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VII. 539.

improvement works, XX. 579; naviga- | COATBRIDGE, town, Scotland, vi. 81. COCCYGOMORPHÆ, group of birds, Ill. tion, X. 640.

COATI, or Coati-mundi, carnivorous 715. CLYDE, Lord, British general, vi. 43. mammal, xv. 441.

Coccyx, Anatomy of the, 1. 821. CLYDESDALE HORSES, 1. 385. COAT OF ARMS, XI. 683.

Coch, Johann (Cocceius), Dutch theoCLYMENE AMPHISTOMA, species of COAT OF MAIL, II. 556.

logian, Vi. 91. Annelida, 11. 67.

Coats, Captain, Arctic explorer, xix. COCHABAMBA, town, Bolivia, VI. -91; CLYTÆMNESTRA, wife of Agamemnon, 318.

department, IV. 10. VI. 44; XVII. 827. COB, horse, XII. 190.

COCHIN, state, India, vi. 91; town, vi. CNICNODE, CNICTROPE, in geometry, COBALT, chemical element, vi. 81; v. 92. XXII. 669.

535; cyanide of, xx. 23; magnetization CHINA, country, Asia, vi. 92; II. CNIDUS (Tekir), ancient town, Asia of, xv, 256, 261; mines of, in Chili, 685. Minor, vi. 44; battle of (394 B.C.), V. 622; ores of, xvi. 58.

COCHIN-CHINA FOWLS, I. 401; XIX. XI. 103; XVIII. 578; Greek school of

BLUE, pigment, vi. 82; XIX. 87. 645. medicine at, xv. 800; lion-tomb at, GREEN, pigment, vi. 82; XIX. 88. COCHINEAL, dyestuff, vi. 97; VII. 574. II. 412. COBALTITE, mineral, xvi. 390.

INSECT, IV. 626; XII. 153. CNOSSUS, town, Crete, Vi. 44.

COBALTSPATH, mineral, XVI. 398. COCHLEA, of the ear, 1. 893. CNUT, or Canute, Danish and English COBAN, town, Central America, vi. 83. COCHLEARIA, genus of plants, XII. 207. king, v. 39; VIII. 287.

COBBETT, William, English political COCHRANE, Robert, favourite of James COACH, and coach-making, V. 135, 137. writer, VI. 83; his Weekly Register, III. of Scotland, XXI. 495. COAHUILA, state, Mexico, XVI. 214. XVII. 419.

Thomas, tenth earl of Dundonald, COAL, VI. 45; X. 238; XVI. 429; anthra- COBDEN, Richard, English politician, cite, in United States, XXIII. 811; com VI. 85; VIII. 366.

COCKAMAROO, Russian bagatelle, III. bustion of, and its products, xxII. COBEQUID MOUNTAINS, Nova Scotia, 230. 180; for gas-making, X. 88; production XVII, 601.

COCK AND HEN PADDLE, fish, xv. 65. of, xvi. 467; for steam-boilers, XXII COBHAM, Lord (Sir John Oldcastle), COCKATOO, bird, vi. 98; XVIII. 322. 500, 519; in Australia, III. 109; in Lollard martyr, xiv. 812; XVII. 753. COCKATRICE, fabulous animal, vi. 98. Brazil, iv. 224; in China, v. 633, 634, COBIJA, town, Bolivia, Vi. 89.

COCKBURN, Lord, Scottish judge, Vi. 637, 639; in England and Wales, VIII. COBITIDINA, genus of fishes, XIV. 741. 99. 226; in India, XII. 737, 764; industry, COBLENTZ, town, Prussia, vi. 89; XX. Mrs Alison, Scottish ballad-writer, in United States, XXIII. 812. See also 21; bridge at, IV. 339.

VI. 98.
Coalfields, below.
COB NUT, XVII. 664.

Sir George, British admiral, vi.
COALBROOKDALE, Shropshire, England, COBOURG, town, Ontario, Canada, XVII. 99.
XXI. 847.

775.

COCKCHAFER, beetle, vi. 131; as vine COAL CUTTING, Machines for, VI. 67. COBRA, genus of snakes, Vi. 90; XII. 743; pest, XXIV. 238; as wheat pest, xxiv. COAL-DUST FURNACE, IX. 844.

XXII. 196.

536. COALFIELDS AND COAL-MINES, of Bel- COBURG, town, Germany, VI. 91; XXI. COCKER, Edward, English arithmetician, gium, III. 523 ; of Bengal, III. 568; 347; duchy, XXI. 347.

VI. 99; II. 527. British, Vi. 49; of British Columbia, Coca, or Cuca, plant, VI. 684; XVIII. COCKERELL, Charles Robert, English VI. 169; in Formosa, China, 1X. 416; of

architect, VI. 99; his excavations at Derbyshire, England, vii. 107; of Lan river, South America, VII. 646. Bassæ, XVIII. 735. cashire, England, xiv. 252; of North- COCAINE, vegetable alkaloid, vi. 685. COCKERILL, John, his machine works umberland, England, XVII. 566; of COCAJO, Merlino (T. Folengo), Italian at Seraing, Belgium, XXI. 674. Staffordshire, England, XXII. 442; of poet, ix. 355.

