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471; VIII. 406; XVI. 707; academy originated by, I. 69; as librarian, XIV. 513.

ALCVONARIA, orde:` of corals, VI. 384; XXIII. 609.

ALcYoNE, genus of birds, XIV. 82.

ALcYoNIDIUIu, genus of Polyzoa, XIX. 440

ALCYONIUS, Petrus, Italian classical scholar, I. 472.

AL ­ DAJJAL, the Mohammedan antichrist, п. 126.

ALDAN, river, Siberia, I. 472;XX11. 5; XXIV. 726.

_ MOUNTAINS, Siberia, I. 472.

ALDBoRoUGII, town, Suffolk, England, 1. 472; XXII. 622.

_, town, Yorkshire, England, I. 472.

ALDE, river, England, XXII. 621.

ALDEBERT (Hildebert), bishop oí Tours, XI. 814.

ALDEBURGH (Aldborough), town, England, 1.472; XXII. 622.

ALDEGONDE, St, F. van Marnix, lord of, Dutch Reformer, XII. 92.

ALDEGREVER, or Aldegraf, Heinrich, German painter, I. 472.

ALDEHYDEs, in chemistry, V. 567.

ALDEN, island, Norway, XVII. 576.

ALDER, tree, I. 472 ; culture of, II. 318.

ALDERMAN, I. 472; XVII. 27.

ALDERNEY, Channel Islands, England, 1— 473

_ CATTLE, XIII. 635.

ALDERSHOT, town and camp, England, I. 474; XI. 431; XXII. 694.

ALDERsoN, Amelia (Mrs Opie), XVII. 787.

ALDFRID, king of Northumberland, XVII. 570.

ALDIIELM, St, early English author, I. 474; VIII. 403; his Psalter, VIII. 382.

ALDINE PRESS, XV. 512.

ALDINI, Giovanni, Italian physicist, 1. 474»

ALDOBRANDINI, Ippolito (Pope Clement VIII), V. 822.

ALDOBRANDO, Italian writer, XIII. 501.

ALDO MANUZIO, Venetian printer, XV. 512; his Greek classics, III. 656.

ALDONA, Anna., Wife of Casimir III. of Poland, XIX. 288.

ALDRED, archbishop of York, I. 475.

ALDRICI-I, Dr Henry, English writer, I. 475

ALDRISI (Edrisi), Arabian geographer, VII. 669.

ALDROVANDA, genus of insectivorous plants, XIII. 137.

ALDROVANDI, Ulisse, Italian naturalist, I. 475 ; on birds, XVIII. 4.

ALDSTONE, town, England, 1. 476.

ALDUS MANUTIUs, XV. 512; his edition of Greek classics, III. 656.

ALE, 1.476; IV. 275; adulteration of, I. 172; Burton, IV. 572.

ALEANDRO, Girolamo, cardinal, I. 476.

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ALE-CONNER, assize огнем, I. 476.

ALEC'ro, one of the Furies, VIII. 524.

ALECTORIDES, group of birds, XVIII. 45

ALEMAN, Louis, cardinal, I. 476.

_, Mateo, Spanish romancist, XXII. 357

ALEMANNI, German tribe, I. 476; X. 476; invasion of Roman empire by, XX. 777, 779; XXII. 729; Narses’s campaigns даты, XVII. 233.

_, Luigi, Italian poet, I. 441.

, Nicholas, editor of Procopius, XXIII. 276.

ALEMANNUS, translator from Arabic, II. 270.

,Johannes, Venetian painter, XXI. 436. 442

ALEMBIC, for distillation, I. 477.

ALEMTEJO, province, Portugal, I. 477; XIX. 537.

ALENçON, town, France, I. 477 ; XVIII. 2; lace of, XIV. 186.

_, Duke of, 1X. 562.

_, Marguerite d', princess, XV. 538.

ALENIO, Giulio, Jesuit missionary, I. 477

ALEPPI, tomi, Travancore, India, XXIII. 525.

ALEPPO, town, Syria, I. 477; province, XXIII. 653.

ALES, Alexander, Scottish Reformer, I. 478; XXI. 542.

ALESIIXI, town, Russia, XXIII. 83. ALESIUS (Ales), or Aless, Alexander, Scottish Reformer, I. 478; XXI. 542. ALESSANDRI, Alessandro, Italian juris

consult, I. 479.

ALESSANDRIA, province and town, Italy, l- 479

ALESSI, Galeazzo, Italian architect, I. 479

ALETI-I (St Servan), ancient town, France, XXI. 197.

ALEURoIuETER, flour 347

ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, I. 479; birds of, III. 753.

ALEUTS, race of people, America, XII. 826.

ALEVIN, newly-hatched salmon, XXI. 224.

ALEXANDER l., pope, 1. 486.

_ II., pope, I. 486; XIX. 498; XX. 791

_lII., pope, I. 486; XIX. 500; XX. 794; resists Frederick Barbarossa, XIII. 471.

_ IV., pope, I. 487; XIII. 475; хх. 797

_V., pope, I. 487; XIX. 502; XX. 804.

VI., pope, I. 487; XIII. 481; XX. 323, 806; his hostility to Savonarola, XXI. 336.

_ VII., pope, I. 490.

_ Vlll., pope, 1. 490; XIX. 506.

