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Surely, as I have already observed, comets" even in the Dutch speculations of the were bountifully provided by Providence eccentric Knickerbocker, to garnish : for the benefit of philosophers, to assist new edition of his much perused, much" them in manufacturing theories.". pp. abused, and certainly highly meritori." 47-50.

ous work, which has at last, weperceive, After a most learned enumeration called down the wrath of Mr Godwin, of the honours and appellations be- corked up in his phials for so many stowed, by the grateful nations of an- years, in a very thick unreadable-looktiquity, on the great Father of Navi- ing octavo, the look of which has, in gation, whom the Chaldeans honour- truth, been enough for us. But what ed under the appellation of Xisu- delights us most is to think how edified thrus,--the Egyptians as Osiris,--the Mr Pinkerton must feel, when he disIndians as Menu,--the Greeks and covers the notice taken en passant of Romans as Ogyges, -the Thebans as his most satisfactory suppositions, and, Deucalion, and the Chinese as Fohi, above all, when he learns, that his -our author proceeds to unfold the ingenious and truly original device of

why America did not come a bridge of chains or pontoons over so early into the world as the other Behring's Straits, is not found to have quarters of the globe.”

been at all necessary to account for *** Noah, we are told by sundry very

the population of the youngest quar

ter of the globe. While we are on credible historians, becoming sole surviving heir and proprietor of the earth, in fee this part of our author's performance, simple, after the deluge, like a good father,

we must confess, however, that we portioned out his estate among his children. have met with nothing in the course To Shein he gave Asia ; to Ham, Africa ; of our reading for a long time past, and to Japhet, Europe: Now it is a thou- half so pithy, rational, and decisive, sand times to be lamented that he had but as the following argument of that three sons, for had there been a fourth, he bluff old Jesuit, Charlevoix, who, it would doubtless have inherited America; appears, had studied a system of lowhich of course would have been dragged gic astonishingly different from that and thus many a hard working historian taught by the more learned and ore

thodox metaphysicians of modern and philosopher would have been spared a

times, The inhabitants of both prodigious mass of weary conjecture respecting the first discovery and population hemispheres," says the dogmatical fan of this country. Noah, however, having ther,“ are certainly the descendants provided for his three sons, looked in all of the same parent. The common fam probability upon our country as mere wild ther of mankind received an express unsettled land, and said nothing about it; order from heaven to people the and to this unpardonable taciturnity of the world, and accordingly it has been patriarch mày we ascribe the misfortune, peopled. To bring this about, it was That America did not come into the world

necessary to overcome all difficulties as early as

as the other quarters of the globe.” in the way, and they have -also been 54, 55.

overcome. ees The whole of book fourth, chapter With regret we prætermit much first, we uld, with all becoming, interesting matter relative to the voyhuruility and submission, recommend ages of that renowned argonaut Hudto the consideration of Mr Malthus, son, and his good ship the Goede as being well calculated to afford him Vrouw, also to the new right got up some new light regarding the princi- in modern times, and found in some ples of population, and more particu- late editions of Puffendorff, Grotius, larly on that most puzzling problem, and Vattel, called the right of discothe present distribution of men on the very to the bickerings and feuds of face of the earth. We have not for- Tough Breeches and Ten Breeches gotten that this learned and reverend and sundry other particulars illustraauthor is more famous for having tive of the internal adıninistration of concerned himself about feeding and governinent during the most smoking procreation, than about the postdilu- period of the Dutch dynasty. As our vian wanderings of old Noah's paid- limits are narrowing apace, we must off erews; but, at the same time, we content ourselves with one short exhave no manner of doubt, that as the tract, which, we hope, will be read bee extracts honey from every flower, with advantage by some of the stateso Mr Malthus might find somewhat, cobblers among ourselves.

