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GAME-BIRDS OF AMERICA.-NO. VIII.

AMERICAN STARLING OR MEADOW-L ARK.

This well-known inhabitant of our meadows disposition of the tribe, but his character vindicated like the Partridge, is sociable, somewhat gregarious, by his bravery, and the victory achieved, he retires and partially migratory. The change of country, from his fraternity to assist his mate in the formahowever, appears to be occasioned only by scarcity tion of her nest. The flesh of the Meadow-Lark is of food, and many of them pass the whole winter white, and for size and delicacy, it is considered with us. They may be bought in our markets when little inferior to the Partridge. In length, he measures snow is on the ground; and in the month of Feb-ten and a half inches, in alar extent, nearly sevenruary, Wilson found them picking up a scanty sub-teen. Above, his plumage, as described by Nuttall, sistence in the company of the snow-birds, on a road is variegated with black, bright bay, and ochreous over the heights of the Alleghanies. Its flight, like Tail, wedged, the feathers pointed, the four outer that of the Partridge, is laborious and steady. nearly all white; sides, thighs, and vent, pale Though they collect their food from the ground, they ochreous, spotted with black; upper mandible are frequently shot oh trees, their perch being either brown, the lower bluish-white; iris, hazel ; legs and the main branches, or the topmost twigs. At the feet, large, pale flesh-colour. In the young bird time of pairing, they exhibit a little of the jealous' the color is much fainter than in the adult.

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This is the Rice and Reed-Bird of Pennsylvania, these he added the immense range of his migrations, and the Southern States, and the Boblink of New and the havoc he commits. The winter residence York and New England. He is of little size, but of this species is from Mexico to the Amazon, from of great consequence, hailed with pleasure by the whence they issue in great hosts every spring. In sportsman and the epicure, and dreaded as worse the whole United States, north of Pennsylvania, than a locust by the careful planter. Wilson has they remain during the summer, raising their protreated of him fully, and from his eloquent account geny; and as soon as the young are able to fly they we shall endeavor to select a few points in his collect together in great multitudes, and pour down history worthy of notice. According to his best on the oat-fields of New England. During the biographer, then, three good qualities recommend breeding season, they are dispersed over the him, particularly as these three are rarely found in country; but as soon as the young are able to fly, the same individual—his plumage is beautiful, his they collect together in great multitudes, like a song highly musical, and his flesh excellent. To torrent, depriving the proprietors of a good tithe of

their harvest, but in return often supply his table every stall is ornamented with some hundreds of with a very delicious dish. From all parts of the Reed Birds. north and western regions they direct their course The Rice Bunting is seven inches and a half long, toward the south, and about the middle of August, and eleven and a half in extent. His spring dress revisit Pennsylvania, on their route to winter quar- is as follows: upper part of the head, wings, tail, ters. For several days they seem to confine them- and sides of the neck, and whole lower parts, black ; selves to the fields and uplands; but as soon as the the feathers frequently skirted with brownishseeds of the reed are ripe, they resort to the shores yellow, as he passes into the color of the female ; of the Delaware and Schuylkill in multitudes; and back of the head, a cream color; back, black, these places, during the remainder of their stay, seamed with brownish-yellow; scapulars, pure appear to be their grand rendezvous. The reeds, white; rump and tail coverts the same; lower part or wild oats, furnish them with such abundance of of the back, bluish-white; tail, formed like those of nutritious food, that in a short time they become ex. the Woodpecker genus, and often used in the same tremely fat, and are supposed by some of our epi. manner, being thrown in to support it while ascendcures to be equal to the famous Ortolans of Europe. ing the stalks of the reed; this habit of throwing in Their note at this season is a single chuck, and is the tail it retains even in the cage ; legs, a brownish heard overhead, with little intermission from morn- flesh color; hind heel, very long; bill, a bluish-horn ing till night. These are halcyon days for our color; eye, hazel. In the month of June this gunners of all descriptions, and many a lame and plumage gradually changes to a brownish-yellow, rusty gun-barrel is put in requisition for the sport. like that of the female, which has the back streaked The report of musketry along the reedy shores of with brownish-black; whole lower parts, dull-yellow; the Delaware and Schuylkill almost incessant, bill, reddish-flesh color; legs and eyes as in the male. resembling a running fire. The markets of Phila. The young birds retain the dress of the female until delphia, at this season, exhibit proofs of the pro early in the succeeding spring. The plumage of digious havoc made among these birds, for almost the female undergoes no material change of color.

