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professing these principles, on the evil consequences arising to society from the unguarded adoption of them, and on the imputations which must attach to the medical profession, if a firin stand were not made against the conversion of the lecture-room of students in surgery into a school of infidelity. Exhibiting too the pious feeling of a well principled mind, he strove to elevate, as Hunter had ever done, the thoughts of the student from the contemplation of nature, to nature's God.
• It has been said that" an undevout astronomer is mad;" yet he only contemplates the immensity and order of the works of Nature, and the causes of the varieties of light and seasons, so serviceable to the living beings which inhabit this planet, and, as he infers, to those of others. But what shall we say of the anatomist wbo observes the structure and functions of those beings, who examines their extreme variety, and regular gradation and connexion, without any feeling or perception that Intelligence has operated in ordaining the laws of nature?
We judge of others by ourselves, and assuredly, such a character must, by the bulk of mankind, be considered as possessing either a deficient or perverse intellect.
The opinion that Intelligence must have ordained the order of Nature, is not only impressed by her decrees upon the bulk of mankind, but is confirmed by the observations and reflections of the most observant and intellectual individuals of the human race. Those who think that intelligence may exist distinct from organization, are disposed to admit that the intelligence with which they are endowed may have a separate existence. Those who think that perception is not essential to life, but is an attribute of something different, are also disposed to admit the separate existence of perception and intelligence, and thus do these two opinions produce and support each other. Both opinions are natural to most men, and confirmed by the observations and consideration of the most intellectual of the human race.'— Physiological Lectures, p. 331, 332.
Mr. Lawrence sufficiently understood that these observations, though delivered in general terms, applied directly to himself; but, instead of taking the reproof in good part, expressed as it was without harshness or severity, he was unfortunately excited by it to a high pitch of angry feeling, and to a determination to shew his contempt for it by redoubling the offence. Accordingly, in his lectures, delivered in the ensuing year, (1818) under the pretence of defending himself, he indulges in the most coarse and virulent invective against his former patron. He talks, among other things, of being attacked with the odium theologicum, which he describes as the most concentrated essence of animosity, and rancour.' p. 10. However this be, Mr. Lawrence evinces, by his own example, that the odium anti-theologicum is of a far more dark and deadly character :-and if we are ever
V. Narrative of my Captivity in Japan, during the years
1812 and 1813; with Observations on the Country and
the Author and his Companions. By Captain Rikord 107 VI. An Elementary Treatise on Astronomy. Vol. II. Con
taining Physical Astronomy. By Robert Woodhouse,
129 VII. Eastern Sketches, in Verse. By Henry Gally Knight, Esq.
149 VIII. Political Essays, with Sketches of Public Characters. By William Hazlitt.
158 IX. Essays on the Institutions, Government, and Manners of
the States of Ancient Greece. By Henry David Hill, D.D.
Professor of Greek in the University of St. Andrews. 163 X. 1. The Importance of the Cape of Good Hope, as a Colony
to Great Britain, independently of the Advantages it pos-
ward Fisher, Esq. Third Edition, with Additions.
ployment to the redundant Population of Great Britain
in Southern Africa.
William J. Burchell, Esq.
Guide. As compiled by G. Ross, Superintendent of the
Government Press in that Settlement.
with a view to the Information of Emigrants.
graphical Situation, Climate, &c.
taining a Description of the Climate, Soil, and Produc
tions of the Colony. By Jolin Wilson.
with some Account of the Missionary Settlements of the
203 XI. De l'Administration de la Justice Criminelle en Angle
terre et de l'Esprit du Gouvernement Anglais. Par
ART. I. 1. Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, with a
Statistical Account of that Kingdom, and Geographi-
By T. Edward Bowdich, Esq. Conductor.
273 JI. Thesaurus Græcæ Linguæ ab H. Stephano constructus. Editio nova, auctior et emendatior.
302 III. 1. Dictionnaire Infernal; ou Recherches et Anecdotes
sur les Démons, les Esprits, les Fantômes, les Spectres,
ment de la Monarchie, jusqu'à nos jours. Par M.
ensagen, von L. F. von Dobeneck.
348 IV. 1, Grundsätze der Strategie erläutert durch die Dar
stellung des Feldzugs von 1796 in Deutschland,
de la Campagne de 1796, en Allemagne ; ouvrage
380 V. 1. Brutus,
V. 1. Brutus, or the Fall of Tarquin, an Historical Tragedy.
By John Howard Payne.
402 VI. Sur l'Elévation des Montagnes de l'Inde, par Alexandre de Humboldt.
415 VII. A Letter respectfully addressed to His Royal Highness
the Prince Regent on occasion of the Death of her
430 VIII. Travels in Nubia ; by the late John Lewis Burckhardt.
Published by the Association for promoting the Dis-
· 437 IX. Le Royaume de Westphalie-Jérome Buonaparte-sa
Cour-ses Favoris-et ses Ministres. Par un Témoin
481 X. 1. The Substance of the Speech of the Right Hon. W.
C. Plunket, in the House of Commons, on Tuesday
the 23d of November, 1819.
Canning, in the House of Commons, on Wednesday,
upon the Opening of the Session of Parliament.
Grenville, in the House of Lords, November 30, 1819,
Art. I. 1. An Enquiry into the Probability and Rationality
of Mr. Hunter's Theory of Life, being the Subject of the first two Anatomical Lectures delivered before the Royal College of Surgeons of London. By John Abernethy, F.R.S. &c.
Professor of Anatomy and Surgery to the College. 1814. 2. An Introduction to Comparative Anatomy and Physiology,
being the two Introductory Lectures delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons on the 21st and 25th of March, 1816.
By William Lawrence, F.R.S. &c. 3. Physiological Lectures, exhibiting a General View, 8c. de
livered before the Royal College of Surgeons, 1817. By John
Abernethy, F.R.S. 4. Lectures on Physiology, Zoology, and the Natural History of
Man, delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons. By William
Lawrence, F.R.S. 1819. 5. Sketches on the Philosophy of Life. By Sir T. C. Morgan.
1819. 6. Remarks on Scepticism, being an Answer to the Views of
Bichat, Sir T. C. Morgan, and Mr. Lawrence. By the Rev. Thomas Rennell, A.M. Christian Advocate in the University
of Cambridge. 1819. 7. Cursory Observations upon the Lectures, &c. By one of the
People called Christians. 1819. 8. A Letter to the Reo. Thomas Rennell. From a Graduate in Medicine. 1819. E find our attention called by the pamphlets before us to
à subject of no ordinary importance, the discussion of the doctrine of materialism : an open avowal of which has been made in the metropolis of the British empire, in lectures delivered under public authority, by Mr. Lawrence, Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, in the Royal College of Surgeons.
In the year 1814, Mr. Abernethy, who has long been known as a medical gentleman of the highest eminence, and one of the professors of that college, delivered two lectures on the Probability and Rationality of Mr. Hunter's Theory of Life. It can scarcely be necessary to remind our readers, in limine," that the nature of the living principle is among the subjects which are manifestly beyond the reach of human investigation. The effects VOL. XXII, NO, XLIII.