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VII. 71.

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XII. 435.

VII. 71.

CROWN, Demosthenes's oration on the, CRUSTACEA, class of animals, VI. 632; | CTESIAS, Greek physician and historian,

XVII. 116; embryology of, xx. 419; VI. 677 ; on the topography of The British, prerogatives of, XVIII. organs of touch in, XXIII. 478; dis Babylon, III. 182 ; on the Medo310; XIX. 672.

tribution of, vii. 278, 283; parasites Persian empire, XVIII. 561 ; on IMPERIAL, plant, XII. 255.

of, XVIII. 259; in Lankester's classi Semiramis, XXI. 639. LANDS, in England, viii. 298. fication, XXIV. 813.

CTESIBIUS, inventor of forcing pump, CROWS, American-Indian tribe, XII. CRUVEILHIER, Jean, French anatomist, 832.

VI. 667; 1. 816.

CTESIPHON, ancient town, Assyria, Vi. CROWTHER, Samuel, Negro bishop, CRUZ, Juan de la, Spanish mystic, vi. 677; XVI. 51; siege of (199), xvIII. XVII. 498; XXIV. 754. 667; XXII. 359.

605. CROYDON, town, England, vi. 621; XXII. - Ramon de la, Spanish dramatist, friend of Demosthenes, I. 208; 694.

VI. 667. CROYLAND, or Crowland (2.v.), town, CRYING, abnormal form of respiration, CUBA, island, West Indies, Vi. 678; England, vi. 619; bridge at, IV. 331. XX. 479.

XXII. 298 ; XXIV. 510 ; freshwater CROZAT, Antoine, settler in Louisiana, CRYOLITE, mineral, vi. 667; XVI. 384; fishes of, XII. 674; forests, ix. 406; U.S.A., XV. 22. XXII. 240.

slavery in, XXII. 142. CROZIER, archbishop's staff, VI. 463, SODA, XXII. 244.

Johannes de, on birds, XVIII. 3. 614.

CRYOPHORUS, freezing apparatus, VIII, CUBAN, mineral, xvi. 393. CRUCHADE, kind of porridge, used in 731.

CUBATURE OF SOLIDs, in calculus, XIII. Gascony, France, XVIII. 476. CRYOPHYLLITE, mineral, XVI. 413.

53. CRUCIBLE MELTING FURNACE, IX. 843. CRYPT, in architecture, VI. 667; II. 463. CUBE, in geometry, X. 388. CRUCIBLE STEEL, XIII. 342.

CRYPTOBRANCHUS, genus of Amphibia, CUBEBs, in pharmacy, vl. 683. CRUCIFIX, VI. 612.

1. 759.

CUBE Root, in algebra, I. 528 ; in CRUCIFIXION, VI. 610; of Jesus Christ, CRYPTODIRA, group

of chelonian arithmetic, II. 533. XIII. 660, 669.

reptiles, XXIII. 457.

CUBES, Tables of, xxIII. 8. CRUDEN, Alexander, author of Concord CRYPTOGAMOUS PLANTS, IV. 92, 140, CUB HUNTING, XII. 396. ance to Bible, VI. 621.

157.

CUBICs, Twisted, in geometry, X. 407. CRUIKSHANK, George, English carica- CRYPTOGAMS, Cellular, xiv. 552; vas CUBIC SURFACES, in geometry, XXII. turist, V. 105. cular, xx. 426.

670. William, on the anatomy of the CRYPTOGRAPHY, writing in cipher, Vi. CUBICULA, in the Catacombs, V. 210. lymphatic system, 1. 815.

669; Wheatstone's contributions to, CUBIT, measure of length, XXIV. 483. CRUISERS, Iron-clad, xvII. 286.

XXIV. 538.

CUBITT, Thomas, London builder, vi. CRUM, Walter, of Thornliebank, on the CRYPTOLITE, mineral, XVI. 403.

683 chemistry of dyeing, vii. 580.

CRYPTOPIA, vegetable alkaloid, xvII. —Sir William, English engineer. VI. CRUMEN GLAND, of antelopes and deer, 232. XV. 348.

CRYPTOPROCTA, genus of carnivorous CUBRANOVIC, Andrew, Ragusan poet, CRUMLIN VIADUCT, Wales, IV. 338. mammals, XV, 170, 435.

XXI. 690.
CRUMN, king of Bulgaria, xvII. 481. CRYPTURI, group of birds, xvIII. 45; Cuca, plant, vi. 684; XVIII. 673.
CRUMWELL, or Cromwell (q.v.), Thomas,

XXIII. 403

CUCKING STOOL, for punishment, XIX. earl of Essex, VI. 604.

CRYSTAL, or Flint Glass, Manufacture 96. CRUNODE, in geometry, XXII. 669. of, x. 663.

CUCKMERE, river, England, XXII. 723. CRUONINGA (Groningen), ancient town, CRYSTALLINE PLATES, Colours of, Cuckoo, or Cuckow, bird, vi. 685; III. Holland, XI. 207. XXIV. 450.

