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TERMS, &c. 1991 98918.

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RU TIL 2 9909lovitet udt o dtod * The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE and COMPANY, Edinburgh, or LONGMAN and Company, London; to whom also orders for the Werk should be particularly addressed. Fully

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THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

DECEMBER 1820.

JESTIES AND THE ROYAL FAMILY.

LETTERS FROM MRS DELANY TO MRS Dowager of Portland's family, and, on

her death, she was taken under the FRANCES HAMILTON, CONTAINING ANECDOTES OF THEIR LATE MA- protection of the King and Queen of

Great Britain.

We have mentioned the conspicuThe value which we attached to ous nature of her acquirements, and these Letters, on account of the sub- it will be expected that we state in ject to which they chiefly relate, made what they consisted, - a statement, us, as our readers will recollect, avail however, which we must make with ourselves of the extracts front them in the utmost brevity. Besides the usual the Literary Gazette, before we had accomplishments of ladies of rank and an opportunity of perusing an entire liberal education, she excelled in oilcopy. Having now read the book it- painting, and produced many copies self, our favourable impression has and some originals; but she was disbeen so much deepened, as to induce tinguished chiefly by the practice of us to make it the ground-work of an- an art of which she was the inventor. other article in our Miscellany.

This was The numerous and peculiar accom- " the construction of a Flora of a most plishments of the writer of those epis- singular kind, formed by applying, colourtles, which bear so ample a testimony ed papers together, and which might not both to the benevolence of her Royal improperly be called a species of Mosaic benefactors and the gratitude of her work. Being perfectly mistress of her scisown heart, have procured for her a

sors, the plant or flower which she proposmémoir of her life in most of the bio- ed to imitate she cut out; that is, she cut graphical collections published since out its various leaves and parts in such coher death. She was the daughter of and, when she could not meet with a co

loured Chinese paper as suited her subject, Barnard Granville, brother of Lord lour to correspond with the one she wantGranville, the friend of Pope and ed, she dyed her paper to answer 'her Swift. 'I'o oblige her relations, when wishes. She used a black ground, as best only seventeen years of age, she re- calculated to throw out her flower; and luctantly consented to be married to not the least astonishing part of her art Alexander Pendarves, Esq., and re- was, that, though she never employed her tired with him to Cornwall. She soon pencil to trace out the form or shape of her became a widow, and continued nine- plant, yet, when she had applied all the teen years

in that state, when she was pieces which composed it, it hung so loosemarried to Dr Delany, for whom she ly and gracefully, that every one was perhad long entertained a very high es

suaded it must previously have been drawn teem. Her second husband died in The effect was superior to what painting

out and corrected by a most judicious hand. 1768, and, soon after that event, she could have produced ; and so imposing was became an inmate of the Duchess her art, that she would sometimes put a

real leaf of a plant by the side of one of * London, Longman and Co. 1820. her own creation, which the eye could not

Smelt, whose characte the number, Me

detect, even when she herself pointed it and Lady Charlotte Finch, in a coach out The number of plants finished by her Prince William, Prince Edward, Duke of amounted to nine hundred and eighty.", Montague, and Bishop of Lichfield, in a This curious Flora is now in the pos- coach: another coach, full of attendant session of Barnard Dewes, Esq. of gentlemen; amongst Wellsbourn, in Warwickshire.

sets him above The value of Mrs Delany's Letters, most men, and does great honour to the however, does not depend so much on drawn him out of his solitude (the life he

