ried many off the stage,) of such a will be obliged to'bury bim in my own nature and manner, that our old phy: yard. We went, and there were sicians had never seen the like, and eight of us had two miles to carry could make no help; for all things the corpse of that young man, many that used to be proper remedies prov- neighbours looking on us, but none ed destructive: And this was not to to help us. I was credibly informed, be imputed to bad unwholesome vic- that in the north, two sisters on a tual; for severals, who had plenty of Monday's morning were found carryold victuals, did send to Glasgow for ing the corpse of their brother on a Irish meal, and yet were smitten with barrow with bearing ropes, resting fluxes and fevers in a more violent themselves many times, and none and infectious nature and manner offering to help them. than the poorest in the land, whose I have seen some walking about the names and places where they dwelt I sun setting, and to-morrow, about six could instance.

o'clock in the summer morning, These unheard of manifold judg. found dead in their houses, without ments continued seven years not al- making any stir at their death, their ways alike, but the seasons, summer head lying upon their hand, with as and winter, so cold and barren, and great a smell as if they had been four the wonted heat of the sun so much days dead, the mice or rats having withholden, that it was discernible eaten a great part of their hands and upon the cattle, flying fowls and in- arms. sects decaying, that seldom a fly or Many had cleanness of teeth in our gleg was to be seen : Our harvest not cities, and want of bread in our borin the ordinary months; many shear- ders; and to some the staff of bread ing in November and December, yea was so utterly broken, (which makes some in January and February ; the complete famine,) that they did eat, names of the places I can instruct; and were neither satisfied nor nouMany contracting their deaths, and rished; and some of them said to me, losing use of their feet and hands, that they could mind nothing but shearing and working amongst it in meat, and were nothing bettered by frost and snow: And after all some it; and that they were utterly unconof it standing still, and rotting on the cerned about their souls, whether they ground, and much of it for little use went to heaven or hell. neither to man or beast, and which The nearer and sorer these plagues had no taste or colour of meal.

seized, the sadder were their effects, Meal became so scarce, that it was that took away all natural and relative at two shillings a peck, and many affections, so that husbands had no could not get it. It was not then sympathy with their wives, nor wives with many, where will we get silver with their husbands, parents with But, where will we get meal for sil- their children, nor children with their ver? I have seen when meal was all parents. These and other things have sold in markets, women clapping their made me to doubt if ever any of Ahands, and tearing the clothes off dam's race were in a more deplorable their heads, crying, Hou shall we go condition, their bodies and spirits home and see our children die in hun- more low, than many were in these ger? they have got no meat these two years. days, and we have nothing to give The crowning plague of all these them.

great and manitold plagues was, many Through the long continuance of were cast down, but few humbled"; these manifold judgments, deaths and great mourning, many groaning, un burials were so many and common, der the effects of wrath, but few had that the living were wearied in the sight or sense of the causes of wrath, burying of the dead. I have seen in turning to the Lord. And, as soon corpses drawn in sleds, many neither as these judgments were removed, got coffin nor winding-sheet. I was many were lift up, but few thankful; one of four who carried the corpse of even those who were as low as any a young woman a mile of way; and that outlived these scarce times, did when we came to the grave, an honest as lightly esteem bread as if they had 'poor man came and said, You must never known the worth of it but the go and help me to bury my son, he is want of it. The great part turned lain dead these two days, otherwise 1 more and more gospel proof, and judge


ment proof, and the success of the Laird said, Poor conscionable things ! gospel took a stand at that time in go your way, I have nothing to soy to many places of the land.

you. One of them got service, and the King William his kindness is not to other died in want; it was her burial I be forgotten, who not only relieved us mentioned before, who was carried by from tyranny, but had such a syin- us four. But lo, in a very few years, pathy with Scotland, that they might he and his were begging from door do it custom free, and have twenty to door, whom I have served at my pence of each boll.

