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202.

IX. 33.

IX. 42.

FALLING SICKNESS, disease, vill. 479. FARADAY, Michael, English physicist, FARNESE, Alessandro (Pope Paul III.), FALLMERAYER, Jakob Philipp, German IX. 29; his contributions to chemistry, XVIII. 430; XIX. 504.

ethnologist and historian, ix. 16. V. 467; to electrical science, VIII. II, Alessandro, of Parma, governor of FALL OF PRINCES, Lydgate's poem, xv. 36, 61, 107, III; to magnetism, III. Low Countries, IX. 37; XII. 77. 98.

64; XV. 244; his law of electrolytes, Elizabeth, wife of Philip V. of FALLOPIUS, or Fallopio, Gabriello,

VIII, 107.

Spain, ix. 38; XVIII. 746; XXII. 337. Italian anatomist, IX. 16; 1. 809. FARAFREH, oasis, Africa, XVII. 695.

Ottavio, duke of Parma, ix. 36; FALLOW DEER, VII. 24. FARAJ, Mohammed ibn, Moslem ini

XV. 537 FALLOWING, in agriculture, 1. 337. postor, XVI. 585.

Pierluigi, duke of Parma and PiaFALL RIVER, town, Massachusetts, FARALADI, Mohammed, Persian min cenza, ix. 36. U.S.A., IX. 16. strel, xvIII. 656.

Ranuccio, duke of Parma, IX. 36. FALMOUTH, town, England, 1x. 17. FARBENLEHRE, Goethe's work, x. 734. PALACE, Rome, II. 438, 441; XVI. FALSE Point, harbour, Orissa, India, FARCY, horse disease, x. 634; xxiv. 235; XXI. 265. IX. 17.

TAZZA, onyx vessel, XVII. 777. FALSE PROPHET, Lucian's dialogue, xv. FAREHAM, town, England, ix. 32 FARNHAM, town, England, ix. 39; XXII. 45.

FAREL, Guillaume, French Reformer, IX. 694. FALSTER, island, Denmark, ix. 17.

32; XX. 332; XXII. 790; his relations FARO, town, Portugal, ix. 39. FALTERONA, Monte, mountain, Italy, with Calvin, IV. 716.

FAROE ISLANDS, North Sea, IX. 39; VII. XIII. 437 FARGITE, mineral, XVI. 423.

83; XVII. 592; whirlpools of, xxiv. FALUDI, Francis, Hungarian writer, XII. FARIA Y SOUSA, Manoel de, Portuguese 542. 376.

historian and poet, ix. 32; XIX. 557.

FAROELITE, mineral, XVI. 424. FALUN, town, Sweden, ix. 17.

FARID-EDDIN ABDALLAH (Rudagi), FARQUHAR, George, English dramatist, FAMAGOSTA, town, Cyprus, VI. 748. Persian poet, XXI. 49; XVIII. 658. IX. 40; VII. 436. FAMAKA, town, East Central Africa, xxi. FARIDKOT, state, North-Western India, Sir Robert, English governor, 658.

Mauritius, xv. 641. FAMATINITE, mineral, xvi. 396. FARIDPUR, district, British India, ix. FARRAGUT, David Glascoe, American FAMILISTS, Christian sect, vi. 844.

33.

admiral, ix. 41. FAMILY, IX. 17; development of, viii. FARID-UDDIN-ATTAR, Persian mystic FARRAH, town, Afghanistan, I. 230; 618; legal theories of, xiv. 364; in poet, ix. 89; XVIII. 658.

river, I. 229. Roman law, xx. 671, 674, 688, 706, FARINA, town, Tunis, IX. 34.

FARRAKHABAD, district and town, India, 712.

Giovanni Maria, first manufacturer COMPACT, of House of Bourbon of eau de Cologne, VII. 616.

FARRANT, Richard, English musical (1733), XXII. 338; renewal of (1743), Giuseppe la, Italian writer and

composer, IX. 43. XXII. 339; third compact (1761), v. politician, XIV. 201.

FARS, or Farsistan, province, Persia, ix. 681; ix. 590; XXII. 340; renewed FARINACCIUS,

infliction of

43. (1796), XXII. 343.

torture, XXIII. 466.

FARTHINGALE, in costume, VI. 472. FAMINE FEVER, XXIII. 680.

FARINATO, Paolo, Italian painter and FARTHINGS, Queen Anne's, xvII. 656. FAMINES, IX. 24; in Cape Verd Islands, architect, IX. 34.

FAs, in Roman law, XX. 670. V. 51; in India, XII. 766, 811; in Ire- FARINELLI (Carlo Broschi), Italian FASANI, Raniero, Italian writer, XIII. land, XIII. 269, 270, 272; emigration singer, IX. 34; influence of, at Spanish

500. affected by, viII. 173; how affected by court, 1x. 83; friend of Metastasio, XVI. FASANO, town, Italy, IX. 43. the corn-laws, VI. 413.