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Ineasurer, IX.

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[graphic]

ALEXANDER, of Battenberg, prince of Bulgaria, XXIII. 652.

_, kings of Epirus, VIII. 484.

,Leopold Franz Emmerich, prince of Hohenlohe, priest, and miracleworker, XII. 5I.

_, the Great, king of Macedonia, I. 480; XI. 104; XV. 139; extent of his conquests, X. 17 5; his invasion of India, XII. 786; of Persia, XVIII. 581; his capture of Persepolis, XVIII. 559; his conquest of Phrygia, XVIII. 852; his siege of Tyre, XVIII. 809; Arrian’s history of, II. 631 ; romancing histories of, XX. 640; marble head of, II. 362; coins of, XVII. 64I.

_, king of Poland, XIX. 290.

_ I., czar of Russia, I. 491; XVII. 485; XXI. 100.

_ II., of Russia, XXI. 102.

_ III., of Russia, XXI. 102.

_ I., king of Scotland, I. 491; XXI. 482.

_ II., of Scotland, I. 491; XXI. 484.

_ III., of Scotland, I. 491; XXI. 485.

, Voivode of “Миома, XXI. I7.

_ of Aboniteichos, mystic, XVII. 130.

_ of Шиша, Alexandriau critic, I. 499- '

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_of Aphrodisias, Peripatetic philo-v

sopher, 1.486; XVIII. 546.

_ of Hales, theologian and philosopher,1.486; XXI. 427; Roger Bacon’s tirade against him, III. 219.

_ of Tralles, Byzantine physician, I. 486; XV. 804.

_, Lucian’s dialogue, XV. 45.

_, Era of, V. 715.

_, Archibald, American divine, I. 492.

_, Joseph Addison, American divine, 1- 493

, Sir William, earl of Stirling, Scottish poet, I. 493; his relations to Maine and Nova Scotia, XV. 301 ; XVII. 603.

_ AB ALEXANDRO, Italian jurisconsult, I. 479.

_ BALAs, king of Syria, I. 486.

_ лишив, king of the Jews, l. 486.

_ JARosLAwITz N EVsXI, saint, I. 492

_ NEVsKI, of Novgorod, XXI. 90.

ALEXANDRA, Lyc0phr0n’s poem, I. 499.

—— LAND, South Australia, XXII. 283.

_ N ILE, river, Central Africa, XVII. 505.

_ PALACE, London, XIV. 8 36.

ALEXANDRE, Racines drama, XX. 205.

ALEXANDRETTA, town, Asia Minor, XXI. 366.

ALEXANDRIA, town, Egypt, I. 493; VII. 767; founding of, I. 482; XV. 140; battle of (1801),-1. 38; Catacombs at, v_ 215; coins of, XVII. 651; commerce of, XXIII. 655; glass-making at, _ X. 650; libraries, XIV. 510; burnIng of them, 1. 778; literature, XI. 143;

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museum, I. 69; observatory, XVII. 709; schools of learning, I. 498; XV. 144; XVII. 839.

ALEXANDRIA, Era 0f, V. 714.

_, town, Scotland, I. 496.

_, town, Virginia, U.S.A., I. 496; XXIV. 259.

_ TRoAs, city, Asia Minor, XXIII. 580.

ALEXANDRIAN CANON, V. 5.

ALEXANDRIAN MANUSCRIPT, I.
XVIII. 147.

ALEXANDRIAN SCHOOL, I. 498; unatomy in, I. 801; astronomy, II. 748; medicine, XV. 801; XXII. 674.

ALEXANDRINE VERSE, 1. 500.

ALEXANDRITE, mineral, XVI. 386.

ALEXANDROFE, town, Russia, 271.

ALEXANDROPOL, town, Transcaucasia, Russia, XI. 277; XXIII. 515.

ALEXANDRovsR, town, Transcaspian Region, Russia, XXIII. 513.

ALEXANDROVSXAVA, town, Russia, XXII. 472

ALEXANDROVSKII POSAD, town, Russia, XX. 36.

ALEXIAD, historical work, by Anna Coninena, II. 60.

ALEXIN, шт, Russia, XXIII. 605.

ALEXIPHARMACA, poem by мешает, XVII. 476.

ALEXIS, Greek poet, I. 501.

_, czar of Russia, XXI. 96.

_, son of Peter the Great, XVIII. 699.

_, Wilibald, German novelist, XI. 479

ALEXIUS I., Comnenus, Byzantine emperor, I. 501 ; his relations with the crusaders, VI. 625.

_, emperor of Trebizond, XXIII. 533.

ALFANI, Domenico, Italian painter, I. 501. ‚

AL-FARABI, Arabian philosopher, I. 501; II. 267.

ALEEEVAH, Arab grammar, II. 265.

AL-FEZI (Riph), Jewish rabbi, XX. 566.

ALFIERI, Vittorio, Italian poet, l. 502; VII. 417; XIII. 513.

ALFÖLD, plain, Hungary,­ XII. 361.

ALFONSO. See Alphonso.

ALFORD, Henry, dean of Canterbury, I. 503.

ALFRED, the Great, English king, 1. 506; VIII. 283, 285; his translation of Cœdmon’s poems, IV. 63o; his influence on English literature, VIIL 4.04.

