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XVI. 53.

I. 273.

ÆSCHINES, Greek orator, I. 208; VII. AETIUS, founder of Arian sect, I. 224. zinger, XVII. 33; by Park, XVIII. 70.

Greek physician, I. 225; XV. 804. 297 ; by Speke and Grant, XXII. 390; ÆSCHNIDÆ, family of insects, VII. 385. Roman general, I. 224; XX. 781; flora, VII. 289; forests, IX. 407; freshÆSCHYLUS, Greek tragedian, I. 208;

XXIV. 37

water fishes, XII. 672; gold, x. 744; VII. 405; XI. 140; his place in poetry, ÆTNA (Etna), volcano, Sicily, VIII. languages, xvIII. 778, 780; XXI. 643, XIX. 268. 627.

654; dictionaries of languages, VII. ÆSCHYNITE, mineral, XVI. 427. AETOBATIS, genus of fishes, XX. 300. 192; Christian missions, XVI. 517; ÆSCULAPIUS, god of healing, I. 209; VI. ÆTOLIA, province, Greece, I. 225; coins Negro race in, XVII. 316; oases, XVII. 444; XV. 799. of, xvII. 642.

695; rainfall, XVI. 153; religions, XX. ÆSCULAPIUS'S SNAKE, XXII. 194. ÆTOLIAN LEAGUE, I. 225; XI. 107. 362; slave trade in, XXII. 143. ÆSCULUS, genus of trees, XII. 205. ÆTOLIANS, people of Messenia, Greece, AFRICA, Petrarch's Latin poem, XVIII. ÆSERNIA (Isernia), ancient town, Italy,

711. XIII. 386; XXI. 249.

AETOMORPHÆ, group of birds, III. 713. South, birds of, xvill. 16. Æsir, gods of the Northmen, I. 209; | Æx, genus of birds, XXIII. 105.

AFRICAN RACE, in United States, XXIII. VII. 650.

AFANASIEF, Aleksandr Nikolaevich, 821. Æsis, or Æsium (Jesi), ancient town, Russian writer, I. 225.

AFRICANUS, Julius, church historian, Italy, XIII. 644.

AFARS, people of Central Africa, XXII. Æsop, Greek fabulist, I. 211; III. 181, 255.

Afsos, Sher Ali, Hindustani writer, xi. VIII. 837; Syriac translation of his AFER, Domitius, Roman orator, I. 225; 849. fables, xxII. 850.

XX. 187.

AFTER-EFFECT, in magnetism, xv. 258. Greek historian, I. 212.

AFFECTIONS, The, in Butler's philo- AFTER-Glow, in twilight, XXIII. 674. ÆSOPUS, Clodius, Roman actor, I. sophy, IV. 586; Stoic doctrine of, XXII. AFZELIUS, Adam, Swedish naturalist, 212; VII. 412. 567. See also Ethics.

1. 273. ÆSTHACYTES, sense-cells, in sponges, AFFIDAVIT, in law, I. 226.

Arwid August, Swedish historian,
XXII. 420.
AFFILIATION, in law, III. 426; XV.

I. 273
ÆSTHESIOMETER, for measuring sensi 779.

AGA, Turkish title, I. 273. tiveness of touch, XXIII. 480.

AFFINITY, or relationship, I. 226; AGADAH, of the Jewish Midrash, xvi. ÆSTHETIC FEELINGS, XX. 70.

systems of, ix. 22.

285, 503; XXIII. 36. ÆSTHETICS, I. 212; XVIII. 795; in rela Chemical, 1. 226, 153; V. 463, 464, AGADES, town, Central Africa, I. 273; to the fine arts, IX. 194; the name 473

XVII. 695. due to Baumgarten, III. 447; Herbart AFFIRMATION, in place of oath, I. 226; AGADIR, town, Algeria, XXIII. 422. on, XI. 720; Hutcheson on, XII. 411; XVII. 701.

town, Morocco, XVI. 831. Kant on, XIII. 852.

AFFONSO (Alphonso) I., king of Por- AGALMATOLITE, mineral, xvi. 425. ÆSTIVATION, of animals, XI. 787; of tugal, I. 618; XIX. 540.

AGAMAS, sacred books of the Jains, XIII. plants, IV. 13.

II., of Portugal, 1. 618; XIX. 541. 544.
AETAS, aborigines of the Philippines, III., of Portugal, 1. 618; xix. 542. AGAMEMNON, in Greek legend, I. 273;
XVIII. 752.

IV., of Portugal, 1. 618; XIX. 543. XI. 92; XVII. 827.
AETH, town, Belgium, II. 827.

V., of Portugal 1. 618; XIX. 544.

drama of Æschylus, 1. 209. ÆTHALEIA (Lemnos), island, Ægean VI., of Portugal, 1. 618; XIX. 548. AGAMI, bird, XXIII. 594. Sea, XIV. 436.

AFFRE, Denis Auguste, archbishop of AGAMIDÆ, family of lizards, xiv. 733, ÆTHELBERHT (Ethelbert), king of Paris, I. 226.