COCKERMOUTH, town, England, vi. 99. France, IX. 522; of Germany, X. 453; COCCACEÆ, class of Schizomycetes, XXI. COCKING'S PARACHUTE, I. 201. of India, III. 371; of Ireland, 11. 142; 405.

COCKLE, mollusc, vi. 100; XVI. 688. XIII. 217; of Labuan, Indian Archi- COCCAJO, Merlino (T. Folengo), Italian COCK-OF-THE-WOOD, bird, v. 54. pelago, XIV. 178; of New South Wales, poet, ix. 355.

COCKROACH, insect, VI. 100; XIII. 152. XVII.409; of Prussia, xx. 15; of Queens- COCCEIUS, Joannes, Dutch theologian, COCKSCOMB MOUNTAINS, British land, xx. 173; of Russia, XXI. 85; of VI. 91.

Honduras, XII. 133. Fifeshire, Scotland, 1x. 150; of Lanark- Cocci, cells in Schizomycetes, xxi. COCLES, Horatius, Roman hero, Vi. shire, Scotland, xiv. 250; of Linlith 402. gowshire, Scotland, xiv.669; of Silesia, COCCIDIIDEA, subclass of Protozoa, XIX. Cocoa, or Cacao, tree and fruit, VI. 100; XXII. 53; of the United States, 1. 680; 854.

adulterations of, 1. 170; culture of, in of Colorado, U.S.A., VI. 161; of Ken- COCCINITE, mineral, xvi. 384.

Philippines, XVIII. 751; in Venezuela, tucky, U.S.A., XIV. 42; of Missouri, COCCOLITE, mineral, xvi. 416.

XXIV. 140. U.S.A., XVI. 525; of Pennsylvania, COCCOTHRAUSTES, genus of birds, xi. BUTTER, vegetable fat, XVII. 744.. U.S.A., XVIII. 501; of West Virginia,

533.

COCOA-NUT, VI. IO3; XVII. 664. U.S.A., XXIV. 518.

COCCULUS INDICUS, adulterant for . COCOA-NUT OIL, XVII. 744. COAL-MEASURES, in geology, X. 349. beer, 1. 172.

COCOA-NUT PALM, VI. 103; XVIII. 190; COAL-MINING, VI. 61; XXII. 811. See CoccUS CACTI, cochineal insect, VI. 97. of Ceylon, V. 363. also article Mining, XVI. 440.

Coccus CERIFERUS, wax-bearing in- Coco DE MER, tree and fruit, Seychelles COAL-TAR, XXIII. 57; aniline from, II. sect, XXIV. 459.

Islands, XVIII. 191; XXI. 726. 47; as fuel in iron-smelting, XIII. 293; Coccus LACCA, lac-yielding insect, xiv. Cocoon, of bees, III. 492; of moths, IV. naphtha from, XVII. 174. 181.

594; of the silkworm, XXII. 58. COANZA, river, Africa, vi. 81; I. 254. COCCUS VERMILIO, kermes-yielding in Cocos, genus of palms, XVIII. 190. COAPIM, kind of grain, XVI. 321. sect, XIV. 49.

ISLANDS, Indian Ocean, xiv. 26; COAST SURVEYS, XVII. 262.

Coccus Vitis, vine pest, XXIV. 238. XXII. 586.

673.

100.

XX. 539.

Cocx, or Coques, Gonzalez, Flemish | COELHO, Estevan, Portuguese poet, 537; observatory at, xvII. 713; unipainter, VI. 368. XIX. 555.

versity, XXIII. 839, 851. COCYTUS, river, Greece, vi. 103. CELIAN HILL, Rome, xx. 828.

Coin, town, Spain, vi. 117. legendary river, VI. 103; XXII. CELIUS AURELIANUS, Roman medical | COINAGE, XVI. 723; XVII. 628; counter614. writer, III. 86; XV. 804.

feit, I. 176; of gold and silver, iv. 518; COD, fish, vi. 103; XII. 691; organs of COELLO, Alonso Sanchez, Spanish depreciation of, xvI. 726; relations to touch in the, xxIII. 478; fishery, off painter, VI. 108.

units of weight, XXIV. 482; British, Newfoundland, XVII. 384; North Sea CeLOCORMIDÆ, family of Tunicata, XVI. 480; French, IX. 525; ancient fishery, ix. 255. XXIII. 617.

Lydian, xv. 100; in Tibet, XIV. 498. CODE, body of laws, VI. 104.

COEN, Jan Pieterszoon, founder of Decimal, vil. 20. CODEIA, alkaloid in opium, XVII. 793. Batavia, Java, VI. 108; XII. 820. COINING, XVI. 480; Boulton's apparatus CODE NAPOLÉON, IX. 614; XVII. 205. CENINA, ancient town, Italy, XIV.

for, iv. 173. CODES, of Roman law, xx. 710.

344.

