is gone.

Yet may a lightning glance at times be And sighing winds, that murmur thro' seen,

the wood, Of fiery passions, darting o'er his face, Fringing the beach of that Hesperian flood. And fierce the spirit kindling in his eye, But e'en while yet we gaze, its quick, wild Fair is that house of solitude—and fair flashes die.

The green Maremma, far around it spread,

A sun-bright waste of beauty-yet an air And calmly can Pietra smile, concealing Of brooding sadness o'er the scene is shed, As if forgotten, vengeance, hate, remorse ; No human footstep tracks the lone domain, And veil the workings of each darker feel. The desert of luxuriance glows in vain.

ing, Deep in his soul concentrating its force :

And silent are the marble halls that rise But yet, he loves--Oh! who hath loved, 'Mid founts, and cypress-walks, and olivenor known

groves ; Affection's power exalt the bosom all its All sleeps in sunshine, 'neath Cerulean own?


And still around the sea-breeze lightly The days roll on-and still Bianca's lot

roves ; Seems as a path of Eden-Thou mightst Yet every trace of man reveals alone, deem

That there life once hath flourished and That grief, the mighty chastener, had for

got To wake her soul from life's enchanted There, till around them slowly, softly steal. dream;

ing And, if her brow a moment's sadness wear, The summer air, deceit in every sigh, It sheds but grace more intellectual there. Came fraught with death, its power no sign

revealing, A few short years, and all is changed-her Thy sires, Pietra, dwelt, in days gone by ; fate

And strains of mirth and melody have Seems with some deep mysterious cloud

flowed, o'ercast.

Where stands, all voiceless now, the still -Have jealous doubts transformed to

abode. wrath and hate, The love whose glow Expression's power And thither doth her Lord, remorseless, surpassed ?

bear Lo! on Pietra's brow a sullen gloom

Bianca with her child-his altered eye Is gathering day by day, prophetic of her

And brow a stern and fearful calmness doom.

wear, Oh! can he meet that eye, of light serene,

While his dark spirit seals their doom

to die; Whence the pure spirit looks in radiance forth,

And the deep bodings of his victim's

heart, And view that bright intelligence of mien, Formed to express but thoughts of lofuiest Tell her, from fruitless hope at once to worth,

part. Yet deem that vice within that heart can reign ?

It is the summer's glorious prime and -How shall he e'er confide in aught on

blending earth again?

Its blue transparence with the skies, the

deep, In silence oft, with strange, vindictive gaze, Each tint of Heaven upon its breast deTransient, yet filled with meaning stern scending, and wild,

Scarce murmurs as it heaves, in glassy Her features, calm in beauty, he surveys, sleep, Then turns away, and fixes on her child And on its wave reflects, more softly So dark a glance, as thrills a mother's bright, mind

That lovely shore of solitude and light. With some vague fear, scarce owned, and undefined.

Fragrance in each warm southern gale is

breathing, There stands a lonely dwelling, by the Decked with young flowers the rich Ma

remma glows, Of the blue deep which bathes Italia's Neglected vines the trees are wildly wreath. shore,

ing, Far from all sounds, but rippling seas, And the fresh myrtle in exuberance blows, that lave

And far around, a deep and sunny bloom Grey rocks, with foliage richly shadowed Mantles the scene, as garlands robe the o'er ;



Yes ! 'tis thy tomb, Bianca ! fairest flower! But ask not-hope not-one relenting The voice that calls thee speaks in every thought gale,

From him who doomed thee thus to waste Which, o'er thee breathing with insidious

away, power,

Whose heart, with sullen, speechless venBids the young roses of thy cheek turn

geance fraught, pale,

Broods in dark triumph o'er thy slow deAnd, fatal in its softness, day by day,

cay, Steals from that eye some trembling spark And coldly, sternly, silently can trace away.

The gradual withering of each youthful But sink not yet—for there are darker grace.

woes, Daughter of Beauty ! in thy spring-morn And yet the day of vain remorse shall fading,

come, Sufferings more keen for thee reserved than When thou, bright victim ! on his dreams those

slialt rise Of lingering Death, which thus thine eye As an accusing angel-and thy tomb, are shading!

A martyr's shrine,

be hallowed in his eyes ! Nerve then thy heart to meet that bitter Then shall thine innocence his bosom lot,

wring, 'Tis Agony—but soon to be forgot !

