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done by a prompt and rapid march, surprising and ment, and led it on most gallantiy to repeated and cutting off all the advanced pickets, until we arrived successful charges, until the fight ended in the comwithin gun-shot of the fort ai Pensacola. The army plete rout of the enemy. We were still pressing on of Gen. Jackson was then so inconsiderable as to iheir rear, when an officer of the general's staff rode render a reinforcement of a single company, com- up and ordered the pursuit discontinued. Captain manded by such an officer as Capt. Butler, an impor. Butler urged its continuance, and expressed the contant acquisition. And although there were several fident belief of his ability to take many prisoners, if companies of regular troops ordered to march from permitted to advance. But the order was promptly Tennessee at the same time, Capt. Butler's, by his repeated, under the well-founded apprehension ihat extraordinary energy and promptitude, was the only our troops might come in collision with each other, one which arrived in time to join this expedition. His an event which had unhappily occurred at a previous company formed a part of the centre column of at hour of the fight. No corps on that field was more tack at Pensacola. The street we entered was de- bravely led 10 battle than the regiment commanded fended by a battery in front, which tired on us inces- by Capt. Butler, and no officer of any rank, save the santly, while several strong block-houses, on our commander-in-chief, was entitled to higher credit for flanks, discharged upon us small arms and artillery. the achievement of ihat glorious nighi. But a gallant and rapid charge soon carried the guns 6 A short time before the battle of the 8th of in front, and the town immediately surrendered. January, Capt. Butler was detailed to command the
* In this fight Capt. Butler led on his company guard in front of the encampment. A house standing with his usual intrepidity. He had one officer, Lieut. near the bridge, in advance of his position, had been Flournoy, severely wounded, and several non-com- taken possession of by the light troops of the enemy, missioned officers and privales killed and wounded. from whence they annoyed our guard. Capt. Butler
· From Pensacola, after the object of the expedi- determined to dislodge them and burn the house. He tion was completed, by another prompt and rapid accordingly marched to the attack at the head of his movement, we arrived at New Orleans a few weeks command, but the enemy retired before him. Seeing before the appearance of the enemy.
them retreat, he halted his guard, and advanced him“On the 23 of December the signal-gun announced self, accompanied by two or three men only, for the the approach of the enemy; The previous night they purpose of burning the house. It was an old frame had surprised and captured one of our pickets; had building, weather-boarded, without ceiling or plaster ascended a bayou, disembarked, and had taken pos- in the inside, with a single door opening to the British session of the left bank of the Mississippi, within six camp. On entering the house he found a soldier of miles of New Orleans. The energy of every officer the enemy concealed in one corner, whom he capwas put in requisition, to concentrate our forces in tured, and sent to the rear with his men, remaining time to meet the enemy. Capt. Butler was one of alone in the house. While he was in the act of the first to arrive at the general's quarters, and ask kindling a fire, a detachment of the enemy, unperinstructions; ihey were received and prompily exe-ceived, occupied the only door. The first impulse cuted. Our regiment, stationed on the opposite side, was to force, with his single arm, a passage through was transported across the river. All the available them, but he was instantly seized in a violent manner forces of our army, not much exceeding fifteen hun by two or three stout fellows, who pushed him back dred men, were concentrated in the city; and while against the wall with such force as to burst off the the sun went down the line of battle was formed; weather-boarding from the wall, and he fell through and every officer took the station assigned him in the the opening thus made. In an instant he recovered fight. The infantry formed on the open square, in himself, and under a heavy fire from the enemy, he front of the Cathedral, waiting in anxious expectation retreated until supported by the guard, which he imfor the order to move. During this momentary pause, mediately led on to the attack, drove the British while the enemy was expected to enter the city, a light iroops from their strong position, and burnt the scene of deep and thrilling interest was presented. house in the presence of the iwo armies. Every gallery, porch and window around the square "I witnessed on that field many deeds of daring were filled with the fair forms of beauty, in silent courage, but none of which more excited my admianxiety and alarm, waving their handkerchiefs to ration than this. the gallant and devoted