COINS, XVII. 628; Etruscan, viII. 641; CODEX, writing tablets, XVIII. 143; CENOBIA, monastic communities, 1. 10, Greek and Roman bronze, Iv. 367; ancient manuscript, XVIII. 144. II; VI. 109; XVI. 700.

Tibetan, XIV. 498. ALEXANDRINUS, MS. of the Scrip- COENRED, Northumbrian king, xvII. COIR, fibre, VI. 103. tures, I. 496.

570.

COIRE, town, Switzerland, VI. 117 ; AUREUS, MS. of the Gospels, XXIII. CENURUS CEREBRALIS, animal para XXII. 778. 553.

site, XXIV. 206.

COITER, Volcher, on birds, XVIII. 4. BEZÆ, MS. of Gospels and the CERULEOLACTIN, mineral, XVI. 405.

Coix LACHRYMA, species of grasses, Acts, l. 123; III. 646; in university CESYRA, wife of Pisistratus, xix. 131.

XIII. 703 library, Cambridge, Iv. 730.

COETLOGON, Denis de, his Universal COJUTEPEC, town, San Salvador, VI. 118. - EPHRAEMI, MS. of New Testa History of Arts and Sciences, VIII. 197. COKE, fuel, Vi. 46, 118; use of, for ment, III. 646.

CEUR, Jacques, early French trader and smoke abatement, XXII. 182. – JURIS ECCLESIASTICI ANGLICANI, economist, VI. 109; V. 411.

Sir Edward, English lawyer, Vi. of Bishop Gibson, x. 586.

DE LION, Richard I. of England, 119; rival of Bacon, III. 202. OF JUSTINIAN, XIII. 794; XX. 712.

Thomas, American Methodist, XVI. SINAITICUS, MS. of the Scriptures; COFFEE, VI. 110; adulterations of, I. 192. III. 646; XIV. 533; XXIII. 409.

169; use of chicory in, v. 615; culti COKUM BUTTER, vegetable fat, XVII. VATICANUS, MS. of New Testa vation of, in Arabia, II. 237; in Brazil,

744, 746. ment, III. 646.

IV. 227; in Cuba, VI. 681; in Celebes, v. COLAC, lake, Victoria, Australia, xxiv. CODICANAL (Kodaikanal), town, India, 289; in Ceylon, V. 369; in India, XII. 216. XV. 192.

750; in Java, XIII. 603; in the Philip- COLÆUS, Samian navigator, XXI. 249. CODicil, to a will, xxiv. 571.

pines, xvIII. 751; in Sumatra, XXII. ColA NUT, XVII. 664. CODIFICATION, of law, VI. 106.

639; in Venezuela, XXIV. 140. COLAPTES, genus of birds, xxiv. 652. CODILLA, of flax, ix. 298.

HOUSES, origination of, vi. 110. COLAR, district, India, XIV. 136. COD-LIVER OIL, VI, 104; XVII. 744.

Rat, in Sumatra, XXII. 639. COLAXAIS, Scythian hero, XXI. 576. CODOGNO, town, Italy, VI. 107. COFFER-DAMS, in engineering, vi. 114; COLAY, lake, Ecuador, VII. 646. CODOMANNUS (Darius III.), king of

COLBATH, Jeremiah J. (Henry Wilson), Persia, vi. 826; XVIII. 581.

COFFIN, IX. 824; of clay, xix. 605; of vice-president of United States, xxiv. CODRINGTON, Sir Edward, British wicker work, v. 330.

590. admiral, vi. 107. COGGIA'S COMET, 11. 815.

COLBERG, town, Prussia, VI. 121. CODRUS, king of Athens, vi. 107; II. COGIDUBNUS, British king, XXII. 725. COLBERT, Jean Baptiste, French states476.

COGITO ERGO SUM, Descartes's proposi man, Vi. 121; IX. 574; his economic COEFFICIENT, in algebra, I. 519. tion, v. 142.

policy, XIX. 356. COEFFICIENTS, Laplace's, XIV. 303. COGNAC, town, France, VI. 116.

COLCHAGUA, province, Chili, v. 617. COEHORN, Menno, Baron van, Dutch brandy, IV. 216.

COLCHESTER, town, England, vi. 123; military engineer, Vi. 107; on forti- COGNI, Konia, or Koniyeh, town, Asiatic house of Austin Canons at, l. 19. fication, IX. 441, 462. Turkey, XII. 696.

Lord, English statesman, VI. 124. CELA, Pass of, Thessaly, Greece, XXIII. COGNITION, XX. 40; in relation to logic, COLCHICINE, vegetable alkaloid, VI. 299.

XIV. 797; Fichte's theory of, ix. 137; 125.
CELEBS IN SEARCH OF A WIFE, by Hume's, XII. 353; Kant on, XIII. 851. COLCHICUM, plant, VI. 124.
Hannah More, xvi. 814.

COGNIZANCE, or Badge, in heraldry, XI. Colchis, ancient country, Caucasus, VI. CELENTERA, or Coelenterata, group of 709.

