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482.

1. 473.

471; VIII. 406; XVI. 707; academy | ALE-CONNER, assize officer, I. 476. ALEXANDER, of Battenberg, prince of originated by, 1. 69; as librarian, XIV. ALECTO, one of the Furies, VIII. 524. Bulgaria, XXII. 652. 513.

ALECTORIDES, group of birds, xvIII. kings of Epirus, VIII. 484. ALCYONARIA, order of corals, Vi. 384; 45.

Leopold Franz Emmerich, prince XXIII. 609. ALEMAN, Louis, cardinal, 1. 476.

of Hohenlohe, priest, and miracleALCYONE, genus of birds, xiv. 82.

Mateo, Spanish romancist, xxII. worker, XII. 51. ALCYONIDIUM, genus of Polyzoa, xix. 357.

the Great, king of Macedonia, I. 440.

ALEMANNI, German tribe, I. 476; X. 476; 480; XI. 104; XV. 139; extent of his ALCYONIUS, Petrus, Italian classical invasion of Roman empire by, XX. 777, conquests, X. 175; his invasion of scholar, 1. 472.

779; XXII. 729; Narses's campaigns India, XII. 786; of Persia, XVIII. 581; AL - DAJJAL, the Mohammedan anti against, XVII. 233.

his capture of Persepolis, XVIII. 559; christ, II. 126.

Luigi, Italian poet, 1. 441.

his conquest of Phrygia, xvIII. 852; ALDAN, river, Siberia, I. 472; XXII. 5; Nicholas, editor of Procopius, XXIII. his siege of Tyre, XVIII. 809; Arrian's XXIV. 726. 276.

history of, 11. 631; romancing histories MOUNTAINS, Siberia, 1. 472. ALEMANNUS, translator from Arabic, II. of, xx. 640; marble head of, II. 362; ALDBOROUGH, town, Suffolk, England, 270.

coins of, xvII. 641. 1. 472; XXII. 622.

Johannes, Venetian painter, XXI. king of Poland, XIX. 290. , town, Yorkshire, England, 1. 472. 436, 442.

I., czar of Russia, I. 491; XVII. 485; ALDE, river, England, xxII. 621. ALEMBIC, for distillation, I. 477.

XXI. 100.
ALDEBERT (Hildebert), bishop of Tours, ALEMTEJO, province, Portugal, 1. 477; II., of Russia, XXI. 102.
XI. 814.
XIX. 537

III., of Russia, XXI. 102. ALDEBURGH (Aldborough), town, Eng ALENÇON, town, France, I. 477; XVIII. 2; I., king of Scotland, I. 491; XXI. land, 1. 472; XXII. 622.

lace of, xiv. 186. ALDEGONDE, St, F. van Marnix, lord Duke of, ix. 562.

II., of Scotland, 1. 491; XXI. 484. of, Dutch Reformer, XII. 92.

Marguerite d', princess, XV. 538. III., of Scotland, 1. 491; XXI. 485. ALDEGREVER, or Aldegraf, Heinrich, ALENIO, Giulio, Jesuit missionary, I. voivode of Walachia, XXI. 17. German painter, I. 472. 477.

of Aboniteichos, mystic, XVII. 130. ALDEHYDES, in chemistry, v. 567. ALEPPI, town, Travancore, India, XXIII. of Ætolia, Alexandrian critic, 1. ALDEN, island, Norway, XVII. 576.

525.

499. ALDER, tree, I. 472 ; culture of, 11. 318. ALEPPO, town, Syria, I. 477 ; province, of Aphrodisias, Peripatetic philoALDERMAN, I. 472; XVII. 27.

XXIII. 653.

sopher, 1. 486; XVIII. 546. ALDERNEY, Channel Islands, England, ALES, Alexander, Scottish Reformer, I. of Hales, theologian and philo

478; XXI. 542.

sopher, I. 486; XXI. 427; Roger Bacon's CATTLE, XIII. 635.

ALESHKI, town, Russia, XXIII. 83. tirade against him, III. 219. ALDERSHOT, town and camp, England, ALESIUS (Ales), or Aless, Alexander, of Tralles, Byzantine physician, 1. 1. 474; XI. 431; XXII. 694.

Scottish Reformer, I. 478; XXI. 542. 486; xv. 804. ALDERSON, Amelia (Mrs Opie), XVII. ALESSANDRI, Alessandro, Italian juris Lucian's dialogue, XV. 45. 787 consult, I. 479.

Era of, v. 715. ALDFRID, king of Northumberland, ALESSANDRIA, province and town, Italy, Archibald, American divine, 1. 492. XVII. 570.

Joseph Addison, American divine, ALDHELM, St, early English author, 1. ALESSI, Galeazzo, Italian architect, i.

1. 493. 474; VIII. 403; his Psalter, Vill. 382. 479.

Sir William, earl of Stirling, ScotALDINE PRESS, XV. 512.

ALETH (St Servan)ancient town, tish poet, 1. 493; his relations to Maine ALDINI, Giovanni, Italian physicist, I. France, XXI. 197.

and Nova Scotia, XV. 301; XVII. 603. 474. ALEUROMETER, flour measurer,

AB ALEXANDRO, Italian jurisconALDOBRANDINI, Ippolito (Pope Clement

347.

sult, 1. 479. VIII.), v. 822.

