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There may, at length, be no addi- ver have attended church, to become tional expence to the city, seeing that the members either of a day or an out of the produce of the seat-rents all evening congregation. But the comthe charges of the evening arrange- pliance which cannot be won in manment will in time be defrayed. There hood, for attendance on a church, we will even be no additional fabrics to win in boyhood, for attendance on a build, in the first instance, which the school; and, when the boy becomes a people are not yet in readiness to fill, man, a second effort is not necessary, were they erected in any sensible pro- It were, in fact, a far more congenial portion to the existing deficiency. transition for him to pass from the Thus, by a very cheap and simple ar- evening school to the evening church, rangement, may the number of ec- than if he never had attended school clesiastical labourers be doubled in at all; and far more congenial for the every city of our land; and, with the member of an evening to become the distinctness of the day and evening member of a day congregation, than congregations, the number of sitters if, brought up in the utter want of belonging to the establishment at congregational habits, he never had length be doubled also. We are not attended either the one or the other. aware of a speedier method for re- Thus it is that the Sabbath-school claiming the outcasts and wanderers system, which many regret as a deof a city population to congregational viation from the regularities of an eshabits; nor can we think how an ap- tablishment, is the very best expeproximation equally rapid, and, at the dient for feeding an establishment, same time, equally practicable, can be and making it at length cominensumade in towns to the parochial system. rate with the moral and spiritual neIt would instantly improve the condi- cessities of our population. It contion of the minister as to his relation- nects the susceptibility of youth with ship with the parish, who will gain a result, which, but for the possession more by it, in point of recognition, of an element so manageable, might within his own locality, in a single never be arrived at. It appears like month, than he could do by preach- the first and the firmest step to a great ing to a mixed congregation for a moral renovation in our land. And a whole lifetime. And it would gra- parochial system, which might never dually extend a taste and a demand have been reared in towns, out of such for the services of Christianity, a- stubborn materials as the depraved mong a people who had no taste and and inveterate habits of our older, is no demand for them before. It is al- thus likely to be formed and extended together a chimerical apprehension, out of the softer materials of our that it may only change day-sitters younger generation. pp. 114-124. into evening-sitters, and cause those who have now a full participation of ordinances to be satisfied with less. It would change total non-attendants into attendants upon an evening service, who, at length, not satisfied with

MR EDITOR, their deficiency from others, would As I can have no doubt that the have a demand for more. Instead of readers of the Edinburgh Magazine diminishing the taste which now is, have sincerely deplored the permission it would create the taste which must allowed by the American Congress to still be called into existence. Instead import slaves into the new state of of superseding the use of new churches Missouri, it will, I think, give them for the people, it would prepare a peo- some consolation to hear that the ple for the new churches, and turn measure is equally deprecated by all out to be the most effectual nursery our Transatlantic brethren in the norof their future congregations. thern states. In proof of this I will

And here let it be remarked, how transcribe for insertion in your reeffectually it is that Sabbath-evening spectable publication, some particuschools sabserve the prospective ar- lars respecting that lamentable transrangement which we are now contem- action communicated to me in a letter, plating. It requires a much harder dated April 20, and which are unquesstruggle than most are aware of to tionably authentic. The gentleman prevail on grown-up people, who ne- from whom I received thein, and who

VOL. VIl.

EXTENSION OF THE SLAVE TRADE

IN AMERICA.

H

. .

does me the favour to correspond with less heard of the most distressing fire me occasionally, is a minister of high ever known in this country, which character at Dorchester in Massachu- extended its ravages in Savannah, the setts, and in their University of Cam- capital of Georgia. A tender feeling bridge. Adverting to the execrable traf- of compassion for the sufferers called fic in slaves, my friend thus expresses out very liberal contributions for their himself: "The whole subject has lately relief, particularly in the northern passed in review before our Congress, states. In the city of New York, and a long session has been occupied the sum of twelve thousand dollars in its discussion. This has been oc- was immediately subscribed and forcasioned by an application for the ad- warded, with a request that such mission of the Missouri territory as people of colour as were sufferers one of the United States, with the per- might participate in the distribution. mission to hold slaves. It was gene- This gave umbrage to the city-counrally believed that Congress could not cil of Savannah, who sent back the grant such an indulgence; that it money to the donation-committee of would be a violation of the bill of New York, because they considered rights on which our constitution was it as encumbered with a condition founded, as well as of the principles with which they were unwilling to of justice and humanity, and repug- comply. How strange, how passing nant to the very spirit of liberty which strange, that the pride of domination is the pride and boast of a professed over a humbled race of dependents nation of freemet Both in the se- should so operate and prevail, as to nate and congress the question was produce the rejection of a charity in agitated in warm debate, and in some which benevolence, to say nothing of most impressive speeches. All that justice and humanity, had hoped that learning, humanity, a regard to sound they might share! How apparent is policy, and a respect to our free go- it, that the possession of slaves provernment could adduce in favour of duces a hardened, nay cruel, disposirestricting slavery in the State, ex. tion in the master, and renders the hibited with the most powerful and heart insensible to the obligations of impressive eloquence, failed, alas ! of humanity, and even to the claims of effecting their benevolent purpose. compassion and mercy !". Their pleadings fell upon deafened Surely, Mr Editor, it is not too ears,