125; XVI. 437; coins of, xvII. 645. animals, VI. 107, 369; I. 129; XII. COHELETH, Book of Ecclesiastes, vii. COLD, Death from, xv. 781. 547; XVIII. 259; embryology of, xx. 624.

catarrh, v. 218. 419; histology of, XII. 7; reproduction COHEN, Francis (Sir Francis Palgrave), BLAST FURNACE, XIII. 317. of, xx. 408; skeletal structures of, English historian, XVIII. 182. COLDSTREAM, town, Scotland, vi. 125. XXII. 106; in Lankester's classifica- COHESION, in capillary action, v. 56. COLD-WATER CURE, hydropathy, XII. tion, XXIV. 812.

COHN, F., his researches on protoplasm, 542. CELESTINE, mineral, XXII. 607.

XIX. 829; on Schizomycetes, XXI. 399. COLD WAVES, of air, in United States, CELESTINUS I., pope, V. 291; XIX. 491. COHOES, town, New York, U.S.A., VI. XXIII. 805. See Celestine.

116.

COLE, W., English physician, xv. 811. CELESTIUS, Pelagian teacher, III. 77; COIGNET, Michael, Flemish cartogra- COLEBROOKE, Henry Thomas, English XVIII. 471. pher, XVII. 253

Orientalist, vi. 125; I. 517. CELESYRIA, Roman province, Asia

ovince, Asia COIMBATORE, district, India, VI. 116. COLEMAN, Edward, English veterinary Minor, XIV. 393; XXII. 822; XXI11.654. COIMBRA, town, Portugal, vi. 117; XIX. teacher, XXIV. 199.

IV. 325.

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XX. 252.

COLENSO, J. W., bishop of Natal, xvil. COLLEGIUM CURIOSUM, academy, in COLNE, town, England, vi. 150. 242; on the Pentateuch, xvIII. 512. Germany, 1. 71.

COLOBOMA OF THE IRIS, eye disease, COLEOPTERA, order of insects, VI. 126; COLLEMBOLA, group of insects, XIII. XVII. 782. XIII. 148; mimicry in, XVI. 343.

153

COLOBUS, genus of apes, II. 151. COLERAINE, town, Ireland, vi. 134. COLLENCHYMA, tissue in plants, xii. COLOCYNTH, plant and drug, vi. 150. COLERIDGE, Hartley, English writer, 18.

COLOGNA, town, Italy, Vi. 151. VI. 135.

COLLEONI, Bartolomeo, Statue of, at COLOGNE, town, Rhenish Prussia, Vi. Sir John Taylor, English lawyer Venice, XXI. 568; XXIV. 156, 176. 151 ; XX. 16, 21; architecture of and critic, VI. 135.

COLLET, John, English caricaturist, v. churches, II. 431; sculptures in catheSamuel Taylor, English poet, vi. 104.

dral, xxi. 565; university of, xxIII. 135; as dramatist, VII. 438; as jour- COLLETT, J. Camilla, Norwegian novel 840, 848; Wallraf-Richartz museum, nalist, xvII. 417; his sonnets, xxII. ist, XVII. 592.

XXI. 445; congress of Old Catholics 262; his place in English literature, COLLETTA, Pietro, Italian historian, at (1872), XVII. 755. VIII. 433; his relations with Southey,

XIII. 514.

COLOMBIA, United States of, South XXII. 290; with Wordsworth, xxiv. COLLIBERTS, or Cagots, race of people, America, vi. 152; 1. 712; XXIV. 141; 669. France, iv. 641.

under Bolivar, iv. 9; Indian tribes, Sara, English writer, vi. 138 ; COLLIE, dog, vii. 326.

XII. 828; mines, XVI. 471; railways, translator, VII. 308.

COLLIER, Arthur, English metaphysiCOLEROON, branch from the Kaveri,

cian, Vi. 143.

COLOMBINI, Giovanni, Italian writer, India, xiv. 19; XXIII. 47.

Jeremy, English divine, VI. 145;

XIII. 505.
COLERUS, Johannes, biographer of on the English stage, VII. 436. COLOMBO, town, Ceylon, VI. 157,
Spinoza, XXII. 402.

COLLIERIES, in England and Wales, Colon, territory, Venezuela, xxiv. 140. COLESHILL, town, England, xxiv. 379. VIII. 226; modes of working, VI. 64. (Aspinwall), town, Panama, 11. 716; COLET, John, dean of St Paul's, London, See Coal, Coalfields, and Coal-Mining.

XVIII. 209. VI. 139; VIII. 414.

COLLIMATOR, optical instrument, XVII. COLONEL JACK, Defoe's work, vil. 29. Louise Revoil, French poetess and 800; in spectroscopy, XXII. 373.

COLONEUS, Edipus, Sophocles's drama, novelist, VI. 139.

MAGNET, XV. 238.

XXII. 272. COLEUS, stove plant, XII. 266.

COLLING, Messrs, breeders of shorthorn COLONIA, town, Uruguay, xxiv. 15. COLFAX, Schuyler, vice-president of cattle, I. 303.