ALEUTIAN ISLANDS, I. 479; birds of, BALAS, king of Syria, I. 486.
ALDOBRANDO, Italian writer, XIII. 501.
III. 753.

JANNÆUS, king of the Jews, I. ALDO MANUZIO, Venetian printer, xv. ALEUTS, race of people, America, XII. 512; his Greek classics, III. 656. 826.

JAROSLAWITZ NEVSKI, saint, I. ALDONA, Anna, wife of Casimir III. of ALEVIN, newly-hatched salmon, XXI. 492. Poland, XIX. 288. 224.

NEVSKI, of Novgorod, XXI. 90. ALDRED, archbishop of York, I. 475. ALEXANDER I., pope, I. 486.

ALEXANDRA, Lycophron's poem, 1. 499. ALDRICH, Dr Henry, English writer, I. II., pope, I. 486; XIX. 498; XX. LAND, South Australia, XXII. 283. 475. 791.

NILE, river, Central Africa, XVII. ALDRISI (Edrisi), Arabian geographer, III., pope, I. 486; XIX. 500; xx. 505. VII. 669.

794; resists Frederick Barbarossa, PALACE, London, XIV. 836. ALDROVANDA, genus of insectivorous

XIII. 471.

ALEXANDRE, Racine's drama, XX. 205. plants, XIII. 137.

IV., pope, l. 487; XIII. 475; XX. ALEXANDRETTA, town, Asia Minor, XXI. ALDROVANDI, Ulisse, Italian naturalist,

797.

366. 1. 475; on birds, XVIII. 4.

V., pope, I. 487; XIX. 502; xx. ALEXANDRIA, town, Egypt, I. 493; VII. ALDSTONE, town, England, I. 476.

804.

767; founding of, l. 482; XV. 140; ALDUS MANUTIUS, XV. 512; his edition VI., pope, I. 487; XIII. 481; XX. battle of (1801), I. 38; catacombs at, of Greek classics, III. 656.

323, 806; his hostility to Savonarola, V. 215; coins of, XVII. 651; commerce ALE, I. 476; IV. 275 ; adulteration of, I. XXI. 336.

of, XXIII. 655; glass-making at, X. 172 ; Burton, iv. 572.

VII., pope, I. 490.

650; libraries, XIV. 510; burning ALEANDRO, Girolamo, cardinal, I. 476. VIII., pope, I. 490; XIX. 506. of them, 1. 778; literature, XI. 143;

1. 479.

IX.

486.

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510; II. 268.

museum, 1. 69; observatory, XVII. IV. 107, 162; XX. 425, 430; in her- | ALI, Seyed Mohammed, founder of 709; schools of learning, I. 498; xv. barium, XI. 717; diatoms, vii. 170. Babism, III. 180. 144; XVII. 839.

ALGARDI, Alessandro, Italian sculptor, BEY, sultan of Egypt, l. 572; VII. ALEXANDRIA, Era of, v. 714.

I. 509; XXI, 570.

758. town, Scotland, I. 496.

ALGAROTTI, Francesco, Italian author, 1. BEY (Domingo Badia y Leblich), town, Virginia, U.S.A., I. 496; 509.

Spanish traveller, III. 227. XXIV, 259.

ALGARROBO, Peruvian trees, xvIII. 671. PASHA (Arslan), ruler of Albania, TROAS, city, Asia Minor, xxIII. ALGARVE, or Algarves, province, Portu 1. 573; XI. 125; XXIII. 649; his attack 580. gal, I. 509; XIX. 536.

on Parga, XVIII. 273. ALEXANDRIAN CANON, V. 5. ALGAU, district, Bavaria, I. 510.

PASHA, pasha of Egypt, VII. 761. ALEXANDRIAN MANUSCRIPT, I. 496; AL-GAZALI, or Algazel, Arabian phtlo PASHA, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 646. XVIII. 147

sopher, 1. 510; II. 268.

ALIAS, in law, 1. 574. ALEXANDRIAN SCHOOL, I. 498; ana ALGAZEL, species of antelope, II. 101. ALIASKA (Alaska, q.v.), territory, U.S.A., tomy in, 1. 801; astronomy, 11. 748; ALGEBRA, I. 511; its place in mathe

I. 443. medicine, xv. 801; XXII. 674.

matics, xv. 630; determinants in, viii. | ALIBI, in law, I. 574. ALEXANDRINE VERSE, I. 500.

497; Cardan's work on, V. 90; ALICANTE, province and town, Spain, I. ALEXANDRITE, mineral, XVI. 386.

Leonardo of Pisa's contributions to, 574; XXII. 298. ALEXANDROFF, town, Russia, XXIV. XIX. 125; Vieta's, XXIV. 224; Wallis's, ALICATA, town, Sicily, 1. 574. 271.