769. CRUSADERS, Coins of the, xvii. 658. CRYSTALLIZATION, of rocks, X. 259.

Ode to the, its authorship, iv. CRUSADES, VI. 622; XVI. 588 ; their CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, VI. 671; XVI. 346; 393.

economic effects, xix. 352; England's Haüy's contributions to, XI. 523 ; CUCKOO-SPIT, insect, XIII. 153 share in them, VIII. 296; their Mitscherlich's, XVI. 531.

Cuckow, bird, vi. 685; III. 769. influence on Egypt, VII. 752; on CRYSTAL PALACE, London, Vill. 803; CUCULLANUS, genus of nematode worms, France, ix. 537; on the Greek empire, XIV. 836; architecture of, 11. 453.

XVII. 325. XI. 118; on the military system of CRYSTALS, VI. 671; XIV. 613; XVI. 346; CUCUMBER, vegetable, vi. 687; XII. 282. Europe, 11. 564; connexion of knights magnetism of, xv. 265; uniaxal and Squirting, plant, VI. 688; VII. 825. with, xiv. 115; XXIII. 160; in rela biaxal, xiv. 613; XXIV. 449.

TREE, XV. 283. tion to geographical knowledge, x. CSOKONAI, Mihaly Vitez, Hungarian Cucumis, genus of plants, v. 687; xv. 178; to the popedom, XIX. 499; poet, VI. 677; XII. 377.

841. effects of the first in Asia Minor, II. CSOMA DE KÖRÖS, Alexander, Hun- CUCURBITA, genus of plants, Xi. 4; XII. 713; St Bernard's preaching of the garian philologist, VI. 677; XXIII. 346. 283. second, ill. 603; under Richard I. of CTENIDIOBRANCHIA, suborder of Mol. CUDBEAR, dyestuff, 11. 379; XIV. 559. England, xx. 540; Joinville's History lusca, XVI. 645, 655.

CUDDALOR, town, India, VI. 688; II. of, XIII. 734; Villehardouin's chronicle CTENODRILUS, genus of worms, XXIV. 478. of the fifth, XXIV. 229.

678.

CUDDAPAH, district, India, vi. 689. CRUSADING ORDERS, of knighthood, in CTENOLABRUS, genus of fishes, xxiv. CUDWORTH, Ralph, English philuSpain, XXII. 316. 686.

sopher, vi. 689; his ethical system, CRUSCA, Accademia della, 1. 73. CTENOPHORA, group of animals, 1. 131; VIII. 597; anti-evolutionist, VIII. 759. CRUSENSTOLPE, Magnus Jakob, Swedish XII. 547, 565; in Lankester's classi- CUELEN, Ludolph van, German mathehistorian, vi. 632; XXII. 758. fication, xxiv. 812.

matician, XXII. 434. CRUSIUS, Christian August, German CTENOSTOMA, group of Polyzoa, xix. CUENCA, province, Spain, vi. 692; XXII. theologian, Vi. 632. 437

298; town, vi. 692.

683.

VI. 707.

CUENCA, town, Ecuador, vi. 692. CUMBERLAND, Richard, bishop of Peter- | CURASSOW, bird, vi. 709.
CUERNAVACA, town, Mexico, XVI. 214. borough, vi. 700; ethics of, viii. 598. CURATE, VI. 709; perpetual, xxiv. 209.
CUEVA, Juan de la, Spanish dramatist, Richard, English dramatist, VI. CURATOR, in law, XIII. I.
XXII. 356.

702; VII. 438.

CURCAS PURGANS, species of plants, CUFA, town, Persia, XVI. 564, 570.

PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, U.S.A., XVII. 665. CUIABA, or Cuyaba, town, Brazil, Vi. XIX. 700; XXIV. 829.

CURCHOD, Suzanne, Madame Necker, 742.

CUMBRAES, islands, Scotland, iv. 579. X. 574; XVII. 312. Cuija, lake, San Salvador, XXI. 268. CUMBRIA, ancient district, England, CURCULIONIDÆ, family of insects, xxiv. CUILLINS, mountains, Skye, Scotland,

XXI. 479.

477. XXII. 127.

CUMIN, or Cummin, plant, vi. 706. CURCUMIN, colouring matter of turmeric, CUIRASS, defensive armour, vi. 692. CUMMING, Roualeyn Gordon, African XXIII. 662. CUIRASSIERS, cavalry, V. 263.

traveller and hunter, VI. 706.

CURCUNNO, France, Cromlech at, XXI. CUISINIER, bird, xvIII. 106. CUMMINGS, of malt, IV. 269.

51. CUJAS, or Cujacius, Jacques de, French CUÑAPIRU, town, Uruguay, XXIV. 15. CURD, of milk, xvi. 304. jurisconsult, VI. 693.

CUNARD, Sir Samuel, founder of line of CUR DEUS HOMO, work by Anselm, II. CULDEES, order of ecclesiastics, Vi. 693; steamships, Vi. 706.