104; his range of voice, XXIV. 275. FASCINATION, Magical, xv. 202. FAN, IX. 27; Chinese, v. 639.

FARINERIUS, William, general of Fran- FASCIOLA HEPATICA, liver-fluke, XXIII. FANAL SIDÉRAL LIGHT, for lighthouses, ciscans, XVII. 717.

535; XXIV. 205. xiv. 619.

FARINI, Luigi Carlo, Italian physician, FASHODO, town, on the Nile, Africa, FANARIOTE PRINCES, of Walachia, XXI. statesman, and historian, IX. 34.

XVII. 507 18, 20.

FARISAN ARCHIPELAGO, Red Sea, xx. FASSAITE, mineral, XVI. 416. FANDANGO, bird, xv. 455.

FASTI, Roman calendars and chronicles, FANEUIL HALL, Boston, Massachusetts, | FARM BUILDINGS, I. 308. U.S.A., IV. 76.

FARMER, Hugh, English theologian, ix. Ovid's, xvIII. 81. FANNIAN LAW, Roman, XXII. 644.

35.

FASTING, religious discipline, IX. 44; FANO, town, Italy, ix. 28.

Richard, Shakespearean commen XVIII. 484.
FANS, tribe, West Coast, Africa, X. 3; tator, IX. 35.

Claus, Danish poet, IX. 49.
XVII. 473.
FARMERS, Education of, 1. 408.

FASTNET Rock, Ireland, xIII. 216. FANSHAWE, Sir Richard, English poet FARMING, Large and Small, 1. 411. Fat, in anatomy, l. 851; in pathology, and statesman, ix. 28.

IMPLEMENTS, I. 311.

XVIII. 389. See Fats. FANTI, Italian article of food, xv. 125. FARM LABOURERS, I. 408.

FATE, in philosophy and theology, xix. (or FANTEE) TRIBE AND LAN FARM MANAGEMENT, of cattle, I. 389; 668. GUAGE, Gold Coast, Africa, 11. 681; X. of horses, I. 386; of sheep, I. 391. FATES, in classical mythology, 1X. 49. 756. FARMS, Extent of, 1. 406.

Fath Ali, shah of Persia, XVIII. 647. FANTOCCINI, or Marionettes, XV. 546. Small, Advantages of, xiv. 268. FATHER AND CHILD, in law, I. 13. FANUM FORTUNÆ, ancient town, Italy, FARNABIE, or Farnaby, Thomas, English FATHERS, Apostolic, II. 195. IX. 28. schoolmaster, ix. 34.

OF CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE, monFARABI, Al, Arab writer on music, XVI. FARNE ISLANDS, off Northumberland, astic order, XVI. 712. 596. England, xvII. 565.

OF THE CHURCH, IX. 49. FARAD, electrical unit of measurement, FARNESE, noble Italian family, ix. 36; FATHI MUHAMMAD, ruler of Cutch, Vi. XXIII, 116. XIII. 482.

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FATHIPUR, district and town, India, ix. | FAVRE, his researches in law of energy | FEDDERSEN, on electrical discharges, 50. in electricity, viii. 89.

VIII. 65. SIKRI, town, India, 1x. 51. Favus, disease, XVIII. 269; Schönlein's FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, IX. 61; XI. FATIHA, Lord's Prayer of the Koran, discovery in relation to, xv. 817. 20; in Switzerland, XXII. 795; in XVI. 603

FAWCETT, Henry, English economist, United States, XXIII. 749. FATIMA, daughter of Mohammed, ix. his postal reforms, XIX. 570; his manual FEDERICI, Camillo, Italian dramatist, 51; XVI. 546. of political economy, XIX. 399.

IX. 63. FATIMITES, Moslem dynasty, XVI. 587, FAWKES, Francis, English poet, IX. 57. FEDKOVICH, Yuri, Russian poet, XXI.

594; II. 259, 722; VII. 750; XXIII. 620. Guy, Gunpowder Plot conspirator, FATIO DE DUILLIER, on the invention

FEDLIMID, king of Munster, XIII. 252. of the calculus, XIII. 9.

of Farnley Hall, friend of Turner, FEE, in English law, ix. 63. FATLINGS, Offerings of, XVIII. 343. XXIII. 664.

FEEDING STUFFS, their value FATOUHIVA, island, Marquesas, Pacific, FAWKNER, John Pascoe, colonizer of manure, XV. 511. XV. 564.

Victoria, Australia, XXIV. 218. FEEJEE (or FIJI) ISLANDS, Pacific, 1X. FATRA, Mohammedan doctrine of, xvi. Fay, Andras, Hungarian poet, IX. 59; 155; XV. 835. 548.

XII. 377

FEELING, in psychology, XX. 40, 66, 74. Fats, oils, XVII. 739, 743; vegetable, FAYAL, island, Azores, III. 172.

Sense of, XXIII. 478; in mammals, XVII. 744, 746; XIX. 53. FAYALITE, mineral, XVI. 410.