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« But as Peter Stuyvesant had a singu thyself to the vocation for which heaven lar inclination to govern his province with has fitted thee. But," elevating his voice out the assistance of his subjects, he felt until it made the welkin ring, if ever I highly incensed, on his return, to find the catch thee, or any of thy tribe, meddling factious appearance they haul assumed dur- again with affairs of government, by St Niing his absence. His first measure, there. colas, but I'll have every mother's bastard fore, was to restore perfect order, by pro- of ye flea'd alive, and your hides stretched, strating the dignity of the sovereign peo- for drum-heads, that ye may thenceforth ple.

make a noise to some purpose !'" * He accordingly watched his opportu

pp. 434-436. nity, and one evening when the enlightened mob was gathered together, listening to

Here, however unwillingly, we a patriotic speech from an inspired cobler, must stop, and we shall only add, the intrepid Peter all at once appeared a- that, although there has existed, both mong them, with a countenance sufficient in this country and America, a feeling to petrify a millstone. The whole meet- of mutual exasperation, which has ing was thrown into consternation—the been carefully cherished and embitterorator seemed to have received a paralytic ed by the factious of both countries, stroke in the very iniddle of a sublime and which has led to recrimination, sentence, and stood aghast with open and trembling knees, while the words hor. detraction, and calumny,

beyond what ror! tyranny ! liberty rights! taxes ! could have been credited in an age so death : destruction ! and a deluge of other enlightened as the present; yet we are patriotic phrases, came roaring from his delighted to think, that, with the return throat before he had power to close his lips. of peace, more liberal and generous The shrewd Peter took no notice of the sentiments have begun to manifest skulking throng around hiin, but, advanc- themselves, and that the rational and ing to the brawling bully-ruffian, and draw. the intelligent on both sides of the Ating out a huge silver watch, which might lantic are now exerting themselves to have served in times of yore as a town- diffuse a spirit of reciprocal forbearance clock, and which is still retained by his de and good will

, and to prove to the people scendants as a family curiosity, requested that their substantial interests are much the orator to mend it, and set it going. The orator humbly confessed it was utterly out

more closely connected than interestof his power, as he was unacquainted with ed, factious, and venal scribblers had the nature of its construction. * Nay, but," formerly taught them to believe. seid Peter, try your ingenuity, man: you There cannot, indeed, be a prouder see all the springs and wheels, and how testimony to the spirit of national lin easily the clumsiest hand may stop it, and berality, by which this great country pull it to pieces ; and why should it not be is distinguished, than the urlexampled equally easy to regulate as to stop it?' The rapidity of the sale of these American orater declared that his trade was wholly productions; and it is with no slight different--that he was a poor cobbler, and satisfaction that we can lay claim to had never meddled with a watch in bis life have been among the first journalists -- that there were men skilled in the art, in this island who were sensible of whoge business it was to attend to those

their matters; but for his part, he should only great merit, and who, without mar the workmanship, and put the whole hesitation, predicted their success. If in confusion- Why, harkee, master of we had had, room, we should have mine," eried Peter, turning suddenly upon added to our present Number, from him, with a countenance that almost petri. the second volume of the Sketch Book, fied the patcher of shoes into a perfect lap- some of those fine Christmas scenes stone, dost thou pretend to meddle with which naturally at this time attract us, the movements of government to regu. and which are so beautifully

illustralate, and correct, and patch, and cobble, 2 tive of old English manners. We shall, complicated machine, the principles of however, find rooin for them in our which are above thy comprehension, and its simplest operations too subtle for thy next, and they will not then be too

late. The Christmas pye, we rejoice understanding, when thou canst not correct a trifling error in a common piece of me

to believe, lingers on throughout Jachanism, the whole mystery of which is nuary..., At present, we must be satis open to thy inspection ?-Hence with thee fied with merely wishing our readers to the leather and stone, which are enablems. every happiness and blessing of the of thy head ; cobble thy shoes, and confine season !