92. in Scotland, I. 46; XVIII. 667; XXI. CUNAXA, Babylonia, Battle of (401 B.C.), CURE, river, France, XVII. 495. 477.

VI. 753; XVIII. 577.

CUREPIPE, town, Mauritius, xv. 640. CULEBRA ISLAND, West Indies, xxiv. CUNCTATOR (Fabius Maximus), Roman CURES, ancient town, Italy, Vi. 710. 261.

general, viii. 836; XI. 442.

CURETON, William, English Orientalist, Culex, poem, attributed to Virgil, xxiv. CUNDWAH (Khandwa), town, India, xiv.

VI. 710. 251.

57.

CURETONIAN GOSPELS, Syriac recen; genus of insects, x. 700; xvi. 866. CUNEATOR, officer of the mint, XVI. sion, XXII. 824. CULIACAN, town, Mexico, XVI. 214. 480.

CURFEW, bell, vi. 710; III. 538. CULINARY APPLIANCES, VI. 332. CUNEIFORM WRITING, VI. 707; I. 604; CURIA, ancient Roman tribal division, CULLEN, William, Scottish pathologist, XIII. 114; inventors of, II. 184; VI. 710; XVII. 527; XX. 732. VI. 694; XV. 813.

Grotefend's decipherment of, XI. 217. Roman senate-house, XIX. 815. CULLENDER, Rose, Suffolk witch, xxiv. CUNENE, river, Africa, 1. 254.

CURIALIS, Roman official, vi. 710. 621.

CUNEO, or Coni, town, Italy, VI. 272. CURIA REGIS, English court, vi. 517. CULLERA, town, Spain, Vi. 696. CUNINGHAM, William, English carto CURIA ROMANA, papal court, vi. 711; CULLEY, Messrs, their improvements in grapher, XVII. 253.

XIX. 497 agriculture, I. 303.

CUNITZ, Maria, German astronomer, CURIATII, Alban brothers, opponents of CULLODEN, Scotland, Battle of (1746),

the Horatii, xii. 166. VI. 696, 705; V. 427; VIII. 355; XXI. CUNNINGHAM, district, Ayrshire, Scot- Curico, province, Chili, v. 617. 526.

land, 111. 163.

CURING, mode of preserving food, xix. Culm, or Anthracite (q.v.), coal, 11. 106. Allan, Australian botanist and 708; of bloaters, ix. 253; of herrings, CULMBACH, town, Bavaria, XIV. 154. explorer, III. 104, 110.

IX. 259; of pilchards, IX. 254. CULNA (Kalna), town, Bardwan district, Allan, Scottish writer, vi. 707. CURIOSITIES OF LITERATURE, Isaac India, XIII. 829.

J. T., his observations on Mollusca, D'Israeli's work, VII. 260. (Khulna), town, Jessor district, xvi. 658.

CURLEW, bird, vi. 711. India, xiv. 67.

Peter, English miscellaneous CURLING, game, VI. 712. CULPABLE HOMICIDE, crime, xvII. 53. writer, VI. 707.

CURRAGH, plain, with military camp, CULPEE (Kalpi), town, India, XIII. 830. William, Scottish theologian and Kildare, Ireland, vi. 714. CULROSS, village, Scotland, xvIII. 667. ecclesiastic, vi. 708.

CURRAN, John Philpot, Irish orator, vi. CULTIVATOR, Steam, agricultural imple- CUPAR-FIFE, town, Scotland, vi. 708. 714. ment, 1. 315.

CUPELLATION, method of separating CURRANTS, fruit, VI. 715; XI. 88; red, CULTURE, its influence on language, 11. metals, 11. 725; XIV. 376.

white, and black, XII. 270; culture of, 120; XVIII. 769.

CUPEL MOULD, in assaying, 11. 726. in Zante, xxiv. 767. CULVERT, wide and short drain, iv. CUPEL-SILVER, XXII. 70.

CURRENCY, or Current Money, its early 284.

CUPID, Roman god (the Greek Eros), VI. forms, XVI. 722; depreciation of, CUMÆ, or Cuma, ancient Greek colony, 708; VIII. 527.

IX. 178; in relation to exchange, viii. Italy, VI. 696; coins of, XVII. 637. CUPOLA, or Dome, in architecture, VII. 788; bank notes as, III. 320; paper CUMANA, town, Venezuela, Vi. 696. 347; II. 463.

(greenbacks), in U.S.A. (1862), xxIII. CUMANI, or Comans, Turkish tribes, CUPPING, surgical operation, Vi. 709. 775; Locke's observations on, xiv. XXI, 16; XXIII. 660.

CUPREINE, vegetable alkaloid, xx. 185. 754; Ricardo's, XX. 534. CUMARA NUT, XVII. 664.