King, who calls him his friend, and has any relation they bear to her as their bad chosen)

to enjoy his conversation every author, as on the delightful view they leisure moment These, with all their atexhibit of the domestic happiness and tendants in rank and file, made a splendid the warm benevolence of their late figure as they drove through the park, and Majesties. Kings and Queens are, by round the court, up to the house. The most of their subjects, viewed at such day was as brilliant as could be wished, the an immense distance in public,—they 12th of August, the Prince of Wales's seem so entirely beset by the ceremo- birth-day. The Queen was in a hat, and nial of state,_and their private life is an Italian night-gown of purple lustring, so completely concealed from observa. trimmed with silver gauze. She is grace. tion,--that we generally imagine them ful and genteel; the dignity and sweetness

of her manner, the perfect propriety of as beings quite different from the peo

every thing she says, or

es, satisfies every ple over whom they rule ; nor can we body she honours with her distinction so dismiss the mysterious awe which the much, that beauty is by no means wanting circumstances of their station inspire, to make her perfectly agreeable ; " and till, by an effort of reflection, we im- though age and long retirement from press on our minds the remembrance court, made me feel timid on my being that they are merely men and wo- called to make my appearance, I soon men." When, therefore, as, in this found myself perfectly at ease'; for the small collection of letters, our atten- King's condescension and good humour. tion is directed to such exalted pers for so respectable a character, (severely

took off all awe, but what one must have sonages in the capacity of husbands and wives, fathers and mothers, friends tried by his enemies at home, as well as

abroad. The three Princesses were all in and neighbours -relations arising not frocks; the King and all the men were in from the arrangements of society, but an uniform, blue and gold. They walked from the order of Nature, we derp- through the great apartments, which are dy sympathize with all that we be- in a line, and attentively observed every hold, and are, withal, consoled to thing; the pictures in particular. I kept think that the true relish of life flows back in the drawing-room, and took that not from the circumstances connected opportunity of sitting down, when Prin. with rank and power, but from the cess Royal returned to 'me, and said the cultivation of affections and the

Queen missed me in the train: I imme. forinance of duties equally within the diately obeyed the summons with my best

reach of all, 'and equally incumbent alacrity: Her Majesty met'me half-way, upon the highest and the lowest in to me, though I desired you to come, I

and seeing me hasten my steps, called out society. Mrs Delany, in her Letters, did not desire you to run and fatigue your, bas given 4 us a fine counterpart to self.' They all returned to the great drawBurns's " Cotter's Saturday Night.” 'ing-room, where there were only two arm

The first letter in the collection is ed chairs placed in the middle of the room dated the 28th of June 1779, from for the King and Queen. —The King'pla. 4 Bulstrode, the residence of the Duch- ced the Duchess Dowager of Portland in * 1 ess Dowager of Portland, and is chief- his chair, and walked about admiring the 2. - ly taken up with the description

of a cd--all prepared in a long gallery that rims

beauties of the place. Breakfast was offerRoyal visit, ant of an evening spent the length of the great apartments, (a at Windsor Castle.

suite of eight rooms and three closets.) up to The Royal Family (ten in all) came at The King and all his royal children, and wi, twelve o'clock. The King drove the Queen the rest of the train, chose to go to the in an open chaise, with a pair of white hor- gallery, 'where the well-furnished tables

The Prince of Wales and Prince Fre- were set : one with tea, coffee, and choco.

rode on horseback, all with proper late ; another with their proper accompa. attendants, but no guards. Princess Royal niments of eatables, rolls, cakes, &c.; and Lady Weymouth, in a post-çbaise ; another table with fruits and ices in the Princess Augusta, Princess Elizabeth, utmost perfection ; which, with a magical Privce Adolphus, (about seven years old,) touch, had succeeded a cold repast. The

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Queen remained in the drawing-room : I where were all the Princesses and youngest stood at the back of her chair, which hap: Princes, with their attendant ladies and pening to be one of my working, gave the gentlemen. We passed on to the bed Queen an opportunity of saying many flat. chamber, where the Queen stood in the tering and obliging things. The Duchess middle of the room, with Lady Weymouth Dowager of Portland brought her Majesty and Lady Charlotte Finch. I (The King a dish of tea on a waiter, with biscuits, and the eldest Princeś had walked out.) which was what she chose ; after she had When the Queen took her seat, and the drank her tea, she would not return the ladies their places, she ordered a chair to cup to the Duchess, but got up and would be set for me opposite to where she sat, carry it into the gallery herself, and was and asked me if I felt any wind from the much pleased to see with what elegance door or window ?-It was indeed a sultry every thing was prepared ; no servants but day. those out of livery, made their appearance. * At eight the King, &c. came into the The gay and pleasant appearance they all room, with so much cheerfulness and good made, and the satisfaction all expressed, humour, that it was impossible to feel any rewarded the attention and politeness of painful restriction. It was the hour of the the Duchess of Portland, who is never so King and Queen and eleven of the Princes happy as when she gratifies those she and Princesses' walking on the terrace. esteeins worthy of her attention and fa- They apologised for going, but said the