COLONIAL GOVERNMENT, XI. 20. United States, XXIII. 788.

COLLINGWOOD, suburb of Melbourne, COLONIES, VI. 158; growth of and comColic, disease, Vi. 140.

Victoria, xv. 836

merce with, Vi. 202; their legal relaCOLIGNI, or Coligny, Gaspard de admiral Lord, English admiral, vi. 145. tions to aboriginal tribes, XIII. 196; of France, Vi. 140; 1X. 559.

COLLINS, Anthony, English philosopher, British, in America, their relations to COLIGNY, House of, ix. 559.

VI. 146; XXIV. 644; his Discourse of the crown, XXIII. 730, 736; Roman, COLIMA, town, Mexico, VI. 141; XVI. 214; Freethinking, VII. 35.

state, XVI. 214; mountain, XVI. 215. Mortimer, English poet and novel- COLONIZATION, Wakefield's theories of, COLIN, bird, xx. 147.

ist, Vi. 147

XXIV. 319. Alexander, Flemish sculptor, vi. Samuel, English anatomist, 1. 813. COLONNA, Giacomo, bishop of Lombez, 141.

William, English painter, Vi. 148. France, xvIII. 707. CLOUT, Skelton's song, XXII. 120. William, English poet, vi. 148.

Giovanni Paolo, Italian composer, CLOUT'S COME HOME AGAIN, COLLINSON, Captain, Arctic explorer,

VI. 157
Spenser's poem, XXII. 394.
XIX. 321.

Otto di (Pope Martin V.), xv. 582. COLIUS, genus of birds, xvII. 6. COLLISION, at sea, XXI. 601.

Sciarra, mediæval Roman senator, COLL, Bernat des, Catalan chronicler, COLLOCALIA, genus of birds, XXII. 760. XX. 798. XXII. 364.

COLLODION, its composition and uses, Vittoria, Neapolitan princess and COLLAERT, Hans, Flemish engraver, vi.

VI. 149.

poetess, VI. 157; friend of Michel141.

PROCESS, in photography, xvIII. angelo, XVI. 234. COLLAR-BONE, Anatomy of the, 1. 826. 824.

FAMILY, Rome, xx. 796, 804, 806. COLLARD, W. F., pianoforte maker, Xix. COLLOQUE, French presbytery, XIX. 693. COLONNE, Guido delle, Italian writer,

COLLOQUIA, of Erasmus, VIII. 512. XIII. 499; XX. 639. COLLAS, Peruvian tribe, xvIII. 676.

MENSALIA, of Luther, 1. 785. COLONUS, Roman cultivator, XXII. 135. COLLÉ, Charles, French dramatist, VI. COLLOREDO, Lazarus Johannes Baptista, COLONY, VI. 158. See Colonies. 141.

parasite-bearing monster, XVI. 766. COLOPHON, ancient town, Asia Minor, COLLE, Rafaelle del, Italian painter, Vi. COLLOT D'HERBOIS, Jean Marie, French VI. 161. 142. Revolutionist, VI. 149.

in bibliography, VI. 161. COLLECTARIUM, liturgical service book, COLMAN, George, the Elder, English COLOPHONITE, mineral, XVI. 411. XIV. 710.

dramatist, VI. 149; VII. 438.

COLOPHONIUS, Nicander, Greek poet, COLLECTIVISM, economic basis of social George, the Younger, English XVII. 476. ism, XXII. 207.

dramatist, VI. 150.

COLOPHONY, rosin, vi. 161; xx. 852; COLLEGE, VI. 142; XXIII. 834, 837. COLMAR, town, German Alsace, VI. 150. XXIV. 242. COLLÉGE DE FRANCE, XXIII. 851. COLMATA, or Warping, method of re COLOQUINTIDA (Colocynth), plant, vi. COLLÉGES DE RHÉTORIQUE, in Dutch claiming land, 1. 406; XIII. 367.

150. literature, XII. 91.

CÖLN (Cologne, q.v.), town, Germany, COLORADO, State, U.S.A., VI. 161; COLLEGIA, Roman guilds, Vi. 432; XI.

VI. 151.

population, xxIII. 802; mines of, XVI. 260.

COLNE, river, Herts, England, XI. 771; 470; XXIII. 815. COLLEGIANT BROTHERHOOD, Dutch XVI. 279; XXIII. 220.

BEETLE, VI. 134, 163. religious sect, XXII. 400. river, Essex, England, VIII. 552. COLORADOITE, mineral, xvi. 394.

XXV.

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XIX. 350.

VIII. 573.

XV. 2.

COLORADO MOUNTAINS, U.S.A., XXIII. | COLUMBITE, mineral, xvi. 427. COMBO, British colony, West Africa, x. 796.

COLUMBO, Matthieu R., on the vas 59. COLORADO RIVER, U.S.A., VI. 163; cular system, 1. 809; XXIV. 95. COMBUSTION-HEAT, of oil, as compared

XVII. 367; XVIII. 116; XXIII. 203; COLUMBUS, town, Georgia, U.S.A., VI. with coal, XVIII. 239. cañons of, XXIII. 799.

171.