Northern Expedition.-Lieutenant Parry, names in honour of Major Rennell, Capwho so ably conducted the voyage to the tain Sabine, and others. Polar Sea, has been raised to the rank of Among the curious discoveries made Captain in the Navy. The details of the was an American musk ox, on Melville voyage, so far as have transpired, may be Island, the principal of the groupe of iscomprised in a few words. The Hecla and lands in a cove of which this cnterprising Griper arrived at the entrance of Lancaster navigator wintered in 1819. This animal Sound on the 1st of August 1819, pro- has a large head and shaggy mane, resem. ceeded directly over Captain Ross's chart bling the lion. It was the only one of the of land, and reached the parallel of 740 species seen during the stay of the expediOr 75°, or 114° or 115° west, about 550 tion at that island. A white hare was the miles farther than Captain Ross asserted only small animal which was met with. the Polar Sea to be navigable. In 90° It was found upon another island. Par. they fell in with islands which continued tridges were seen in great numbers, and successively till they reached the extreme the newly discovered islands also aboundwesterly point of one nearly in 115°. ed with florescent plants of different unWinter overtook them here, and they turn- known species. The huts, of which some ed back several degrees, and wintered in vestiges remain, are presumed to have bea snug harbour in five fathoms water. On longed to some Esquimaux, whom chance the breaking up of the ice this season at- or enterprise may have carried into these tempts were made to proceed westerly; inhospitable regions. Numerous dresses, but immense barriers of ice, from the Polar canoes, &c. &c. have also been brought Sea to the northward, precluded all hope over from Baffin's Bay, which are conof succeeding in the parallel of 74°, and structed with astonishing natural genius, before they could return to the eastward, industry, and neatness. and renew the attempt in a lower latitude, We mentioned the only serious casualty the navigable season, which is contined to which befel during the wintering of the August and a few days in September, of- crews in those high latitudes. Neverthefered no reasonable chance of succeeding less the cold was so intense, that the utthis year. The existence of a Polar Sea to most care was necessary to prevent fatal the westward of Hearne's River is now in- consequences. An idea of this may be formcontestibly established, and the existence ed from the fact, that a servant of Capof a north-west 'passage demonstrated, tain Sabine's, on some alarm of fire, ran though perhaps not available for commer. into the air without covering his handit cial purposes. In 90° the compasses were was immediately frost-bitten, and the poor nearly useless. What Captain Ross laid fellow lost three of his fingers. down in liis map as the Croker Mountains, The ships were roofed over during the was found to be an open channel 40 miles winter, and the crews did not, as reported, broad. The cold during the winter was erect huts on shore. Melville's Island was excessive, the thermometer descending to however explored by hunting parties, and 55° below Zero. Beer, wine, and spirits Captain Parry crossed it, and was absent became ice ; the beer was destroyed, but for three weeks together. It is reckoned the wine and spirits were tolerably good about 150 miles long, and from 30 to 40 when thawed. The vessels are entitled to broad. It is also supposed that the whole the L. 5000 reward for having gone to a sea north of the American continent is longitude beyond 1 10° west of Greenwich. broken into islands.

On the north side of Barrow's Sound, A singular phenomenon was observed the voyagers discovered a broad channel, relative to the magnet, which held a variaup which they could not descry any land, tion of 120° west, and only of about 150 though the weather was clear and favour- miles farther, of 120° east, plainly proving, able. To the land bounded on the west that in the course the ship took it had got by this unexplored channel, and on the round the Magnetic Pole. The ice in the south by the Sound, the name of New De- harbour where Captain Parry wintered invon was given. Nearly opposite the chan- creased to about seven feet ; but he found nel, i. e. on the south side of the Sound, the ice westward to be upwards of 40 feet, they met with another broad inlet, (nearly which effectually stopped him, as he had no as broad it seemed as the Sound itself,) on chance of cutting his way through such an which the name of Regent's Inlet was be- immense body, for 500 miles, into Behstowed. The expedition sailed up this in- ring's Straits. let a considerable way. The land opposite Many whales and seals were seen, but to New Devon was denominated New So. no natives, nor any traces of human beings. merset. Other places discovered received The ships were 'out 18 months, having


sailed from Sheerness on the 18th May celebrated Bossuet, and internally enriched 1819.

by numerous marginal notes in his own Captain Parry's. Journal, it is said, in- hand, as verified at the Royal Library. cluding the details of the voyage, will In this valuable mass are to be found rare speedily appear.