CUPRESSUS, genus of trees, Vi. 745. CURRENTS, as distinguished from waves, CUMBERLAND, county, England, vi. CUPRITE, mineral, vi. 347; XVI. 385. XXIV. 416; hydraulic theory of, xii. 696 ; population and representation, CUPROPLUMBITE, mineral, XVI. 391. 468; of the ocean, X. 283; in navigaXXIII. 727; the ancient Cumbria, XXI. CUPS, Ancient Greek and Roman, xix. tion, xvII. 275; of the Atlantic, III. 479; coalfield of, vi. 52; plumbago 180, 614, 618.

18; of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus, mines, XIX. 231.

CURACA, Peruvian chief, xvIII. 678. III. 798; of the Indian Ocean, XII. 821; town, Maryland, U.S.A., VI. 700; CURAÇOA, or Curaçao, island, West of the Pacific, XVIII. 117. xv. 603.

Indies, vi. 709; population, xxiv. CURRER BELL (Charlotte Bronte), river, Tennessee, U.S.A., XXIII. 510.

English novelist, iv. 365. 177.

liqueur, xiv. 687.

CURRIE, James, Scottish physician and William Augustus, duke of, CURARAY, river, South America, VII. critic, vi. 715. English general, vi. 705; XXI. 520. 646.

CURRY, condiment, vi. 715.

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XIV. 15.

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CURRYING, in leather manufacture, Xiv. CUTICLE, or Epidermis, Anatomy of CYBULSKI, Prof., Polish writer, XIX. 386. the, 1. 897

305. CURSE-OATH, XVII. 698.

CUTLERY, VI. 733; English, XXI. 787; CYCADACEÆ, order of plants, XXIV. 131. CURSING, Laws against, III. 807.

Indian, XII. 762.

CYCLADES, group of islands, Greece, Vi. CURSIVE WRITING, XVIII. 149; XXIII. CUTTACK, district and town, India, v. 744; coins of the, xvII. 644. 682; Latin, XVIII. 154.

242; XVII. 845.

CYCLAMEN, greenhouse plant, XII. 263. Curtis, Mrs, wife of George Washington, CUTTER, boat, XXI. 825.

CYCLAS, genus of Mollusca, XVI. 695. XXIV. 388. CUTTHROAT, bird, xxiv. 463.

CYCLE, Metonic, in astronomy, II. 747; CURTIUS, Mettus, Roman legendary CUTTINGS, Railway, XX. 232.

IV. 668; other cycles, IV. 669, 670. hero, Vi. 716.

CUTTLE-BONE, for polishing, XXI. Cyclic POEMS, Greek, XI. 137. RUFUS, Quintus, biographer of 666.

CYCLING, velocipede riding, III. 665; Alexander the Great, VI. 716. CUTTLE-FISH, VI. 735; XVI. 670.

XXIII. 559. CURUBAS, fruit of passion-flower, xvIII. CUTWA (Katwa), town, Bengal, India, CYCLOID, Quadrature of the, Pascal's, 343.

XVIII. 338. CURVATURE, in geometry, XIII. 26; in CUT-WATER, bird, XXII. 120.

CYCLOMYARIA, suborder of Tunicata, conic sections, vi. 283; of spherical CUVIER, Georges (Baron Cuvier), French XXIII. 615. surfaces, xv. 659.

naturalist, VI. 740; on birds, XVIII. 7; CYCLONES, areas of low atmospheric CURVE, CURVES, VI. 716; X. 395, 419; on Buffon's theories of the universe, pressure, III. 33; VI. 7; XVI. 129, 154; XV. 630; XXIV. 86; in integral cal IV. 445; on classification and morpho at sea, XVII. 276; of Asia, 11. 690; culus, XIII. 50; in relation to surface, logy, xvi. 838 ; his classification of xv. 189; in Polynesia, xix. 421; in XXII. 668; Plücker on intersections animals, xxiv. 806; of reptiles, XX. the West Indies, XXIV. 511. of, his six equations, xix. 229; Des 435; on evolution, VIII. 749; on CYCLOPÆDIA, or Encyclopædia (2.v.), cartes's application of algebra to, XIII. ichthyology, XII. 633.

VIII. 190. 6; tidal, xxIII. 366, 370.

CUXHAVEN, town, Germany, VI. 742 ; American, viii. 204; XX. 568. CURVILINEAR COORDINATES, XXII. XI. 404.

Chambers's (1728), viii. 196. 671. CUYABA, town, Brazil, vi. 742.

English, VIII. 204.
CURWEN, John, promoter of the tonic Cuv-Cocha, lake, Ecuador, vii. 646. Penny, viii. 204; XIV. 856.

sol-fa musical notation, XVII. 100. CUYP, Albert, Dutch painter, Vi. 742; CYCLOPEAN MASONRY, in archæology,
CURZOLA, town, Austrian Dalmatia, VI. his connexion with Van der Neer, II. 346, 401 ; remains of, in Ithaca,
728; battle of (1298), XIX. 406.
XVII. 314.

XIII. 517 CUSA, Nicolas de (Cusanus), cardinal and Jacob Gerritsz, Dutch painter, vi. CYCLOPES, in Greek mythology, Vi. 744; Reformer, VI. 728; XX. 323. 742.