COMÉDIE HUMAINE, Balzac's, III. 304. COLOSSÆ, ancient town, Asia Minor, Vi. , town, Ohio, U.S.A., VI. 170; XVII. COMEDONES, skin disease, XXII. 121. 164. 737.

COMEDY, VII. 395; Greek, II. 508. COLOSSEUM, amphitheatre at Rome, I. -, Christopher, discoverer of America, OF ERRORS, Shakespeare's play,

774; II. 419; dedication of, XXIII. 420. VI. 171; I. 707; IX. 82; X. 180; XIII. XXI. 763. COLOSSIANS, Epistle to the, VI. 164; its 375.

COMENIUS, or Komensky, Johann Amos, relation to the Epistle to Ephesians, Johan, Swedish poet, XXII. 755. Moravian educationist, VI. 182; VII. VIII. 463.

M. R., Italian anatomist, l. 809; 673; XXII. 152. COLOSSUS, statue at Rhodes, VI. 166; II.

XXIV. 95.

COMET, The, H. Bell's steamboat, III. 365; XX. 526.

Samuel, Swedish poet, XXII. 755. 542. Color, Laurence, French surgeon, XXII. COLUMCILLE, or Columba (q.v.), Celtic COMETS, VI. 182; 11. 813; in relation to 676. saint, vi. 167; XIII. 249.

meteors, XVI. 110; excluded from COLOUR, Sensations of, vill. 823; ideas COLUMELLA, Lucius Junius Moderatus, nebular theory, xvII. 310; spectra of,

of the ancients about, xiv. 577; its Roman writer on agriculture, Vi. 176; XXII. 651 ; Kepler's observations on, application to architecture, 11. 454; in

XIV. 47; Leverrier's, XIV.486; Olbers's, crystals, XVI. 372; of metals, XVI. 68; COLUMN, in architecture, II. 462; Cary

XVII. 752. animal mimicry of, xvi. 343; photo atic, 11. 407; Corinthian, II. 407; Doric, COMFITS, confections, VI. 257. graphy of, XVIII. 834; Goethe's 11. 403; Egyptian, II. 391; Persian, II. COMFREY, Prickly, forage plant, I. investigations on, x. 734; Newton's, 400; Roman, XX. 831; Roman Corin 378. XVII. 440; Schopenhauer's, XXI. 450. thian, II. 416; Roman Doric, II. 418; COMICAL REVENGE, Etheridge's comedy, Acoustic, timbre, I. 118.

Roman Ionic, II. 417. BLINDNESS, VIII. 824; XIV. 579; strength of, xxII. 606.

COMIC OPERA, XVII. 99. affected by magnetism, xv. 282; Dal- Colvill, Surgeon-Major, his observa- COMILLAH, town, India, XXIII. 405. ton's exposition of, VI. 784.

tions on the plague, XIX. 159. COMINES, town, France, VI. 194. CORRECTION, of object glasses, ColvillE RESERVATION, Washington Philippe de, French historian, Vi. XXIII. 141. Territory, U.S.A., XXIV. 386.

194; IX. 648. COLOURED RACE, in United States, COLYMBIDÆ, family of birds, vil. 292; COMING RACE, The, Lytton's tale, xv. XXIII. 821.

123. COLOUR PRINTING, XXIII. 708. COLZA, plant, 1. 383; VI. 176.

COMINO, island, Mediterranean Sea, xv. COLOURS, used by artists, XVIII. 138; Oil, Vi. 176; XVII. 744; XX. 339. xix. 85; in dyeing, vil. 574; steam, 273.

COMINOTTO, islet, Mediterranean Sea, in calico printing, iv. 690; vegetable, COMACCHIO, town, Italy, VI. 177 ; XV. 339.

eel beds of, vii. 693; lagoons of, xix. COMISENE, Parthian kingdom, xvIII. COLSTON, Edward, English merchant,

251.

592. VI. 166.

COMAN, Turkish tribe, XXIII. 660. COMITAN, or Comitlan, town, Mexico, COLSTON'S HOSPITAL, Bristol, England, COMANA, ancient town, Pontus, Asia V. 446.

Minor, vi. 177; XIX. 459.

COMITIA CENTURIATA, of ancient Rome, COLT, Samuel, inventor of the revolver, (Chryse), ancient town, Cappadocia, VI. 195; XX. 679, 735. VI. 166.

Asia Minor, VI. 177; temple of Bellona COMITIA CURIATA, of ancient Rome, Vi. COLTA, lake, Ecuador, VII. 646.

at, v. 75.

194; XX. 733. COLUBER, genus of snakes, XXII. 194. COMANCHES, North-American Indians, COMITIA TRIBUTA, of ancient Rome, Vi. COLUCCIO SALUTATI, Italian scholar, VI. 177.

195; XX. 679, 737, 771. xx, 802.

COMAYAGUA, town, Honduras, XII. 131; COMITIUM, at Rome, xx. 816. COLUMBA, Celtic saint, VI. 167; XIII. department, vi. 177.