band which stood before them, “ Capt. Butler was soon after in the battle of the prepared to die, or defend them from the rude intru- 8th of January, where he sustained his previously sion of a foreign soldiery. It was a scene calculated high and well earned reputation for bravery and use10 awaken enotions never to be forgotten. It ap- fulness. But that battle, which, from its important pealed to the chivalry and patriotism of every officer results, has eclipsed those which preceded it, was and soldier-it inspired every heart, and nerved every but a slaughter of the enemy, with trivial loss on our arm for battle. From this impressive scene the army part, and presenting few instances of individual dismarched to meet the enemy, and about eight o'clock tinction. at night they were surprised in their encampment, “ Capt. Butler received the brevet rank of major immediately on the banks of the Mississippi. Un- for his gallant services during that eventful campaign, discovered, our line was formed in silence within a and the reward of merit was never more worthily short distance of the enemy; a rapid charge was bestowed. Soon after the close of the war, he was made into their camp, and a desperate contlict en- appointed aid-de-camp to Gen. Jackson, in which sued. After a determined resistance the enemy gave station he remained until he retired from the army. way, but disputing every inch of ground we gained. Since that period I have seldom had the pleasure of In advancing over ditches and fences in the night, meeting with my valued friend and companion in rendered still more dark by the smoke of the battle, arms, and I know but little of his career in civil life. much confusion necessarily ensued, and many officers But in camp, his elevated principles, his intelligence became separated from their commands. It more and generous feelings, won for him the respect and than once occurred during the fight that some of our contidence of all who knew him; and where he is officers, through mistake, entered the enemy's lines; bext known, I will venture to say, he is still most and the British officers in like manner entered ours. highly appreciated for every attribute which constiThe meritorious officer in command of our regiment, tutes the gentleman and the soldier. at the commencement of the baule, lost his position
** I am, sir, very respectfully, in the darkness and confusion, and was unable to re
"R. K. CALL." gain it until the action was over. In this manner, " Mr. WILLIAM TANNER." for a short time, the regiment was without a commander, and its movements were regulated by the General Jackson's sense of the services of Butler, platoon officers, which increased the confusion and in this memorable campaign, was strongly expressed irregularity of the advance. In this critical situation, and in the heat of the battle, Capt. Butler, as the in the following letter to a member of the Kentucky senior officer present, assumed cominand of the regi. Legislature :
" Hermitage, Feb. 20, 1814. tucky River. Through this section the Indian war“MY DEAR Sır,-You ask me to give you my path into the heart of Kentucky passed. Until the opinion of the military services of the then Captain, peace of 1794, there was scarcely a day that some now Colonel, Wm. o. Butler, of Kentucky, during hostile Savage did not prowl through the tangled the ir vestment of New Orleans by the British forces in 1814 and 1815. I wish I had sufficient strengih 10 forests, and the labyrinths of hills, streams and cliffs, speak fully of the merit of the services of Col. Butler which adapted this region to their lurking warfare. on that occasion; this strength I have not: Suffice it from it they emerged when they made their last for to say, that on all occasions he displayed that heroic chivalry, and calmness of judgment in the midst of midable incursion, and pushed their foray to the envidanger, which distinguish the valuable otlicer in the rons of Frankfort, the capital of the State. General hour of battle. In a conspicuous manner were those Pierce Butler had on one side of him the Ohio, on the noble qualities displayed by him on the night of the 230 December, 1814, and on the Sth of January, 1915, farther shore of which the savage hordes still held as well as at all times during the presence of the Bri- the mastery, and on the other the romantic region tish army at New Orleans. In short, he was to be through which they hunted and pressed their war enfound at all points where duty called. I hazard nothing in saying that should our country again be en
terprises. And here, amid the scenes of border wargaged in war during the active age of Col. Butler, he fare, his son William had that spirit, which has ani. would be one of the very best selections that could mated him through life, educated by the legends of be made to command our army, and lead the Eagles the Indian-fighting hunters of Kentucky. of our country on to viciory and renown. He has sufficient energy to assume all responsibility neces
To the feelings and taste inspired by the peculiarisary to success, and for his country's good.
