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XIII. 122.

XVIII. 389; diet for reduction of, vil. CORTES, Spanish legislature, XXII. 303. 647; Greek school of medicine at, xv. 204.

Hernan, conqueror of Mexico, vi. 800. CORPUS CHRISTI, church festival, Vi. 441; I. 707; X. 182.

COSCAROBA, bird, xxII. 732. 436.

Martin, his Art of Navigation, CosciNOMANCY, divining with a sieve, CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE, Cambridge, XVII. 252.

VII. 293; XVII. 818. IV. 731.

CORTHOL, musical instrument, XVII. COSECANT, in trigonometry, XXIII. 563. CORPUS CHRISTI COLLEGE, Oxford, 705.

COSEGUINA, volcano, Nicaragua, XVII. XVIII. 96.

CORTI, Rods of, in the ear, I. 894; VII. 477. CORPUSCLES, Blood, 1. 845.

593.

COSENZA, town, Italy, VI. 445; province, Ultramundane, in Le Sage's atomic CORTICATA, division of Protozoa, Xix. IV.651. theory, III. 46.

852.

Cosimo I. (dei Medici), grand-duke of CORPUSCULAR THEORY, of light, xiv. CORTICINE, floorcloth, xiv. 676.

Tuscany, xv. 789. 580, 598.

CORTICIUM CANDELABRUM, species of II., of Tuscany, XV. 792. CORPUS INSCRIPTIONUM GRÆCARUM, sponge, XXII. 414.

III., of Tuscany, xv. 793. CORTONA, town, Italy, vi. 442 ; VIII. DEI MEDICI (the Elder), ruler of CORPUS INSCRIPTIONUM LATINARUM, 635.

Florence, xv. 784; IX. 138. XIII. 127.

Luca da, Italian painter, xxII. COSIN, John, bishop of Durham, VI. 445; CORPUS Juris, of Justinian, XIII. 794. 50.

as hymn-writer, XII. 592. CORPUS JURIS CANONICI, V. 18. CORTOREAL, Gaspar, explorer of New-Cosine, in trigonometry, XXIII. 563. CORREA, greenhouse plant, XII. 263. foundland, XVII. 385.

Cöslin, town, Prussia, XIV. 143. DA SERRA, José Francisco, Portu- CORUISK, Loch, Skye, Scotland, xxII. COSMAS, Byzantine hymn-writer, XI. 146. guese politician and scientist, VI. 436. 127.

surnamed Indicopleustes, ancient CORRECTION, Houses of, XIX. 748. CORUÑA, province, Spain, XXII. 298; geographer, Vi. 445; X. 177. CORREGGIO, Antonio Allegri, Italian town, VI. 443.

of Prague, Bohemian historian, Vi. painter, vi. 437; XXI. 437, 443.

CORUNDOPHYLLITE, mineral, XVI. 414. 446. CORRESPONDENCE, in geometry, X. CORUNDUM, mineral, xvI. 385; xxi. COSMATI, family of architects and 392.

47 ; deposits of, in North Carolina, sculptors, Rome, XX. 834. CORRÈZE, department, France, Vi. 438. U.S.A., XVII. 560.

COSMO DE MEDICI. See Cosimo. CORRIB, Lough, Ireland, x. 55; XIII. CORUNNA, or Coruña, town, Spain, vi. COSMOGONY, VI. 446; Chaldean, III. 216; XV. 650.

443; battle of (1809), xvi. 805; Lord 193; myths of, 1. 460; XVII. 143, 156; CORRICHIE, Scotland, Battle of (1562), Paget at, II. 31.

of the Stoics, XXII. 564. XV. 595.

CORVARA, Pietro di (Nicholas V., anti- COSMOGRAPHY, Heylin's, XI. 785. CORRIE, mountain recess, XXI. 525. pope), xvII. 484.

COSMOLOGICAL THEISM, XXIII. 248. CORRIENTES, town, Argentine Republic, CORVEY, Benedictine abbey, Saxony, vi. COSMOLOGY, Parmenides's, XVIII. 315; 443; library of, xiv. 513.

Philo's, xvIII. 762; Pythagorean, XX. CORRIEVRECKAN, whirlpool, Scotland, CORVIDÆ, family of birds, VI. 617; 139. XXIV. 542.

XVIII. 48.

COSMOS, Humboldt's work, XII. 345. CORROSIVE SUBLIMATE, a chloride of CORVINUS, John Hunyady, king of -Anaxagoras's theory of the, II. I; mercury, xvi. 33; as poison, xix.

Hungary, XII. 367, 368; XXIII. 642. Kepler's, xiv. 47. 277.

Marcus Valerius Messala, friend COSNE, town, France, VI. 448; XVII. CORRUPT PRACTICES PREVENTION and patron of Tibullus, XXIII. 348. 496. ACT (1854), Iv. 278.