_ CROQUIS, nom-de-crayon of D. Maclise, painter, XV. 165.

_ JEWEL, Enamelling of, VIII. 183.

ALFwoLD, код-шитыми king, XVII. 570

ALG/E, order of plants, I. 507; XXIV. 125 ; their relations to Fungi, III. 692; IX. 834; to lichens, XIV. 556; as parasitic plants, XVIII. 266; reproduction of,

496;

XXIV.

IV. 107, 162; XX. 425, 430; in herbarium, XI. 717; diatoms, VII. 170. ALGARDI, Alessandro, Italian sculptor,

I. 509; XXI. 570.

ALGARO'I'TI, Francesco, Italian author, I. 509—

ALGARROBO, Peruvian trees, XVIII. 671.

ALGARVE, 0r Algarves, province, Portugal, I. 509; XIX. 536.

ALGAU, district, Bavaria, I. 510.

AL-GAZALI, or Algazel, Arabian philosopher, 1. 510; II. 268.

ALGAZEL, species of antelope, II. 101.

ALGEBRA, I. 511; its place in mathematics, XV. 630; determinants in, VIII. 497; Cardan’s work on, V. 90; Leonardo of Pisa’s contributions to, XIX. 125 ; Vieta’s, XXIV. 224 ; Wallis's, XXIV. 332.

ALGECIRAS, town, Spain, I. 562.

ALGER, of Clugny, French author, I. 562.

ALGERIA, country, Africa, I. 562; IX. 525; XVII. 628; forests, IX. 407; mines, XVI. 469 ; wine industry, XXIV. 607.

ALGERINE PIRATES, I. 566.

ALGERUs MAGISTER, French author, I. 562.

ALGEzIRAs, town, Spain, 1. 562.

AL-GHAZALI, Arabian philosopher, I. 510; II. 268.

ALGHERO, town, Sardinia, I. 569; XXI. 309»

ALGIERS, town, Algeria., I. 570; captivity of Cervantes at, V. 35o; conquest of, by the Turks, XXIII. 643; observatory at, XVII. 716.

ALGIN, mucilage, XVII. 12.

ALGoA BAV, Cape Colony, I. 57o.

ALGODONITE, mineral, XVI. 393.

ALGOMA, district, Ontario, Canada, XVII. 776~

ALGONQUINS, American Indians, I. 688, 690; XII. 827.

ALGORITHII, XVII. 626.

ALGUM, incense, XII. 718; tree, I1 596.

ALHAGI MANNA, XV. 493.

AL-HAKAM, enIir of Cordova, XXII. 310.

_ Il., caliph of Cordova, XXII. 313.

ALHAMA, town, Granada, Spain, I. 570.

_, town, Murcia, Spain, I. 570 ; mineral spring at, XVII. 51.

ALHAMBRA, palace, Granada, Spain, I. 570; architecture of, II. 447; walldecorations of, XVII. 36.

ALHAsAN IBN-MOHAMMED ABwAzzAN ALFASI (Leo Africanus), traveller, XIV. 453

ALHAZEN, Arabian mathematician, I. 572; on optics, XIV. 578.

ALI-IUCEIIIAS, bay and islets, Morocco, XVI. 83o.

ALI, ширь, I. 572; XVI. 548, 563, 566, 592; XXII. 663; shrine of, at MeshedAli, XVI. 46; house of, XVI. 574, 579, 584.

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ALI, Seyed Mohammed, founder of Babism, III. 180.

_ BEV, sultan of Egypt, I. 572; VII. 758- ‚

_ BEV (Domingo Badia y Lehlich), Spanish traveller, III. 227.

_ PASHA (Arslan), ruler of Albania, 1. 573; X1. 125; XXIII. 649; hisattack on Parga, XVIII. 27 3.

_ PAsIIA, paslia of Egypt, VII. 761.

_ PASHA, Turkish Vizier, XXIII. 646.

ALIAS, in law, I. 574.

ALIASKA (Alaska, qua), territory, U.S.A., I- 443­

ALIBI, in law, I. 574.

ALICANTE, province and town, Spain, I. 574; XXII. 298.

ALICATA, town, Sicily, I. 574.

ALICE, Lytt0n’s novel, XV. 122.

ALICUDI, Lipari Islands, Mediterranean, XIV. 683.

ALIEN, in law, I. 574; relations of, in war, XIII. 194.

ALIENATIoN, of land, VI. 434; XX. 307.

ALIEN-HOUSES, in architecture, II. 459.

ALIGARII,'district, British India, I. 576.

ALIGHIERI, Dante, Italian poet, V1. 809. Sec Dante.

ALIGNMENTS, lines of stone monuments, XXI. 51.

ALIIIENT, in Scots law, I. 576.

ALluENTA, Trajan’s, for poor and orphan children, XXIII. 504.

ALIMENTARV CANAL., VII. 221; XVII. 668; in mammals, XV. 362.

ALIMENTARV SYSTEM, of birds, 111. 725; of reptiles, XX. 457.

ALIMENTIVENESS, in phrenology, XVIII. 845.

ALIMoNV, in English law, I. 576.

ALI MURAD, Persian khan, XVIII. 644.

ALI-OLLAIIIS, communityof Kurds, XIV. 158.

ALISCANS, French chanson, IX. 638.