II. 346. Cuscus, genus of marsupial mammals, CUYUNI, river, British Guiana, XI. 250. CYCLOPS, Euripides's satyric drama, XVIII. 728.

Cuza, Alexander John, prince of VIII. 678. CUSCUTA, genus of plants, VII. 320. Roumania, XXI. 21.

monster, XVI. 764. CUSCUTACEÆ, parasitic plants, xviii. Cuzco, town, Peru, vi. 744; XVIII. 675; CYCLOPTERUS, genus of fishes, xv. 65. 264.

ancient fortresses at, 11. 452; pilgrim- CYCLORHAPHA, group of insects, VII. CUSH, of Scripture, VI. 729; XVII. age to temple at, xix. 92.

256. 511.

Cwm-Hır, abbey, Wales, XX. 217. CYCLOSTOMA, suborder of Polyzoa, XIX. CUSHAT, ring-dove, VII. 379.

CYANATES, in chemistry, xx. 25; of 437 CUSHITES, of Scripture, XXIV. 738; XVII. ammonia, XXIV. II.

, genus of snails, XXII. 187. 511.

CYANECULA, genus of birds, XX. 318. CYCLOSTOMATA, subclass of fishes, XII. CUSP, in architecture, II. 463.

CYANIC ACID, XX. 25; Wöhler's dis 694. of a curve, XXII. 669. covery of, xxiv. 626.

CYCLOTURUS, genus of edentate mamCusso, or Kousso, drug, XIV. 145. CYANIDE OF HYDROGEN (Prussic Acid), mals, xv. 386. CUSTARD APPLE, VI. 729.

V. 554; XX. 23.

CYCNUS, of Greek legend, xix. 559. CUSTOM, in law, xiv. 362; XIX. 705. CYANIDES, Analysis of, XX. 24; metallic, CYDNUS, river, Asia Minor, II. 709; V. HOUSES, VI. 729. V. 554; methyl, xvi. 197.

777. CUSTOMS DUTIES, VI. 729. CYANITE, mineral, XVI. 408.

CYDONIA, genus of trees, xx. 182. CUSTOMS OF THE SEA, book of mari- CYANOGEN, in chemistry, v. 554; xx. CYDONIUM EOSASTER, species

species of time ordinances, VI. 318.

22; Gay-Lussac's experiments on, X. sponges, XXII. 414. Custos ROTULORUM, keeper of records, 123

CYGNET, young of the swan, XXII. 731. VI. 730.

CYANOMETER, Saussure's invention of CYGNUS, genus of birds, XXII. 731. Cüstrin, town, Prussia, xiv. 162. the, XXI. 324.

CYLINDER, in geometry, X. 417 ; CUSUMANO, Vito, Italian economist, CYANOSIS, facial deformity, XVI. 765. mensuration of, xvi. 25; Archimedes XIX. 395.

CYANOSPIZA, genus of birds, XVII. 534. on, 11. 380; Serenus on, XXI. 675. CUTCH, state, India, VI. 730; Ran, Runn, CYANURUS, genus of birds, XIII. 611.

of steam-engine, behaviour of or Lake of, iv. 22; VI. 730.

CYATHEA, genus of tree-ferns, XXIII. steam in, XXII. 487; strength of, XXII. , or Catechu, vegetable extract, v. 534.

606. 220; XIV. 382.

CYAXARES, Median king, xvIII. 563; PRINTING PRESSES, XXIII. 706. Goldbeater's, X. 753XXI. 577

Cylix, ancient Greek vase, XIX. 614. GUNDAVA, district, Baluchistan, CYBELE, in Greek mythology, vi. 744; Cylon, Athenian insurgent, III. 2; XI.

XV. 99, 294; XVIII. 853; worship of, 96. CUTHBERT, St, bishop of Lindisfarne, XVIII. 691; statue of, at Rome, xx. CYMBALUM MUNDI, of Bonaventure England, VI. 732 ; XVII. 570 ; his 821.

des Periers, ix. 654. labours in Lothian, xv. 10; XXI. CYBO, Innocent, Florentine cardinal, xv. CYMBULIA, genus of Mollusca, xvI. 665, 475; his tomb at Durham, vii. 562. 789.

666.

VI. 732.

22.

CYMENE, hydrocarbon found in oils, CYRANO DE BERGERAC, on travelling CZARTORYSKI, Adam George, Polish XVII. 748. to the moon, I. 186.

prince and patriot, VI. 754; XIX. 298. CYMOPHANE, mineral, xvi. 386. CYRENAICA, district, Africa, VI. 750. CZASLAU, town, Bohemia, VI. 754 ; CYMRI, or Cymry (q.v.), iv. 352. CYRENAICS, school of Greek philo battle of (1742), III. 127. CYMRIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, sophers, VI. 750; II. 506; their philo- CZECHS, Slavonic people, vi. 754; III. XX. 642.

sophical system, XXI. 379; its relation 861; XVI. 811; XIX. 285; XXII. 145, CYMRY, branch of the Celtic family, II. to Epicureanism, VIII. 475.