COMITLAN, town, Mexico, Vi. 194. 204, 249; his mission in Scotland, xxi. COMB, VI. 177 ; manufacture of, at COMMAGENE, Syria, Coins of, xvII. 649. 474; monastic rule of, xvi. 706. Aberdeen, 1. 42.

COMMAND, distinguished from law, xiv. COLUMBÆ, group of birds, vii. 379; of bees, III. 489.

355. XVIII. 46.

COMBACONUM, town, India, vi. 178; COMMANDER, Naval, duties of, xvii. COLUMBANUS, Irish monk, vi. 167;

XXIII. 47

292. monastic rule of, XVI. 707. COMBAT, Judicial, vii. 511; XVII. 820. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, of

British COLUMBELLA (Dyveke), mistress of COMBATIVENESS, in phrenology, XVIII. army, 11. 572. Christian II. of Denmark, VII. 587. 844.

COMMANDMENTS, The Ten, VII. 15. COLUMBIA, town, South Carolina, COMBE, Abram, disciple of Robert COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE, improvised U.S.A., VI. 168; XXII. 288. Owen, XVIII. 88.

comedy, in Italy, VII. 418. British, North America, Vi. 169. Andrew, Scottish physiologist, VI. COMMEMORATION OF SAINTS, XXI. 155. District of, U.S.A., VI. 168; xxiv. 179.

COMMENDAMS, Bacon versus Coke on, 382; population, XXIII. 802.

George, Scottish physiologist, VI. III. 206.
COLLEGE, New York, U.S.A.,
179; XVIII. 844.

COMMENSALISM, Parasitic, XVIII. 261; . XVII. 456, 461; XXIII. 857.

William, English writer, Vi. 180. II. 67. RIVER, U.S.A., XVII. 822; XVIII. COMBERMERE, Viscount, English gene- COMMERCE, VI. 196; beginnings of, VIII. 116; XXIII. 798; XXIV. 386. ral, vi. 181.

617; economic extension of, xix. 354; COLUMBINE, of the pantomime, XVIII. COMBINATIONS, an workmen, vi. European, VIII. 706; commercial 216. 181; XXIII. 499.

societies, XXII. 227.

XIX. 52.

VI. 194.

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220.

COMMERCIAL AGENTS, in the United COMNENUS, John II., Byzantine em COMPRESS, Hydropathic, XII. 544. States, vi. 317

peror, XIII. 713.

COMPRESSED AIR, Force of, vill. 209. COMMERCY, town, France, VI. 207.

Manuel I., Byzantine emperor,

COMPRESSED FUEL, IX. 808. COMMISSION, Calculation of, 11. 536.

XV. 505.

COMPRESSIBILITY, of materials, VII. COMMITTEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY, in COMO, town, Italy, VI. 219.

815; XXII. 595, 601. France, IX. 605.

Lake of, Italy, VI. 220; XIV. 217. COMPRESSION, in steam-engine, XXII. COMMITTEES, Parliamentary, XVIII. 312. COMONFORT, Ignacio, Mexican soldier 486, 487; in air and gas engines, XXII. COMMIUS, British king, XXII. 725. and politician, VI. 220.

523 COMMODORE, naval officer, XVII. 292. COMORES, or Comoro Islands, East COMPSA, Samnite town, Italy, XXI. 249. COMMODUS, Lucius Aurelius, Roman Africa, Vi. 220.

COMPTON, Henry, bishop of London, VI. emperor, VI. 207.

COMORN, or Komorn, town, Hungary, 229. COMMON, Rights of, in law, VI. 209. XIV. 138.

Spencer, earl of Northampton, A. A., his observatory at Ealing, COMORO ISLANDS, East Africa, VI. 220. XVII. 558. London, XVII. 711; his reflecting COMPAGNACCI, Florentine faction, XXI. COMPURGATION, ancient mode of trial, telescope, XXIII, 152. 337.

XIII. 785. LAW, VI. 208.

COMPAGNI, Dino, Italian writer, XIII. COMPUTATION, Arithmetical, 11. 526. LIFE, or Common Lot, Brethren of 505.

COMSTOCK MINES, Nevada, U.S.A., XVI. the, mediæval religious society, VII. COMPAGNIA DELLA MORTE, in Naples, 441, 470; XVII. 368; XXIII. 815. 672; IX. 725; XVII. 134.

xx. 847.

COMTE, Auguste, French philosopher, PLEAS, Court of, England, VI. 208; COMPANIES, Registration of, xx. 344. VI. 229; IX. 674; his ethical system, Records of, xx. 312.

-Livery, of London, vi. 223 ; xiv. viii. 609; on evolution, VIII. 763 ; PRAYER, Book of, Church of Eng 819.

his metaphysic, XVI. 101; on philoland, vill. 379; XIV. 710; revision of, COMPANY, corporate association, VI. 221, sophy, xvIII. 794; on sociology and VI. 328. 434; XVIII. 330.

political economy, xix. 390; the Three COMMONS, waste lands, VI. 208.