More than thy fancied guilt with jealous

pangs could sting. What deeper pangs maternal hearts can

wring, Than hourly to behold the spoiler's breath Lift thy meek eyes to Heaven-for all on Shedding, as mildews on the bloom of earth, spring,

Young sufferer! fades before thee-Thou O'er Infancy's fair cheek the blight of art loneDeath ?

Hope, Fortune, Love, smiled brightly on To gaze and shrink, as gathering shades thy birth, o'ercast

Thine hour of death is all Affliction's own ! The pale smooth brow, yet watch it, to the It is our task to suffer and our fate last !

To learn that mighty lesson, soon or late. Such pangs were thine, young mother ! - The season's glory fades—the vintage-lay

Thou didst bend O'er thy fair boy, and raise his drooping But mortal loveliness hath passed away,

Through joyous Italy resounds no more; head,

Fairer than aught in summer's glowing And faint and hopeless, far from every

store. friend,

Beauty and youth are gone-behold them Keep thy sad midnight-vigils near his bed,

such And watch his patient, supplicating eye, As Death hath made them with his blightFixed upon thee-on thee!--who couldst

ing touch! no aid supply ! There was no voice to cheer thy lonely

The summer's breath came o'er them--and

they died ! Through those dark hours to thee the Softly it came, to give luxuriance birth, wind's low sigh,

Called forth young Nature in her festa) And the faint murmur of the ocean's low, But bore to them their summons from the

pride, Came like some spirit whispering" He

earth! must die !” And thou didst vainly clasp him to the Again shall blow that mild, delicious breast

breeze, His young and sunny smile so oft with And wake to life and light all flowers but

these. Hope had blest. 'Tis past that fearful trial —he is gone No sculptured urn, nor verse thy virtues But thou, sad mourner ! hast not long to telling, weep,

O lost and loveliest one ! adorns thy grave, The hour of Nature's chartered peace comes But o'er that humble cypress-shaded dwelon,


ling And thou shalt share thine infant's holy The dew-drops glisten, and the wild-flowers

sleep. A few short sufferings yet-and Death Emblems more meet, in transient light and shall be

bloom, As a bright messenger from Heaven to For thee, who thus didst pass in brightness thee.

to the tomb !





Whitefield's preaching, though he delivered the same doctrines as Wes

ley, and with greater vehemence of Concluded from Page 298.)

But as soon as Wesley be

gan, after his return from Bristol, the DIFFERENCE of opinion had occa- symptoms re-appeared with their usual sioned disputation and dissension a- violence. At Wapping, the second mong the brethren of Fetter-Lane day after his arrival, while “ weary during Wesley's absence at Bristol. in body and weak in spirit,” he preachOne Shaw, a layman, insisted that a ed from a text which turned up by priesthood was an unnecesary and un- chance. scriptural institution. Such a teacher found ready believers; and the prot heard began to call upon God with strong

Many,” says Wesley, “ of those that priety of lay-preaching was contended cries and tears ; some sunk down, and there for by one party in the Society, and remained no strength in them ; others exopposed by another. But in spite of ceedingly trembled and quaked; some the opposition headed by Charles were torn with a kind of convulsive moWesley, a Mr Bowers began to preach, tion in every part of their bodies, and that and some other innovators declared, so violently, that often four or five persons that they would no longer be mem

could not hold one of them. I have seen bers of the Church of England. many hysterical and epileptic fits, but none Whitefield, who had taken part with of them were like these, in many respects, Charles Wesley in these disputes, I immediately prayed that God would not having been refused admission to the suffer those who were weak to be offended;

but one woman was greatly, being sure pulpit of Islington by the churchwar- they might help it if they would, tio one den till he produced a licence, interpret- should persuade her to the contrary; and ed the prohibition as a manifestation she was got three or four yards when she of the divine favour to preach in the dropt down in as violent an agony as the church-yard. Soon after this innova- rest. Twenty-six of those who had been tion, which, he says, his Master by his thus affected, (most of whom during the providence compelled him to do, he prayers which were made for them, were in went out to Moorfields, where, in con

a moment filled with peace and joy,) prosequence of public notice, a great mul- mised to call upon me the next day, but titude had assembled to hear him. only eighteen came, by talking closely with This place, “ from the situation of whom I found reason to believe that some the ground, and the laxity of the po- seemed to be patiently waiting for it.”