Matthias, of Hungary, XII. 367, COSSA, Balthasar (Pope John XXIII.), CORRY, town, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., VI.

368; xv. 634; library of, xiv. 515. XIII. 712. 439.

CORVISART-DESMARETS,

Baron de, Luigi, Italian economist, XIX. 394. CORSICA, island, Mediterranean, VI. French physician, VI. 443; xv. 816. COSSACKS, Russian tribes, Vi. 448; v. 439; XIII. 440; xv. 820; dialect of, Corvo, island, Azores, III. 172.

263; XXI. 79; origin of the name, XIV. XIII. 494; ceded to ancient Rome, XX. Corvus, genus of birds, vi. 617; XIII. 95; in Russian army, II. 610. 748; its connexion with France, XVII. 532; XX. 295, 842.

COSSIMBAZAR, town, India, XIV. 14. 193; under Theodore I., XVII. 362. - M. Valerius, Roman general, vi. Cossya Hills (Khasi Hills), district, CORSINI, Lorenzo (Pope Clement XII.), 444.

India, XIV. 58. V. 823

CORY, Giles, executed for witchcraft, in COSSYRA, island, Mediterranean, XVIII. -Marietta, wife of Machiavelli, xv. U.S.A., xxiv. 622.

214. 147.

CORYATT, Thomas, English writer, vi. COSTA, Lorenzo, Italian painter, XXI. CORSINIEÆ, class of liverworts, XVII.

444.

437, 443. 69.

CORYBANTES, in Greek mythology, vi. COSTÆ, or Ribs, Anatomy of, 1. 822. CORSLET, defensive armour, vi. 692. 444.

COSTAL JOINTS, Anatomy of, 1. 835. CORSOTHE, town, Mesopotamia, xvi. CORYLUS, genus of trees, XI. 548. COSTAMBONE(Kastamuni), town, Asiatic 48.

CORYPHÆUS, leader of chorus, in Greek Turkey, xiv. 14. CORSSEN, Wilhelm Paul, German philo tragedy, VI. 444

COSTANZO, Angelo di, Italian historian, logist, VI. 440. CORYPHODON, fossil ungulate mammal,

VI. 451. CORT, Cornelius, Dutch engraver, vi. XV. 426.

COSTA RICA, republic, Central America, 441.

CORYTHÆOLA, genus of birds, xxIII. VI. 449; Indian tribes in, XII. 828; CORTAILLOD, town, Switzerland, xvII. 487.

newspapers, XVII. 437. 362.

CORYTHUS, or Cortona, ancient town, COSTE, Jean J. C. V., on embryology, CORTE NOVA, town, Italy, XVII. 608. Italy, vi. 443.

VIII. 166, 167. CORTE-REAL, family of Portuguese Cos, island, Asia Minor, VI. 444; ancient COSTELLO, Dudley, English journalist, navigators, VI. 441. aqueduct at, 11. 219; coins of, xvii. VI. 451.

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VI. 439.

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COSTELLO, Louisa Stuart, English writer, COTTON, VI. 482; of Brazil, iv. 227; COUMARIN, perfume, XVIII. 526.
VI. 451.

of Egypt, vii. 708, 786; of India, XII. COUNCIL, Ecclesiastical, vi. 510; list of COSTER, Laurens, Dutch printer, xiv. 748; bleaching of, 111. 812; growth of, æcumenical councils, Vi. 511. 143; XXIII. 689, 691.

in Bombay, iv. 23; in the United Municipal, XVII. 27. Samuel, Dutch writer, XII. 94. States, xxIII. 824; in Georgia, U.S.A., Vatican (1869-70), XXIV. 110. COSTERMONGERS, in London, xiv. 829. X. 435; manufacture of, VI. 487; BLUFFS, town, Iowa, U.S.A., VI. Costilla, mountain, New Mexico, manufacture in England, viii. 230; 512. U.S.A., XVII. 399.

in India, XII. 761, 763; in Russia, OF BASEL (1431-43), III. 409. COSTNITZ, or Constance (q.v.) town, XXI. 849; at Lowell, U.S.A., XV.

CONSTANCE (1414-18), VI. Baden, vi. 297 29; dyeing of red colours on, VII.

297. Costs, Legal, vi. 451. 576.

OF TEN, Venetian, XXIV. 143. COSTUME, VI. 453; Celtic, V. 801 ; Charles, English writer, vi. 508; OF TRENT (1545-63), XXIII. 543;

Egyptian, VII. 723; early Irish, xin. his share in the Compleat Angler, Sarpi's History of, XXI. 312. 254; Persian, xvIII. 630.

XXIV. 342.

COUNT, title, VI. 512; XXIII. 418; Costus, incense, XII. 718.

- George Edward Lynch, bishop of German, XVIII. 461. COTA, Rodrigo, Spanish poet, VI. 479; Calcutta, vi. 508.

COUNTERPOINT, in music, XVII. 82. VII. 420.