door, and to whom I said, Who should I cannot pass this occasion of giv- have pity and sympathy with you, who ing remarks upon some observable kept your victual spoiling, waiting for providences that followed these strange a greater price, and would spare now judgments, upon persons who dwelt thing of your fulness to the poor;

and in low-lying fertile places, who laid was so cruel to the two starving lasses, themselves out to raise markets when that you took prisoners for four stocks at such a height, and had little sym- of kail to save their lives, ye may read paihy with the poor; or those who your sin in your judgment, if ye be lived in cold muirish places, who not blind in the eyes of your soul, as thought those who lived in these fer- ye are of one in your body, and may tile places had a little heaven. But be a warning to all that come after soon thereafter their little heavens you. Many yet alive in that country were turned into little hells by unex- side can witness the truth of all these pected providences. Some wrote six- strange things. teen remarks upon that terrible fire which fell out on the ed or 3d February 1700, in the Parliament Close in Edinburgh; one was, that it was most of those people who dwelt there MR EDITOR, were rich, and lived sumptuously, and I Have seen several very beautiful had little sympathy with the distress- translations from different Italian ed case of the land ; that their fine poets in your Magazine, and I now houses, which were eleven years in take the liberty of sending you a building, were, in a few hours, turn- Canzone of Tasso, which is in a very ed to a burnt ruinous heap. But, different tone from any other which I more especially, there was a farmer in have read in Italian. "It is translated the parish of West Calder, (in which from one of the “ Rime Amorose," parish 300 of 900 examinable persons beginning " Questa ch' al cieco volgo died,) who at that time was reckoned tanto s'apprezza.” The poet seems worth 6000 merks of money and to have been labouring under the gools, that had very little to spare to pangs of jealousy when he wrote this the poor ; the victual lay spoiling in amorous Canzone, and he indulges in his house and yard, waiting for a a strain of the bitterest abuse against greater price ; and two honest servant beauty. I have done all I could to lasses, whose names were Nisbets, he preserve the spirit of the original, and ing cast out of service, (for every one at the same time to give the author's could not have it; many said, they meaning as literally as possible. I got too much wages that got meat for am, Sir, your most obedient servant, work,) these two lasses would not

S. steal, and they were ashamed to beg. Edinburgh, 30th June 1820. They crept into an empty house, and sat there, wanting meat until their sight was almost gone; and then they This which the vulgar crowd so highly went about a mile of way to that far- prize, mer's yard, and cut four stocks of Woman's sole pleasure and her only care, kail to save their lives. He found Beautyfrail plant that, long ere sunset, them, and drove them before him to Iš nature's foulest stain—no jewel rare

dies, the Laird of Bawd, who was a justice Ah! wretched he whose love no deeper of peace, that he might get them pu

lies nished. The Laird inquired what Than face that's beauteous, or than form moved them to go by so many yards, that's fair, and go to his? They said, These in As soon within his breast skall pleasure their way were in straits themselves, dwell, and he might best spare them. The As rapture reign within the gates of hell.


As in a meadow amid flowerets gay,

DANTE'S LETTER. Oft lurks the wily snake with poisonous breath,

FATHER! with reverence and with love I As in a vase that jewels rich inlay,

greet Is hid the direful draught whose taste is Your letters, in the which I feel how well death,

Your heart fill'd with me and the de As oft the apple fair is gnawed away,

sire By putrid worm that lurketh underneath, Of my return to Florence. You have bound So evil thoughts, and works, and wishes My gratitude the more unto yourself, vile,

For that an exile rarely finds a friend. Oft lurk unseen 'neath beauty's brightest I have thought much. My answer will smile.

not serve Where beauty shines there kindness dis. To feed the meannesses of little minds

But on your naked judgment I abide. appears,

Kinsmen have written me and I have Compassion, modesty, and virtue fly,

heard She, as her fitting garments, ever wears A haughty pride, and cold demeanour From the quick lips of bitter friends, as

much, high : The flowers, of every virtue that endears,

That by a law touching men's banishment, Beneath her poisonous shadow droop and "Tis well—but in my pathway thorns are

return to Florence once again. die.

laid. She is a monster of unnatural birth,

First must bribe my freedom-then Scourge of the heavens with which they

must I lash the earth.

In cold humiliation bend and beg E’en as an unripe nut or apple green,

For absolution, and endure church shame. Better than that which ripens on the These are hard terms; oh ! full of insult, branch,

these! Will suit for pickling, and is good and Your letters, father, speak of no such clean,

things. When that is filthy, and emits foul stench, Is such permission glorious to Dante --So, in his honeyed nectar, Love, I ween,

Who hath not seen sweet Florence many a Preserves much better some ill favoured wench,

Is this the recompence for virtuous days, (Most bitter in herself, God knows !) than which the world owns ;—for stern labori

ous nights Who looks without as lovely as the sun.