XXIV. 332.

ALICE, Lytton's novel, xv. 122. ALEXANDROPOL, town, Transcaucasia, ALGECIRAS, town, Spain, I. 562. ALICUDI, Lipari Islands, Mediterranean, Russia, XI. 277; XXIII. 515.

ALGER, of Clugny, French author, I. XIV. 683. ALEXANDROVSK, town, Transcaspian 562.

ALIEN, in law, I. 574; relations of, in Region, Russia, xxIII. 513.

ALGERIA, country, Africa, I. 562; IX. war, XIII. 194. ALEXANDROVSKAYA, town, Russia, XXII. 525; XVII. 628; forests, IX. 407; mines, ALIENATION, of land, vi. 434; xx. 307. 472.

XVI. 469; wine industry, XXIV. 607. ALIEN-HOUSES, in architecture, II. 459. ALEXANDROVSKII POSAD, town, Russia, ALGERINE PIRATES, 1. 566.

ALIGARH, district, British India, I. 576. XX. 36.

ALGERUS MAGISTER, French author, I. | ALIGHIERI, Dante, Italian poet, vi. 809. ALEXIAD, historical work, by Anna 562.

See Dante.
Comnena, 11. 60.
ALGEZIRAS, town, Spain, I. 562.

ALIGNMENTS, lines of stone monuments, ALEXIN, town, Russia, xxIII. 605. AL-GHAZALI, Arabian philosopher, I.

XXI. 51. ALEXIPHARMACA, poem by Nicander,

ALIMENT, in Scots law, 1. 576. XVII. 476.

ALGHERO, town, Sardinia, I. 569; XXI. ALIMENTA, Trajan's, for poor and orphan ALEXIS, Greek poet, 1. 501.

309.

children, xxIII. 504. czar of Russia, XXI. 96.

ALGIERS, town, Algeria, 1. 570 ; cap- ALIMENTARY CANAL, VII. 221; XVII. son of Peter the Great, XVIII. 699. tivity of Cervantes at, v. 350; conquest 668; in mammals, xv. 362.

Wilibald, German novelist, XI. of, by the Turks, XXIII. 643; observa- ALIMENTARY SYSTEM, of birds, 111. 725; 479. tory at, XVII. 716.

of reptiles, XX. 457. ALEXIUS I., Comnenus, Byzantine ALGIN, mucilage, XVII. 12.

ALIMENTIVENESS, in phrenology, XVIII. emperor, l. 501; his relations with the Algoa BAY, Cape Colony, 1. 570.

845. crusaders, VI. 625.

ALGODONITE, mineral, xvi. 393. ALIMONY, in English law, 1. 576. emperor of Trebizond, xxIII. 533. ALGOMA, district, Ontario, Canada, XVII. ALI MURAD, Persian khan, XVIII. 644. ALFANI, Domenico, Italian painter, I.

ALI-OLLAHIS, community of Kurds, xiv. 501. ALGONQUINS, American Indians, 1. 688,

158. AL-FARABI, Arabian philosopher, I. 501; 690; XII. 827.

ALISCANS, French chanson, IX. 638. II. 267. ALGORITHM, XVII. 626.

ALISMA, genus of plants, xix. 176. ALFEEYAH, Arab grammar, II. 265. ALGUM, incense, XII. 718; tree, 1, 596. ALISON, Archibald, Scottish divine, i. AL-FEZI (Riph), Jewish rabbi, XX. ALHAGI MANNA, XV. 493.

576; on the principles of taste, 1. 223. 566.

AL-HAKAM, emir of Cordova, XXII. Sir Archibald, historian, I. 577. ALFIERI, Vittorio, Italian poet, 1. 502; 310.

William P., Scottish physician, xv. VII, 417; XIII. 513.

II., caliph of Cordova, XXII. 313.

817. ALFÖLD, plain, Hungary, XII. 361. ALHAMA, town, Granada, Spain, I. 570. ALIZARIN, colouring matter, l. 577; IV. ALFONSO. See Alphonso.

, town, Murcia, Spain, I. 570;

687; XV. 176. ALFORD, Henry, dean of Canterbury, I. mineral spring at, XVII. 51.

ALKALI, in chemistry, 1. 578; volatile, 503. ALHAMBRA, palace, Granada, Spain, I.

I. 741. ALFRED, the Great, English king, I. 570; architecture of, 11. 447; wall- ALKALIES, Metals of the, v. 524; their 506; VIII. 283, 285; his translation of decorations of, XVII. 36.

spectra, XXII. 375. Cædmon's poems, IV.630; his influence ALHASAN IBN-MOHAMMED ABWAZZAN ALKALINE DEVELOPER, in photography, on English literature, VIII. 404.

ALFASI (Leo Africanus), traveller, Xiv. XVIII. 826. CROQUIS, nom-de-crayon of D. 453.

ALKALINE PHOSPHATES, XVIII. 819. Maclise, painter, xv. 165.

ALHAZEN, Arabian mathematician, 1. ALKALINE SPRINGS, XVI. 435. JEWEL, Enamelling of, VIII. 183. 572; on optics, XIV. 578.