147, 151; their language and litera651; IV. 352; V. 300.

CYRENE, ancient town, Africa, Vi. 750; ture, III. 861 ; XXII. 151; dictionaries CYNANCHE PAROTIDÆA, disease, XVII. XXIII. 280; coins of, xvii. 651.

of language, VII. 188. CYRIACUS, patriarch of the Jacobites, CZEGLED, town, Hungary, VI. 754. CYNEGETICA, Oppian's poem, XII. 393; Syriac writer, XXII. 842.

CZENSTOCHOVA, Old and New, towns, XVII. 797

CYRIL, St, bishop of Jerusalem, vi. 751; Poland, vi. 754. CYNEWULF, Anglo-Saxon writer, vill. his canon, v. 10.

CZERNA, river, Macedonia, xv. 136. 403.

- St, early missionary to the Slavs, CZERNOWITZ, town, Austria, vi. 755; CYNICS, school of Greek philosophy, vi.

XVI. 194.

university of, XXIII. 852. 745; II. 137; XXI. 379; XXII. 562; bishop of Turoff, Russian sermon CZERNY, Karl, Austrian musical comethics of, viii. 578. writer, XXI. 103.

poser and pianist, VI. 755. CYNOCEPHALUS, genus of apes, II. 152;

of Alexandria, vi. 751; opponent GEORGE, Tsrni George, or KaraXV. 476. of Nestorius, XVII. 353.

georgevich, Servian leader, Vi. 755; CYNOGALE, species of carnivorous mam of Berytus, Byzantine jurist, VI. XXI. 689. mals, XV. 436.

752.

CZERSKI, Johann, leader of the Catholic
CYNOIDEA, section of Carnivora, xv. 437. LUCARIS, patriarch of Constan Apostolic Christians, X. 444.
CYNOMYS, genus of rodent mammals, tinople and reformer of the Greek CZOLBE, Heinrich C., on evolution, viii.
XV. 418, 560.
Church, XI. 158; I. 496.

767
CYNOPHONTIS, Greek festival, xiv. 678. CYRILLIC ALPHABET, 1. 613.
CYNOPTERUS, genus of bats, xv. 409. CYRILLONA, Syriac writer, XXII. 828.
CYNOSCEPHALÆ, Greece, Battle of (197 CYRILLUS. See Cyril.

D, the fourth letter of the alphabet,
B.C.), 1X. 288; XX. 752; XXIII. 222 ,299. CYRIL THORNTON, novel by Thomas VI. 756.
CYNTHIA, mistress of Propertius, xix. Hamilton, XI. 416.

DABCHICK, bird, xi. 80. 812.

CYROPÆDIA, Xenophon's work, xxiv. DA CADORE(Titian,q.v.), Italian painter, CYNTHIIDÆ, family of Tunicata, XXIII. 721; VI. 752.

XXIII. 413. 617.

CYRRHESTICA, Syria, coins of, xvii. DA CAPO, musical term, xvII. 87, 93. CYNTHIUS (Giovanni Battista Giraldi), 649.

DACCA, district and town, India, Vi. Italian novelist, x. 620.

CYRUS, the Elder, founder of the Persian 756. CYPERUS BABYLONICUS, aromatic drug, empire, vi. 752; XVIII. 564; his con DACE, fish, vi. 758; XII. 692; XX, 582; X. 17.

quest of Babylonia, III. 188; his re angling for, II. 42. CYPERUS PAPYRUS, paper reed, xviii. lations to the Jews, X111. 417; his re- DACELO, genus of birds, XIV. 82. 231.

ligious policy, XIII. 384; his tomb, at DACH, Simon, German hymn-writer, CYPERUS-Root OIL, XVII. 744.

Murgab, II. 399; XVIII. 558, 567. XII. 587. CYPHOPHTHALMIDES, family of Arach the Younger, Persian satrap, vi. DACHSTEIN, mountain, Austria, 1. 628; nida, II. 279. 753; XVIII. 576.

XXI. 241; XXII. 614. CYPRÆA MONETA, cowry-shell mollusc, CYST FORMATIONS, in human body, DACIA, ancient country, Europe, Vi. 758; VI. 535. XVIII. 365.

XXIV. 269; conquest of, by Trajan CY-PRÈs, in law, VI. 745.

CYSTICERCUS Bovis, beef measle, (105), XXIII. 504. CYPRESS, tree, vi. 745; culture of, 11. XXIII. 52; XXIV. 206.

DACIER, André, French scholar, vi. 759. 320; in United States, XXIII. 809. CYSTIC SARCOMA, disease, XVIII. 369.

Anne Lefèvre, French scholar, vi. CYPRESSE GROVE, Drummond's work, CYSTIDEA, order of Echinodermata, vii. 759. VII. 481. 638.