XV. 367; nerves of, 1. 897. FATSISIO, Island, Japan, XIII. 569. FAYE'S COMET, VI. 192.

FEET, of mammals, XV. 360. FATTEH KHAN, Afghan king, I. 239. FAYETTEVILLE, town, North Carolina, WASHING, Maundy Thursday rite, FATTORE, IL (Gianfrancesco Penni),

U.S.A., IX. 59.

xv. 635. Italian painter, XVIII. 498.

FAYOUM, district and lake, Egypt, vii. FEGATELLA, genus of liverworts, XVII. FATTY DEGENERATION, disease, xvIII. 774; labyrinth of, 11. 387; VII. 774. 67. 390; of the heart, XI. 554. Fays, or Fairies, Vill. 854.

FEHLING, H., his tests of sugar, XXII. FATWA, town, India, XVIII. 409. FAZIL AHMED, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 624. FAUCHER, Léon, French political econo 645.

FEHMARN, island, Schleswig-Holstein, mist, IX. 51. FAZIO DEGLI UBERTI, mediæval Italian

XXI. 414. FAUCHET, Claude, historian and anti poet, XIII. 505.

FEHMIC COURTS (Fehmgerichte), Gerquary (1530-1601), ix. 52.

FAZOKLO, town, East Central Africa, many, ix. 63; X. 495. 5 Claude, Abbé, Girondist (1744 XXI. 658.

FEHRBELLIN, Prussia, Battle of (1675), 1793), IX. 52. FEA, Carlo, Italian archæologist, IX.

XX. 7. FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND, Barthélemi, 59.

FEINAIGLE, Grégoire de, his system of French naturalist, IX. 52.

FEALTY, Oath of, in feudal system, xiv. mnemonics, XVI. 533. FAUJASITE, mineral, XVI. 421.

114; IX. 121; XII. 107.

FEIRAN, wady, Sinai, Arabia, XXII. 89. FAULEN, mountain, Switzerland, XXI. FEARNE, Charles, English jurist, IX. 59. FEITAMA, Sybrand, Dutch writer, ix. 465. FEAST-DAYS, IX. 113.

64; XII. 96. FAULTS, in rocks, X. 261, 301, 372; XVI. FEAST OF THE LEARNED (Deipnoso- FEITH, Rhijnvis, Dutch poet, ix. 64; 442. phistæ), Athenæus's work, II. 831.

XII. 97FAUN, in classical mythology, 1x. 53. FEASTS, Jewish, xvIII. 511; feast of the FEIYOOM, district and lake, Egypt, vii. FAURESMITH, village, Orange River passover, XVIII. 343, 511; of taber 774; labyrinth of, 11. 387; VII. 774. Free State, Africa, XVII. 813.

nacles, xxIII. 6; XVIII. 511; of un FEJÉR, Gyorgy, Hungarian writer, ix. FAURIEL, Charles Claude, French his leavened bread, xvIII. 343, 511; of 64. torian and critic, ix. 53.

weeks, XVIII. 511, 514.

FELDBERG, mountain, Black Forest, Faust, in mediæral legend, ix. 54. -, Sacrificial, XXI. 134.

Germany, XXIV. 700. Goethe's, X. 539, 733, 735.

FEATHERS, IX. 59; of birds, III. 727, FELDKIRCH, town, Vorarlberg, Austria, Spohr's opera, XXII. 411. 776; XVIII. 26; XXII. 107, 108.

IX. 65; XXIV. 297. FAUSTA, Roman princess, VI. 300. FEATHER-STARS, crinoid Echinoder- FELDON, district, Warwickshire, EngFAUSTINA, Annia, wife of Marcus

mata, VII. 635.

land, xxi. 739. Aurelius, iv. 54. FEBRILE DISEASES, XVIII. 394.

FELEGYHAZA, town, Hungary, IX. 65. Temple of, at Rome, II. 416; XX. FEBRONIUS,

Justinus (Hontheim), FÉLIBIEN, André, French architect and 820. writer on Gallican liberties, XII. 143;

historiographer, IX. 65. FAUSTUS, in mediæval legend, ix. 54.

Dom Michel, French historian, IX. Doctor, Marlowe's drama, xv. 556. FEBRUARY, month, ix. 61; XV. 66.

65. Johannes, German printer, XXIII. FÉCAMP, town, France, IX. 61; XXI. FELIDÆ, family of Carnivora, XV. 434. 684.

626.

FELINITE, mineral, xvi. 425. FAVARA, town, Sicily, IX. 56.

FECHNER, G. T., on æsthetics, I. 220; his FELINSKI, Aloysius, Polish dramatist, FAVART, Charles Simon, French drama metaphysical system, vill. 767. tist, IX. 56.

FECHNER’S LAW, in psycho-physics, FELIX I., pope, ix. 65. FAVENTIA (Faenza), ancient town, Italy, XXIV. 470; XVII. 104.

II., pope, ix. 66. VIII. 846.