ALISMA, genus of plants, XIX. 176.

ALISON, Archibald, Scottish divine, I. 576; on the principles of taste, I. 223.

_, Sir Archibald, historian, I. 577.

_, “Шаги P., Scottish physician, XV. 817.

ALIZARIN, colouring matter, I. 577; IV. 687; XV. 176.

ALKALI, in chemistry, I. 578; volatile, 1. 741.

ALXAL1Es,Metals of the, V. 524; their spectra, XXII. 375.

ALXALINE DEVELOPER, in photography, XVIII. 826.

ALXALINE PHosPHATEs, XVIII. 819.

ALXALINE SPRINGS, XVI. 435.

ALKALINITY, of sea-water, XXI. 612.

ALKALOIDS, in chemistry, I. 578; natural, or native, V. 576; XVII. 520; Vege` table waste-products, XIX. 53.

ALXAMA, Arabic poet, XVI. 537.

ALXANET, plant, I. 578.

AI.­KANTARA, town, Morocco, XVI. 8 32. AL-KIIARIZIII, Arabian mathematician, XVII. 626.

AL-KINDI, or Alkindius, Arabian philosopher, I. 578; II. 267.

ALKMAAR, town, Netherlands, I. 578.

_, Heinrik von, German satirist, I.

78.

ALSKOSH, Mesopotamia, Nahunfs tomb at, XVII. 165.

ALKYLAMINES, in chemistry, XVII. 519.

ALLADA, towns, Dahomey, Africa, VI.

766. ALLAH, Arabian name of God, I. 578; XVI. 546.

ALLAHABAD, division, district, and town, British India, 1. 578; XVII. 572.

ALLAH-DACH, mountains, Transcaspian Region, Russia, XXIII. 511.

ALLAII-UD-DIN KIIILJI, sultan of Delhi, XII. 793.

ALLAMAND, Jean Nicolas Sebastian, natural philosopher, I. 579.

ALLAN, David, Scottish painter, I. 580.

_, Sir ÑViIIiam, Scottish painter, I. 580.

ALLANITE, mineral, XVI. 409.

ALLANTOIS, of mammals, xv. 369.

ALLAS, mountain, Timor, Indian Archipelago, XXIII. 397.

ALLAscII, liqueur, хш. 687.

ALLEGHANY, Virginia, U.S.A., mineral water of, XVI. 436.

_, river, United States, I. 580.

_ MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., I. 580, 678; XVIII. 499; ххш. 795; birds of the,

III. 751.

ALLEGHENY, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., I. 580; XIX. 150; observatory at, XVII. 715.

ALLEGIANCE, in law, I. 580; 111 relation to domicile, VII. 351; oath of, 1. 580; XVII. 701.

ALLEGORICAL INTERPRETATION, of Scripture, XI. 743.

ALLEGORIEs, of the Physiologus, XIx. 6.

ALLEGORY, I. 581; VIII. 837.

ALLEGRA, daughter of Lord Byron, XXI. 792

ALLEGRI, Antonio (Correggio), painter, VI- 4375 XXI- 437» 443

_, Gregorio, Italian musician, I. 581.

ALLEINE, Joseph, English divine, I. 581.

_, Richard, English divine, I. 582.

ALLELUIA HYMNS, XII. 582.

ALLEMONTITE, mineral, XVI. 380.

ALLEN, Bog of, Ireland, I. 582.

_, Ethan, American patriot, XXIII. 787.

_, John, political writer, I. 58 3.

_, Ralph, inventor of cross-roads postal system, XIX. 565.

_, Thomas, English mathematician, I. 583.

_, William, cardinal, I. 441.

‘-—‚ William, pianoforte maker, XIX. 75

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ALLENTOWN,
U.S.A., I. 583.

ALLESTRY, or Allestree, Richard, English
Royalist, I. 583.

ALLEYN, Edward, founder of Dulwich College, London, I. 583; VII. 520.

——‚ Thomas, English mathematician, I. 583.

ALL Foods DAY, II. 214.

ALLGAU, district, Bavaria, I. 510.

ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG, German newspaper, VI. 480; XVII. 428.

ALL-HALLOWS, or Allhallowtide, festival, 1. 578; хш. 245.

АЬЫА, ваше of (390 B.C.), xx. 740.

ALLIANCE, I. 585.

_, The Holy (1815), IX. 619.

_ DES 'rRoIs COTILLONs (1756), Ix. 588.

ALLIER, department, France, I. 585.

_, river, France, I. 58 5; XX. 119.

ALLIGATOR, reptile, I. 585; V1. 594; XX. 446.

_, river, South Australia, XXII. 284.

_ LEATHER, XIV. 389.

_ PEPPER, XVIII. 517.

_ TERRAPIN, tortoise, XXIII. 458.

ALLINGTON CASTLE, Kent, England, XIV. 4o.

ALLIs SHAD, fish, XXI. 726.

ALLITERATION, I. 585.

ALLITERATIVE CONCORD, in philology, XIII. 820; XVIII. 780; XXIV. 827.

ALLIUM, genus of plants, X. 81; XIV.

town, Pennsylvania,

409

ALLIX, Pierre, French divine, I. 586.

ALLIIAN, G. J., on Polyzoa, XIx. 431; on Protozoa, XIX. 860.