DA COSTA, Isaak, Dutch poet and theoCYPRIAN, bishop of Carthage, Vi. 746; CYSTITIS, disease, XXIV. 188.

logian, Vi. 759. his conception of the episcopate, v. CYSTOPHORA, genus of seals, xv. 444; DACTYLOPSILA, genus of marsupial 701; VIII. 487. XXI. 581.

mammals, XVIII. 729. bishop of Nisibis, Syriac writer, CYTHERA (Cerigo), island, Greece, v. DACTYLOPTERUS, fish, ix. 352. XXII. 844.

346; XIII. 205.

D'ADAM, L'Isle, grand-master of Knights DIALECT, of Greek, XI. 133. CYTHEREA, genus of Mollusca, xvi. 686. Hospitallers, XXI. 174. CYPRINE, mineral, XVI. 410.

CYTINACEÆ, order of parasitic plants, DADDY LONG LEGS, insect, XIII. 150; CYPRIPEDIUM, genus of orchids, xvII. XVIII. 265.

as wheat pest, XXIV. 535. 818.

CYTISUS, genus of trees, XIV. 179. DADHA, Syriac monk and writer, XXII. CYPRUS, island, Mediterranean, VI. 747; CYTODE, mass of protoplasm, 1. 843. 830.

XV. 820; XXIII. 653; its connexion CYTOGENESIS, in plants, XII. 13. DADH-ISHO, abbot of Mount Izla, Syriac with Phænicia, xvIII. 805; coins of, CYZicus, ancient town, Asia Minor, vi. writer, XXII. 838. XVII. 648; captured by the Turks 753; XVII. 122; coins of, xvII. 645; DADH-ISHO, of Seleucia, Syriac writer, (1570-71), XXIII. 644; ceded to Eng siege of, by Mithradates (74 B.C.), XXII. 830. land, xxIII. 652; Cyprian dialect, XI. xv. 56.

DADO, in architecture, II. 463. 133.

CZACKI, Tadeusz, Polish statesman and DÆDALA, Mount, Asia Minor, xv. 93. CYPSELUS, genus of birds, XXII. 760. writer, Vi. 754.

DÆDALUS, in Greek legend, vi. 760; I. Chest of, early Greek sculpture, 11. CZAR, title of emperor of Russia, XXI. 185; II. 347 347; VI. 397 92.

reef, Red Sea, XX. 316.

XXV. 16

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XVI. 304.

462.

446.

DÆMON, VII. 6o; in Greek mythology, | DAINIHONSHI, Japanese history, XIII. DALMATIA, crown land, Austria, Vi. XV. 477; of Socrates, XXII. 233. 587.

783; wine industry of, xxiv. 610. DAFFODIL, plant, vi. 760.

DAIR AL-BAHARI, Egypt, Mummy vault Duke of (Soult), French general, DA GAMA, Vasco, Portuguese navigator, at, XVII. 22.

XXII. 279. x. 57, 181; his expedition to India, DAIRY, VI. 768; treatment of milk in, DALMATIAN DOG, VII. 330. XII. 796.

DALMATIC, ecclesiastical vestment, vi. DAGANA, town, Senegal, Africa, xxi. BREEDS, of cattle, I. 388. 660. Dais, in architecture, II. 463.

DALMAU, town, India, XX. 222. DAGGER, weapon, vi. 760; XXII. 800; DAISY, plant, VI. 773.

DALMENY PARK, Linlithgow, Scotland, ancient, II. 553; of Albacete, Spain, I. DAJJAL, Masih al, Mohammedan Anti XIV. 670. 446.

christ, 11. 126.

DALRIADS, Celtic race, in Ireland, xiii. DAGHESTAN, government, Asiatic Russia, DAKAR, town, Senegal, Africa, XXI. 660. 247; in Scotland, XXI. 473, 477. VI. 760. DAKER-HEN, bird, xx. 222.

DALRYMPLE, Sir David (Lord Hailes), D'AGINCOURT, Jean Baptiste, French DAKHEL, or Dakhila, oasis, Africa, XVII. Scottish lawyer and historian, XI. 374; archæologist, VI. 760. 695

XXII. 446. DAGMAR CROSS, VI. 614.

DAKIKI, Persian poet, ix. 225; XVIII. - G. E., explorer of Australian coast, DAGö, island, Russia, Baltic Sea, xvII. 656.

III. 107. 732.

DA-K10 (Mekong), river, Asia, xv. 832. Sir Hew, Scottish lawyer, XXII. DAGOBERT, king of France, IX. 530; DAKOTA, Territory, U.S.A., VI. 773; 446. tomb of, at St Denis, xxi. 161. population, XXIII. 802.

James, first Viscount Stair, ScotDAGON, Philistine deity, Vi. 761; XVIII. DAKOTAS, American Indians, xii. 827, tish jurist, XXII. 444. 756. 831.

Sir James, Scottish antiquary, XXII. DAGUERRE, Louis Jacques Mandé, DAKSHIN (Deccan, q.v.), India, VII. 18.

French painter and physicist, VI. 761; SHAHBAZPUR, delta island, India, Janet, Bride of Lammermoor, xxII. his contributions to photography, XV. 830.