and moved not hearts indurated much to hope, that these real patriots by selfishness. The bill for the ad- and more enlightened disciples of Him mission of the Missouri into the whose object it was to introduce uniUnion passed the House of Represen- versal righteousness, "peace on earth, tatives without the restrictive clause and good will towards men," although prohibiting slavery, though only by a hitherto unsuccessful, will at length majority of four votes. Against the be enabled effectually to counteract restriction 90-for it 86-so that and suppress the narrow sordid spirit Missouri is permitted to become a of their more southern neighbours, slave-holding state !!" My friend and to convince them that their own goes on to say, “ It is impossible to happiness would eventually be not describe the feelings of surprise and less essentially promoted by the supregret which this decision has occa pression of slavery, than that of those sioned in all the New England States. suffering wretched people who are at The friends of humanity and freedom present its more immediate victims. are palsied with the shock. Not only As I am not at liberty to give the will this be the means of continuing name of my informant, without his and extending the most disgraceful permission, I am constrained, although practice of keeping slaves, but of probably quite unknown to the geopening a new mart for the sale, and nerality of your readers, to sign my thus furnish slave-traders and kid- own. nappers with inducements to procure,

CATHARINÉ CAPPE. per fas aut nefas,' new supplies by York, June 27, 1820. importation.” He then mentions the following fact, almost surpassing * This lady is distinguished, both for belief: In connection with this the intellectual energies and warm benelamentable result is another most volence of her own character, and as being painful occurrence. You have doubt, the widow of a pious and eminent dissent,

THE BYSTANDER.

How apro

this would disappoint my cousin John,

at least it would burden him with No. V.

a widow's jointure, (though, to be One evening lately, feeling myself sure, my life is as good as her's ;) and a little out of humour, I took my hat

of and stick, and sallied forth to drink Macnaughton, my spherical housetea with my old friend Miss F

keeper ; and-truth must out at last

-Miss F Some may imagine that I chose not

is a year older than the fittest time for visiting ; but I myself; and, if ever I do such a fooldid not go for the purpose of indulg- of this ; I must not be more egotic

ish thing as to marry--but enough ing my splenetic inclinations against than necessary. I have not yet men every one whom chance should throw tioned that there reside with my friend in my way,-(as some of

my
married

Miss F two fair nieces, whose acquaintance, who shall be nameless, never fail to do,)—but I went with lively chat I sometimes think contri

butes the honest intention of shaking off,

as much to dissipate my ill-hu

mours as the old stories of their aunt. as speedily as possible, my trouble

I was rather disappointed, on this ocsome and unwelcome visitors, the blue devils.

casion, to find that the young ladies

were dining from home, and their My acquaintance with Miss F. commenced in those happy days when and her daughter, who was, to say

places supplied by an old widow lady we figured away as votaries of Terpsi- the least, un f.eu passée. My entrance chore,—1, arrayed in a scarlet coat, seemed to produce a more agreeable with my bair powdered, and tied in a bag; she, decked out with a yellow sensation here than it did at Mrs damask, embroidered with blue and G, and Mrs G

looked at Mrs

at her daughgreen tulips. We used to be partners in a sort of dance, where the different ter, as much as to say, couples, after having marched for a

pos .!I did not participate in their short while side by side, separated, d-tête well enough now and then, I

pleasure; for, although I like a têteand filed off in opposite directions, and, after having promenaded the

never like to play cavulier seul in a length of the room in solitary sadness, party of ladies, particularly when they were, at last, upon reaching the far

are not very young. Joy is not alther end of it, again united. Soine ways talkative; the

conversation prowhat like this has been the progress

ceeded slowly for a few minutes after through the world of Miss F- and

my entrance; Miss F- arranged myself. We parted in the morning the folds of her gown; and Miss

the tea-cups; Mrs G- arranged of life, and towards evening we have again met, both in nearly the same