Of dismal study ?-Ever from the man,

Whom loves Philosophy, be that poor Then let my love be ugly as the night,

heart; With crooked nose o'ershadowing her chin, That could of other's infamy make mock, Her mouth all black and hideous to the And offer up itself in coward chains. sight,

Far from the man, who unto justice cries And large enough to hold a pint within ; With voice aloud, be such base comproHer chance-set eyes of a dull silvery white,

mise ! Her few long tusks of ebon streaked with No-father-by this way back to my green,

country And let her tangled hair

Tread shall I never. But ah, with wingFloat in thick clusters down her crooked

ed steps, back.

Steps winged with joy, I shall return So shall I, safe from every rival's power,

again, Escape the racking pains of jealousy,

If you can open unto me a path Nor fear-though on some wished for pa

Where honour and fame and Dante may

together She turn the leer of an inviting eye,

Pass. But if no such way lead me to I shall not call her haughty, proud, or


Then Florence never shall I enter more.! sour, Perverse and heedless of my every sigh,

Out in the world I stay_and shall I not: So shall she live and love for me alone,

Everywhere see the sun-the stars shine I shall be wholly hers--she all my own!.



greasy black

Steps wingelser



They are not hidden from an exiled man.
And in the farthest earth, I may behold
Truth--and adore it :--sweet and sooth-

ing truth !

See the Edinburgh Review--Art. Dante.

Vol. VII.






For these I need not prostitute my fame, of the actual interest which they have Nor stoop inglorious to the men of Flo- in it. This is not so with their de

mand for food or raiment, or any arIn my own heart I'll look at Italy. ticle which ministers to the necessiBread I hope will not fail me.

ties of our physical nature. The more destitute we are of these arti, cles, the greater is our desire after

them. In every case, where the LIGHT SCENE, FROM THE

want of any thing serves to whet our ABOVE GREENOCK.

appetite, instead of weakening it, the The moonbeam play'd on Strona's rill, supply of that thing may be left, with

Whose waters kiss'd its banks of green; all safety, to the native and powerful The breeze blew softly o'er the hill, demand for it, among the people Where waving fields and flowers were themselves. The sensation of hunseen,

ger is a sufficient guarantee for there And Clutha, like a silver lake,

being as many bakers in a country, as Reflected back its blaze of light;

it is good and necessary for the counThe echoing whispers from the brake, Stole sweetly on the hum of night.

try to have, without any national esta

blishment of bakers. This order of The lovely flowers which wildly grow,

men will come forth, in number Were glancing with the dews of night; The little lambs, like wreathes of snow,

enough, at the mere bidding of the Were sleeping on the mountain's height. people; and it never can be for want Though night's pale curtain hung on high, under the want of aliment for the

of them, that society will languish And dinness wrapt the distant view, The stars gave lustre to the sky

human body. It is wise in governBen Lomond's top look cloudlessment to leave the care of the public through.

good, wherever it can be left safely, The Highland shores were dark and dun,

to the workings of individual nature; The sky above was living gold,

and, saving for the administration of The radiance of the distant sun

justice between man and man, it were Which now o'er Indian mountains rolld; better that she never put out her

hand either with a view to regulate The dark blue hills like barriers stood, Between eternity and time ;

or to foster any of the operations of The distant windings of the flood

common merchandise. Roll'd their dark waves from clime to But the case is widely different, clime.

when the appetite for any good is Mine eye, 'twas fix’d—my mind, 'twas free, short of the degree in which that Its Right creation could not bound !

good is useful or necessary; and, aIt linger'd midst eternity

bove all, when just in proportion to And gaz'd on worlds revolving round. our want of it, is the decay of our apIt mark'd the glory of the night,

petite towards it. Now this is, geneOn earth--on ocean-07 the sky :

rally speaking, the case with religious And midst its revels of delight,

instruction. The less we have of it, I heard it whisper" they must die.”

the less we desire to have of it. It But while I lingering mus'd—night filed,

is not with the aliment of the soul, as

it is with the aliment of the body. The moon grew dim-no stars

The latter will be sought after; the The sun in glory rais'd his head,

former must be offered to a people, And Clutha's banks again were green. whose spiritual appetite is in a state

D. of dormancy, and with whom it is

just as necessary to create a hunger,

as it is to minister a positive supply. CHALMERS's In these circumstances, it were vain

to wait for any original movement on

the part of the receivers. It must be CIVIC ECONOMY OF LARGE

made on the part of the dispensers.