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The Cedar-Bird, (Ampelis Americana,) is very | to the lower cultivated parts of the country to feed frequently shot at the same time with the Robin. on the berries of the sour gum and red cedar. In The plumage of this bird is of an exquisitely fine the fall and beginning of summer, when fat, they are and silky texture, lying extremely smooth and in high esteem for the table, and great numbers find glossy. The name Chatterers has been given to purchasers in the market of Philadelphia. They them, but they make only a feeble, lisping sound, have derived their name from one kind of their chiefly as they rise or alight. On the Blue Moun- favorite food; from other sorts they have also been tains, and other ridges of the Alleghanies, they called Cherry Birds, and to some they are known spend the months of August and September, feeding by the name of Crown Birds. on the abundant whortleberries; then they descend

73

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

The Poetical Works of Fitz-Greene Halleck. Now first | Here, for the purpose of a vivid contrast, there is a sacrifice

collected. Illustrated with Steel Engravings, from draw- of poetic truth. The same piece closes with asserting that ings by American Artists. New York : D. Appleton & Co.

the smiles and tears of woman, 1 vol. 8vo.

Alone keep bright, throngh Time's long hour, This volume is a perfect luxury to the eye, in its typo

That frailer thing ihan leaf or flower,

A poet's immortaliiy. graphy and embellishments. The fact of an author's appearance in so rich a dress, is itself an evidence of his Here the thought, redeemed as it is by beautiful expres. popularity. We have here, for the first time, a complete sion, is worthy only of a sentimental poetaster of the edition of the author's poems, tender and humorous, serious

Della Cruscan school; and we can easily imagine what a and satirical, in a beautiful form. It contains Alnwick mocking twinkle would light the eye of its author, if some Castle, Burns, Marco Bozzarris, Red Jacket, A Poet's

one should tell him that Homer, Dante, Shakspeare, and Daughter, Connecticut, Wyoming, and other pieces which

Milton were “kept bright" by the smiles and tears of have passed into the memory of the nation, together with

woman. These, and one or two other passages in Halleck, the delicious poem of Fanny, and the celebrated Croaker

are unworthy of his manly and cant-hating mind; and it Epistles. The illustrations are all by American artists, is wonderful how they could have escaped his brilliant and really embellish the volume. The portrait of Halleck good sense. is exceedingly characteristic of the man, expressing that

Fanny, and the Croaker Epistles are the most brilliant union of intellect and fancy, sound sense, and poetic power,

things of their kind in American literature, full of wit, which his productions are so calculated to suggest. His fancy, and feeling, and in all their rapid transitions, charaegreat popularity—a popularity which has always made the

terized by an ethereal lightness of movement, a glancing supply of his poems inferior to the demand will doubtless felicity of expression, which betray a poet's plastic touch send the present magnificent volume through many editions. equally in the sentiment and the merriment. No American

The poems of Halleck are not only good in themselves, poems have been more eagerly sought after, and more probut they give an impression of greater powers than they vokingly concealed, than these. Three editions of Fanny embody. They seem to indicate a large, broad, vigorous have been published, but the difficulty of obtaining a copy mind, of which poetry has been the recreation rather than

has always been great. Many who were smitten with a the vocation. A brilliant mischievousness, in which the

love for it have been compelled to transcribe it from the serious and the ludicrous, the tender and the comic, the

copy of a more fortunate collector. The Croaker Epistles practical and the ideal, are brought rapidly together, is the

have been even more cunningly suppressed. Now we leading characteristic of his muse. In almost every poem

have both in a form which will endure with the stereotype in his volume, serious, or semi-serious, the object appears plates. They evince the most brilliant characteristics of to be the production of striking effects by violent contrasts.

Halleck's genius, and continually suggest the thought, that The poet himself rarely seems thoroughly in earnest, though if the mind of the author be so powerful and various in at the same time he never lacks heartiness. There are

its almost extempore sport and play, it must have stil two splendid exceptions to this remark-Burns, and Marco greater capacity in itself. Bozzarris,poems in which the delicacy and energy of the

Fanny, and the Croaker Epistles swarm with local and author's mind find free expression. They show that if the personal allusions which a New-Yorker alone can fully poet commonly plays with his subject, it is not from an in-appreciate. Van Buren, Webster, Clinton, the politicians capacity to feel and conceive it vividly, but from a beautiful and authors generally of the period when the poems were willfulness of nature, which is impatient of the control of written, are all touched with a light and graceful peneil. one idea or emotion. Halleck’s perceptions of the ideal Fanny is conceived and executed after the manner of and practical appears equally clear and vivid. His fancy Byron's Beppo and Don Juan. It is full of brilliant cannot suggest a poetical view of life, without his wit at rogueries, produced by bringing sentiment and satire the same time suggesting its prosaic counterpart in society. | together with a shock. For instance, A mind thus exquisitely sensitive both to the beautiful and Dear to the exile is his native land, laughable sides of a subject-looking at life at once with