ties of the place and circumstances adverted to, must "ANDREW JACKSON.”
be attributed the return of Col. Butler to his father's Gen. Jackson gave earlier proof of the high esti- home, to enter on his profession as a lawyer. There mation in which he held the young soldier who had
were no great causes or rich clients to attract himidentified himself with his own glory at New Orleans.
no dense population to lift him to the political honors He made him his aid-de-camp in 1816—which station of the State. The eloquence and learning, the inhe retained on the peace establishment, with the rank dustry and integrity which he gave to adjust the conof colonel. But, like his illustrious patron, he soon
troversies of Gallatin and the surrounding counties, felt that military station and distinction had no charms would have crowned him with wealth and profesfor him when unattended with the dangers, duties, sional distinction, if exhibited at Louisville or Les and patriotic achievements of war. He resigned, ington. But he coveted neither. Independence, the therefore, even the association with his veteran chier, affections of his early associates, the love of a family of which he was so proud, and retired in 1817 10 pri- circle, and the charm which the recollection of a vate life. He resumed his study of the profession happy boyhood gave to the scenes in which he was that was interrupted by the war, married, and settled reared, were all he sought. And he found them ali down on his patrimonial possession at the confluence in the romantic dells and woodland heights of Kenof the Kentucky and Ohio rivers, in the noiseless but tucky, and on the sides of the far spreading, gently ! arduous vocations of civil life. The abode which he flowing, beautiful Ohio. The feeling which his sinhad chosen made it peculiarly so with him. The cere and sensitive nature had imbibed here was as region around him was wild and romantic, sparsely strong as that of the Switzer for his bright lakes. settled, and by pastoral people. There are no popu- lofty mountains, and deep valleys. The wild airs of Jous towns.
The high, rolling, and yet rich lands— the boat horn, which have resounded for so many the precipitous cliffs of the Kentucky, of Eagle, years from arks descending the Ohio and Kentucky, Tavern and other tributaries which pour into it near thoating along the current and recurring in echoes the mouth--make this section of the State still, to from the hollows of the hills, like its eddies, became some extent a wilderness of thickets and the tangled as dear to him as the famous Rans de Vache to the pea-vine, the grape-vine and nut-bearing trees, which native of Switzerland. We insert, as characteristic rendered all Kentucky, until the intrusion of the alike of the poetical talent and temperament of Butler, whites, one great Indian park. The whole luxuriant some verses which the sound of this rude instrument domain was preserved by the Indians as a pasture for evoked when he returned home, resigning with rap buffalo, deer, elk, and other animals--their enjoy- ture "the ear piercing fife and spirit stirring drum" ment alike as a chase and a subsistence-by exclud- for the wooden born, which can only compass in its ing every tribe from fixing a habitation in it. Its simple melody such airs as that to which Burns has name consecrated it as the dark and bloody ground; set his beautiful words-and war pursued every foot that trod it. In the When wild war's deadly blast was blawn, midst of this region, in April, 1791, Wm. O. Butler
And gentle peace returning,
Wi' mony a sweet babe fatherless, was born, in Jessamine county, on the Kentucky And many a widow mourning; River. His father had married, in Lexington, soon
I left the lines and tented field.' after his arrival in Kentucky, 1782, Miss Howkins, The music of this song made the burden of the a sister-in-law of Col. Todd, who commanded and “ Boatman's Horn,” and always announced the apperished in the battle of the Blue-Licks. Following proaching ark to the river villages. the instincts of his family, which seemed ever to The sentiments of the poet, as well as the sweet court danger, Gen. Pierce Butler, as neighborhood and deep tones which wasted the plaintive air over encroached around him, removed, not long after the the wide expanse of the Ohio, may have contributed birth of his son William, to the mouth of the Ken- to awaken the feeling which pervade these lines.