736. Kent, VIII. 278, 567.

AFGHANISTAN, I. 227; 11. 685, 694; con AGAMOGENESIS, in biology, III. 686; of ÆTHELFRITH (Ethelfrith), king of quest of, by Alexander, 1. 483; policy insects, XIII. 146.

Northumberland, VIII. 271, 278; XVII. of Ellenborough towards, VIII. 146; AGAÑ, town, Ladrone Islands, xiv. 569.

relations with India, XII. 807, 811; ÆTHELINGS, Saxon princes, vill. 289; with Persia, XVIII. 648; Ghur terri- AGAPE, love feast, I. 274. XVIII. 302.

tory in, I. 231; X. 569.

AGAPETUS I., pope, XIX. 493.
ÆTHELNOTH (Agelnoth), archbishop of AFGHANS, in India, XII. 792.

II., pope, xx. 788.
Canterbury, 1. 279.
AFGHAN TURKESTAN, I. 241.

Byzantine writer, I. 274.
ÆTHELRED, Saxon king of England, AFGHAN WAR, of 1839, XII. 807; of AGAPORNIS, genus of birds, XV. 28.
VIII. 286, 567.

1878, XII. 811.

AGARDE, Arthur, English antiquary, I. ÆTHELSTAN, Saxon king of England, AFIUM-KARA-HISSAR, town, Asiatic 274. 11. 830; VIII. 285.

Turkey, I. 244; XIV. 2.

AGAR-ELLIS, G. J. W., Lord Dover, VII. ÆTHELWULF, Saxon king of England, AFNU, language, Central Africa, XII. 381. vili. 568.

318.

AGARICUS, mushroom, ix. 832 ; XVII. ÆTHER, in interstellar space, viii. 568. AFRAGOLA, town, Italy, 1. 244.

74. of pharmacy, vill. 568.

AFRANIUS, Lucius, Latin poet, I. 244. AGARISTE,Wooing of, at Sicyon, XXII. 32. ÆTHIOPIA (Ethiopia, q.v.), country, Lucius, Roman consul, 1. 244. AGARPARA, town, India, xxIII. 673. Africa, viii. 611.

AFRICA, I. 245; ancient geography of, x. AGASIAS, Greek sculptor, I. 274. ÆTHIOPICA, Greek romance by Helio 14; XIV. 551; Ptolemy's geography AGASSIZ, Louis John Rudolph, naturalist, dorus, XI. 632; XX. 635.

of, xx. 95; ancient, conquest of by 1. 274; his classification of animals, ÆTHRA, of Greek legend, xxIII. 294. Vandals, xxiv. 58; coalfields, VI. 58; XXIV. 810; of fishes, XII. 634; on ÆTIOLOGY, in biology, 11. 688; its diamond mines, vii. 164; XI. 204; Echinodermata, II. 52; on naturaliza

relation to pathology, xvIII. 361; of XXIII. 518; explorations of, X. 182, 188, tion, I. 84; on the origin of man, II. parasitism, xvIII. 262; of

sponges, 194; XVII. 498, 504; XXIV. 763; by XXII. 426.

Barth, III. 401; by Bruce, iv. 393; AGATE, stone, l. 277; XVI. 389; XVII. AETION, Greek painter, I. 224.

by Livingstone, xiv. 720; by Mun 776.

200.

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IIO.

688.

IIO.

414; Arthur

1. 279.

AGATHARCHIDES, Greek grammarian, | AGISTMENT, Tithe of, 1. 283.

AGRET, town, Asiatic Russia, XXII. 821. I. 278.

AGISYAMBA, African country, in Pto- | AGRICOLA, Christoph Ludwig, German AGATHARCHUS, Greek painter, 1. 278. lemy's geography, xx. 95.

painter, I. 290. AGATHIAS, Greek historian and poet, I. AGLAOPHAMUS, Lobeck's work, XVII. Cnæus Julius, Roman general, 1. 278; 11. 103; IV. 612. 124.

289; in Britain, iv. 353 ; his invasion AGATHI ISLAND, Laccadives, XIV. 183. AGLY, river, France, xx. 128.

of Caledonia, Iv. 663; XXI. 471; life AGATHO, Greek tragedian, I. 278. AGMONDESHAM (Amersham)town, of, by Tacitus, XXIII. 20. AGATHOCLES, tyrant of Syracuse, I. 278; England, 1. 735.

Georg, German mineralogist, I. 290. XXII. 20, 816. AGNANO, lake, Italy, I. 283.

Johannes, German Reformer, I. AGATHYRSIANS, people of Transylvania, AGNATES, in Roman law, I. 283; XX. 290; II. 129. XXI. 575.

Johann Friedrich, German musiAGAVE, American aloe, I. 597; XII. 262. AGNESI, Maria Gaetana, Italian mathe cian, I. 290. SISALENSIS, sisal-hemp plant, matician, I. 283.

Rudolphus, German scholar, I. XXIV. 758.

Maria Teresa, Italian musician, I. 290. AGAW, or Agow, Abyssinian language, 284.

AGRICULTURAL HOLDINGS Act, of 1. 64; XXI. 655.