ALKALINITY, of sea-water, XXI. 612. ALFWOLD, Northumbrian king, XVII. ALHUCEMAS, bay and islets, Morocco, ALKALOIDS, in chemistry, 1. 578; natu570. XVI. 830.

ral, or native, v. 576; XVII. 520; vegeALGÆ, order of plants, I. 507; XXIV. 125; | Ali, caliph, 1. 572; XVI. 548, 563, 566,

table waste-products, XIX. 53. their relations to Fungi, 111. 692; IX. 592; XXII. 663; shrine of, at Meshed- ALKAMA, Arabic poet, XVI. 537834; to lichens, xiv. 556; as para Ali, XVI. 46; house of, XVI. 574, 579, ALKANET, plant, l. 578. sitic plants, XVIII. 266; reproduction of, 584.

AL-KANTARA, town, Morocco, XVI. 832.

776.

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AL-KHARIZMI, Arabian mathematician, ALLENTOWN, town, Pennsylvania, ALLSPICE, or Pimento, XIX. 97; XVIII.
XVII. 626.
U.S.A., I. 583.

517. AL-KINDI, or Alkindius, Arabian philo- ALLESTRY, or Allestree, Richard, English ALLSTEDT, district, Germany, XXI. 349. sopher, I. 578; II. 267.

Royalist, I. 583.

ALLSTON, Washington, American painter ALKMAAR, town, Netherlands, 1. 578. ALLEYN, Edward, founder of Dulwich and poet, I. 588, 722.

Heinrik von, German satirist, I. College, London, I. 583; VII. 520. ALL THE TALENTS, English ministry 578.

Thomas, English mathematician, of, vill. 363. ALKOSH, Mesopotamia, Nahum's tomb 1. 583.

ALLUCINGOLI, Ubaldo (Pope Lucius at, XVII. 165. ALL FOOL'S DAY, II. 214.

III.), xv. 48. ALKYLAMINES, in chemistry, XVII. 519. ALLGAU, district, Bavaria, I. 510. ALLUVIAL DEPOSITS, X. 365; XII. 62, ALLADA, towns, Dahomey, Africa, VI. ALLGEMEINE ZEITUNG, German news

504, 736. 766.

paper, Vi. 480; XVII. 428.

ALLUVION, Law in regard to, XX. 565. ALLAH, Arabian name of God, I. 578; ALL-HALLOws, or Allhallowtide, fes- ALLUVIUM, land made up of sediment, XVI. 546. tival, 1. 578; XIII. 245.

1. 589. ALLAHABAD, division, district, and town, ALLIA, Battle of (390 B.C.), xx. 740. ALLYGHUR, or Aligarh, India, 1. 576. British India, 1. 578; XVII. 572. ALLIANCE, I. 585.

ALLYN, William, cardinal, 1. 441. ALLAH-DAGH, mountains, Transcaspian The Holy (1815), ix. 619.

ALMA, river, Russia, I. 589; battle of Region, Russia, XXIII. 511.

DES TROIS COTILLONS (1756), 1x. the (1854), I. 589. ALLAH-UD-DIN KHILJI, sultan of Delhi, 588.

DAGH, mountains, Syria, XXII. XII. 793.

ALLIER, department, France, 1. 585. 821. ALLAMAND, Jean Nicolas Sebastian, river, France, I. 585; XX. 119. ALMADEN, town, Spain, I. 589. natural philosopher, 1. 579.

ALLIGATOR, reptile, I. 585; VI. 594; ALMAGEST, Ptolemy'sastronomical work, ALLAN, David, Scottish painter, I. 580. XX. 446.

1. 589; XX. 87; II. 750; X. 177. Sir William, Scottish painter, l. river, South Australia, XXII. 284. ALMAGRO, town, Spain, I. 589. 580. LEATHER, XIV. 389.

Diego d', Spanish commander, I. ALLANITE, mineral, XVI. 409.

PEPPER, XVIII. 517.

589; XVIII. 677. ALLANTOIS, of mammals, xv. 369.

TERRAPIN, tortoise, XXIII. 458. ALMAI, singing girls of Egypt, I. 592. ALLAS, mountain, Timor, Indian Archi- ALLINGTON CASTLE, Kent, England, ALMALI, town, Asiatic Turkey, 1. 589. pelago, XXIII. 397.

XIV. 40.

AL-MAMUN, caliph, l. 589; XVI. 582. ALLASCH, liqueur, xiv. 687. ALLIS SHAD, fish, XXI. 726.

ALMANAC, I. 590. ALLEGHANY, Virginia, U.S.A., mineral ALLITERATION, I. 585.

Nautical, xvii. 260. water of, xvi. 436.

ALLITERATIVE CONCORD, in philology, ALMANACH DE GOTHA, I. 592. river, United States, I. 580.

XIII. 820; XVIII. 780; XXIV. 827. ALMANACK, Poor Richard's, I. 721; IX. MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., I. 580, 678; ALLIUM, genus of plants, X. 81; XIV. 712. XVIII. 499; XXIII. 795; birds of the, 409.

ALMANSA, or Almanza, town, Spain, I. III. 751.