THE BOAT HORN.
mocracy, as had succeeded in his congressional O, boatman! wind that horn again,
district. He was nominated as the Democratic canFor never did the list'ning air Upon its lambent bosom bear
didate for governor by the 8th of January Convention ; So wild, so soft, so sweet a strain
and there is good ground to believe that he would What though thy notes are sad, and few,
have been chosen over his estimable Whig comBy every simple boalman blown, Yet is each pulse to nature true,
petitor, Governor Owsley, but for the universal convic. And melody
every tone. How oft in böyhood's joyous day,
tion throughout the state that the defeat of Mr. Clay's Unmindful of the lapsing hours,
party, by the choice of a Democratic governor in I've loitered on my homeward way By wild Ohio's brink of flowers,
August, would have operated to injure Mr. Clay's
Poured his soft numbers to that tide,
election which followed immediately after in NoThe boat where all his fortunes ride!
vember. With Mr. Clay's popularity, and the acDelighted Nature drank the sound, Enchanted-Echo bore it round
tivity of all bis friends—with the state pride so long In whispets soft, and softer still,
exalted by the aspiration of giving a President to the From hill to plain, and plain to hill, Till e'en the ihoughtless, frolick boy,
Union-more eagerly than ever enlisted against the
Democracy, Col. Butler diminished the Whig majority
from twenty thousand to less than five thousand. Feels something new pervade his breast,
The late military events with which Maj. Gen.
Butler has been connected—in consequence of his
elevation to that grade in 1846, with the view to the
Taylor in his invasion of Mexico—are so well known
to the country that minute recital is not necessary.
He acted a very conspicuous part in the severe con-
flict at Monterey, and had, as second in command Beginning with the dewy flower,
under Gen. Taylor, his full share in the arduous duties Just oped in Flora's vernal bower
and responsibilities incurred in that important moveRising creation's orders through With louder murmur, brighter hue
ment. The narrative of Major Thomas, senior assistant That tide is sympathy! its ebb and flow Give life its hues of joy and wo.
adjutant-general of the army in Mexico, and hence Music, the master-spirit that can move
assigned by Gen. Taylor to the staff of Gen. Butler, Its waves to war, or lull them into loveCan cheer the sinking sailor mid the wave,
reports so plainly and modestly the part which Gen. And bid the soldier on! nor fear the grave- Butler performed in subjecting the city, that it may Inspire the fainting pilgrim on his road,
well stand for history. This passage is taken from it. And elevate his soul to claim his God. Then, boatman! wind that horn again!
“The army arrived at their camp in the vicinity of Though much of sorrow mark its strain, Yet are its notes to sorrow dear;
Monterey about noon September 19th. That afterWhat though they wake fond memory's tear! noon the general endeavored by personal observation Tears are sad memory's sacred feast,
to get information of the enemy's position. He, like And rapture oft her chosen guest.