editions of the Bible, one 1479, together Banana Tree. There is at present in with many black letter specimens ; a beauthe Botanic Garden at Glasgow, a very fine tiful MS. on the finest vellum ; Saurin, 6 Banana or plantain tree, from the West vols. on extra grand paper, with choice Indies, nearly in full blossom, and is per- impressions of the plates ; Le Jay's Polyhaps the only specimen which has ever glot, large paper, &c. &c. To these may flowered in Scotland. This noble plant be added a copy of Durandi Rationale, is 19 feet high, and the leaves are from 1473, with numerous other early editions five to six feet in length, and two in and illuminated MSS. Among the misbreadth,

cellanies are an edition of Bossuet, large German Literature. The following is a paper, of which only thirteen copies were List of the most distinguished Pocket-books struck off; two sets of Montfaucon and and Almanacks published in GermanySupplement, together with the “ Monar1820:--Frauentaschenbuch, edited by De la chie Française," large paper ; the “ EncyMotte Fouque. Taschenbuch zum geselligen clopedie Methodique,” nearly complete ; Vergnügen, by Frederick Kind. Taschen. a superb copy of the “ Physique Sacré," buch zum geselligen Vergnügen, by J.-F. bound in morocco ; and a choice collection Gleditsch. Frauenzimmer Almanach zum of the writings of Calmet, Fleury, Mabil. Nutzen und Vergnügen, by F. Rochlitz. lon, Duchesne, Grotius, Vossius, Wolfius, Cornelia Taschenbuch für Deutsche Frauen &c. &c. And from the Italian and French Taschenbuch für Damen, published at Tu- imperial presses are some unique articles, bingen, by Cotta. Taschenbuch für Liebe being presentation copies from the authors und Freundschaft, by St Schütze. Pene. to Cardinal Fesch. lope, by Theodore Hell. Urania, the edi- France.-Hydraulic Ram.-M. Godin, tors of this work offer a prize of, we be- of Paris, has invented an hydraulic ram, lieve, 30 ducats, for the best poem offered of a construction so simple, that it may be to them. A poem called Saladdin, the easily worked by any village labourer. work of a very young author, obtained the This invention applies to the watering of prize this year. Minerva. Aglaja. Ver- meadows, to the draining of marshes, spots, gissmeinnicht, by Clauren. Kotzebue's and drawing water out of the earth, and Almanach dramatisicher Spiele. Alpen- raising it to considerable elevations. To rosen. Rheinisches Taschenbuch. Schwä. those who wish to struct the machine bisches Taschenbuch. Die Vorzeit. Tu- on the spot, M. G. transmits instructions gend Almanach. Almanach des Dames. accompanied with engravings, and also a We forbear translating these names, be- small model in relievo, if desired. cause we hope the original will soon be as Antique Statues. A cultivator or farwell known in our country as the title of mer in the commune of Donneniarie, the last, which may be considered as the Seine and Marne, lately found, while at parent of all the others.

work in his field, two antique statues of Cardinal Fesch's Library. The im- bronze about six inches in height, one remense and rare livrary of Cardinal Fesch presenting a Mercury entirely naked, with (uncle of the Emperor Napoleon) has the winged Pegasus on his head, and the been purchased by Messrs Sherwood of other, Fortune, in drapery, with her usual Paternoster Row, and Mr Booker of attributes. He has also found a cock and Bond Street ; the latter of whom is at she goat, both of bronze, and two copper present occupied at Faris in selecting such miniature medals, one representing the portion of the books as is best calculated to Empress Severina, wife of Aurelian, and gratify English collectors. The sole of this the other the head of the Emperor Probus. library is most severely felt by the French Suicides. Of 199 suicides, or attempts literati, who complain that the British na- at suicide, lately in Paris and its environs, tion will ultimately strip their country of within three months, 137 were of men and all that is most precious in art and litera. 62 of women. Of married persons were

Mr Booker's selections of varieties 102, and of those in celibacy 97; as to the will occupy between fifty and sixty cases, ' motives, they have been fixed at bad concomprising a singular ard extensive assort- duct. The lottery and gaming, 28; from ment of early printed works, consisting of the fear of reproach, 6; from domestic curiosities in bibliography, and also a fine chagrines, maladies, disgust of living, 65 ; display of works appertaining to Germany from disappointments, &c. in love, 17; and the North, together with the choicest from wretchedness of circumstances, 47; specimens of divinity, anong which are motives unknown, 36; 146 actual suicides ; duplicates of many of the Fathers, particu- 53 attempts. larly two copies of St Augustin's works, Italy. Education. It appears from a one bearing on its covers the arms of the report made on the 1st of June, by M.