In memory's twilight beauty seen afar:

Dear to the broker is a note of hand the eye of the poet and the man of the world—naturally

Collaterally secured—the polar star finds delight in a fine mockery of its own idealisms, and Is dear at midnight to the sailor's eyes, loves to sport with its own high-raised feelings. His

And dear are Brisled's volumes at half price. poetry is not, therefore, so much an exhibition of the real The sun is loveliest as he sinks to rest; nature and capacity of the man, as of the play and inter

The leaves of Autumn smile when fading fast; penetration of his various mental powers, in periods of

The swan's last song is sweetest—and the best

Of Meige's speeches, doubtless, was his lasi. pleasant relaxation from the business of life. In a few instances, we think, his humorous insight has been deceived In a mocking attempt to prove that New York exceeded from the unconscious influence upon his mind of the senti.

Greece in the Fine Arts, we have the following convincing ment of Byron and Moore. Thus he occasionally falls arguments : into the exaggerations of misanthropy and sentimentality.

In sculpture we've a grace the Grecian master, In his poem entitled Woman, we are informed that man Blushing, had owned his purest model lacks; has no constancy of affection,

We've Mr. Bogart in the best of plaster,

The Witch of Endor in the best of wax,
His vows are broke,

Beside the head of Franklin on the roof
Even while his parting kiss is warın;

Of Mr. Lang, both jest and weather-proof.
But woman's love all change will mock,
And, like the ivy round the oak,

In painting we have Trumbull's proud chef d'autre,
Cling closest in the storm.

Blending in one the funny and ihe fine ;

His independence will endure forever

body's mind is made up on those points. The present And so will Mr. Allen's lottery sign; And all that grace the Academy of Arts,

edition is admirably adapted to convey to the reader From Dr. Hosack's face to Bonaparte's.

Byron's idea of himself, the opinions formed of him by his

contemporaries, and the effect of his several works on the In physic, we have Francis and McNeven,

Famed for long heads, short lectures, and long bills; public mind as they appeared. It contains an immense And Quackenboss, and others, who from heaven

number of notes by Moore, Scott, Jeffrey, Campbell, Were rained upon us in a shower of pills.

Wilson, Rogers, Heber, Milman, Gifford, Ellis, Bridges, It would be impossible to give a notion of the genial and others, which will be found extremely useful and satire of the Croakers by extracts. The following, from entertaining. Extracts are iaken from Byron's own diary, the epistle to the Recorder, is unmatched for felicity and

and from the recorders of his conversations, giving an acexquisite contrast :

curate impression of eaeh poem, as regards its time and The Cæsar passed the Rubicon

manner of composition, the feelings from which it sprung, With helm, and shield, and breast-plate on,

and the opinion he entertained of its reception by the public. Dashing his war-horse through the waters; Profuse quotations are made from the first draught of each The R*d* would have built a barge,

poem, showing how some of the most striking ideas were Or steamboat, at the city's charge, And passed it with his wife and daughters.

originally written, and the improvements introduced in

their expression by the author's “sober second thoughts.” In the same piece occurs the following fine tribute to

The opinions expressed of the various poems by the leading Bryani :

reviews of the time, including the criticisms of Scoil, Bryant, whose songs are thoughts that bless The heari, iis teachers, and its joy,

Jeffrey, Gifford, Heber, and others, are largely quoted. As mothers blend with their caress

Added to these are numerous notes, explaining allusions, Lessons of iruth and gentleness,

or illustrating images which the common reader might be And virtue for the listening boy.

supposed not to understand. Taken altogether, the edition Spring's lovelier flowers for many a day Have blossomed on his wandering way,

will enable almost any person to obtain a clear underBeings of beauty and decay,

standing of Byron and his works, without any trouble or They slumber in their autumn tomb;

inconvenience. There is no other edition which can comBut those that graced his own Green River, And wreathed the lauice of his home,

pare with it in this respect. Charmed by his song from mortal doom,

Many of the notes are exceedingly curious, and if not Bloom on, and will bloom on forever.

absolutely new, have been gathered from such a wide Pope has become famous for his divine complimenis, variety of sources, as to be novel 10 a majority of readers. but certainly no poet ever celebrated the genius of another We have been struck with the impression which Byron's with more felicity and sweetness than in the above beautiful energy made upon Dr. Parr, the veteran linguist. After passage.