Gen. Taylor, saw the importance of gaining the road This retirement, which may almost be considered to Saltillo, and fully favored the movement of Gen. seclusion, was enjoyed by Col. Butler nearly twenty- Worth's division to turn their left, &c. Worth five years, when he was called out by the Democratic marched Sunday, September 20th, for this purpose, party to redeem by his personal popularity the con- thus leaving Twiggs' and Butler's divisions with Gen. gressional district in which he lived. It was supposed Taylor. Gen. Butler was also in favor of throwing that no one else could save it from the Whigs. Like his division across the St. John's river, and approachall the rest of his family, none of whom had made ing the town from the east, which was at first detertheir military service a passport to the honors and mined upon. This was changed, as it would leave emoluments of civil stations, he was averse to re- but one, and perhaps the smallest division, to guard linquish the attitude he occupied to enter on a the camp, and attack in front. The 20th the general party struggle. The importunity of friends prevailed; also reconnoitered the enemy's position. Early the and he was elected to two successive terms in Con- morning of the 21st the force was ordered out to gress, absolutely refusing to be a candidate a third create a diversion in favor of Worth, that he might țime. He spoke seldom in Congress, but in two or gain his position; and before our division came within three fine speeches which appear in the debates, a long range of the enemy's principal battery, the foot power will readily be detected which could not have of Twiggs' division had been ordered down to the failed to conduct to the highest distinction in that northeast side of the town, to make an armed reconbody. Taste, judgment, and eloquence, characterized noisance of the advanced battery, and to take it if it all his efforts in Congress. A fine manner, an agree-could be done without great loss. The volunteer able voice, and the high consideration accorded to division was scarcely formed in rear of our howitzer him by the members of all parties, gave him, what it and mortar battery, established the night previous is the good fortune of few to obtain, an attentive and under cover of a rise of ground, before the infantry gratified audience.
sent down to the northeast side of the town became In 1814 the same experiment was made with closely and hotly engaged, the batteries of that diviButler's popularity to carry the state for the De- sion were sent down, and we were then ordered to
support the attack. Leaving the Kentucky regiment encamped that night ten miles on the road to Saltillo. to support the mortar and howitzer battery, the This prompiness enabled the general to make his general rapidly put in march, by a flank movement, second day's march of iwenty-lwo miles in good the other three regiments, moving for some one and season, and to hold the celebrated pass of Los Muerice, a-half or two miles under a heavy fire of round shot. and check the enemy should he have attacked Gen. As further ordered, the Obio regiment was detached Worth on that day, and obliged him to evacuate the from Quitman's brigade, and led by the general (at town. Whilst on the next, and last day's march, the this time accompanied by Gen. Taylor) into the town. general received notice that the reported advance of Quitman carried his brigade directly on the battery the enemy was untrue. Arriving at the camp-ground, first attacked, and gallantly carried it. Before this, the general sussered intense pain from his wound, and however, as we entered the suburbs, the chief engineer slept not during the night. This journey, over a came up and advised us to withdraw, as the object of rugged, mountainous road, and the exercise he took the attack had failed, and if we moved on we must in examining the country for twenty miles in advance meet with great loss. The general was loath to fall of Saltillo, caused the great increase of pain now back without consulting with Gen. Taylor, which he experienced.” did do—the general being but a short distance off. The major's account then goes on to relate Gen. As we were withdrawing, news came that Quitman Butler's proceedings while in command of all the had carried the battery, and Gen. Butler led the Ohio forces after the junction of Generals Worth and Wool regiment back to the town at a different point. In the —his dispositions to meet the threatened attack of street we became exposed to a line of batteries on Santa Anna—the defences creaied by him at Saltillo, the opposite side of a small stream, and also from a and used during the attack at Buena Vista in dispersing tête de pont (bridge-head) which enfiladed us. Our Miñon's forces—his just treatment of the people of men fell rapidly as we moved up the street to get a Saltillo, with the prudent and effectual precautions position to charge the battery across the stream. taken to make them passive in the event of Santa Coming to a cross-street, the general reconnoitered Anna's approach. It concludes by stating that all the position, and determining to charge from that point, apprehensions of Santa Anna's advance subsiding, sent me back a short distance to stop the firing, and Gen. Butler returned to meet Gen. Taylor at Monadvance the regiment with the bayonet. I had just terey, to report the condition of affairs; and the latter, left him, when he was struck in the leg, being on foot, having taken the command at Saltillo, transmitted a and was obliged to leave the field.”'