Garranged the luxuriant curls circumstances in which we were at

of a fine new head of hair. At length our separation. We have each expe- about whether it would rain or not

we thought of starting a discussion rienced the vicissitudes of fortune, we rain. After a tolerably long debate, have had our allotted portion of joy and grief; but the storms of passion,

we were about to decide in the negaand the gales of hope, are subsided ;

tive, (Mrs (having hinted somethe heavy clouds, and the cheerful

thing about a walk to St Bernard's sunshine, have both passed away, and

Well after tea,) when a heavy shower

coming on, put an end to all argunow, in the calm twilight, we each feel ourselves alone. A friend to whomment on the subject. When tea was I lately made this remark suggested,

finished, Miss F- first informing

Miss G that, to remedy this solitariness, and

that I was very fond of complete the analogy of the dance, music, begged her to favour us with Miss F

a tune. A tune! I shuddered at the and I ought to take each other, for better and worse. But

I was in no humour forDainty Davie," or

“ Duncan Da

vidson.' " Oh !” said Mrs G, ing clergyman, several of whose posthu. mous works she has published, and has

“ what a pity your nieces are not at lately added a very valuable memoir of home, they play so much better! him, from which we propose, hereafter, to However, I am sure Betsy will not present our readers with some instructive refuse to oblige Mr M--- as well as extracts.-Edit.

he can.

She always plays when she

و

name.

is asked, to do her justice, which, in man and his wife, who did not agree my opinion, is the principal beauty in very well ; Miss F- declared it to playing."-" The mother is right," be the gentleman's fault, Miss Gthought I, after I heard the two first loudly maintained it was the lady's. bars of the London March, “her “ After all,” thought I, “ the new willingness is the principal beauty in school is preferable. In the young Miss Betsy's playing !"- - Won't you larlies of the present day we meet with accompany it with your voice, my none of that petty, vulgar, interferdear?” said her mother; and Miss ence with the concerns of others, Betsy began to sing “ Logie o' Bu- which is so tiresome and disgusting.' chan" in a voice which, as somebody Alas! I was soon doomed to change says, I might have heard had we been my opinion ; I was forced to make shut up together in the same band- the same remark on the habits of sobox. This was no salvo for my ill- ciety, that an eminent moral philosohumour; I felt it increasing every pher has lately made on the powers of moment. “ Behold,” said I to my- the human mind, namely, that we self,“ the evils of over-refinement! are apt to be deceived by a new modi. Fifteen years ago I might have listen- fication of a known principle; and ed to this with patience, at least, if that we sometimes consider as a new not with approbation ; but now, when faculty, what is only the same enerthe classical melodies of Haydn and gy differently applied. The ringing Mozart have become, as it were, na- of the door-bell announced the return turalized amongst us, while those of of Miss F -'s fair nieces. “ Thank Winter, Paer, Mayer, and Cimarosa, heaven!” said I internally, are rapidly advancing towards adop- have done with silks, and ribbons, tion ; and, when we hear these melo- and family quarrels. Misses Jane dies sung by our female acquaintance, and Margaret entered. They are girls with voices and science little inferior of good parts; and their understandto those of professors, our taste has ings have been well cultivated ; they become fastidious, and we reject with are accomplished without display, and disdain what we once received readily. well-informed without pedantry. Had Thus it ever is that factitious refine- I been asked, a week ago, what were ments produce in us a loathing of their faults, I should have been at a those pure and simple pleasures- loss how to reply; now, I could anSpite of my ill-humour, I could not swer the question without hesitation. suppress a smile at the absurdity of “ Well, ladies, have you had a pleamy own reasoning. Simple in- sant party?" “ O yes, pleasant edeed,” thought I, as I heard the voice nough. sc Of whom did it consist?" of Miss Betsy following the notes of “Oh!" said Miss Jane, we had, in the piano one after another, as if they the first place, Captain had been so many stepping-stones. I ing, as Edie Ochiltree says, as if he rather think my smile had been ob- durst not look down, for fear he should served by the mother, and favour- see his shoes. I was highly amused ably construed; for, when the music with him; he was at one time twirlhadi ceased, and conversation was re- ing a painted fire-screen, which he „sumed, she chatted with great glee happened to let fall; with an air of and volubility. To do my friend the most perfect insouciance, he sufMiss F- justice, she is not much fered it to remain on the ground, and addicted to-anecdote ; bat to-night continued conversing to the lady next she was forced to suit her con- whom he was standing, without apversation to her visitors ; and we pearing conscious that he had dropped had a great deal of private family it.” Nay," said Margaret, " I history. I happened to make a re- think that may be easily accounted mark on a lady who has been lately for; I suppose the tightness of his married; this produced a dissertation stays did not permit him to come on the dress in which she appeared at within arms-length of the ground.” church. The value of her pelisse was “ Who were the ladies of your parcalculated, and there was something ty?" asked Miss F. “Oh, there said about a pair of French white was Miss, and her cousin Miss boots, then “ such a bonnet! a shower --, who performed the entrée préof rain would make it quite useless." cipitée in finer style than I have ever Then we had the history of a gentle- seen it. When the door was opened