FECKENHAM, or Fecknam, John de, III. (or II.), pope, ix. 66; xix. (Barcelona), ancient town, Spain, abbot of Westminster, IX. 61.

492. III. 368.

FECUNDATION, in biology, III. 686; IV. (or III.), pope, ix. 66. FAVERSHAM, town, England, ix. 56; of animal ovum, xx. 417; of plants, V. (or IV.), pope, I. 650; XIX. 503;

XXI. 341. FAVORINUS, Greek sophist, IX. 56. FEDAIS, or Assassins (q.v.), 11. 723.

of Urgel, Adoptianist, I. 163; XIV. FAVORITA, La, Donizetti's opera, vii. FEDCHENKO, Alexis Paulowitch, Rus 449. 364. sian naturalist, ix. 61.

of Valois, founder of order of

XIX. 507.

XIX. 303.

XIV. 39.

XX. 425.

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Trinitarians, ?X. 66; XVI. 709; XXIII. FENUGREEK, herb, ix. 76.

FERGUSON, Adam, Scottish philosopher 574.

FENWICK, John, Quaker settler in New and historian, ix. 86. FELIX, Antonius, procurator of Judæa, Jersey, xx. 152; his relations with James, English mechanist and IX. 66; XIII. 427. Penn, XVIII. 494.

astronomer, ix. 87. Elizabeth, French actress, XX. 203. FEODOR I., czar of Russia, XXI. 93. FERGUSONITE, mineral, XVI. 427; AND REGULA, Sts, Abbey of, II., czar of Russia, XXI. 95.

polarity of, xix. 313. Zurich, Switzerland, XXII. 781; XXIV. III., czar of Russia, XXI. 96. FERGUSSON, James, on the Holy 830.

FEOFFEE, in English law, XXIII. 596. Sepulchre, XXI. 671. MARTE DE HYRCANIA, romance, FEOFFMENT, in English law, IX. 77.

Robert, Scottish poet, IX. 87. XX. 659. FERBERITE, mineral, XVI. 403.

Sir William, surgeon, ix. 88. FELL, John, bishop of Oxford, ix. 66. FERDINAND, the name, IX. 77.

FERIÆ, Roman festivals, IX. 114; Margaret, English Quakeress, ix. I., emperor, ix. 77; X. 499; be Latinæ, XIII. 781. 501; XX. 148.

comes king of Hungary, III. 124; XII. FERID-EDDIN-ATHAR, Persian mystic FELLAHS, or Fellaheen, Moslem Egyp 369.

poet, IX. 89; XVIII. 658. tians, I. 266; VII. 723.

II., emperor, ix. 77; X. 500; his FERISHTA, Mohammed Kasim, Persian FELLATAHS, or Foulahs (q.v.), people, relations with Wallenstein, XXIV. 328. historian, ix. 89. Africa, I. 263.

III., emperor, 1x. 78; X. 502. FERMANAGH, county, Ireland, ix. 90; FELLENBERG, Philipp Emanuel von, I., king of Aragon and Sicily, ix. population and representation, XXIII. Swiss educationist, ix. 67. 80; II. 324.

727. FELLER, François Xavier de, Belgian II., of Aragon (V. of Castile), ix. FERMAT, Pierre de, French mathemawriter, ix. 67. 81; XXII. 325.

tician, IX. 91; on maxima and minima, FELLOWS, Sir Charles, English traveller

I., emperor of Austria, ix. 78; III. XIII. 7; on porisms, XIX. 520. and antiquary, ix. 67.

136; XII. 371.

FERMENTATION, IX. 91; in animal FELO DE SE, in law, ix. 68. See also duke of Brunswick, ix. 84; in the tissues, XXII. 680; in plants, XIX. 51; XXII. 629. Seven Years' War, ix. 589.

due to minute organisms, XXI. 407; FELON-GRASS, hellebore, XI. 635.

I., the Great, king of Castile, ix. in brewing, iv. 275; minor, in wineFELONY, in law, ix. 68; VI. 588.

80; XXII. 315.

making, xxiv, 602; Schwann's obserFELSPAR, mineral, X. 227; XI. 48; XVI. II., of Leon, ix. 80; XXII. 317. vations on, XXI. 460. 418.

III., St, of Castile and Leon, ix. FERMO, town, Italy, ix. 98. FELSTONE, rock, XI. 49.

81; XXII. 317.

FERMOR, Russian general, XXI. 99. FELT, fabric of matted fibres, ix. 68; IV., of Castile and Leon, ix. 81; FERMOY, town, Ireland, ix. 99. xxiv. 658; in hat industry, XI. 518.

XXII. 319.

FERN, plant, ix. 100. See Ferns. FELTHAM, Owen, English moralist, V., of Castile, ix. 81; XXII. 325; FERNAN CABALLERO (Cecilia Böhl von IX. 69.

his conquest of Naples, XIII. 481; Faber), Spanish novelist, VIII. 833. FELTON, John, assassin of Buckingham, Prescott's History of, xix. 702. FERNANDEZ, Alvaro, Portuguese exIV. 419.