John, New England Puritan, XII. COUNTERSCARP, in fortification, IX. COTAN (Khotan), district and town,

726.

422. Turkestan, xiv. 67.

Sir Robert Bruce, political writer COUNTESS, title, Vi. 512; VII. 595. COTANGENT, in trigonometry, XXIII. and founder of Cottonian library, Vi. COUNT JULIAN, Landor's tragedy, xiv. 563. 509.

278. CÔTE D'OR, department, France, VI. 479. Stapleton, Viscount Combermere, COUNTRY WIFE, The, Wycherley's play, COTENTIN, district, Normandy, France, VI. 181.

XXIV. 706. XV. 458; XVII. 540.

FIBRE, IX. 133.

COUNTY, administrative area, Vi. 512; COTES, Roger, English mathematician, COTTONIAN LIBRARY, British origin of, in England, VIII. 273; VI. 479; his Logometria, xvII. 256; Museum, VI. 509.

American, XXIII. 731, 827. Newton's correspondence with, XVII. COTTONIAN MSS., British Museum, COURT, Jurisdiction of, vi. 513. 447

XIV. 515.

COUP D'ÉTAT, of Louis Napoleon (1851), CÔTES-DU-NORD, department, France, COTTON PAPER, XVIII. 218.

XVII. 228.
VI. 479.
COTTON-SEED CAKE, XVII. 739.

COUP DE SOLEIL, or Sunstroke, xxII. COTESWOLD Hills, Gloucestershire, COTTON-SEED OIL, XVII. 745.

666. England, x. 687.

COTTON-SPINNING, Robert Owen's im- COURAYER, Pierre François le, French COTHAM STONE, or Landscape Marble, provements in, xvIII. 87.

theologian, vi. 514. XV. 529.

COTTON-SPINNING FRAME, Invention COURBARIL, tree, II. 55. CÖTHEN, town, Germany, xiv. 144.

of, 11. 541.

COURIER, of ambassador, 1.658; COTILE, genus of birds, xv. 581. COTTONSTONE, mineral, XVI. 423. Government, XIX. 562. COTOCACHI, mountain, Ecuador, VII. COTTON-WOOD, tree, XIX. 512.

Paul Louis, French writer, Vi. 514; 645. COTTON YARNS, XXIV. 731.

IX. 673.
COTOPAXI, volcano, Ecuador, VI. 480; COTTUS, genus of fishes, XVI. 320. COURLAN, bird, xx. 223.
VII. 644.
COTUNNITE, mineral, xvi. 384.

COURLAND, province, Russia, vi. 515; COTRONE, town, Italy, vi. 616.

COTURNIX, genus of birds, XX. 146. XXI. 69. CotswOLD SHEEP, 1. 392.

COTYLE, Greek measure, XXIV. 485. COURNOT, Augustin, French economist, COTTA, Johann Friedrich, German theo- COTYLEDONS, in plants, 1v. 92, 156. XIX. 386. logian, Vi. 480.

COTYLOPHORA, group of ungulate COURONS, tribe, Lithuania, XIV. 702. Johann Georg, German publisher, mammals, XV. 430.

COURS, town, France, XX. 529. VI. 480.

COTYORA, town, Asia Minor, XIX. COURSER, bird, xix. 228. VON COTTENDORF, Georg, German 459.

COURSING, with greyhounds, vi. 515. publisher, VI. 481. Cotys, Thracian kings, VI. 509.

COURT, COURTS, Judicial, vi. 516; of VON COTTENDORF, Johann Fried COUAGGA (Quagga), ungulate mammal, appeal, 11. 209; of summary jurisdicrich, German publisher, VI. 480; XVII. xx. 146.

tion, XXII. 641; English, viII. 261; 428. COUCH, fish, XXI. 223.

records of English, xx. 311; Federal, COTTABATO, volcano, Philippines, XVIII. COUCHES, furniture, IX. 850.

United States, XXIII. 750; Moslem, 749. COUGHING, abnormal respiration, xx.

XVI. 591. COTTABUS, Greek game, vi. 481. 479.

Contempt of, vi. 318. COTTAGERS OF GLENBURNIE, Mrs COUGOUAR, carnivorous mammal, xv. Antoine, French Protestant, VI. Hamilton's story, XI. 415. 435; XX. 104.

519; XIX. 695; missionary of the COTTAGE SYSTEM, for farm labourers, COULANGES, Christophe de, Abbé de Camisards, IV. 744. in Scotland, 1. 409. Livry, XXI. 703.

DE GEBELIN, Antoine, French COTTBUS, town, Prussia, XIV. 144. COULOMB, Charles Augustin, French scholar, vi. 520. COTTENDORF, Cotta von, German pub physicist, VI. 509; his contributions to COURTESY TITLES, British, xix. 665. lishers, VI. 480. See Cotta.

the science of electricity, VIII. 9, 18; to COURT FOOLS, IX. 366. COTTEREAU, Jean, French royalist, v. science of magnetism, XV. 237, 249. COURTHOSE, Robert, founder of New686.

electrical unit of measurement, castle-on-Tyne, XVII. 379. COTTIAN ALPS, 1. 623.