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seem

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plished Miss

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they rushed into the room with the passed ?”. My dear Mr M velocity of a ship launching ; then you are giving me quite a lecture, Í they seized upon poor Mrs and really will have no more of it; I must I verily thought would have shaken go and sing the savageness out of you. her arm off." Then,” said Jane, Come Margaret, I think we must “ we had that solemn piece of furni- give Mr M

Vecchio arrogante. ture Mrs

; one would think there With some such finesse does woman never had been a widow in the world ever stop the discussion, when the arbefore, she looks so grim, and sighs guments against her are too strong so piteously.” “ I declare,” said Mar- be confuted. garet,

“ I think she took that way of Amongst the marked propensities of making love to poor Mr -, who the present age, there is none more lost his wife lately.” “I had almost obvious than a general tendency to forgotten to mention the all-accom- satire. It seems to be universally dif

-,' said Jane, “with fused throughout this kingdom, withher studied unaffectedness and labour- out exception of rank, sex, or age ; ed naïveté; there is a quiet self-im- and although it assumes different portance about that girl, which pro- forms, the spirit is everywhere the vokes me ten times more than the , same; in the little Miss who quizzes most downright pedantry; then she her friend's ball-dress, as in the rerequires to be drawn out; and when viewer who criticises the last new she is drawn out she speaks in such publication. Whether or not satire neat sentences, and rounded periods, is allowable, and if it be, to what exthat I always think she is repeating a tent it may be carried without reprebit of the Spectator."

hension, are questions of some imsaid I angrily, “ is but I portance to the comfort of society. thought it advisable to gulp down a The advocates for duelling maincomparison I was about to make, and tain that it is conducive to the preI quietly added, " a very fine girl.” servation of order and good breeding, • Bless me !" said Jane," I did not and that these being so necessary to know she was an acquaintance of the peace and happiness of social life, yours, or I would not have quizzed duelling is therefore allowable. In her so much.” Nay, Miss Jane,” this, as in some other cases, the resaid I, “ I think it is better you inedy is worse than the disease. There should quiz my acquaintance than are few individuals with whom the those who are strangers to me; in the dislike of their acquaintance, and former case, there is no chance that their consequent bânishment from the absent should be hurt by it, be good society, would not serve as a sufcause my opinion of them is already ficient check to the indulgence of established; in the latter, there is coarse and surly manners; and even some danger of my being prepossessed if the number were greater, it were against them.”

" Come, come, I better that society should be infested know this is a rebuke to me; but af- with some of these nuisances, than ter all, where is the great harm of a that several human creatures should little quizzing ? I am sure no one be every year hurried into the prewas ever the worse of it.' Are you sence of their God, in the very act of quite sure of that? Are you sure, if I disobeying his commands. By a siwere to meet with any of those ladies milar mode of reasoning do satirists to-morrow, whom you have to-night endeavour to defend the severity of been cutting up so unme

mercifully, that their censure. They allege that it I should see them without prejudice ?” imposes a salutary restraint upon the “ But you know I have said nothing conduct of others; that it prevents but what they have deserved ; and if those irregularities and absurdities, it is truth, why, then, you know, those deviations from received and there is no harm in telling you what established principles, of which the you would soon find out yourself.” weak and the self-sufficient are ever “ Do you never change the opinion prone to be guilty. you at first form of a person? Do plausible ; the advantage held out is you not sometimes find out that your considerable; but before we admit judgments have been premature, and the force of the argument, we must do you not sometimes wish to retract examine whether there be not some those scrictures that you have hastily attendant evil, sufficient to counter

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