Nor does it follow, that because goIt is perhaps the best among all vernment may wisely abandon to the our more general arguments for a re- operation of the principle of demand ligious establishment in a country, and supply, all those interests, where that the spontaneous demand of hu- the desires of our nature, and the neman beings for religion is far short cessities of our nature, are adequate






the one to the other, she ought, parochial establishments will stand, therefore, to abandon all care of our so as that churches shall be kept in interest, when the desire, on the part repair, and ministere, in constant sucof our species, is but rare, and feeble, cession, shall be provided for them. and inoperative, while the necessity is At the same time, we hope that no of such a deep and awful character, restriction whatever will be laid on that there is not one of the concerns the real and exertion of dissenters; of earthliness which ought, for a mo- and that any legal disability, under ment, to be compared with it. which they still labour, will, at length,

This we hold to be the chief ground be done away. The truth is, that we upon which to plead for the advan- know not a better remedy against the tage of a religious establishment. temporary and incidental evils of an With it, a church is built, and a teach- establishment, than a free, entire, and er is provided, in every little district unexcepted toleration ; nor how an of the land. Without it, we should endowed church can be more effechave no other security for the rearing tually preserved, either from stagnaof such an apparatus, than the native tion or decay, than by being ever stidesire and demand of the people formulated and kept on the alert, through Christianity, from one generation to the talent, and energy, and even ocanother. In this state of things, we casional malignity and injustice of fear, that Christian cultivation would private adventurers. Still, however, only be found in rare and occasional such is our impression of the overspots over the face of extended terri- whelming superiority of good done by tories; and instead of that uniform an establishment, that, in addition to distribution of the word and ordi- the direct Christian influence which nances, which it is the tendency of an it causes to descend upon the country, establishment to secure, do we con- from its own ministers, we regard it ceive that in every empire of Christen- as the instrument of having turned dom, would there be dreary, unpro- the country into a fitter and more previded blanks, where no regular sup; pared field, for the reception of a ply of instruction was to be had, and Christian influence from any other where there was no desire after it, on quarter. Insoinuch, that had the the part of an untaught and neglected period of the reformation from Popery, population.

in Britain, been also the period for We are quite aware, that a pulpit the overthrow and cessation of all remay be corruptly filled, and that there ligious establishments whatever, we may be made to emanate from it, the apprehend that there would not only evil influence of a false or mitigated have been no attendance of people Christianity on its surrounding neigh- upon churches, but a smaller attendbourhood. This is an argument, not ance of people upon meeting-houses, against the good of an establishment, than there is at this moment. They but for the good of toleration. There are our establishments, in fact, which is no frame-work reared by human have nourished and upheld the taste wisdom, which is proof against the of the population for Christianity ; frequent incursions of human depra- and when that taste is accidentally vity. But if there do exist a great offended, they are our establishments moral incapacity on the part of our which recruit the dissenting places of species, in virtue of which, if the les- worship with such numbers as they sons of Christianity be not constantly never would have gotten out of that obtruded upon them, they are sure native mass which had been previousto decline in taste and in desire for ly unwrought, and previously unenthe lessons of Christianity; and if an tered on. establishment be a good device for In order that men may become overcoming this evil tendency of our Christians, there must either be an nature, it were hard to visit, with the obtruding of Christianity on the nomischief of its overthrow, the future tice of the people, or the people must race either of a parish or of a country, be waited for, till they move themfor the guilt of one incumbency, or selves in quest of Christianity. We for the unprincipled patronage of one apprehend that the former, or what generation. We trust, therefore, in nay be called the aggressive way of the face of every corruption which it, is the most effectual. Nature does has been alleged against them, that our not go forth in search of Christianity,


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