ALLIX, Pierre, French divine, 1. 586. 592; battle of (1707), Ix. 582. ALLEGHENY,

town, Pennsylvania, ALLMAN, G. J., on Polyzoa, XIX. 431; ALMANSOR, Moorish ruler in Spain, U.S.A., I. 580; XIX. 150; observatory on Protozoa, xix. 860.

XV. 500; XXII. 314. at, XVII. 715. ALLOA, town, Scotland, I. 586.

AL-MANSUR, or Almanzor, MohamALLEGIANCE, in law, 1. 580; in relation ALLODIUM, in land tenure, 1. 587. medan princes, XV. 500.

to domicile, VII. 351; oath of, 1. 580; | ALLOIOCELA, tribe of worms, xix. 172, ALMATY, town, Central Asia, XXIV. XVII. 701. 174.

303. ALLEGORICAL INTERPRETATION, of ALLOMORPHITE, mineral, XVI. 400. ALME, singing girls of Egypt, l. 592. Scripture, XI. 743.

ALLOPALLADIUM, mineral, xvi. 383. ALMEIDA, town, Portugal, 1. 592. ALLEGORIES, of the Physiologus, xix. 6. ALLOPHANE, mineral, XVI. 424.

Francisco de, viceroy of Portuguese ALLEGORY, I. 581; VIII. 837. ALLOLOBOPHORA, genus of worms,

India, 1. 592. ALLEGRA, daughter of Lord Byron, XXI. XXIV. 678.

ALMELO, town, Holland, xvIII. 78. 792.

ALLORI, Alessandro, Italian painter, I. ALMERIA, province and town, Spain, I. ALLEGRI, Antonio (Correggio), painter, 587.

593; XXII. 298. VI. 437; XXI. 437, 443.

Cristofano, Italian painter, I. ALMERY, in architecture, II. 459. Gregorio, Italian musician, I. 581. 587.

ALMOHADES, Mohammedan dynasty, I. ALLEINE, Joseph, English divine, I. ALLOTROPY, in chemistry, 1. 587. 593; in Spain, XXII. 316; in Tunis, 581.

ALLOWAY KIRK, Ayrshire, Scotland, XXIII. 621. Richard, English divine, 1. 582. III. 164.

AL-MOKANNA, Moslem impostor, XVI. ALLELUIA HYMNS, XII. 582. ALLOXAN, in chemistry, 1. 587.

580. ALLEMONTITE, mineral, xvi. 380. Alloy, I. 587; in coinage, XVI. 483, ALMON, John, political writer and ALLEN, Bog of, Ireland, 1. 582.

725.

publisher, I. 594. Ethan, American patriot, xxIII. Alloys, in assaying, 11. 724; fusing ALMOND, tree and fruit, 1. 594; XII. 269; 787.

point of, xx. 132; of gold, X. 750; of XVIII. 442. John, political writer, I. 583. mercury, xvi. 33; of platinum, xix. river, Scotland, xiv. 669. Ralph, inventor of cross-roads 191; of silver, XXII. 71.

ALMONDBURY, town, England, 1. 595. postal system, XIX. 565. ALL-SAINTS DAY, I. 578.

ALMONDELL HOUSE, Linlithgow, ScotThomas, English mathematician, ALLSOPP'S BREWERIES, Burton, Eng land, xiv. 670. I. 583.

land, iv. 572.

ALMOND NUT, XVII. 664. William, cardinal, 1. 441.

ALL SOULS COLLEGE, Oxford, xvIII. ALMOND OIL, XVII. 744; chemistry of, William, pianoforte maker, xix.

XXIV. 626. 75. ALL SOULS DAY, XVII. 606.

ALMONER, ecclesiastical officer, I. 595.

96.

XVIII. IOI.

XVII. 302.

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556.

ALMONRY, in architecture, II. 459. ALPHEN, Hieronymus van, Dutch | ALSTON, Charles, Scottish botanist, I. ALMORA, town, India, 1. 595.

writer, XII. 97

638; on the sexes of plants, iv. 82. ALMORAVIDES, Mohammedan dynasty, ALPHEUS, river, Greece, 1. 615; XVII. Mount, Vancouver Island, xxiv. I. 595, 565; XV. 525; XXII. 316. 765.

57. ALMQVIST, Karl Jonas Ludwig, Swed- ALPHONSINE Tables, in astronomy, 1. ALSTONIA GUM, XI. 339. ish writer, I. 596; XXII. 757.

617.

ALSTONITE, mineral, xvi. 398. ALMs, in early church, XVIII. 422. ALPHONSO, or Alfonso, I., king of ALSTON MOOR, town, England, 1. 476. ALMSGIVING, in relation to poor laws, Aragon, 1. 617; XXII. 316.

ALSTROEMER, Jonas, Swedish indusXIX. 463.

II., of Aragon, I. 618; XXII. 316. trial reformer, 1. 638. ALMSHOUSES, English, XIX. 465.

III., of Aragon, 1. 618; XXII. 322. ALT, river, Transylvania, I. 638. ALMUCE, church vestment, VI. 463.

IV., of Aragon, l. 618; XXII. 323. ALTAI MOUNTAINS, Siberia, I. 638; II. ALMUG TREE, of Scripture, 1. 596.