VI., king of Spain, ix. 82; XXII. plorer, ix. 99. FELTRE, town, Italy, ix. 69. 339.

Diego, Spanish adventurer and Morto da, Italian painter, ix. 69. VII., of Spain, IX. 83; XXII. 345. historian, ix. 99. FELTRIA, ancient town, Italy, ix. 69.

I., king of Naples, IX. 78.

Joam, Portuguese traveller, IX. FELUP GROUP, of Negroes, XVII. 319. II., of Naples, IX. 78; XIII. 488. 99. FELWORT, plant, X. 160.

III., of Naples (V. of Castile), ix. Juan, Spanish adventurer, IX. 99. FEMMES SAVANTES, Les, Molière's play, 81; XXII. 325.

Juan, Spanish navigator, ix. 99. XVI. 629.

IV., of Naples (I. of Two Sicilies), FERNANDO DE NORONHA, islands, FEMUR, or Thigh-bone, Anatomy of the, IX. 78; XIII. 485; XXII. 29.

South Atlantic, ix. 99. 1. 829; of birds, III. 722.

king of Portugal, ix. 79; XIX. FERNANDO PO, island, West Africa, IX. FENCES, in agriculture, 1. 309. 543.

100; 1. 272; XXII. 298. FENCING, in gymnastics, IX. 69.

VI., VII., kings of Spain. See FERNEL, Jean François, French phyFÉNELON, Bertrand de Salignac, French under Ferdinands of Castile.

sician, IX. 100. diplomatist, IX. 72.

I., grand-duke of Tuscany, xv. 791. FERNEY, near Geneva (dep. Ain), Vol-François de Salignac, archbishop II., of Tuscany, XV. 792.

taire's residence, XXIV. 290. of Cambray, ix. 72, 662; his economic III., of Tuscany, ix. 84.

FERNOW, Karl Ludwig, German art teaching, xix. 359.

I., king of the Two Sicilies (IV. critic and archæologist, IX. 100. FENIANS, in early Irish history, ix. 74; of Naples), ix. 78; XIII. 485; XXII. FERNS, group of plants, IX. 100; XXIV. in recent history, XIII. 271. 29.

129; reproduction of, iv. 160; xx. FEN LAND, Reclamation of, 1. 404.

II., of the Two Sicilies, ix. 79; 423; stem in, iv. 106; as garden and FENN, Sir John, English antiquary, XIII. 488.

hot-house plants, XII. 267. XVIII. 344.

AND ISABELLA, Prescott's History FERN-TREE, XXIII. 534. FENNEL, plant, IX. 76; XII. 289.

of, xix. 702.

FEROE ISLANDS, or Faroe Islands (q.v.), FENNIANS, or Fenians, ix. 74; Fennian COUNT FATHOM, Smollett's novel, Norwegian Sea, ix. 39. tales, V. 311.

XXII. 184.

FEROZEPORE, district, India, ix. 241; FENs, Reclamation of, 1. 404; Bedford | FEREIRA, Antonio de Portuguese poet, XX. 109; town, IX. 241. level, England, III. 482; in Cam xix. 556.

FEROZESHAHR (Firoz-shahr),

India, bridgeshire, IV. 727; in Lincolnshire, FERENTINO (the ancient Ferentinum), Battle of (1845), xx. 112. XIV. 653; in Holland, xi1. 62.

town, Italy, ix. 84.

FERRAND, Comte, French statesman and FENTON, Elijah, English poet, ix. 76. FERENTO, town, Italy, ix. 85.

writer, ix. 107. Sir Geoffrey, English statesman FERGHANA, province, Russian Turke- FERRARA, town, Italy, 1x. 107; school and writer, ix. 76.

stan, ix. 85; XXII. 818; XXIII. 632. of painting of, XXI. 437, 443; sword

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IX. 109.

XIX. 41.

blades of, XXII. 803; university, XXIII. FESTUS, Sextus Pompeius, Latin gram Algeria, I. 565; used in paper-making, 837 marian, ix. 118.

XVIII. 225. FERRARA, Francesco, Italian economist, FETBOL, mineral, XVI. 425.

FIBRIN, albuminoid substance, ix. 133; XIX. 387.

FETICHISM, IX. 118; XV. 20; XX. 367. XX. 483. FERRARI, Lewis, Italian algebraist, 1. FÉTIs, François Joseph, Belgian writer FIBROFERRITE, mineral, xvi. 401. 513.

and musical composer, IX. 119.

FIBROIN, core of silk fibre, XXII. 61. GAUDENZIO, Italian painter, IX. FETLAR, island, Shetland, Scotland, FIBROLITE, mineral, XIII. 541; Xvi. 108. XVII. 846.

408. FERREIRA, Antonio, Portuguese poet, FETOHOUGO, island, Marquesas, Pacific, FIBROMA, disease, XVIII. 368.

XV. 564.

FIBROUS Tissue, in man, 1. 849; FERRET, albino variety of the polecat, FEU, in Scots law, ix. 119.