AGNI, Hindu god of fire, XII. 780; XXI. 1875 (English), XIV. 275; of 1883, XX. AGDE, town, France, I. 278.

276.

306. AGDISTIS, mother of the gods, xvIII. AGNOETÆ, heretical sect, I. 284. AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES, I. 305 ; list 691.

AGNOIOLOGY, theory of ignorance, ix. of, XXII. 227 AGE, I. 278; its influence on suicide,

AGRICULTURE, I. 291 ; effects of foreign XXII. 631; proportion of, in popula- AGNOLO, Baccio d', Florentine sculptor, competition on, VI. tion, xix. 515; longevity, XIV. 857. I. 284.

Young's contributions to knowledge of, AGEING, in calico-printing, IV. 687. — DA SIENA, Italian architect, 1. 285; XXIV. 755; small farms, I. 412; XIV. AGELADAS, Greek sculptor, I. 279; II. XXII. 39, 44.

268. 350; XVIII. 734.

AGNONE, town, Italy, 1. 284; tablet | AGRICULTURISTS, Education of, 1. 408. AGELNOTH, archbishop of Canterbury, found at, XIII. 446.

AGRI-DAGH, mountains, Transcaucasia, AGNOSTICISM, Kantjan, XVIII. 794;

XXIII. 514. AGEMA, Macedonian cavalry, XV. 140. XXIII. 246; in modern theology, XXIII. AGRIGENTUM (Girgenti), ancient town, AGEN, town, France, I. 279.

249.

Sicily, I. 417; XVIII. 729; XXII. 15, 16. AGENARDUS (Eginhard), biographer of AGNUS DEI, I. 284.

AGRIONIA, Greek festival, 1. 417; VII. Charlemagne, VII. 697.

AGOBARD, archbishop of Lyons, I. 284. 249. AGENCY, in law, I. 280.

AGOLANTI, Sandro di Giovanni, glass AGRIONIDÆ, family of insects, VII. 385. AGENDA, liturgical service book, xiv. paintings of, x. 670.

AGRIPPA, sceptical philosopher, XXI. 710.

AGONA, Carnival sports of the, Rome, v. 380. AGENT, in diplomacy, commerce, and

Henry Cornelius, German philolaw, l. 280; in partnership, xvIII. AGONALIA, Roman festivals, I. 284. sopher, I. 418. 330. AGONIC LINES, in magnetism, I. 284.

Herod, king of Judæa, I. 417; XIII. DE CHANGE, France, 1. 281. AGONOSTOMA, genus of fishes, XVII. 18.

426. AGE OF REASON, Paine's, XVIII. 136. AGONOTHETA, superintendent of Greek Herod, II., king of Chalcis, 1. 418; AGER PUBLICUS, Roman public lands, games, I. 284.

XIII. 426. I. 289; XX. 673.

AGORA, Greek market place, I. 285; of _Marcus Vipsanius, Roman general, AGESANDER, Rhodian sculptor, XIV. 293. Athens, III. 2, 8; Olympian, xvii. 1. 418. AGESILAUS, king of Sparta, I. 281; XVIII. 769.

AGRIPPINA, wife of Germanicus, 1. 419. 577.

AGORACRITUS, Greek sculptor, II. 356. mother of Nero, I. 419; XVII. 347. AGEUSIA, disease (loss of taste), xxIII. AGORANOMOI, Greek magistrates, I. 285. AGROTERAS THUSIA, Greek festival, I. 80.

AGORATUS, Lysias's speech against, xv. 420. AGGLUTINATIVE LANGUAGES, XI. 39; 119.

AGTELEK, village and cave, Hungary, I. XVI. 749; XVIII. 774. AGORDO, town, Italy, I. 285.

420; XII. 362. AGGREGATE COMBINATIONS, in me AGOSTA, town, Sicily, I. 285.

AGUA, Volcano de, Central America, I. chanics, xv. 762.

AGOSTINI, Leonardo, Italian antiquary, 420. AGGREGATION, States of, in physics, I. 1. 285.

AGUADO, Alexander Maria, Jewish 282.

AGOSTINO, Paolo, Italian musician, 1. banker, 1. 420. AGGTELEK, cave, Hungary, I. 420; XII. 285.

AGUARICO, river, Ecuador, vii. 646. 362.

DA SIENA, Italian architect, I. 285. AGUAS CALIENTES, town, Mexico, 1. 420; AGHA, Turkish title, I. 273.

VENEZIANO, Italian engraver, xv. XVI. 214; state, XVI. 214. MUHAMMAD, shah of Persia, 531.

AGUE, disease, IX. 126; XV. 316; XVIII. XVIII. 645. AGOUTI, genus of rodent mammals, I. 285.

394. AGHLABITES, African Moslem dynasty, AGRA, division and district, North- AGUESSEAU, Henry François d', French XVI. 579.

Western Provinces, India, 1. 285; XVII. chancellor and author, Vi. 761; IX. AGHRIM, Ireland, Battle of (1691), I.

572 ; town, I. 286.

670. 282.