The young royals seemed quite crowd expected them; but they left Lady happy, from the eldest to the youngest, Weymouth and the Bishop of Lichfield to and to inherit the gracious manners of their entertain us in their absence: we sat in parents. I cannot enter upon their parti. the bay-window, well pleased with our cular address to me, which not only did companions, and the brilliant show on the me honour, but showed their humane and terrace, on which we looked, the band of benevolent respect for old age.

music playing all the time under the win0,46 The King desired me to show the dow. When they returned we were sumQueen one of my books of, plants : she moned into the next room to tea, and the seated herself in the gallery ; a table and Royals began a ball, and danced two counthe book laid before her. I kept my dis- try dances, to the music of French horns, tance till she called me to ask some ques. bassoons, and hautboys, which were the tions about the mosaic paper work; and samé that played on the terrace. The as I stood before her Majesty, the King set King came up to the Prince of Wales, apd à chair behind me. I turned with some said he was sure, when he considered how confusion and hesitation, on receiving so great an effort it must be to play that kind great an honour, when the Queen said, of music so long a time together, that he

Mrs Delany, sit down, sit down : it is would not continue their dancing there, not every lady that has a chair brought her but that the Queen and the rest of the by a King;' so I obeyed. Amongst many company were going to the Queen's house, gracious things, the Queen asked me why and they should renew their dancing there, I was not with the Duchess when she and have proper music.' '31 came; for I might be sure she would ask

“ I can say no more I cannot describe |- for me? I was flattered, though I knew the gay, the polished appearance of the

to whom I was obliged for the distinction, Queen's house, furnished with English (and doubly flattered by that.) I acknow. manufacture. The Prince of Wales danledged it in as few words as possible, and ces a minuet better than any oue I have said I was particularly happy at that time seen for many years ; but what would to pay my duty to her Majesty, as it gave please you more, could I do it justice, is me an opportunity of seeing 80 many of the good sense and engaging

address of one the Royal Family, which age and obscu. and all.” pp. 2–10. rity had deprived nie of.

i Oh but, says her Majesty, you have not seen all my

We shall not spoil the impression children yet upon which the King came these lovely scenes are fitted to make up and asked what we were talking about? on every unsophisticated or not uttere which was repeated, and the King replied ly abandoned heart by any remarks to the Queen, : You may put Mrs Delany of ours, but shall proceed to enhance into the way of doing that, by naming a a the delight already imparted, by adday for her to drink tea at Windsor Castle, «lucing some additional proofs of the The Duchess of Portland was consulted, and the next day fixed upon, as the Duch- truly amiable character of the late

Queen. ess had appointed the end of the week for going to Weymouth..

" And now, 'as I know you take plea6. We went at the hour appointed, seven sure in' what gives me pleasure, and does o'clock, and were received in the lower pri. me honour, I must tell you of our ami. vate apartment at the Castle: went through able, gracious Queen's politeness,

and I a large, rooin with great bay-windows, may presume to add, kindness to me. She

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was told I had wished for a lock of her Queen, but the Duchess Dowager pf Port.

hair, she sent me one with her own royal land she graciously made me șit down fingers : she heard, (for she was not asked just before her, and a three hours' converfor either,) that I wished to have one of sation confirmed all I have already said.”. Mrs Port's boys in the Charter: house, and pp. 13–16. she gave her commands that one of my

In a subsequent letter we have an little nephews should be set down in her list : you will easily believe I was anxious account of another visit which the to make, my proper acknowledgments,

Queen, accompanied by the Princess and under some difficulty how to do it, as Royal and the Princess Augusta, paid I am unable to pay my duty in the draw. to the Dachess Dowager of Portland, ing-room. Fortunately an agreeable op- to wish her joy on the marriage of portunity came in my way,

her 6 Last Saturday, the 1 lth of this month, about one o'clock, as I was sitting at work o'cloek, and caught me at my spinning.