reading the Island, he exclaims—"Byron! the sorcerer ! It would be impossible to notice all the striking poems He can do with me according to his will. If it is to throw in this volume—and they are too favorably known to need me headlong upon a desert island; if it is 10 place me on it. There is one piece, however, which deserves especial the summit of a dizzy cliff-his power is the same. I commendation, and its merits do not appear to have called wish he had a friend, or a servant, appointed to the office forth the eulogy which has been bountifully lavished on of the slave, who was to knock every morning at the inany others. We allude to his exquisite translation from chamber-door of Philip of Macedon, and remind him he Goethe, on the eighty-third page- the invocation to the was mortal." From Parr's life we learn that Sardanaideal world, which precedes Faust. It is one of the gems palus affected him even more strongly. “In the course of of the volume.

the evening the doctor cried out, 'Have you read Sarda

napalus ?' 'Yes, sir.' 'Right; and you could n't sleep a The Poetical Works of Lord Byron. Complete in one

wink after it?' 'No.' 'Right, right-now don't say a Volume. Collected and Arranged, with Illustrative Notes.

word more about it to-night.' The memory of that fine Illustrated by Elegant Steel Engravings. New York :

poem seemed to act like a spell of horrible fascination upon D. Appleton & Co. 1 vol. 8vo.

him.” Perhaps from a few anecdoies like this, we gain a

much more vivid impression of the sensation which Byron's This edition of Byron might bear the palm from all other poems excited on their first appearance, and their strong American editions, in respect to its combination of cheap. hold upon the imagination and passions of the public, Dess with elegance, if it were not the most valuable in point than we could obtain from the most elaborate descripof completeness and illustrative notes. It is a reprint of tion of their effects. If such was their power upon an old Murray's Library edition, and while executed in a similar scholar like Parr, what must have been their influence style of typography, excells il, if we are not mistaken, in upon younger and more inflammable minds ? the number of its embellishments. It contains an admirable The editor's preface to Don Juan is no less valuable portrait of Byron, a view of Newstead Abbey, and also than entertaining. It contains not merely the opinions exsix fine steel engravings, executed with great beauty and pressed of the poem by the reviews and magazines, but finish. It is uniform with the same publisher's library those of the newspapers, and enables us to gather the judgedition of Southey and Moore, contains eight hundred ment of the English people upon that strange combination pages of closely printed matter, and includes every thing of sublimity and ribaldry, sentiment and wit, tenderness and that Byron wrote in verse. It does honor to the enter- mockery, at the time it first blazed forth from the press. The prise and laste of the publishers, and will doubtless have a suppressed dedication of the poem to Southey is also given circulation commensurate with its merits. As long as our in full, with all its brutal blackguardism and drunken brilAmerican booksellers evince a disposition to publish liancy. In truth, the volume conveys an accurate impresclassical works in so beautiful a form, it is a pleasant duty sion of all the sides of Byron's versatile nature, and from of the press 10 commend their editions. We cordially wish its very completeness is the less likely to be injurious. success to all speculations which imply a confidence in the There is no edition of his poems which we could more public taste.

safely commend to the reader, as it exhibits Byron the poet, It would be needless here 10 express any opinion of the Byron the scoffer, Byron the roué, in his true colors and intellectual or moral character of Byron's poems. Every real dimensions; and if, after reading it, a person should

adopt the old cant about his brilliant rascalities, and the old singularly rich and suggestive fancy, and a wide variety of drivel about his sentimental misanthropy, the fault is in the information, his use of ornament and allusion is characterreader rather than the volume. For our own part we are ized by a taste, an appropriateness, a reserve, which mea acquainted with no edition of any celebrated author, of smaller stores rarely practice. As a critic, he is cair, equaling this in the remorselessness with which the man clear, judicious, sympathetic, and making the applicatica di is stripped of all the factitious coverings of the poet, and a principle all the more stringent, from his vivid perception stands out more clearly in his true nature and character. of the object of his criticism. The present volume is wortay

of its subject, and is more calculated to convey accura's The Life of Henry the Fourth, King of France and Navarre. information of the lives, character, and works of Americas

By G. P. R. James. New York: Harper & Brothers. artists, than any other we have seen. It is also exceeding's 2 rols. 12mo.