XII. 6. IX. 109; XV. 440; XIX. 331.

FEUCHTERSLEBEN, Edouard, Freiherr FIBULA, bone of leg, 1. 829; in birds, III. FERRETTI, Giovanni Maria Mastai von, Austrian medical writer, ix. 119. 723. (Pope Pius IX.), XIX. 156.

FEUDALISM, FEUDAL SYSTEM, IX. 119; FICHTE, Johann Gottlieb, German metaFERREUS, Scipio, Italian algebraist, 1. XI. II; XVIII. 303; Celtic, V. 799; physician, ix. 134; his five ages, I. 513.

Chinese, VI. 259; Frankish, ix. 529; 279; his criticism of Kant's categories, FERREX AND PORREX, earl of Dorset's German, x. 479, 481; under the Nor V. 224; metaphysics of, xvi. 87; his tragedy, VII. 373, 428.

mans in England, viii. 296; in Scot influence on German rationalism, xx. FERRI, Ciro, Italian painter, ix. 109. land, xxi. 483, 486; its influence on 290; his relations with Schelling, XXI. FERRICYANIDES, XX. 24.

constitution of armies, II. 563; its

390. FERRIER, David, on motor areas in man, economic effects, XIX. 351; in relation | FICHTELBERG, mountain, Germany,

to knighthood and chivalry, xiv. 112. VIII. 533; XXI. 357. James Frederick, Scottish meta- FEUERBACH, Ludwig Andreas, German FICHTELGEBIRGE, mountain

range, physician, ix. 109. philosopher, IX. 123.

Bavaria, 1X. 138. Susan Edmonston, Scottish novel Paul Johann Anselm von, German FICHTELITE, mineral, XVI. 429. ist, IX. 110.

jurist, IX. 124.

FICINO, Marsilio, Italian philosopher, 1x. FERRO, island, Canaries, 1v. 800; longi- FEUILLANTS CLUB, France (1791), ix. 138. tude measured from it, XXIII. 394. 602.

Fiction, in English literature, VIII. 421, FERROCYANIDES OF IRON, XX. 24. FEUILLETON, of French newspaper, 1X. 428, 429, 430. See also Romance, xx. FERROL, town, Spain, ix. III.

125.

632. FERROLITO, castle, Nicastro, Italy, XVII. FEVER, IX. 125; XVIII. 394; diet in, Fictions, in law, ix. 140; XIV. 365. 480.

VII. 206; malarious, XV. 316; relapsing, Ficus, genus of plants, IX. 153. FERRO-MANGANESE, metal, XIII. 350. xxII. 680; scarlet, XXI. 376; typhoid, | FIDANZA, John of (St Bonaventura), FERROTITANITE, mineral, XVI. 426. XXIII. 678; typhus, XXIII. 676; scholastic philosopher, iv. 30; XXI. FERRU, Monte, Sardinia, XXI. 307. yellow, XXIV. 734.

427. FERRY, Law relating to, IX. II.

THERMOMETER, XXIII. 292. FIDDLE, musical instrument, XXIV. Nicholas (Bébé), dwarf, vil. 567. FEYDEAU, Ernest-Aimé, French writer,

242. FERRYBANK, town, Kilkenny, Ireland, IX. 126, 679.

FIDDLERS' MUSCLES, I. 840. XXIV. 401.

FEYJOO, Benito, Spanish writer, XXII. FIDEICOMMISSUM, in Roman law, FERSEN, Axel, Count, Swedish general, 360.

XXIII. 595. IX. 112.

FEZ, town, Morocco, IX. 126; XVI. 831; | FIDELITY GUARANTEE, in insurance, FERTÉ MACÉ, La, town, France, mosque at, XVI. 865.

XIII. 161.
XVIII. 2.
FEZARA, lake, Algeria, I. 563.

FIDENÆ (Castello Giubileo), ancient FERTILIZATION, of animal ovum, XX. FEZZAN, country, Africa, ix. 128; XVII. town, Italy, ix. 141; wooden amphi417; XXI. 721; of plants, IV. 147; XX. 695; XXIII. 574.

theatre at, 1. 775. 425; of soil, 1. 342; XI. 234; XV. 505. FIACRE, coach, origin of name, ix. 130. FIDICULA, ancient musical instrument, FERTŐ, lake, Hungary, XII. 362.

St, French hermit, ix. 130.

XXIV. 242. FESCA, Frederic Ernest, German musical FIALIN, Jean Gilbert Victor, Duc de FIELD, John, English musical composer composer, IX. 112.

Persigny, French general, xvIII. 661. and pianist, IX. 141. FESCH, Joseph, French cardinal, ix. FIAMINGO, Il (François Duquesnoy), - Nathan, English dramatist, IX.

Flemish sculptor, XXI. 563.