“The Queen, &c came about twelve at my paper mosaic, in my working dress, wheel, (the work I am now reduced to,) and all my papers littered about me, the and made me spin on, and give her a les Duchess Dowager of Portland very intent son afterwards; and, I must say, did it at another table, making a catalogue to a tolerably well for a Queen. She staid till huge folio of portrait prints, her Grace's three o'clock; and now I

suppose groom of the chambers announced the al visits are over for this year. p. 18. A Queen and Princess Royal, who were just driven into the court: I retired to change

The Duchess and Mrs Delany met my dress, and wait for a summons, should the Royal party one morning at Gars her Majesty send me her commands. The rat's Cross, near Bulstrode, to witness Duchess kept her station to receive her a stag hunt. The King came with a royal visitors, and I was soon sent for, message from the Queen to the Duwhich gave me the opportunity I so much chess of Portland, to say, Her Mahad wished, and my acknowledgnients jesty would see her safe back to Bul were most graciously accepted. The Queen strode, and breakfast with her Grace. staid till past three, and left us (though no strangers to her excellencies) in admiration 4. The Duchess of Portland returned of her good sense, affability blended with home, in order to be ready to receive the dignity, and her entertaining conversation. Queen, who immediately followed before So much propriety, 60 excellent a heart, we could pull off our bonnets and cloaks such true religious principles, gave a lustre We received her Majesty and the Prins to her, royalty that crowns and sceptres cesses on the steps at the door. She is 50 cannot bestowo tell you, my dear Ma- condescending and gracious, that she makes dam, these particulars, that you may pat- every thing perfectly easy. 1. We got home take of that adıiration which I know your a quarter before- eleven o'clock; her Magood heart will feel and enjoy. At the jesty staid till two. In her return back to moment you are struck with her superi- Windsor," she met the chace, and was at ority, you love her as a friend which is the taking of the stag; they would not let very rare i though I have long experienced the dogs kill him. 01. uls ts by any that happy union, it the person for whose *On Wednesday the Duchess of Porta should make you an apology for saying so thanks for the honour she had done her much of au Queen, &c. who prefer virtue we were to set out early. I dressed my to rank; but here, I present you with head for the day before breakfast, when a both , But in the midst of my raptures, 1 letter arrived from Miss Hamilton, from have omitted the agreeable sequel; which the Queen's Lodge; to me, with a message was, our going to the Queen's Lodge to from the King to desire we would not had been here; which we did after churcba" as he could not be at home till then. Aca

eight o'clock, inquire after her Majesty the day after she come till Thursday evening, time. Windsor ist but eight miles from cordingly we went; were there at the aphence: ji set the Duchess of Portland down pointed hour. The King and Queen and at the Queen's Lodge, and went on in her the Princesses received us in the drawing chaise to Mrs Walsingham, in the Castle, room, to which we went through the cona sincere admirer of Lady Drogheda, and cert-room, Princess Mary took me by the who desired me to convey her best com- ' left hand, Princess Sophia and the sweet pliments, which I put into your hands. I little Prince Octavius took me by the right had not been ten minutes there, when your hand, and led me after the Duchess of very ingenious and agreeable cousin, Miss Portland into the drawing-room. The King Hamilton, to whom I am greatly obliged,) nodded and smiled upon my little con came in all haste from the Queen, to bring ductors, and bid them lead me up to the me into her prescnce ; a command I wila Queen, who stood in the middle of the lingly obeyed. Nobody was with the room. When we were all seated, (for the

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