AGRAM, town, Austria, 1. 287; VI. 592 ; AGUILAR, Grace, English authoress, I. Agilulf, king of the Lombards, xiv. university of, xxIII. 852.

420. 815. AGRAPHIA, disease, 11. 171.

DE LA FRONTERA, town, Spain, AGINCOURT, or Azincourt, Battle of AGRARIAN LAWS, Roman, I. 287; XIV.

(1415), 1. 282; VIII. 320; IX. 549. 261; XX. 737, 757, 759, 765, 767. AGUILLON, François – (Aguilonius), Agio, in commerce, 1. 283. AGREDA, town, Spain, I. 289.

mathematician, i. 420; on binocular Agis, kings of Sparta, I. 283. AGREEMENT, in law, vi. 322.

vision, XXII. 537.

XXV.

I 22.

1. 420.

AGUIRRA, Josef Saenz d', Spanish writer, | AHWAZ, town, Persia, I. 424.

physical properties of, 111. 28; XIX I. 420. Ai, three-toed sloth, XXII. 162.

240; purification of, by fire, I. 120; AGULHAS, Cape, South Africa, I. 420. , town, Palestine, I. 424.

as medium of conveying sound, I. CURRENT, XII. 822; XVII. 276. AIBUGHIR, gulf, Sea of Aral, xxIII. 634. 100; sound waves in, XXIV. 418; AGULIANS, Caucasian tribe, XIV. 475. AIDAN, St, bishop of Lindisfarne, 1. 424; temperature of, at different elevations, AGUSAN, river, Philippine Islands, XVIII. XIII. 249; XXI. 475.

I. 196; temperature of, over open sea, 752.

ancient Scottish king, I. 424.

XVI. 117; thermometric properties of, AGYLLA, or Care, town, Etruria, iv. AIDE-DE-CAMP, military officer, I. 425. XI. 574; diffusion of aqueous vapour 632; VIII. 635.

AIDIN, town, Asiatic Turkey, l. 425; in, vill. 729; errors from weighing AHA, bishop of Seleucia, Syriac writer, province, XXIII. 653.

in, XXIV. 478; weight of, III. 28, 32. XXII. 829. AIDS, feudal tribute, I. 425.

Air, country, Central Africa, l. 429; AHAB, king of Israel, 1. 420; VIII. 134; TO REFLECTION, Coleridge's work, XVII. 695. XIII. 406. VI. 138.

mountain, Sahara, Africa, XXI. 149. AHAGGAR, plateau, Sahara, Africa, XXI. AIGUILLE DU MIDI, mountain, France, AND FIRE, Scheele's treatise on, 149. XIII. 385.

XXI. 388. AHALA, Roman family, I. 421.

AIKEN, town, South Carolina, U.S.A., AIRAY, Henry, Puritan divine, 1. 430. AHALKALAKI, town, Transcaucasia, XXII. 288.

AIR BLAST, in forging, ix. 412; in iron Russia, XXIII. 514.

AIKENHEAD, David, Leighton's epi smelting, XIII. 290. AHAMS, race of people, Assam, II. 718; gram on, XIV. 427.

AIRDRIE, town, Scotland, 1. 430. XII. 791.

AIKIN, John, English writer, 1. 425. AIRE, river, England, I. 430. AHANTA, territory, Gold Coast, Africa, Lucy, English writer, 1. 425.

town, Landes, France, 1. 430. I. 421. AIKINITE, mineral, XVI. 395.

town, Pas-de-Calais, France, I. AHASUERUS, king of Persia, 1. 421; VIII. AIKMAN, William, Scottish portrait 430; XVIII. 340. 560.

painter, 1. 425.

AIRECHT, ancient Irish court, iv. 254. the Wandering Jew, XIII. 673. AILANTHUS SILKWORM, XXII. 60; silk AIREDALE COLLEGE, Bradford, EngAHAZ, king of Judah, I. 422; XIII. 412. from, XIV. 216.

land, iv. 197 AHAZIAH, king of Israel, 1. 422. AILANTO, tree, II. 320.

AIR-ENGINE, I. 428; XXII. 522. AHENOBARBUS, Roman family, I. 422. Ailly, Pierre d', French cardinal, x. AIR-GUN, I. 428. AHIRS, tribe, India, XVIII. 72; XV. 303. 549; XVII. 132; XX. 320; XXI. 431. Airolo, town, Switzerland, XXIII. 351. AHITHOPHEL, of Scripture, I. 422. AILRED, English historian, l. 425. AIR-PUMP, I. 429; XVI. 30; XIX. 246; AHL HADR, settled Arabs, II. 249. AILSA CRAIG, rock, Firth of Clyde, I. Guericke's invention of, XI. 245 ; AHMAD, Sayyid, Hindu Wahhabist, XI. 426.

Papin’s improvements on, XVIII. 228. 849.

AILURIDÆ, family of Carnivora, xv. MANOMETER, XV. 496. AHMADABAD, district and town, British

441.

AIR THERMOMETER, XI. 563. India, I. 422.