XXIII. 116.

COURT MARTIAL, VI. 517; XVI. 297. COTTIN, Sophie, French novelist, VI. 481. COULTER, Loch, Stirlingshire, Scotland, COURTNEY, William, archbishop of COTTIUS, chief of Segusio (Susa), Italy, XXII. 553.

Canterbury, XXIV. 711.
XXII. 722.
COULTERNEB, bird, xx. 101.

COURT OF LOVE, by Chaucer, V. 451.

XXIII. 121.

COURT OF SESSION, in Scotland, XXI. his friendship with John Newton, CRAMP, muscular disease, VI. 543; rings 535.

XVII. 449; hymns by, xii. 594; his worn as preservative against, XX. 561. COURTOIS, Jâques and Guillaume, place in English literature, VIII. 429. CRAN, river, England, XVI. 279. French painters, VI. 520.

COWPER, William, anatomist, 1. 813. CRANACH, Lucas, German painter and COURTRAI, town, Belgium, vi. 520; COWPER'S WRITING - TELEGRAPH, caricaturist, VI. 543; V. 104 ; XXI. battle of (1302), IX. 544.

438, 443. COURTS. See Court.

Cow-Pox, XIII. 623; XXIV. 25, 204. CRANBERRY, plant and fruit, VI. 545; COURTSHIP OF MILES STANDISH, Cowry, shell and money, Vi. 535, 766.

XII. 270.
Longfellow's poem, xiv. 861.
COWSLIP, plant, XIX. 737.

CRANBORNE CHASE, Wilts, England, COUSA, or Phalanger, marsupial mam Cows OF ATHOR, in Egyptian XXIV. 593. mal, xvIII. 727. mythology, III. 14.

CRANBROOK, town, England, VI. 546. Cousin, Victor, French philosopher, vi. Cox, David, English painter, VI. 535 CRANE, bird, vi. 546. 521; IX. 674.

Richard, bishop of Ely, Vi. 537.

hoisting machine, VI. 547. Coustou, Nicholas and Guillaume, CoxcIE, Michael, Flemish painter, vi. Francis, English tapestry designer, French sculptors, Vi. 528. 537.

XXIII. 213 COUTANCES, town, France, Vi. 529; Coxcox, the Mexican Noah, XVI. 209. DANCE, in Greece and Siberia, district, XVII. 539. Coxe, William, archdeacon, English

XXIII. 294. COUTHON, Georges, French Revolu writer, Vi. 537

CRANE-Fly, insect, VII. 256. tionist, vi. 529; XX. 604.

Coxon, John, buccaneer, iv. 410. CRANESBILL, plant, X. 439. COUTTS, Thomas, English banker, vi. COXWELL, Henry T., aeronaut, I. 193.

CRANGANORE, town, India, XIV. 135. 529.

COYNE AND LIVERY, right of free CRANGON, genus of Crustacea, XXI. COVELLINE, mineral, XVI. 393.

quarters, in Ireland, xiii. 262.

846. COVENANT, Book of the, Pentateuchal, COYPEL, family of French painters, vi. CRANIADÆ, family of Brachiopoda, iv. XVIII. 509. 537

194. National (1638), in Scotland, XI. COYPU, rodent mammal, xv. 420; XVI. CRANIAL NERVES, 1. 880; XIX. 42. 651; XXI. 512.

301.

CRANIATA, division of vertebrate Solemn League and, in Scotland Coysevox, or Coyzevox, Charles An animals, xxiv. 181, 812. (1643), vi. 530; XXI. 513.

toine, French sculptor, vi. 537; XXI. CRANIUM, or Skull, i. 822; XXII. 113; COVENANTERS, in Scottish history, Vi. 563.

of American Indians, XII. 824; surgery 529; XIX. 682; XXI. 515; persecution CRAB, crustacean, vi. 538, 655; sperma of, XXII. 688; successive stages of, in of, by Claverhouse, VII. 537. tozoon of, XX. 411; fisheries, 1X. 265.

the fowl, ill. 700. COVENT GARDEN MARKET, London, CRABBE, George, English poet, vi. 539. CRANK-SHAFT, of steam-engine, XXII. XIV. 829, 847

CRAB ISLAND, West Indies, XXIV. 261. 509. COVENTRY, town, England, vi. 530; CRAB ORCHARD, spa, Kentucky, U.S.A., CRANMER, Thomas, archbishop of Canterpopulation, XXIV. 379; ribbons of, XVI. 436.

bury, VI. 548; VIII. 333, 340; XI. 664; XX. 532.