444. XVIII. 822.

DAKSHIPUTRA (Panini), Sanskrit gram Thomas, Scottish physician, XXII. DAGUERREOTYPE, VI. 761; XVIII. marian, XXI. 292.

446. 823.

DALAI-LAMA, of Tibet, xiv. 230, 502; DALSGAARD, Danish painter, VII. 94. D'AGUESSEAU, Henri François, chan

XXIII. 343.

DALTON, John, English physicist, VI. cellor of France, Vi. 761.

DALBEATTIE, town, Scotland, XIV. 98. 784; his atomic theory, V.465; on the DAHÆ, ancient Iranian nomads, xviii. DALBERG, Prince of, patron of German specific gravity of air, III. 386. 588.

literature, Vi. 774.

DALTONISM, or Colour Blindness, VI. DAHHAK B. Kais, governor of Damascus, DALBERGIA, genus of trees, XX. 851. 784; VIII. 824. XVI. 569.

DALBURG, John of, bishop of Worms, DALTON'S LAW, of gases, Vi. 785; XVI. DAHIRAH, province, Arabia, II. 255.

XX. 490.

611. Dahl, Johann Christian, Norwegian DAL-Cais, dynasty of Irish kings, XIII. DALY, Robert, bishop of Kildare, XIII. painter, vi. 762. 253.

265. Michael, Swedish painter, Vi. 762. DALE, or Dahl, Vladimir Ivanovitch, DALYELL, Sir John Graham, his Vladimir Ivanovitch, Russian Russian writer, vi. 762.

aquarium, II. 217. writer, VI. 762.

D'ALEMBERT, Jean le Rond, French Dam, reservoir, xxiv. 406. DAHLAK, island, Red Sea, XX. 316. mathematician and philosopher, Vi. DAMAD ALI, Turkish vizier, xxIII. 646. DAHLGREN, Karl Fredrik, Swedish poet 774; IX. 671; his connexion with the DAMAGES, in law, VI. 787.

and humorist, VI. 763; XXII. 757. Encyclopédie, VIII. 197; on astro- DAMAN, Syrian hyrax, mammal, XII. DAHLIA, plant, VI. 763; XII. 255. nomy, II. 759; on the motion of fluids, 598. DAHLMANN, Friedrich Christian, Ger

XII. 437.

DAMARALAND, district, South Africa, man historian, vi. 763. DALGARNO, George, Scottish educational

XI. 731; languages of, xxiv. 828. DAHLSTJERNA, Gunno Eurelius, Swedish writer, VI. 776; on teaching deaf- DAMARAS, race, South Africa, their poet, vi. 764; XXII. 755. mutes, VII. 6.

totems, XXIII. 468. DAHNA, desert, Arabia, II. 240.

DALHOUSIE, town, New Brunswick, DAMARMENUS, fisherman, in Greek DAHOMEY, kingdom, West Africa, Vi.

XVII. 375.

mythology, XVIII. 480. 764.

Marquis of, governor-general of DAMAS (Damask, q.v.), cloth, xxIII. 210. DAHSHOOR, Dahshur, Egypt, India, vi. 776; XII. 808.

DAMASCENING, or Damaskeening, in Pyramids of, 11. 386; VII. 773; XX. DALI, Cyprus, Tablet of, vi. 750.

metal work, VI. 793; XIII. 81; XVI. 124.

DALIMIL, Chronicle of, Bohemian work, 78; of sword blades, vi. 733; XXII. 803. DAI BUtsu, colossal statue, Japan, XXII. 151.

DAMASCENUS, Johannes, theologian, XVII. 229.

DALIN, Olof von, Swedish poet, VI. 780; early Greek Church, vl. 789.
DAILLÉ, Jean, French Protestant divine,
XXII. 755.

Nicolaus, Greek historian, vi. 790. VI. 767.

DALKEITH, town, Scotland, vi. 780. DAMASCIUS, Neoplatonic philosopher, D'AILLY, Pierre, French cardinal, x. DALKEY ISLAND, Ireland, vii. 494. VI. 790; XVII. 338.

549; XVII. 132; XX. 320; XXI. 431. DALLA BELLA, his magnetic researches, DAMASCUS, ancient kingdom, XIII. 406. DAILY NEWS, London newspaper, XVII. XV. 237.

province, Asiatic Turkey, xxi. 419.

DALLÆUS (Jean Daillé), French Pro 653. DAILY TELEGRAPH, London newspaper, testant theologian, Vi. 767.

town, Syria, vi. 790; XXII. 822; XVII. 419.

DALLAS, town, Texas, U.S.A., XXIII. taken by the Arabs (635), II. 257; DAIMIEL, town, Spain, VI. 767.

205.

XVI. 562; as capital of Demetrius III. Daimio, territorial nobles of Japan, DALLING AND BULWER, Lord, British of Syria, xvIII. 595; mosque of, xvi. XIII. 578, 583. diplomatist, VI. 780.

865.

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