interesting, being full of anecdotes and biographical me Few kings have been so fortunate as IIenry the Fourth

moranda of artists who are commonly known only as in the reputation and good will they have obtained from painters, not as men. In this respect the volume contain the people. By democrats as well as monarchists his name

much original information, which will be valuable to it is held in a kind of loving veneration. Much of this popu

future historian of American art. In his criticism, Mr. larity is doubtless owing to his superiority, in disposition as Tuckerman evinces knowledge as well as taste; and to well as mind, to the ferocious bigotry of his age, and to avoiding technical terms, he contrives to render agreeats his great edict of toleration which healed for a time the

and clear what is generally unintelligible to the uninitiae horrible religious dissensions of France. Apart from his reader of critiques on paintings. The volume contains, ability, however, his virtues as a king sprung rather from

among other sketches and biographies, very interesul good-nature and benevolence, than from moral or religious notices of the lives and works of West, Copley, Star', principle. His toleration was the result of his indifference Allston, Morse, Durand, W. E. West, Sully, Inman, Cubz as much as his good sense; and he was not a persecutor, Weir, Leutze, and Brown. because to him neither Catholicism nor Protestantism was of sufficient importance to justify persecution. He was a Appleton's Library Vanuel : Containing a Catalogue Rai fanatic only in sensuality; and if he committed crime, it sonne of upwards of Twelve Thousand of the most im would be rather for a mistress than a doctrine. The last portant Works in Every Department of Knowledge, in all act of his reign, growing out of his impatience in haviug Modern Languages. New York; D. Appleton C& his designs on the Princess of Condé baffled, showed that 1 tol. 8vo. lust could urge him into an unjust and unprincipled war, This is one of the most available and valuable bilis where religious superstition would have been totally in- graphical works extant. Its object is indicated by its title effective.

Such a book should be in the possession of every student Mr. James's Life of Henry is a careful compilation from scholar, book-collector, and librarian. There is hardlys the most reliable sources of information, and embodies a subject which can attract the attention of an inquisitin large amount of important knowledge. Though far from mind, which is not included in this collection, and the tita realizing the higher conditions of historical art, it is more of the best books, in different languages, which relate to ! accurate and spirited than the general run of historical given in full, with the various editions, and their price ! works. Mr. James's conscience in the matter of the pre- would be needless to dilate upon the value of such a wat sent book, seems to have been much greater than we might The compilers deserve the highest credit for the lah have expected from the king of book-makers. When his intelligence, and expense they have devoted to it. T history was ready for the press, the French Government

cost is but one dollar. commenced publishing the “ Lettres Missives” of Henry IV., and Mr. James delayed bis book four years, in order Sybil Lennard, a Record of Woman's Life. that its facts might be verified or increased by comparison Mrs. Grey is one of the most popular novel writers of th with that important publication. His work, therefore, is present day, and Sybil Lennard is unquestionably the be probably the fullest and most accurate one we possess on of her works. It is published by Mr. T. B. Peterson the age of which it treats. It is well worthy of an atten- whom the advance sheets were procured from England. tive perusal. Il abounds in incidents and characters which would make the fortune of a novel, and is an illustration

Chambers' Miscellany. of that kind of truth which is stranger than fiction. The

Part No. 5, of Chamber's interesting Miscellany has been Harpers have issued the work in a tasteful form.

published, and the articles it contains are of the higha

order of excellence. Messrs. Zieber & Co. are the Phi Artist Life. By H. T. Tuckerman. New York : D. Appleton delphia publishers.

& Co. 1 vol. 12mo.

Mr. Tuckerman is an author whose productions we have PosthumOUS WRITINGS OF JOSEPH C. NEAL, Esq.-1 repeatedly had occasion to notice and to praise. They have several admirable Charcoal Sketches by Mr. Ne have always a finished air, which favorably distinguishes a rich legacy bequeathed expressly to us by our gifted a them from many American publications, the products of lamented friend. Now that the fountain, whose outras mingled talent and haste. Mr Tuckerman does not appear ings have so often enriched our pages, is forever can to rush into print, with unformed ideas hastily clad in a these gems of genius will have a new and peculiar ya. loose undress of language-as if the palm of excellence We commence their publication in our present number were due to the swifiest runner in the race of expression. His style is clear, polished, graceful, and harmonious, THE New York MIRROR. This journal is edited combining a flowing movement with condensation, and free surpassing ability; and its continued and advancing p from the tricks and charlatanries of diction. He is not so larity is creditable to the taste of the community in we popular as he would be if he made more noise about his it is published. Spirited, independent, and liberal, it words and thoughts, and called the attention of the public merely, as its name indicates, reflects the light of the to every felicity of his style or reflection by a pugnacious but shines with a lustre of its own. It is well worthy manner, and a strained expression. Though possessing a good fortune.

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