CRACINÆ, group of birds, vi. 709. leader of the Reformation in England, CHAIR, driven as tricycle, XXIII. CRACKER, in pyrotechny, xx. 136. XX. 330; his influence on the English 560. CRACKNELS, biscuits, HII. 252.

Church, VIII. 376. PLAYS, English miracle-plays, vii. Cracow, town, Austrian Poland, Vi. CRANNOGS, Celtic lake dwellings, Vi. 414.

540; university of, xix. 300, 306; 552; II. 384; XIV. 223. COVE OF CORK (Queenstown), town, XXIII. 840, 851.

CRANTOR, Greek philosopher, Vi. 552. Ireland, xx. 175.

CRADLE MOUNTAIN, Tasmania, XXIII. CRANTZ, Albert, German historian, Xiv. COVERDALE, Miles, translator of 72.

146. English Bible, vi. 531; his version, CRAFT-GUILDS, VI. 39; XI. 261. CRAON, Robert de, grand-master of VIII. 385.

CRAFTSMAN, The, Amhurst's news Knights Templars, XXIII. 160. COVERED WAY, in engineering, XXIII. paper, 1. 738; xx. 104.

CRAPE, silk fabric, vi. 553. 622; in fortification, IX. 445.

CRAFTSMEN, as distinct from labourers, CRASHAW, Richard, English poet, VI. Covilha, town, Portugal, vi. 531; XIX. XIV. 166.

553. 537.

CRAIG, John, Scottish Reformer, Vi. 541. CRASSAPUILL TROUT, fish, XXI. 223. COVILHAM, Pedro

Pedro de,

de, Portuguese Dr John, friend of Napier, xvii. CRASSUS, L. Calpurnius, conspirator traveller, 1. 65; X. 180. 182.

against the emperor Nerva, XVII. 353. COVINGTON, town, Kentucky, U.S.A., Sir Thomas, Scottish jurist and Lucius Licinius, Roman orator, VI. 531; XVII. 406. poet, vi. 541; XVII. 177; XXI. 543.

VI. 553. Cow, Milch, management of, 1. 390; VI. CRAIGENTINNY MEADOWS, Edinburgh, Marcus Licinius, Roman triumvir, 768; diseases of, xxiv. 204; milk of, Sewage irrigation of, 1. 374.

VI. 554; XIX. 451; XX. 763, 765; his XVI. 303; respect paid to, by Hindus, CRAIGNETHAN CASTLE, Lanark, Scot invasion of Mesopotamia, XVIII. 596. IV. 211; by Zoroastrians, XXIV. 822. land, xiv, 251.

CRATÆGUS, genus of plants, xi. 536. The, statue by Myron, xvII. 120. CRAIK, George Lillie, English writer, CRATER, ancient cup, xix. 180, 614. COWELL, John, English jurist, VI. 531.

VI. 542.

CRATES of Athens, actor and writer of Cowes, West and East, towns, Isle of CRAIL, town, Scotland, vi. 542.

comedies, Vi. 554. Wight, vi. 531.

CRAJOVA, town, Roumania, XIV. 146. of Mallus, grammarian and Stoic COWEY STAKES, in Thames, Middlesex, CRAKE, bird, vi. 542; XX. 224.

philosopher, VI. 554; XI. 43; xv. 516. England, XVI. 281.

CRAMALT CRAIG, mountain, Scotland, of Thebes, Cynic philosopher, VI. COWLEY, Abraham, English poet, vi. XVIII. 451.

554. 532; VIII. 418.

CRAMER, Gabriel, his method of deter- CRATHIS, river, Lucania, Italy, xv. 37. Cow-PARSNIP, as forage plant, I. 378. minants, I. 516.

CRATINUS, Greek comedian, vi. 554. COWPER, William, English poet, VI. 533; CRAMMING, for examinations, viII. 779. CRATIPPUS, Greek historian, Vi. 554.

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CRATIPPUS, Peripatetic philosopher, vi. CREEK INDIANS, North America, x. CRESWICK, Thomas, English painter,
554.
437; XII. 828, 835.

VI. 568.
CRATYLUS, Plato's dialogue, XIX. 202. CREEK TOWN, Calabar, West Africa, CRETACEOUS Rocks, X. 357.
CRAU, district, France, iv. 169.

IV. 649.

CRÊT DE LA NEIGE, mountain, Switzer. CRAUFORD, Quentin, English antiquary, CREFELD, town, Germany, VI. 565; silk land, xill. 781. VI. 554.

manufacture of, xxII. 65.

CRETE, or Candia, island, Mediterranean, CRAWFORD, Earl of, his observatory, CREIL, town, France, xvii. 749.