· V., of Aragon (I. of Sicily), l. 618; 686; XXII. 2; XXIII. 438. ALMUNECAR, town, Spain, I. 596.

XIII. 478 ; XXII. 324.

ALTAITE, mineral, XVI. 391. AL-NAHR (Oxus), river, Central Asia, I.-III., kings of the Asturias, I. ALTAMAHA, river, Georgia, U.S.A., X. 615; XXII. 311.

434. AL-NASIRA (Nazareth), town, Palestine, IV., king of Leon, 1.615.

ALTAMURA, town, Italy, I. 638.
V., of Leon, I. 615; XXII. 312.

ALTAN KHAN, Mongol chief, XVI. 744. ALNE, river, England, XVII. 565.

VI., king of Castile, I. 615; XXII. ALTAR, I. 638. ALNWICK, town, England, 1. 596; XVII. 316 ; XIX. 539.

ALTAR-WORSHIP, XXIII. 165. 567, 568.

VII., of Castile, 1. 616; XIX. 540; ALTAZIMUTH THEODOLITE, X. 165. ALOD, or Alodium, in land tenure, 1. XXII. 316.

ALTDORF, town, Switzerland, 1. 642; 587; IX. 120.

VIII., of Castile, 1. 617; XXII. 317. XXIV. II. ALOE, plant, I. 597; XII. 262; incense, IX., king of Leon, l. 616; XXII. Bavaria, University of, xxIII. 845, xii. 718. 317.

848. ALOIDÆ, or Aloiadæ, in Greek legend, X., the Wise, king of Castile, 1. ALTDORFER, Albrecht, German painter, 1. 597 616; XXII. 318.

1. 642. ALOIN, bitter principle in plants, xix. XI., of Castile, 1. 617 ; XXII. 319. ALTEN, river, Norway, XVII. 576. 53.

XII., king of Spain, XXII. 346. ALTENBURG, town, Germany, I. 642; ALOMBRADOS, Spanish mystics, XII. 706. I.-IV., princes of Este, VIII. 559. XXI. 347 ALOMPRA, Burmese king, l. 597; IV. I.-VI., kings of Portugal, l. 618. ALTEN OETTING, town, Bavaria, 1. 642.

See also Affonso.

ALTENSTEIN, castle, Saxe-Meiningen, ALONZO, kings of Spain and Portugal, I. DE CARTAGENA, Spanish historian, Germany, 1. 642. 615. See Alphonso.

1. 619.

ALTERNATION OF GENERATIONS, III. ALOPECIA, skin disease, XXII. 121. ALPHONSUS A SANCTA MARIA, Spanish 687; IV. 159; XIII. 146; XX. 429. ALOPECIAS, genus of sharks, XXI. 777. historian, I. 619.

ALTHÆA ROSEA, species of plants, XII. ALOST, town, Belgium, I. 597.

ALPINI, Prospero, Italian physician and ALOURIE, town, West Africa, XII. 710. botanist, 1. 619.

AL-THING, parliament of Iceland, XII. ALP, mountain pasture, 1. 620, 632. ALPINIA, genus of plants, X. 17.

618, 621. ALPACA, wool-bearing animal, 1. 597; ALPNACHERSEE, Lake of Lucerne, ALTHORP, Lord (Earl Spencer), English IV. 12; XIV. 740; relation of domesti Switzerland, xv. 41.

statesman, XXII. 391. cated to wild forms, IV. 251.

ALPs, the, 1. 619 ; geological structure ALTIERI, Emilio (Pope Clement X.), v. ALPARSLAN, Seljuk sultan, l. 598; of, x. 371, 373 ; Hannibal's passage 822.

XVI. 44, 588; xx. 730; XXI. 634. of, xi. 441; XX. 749; heights of, Altin, lake, Siberia, 1. 642.
ALPE DI SUCCISA, Apennines, Italy, compared with the Himalayas, XI. ALTING, Heinrich, German theologian,
XIII. 437.

826; Saussure's observations on, XXI. I. 642. ALPEN-HORN, trumpet, XXIII. 593.

324; Southern, XIII. 434; Styrian, Jacob, German theologian, I. 642. ALPES, three departments (Basses, XXII. 614; Swiss, XXII. 776, 779. ALTIONOS (Tours), ancient town, France, Hautes, Maritimes), France, I. 599. ALPUJARRAS, or Alpuxaras, district,

XXIII. 491. ALPHA AND OMEGA, I. 599.

Spain, I. 636.

ALTIS, in ancient Olympia, XVII. 766, ALPHABET, 1. 600; letters of, as numerals, | ALRED, archbishop of York, 1. 475. 768.

XVII.625; characters in ancient inscrip- ALREDUS, early English historian, 1. ALTITUDES, Geodesic determination of, tions, XIII. 114; Celtiberian, XII. 605; 636.

X. 171; meridian, xvII. 269; deterdeaf and dumb, VII. 8; Egyptian, xi. ALRESFORD, New, town, England, 1.636. mination of, in surveying, XXII. 707, 807; early Greek, XII. 112 ; Hebrew, AL-Russ, town, Arabia, XVII. 774.