AIMÉ, G., on the temperature of the AIRY, Sir George B., on aberration of AHMAD KHAN BAHADUR, Urdu writer, Mediterranean, xv. 823.

eye-pieces, xxIII. 144; on the lunar XI. 850. Ain, department, France, I. 426.

theory, XVI. 801; on the solar paralAHMADNAGAR, district and town, British - river, France, XIII. 782; XX. 528. lax, XVIII. 250; on tides and waves, India, I. 423. AINAD, town, Arabia, I. 426.

XXIII. 372. AHMED I., Turkish sultan, XXIII. 644. AINE-CLIACH, ancient division, Ireland, AISHA, wife of Mohammed, xvi. 552. II., sultan, XXIII. 646. XIV. 649.

AISIN GIORO, Manchu legendary hero, III., sultan, I. 97; XXIII. 646. AINHARDUS (Eginhard), biographer of v. 649; XV. 467. KHAN, Mongol ruler, xvi. 748; Charlemagne, VII. 697.

AISLE, in architecture, I. 430. XXI. 91.

AINMÜLLER, Maximilian Emmanuel, AISNE, department, France, 1. 431. PASHA, Turkish vizier and poet, German glass-painter, I. 426.

AISTULF, king of the Lombards, xiv. XXIII. 656.

AINOS, tribe, Japan, I. 426; XIII. 581; 815. PASHA, Turkish vizier, XXIII. 645. their language, XIII. 586; dictionary AITKEN, W., on brass manufactures, Iv.

SHAH, Afghan ruler, I. 239, 424; of, vii. 192; in Saghalin, XXI. 147. 217. XII. 796.

AINSWORTH, Henry, English divine, I. AITON, William, British botanist, I. 431. B. TULUN, founder of an Egyptian 426; XII. 724.

AITZEMA, Leon van, Dutch historian, dynasty, XVI. 586. - Michael, Shaftesbury's letters to,

1. 431. AHOMs, Shan tribe, Burmah, XXI. 773. XXI. 732.

Aix, town, France, I. 431. AHR, river, Germany, XX. 20, 519.

Robert, author of Latin Dic AIX-LA-CHAPELLE, town, Rhenish AHRIMAN, Zoroastrian principle of evil, tionary, I. 427

Prussia, 1. 431; XX. 21; mineral water I. 424; VII. 136; XVII. 858; XXIII. 238; AINTAB, town, Syria, I. 427.

of, xvi. 435; peace of (1748), VI. 270; XXIV. 822.

AIR, I. 427; III. 28, 381; XVI. 114; XIX. IX. 586; treaty of (1668), 1X. 576. AHTS, American race, Mythology of, 240; XXIV. 157; constituents of, III. AIX-LES-BAINS, town, France, 1. 431; XVII. 148.

32; measurement of density of, ii. XXI. 332; mineral water of, XVI. 435. AHUACHAPAN, town, San Salvador, 381; expansion of, XII. 480; experi- AJACCIO, town, Corsica, 1. 432. Central America, XXI. 268.

ments on, by Cavendish, v. 272; flow AJAN, region, Africa, 1. 432. AHUDHEMMEH, Syriac writer, XXII. of, in pipes, XII. 490; force of, under | AJAX, in Greek legend, 1. 432. 834

compression, VIII. 209; geological Sophocles's drama, XXII. 272. AHUITZOTL, ancient Mexican ruler, XVI. influences of, x. 264; in relation to OILEUS, in Greek legend, 1. 433. 210.

health, XII. 567; use of hot in fur- AJEHO, town, Manchuria, 1. 433. AHURA-MAZDA, or Ormuzd (q.v.), Zoro naces, IX. 846; measurement of AJI, people, Central Africa, XXII. 256.

astrian principle of good, XVIII. 327; humidity in, XII. 569; impurities in, AJMIR, or Ajmere, district and town, XXIII. 238; XXIV. 822.

XXIV. 157; navigation of, I. 187; India, 1. 433; division, xx. 260.

XXII. 291.

XXII. 359.

II. 309.

XVIII. 94.

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AJODHYA, town, British India, viII. 855. | AKSARAI, river, Afghan Turkestan, 1. ALAPHION, early Syrian Christian, AJURUOCA, town, Brazil, I. 434.

241. AKABA, Gulf of, Red Sea, 1. 434; XX. 316. AK-su, town, Chinese Turkestan, I. 437; ALARCON, Hernando de, Spanish station for Moslem homages, XVI. XXIII. 638.

navigator, l. 442. 551.

AK-TUBE, town, Asiatic Russia, XXIII. Y MENDOZA, Juan Ruiz de, AKABAH, town, Arabia, I. 434.

627.

Spanish dramatist, l. 442; VII. 421; AKAKIA, Diatribe du Docteur, Voltaire's AKUAMU, country, West Africa, II. 217. work, ix. 671; XXIV. 289.

AKYAB, district and town, British Bur ALARIC, king of the West Goths, i. AKATZIRS (Khazars), people, Xiv. 60. mah, l. 437; II. 305.

442; X. 849; destruction of Athens AKBAR, the Great, emperor of Delhi, I. ALABAMA, State, U.S.A., I. 438; XXIII. by, ill. 10; in Italy, xx. 780; his 434; II. 700; XII. 794; XX. 110. 761; population, XXIII. 802.

relations to Stilicho, XXII. 550. KHAN, Afghan prince, I. 240.