VI. 569; XV. 820; XXIII. 653; its conDun Echt, Scotland, XVII. 711. CREMA, town, Italy, VI. 565.

nexion with Phænicia, xvIII. 805; Thomas, American sculptor, vi. CRÉMAILLÈRE LINES, in fortification, cession of, to the Turks (1669), XI. 554. IX. 435, 437

121 ; XXIV. 147; coins of, xvii. 635, William Harris, American states CREMATION, method of disposing of 643; Greek dialect of, XI. 133; weights man, XXIII. 759, 761, 788. human corpses, VI. 565.

and measures, XXIV. 490. ISLAND, Sierra Leone, Africa, CREMNA, town, Asia Minor, XIX. 130. CRÉTIN, Guillaume, early French writer, XXII. 45.

CREMONA, province, Italy, VI. 567. IX. 647. CRAWFURD, John, English political town, Italy, Vi. 567; its school of CRETINISM, disease, VI. 572; XIII. 98; writer, vi. 555.

painting, XXI. 437, 443; violin makers XVIII. 375, 385. CRAYER, Gaspard de, Flemish painter, of, xvii. 98.

CREUSE, department, France, Vi. 574. VI. 555.

CREMORNE, musical instrument, XXIII. CREUSOT, or Creuzot, town, France, VI. CRAY-Fish, crustacean, vi. 643, 658; of 489.

575; XXI. 302. Mammoth Cave, U.S.A., XV. 450. CRENELLE, in architecture, II. 463.

COMPANY, France, their iron CRAYON, material for drawing, VI. CRENIDES (Philippi), ancient town, works, XXI. 332. 555.

Macedonia, XVIII. 746.

CREUTZ, Gustav Philip, Count, Swedish CRAZY MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., XXIII. CRENILABRUS, genus of fishes, xxiv. poet, VI. 574; XXII. 756. 797. 686.

CREUZER, Georg Friedrich, German CREAM, of milk, xvi. 303, 305; clotted, CREOLE, VI. 567; XVII. 319.

philologist, VI. 574; on mythology, VI. 771. CREON, king of Corinth, in Greek fable,

XVII. 137 OF TARTAR, chemical salt, vi. VI. 567; XIII. 596.

CREUZNACH, town, Prussia, XIV. 148. 556; XXIII. 69.

king of Thebes, in Greek fable, vi. CREUZOT, or Creusot, Le, town, France, CREAMOMETER, XVI. 305.

567

VI. 575; XXI. 302. CREASOTE, or Creosote, antiseptic, drug, CREOSOL, product of wood-tar distilla- CREVASSES, in glaciers, X. 627. and poison, vi. 556; XXIII. 57.

tion, XXIII. 57.

CREVAUX, Jules, explorer of Pilcomayo CREATIN, or Creatine, nitrogenous car CREOSOTE, or Creasote, antiseptic, drug, river, xix. 188. bon compound, xvii. 519; XIX. 24. and poison, VI. 556; XXIII. 57.

CRÈVE-CEUR, fowl, xix. 645. CREATION, in Arabian philosophy, II. OIL, XXIII. 59; as fuel, ix. 809. CREVIER, Jean Baptiste Louis, French

266; evolutionist view of, viii. 752; CRESCENT, The, its adoption by the writer, vi. 575.
myths of, xvII. 146, 156; theories of, Turks as their symbol, iv. 615. CREWE, town, England, vi. 575.
VI. 446.

THE CROSS, Warburton's CREWELS, worsteds, xiv. 127.
The, Haydn's oratorio, XI. 539. work, XXIV. 367.

CREX, genus of birds, xx. 222. - OF MAN, The, early traditions CRESCENTIA, Roman martyr, XXIV. CRIBBAGE, game, Vi. 575. regarding, I. 136, 137 ; myths of, 266.

CRIBLÉ, method of engraving, VIII. 437. XVII. 157

CRESCENTIUS, or Crescenzio, Roman CRICETUS, genus of rodent mammals, OF THE WORLD, Era of the, v. patrician, XIII. 711; XX. 789.

XI. 433; XV. 419. 713.

CRESCENZIO, Cardinal, president of CRICHTON, James, The Admirable CRÉBILLON, Claude Prosper Jolyote, council of Trent, XXIII. 546.

Crichton, Vi. 577. French novelist, VI. 556; 1X. 666. CRESCIMBENI, Giovanni Mario, Italian Sir William, Scottish chancellor, , Prosper Jolyote de, French poet, poet, Vi. 568; XV. 145.

XXI. 493. VI. 557; VII. 425; 1X. 665.

CRESOL, product of wood-tar distilla- CRICKET, game, Vi. 578. CRÉCY, or Cressy, town, France, Vi. tion, XXIII. 57

insect, VI. 578; XIII. 152; mole 557; battle of (1346), vii. 686; VIII. CRESPHONTES, king of Messenia, cricket, as wheat pest, XXIV. 534. 318; 1X. 546. Greece, XVI. 53.

CRICKLADE, town, England, vi. 582; CREDI, Lorenzo di, Italian painter, vi. CRESPI, Daniele, Italian painter, vi. representation, XXIV. 594. 557; XXI. 435, 442.