of them had gone home justified ; the rest lice, had now become a royalty of the rabble, a place for wrestlers and box- Mr Southey mentions a great numa ers, mountebanks, and merry-An- ber of instances of a similar kind, undrews; where fairs were held during der the head of what he calls “ Exthe holidays, and where at all times travagancies of the Methodists;" but the idle, the dissolute, and reprobate we shall not enter into any farther resorted ; they who were the pests of detail on that subject in this place, as society, and they who were training up we believe our readers will be perfectto succeed them in the ways of profli- ly satisfied with specimens which have gacy and wretchedness.

been already adduced. Preaching here was, as Whitefield Wesley and the Moravians had not observed, attacking Satan in one of clearly understood each other when his strong holds. He stood upon a they coalesced. They attributed his wall, and addressed a great crowd proofs of the work of grace to the efwithout interruption. His favourite fect of animal spirits and imagination, ground upon week days was Kenning- and his soul was sick of their sublime ton Common, and both there and at divinity. “ Their practice," said he, Moorfields, he had sometimes four- is agreeable to their principles score carriages, and from thirty to lazy and proud themselves, bitter and forty thousand persons on foot gather- censorious toward others, they tramed to hear him. At these preachings ple upon the ordinances of Christ: I he always collected for the Orphan see no middle point wherein we can house, and received more halfpence meet.' “ Vain janglings pursued from his poor auditors than a man him every where ;” and he resolved could carry away. No fits ur convul- to effect an entire separation. For sions had as yet been produced under direction in this, as in other weighty matters, he had recourse to biblio- way the second time from America, mancy, and had his intention deter- and seems, by the letters which he mined by turning up these words, wrote during the voyage, to have anWhat is that to thee? Follow thou ticipated a separation.


He had also previously taken a This disunion from the Moravians, large building in Moorfields, which on the one hand, and from White had been a foundery for cannon dure field, on the other, was favourable to ing the civil wars, and for some time Wesley's ambition, inasmuch as it after the Restoration. He then re- made him the sole head, and single modelled the bands, relieving them mover of the sect which he now befrom that perpetual disputation by gan to form and organize. One step which they were wavered if not weak drew on another. Exclusion from ened, and separated from the society the pulpits of the establishment drove in Fetter-Lane with the minority. him to field preaching. This, in a “ We gathered up our wreck," says climate subject to great and sudden Charles, “ruri nantes in gurgite vas- vicissitudes, led to the erection of to, floating here and there on the vast meeting-houses. These again requirabyss; for nine out of ten were swal- ed funds and ministers. And as few lowed up in the dead sea of stillness.” clergymen could co-operate with him, Some attempts were male by both he found it necessary to admit the parties to bring about a re-union, but practice of lay-preaching. The adwithout success. And after the breachinirable adaptation of the means to had been formally announced, Count the end, which the system of MethoZinzendorff published an advertise« dist discipline displays, is not the rement declaring, that he and his peo- sult of prospective wisdom, but was ple had no connection with John and slowly developed and assisted in its Charles Wesley. Soon after this a progress by accidental circumstances. dispute arose between Wesley and For defraying the debt incurred by Whitefield concerning the tenets of the building in Bristol, it was proposCalvin. The latter could never ac- ed that each member in the society quiesce in the doctrine of perfection, should contribute a penny a week till the free, full, and present salvation the whole was paid. The contribufrom all the guilt, all the power, and tion of the class money thus began, all the in-being of sin; and main- and the mode of collecting it aftertained those of election and irreversi- wards improved to a perfect system ble decrees. And as the former was, of inspection. When Wesley return, at that time at least, of a pugnacions ed to London, he explained to his spirit, a separation became next to leading disciples the great difficulty inevitable. The dispute was keenly he had hitherto experienced of promaintained on both sides, and the sem perly knowing the people who had paration was hastened by the zeal of put themselves under his care. They Whitefield's adherents. A man of agreed, that there could be no better the name of Cennick was particularly way to come to a sure knowledge of zealous in enforcing Calvinism in op- every individual than by dividing position to Wesley. He had been them into classes, (each consisting of employed in the school at Kingswood, eleven persons,) under the direction and also in lay preaching, and was of those who could be trusted, as had withal of a strong mind and resolute been done at Bristol. Thenceforth, spirit. His opposition was the more whenever a society of Methodists was cutting, as he had been his chosen formed, this arrangement was followassistant in the work in which he had ed : a scheme for which Wesley says embarked. But Wesley knew well the “ he could never sufficiently praise art of preserving his authority; and God, its unspeakable usefulness havwith that view, when the Band Society ing ever since been more and more in Kingswood came together prepared manifest.” At first the leader visited for a discussion of their opinions and every member of the class in his own conduct, they were astonished at hear. house; but in a short time it was deing themselves addressed in a manner termined that every class should aswhich amounted to excommunication. semble weekly. Itinerancy was also In consequence of this, Ceznick, with taken up without foresight, but as the about half of the members, withdrew. natural consequence of the course in At this time Whitefield was on his which the Wesleys were engaged,