Scovazzo, director, that a school, on the origin and various affinities of the langua. plan of mutual instruction, has been esta, ges of Europe. It appears as a supplement blished, with every prospect of success, at to the comparative dictionary of all lanPalermo, in Sicily. It was opened for 250 guages, that was commenced under the children, the progress has been rapid, and auspices of the Empress Catharine, a work the jury of monitors proves very useful. in which this author was a zealous coadjuSuch is the ardour for this mode of instruc- Its explications shew that many nation, that holidays have been suppressed, tions, now remotely separated, were once and there are no interruptions but the Sun- intimately allied, and they throw a great day, and certain grand festival days. A light on many obscure points of ancient general enthusiasm prevails for the new history. The first volume comprises all method. There has also been a similar the languages of Europe and Asia, and school for about three months, at Messina. some of Africa. The second contains noOthers are to be opened at Trapani, Maza. tices relative to the origin of languages and ra, Agrigento, Syracuse, Termini, &c. and people, extracts from ancient historians no obstacles whatever occur to the dissemi. who have handled the same subject, and a nation of this method throughout Sicily. very curious approximation of fifteen words Even the Jesuits have adopted it in their in two hundred languages. college of Alcamo, and before the expira- Hydrophobia.- Dr L. Spalding, a learntion of two years, there will not be a vil. ed physician of New York, in a pamphlet lage without a school mutual instruc- which he has lately published, announces tion.

the circumstance of a plant, commonly Denmark. Royal Library. The royal called Scull-cap, (the Scutellaria lateria library of Copenhagen contains between flora of Linnæus,) as being a preventive of, 300,000 and 400,000 volumes of printed and cure for, tae hydrophobia, and that it works, and a prodigious number of interest. has been in use as such more than fifty ing MSS. At the sale of the fine library of years. It is described as having never Count Otto Thot, amounting to 116,395 failed of a sanative effect. It is recomvolumes, exclusive of pamphlets, mánu- mended as fitter for use when dried and scripts, and incunabula, the royal library reduced to powder, than when fresh. obtained an accession of 50,000 volumes; The testimony of several American physiand the Count, by his will, had bequeathed cians is superadded to that of Dr Spalding. to it 4154. MSS. with his valuable collec- The name of the person who first used it tion of 6159 works that had been printed is not known, but Messrs Deveer, father before the year 1530. In 1789, the Da- and son, are entitled to the praise of having nish government bought up the library of first introduced it into general practice. Luxdurt, rich in classical works and in Medicine. In the state of New York, MSS. and it was annexed to the royal there is a Medical Society, that in general library. It afterwards received valuable presides over the faculty, and has a correacquisitions at the sale of the libraries of sponding member in every town of the state. Oeder, Holmskiold, Rottbell, Ancher, and The annual meeting is at Albany, the seat others, in 1789, 90, 91, 93, 94, and 98. of government, where three censors are apIn 1796, an accession was made of the im- pointed for each of the four grand medical mense library of Suhm, the historian. He divisions of the union. had collected, in the course of 50 years, The College of Medicine and Surgery 100,000 volumes, which he left to the dis- of the state of New York has delivered this position of the public. A little before his year 37 diplomas of doctors of physic. death, he presented them to the royal li. Turkey. For some time there has been brary; it was not so large, but was a bet- printing at Constantinople, in the patriarter selection and of higher value than that chal press, a grand dictionary of the Greek of Thot. In 1787, previous to these nu- language, ancient and modern, the first merous acquisitions, the royal library con- volume of which has already appeared. tained a very great number of books and It will consist of more than six large voMSS.

lumes in folio. All the Archbishops and European Languages.-M. D'Arndt has many of the Archons of the Phanal, &c. published at Frankfort, a treatise on the are subcribers.



D.D. Lord Bishop of Down, Connor, and A PROSPECTUS has been circulated for Dromore, in 14 volumes octavo; to which printing an uniform edition of the whole will be prefixed a life of the Author, and Works of the Right Rev. Jeremy Taylor, a critical examination of his writings, by

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