leave of absence to Gen. Butler, to afford opportunity "On entering the town, the general and his troops for the cure of his wound. became at once hotly engaged at short musket range. This paper affords evidence of the kind feeling He had to make his reconnoisances under heavy fire. which subsisted between the two generals during the This he did unflinchingly, and by exposing his person campaign, and this sentiment was strongly evinced -on one occasion passing through a large gateway into by Gen. Butler, on his arrival in Washington, where a yard which was entirely open to the enemy. When he spoke in the most exalted terms of the leader under he was wounded, at the intersection of the two streets, whom he served. he was exposed to a cross-fire of musketry and grape.” In person Gen. Butler is tall, straight, and hand
“ In battle the general's bearing was truly that of a somely formed, exceedingly active and alert-his soldier; and those under him felt the influence of his mien is inviting-his manners gracefnl—his gait and presence. He had the entire confidence of his men.” air military-his countenance frank and pleasing
The narrative of Major Thomas continues : the outline of his features of the aquiline cast, thin
“When Gen. Taylor went on his expedition to and pointed in expression-the general contour of his Victoria, in December, he placed Gen. Butler in com- head is Roman. mand of the troops left on the Rio Grande, and at the The character of Gen. Butler in private life is in fine stations from the river on to Saltillo-Worth’s small keeping with that exhibited in his public career. In division of regulars being at the latter place. Gen. the domestic circle, care, kindness, assiduous activity Wool's column had by this time reached Parras, one in anticipating the wants of all around him-readiness hundred or more miles west of Saltillo. General lo forego his own gratifications to gratify others, have Butler had so far recovered from his wound as to walk become habits growing out of his affections. Ilis a little and take exercise on horseback, though with love makes perpetual sunshine at his home. Among pain to his limb. One night, (about the 19th Decem- | his neighbors, liberality, aflability, and active symber,) an express came from Gen. Worth at Saltillo, pathy mark his social intercourse, and unbending instating that the Mexican forces were advancing in legrüy and justice all his dealings. His home is one large numbers from San Luis de Potosi, and that he of unpretending simplicity. It is too much the habit expected to be attacked in two days. His division, in Kentucky, with stern and fierce men, to carry their all told, did not exceed 1500 men, if so many, and he personal and political ends with a high hand. Gen. asked reinforcements. The general remained up Butler, with all the masculine strength, courage, and during the balance of the night, sent off the necessary reputation to give success 10 attempts of this sort, never couriers to the rear for reinforcements, and had the evinced the slightest disposition to indulge the power, 1st Kentuckey, and the 1st Ohio foot, then encamped whilst his well-known firmness always forbade such three miles from town, in the place by daylight; and attempts on him. His life has been one of peace with these two regiments, with Webster's battery, were all men, except the enemies of his country.
OF THE INQUIRING MIND.
BY THE LATE JOSEPH C. NEAL.
GLOSBE How could he help it? Born with an inquiring, for himself. Often, for instance, as he had been told turn of mind, and gifted from the first with a dispo- that Gruffenhoff's big dog would bite at the aspect of sition toward experimental philosophy, by what pro- strange visitations, do you think that this species of cesses would you undertake to change the current of information would content the youthful Mizzle ? Mathew Mizzle's mind? He is one of those who No—he must see into the matter for himself, and take nothing for granted. A weight of authority is ascertain it beyond the possibility of a doubt, by little in his mind when compared to the personal in- touching up Gruffenhoff's big dog with a stick, as vestigation of the fact-facts for the people, and for the aforesaid big dog lay asleep in the sun, whereby himself as one of the people—that's the pivot on the demonstration was immediately afforded. The which Mathew Mizzle turns and returns, one fact big dog would bite—he did bite severely; and thus being to his mind worth whole volumes of specula- the little Mizzle added another fact to his magazine tive assumption; and to Mizzle all facts, let them re- of knowledge, as well as an enduring scar to his perlate to what they may, are of peculiar interest. It is son, which placed the result upon record, and kept useless to tell him so. He must go, see and examine | memory fresh on the subject. One dog, at least, will