This practice was not new, but had doing. Wesley replied that he would been song in disuse in England, and see him in the ensuing week. He was, therefore, regarded as a novelty. came, and found both a preacher and

The first example of lay-preaching a congregation raised up without his was set by à Mr Bowers. When interference. This was his first ex-" Whitefield had finished a sermon in pedition to the north, and he preachIslington Church-yard, Bowers got ed in Newcastle, and the neighbourup to address the people. The same hood, with the same success as in person, afterwards preaching in the other places. streets of Oxford, was laid hold of by He visited Epworth, the place of the beadle. The propriety of this his nativity, and stood upon his fainnovation was disputed; but Wes- ther's grave, and preached to the peoley had raised a spirit which he could ple; and there were few places where not suppress, and, therefore, endea- his preaching was attended with greatvoured to give it a useful direction. er or more permanent effects. MeThe lay brethren were at first per- thodism had now assumed a regular mitted to read, pray, and exhort; but form, and its furious symptoms had the transition from expounding to subsided. But Wesley continued to preaching was easy. During Wes- preach“ the doctrines of instantaneley's tours, a person named Maxfield ous regeneration, assurance, and sinwas appointed to exhort the Society less perfection.". These tenets, proin London. He, “ being fervent in mulgated hy unlettered men with all spirit and mighty in the Scriptures, the vehemence and self-sufficiency of greatly profited the people.” Multi- fancied inspiration, gave very great tudes crowded to hear him : "he be- and general offence; and taken in congan to preach ; and the Lord blessed nection with the supposed Jacobitthe word.” This system was in a ism of Wesley, excited mobs which manner anticipated by a person nam- beset him and his preachers wherever ed Nelson, a Yorkshire mason. He they came. Their long and toilsome was the son of pious parents ; mar- journeys, in like manner, subjected ried early and happily; and lived a them to much privation, as well as while with his family in peace, plen- fatigue, curious instances of which are ty, and love. But he became unhap- recorded in their journals, one of py from the fear of judgment. From which we shall venture to quote. the church he went to hear dissenters, " At the commencement of his errantry, Roman Catholics, and Quakers, with- he had sometimes to bear with an indifferout comfort ; so returned to the church

ence and insensibility in his friends, which again. He heard Whitefield in Moor- was more likely than any opposition to have fields; "he was to me,” says Nelson, abated his ardour. Hé and John Nelson

as a man that could play well on rode from common to common, in Cornan instrument.” At length he heard wall, preaching to a people who heard wil. Wesley. Oh !” says he,

lingly, but seldom or never proffered them was a blessed morning for my soul. the slightest act of hospitality. Returning This man can tell the secrets of one day in autumn from one of these hun.

gry excursions, Wesley stopt his horse at my heart. He hath not left me there, for he hath showed me the ther Nelson,' said he,

some brambles, to pick the fruit.

we ought to be remedy, even the blood of Jesus.”

thankful that there are plenty of blackHe refused to work at the Exchequer berries, for this is the best country I ever on Sunday. Religion,” said the saw for getting a stomach, but the worst foreman, “ has made you a rebel to that ever I saw for getting food. Do the the king." “ No, Sir,” he replied, people think we can live by preaching ?' “ the greatest enemies of the king are They were detained some time at St Ives, the Sabbath-breakers, swearers, and because of the illness of one of their comdrunkards, for they pull down God's panions; and their lodging was little bet

ter than their fare.

* All that time,' says judgments both upon king and country. The work was not pursued on

John, Mr Wesley and I lay on the floor:

he had my great-coat for his pillow, and I Sunday, and Nelson rose in the opi, had Burkett's Notes on the New Testanion of his employer. He rejoined ment for mine. After being here near his family at Birstall, and began to three weeks, one morning, about three exhort his neighbours; he collected o'clock, Mr Wesley turned over, and finda large congregation, and then wrote ing me awake, clapped me on the side, to Wesley, telling him what he was saying, • Brother Nelson, let us be of

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