Confederate cruiser, XXIII. 777, II., king of the Goths, I. 443. AK-DAGH (Ararat), mountain, Armenia, 782.

ALARUM CLOCK, VI. 24.

GROUP, Eocene rocks, X. 365. ALASCO, John, Polish theologian, 1. 443. AK DENIZ, lake, Syria, XXII. 821. ALABANDINE, mineral, XVI. 392. ALA-SHEHR, town, Asia Minor, I. 443. AKÉ, Pyramid of, Yucatan, xxiv. 759. RUBY, mineral, xvi. 386.

ALASKA, Territory, U.S.A., I. 443; area AKEMAN STREET, Roman road, England, ALABASTER, mineral, 1. 439; XV. 529; and population, XXIII. 802; purchased

XVI. 401.

from Russia, 1. 711; XXIII. 782; birds AKEN, town, Prussia, I. 435.

William, English writer, 1. 439. of, III. 752; seal fisheries of, xxi. 583. Hein van, Dutch romancist, XII. ALACALUFS, race, Tierra del Fuego, ALATAU, mountains, Central Asia, XXI. 90. XXIII. 384.

64; XXIII. 633, 637. AKENSIDE, Mark, English poet, 1. 435. ALACHUA, savanna, Florida, U.S.A., IX. ALATRI, town, Italy, l. 444. AKERBLAD, Jan David, Swedish Orien 338.

ALATYR, town, Russia, XXII. 77. talist, 1. 436.

ALACHUN DAGH, mountain range, Cau ALAUDA, genus of birds, XIV. 314. AKERMAN, town, Russia, 1. 436; conven casus, V. 255.

ALAVA, province, Spain, I. 444; XXII. tion of (1826), XXI. 20.

ALACRANES, islands, Gulf of Mexico, 1. 298. John Yonge, English numismatist, 440.

Miguel Ricardo d', Spanish general, 1. 436. ALA-DAGH, mountains, Asia Minor, II.

I. 445. ÅKERMANN, Prof., on iron and steel, 705.

ALAY, Turkish ceremony, I. 445. XIII. 282.

AL - AGHLAB, founder of a Moslem ALAZUN, river, Caucasus, V. 255. AKHAF, desert, Arabia, II. 240.

dynasty, XVI. 579.

ALB, ecclesiastical vestment, I. 445; VI. AKHALZIKH, or Akhaltsikh, town, Trans- ALAGHÖZ, mountain, Transcaucasia, 461.

caucasia, Russia, I. 436; XXIII. 514. XXIII. 514; sulphur from, XXII. 634. ALBA, town, Italy, I. 445. AKHBAR (Akbar, q.v.), emperor of Delhi, ALAGOAS, province, Brazil, 1. 440.

or Alba Longa (q.v.), ancient town, ALAHA-ZEKHA, Syriac writer, XXII. Italy, xiv. 344. AKHBARIS, Mohammedan theological 844.

or Alva (q.v.), Duke of, 1. 647. school, xxII. 665.

ALAI, plateau and mountains, Central ALBACETE, province, Spain, I. 445; XXII. AKHDAR, Jebel, province and mountain Asia, xvIII. 103; XXII. 3.

298; town, 1. 446. range, Arabia, II. 238, 255.

ALAIN DE LILLE, theologian, 1. 440; ALBACORE, fish, XXIII. 625.
Jebel al, district, Tripoli, North
XXI. 325.

ALBA LONGA, ancient town, Italy, l.
Africa, XXIII. 575.
ALAIS, town, France, I. 440.

445; XII. 166; XIV. 344; XVIII. 489. AKHISSAR, town, Asiatic Turkey, 1. 436. ALAJUELA, town, Costa Rica, 1. 441. ALBAN, St, British martyr, 1. 446. AKHMIN, town, Upper Egypt, vil. 794. ALA-KUL, lake, Central Asia, xxi. HILLS, Rome, xx. 807. AKHTUBA, branch from the Volga, 640.

ALBANI, Francesco, Italian painter, 1. Russia, XXIV. 279. ALALITE, mineral, xvi. 416.

446; XX. 396. AKHTYRKA, town, Russia, 1. 436. ALAM, emperor of Delhi, XII. 802.

Giovanni Francesco (Pope Clement AKIBA, Ben Joseph, rabbi, I. 436. ALAMANNI, Luigi, Italian poet, 1. 441. XI.), v. 822. AKIERMAN, cr Akerman, convention of ALAMANNIC LAW, XXI. 215.

ALBANIA, ancient country, Asia, I. 448. (1826), XXI. 20.

ALAMO, town, Texas, U.S.A., XXI. 254. Scottish kingdom, XXI. 477. AKKA (Acre), town, Syria, I. 120. ALAMOS, Los, town, Mexico, I. 441.

, province, Turkey in Europe, I. AKKAD (Accad), district, Mesopotamia, DE BARRIENTOS, Balthazar, Spanish 446; XXIII. 653.

philologist, I. 441.