711. XI. 597; hieroglyphic, XI. 796; A. J. ALSACE, province, Germany, I. 636; ALTMARK, district, Prussian Saxony, Ellis's palaeotype, XXII. 381, 385; ceded to Spain, XXII. 330; annexed to

XXI. 359. Phænician, Xi. 807; XVIII. 802, 806; France (1675), 1x. 577; X. 502; re ALTO DOURO, Portugal, wine industry phonetic, XVIII. 812; XXII. 39; phono stored to Germany (1871), IX. 627; X. of, xvII. 795; XXIV. 607. graphic, XXI. 836; Roman, XIII. 125; 513

ALTOETTING, town, Bavaria, 1. 642. Sabæan, xxiv. 740; Sanskrit, xxi. ALSEN, island, Schleswig-Holstein, 1. ALTOFTS, parish, Yorkshire, England, 270. 637; XXI. 414.

XVII. 552.
ALPHÆUS, father of the apostle James, ALSOP, Vincent, Puritan divine, 1. 637. Alton, town, England, 1. 642.
XIII. 552.

ALSOPHILA, genus of tree-ferns, xxIII. town, Illinois, U.S.A., I. 643. ALPHARABIUS (Al-Farabi), Arabian 534.

LOCKE, Kingsley's novel, xiv. 88. philosopher, 11. 267.

ALSTED, Johann Heinrich, German ALTONA, town, Schleswig-Holstein, I. AL-PHASI (Riph), Jewish rabbi and author, 1. 637; his Encyclopædia, VIII. 643; XI. 404; XX. 16; XXI. 415; Talmudist, XX. 566. 193.

observatory at, XVII. 712.

102.

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ALTOONA, town, Pennsylvania, 1. 643. AMAGAT, E. H. M., his experiments on | AMA-Xosas, race, South Africa, XIII.
ALTO ORINOCO, territory, Venezuela, pressure of gases, XV. 495; XIX. 242. 819.
XXIV. 140.

AMAGER, or Amak, island, Denmark, 1. AMAZON, or Amazons, river, South ALTORF, town, Switzerland, 1.642; 651; VI. 343.

America, I. 654, 674; IV. 221; birds XXII. 778.

AMALABERGA, Frankish queen, X. 476. of, 111. 746. ALTO-Rilievo, in sculpture, 1. 643; the AMALARIC, Gothic chief, X. 851. AMAZONAS, territory, Venezuela, xxiv. largest in the world, I. 509.

AMALASONTHA, daughter of Theodoric, 140. ALTRINGHAM, town, England, 1. 643. 1. 651; X. 851; XXIII. 257.

AMAZONS, female warriors, 1. 655; XXI. ALTRUISM, in Comtist system, VI. AMALEKITES, of Scripture, 1. 651; XVIII. 310; of Dahomey, vi. 767. 237

175.

AMAZON-STONE, mineral, XI. 48; XVI. ALTVATER, mountain, Moravia, XVI. AMALFI, town, Italy, 1. 652.

419. 810; XXII. 53.

AMALGAM, mercurial alloy, 1. 652; XVI. AMA-ZULU RACE, South Africa, XIII. ALUCO, genus of birds, xvIII. 91.

33; mineral, xvi. 382.

818; XVII. 319; XXIV. 828. ALUM, chemical salt, 1. 643; mineral, AMALGAMATION, of metals, XVI. 58; of AMBALA, division, district, and town, XVI. 402.

gold, x. 747; of silver, XXII. 69. British India, I. 655; XX. 109. ALUMAT, king of Persia, xvIII. 633. AMALGAM-WORK, Japanese, XIII. 591. AMBARAWA, town, Java, XIII. 606. ALUMBAGH, enclosure, Lucknow, 1. 647. AMALIA, Anna, duchess of Saxe-Weimar, AMBARVALIA, Roman festival, 1. 656; ALUMINITE, mineral, 1. 645; XVI. 401. 1. 652; X. 728.

XV. 570. ALUMINIUM, chemical element, 1. 647; AMALRIC, or Amaury, king of Jerusalem, AMBASSADOR, 1. 657; his position and V. 532; first isolated by Wöhler, xxiv. VII. 752; XXIII. 161.

rights, XIII. 193. 627'; ores of, xvi. 58; spectrum of, or Amalrich, of Bena, mystic, 1 AMBATO, town ador, 1. 659.XXII. 377; sulphate of, XXII. 637. 652; XVII. 132; XXI. 426.

AMBER, I. 659; XVI. 428; XX. 143; BRONZE, IV. 367.

AMALRICANS, sect of the Free Spiri electric properties of, viii. 3; PhæALUNITE, mineral, XVI. 402.

XVII. 132.

nician, xvIII. 806. ALUNOGENE, mineral, 1. 645; XVI. 401. AMALRICH of Bena, mystic, l. 652; Liquid, liquidambar, XIV. 687. ALURED, early English historian, I. XVII. 132; XXI. 426.

AMBERBAKI, Papuan tribe, XVII. 388. 636, 425.