141; VII. 433. Fess, in heraldry, XI. 694. FIAMMETTA, Boccaccio's, III. 843.

ARTILLERY, 11. 661, 663. FESSLER, Ignaz Aurelius, Hungarian FIANARANTSOA, town, Madagascar, xv. FIELDFARE, bird, ix. 142. ecclesiastic and writer, IX. 113.

175.

FIELD GUNS, XI. 306, 313. FESTAL EPISTLES, giving dates of FIAR, river, France, XX. 528.

FIELD HOSPITALS, 1. 667. movable feasts, vill. 483.

FIARS PRICES, in Scots law, ix. 130. FIELDING, Copley, English painter, ix. FESTIN DE PIERRE, Molière's play, xvi. FIBER, genus of rodent mammals, xv. 142. 628. 418, 419; XVII. 108.

- Henry, English novelist, ix. 142; FESTING, Colonel, his spectroscopic ob- FIBONACCI, Leonardo, of Pisa, mathe as satirist, XXI. 320; his place in servations, XXII. 380. matician, XIX. 125.

English literature, Vill. 430. FESTINIOG, town, Wales, XVI. 39. FIBRES, Textile, IX. 131; alpaca, I. 597 ; | FIELD-MARSHAL, military title, XV. FESTIVALS, IX. 113; ancient Greek, llama, xiv. 738; mohair, xvi. 544; 574.

XVII. 124; Jewish, xvIII. 511; XXIII. silk, XXII. 56; wool, xxiv. 653; coir, FIELD OF THE CLOTH OF GOLD, France, 6; Mexican, XVI. 212; pilgrimages in vi. 103; cotton, VI. 483; flax, IX. II. 480; XXIV. 635. connexion with, XIX. 90.

296; hemp, XI. 647; Manila hemp, FIELD OF WOODCOCKS, Russia, Battle FESTUS, Porcius, Roman procurator, xv. 488; jute, XIII. 800; phormium, of the (1380), XXI. 91. XIII. 427. XVIII. 812 ; rhea, xx. 506; from FIERABRAS, romance, XX. 651.

XXV.

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IX. 147

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IX. 215.

IX. 153

FIERI FACIAS, in English law, IX. 147; | Fili, Irish bards, V. 303.

212; application of, in numismatics, XXIV. 696.

FILIBUSTER, buccaneer, ix. 162; iv. XVII. 629, 633; position of poetry FIESCHI, Counts of, Italy, xiv. 350. 408.

among, XIX. 260, 262; how affected by Giovanni Luigi de', Genoese con FILICAIA, Vincenzo da, Italian poet, ix. the Renaissance, xx. 385, 390; Japanese, spirator, IX. 147. 162; XIII. 511.

XIII. 588; Winckelmann's studies in, Joseph Marie, French conspirator, Filices, or Ferns, IX. 101.

xxiv. 597; academies of, 1. 77, 78. FILICINÆ, class of plants, XXIV. 129. FIN FOOT, bird, XX. 223. Sinibaldo de (Pope Innocent IV.), FILICUDI, Lipari Islands, Mediterranean FINGAL, Celtic hero, IX. 215. XIII. 84.

Sea, xiv. 683.

FINGAL'S CAVE, Staffa, Scotland, V. FIEsco, or Fieschi, Giovanni Luigi de', FILIGREE, jewel work of threads and 265. Genoese conspirator, ix. 147.

beads, IX. 163.

FINGER RINGS, XX. 560. Schiller's play, XXI. 396.

FILING OF DOCUMENTS, in law, xx. FINGERS, Anatomy of the, 1. 828; FIESOLE, town, Italy, 1X. 148.

342.

joints of, 1. 839; use of, to express Fra Giovanni Angelico da (Fra Filinto ELYSIO (F. M. do Nascimento), numbers, xvII. 625; redundancy of, Angelico), Italian painter, ix. 148, Portuguese writer, XIX. 557.

XVI. 762; whitlow on, XXIV. 555. 772; XXI. 434, 435.

FILIPPINO LIPPI, Italian painter, Xiv. AND Toes, in turnips, I. 367. Mino di Giovanni da, Italian 685; IX. 773; xv. 606; XXI. 435. FINGOLAND, South Africa, XIII. 817. sculptor, XVI. 477; XXI. 568.

FILIPPO OTTONIERI, Leopardi's imagi- FINI, Tommaso (Masolino), Italian FIÉVÉE, Joseph, French journalist, XVII. nary biography, xiv. 464.

painter, xv. 610; XXI. 435. 426; XVIII. 540.

FILIPPOPEL (Philippopolis), town, Rou- FINIAL, in architecture, 11. 464. FIFE, county, Scotland, ix. 150; area melia, Turkey, XVIII. 753.

FINIGUERRA, Maso, Italian engraver, and population, XXI. 528; coalfields, FILLAN, St, Scottish saint, IX. 164. VI. 54; representation, XXIII. 727. FILLE DU RÉGIMENT, by Donizetti, vii. FINISTÈRE, department, France, IX. musical instrument, IX. 351. 363.