ALLOA, town, Scotland, I. 586.

ALLODIUM, 111 land tenure, I. 587.

ALLOIOCIELA, tribe of worms, XIX. 172, 174.

ALLOIIORPHITE, mineral, XVI. 4oo.

ALLOPALLADIUM, mineral, XVI. 383.

ALLOPIIANE, mineral, XVI. 424.

ALLOLOBOPIIORA, genus of worms, XXIV. 678.

ALLORI, Alessandro, Italian painter, I. 587.

_, Cristofano, Italian painter, I. 587.

ALLOTROPY, in chemistry, I. 587.

ALLOWAY KIRK, Ayrshire, Scotland, III. 164.

ALLOXAN, in chemistry, I. 587.

ALLOY, I. 587; in coinage, XVI. 483, 725.

ALLOYS, in assaying, II. 724; fusing point of, XX. 132; of gold, X. 750; of mercury, XVI. 33; of platinum, XIX. 191; of silver, XXII. 71.

ALL-SAINTs DAY, I. 578.

ALLSOPVS BREwERIEs, Burton, England, 111. 572.

ALL SOULS COLLEGE, Oxford, XVIII.

ALL SOULS DAY, XVII. 606.

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ALLsPIcE, or Pimento, XIX. 97; xvIII. 517. ALLs'rEDT, district, Germany, XXI. 349. ALLSTON,Washington, Aniericanpainter and poet, I. 588, 722. ALL TIIE TALEN'rs, English ministry of, VIII. 363. ALLUCINGOLI, Ubaldo (Pope Lucius IIL), XV. 48. ALLUVIAL DEPOsITs, X. 365; XII. 62, 504, 736ALLUVION, Law in regard to, Xx. 565. ALLUVIUM, land made up of sediment, I. 589. ALLVGHUR, or Aligarh, India, 1. 576. ALLYN, William, cardinal, I. 441. ALMA, river, Russia, I. 589; battle of the (1854), 1. 589. ' _ DAGLI, moIuItains, Syria, XXII. 821. ALMADEN, town, Spain, I. 589. ALMAGEST, Ptolemy’sastronomica1 Work, I. 589; XX. 87; 11. 750; x. 177. ALMAGRO, town, Spain, 1. 589. _, Diego d’, Spanish commander, I. 589; XVIII. 677. ALMAI, singing girls of Egypt, I. 592. ALMALI, town, Asiatic Turkey, l. 589. AL-MAIIIUN, caliph, I. 589; XVI. 582. ALMANAC, I. 590. _, Nautical, XVII. 260. ALMANACH DE GOTIIA, I. 592. ALMANACK, Poor Richards, I. 721; 1х. 712. ALMANSA, or Almanza, town, Spain, I. 592; battle of (1707), 1х. 582. ALMANSOR, Moorish ruler in Spain, XV. 500; XXII. 314. AL-MANSUR, or Almanzor, Mohammedan princes, XV. 500. ALMATY, town, Central Asia, XXIV. 303. ALME, singing girls of Egypt, I. 592. ALIIEIDA, town, Portugal, I. 592. _, Francisco de, Viceroy of Portuguese Indìa,1. 592. ALMELO, town, Holland, XVIII. 78. ALMERIA, province and town, Spain, I. 593; ххп. 298. ALIIIERY, in architecture, II. 459. ALMOHADES, Mohammedan dynasty, l. 593; in Spain, XXII. 316; in Tunis, XXIII. 621. AL-MOXANNA, Moslem impostor, XVI. 580. ALMON, John, political writer and ì publisher, I. 594. ALMOND, tree and fruit, I. 594; x11. 269; XVIII. 442. _, river, Scotland, XIV. 669. ALMONDBURY, town, England, I. 595. ALMONDELL HOUSE, Linlithgow, Scotland, XIV. 670. ALMOND N UT, XVII. 664ALMOND OIL, XVII. 744; Chemistry 0f, XXIV. 626. ALMONER, ecclesiastical oßîcer', l- 595

ALMONRV, in architecture, II. 459.

ALMoRA, town, India., 1. 595.

ALMORAVIDES, Mohaniiiiedan dynasty, I. 595, 565; XV. 525; XXII. 316.

ALMQVIST, Karl Jonas Ludwig, Swedish writer, I. 596; XXII. 757.

ALMS, in early church, XVIII. 422.

ALMSGIVING, in relation to poor laws, XIX. 463.

ALMsIIoUsEs, English, XIX. 465.

ALMUCE, church vestnient, VI. 463.

ALMUG TREE, of Scripture, 1. 596.

ALMUNECAR, town, Spain, 1. 596.

AL-NAHR (Oxus), river, Central Asia, XVIII. 101.

AL-NASIRA (Nazareth), town, Palestine, XVII. 302.

ALNE, river, England, XVII. 565.

ALNwIcK, town, England, 1. 596; XVII. 567, 568­

ALOD, or Alodium, iii land tenure, I. 587; IX. 120. °

ALOE, plant, I. 597; XII. 262; incense, x11. 718.

ALOID/E, or Aloiadœ, in Greek legend, 1- 597»

ALOIN, bitter principle in plants, XIX. 53

ALoMBRADos, Spanish mystics, XII. 706.