568.

CRIEFF, town, Scotland, vi. 582; XVIII. CREDIT BANKS, in Germany, Schulze Giovanni Battista, Italian sculptor, 667. Delitzsch's, VI. 214, 339.

VI. 568.

CRIME, VI. 582; in primitive communiCREDIT COMPANIES, III. 328.

Giuseppe Maria, Italian painter, ties, vill. 624; in British army, XVI. CRÉDIT FONCIER, CRÉDIT MOBILIER, VI. 568.

299; juvenile, xx. 338; police action credit banks, vi. 557.

CRESPY, France, Peace of (1544), 1x. 557. in regard to, xix. 334; punishment CREDITON, town, England, vi. 558. CRESS, vegetable, XII. 281, 289.

of, xix. 747; Roman law in relation CREDITOR AND DEBTOR, XVIII. 440 ; Water, plant, XVII. 239.

to, xx. 675. in Roman law, XX. 685. CRESS-SEED OIL, XVII. 744.

CRIMEA, peninsula, Russia, VI. 585; III. CREDNERITE, mineral, xvi. 387. CRESSWELL, Sir Cresswell, English 796; population of, XXIII. 70; conquest CREDOS, Sierra de, mountains, Spain, judge, VI. 568.

of, by Russia (1771), XXI. 100; annexed XXII. 294.

CRESSY, or Crécy, town, France, vi. 557; by Russia (1783), xxIII. 647; ancient CREECH, Thomas, English translator, battle of (1346), VII. 686; VIII. 318; plate found in, xix. 182. VI. 558.

IX. 546.

CRIMEAN WAR (1854), xxi. 651; I. CREEDS, authorized formularies of CREST, in heraldry, XI. 709.

46; VIII. 366; IX. 623; XVII. 228, 486; doctrine, vi. 558.

town, France, vl. 568.

XX. 220; XXI, 102; its influence on

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VI. 595.

Germany, X. 509; siege of Sebastopol, XX. 439, 444; olfactory organs of, CROPS, Agricultural, 1. 354; in Middle XXI. 616.

XXII. 166; in Lankester's classification, Ages, 294 ; rotation of, 1. 340; CRIMINAL COURTS, England, vi. 516. XXIV. 812. Sec Crocodile.

Liebig's chemical analysis of, xiv. CRIMINALIS, Antonio, Jesuit missionary, CROCOISITE, mineral, xvi. 403.

567. XVI. 513 CROCUS, plant, XII. 255.

CROQUET, out-door game, Vi. 608. CRIMINAL LAW, VI. 587; Feuerbach on, Autumn, plant, vi. 124.

CROQUIS, Alfred (Daniel Maclise), IX. 124.

CRESUS, king of Lydia, VI. 594; II. 712; Scottish painter, xv. 165. CRIMMITZSCHAU, town, Saxony, VI. XV. 99; overthrown by Cyrus, VI. CROSBIE, aeronaut, I. 191. 590.

753 ; XVIII. 565.

CROSBY'S STEAM INDICATOR, XXII. CRIMSON DYES, VII. 575; cochineal, vi. CROFT, William, English musical com 490. 97; kermes, XIV. 49.

poser, VI. 594.

CROSIER, or Crozier, archbishop's staff, CRIM (or KRIM) TATARS, XVI. 748; CROFTERS, Scottish, XXI. 531 ; XXII. VI. 463, 614. XXII. 174.

127; in Orkney and Shetland, xviii. Cross, instrument for inflicting capital CRINAN CANAL, Scotland, 11. 500.

847.

punishment, vi. 610; sacred symbol, CRINOIDEA, order of Echinodermata, |-CROFTING, in bleaching, III. 820.

vi. 612; supposed relics of Christ's, vi. VII. 635.

CROFTON, Sir Walter, his system of 611; stigmatization of, XXII. 549. CRISA, or Crissa, ancient town, Greece, prison discipline, xix. 754.

in architecture, II. 463. VI. 590; XVIII. 801.

CROGAN PALACE, Roscommon, Ireland, in heraldry, xi. 695. CRISIA EBURNEA, species of Polyzoa, XX. 850.

CROSS-BEARINGS, of the sun, in navigaXIX. 438.

CROGHAN KINSHELA, mountain, Ire tion, XVII. 271. CRISPIN, Le Sage's drama, XIV. 472. land, xxiv. 521.

CROSSBILL, bird, vi. 614; migrations of, AND CRISPINIAN, Sts, Vi. 590.

CROIX-DE-RAU (Rocroi), town, France, III. 769. CRISPINUS, satirized by Juvenal, XIII.

XX. 616.

CROSS-BRED SHEEP, I. 393. 805.