215. FIFTH MONARCHY MEN, Puritan sect, FILLES À LA CASSETTE, French emi- FINLAND, province, Russia, IX. 216;

grant girls at New Orleans, xvII. XXI. 69; acquisition of, by Russia Fig, tree and fruit, ix. 153; IV. 121; 403.

(1809), XXI. 100; XXII. 752; climate XII. 271. FILLET, in architecture, II. 464.

of, xxII. 738; newspapers, XVII. 430; FIGARO, dramatic character, ix. 155. FILLMORE, Millard, president of United periodical literature, XVIII. 543. Paris newspaper, IX. 155; XVII.427. States, IX. 165; XXIII. 770.

Gulf of, Russia, III. 294. comedy by Beaumarchais, III. 468. FILLOWITE, mineral, XVI. 404.

FINLAY, George, English historian of , opera by Mozart, xvII. II.

FILMER, Sir Robert, English political Greece, ix. 220. José de Larra, Spanish satirist, writer, ix. 166.

FINNANS, smoked haddocks, I. 44. XXII. 361.

Films, Liquid, in capillary action, v. FINNER, cetacean mammal, xv. 395. FIGBURY RING, Wilts, England, xxiv. 58, 59, 65.

FINNISH LANGUAGE, XXIV. 1; diction594.

Sensitive, in photography, XVIII. aries of, vii, 188. FIGEAC, town, France, ix. 155.

836.

FINNS, race of people, IX. 219; XXI. 79; Figis, town, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149. FILOCOPO, tale by Boccaccio, III. 843; religion of, xx. 363. FIGUERAS, town, Spain, IX. 155.

XIII. 504.

FINSBURY, borough, London, XIV. 821. FIGURE, Rigid, Kinematics of a, xv. 691. FILOSTRATO, poem by Boccaccio, III. FINTRY Hills, Scotland, XXII. 553. OF THE EARTH, VII. 597. 844.

FioGo, town, Japan, XI. 851. FIGURES, Lully's logical system of, xv. Filter, apparatus for purifying liquids, FIORAVENTI, Aristotle, Italian architect,

IX. 166.

XXI. 91. Mathematical, xv. 268.

FILTER-BEDS, in water-works, xxiv. FIORENTINO, Giovanni, mediæval FIGURE STONE, mineral, XVI. 425. 408.

Italian writer, XIII. 505. FIHR, tribe, Arabia, II. 256.

Fin, of fish, XII. 637; XXII. 119. FIORENZUOLA, town, Italy, IX. 221. FIHRIST, work on Arabic literature, FINALE DELL'EMILIA, town, Italy, IX. FIORILLO, Johann Dominicus, German XVII. 160; XV. 482, 484. 171.

painter and historian of art, IX. 221. Fiji ISLANDS, South Pacific, ix. 155; FINANCE, IX. 171; Law's system of, xiv. FIORITE, mineral, xvi. 390. xv. 835.

369.

FIOTE, language, Congo, Africa, VI. FILANGIERI, Carlo, Italian general, ix. FINCH, bird, ix. 191.

267. 158.

Daniel, earlof Nottingham, English Fir, coniferous tree, ix. 222; culture of, Gaetano, Italian publicist, IX. 159; secretary of state, xvii. 600.

II. 316, 319; Riga, strength of its wood, XIX. 362.

, Heneage, earl of Nottingham, lord XXII. 603; Scotch, XIX. 103; of United FILARETE, Antonio, Florentine sculptor, chancellor of England, xvii. 600. States, xxIII. 808; of California, iv. XXI. 568.

Margaret, long-liver, XVII. 596.

704. FILARIA, genus of nematode worms, FINCK, Heinrich, German composer, 1x. FIRANDO, island, Japan, XIII. 569. XVII. 325; XXIV. 206.

193.

FIRBOLCS, Irish legendary people, v. FILATURE, reeling of silk, XXII. 61.

Hermann, German musical writer,

299; XIII. 243; XV. 650. FILBERT, tree and nut, XI. 548; plan

FIRDOUSI, or Firdausi, Persian poet, tations of, 1. 384. FIND, Celtic hero, IX. 215.

IX. 225; XVIII. 656; patronage of, by File, steel tool, ix. 160; XI. 438. FINDEN, William, English engraver, ix. Mahmud, xv. 287; his place as epic FILE-FISH, ix. 161.

193.

poet, XIX. 267. FILELFO, Francesco, Italian scholar, ix. FINDHORN, river, Scotland, viii. 129; FIRE, element, IX. 227; acquaintance of 161. XVII. 166.

early man with, viii. 617; in mythoFILFLA, islet, Mediterranean Sea, xv. FINE, in law, IX. 193.

logy, XVII. 158; XIX. 807; sacred, of 339.

ARTS, The, ix. 194; theory of, 1. Zoroastrians, XXIV. 193; traditions

64.

IX. 193.

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