ALOMPRA, Burmese king, 1. 597; IV. 556

ALONZO, kings of Spain and Portugal, I. 615. See Alphonso.

ALoPEciA, skin disease, Xxii. 121.

ALoPECIAs, genus of sharks, XXI. 777.

ALOST, town, Belgium, I. 597.

ALoURiE, town, West Africa, X11. 710.

ALP, mountain pasture, I. 620, 632.

ALPACA, wool-bearing animal, I. 597; IV. 12; XIV. 740; relation of domesticated to wild forms, IV. 251.

ALP ARsLAN, Seljuk sultan, I. 598; Xv1. 44, 588; хх. 730; XXI. 634.

ALPE D1 SUccisA, Apennines, Italy, XIII. 437.

Анны-Новы, trumpet, XXIII. 593. ALPES, three departments (Basses, Hautes, Maritimes), France, I. 599.

ALPHA AND OMEGA, I. 599.

ALPHABET, I. 600; letters of, as numerals, XVII. 62 5; characters in ancient inscriptions, XIII. 114; Celtiberian, XII. 605; deaf and dumb, VII. 8 ; Egyptian, XI. 807; early Greek, XII. 112; Hebrew, XI. 597; hieroglyphic, XI. 796; A. J. Ellis’s palaeotype, XXII. 381, 385; Phœnician, x1. 807; XviII. 802, 806; phonetic, XVIII. 812; XXII. 39; phonographic, XXI. 836; Roman, XIII. 125; Sabœan, XXIV. 740; Sanskrit, XXI. 270.

АЬРНЛЗИБ, father of the apostle James, XIII. 5 52.

ALPHARABIUS (Al-Farabi), philosopher, п. 267.

AL-PHASI (Ripli), Jewish rabbi and Talmudist, XX. 566.

Arabian

ALPHEN, Hieronymus Dutch writer, XII. 97.

ALPHEUS, river, Greece, I. 615; XVII. 765.

ALPHONSINE TABLES, in astronomy, 1. 617.

ALPHoNso, or Alfonso, I., king of Aragon, 1. 617; ххп. 316.

_ Il., of Aragon, I. 618; XXII. 316.

_ III., of Aragon, 1. 618; XXII. 322.

_ IV., of Aragon, I. 618; XXII. 323.

_ V., of Aragon (I. of Sicily), l. 618 ; хш. 478; XXII. 324.

_I.-III., kings of the Asturias, I. 615; XXII. 311.

_ IV., king of Leon, l. 615.

_ V., of Leon, 1.615; XXII. 312.

_ VI., king of Castile, I. 615 ; XXII. 316; XIX. 539.

_VII., of Castile, I. 616; XIX. 540; XXII. 316.

î- VIII., of Castile, I. 617; XXII. 317.

_ IX., king of Leon, I. 616; XXII. 317.

—Х., the lVise, king of Castile, I. 616; XXII. 318.

_ XI., of Castile, 1. 617; XXII. 319.

_ XII., king of Spain, XXII. 346.

_ I.-IV., princes of Este, VIII. 559.

_ l.-VI., kings of Portugal, I. 618. See also Atfonso.

_ DE CARTAGENA, Spanish historian, I. 619.

ALPHoNsUs A SANCTA MARIA, Spanish historian, I. 619.

ALPINI, Prospero, Italian physician and botanist, I. 619.

ALPINIA, genus of plants, X. 17.

ALPNACHERSEE, Lake of Lucerne, Switzerland, XV. 41.

ALPS, the, I. 619; geological structure of, X. 371, 373; Hannibal’s passage of, XI. 441; XX. 749; heights of, compared with the Himalayas, XI. 826; Saussure’s observations on, XXI. 324; Southern, хш. 434; Styrian, XXII. 614; Swiss, XXII. 776, 779.

ALPUJARRAS, or Alpuxaras, district, Spain, I. 636.

ALRED, archbishop of York, I. 475.

ALREDUS, early English historian, I. 636.

ALREsroRD, New, town, England, 1. 636.

AL-RUss, town, Arabia, XVII. 774.

ALSACE, province, Germany, I. 636; ceded to Spain, XXII. 330; annexed t0 France (1675), 1X. 577; X. 502; restored to Germany (1871), Ix. 627; X. 513.

ALSEN, island, Schleswig-Holstein, I. 637; XXI. 414.

ALSOP, Vincent, Puritan divine, I. 637.

ALSOPHILA, genus of tree-ferns, XXIlI. 534

ALSTED, Johann Heinrich, German author, I. 637; his Encyclopaedia, VIII.

193.

van,

ALSTON, Charles, Scottish botanist, I. 638; on the sexes of plants, IV. 82. _, Mount, Vancouver Island, XXIV.

57

ALsToNIA GUM, X1. 339.

ALsroNITE, mineral, хш. 398.

ALsToN MOOR, town, England, I. 476.

ALsrRosiiaR, Jonas, Swedish industrial reformer, I. 638.

ALT, river, Transylvania, I. 638.

ALTAI MOUNTAINS, Siberia, I. 638; 11. 686; XXII. 2; XXIII. 438.

ALTAITE, mineral, XVI. 391.

ALTAMAHA, river, Georgia, U.S.A., X. 434

ALTAMURA, town, Italy, I. 638.

ALTAN KHAN, Mongol chief, XVI. 744.