CROKE, Richard, early English scholar, CROSSES, Sculptured, English, XXI. 557. CRISSA, ancient town, Greece, vi. 590;

VIII. 414.

CROSSING OF BREEDS, of animals, iv. XVIII. 801. CROKER, John Wilson, English critic,

246, 250. CRISTATELLA MUCEDO, species of

VI. 595.

CROSSING THE BROOK, Turner's Polyzoa, XIX. 432.

Thomas Crofton, Irish antiquary, picture, xxIII. 666. CRISTOFANO, Francesco di, Italian

CROSSLEY'S OBSERVATORY, Bermerside, painter, ix. 689. CROLL, James, on climate, X. 218.

England, XVII. 711. CRISTOFORI, Bartolomeo, inventor of CROLY, George, English divine and poet, CROSSOPUS, genus of insectivorous pianoforte, XVII. 94; XIX. 70. VI. 595.

mammals, XV. 403; XXI. 844. CRITIAS, Greek orator and poet, VI. 591; CROMARTY, county, Scotland, vi. 596; CROSSORHINUS, genus of sharks, xxi. on the development of man, viii. 756. XX. 853; XXI. 528; town, VI. 596; XX. 775. Plato's dialogue, XIX. 209. 854.

CROSSRAGWELL, Abbot of, his disputaCritic, The, Sheridan's play, XXI. 799. CROME, John, English painter, vi. 596;

tion with Knox, XIV. 132. CRITICISM, relation of Italian humanism XXI. 441, 444.

CROSS - STAFF,

astronomical and to, XX. 386.

CROMLECH, monumental stone or circle nautical instrument, xvII. 251, 254, CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON, Kant's of stones, vi. 597; II. 383; III. 397; use of, in finding latitude, X. 187. work, xill. 850.

XXI. 51; in Cornwall, England, vi. CROTALIDÆ, family of snakes, xxii. CRITO, Plato's dialogue, XIX. 199. 427; in Wiltshire, England, III. 144;

193, 198. CRIVELLI, Carlo, Venetian painter, vi. in Ireland, vii. 383; in Peru, II. 451. CROTALUS, genus of snakes, XX. 293; 591; XXI. 436.

CROMMYONIAN Sow, of Greek legend, XXII. 198. Uberto (Pope Urban III.), xxiv. XXIII. 294.

CROTCH, William, English musical com8.

CROMPTON, Samuel, inventor of the poser, VI. 615; XVII. 97. CRIVETS, north-east wind, in Roumania, spinning mule, Vi. 597, 496.

CROTONA, or Croton, ancient town, Italy, XXI. 15.

CROMWELL, Oliver, Lord Protector of the VI. 615; Pythagoras at, xx. 138. CROAGH PATRICK, mountain, Ireland, British Commonwealth, vi. 597; VIII. CROTON AQUEDUCT, New York, U.S.A., xv. 650.

347, 348; his rule in Ireland, xiii. II. 223; XVII. 465; tunnel, xxIII. CROATIA AND SLAVONIA, crown-land, 267; his invasion of Scotland, xxi. 624. Hungary, vi. 591.

514; his relations with Presbyterian- CROTON OIL, VI. 615; XVII. 744. CROATS, race of people, XXI. 688; XXII. ism, xix. 689; Milton's relations with, CROUCHBACK, Edmund, earl of Lan145. XVI. 332.

caster, XIV. 255. CROBO, tribe and language, Gold Coast, - Thomas, earl of Essex, vi. 604; CROUP, disease, vi. 616; spasmodic, Africa, X. 756. VIII. 334; XI. 664.

XXIII. 320. CROCE, Pania della, mountain, Italy, CRONION, sacred hill, Olympia, Greece, CROUSAZ, Jean Pierre de, Swiss philoXIII. 438. XVII. 768.

sopher, VI. 617; XXII. 798. CROCHET, looped thread work, xiv. 127. CRONSTADT, town, Austria, vi. 608. Crow, bird, vi. 617; XX. 842. CROCIN, red-colouring matter,

town, Russia, vi. 607.

CROWBOROUGH BEACON, Sussex, Eng146.

CRONSTEDTITE, mineral, xvi. 414. land, XXII. 723. CROCKET, in architecture, II. 463. CRONUS, of Greek legend, xxi. 320. CROWD, musical instrument, XXIV. 242. CROCODILE, reptile, vi. 592; in Africa, CROOKED LAKE, New York, U.S.A., CROWE, Eyre Evans, English historian, 1. 260; in Egypt, vil. 713; Aristotle XVII. 451.

VI. 619. on, XX. 432.

CROOKESITE, mineral, xvi. 392; xxIII. CROWLAND, town, England, Vi. 619; (Limpopo), river, South Africa, 1. 219.

abbey of, xiv. 656; bridge at, iv. 331. 250; XXIII. 517.

CROOMEN, or Croos, Negro race, West Crown, of king or emperor, vi. 619. CROCODILIA, order of reptiles, vi. 592; Africa, xiv. 149.

in heraldry, XI. 710.

XXI.

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