ALBANIAN LANGUAGE, XVIII. 784; dicAKODAH, settlement, West Africa, X.755. ALAMUT, mountain fortress, Persia, II. tionaries of, vii. 189. AKOLA, district and town, British India, 723.

ALBANIANS, in Greece, XI. 83. 1. 436.

ALAN, William, cardinal, 1. 441. ALBAN MOUNT, Jupiter worshipped on, AKRA, citadel, Jerusalem, XIII. 641. ALAND ISLANDS, Gulf of Bothnia, I. XIII. 780. Jebel, mountain, Syria, XXII. 441.

ALBANO, town and lake, Italy, l. 448. 821.

ALANG-ALANG, grass, in Java, XIII. 602; Francesco, Italian painter, I. 446; AKRAGAS (Agrigentum), ancient town, in Sumatra, XXII. 639.

XX. 396. Sicily, l. 417; XXII. 16.

ALANS, or Alani, Eastern tribes, I. 441; | ALBANY, town, New York, U.S.A., I. AKRON, town, Ohio, U.S.A., I. 437; XVII. in Spain, xx. 780; XXII. 308; their 448; XVII. 454, 457; State library at, 737.

inroads on Persia, XVIII. 602; on XIV. 535, 550. AKROPONG, settlement, West Africa, Rome, xx. 780.

, town, Western Australia, xxiv. II. 217; X. 755.

ALANTIKA, mountain, Soudan, Africa, AKROSTOMUM, genus of nemertine XXII. 248, 277.

Louisa of Stolberg, countess of, i. worms, XVII. 326. ALANUS AB INSULIS, theologian, I. 440.

449; XXII. 99; her relations with AKSA, El-, mosque, Jerusalem, XIII. 642. | ALAOTRA, lake, Madagascar, xv. 169. Alfieri, 1. 502.

1. 434.

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508.

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ALBANY, Dukes of, regents of Scotland, | ALBINUS, Bernard Siegfried, anatomist, | ALCANTARA, town, Spain, I. 458.
XXI. 491, 497; XXII. 610.
1. 455, 814.

Knights of, 1. 458; XXII. 316. ALBARINE, river, France, XIII. 782.

Clodius, Roman general, xxi. 699. ALCARAZ, town, Spain, 1. 458. ALBARRACIN, district, Spain, XXII. 293. Flaccus (Alcuin), learned ecclesi- ALCARRAZAS, Spanish water-jars, II. 24. ALBATEGNI, Arabian astronomer,

astic, 1. 471.

ALCAVALA, Spanish tax, I. 458; XXII. 449; II. 751; XVI. 596; XXIII. 561. ALBION PRINTING PRESS, XXIII. 704. 320. ALBATROSS, bird, I. 449; XV. 334. AL-BIRUNI, Arabian geographer, xiv. ALCAYDE, Spanish officer, 1. 457. AL-BATTANI (Albategni), Arabian astro 57.

ALCAZAR, palace, of Segovia, XXI. 623; nomer, 1. 449; II. 751; XVI. 596. ALBIS (Elbe), river, Germany, VII. of Seville, XXI. 709; of Toledo, XXIII. ALBAY, town, Philippines, I. 449; vol. 825.

436. cano, XVIII. 749. ALBITE, mineral, XVI. 419.

DE SAN JUAN, town, Spain, I. ALBAZIN, town, Asiatic Russia, I. 747. ALBIZZESCHI, St Bernardino, Sienese 459. ALBE, ecclesiastical vestment, 1. 445. preacher, III. 603; XXII. 43.

KEBIR, town, Morocco, 1. 459. ALBEMARLE (Aumale), town, France, III. ALBIZZI, their contests with the Medici, ALCEDO, genus of birds, xiv. 85. 85.

XV. 783.

ALCELAPHUS CAAMA, species of anteGeorge Monk, duke of, xvi. 751. ALBOIN, king of the Lombards, I. 455; lopes, XI. 496.

island, Galapagos, Pacific, X. 17. XIII. 467; XIV. 814; XVII. 234. ALCEO, pastoral by Ongaro, XVIII. 345. ALBERIC, patrician of Rome, xx. 787. ALBORNOZ, Spanish cardinal, 1. 455; ALCESTE, in Greek legend, I. 459. ALBERONI, Giulio, cardinal and Spanish XX. 801.

, opera by Gluck, X. 694. minister, 1. 450; IX. 584; XXII. 337. ALBRECHT,

Albert, dukes of ALCESTER, town, England, 1. 459; XXIV. ALBERT I.-V., dukes of Austria, 1. 450. Austria, I. 450.