AMALTEO, Italian family, I. 652. AMBERG, town, Bavaria, 1. 660. ALUTA, river, Transylvania, 1. 638; Pomponio, Venetian painter, 1. 652. AMBERGRIS, concretion in sperm whale, XXIII. 521.

AMANA (Abana), river of Scripture, 1. 660; xv. 396; XXIV. 525; ALVA, village, Scotland, 1. 647; XXII. Syria, XIV. 394.

perfume, xvIII. 526. 554.

COMMUNITY, communistic society, AMBERNO, river, New Guinea, XVII. Duke of, Spanish general, 1. 647; U.S.A., VI. 216.

386. XVIII. 744; in Holland, XII. 75. AMANCAES, Peruvian lily, xvIII. 670. AMBERT, town, France, I. 661; XX. 120. ALVARADO, Pedro de, Spanish dis- AMAPALA, port, Honduras, XII. 130. AMBLESIDE, town, England, I. 661; coverer, 1. 648.

AMAR, Asiatic people, in Egyptian litera XXIV. 516. ALVAREZ, Francisco, Portuguese tra ture, l. 747

AMBLETEUSE, town, France, I. 661. veller, 1. 648. AMARANTH, 1. 653.

AMBLYCEPHALIDÆ, family of snakes, José, Spanish sculptor, 1. 649. AMARAPURA, or Ummerapoora, town,

XXII. 193. Manuel, Spanish sculptor, I. 649. Burmah, 1. 653; III. 144.

AMBLYGONITE, mineral, xvi. 408. ALVARO DE LUNA, Spanish minister, AMARA SINHA, Sanskrit writer, 1. 652. AMBLYOPIA, eye disease, XVII. 784. XXII. 321.

AMAR DAs, Sikh ruler, India, XX. 110. AMBLYOPSIS SPELÆUS, blind fish, xv. ALVEOLAR SARCOMA, disease, XVIII. AMARGOSA, river, Nevada, U.S.A., XVII. 450. 369.

367.

AMBLYPODA, suborder of ungulate mamALWAR, state, India, I. 649; XX. 260. AMARYLLIS, plant, XII. 265.

mals, XV. 426. Alwin, Henry Fitz, first mayor of Lon- AMARYNTHOS, Amphictyony of, 1. 773. AMBLYRHYNCHUS, genus of reptiles, don, XIV. 844. AMASIA, or Amasiayah, town, Turkey in

XX. 453. ALYATTES, Lydian king, xv. 100; XXII. Asia, 1. 653; XIX. 459.

AMBLYSTEGITE, mineral, xvi. 415. 186; his tomb, near Sardis, II. 401; AMASIS, king of Egypt, I. 653; IV. 733; | AMBLYSTOMA, metamorphosed siredon xv. 98. VII. 743; XIX. 417.

(amphibian), 1. 760; XXII. 96. ALYPIUS, Greek writer on music, I. 649. AMASTRIS, Persian princess, XV. 119. AMBO, reading desk, 1. 661. of Antioch, geographer, 1. 649.

ancient town, Paphlagonia, xvIII. AMBOHIMANGA, town, Madagascar, xv. ALYTH, town, Scotland, I. 649; XVIII. 227.

175. 667.

AMAT, Felix, Spanish historian, I. 653. AMBOISE, town, France, 1. 661. AMADAVAT, bird, XXIV. 463.

Amati, family of violin makers, I. 654; Cardinal, tomb of, at Rouen, XXI. AMADEUS I.-IV., counts of Savoy, XXI. XVII, 98; XXIV. 245.

13. 339.

AMATITLAN, lake and town, Guatemala, AMBON, reading desk, 1. 661. V., of Savoy, I. 650; XXI. 341. 1. 654; XI. 239.

AMBOYNA, island and town, Moluccas, I. VI., VII., of Savoy, XXI. 341. AMATIVENESS, in phrenology, XVIII. 661. VIII., duke of Savoy (Felix V., 844.

AMBRA, poem by Lorenzo dei Medici, antipope), 1. 650; XIX. 503; XXI. 341. AMAURI, or Amalric, of Bena, mystic, 1. XV. 786. IX., duke of Savoy, XXI. 341. 652; XVII. 132; XXI. 426.

AMBRACIA, ancient town, Epirus, I. 661. of Aosta, king of Spain, XXII. 346. AMAUROSIS, disease of the eye, I. 654; AMBREIN, constituent of ambergris, 1. A-MADI, African nation, XVII. 473. XVII. 784.

660. AMADIS OF Gaul, Spanish romance, AMAURY, or Amalric, king of Jerusalem, | AMBRIZIANS, tribe, Congo, VI. 267. 1. 650; 1X. 653; XX. 653; XXII. 355. VII. 752; XXIII. 161.

AMBRO, Cape, Madagascar, xv. 168. AMADIS OF GREECE, romance, xx. 655. AMAXICHI, or Amaxikhi, town, Ionian AMBROGINI, Angelo (Politian), Italian AMADOU, fungus, I. 650.

Islands, 1. 654; XXI. 297.

scholar and poet, XIX. 345; XX. 384.

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