OF JESUS, XIII. 645.

Ages of his scheme, I. 279; Littré's estate of the realm, British, VIII. COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, VI. 225;

relations to, xiv. 706. 557.

XXIV. 800; advance of, 1.813; investi- COMUM (Como), ancient town, Italy, vi. House of, xvIII. 304, 307, 311.

gators in, 1. 818. COMMON SENSE, Hamilton's theory of, COMPARATIVE GRAMMAR, XI. 38 ; Comus, in Greek mythology, Vi. 238. XI. 418; Reid's philosophy of, xx. 350. Bopp's work on, iv. 49.

Milton's

poem, XVI. 326. COMMONWEALTH, The English, under COMPARATIVE PHILOLOGY, of Aryan French conjurer, XV. 210. Cromwell, vi. 602; VIII. 348; parlia languages, XVIII. 781.

CoMyn, John, the Red, slain by Bruce, ment in time of, XVIII. 307. COMPASS, Azimuth, xvi. 160.

XX. 593; XXI. 488. COMMUNE, administrative division, in Mariner's, VI. 225; XV. 219, 518; CON, George, papal agent in England, France, VI. 211; IX. 509; XVII. 28; in discovery of, x. 179; as known to

XI. 655. Italy, XIII. 464, 471; Polish, XIX. 311; early navigators, XVII. 250; deviation CONATION, Psychology of, xx. 40, 42, Roman, XX. 783; Russian, XXI. 83. or variation of, X. 187 ; XV. 250; 72. OF PARIS (1792), ix. 603; (1872), XVI. 163; XVII. 274.

CONCA, Sebastiano, Italian painter, VI. IX. 627. -Surveying, XXII. 718.

238. COMMUNION, or Holy Communion, viII. COMPASSES, mathematical instrument, CONCAN, district, India, VI. 238. 651; XXI. 131, 139; order for admin

XXII. 721.

CONCEALMENT OF Birth, in law, XIII.4. istration of, xiv. 706; given to the COMPENSATION BALANCE, for watches, CONCENTRATIVENESS, in phrenology, dying (Viaticum), XXIV. 208; Luther's XXIV. 395.

XVIII. 844. doctrine of, xv. 81; St Paul's, xvIII. COMPETITION VALUES, in economics, CONCEPCION, town, Chili, vi. 239; pro428; Zwingli's, xxiv. 833. XXIV. 48.

vince, v. 617. OFFICE, Roman, XVI. 509; Angli- COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS,

town, Paraguay, XVIII. 244. can, vIII. 379. See also article Liturgy. 781.

CONCEPTION, in physiology, XX. 407. COMMUNISM, VI.

211; XXII. 207; COMPIÈGNE, town, France, VÍ. 228 ; in psychology, XX. 57, 76. applied to land, XIV. 265; exemplified XVII. 749.

Feast of the, XII. 715; XV. 592. in Oneida Community, U.S.A., XVII. COMPITALIA, Roman festival, xiv. 313. BAY, Newfoundland, xvII. 383. 773; Fourier's system, IX. 489; COMPLAYNT OF SCOTLAND, early Scot- CONCEPTUALISM, in scholastic philoOwen's promotion of, xvIII. 87. tish work, XXI. 541.

sophy, l. 35; XXI. 424. COMMUTATION TABLES, II. 81.

COMPLEAT ANGLER, Walton's work, CONCHIFERA, class of Mollusca, xvi. COMMUTATOR, Electric, xiv. 630.

XXIV. 342.

684. COMNENA, Anna, princess and author- COMPLEX, system of lines, in geometry, CONCILIUM PLEBIS, of Rome, xx. 678. ess, II. 59.

XXII. 670.

CONCINI, Concino, French courtier, ix. COMNENI, dynasty, Byzantine empire, COMPLEXITY, in psychology, XX. 56.

566. XI. 117

COMPLEX VARIABLE, XXIV. 69. CONCLAVE, meeting for election of a COMNENUS, Alexius, Byzantine emperor, COMPLINE, canonical hour, IV. 263. pope, VI. 239.

1. 501; XI. 117; his relations with the COMPLUTENSIAN POLYGLOTT, I. 458; CONCLUSION, in logic, Xiv. 788. crusaders, VI. 625.

XIII. 694; XIX. 417.

CONCLUSIONS, The Lollard, xiv. 811. Alexius, emperor of Trebizond, COMPOSING, in printing, XXIII. 700; CONCORD, town, Massachusetts, U.S.A., XXIII. 533. machines for, XXIII. 700.

VI. 240; battle of (1775), XXIII. 740. Andronicus I., Byzantine emperor, COMPOSTELLA (Santiago), town, Spain, town, New Hampshire, U.S.A., VI. VI. 229; pilgrimages to, XIX. 94.

240; XVII. 392. Isaac I., Byzantine emperor, XIII. COMPOUND RULES, in arithmetic, II. Temple of, at Rome, II. 417; XX. 374. 534.

820.

VIII.

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II. 22.

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