ALTAR, I. 638.

ALTAR-WORSIIIP, XXIII. 165.

ALTAZIMUTH THEODOLITE, x. 165.

ALTDORF, town, Switzerland, I. 642; XXIV. 11.

_, Bavaria, University of, XXIII. 845, 848.

ALTDORFER, Albrecht, German painter, I. 642.

ALTEN, river, Norway, XVII. 576.

ALTENBURG, town, Germany, I. 642; XXI. 347.

ALTEN OETTING, town, Bavaria, I. 642.

ALTENsrEIN, castle, Saxe-Meiningen, Germany, I. 642.

ALTERNATION oF GENERATIONS, 111. 687; 1v. 159; XIII. 146; хх. 429.

Аьтнгы Rossa, species of plants, XII. 102.

AL-THING, parliament of Iceland, XII. 618, 621.

ALTIIORP, Lord (Earl Spencer), English statesman, XXII. 391.

ALTIERI, Emilio (Pope Clement X.), v. 822.

ALI-IN, lake, Siberia, 1. 642.

ALTING, Heinrich, German theologian, I. 642.

_, Jacob, German theologian, I. 642.

ALTIONOS (Tours), ancient town, France, XXIII. 491.

Auris, in ancient Olympia, XVII. 766, 768.

ALTITUDES, Geodesic determination of, X. 171; meridian, XVII. 269; determination of, in surveying, XXII. 707, 711.

ALTMARK, district, Prussian Saxony, XXI. 359.

ALTO DOURO, Portugal, wine industry of, XVII. 795; XXIV. 607.

ALTOETTING, town, Bavaria, 1. 642.

ALTOFTS, parish, Yorkshire, England, XVII. 5 52.

ALTON, town, England, I. 642.

_, town, Illinois, U.S.A., I. 643.

_ LOCKE, Kingsley’s novel, XIV. 88.

ALTONA, town, Schleswig-Holstein, 1. 643; XI. 404; XX. 16; XXI. 415; observatory at, XVII. 712.

/

[blocks in formation]

largest in the world, I. 509. ALTRINGIIAM, town, England, I. 643. ALTRUISM, in Comtist system, VI.

237.

ALTVATER, mountain, Moravia, XVI.

810; XXII. 53.

ALUCO, genus of birds, XVIII. 91.
ALUM, chemical salt, I. 643; mineral,

XVI. 402.

ALUMAT, king of Persia, XVIII. 633. ALUMBAGH, enclosure, Lucknow, I. 647. ALUMINITE, mineral, I. 645; XVI. 401. ALUMINIUM, chemical element, I. 647;

V. 532; first isolated by Wöhler, XXIV.

627'; ores of, XVI. 58; spectrum of,

XXII. 377; sulphate of, XXII. 637. —— BRONZE, Iv. 367.

ALUNITE, mineral, XVI. 402. ALUNOGENE, mineral, I. 645; XVI. 4oI. ALURED, early English historian, I.

636, 425.

ALUTA, river, Transylvania, I.

XXIII. 521.

ALVA, village, Scotland, I. 647; XXII. 554­ _, Duke of, Spanish general, I. 647;

XVIII. 744; in Holland, XII. 75. ALVARADO, Pedro de, Spanish dis

coverer, I. 648.

ALVAREZ, Francisco, Portuguese tm

Veller, I. 648.

_, José, Spanish sculptor, l. 649. _, Manuel, Spanish sculptor, I. 649. ALVARO DE LUNA, Spanish minister,

XXII. 321.

ALVEOLAR SARCOMA, disease, XVIII.

638;

369­

Амин, state, India, I. 649; XX. 260.

ALWIN, Henry Fitz, first mayor of London, XIV. 844.

ALVAI'rEs, Lydian king, XV. Ioo; XXII. 186; his tomb, near Sardis, II. 401; XV. 98.

ALYPIUS, Greek writer on music, I. 649.

_ of Antioch, geographer, I. 649.

ALVTH, town, Scotland, I. 649; XVIII. 667.

AMADAVAT, bird, XXIV. 463.

AMADEUS I.-IV., counts of Savoy, XXI. 339

_ V., of Savoy, I. 65o; XXI. 341.

_ VI., VII., of Savoy, XXI. 341.

_ VIII., duke of Savoy (Felix V., antipope), 1.650; XIX. 503; XXI. 341.

_ IX., duke of Savoy, XXI. 341.

_ of Aosta, king of Spain, XXII. 346.

A-MADI, African nation, XVII. 473.

AMADIs or GAUL, Spanish romance, 1.650; IX. 653; XX. 653; XXII. 355.

AMADIs or GREECE, romance, XX. 655.

AMADOU, fungus, I. 65o.

[graphic]

AMAGAT, E. H. M., his experiments on pressure of gases, XV. 495; XIX. 242. AMAOER, or Amak, island, Denmark, I. 651; VI. 343.

AMALABERGA, Frankish queen, X. 476.

AMALARIC, Gothic chief, X. 85I.

AMALASONTIIA, daughter of Theodoric, 1.651; X. 851; XXIII. 257.

AMALEXITES, of Scripture, 1.651; XVIII. I7 5.

AMALFI, town, Italy, I. 652.