379. Achilles, elector of Brandenburg, ALBRECHTSBERGER,

Johann Georg, ALCESTIS, in Greek legend, 1. 459. XX. 4. musician, l. 455.

play of Euripides, viII. 674. the Bear, margrave of Brandenburg, ALBRECHTSBURG CASTLE, Meissen, ALCHEMY, I. 459; connexion of 1. 451; XX. 2. Saxony, xv. 831.

chemistry with it, V. 459. I., king of Germany, 1. 450; X. 493; ALBRET, Henri d', king of Navarre, xv. ALCHERIUS, Jehan, early writer on his rule in Switzerland, XXII. 782. 538.

dyeing, vil. 571. II., of Germany, 1. 450; X. 496. ALBUERA, village, Spain, I. 456. ALCHRED, Northumbrian king, XVII. cardinal, elector of Mainz, I. 451. ALBUFERA, Duke of (Suchet), French 570. first duke of Prussia, I. 451. marshal, xxII. 617.

ALCHUKU (Ajeho), town, Manchuria, I. king of Saxony, XXI. 356.

DE VALENCIA, lagoon, Spain, I. 433. king of Sweden, XXII. 746. 456; XXII. 295; XXIV. 33.

ALCIATI, Andrea, Italian jurist, 1. 467. prince consort, of England, I. ALBUM, I. 456.

ALCIBIADES, Greek leader, I. 468; XI. 451.

ALBUMAZAR, Arabian astronomer, I. 102; XVIII. 576. of Saxony, monk, on floating in the 456.

ALCIDAMAS, Greek political sophist, air, 1. 186.

ALBUMEN, 1. 456; in milk, xvi. 303; XXII. 265. of Stade, romancist, XX. 639. of plants, IV. 155.

ALCIMUS, Jewish high priest, XIII. 422.
ALBERTA, district, North-West Territory, PROCESS, in photography, xvIII. ALCINOUS, of Greek mythology, I. 468;
British America, XVII. 573.
824.

XIX. 559.
ALBERT EDWARD, Mount, Vancouver ALBUMENOIDS, nitrogenous carbon com Greek philosopher, I. 468.
Island, XXIV. 57.

pounds, XVII. 520.

ALCIONIUS, Petrus, Italian classical ALBERT HALL, London, XIV. 836. ALBUMINOID SUBSTANCES, of animal scholar, I. 472. ALBERTI, Leon Battista, Italian architect, origin, v. 579.

ALCIPHRON, Greek letter-writer, I. 468; I. 453; II. 437; XIII. 508; xx. 558. ALBUMINOUS DEGENERATION,

in XX. 636. ALBERTINE TRACTS, political pathology, XVIII. 390.

ALCIRA, town, Spain, I. 469; XXIV. 33. economy, XIX. 356.

ALBUMINURIA, disease, IV. 345; XVIII. ALCMAN, or Alemæon, Alexandrian ALBERTINI, Ippolito Francesco, Italian 387.

critic, I. 469; ancient MS. of his writphysician, xv. 815.

ALBUQUERQUE, town, Spain, I. 456. ings, XVIII. 146. J. B., Swiss poet, XXII. 799.

Alphonso d', Portuguese governor ALCMENE, mother of Hercules, I. 469. ALBERTITE, mineral, xvi. 428.

of India, I. 456; XII. 797.

ALCOCK, John, English bishop, I. 469. ALBERT NYANZA, lake, Africa, I. 453; Juan Alonzo de, minister of Pedro PROVINCE, North Borneo, XXI. XVII. 505. I. of Castile, XVIII. 450.

123. ALBERTRANDY, John Christian, Polish | ALCA, genus of birds, x. 78; XX. 302. ALCOHOL, I. 469; its action on the historian, I. 453. ALCÆUS, Greek poet, 1. 457.

brain, vii. 482; XIII. 102, 109; its ALBERTUS MAGNUS, scholastic philo- Alcaics, in poetry, 1. 457.

dietetic uses, VII. 204; diseases caused sopher, I. 453; XVI. 710; XXI. 427; on ALCAIDE, Spanish officer, I. 457.

by, VII. 50; XVIII. 407; in fermenting alchemy, I. 464; on birds, XVIII. 3; ALCALA DE GUADAIRA, town, Spain, I. dough, III. 254; formation of, iv. 275; his recipe for flying, I. 186. 457.

VII. 264; IX. 92; Liebig's investigaALBERTVILLE, town, France, XXI. 332. ALCALA DE HENARES, town, Spain, 1. tions on, xiv. 566. ALBI, town, France, I. 454.

458; birthplace of Cervantes, v. 347. Methyl, XVI. 194. ALBIGENSES, religious sect, 1. 454; XVI. ALCALA LA REAL, town, Spain, I. ALCOHOLOMETER, XII. 540. 710; XVIII. 434; XX. 322; crusades 458.

ALCOHOL THERMOMETER, XI. 562. against them, ix. 541.

ALCALDE, Spanish official, I. 458. ALCOHOLS, in chemistry, V. 553, 562. ALBIN, Eleazar, on birds, XVIII. 5. ALCAMENES, Greek sculptor, I. 458; 11. Alcoy, town, Spain, I. 471. ALBINISM, skin disease, XXII. 122.

356.

ALCUDIA, Duke of (Godoy), Spanish ALBINO, person abnormally white, 1. ALCAMO, town, Sicily, I. 458.

statesman, I. 471; XIX. 550; XXII. 342. 455.

ALCANTARA, seaport, Brazil, I. 458. ALCUIN, early English ecclesiastic, 1.

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