AMALGAM, rncrcurial alloy, 1. 652; XVI. 33; mineral, XVI. 382.

AMALGAMATION, of metals, XVI. 58; of gold, X. 747; of silver, XXII. 69.

AMALGAM-WORK, Japanese, XIII. 591.

AMALIA, Anna, duchess of Saxe-Weimar, I. 652; X. 728.

AMALRIC, or Amaury,king of Jerusalem, VII. 752; XXIII. 161.

_, or Amalrich, of Вена, mystic, 652; XVII. 132; XXI. 426. _, u

AMALRIcANs, sect of the Freef Spi
XVII. 132.

AMALRICH of Вена, mystic, I. 652;
XVII. 132; XXI. 426.

AMALTEO, Italian family, 1. 652.

_, Pomponio, Venetian painter, I. 6 52.

AMANA (Abana), river of Scripture, Syria, XIV. 394.

_ COMMUNITY, communistic society, U.S.A., VI. 216.

AMANCAES, Peruvian lily, XVIII. 67o.

AMAPALA, port, Honduras, X11. I3o.

AMAR, Asiatic people, in Egyptian literature, I. 747.

AMARANTH, I. 653.

AMARAPURA, or Ummerapoora, town, Burmah, 1.653; III. 144.

AMARA SINIIA, Sanskrit writer, I. 652.

AMAR DAS, Sikh ruler, India, XX. по.

AMARGOSA, river, Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. 367.

AMARVLLIs, plant, XII. 265.

AMARYNTHOS, Amphictyony of, I. 773.

AMASIA, or Amasiayah, town, Turkey in Asia, I. 653; XIX. 459.

AMASIS, king of Egypt, I. 653; IV. 733; ЧП. 743; XIX. 417.

AMASTRIS, Persian princess, XV. 119.

_, ancient town, Paphlagonia, XVIII. 227.

AMAT, Felix, Spanish historian, I. 65 3.

AMATI, family of violin makers, I. 654; XVII. 98; XXIV. 245.

AMATITLAN, lake and town, Guatemala, I. 654; XI. 239.

AMATIVENEss, in phrenology, XVIII. 844.

AMAURI, or Amalric, of Вена, mystic, I. 652; XVII. 132; XXI. 426.

AMAUROsIs, disease of the eye, I. 654; XVII. 784.

AMAURY, or Amalric, king of Jerusalem, VII. 752; XXIII. 161.

AMAXICIII, or Amaxikhi, town, Ionian Islands, I. 654; XXI. 297.

[graphic]

AMA-XOSAS, race, South Afn'ca, XIII. 819.

AMAZON, or Amazons, river, South America, I. 654, 674; 1V. 221; birds of, III. 746.

AMAZONAS, territory, Venezuela, XXIV. 14o.

AMAZONS, female warriors, I. 655; XXI. 310; of Dahomey, VI. 767.

AMAZON-STONE, mineral, X1. 48; XVI. 419.

AMA-ZULU RACE, South Africa, XIII. 818; XVII. 319; XXIV. 828.

AMBALA, division, district, and town, British India, I. 655; XX. 109.

AMBARAWA, town, Java, XIII. 606.

AMIIARVALIA, Roman festival, I. 656; XV. 57o.

AMBASSADOR, I. 657; his position and rights, XIII. 193. ‚а:

АМВАТО, townr or, I. 659.

AMBER, 1. 659; 1. 428; XX. 143; electric properties of, VIII. 3; Phocnician, XVIII. 806.

_, Liquid, liquidambar, XIV. 687.

AMBERBAXI, Papuan tribe, XVII. 388.

AMBERG, town, Bavaria, I. 660.

AMBERGRIS, concretion in sperm whale, I. 660; XV. 396; XXIV. 525; as perfume, XVIII. 526.

AMBERNO, river, New Guinea, XVII. 386.

AMBERT, town, France, I. 661; XX. 120.

AMBLESIDE, town, England, I. 661; XXIV. 516.

AMBLETEUSE, town, France, I. 661.

AMBLVcEPHALID/E, family of snakes, XXII. 193.

AMBLVGONITE, mineral, XVI. 408.

AMBLVOPIA, eye disease, XVII. 784.

AMBLVOPsIs SPEL/EUS, blind fish, xv. 450~

AMBLYPODA, suborder of ungulate mammals, XV. 426.

AMBLVRIIVNCIIUS, genus of reptiles, XX. 453.

AMBLVsrEGITE, mineral, XVI. 415.

AMBLYSTOMA, metamorphosed siredon (amphibian), I. 760; XXII. 96.

AMBO, reading desk, I. 661.

AMBOHIMANGA, town, Madagascar, XV. 175.

AMBOISE, town, France, I. 661.

_, Cardinal, tomb of, at Rouen, XXI. I3.

AMBON, reading desk, I. 661.

AMBOVNA, island and town, Moluccas, I. 661.

AMBRA, poem by Lorenzo dei Medici, XV. 786.

AMBRACIA, ancient town, Epírus, I. 661.

AMBREIN, constituent of ambergris, I. 660.

AMBRIZIANS, tribe, Congo, VI. 267.

AMBRO, Cape, Madagascar, XV. 168.

AMBROSINI, Angelo (Politian), Italian scholar and poet, XIX. 345; XX. 384.

XXV. — 3

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