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ver given them more reason to speak a- and the hopes of Christianity, and it may gainst me.' As to the proposal of letting well be believed that these circumstances some other person read for her, she thought of their childhood had no inconsiderable her husband had not considered what a influence upon their proceedings when they people they were ; not a man among them became the founders and directors of a new could read a sermon without spelling a community of Christians. John's provi. good part of it, and how would that edify dential deliverance from the fire had prothe rest ? And none of her own family had foundly impressed his mother, as it did voices strong enough to be heard by so himself, throughout the whole of his after many:
life. Among the private meditations which 66'While Mrs Wesley thus vindicated were found among her papers, was one herself in a manner which she thought written out long after that event, in which must prove convincing to her husband, as she expressed in prayer her intention to be well as to her own calm judgment, the cu. more particulurly careful of the soul of this rate of Epworth (a man who seems to have child, which God had so mercifully providbeen entitled to very little respect) wrote to ed for, that she might instil into him the Mr Wesley in a very different strain, com- principles of true religion and virtue ;plaining that a conventicle was held in his i Lord,” she said, give me grace to do it house. The name was well chosen to alarm sincerely and prudently, and bless my atso high a churchman; and his second let- tempts with good success.' The peculiar ter declared a decided disapprobation of care which was thus taken of his religious these meetings, to which he had made no education, the habitual and fervent piety serious objections before. She did not re- of both his parents, and his own surprising ply to this till some days had elapsed, for preservation, at an age when he was pershe deemed it necessary that both should fectly capable of remembering all the cir. take some time to consider before her hus- cumstances, combined to foster in the child band finally determined in a matter which that disposition which afterwards developed she felt to be of great importance. She itself with such force, and produced such expressed her astonishment that any effect important effects. upon his opinions, much more any change To Talents of no ordinary kind, as well in them, should be produced by the sense. as a devotional temper, were hereditary in less clamour of two or three of the worst this remarkable family. Samuel, the elder in his parish ; and she represented to him brother, who was eleven years older than the good which had been done, by induc- John, could not speak at all till he was ing a much more frequent and regular at- more than four years old, and consequento tendance at church, and reforming the ge. ly was thought to be deficient in his facul. neral habits of the people, and the evil ties; but it seems as if the child had been which would result from discontinuing laying up stores in secret till that time, for such meetings, especially by the prejudices ,one day when some question was proposed which it would excite against the curate, to another person concerning him, he adin those persons who were sensible that swered it himself in a manner which astothey derived benefit from the religious op- nished all who heard him, and from that portunities, which would thus be taken a- hour he continued to speak without diffi. way through his interference. After stato culty. He distinguished himself first at ing these things clearly and judiciously, she Westminster, and afterwards at Christ concluded thus, in reference to her own Church, Oxford, by his classical attain. duty as a wife:- If you do, after all, ments. From Christ Church he returned think fit to dissolve this assembiy, do not to Westminster as an usher, and then took tell me that you desire me to do it, for that orders, under the patronage of Atterbury, will not satisfy my conscience; but send But he regarded Atterbury more as a friend me your positive command, in such full than a patron, and, holding the same poli. and express terms as may absolve me from tical opinions, he attracted the resentment guilt and punishment for neglecting this of the ministers, by assailing them with opportunity of doing good, when you and epigrams and satires.
On this account, I shall appear before the great and awful when the situation of under-master became tribunal of our Lord Jesus Christ.' vacant, and he was proposed as a man emi
“ Mr Wesley made no farther objec- nently qualified to fill it, by experience, tions; and, thoroughly respecting as he ability, and character, the appointment was did the principles and the understanding refused, upon the irrelevant objection that of his wife, he was perhaps ashamed that he was a married man. Charles was placed the representations of meaner ininds should under hiin at Westminster, and, going have prejudiced him against her conduct. through the college in like manner, was
66 John and Charles were at this time also elected to Christ Church. John was under their mother's care : she devoted educated at the Charter-house." such a proportion of time as she could af
Vol. I. pp. 15-21. ford to discourse with each child by itself “ John suffered at the Charter-house un. on one night of the week, upon the duties der the tyranny which the elder boys were
LAST VOLUME.MEMOIR OF THE
permitted to exercisic.' This evil at one this kind more painful than the last ; but time existed very generally in English Wesley seems never to have looked back schools, through the culpable negligence of with melancholy upon the days that were the masters ; and perhaps may still conti- gone; earthly regrets of this kind could nue to exist, though, if a system were de- find no room in one who was continually signed for cultivating the worst dispositions pressing onward to the goal. of human nature, it could not more effec- “ At the age of seventeen he was retually answer the purpose. The boys of moved from the Charter-house to Christ the higher forms of the Charter-house were Church, Oxford.” Vol. I. pp. 27–29. then in the practice of taking their portion of meat from the younger ones, by the law of the strongest ; and during great part of EXTRACT FROM MR WORDSWORTH's the time that Wesley remained there, a small daily portion of bread was his only food. Those theoretical physicians who recommend spare diet for the human ani- Our attention has been taken off mal, might appeal with triumph to the for a time from the Father of Methodlength of days which he attained, and the ism, by the following little Memoir elastic constitution which he enjoyed. He of a Clergyman in the notes to Mr himself imputed this blessing, in great Wordsworth's Sonnets on the River measure, to the strict obedience with which Duddon. We will own the “ noisehe performed an injunction of his father's
, less tenor” of the life which it pourthat he should run round the Charterhouse garden three times every morning. trays has something in our view much Here, for his quietness, regularity, and ap- more characteristic of genuine Christiplication, he became a favourite with the anity, than all the mighty doings either master, Dr Walker; and through life he of Wesley or Whitefield, though we by retained so great a predilection for the no means regard these with any feelplace, that, on his annual visit to London, ing approaching to worldly contempt. be made it a custom to walk through the Mr Southey, we think, appreciates
* of his boyhood. To most men them very justly, and with a true every year would render a pilgrimage of
sense, both of their importance and
their extravagance; and we yet hope ***"Good old Izaak Walton has preserved to give our readers some of the a beautiful speech of that excellent man Sir Henry Wotton, when, in his old age, work, although we have been paus
more interesting particulars in his he was returning from a visit to Winches- ing, we confess, a little too long at ter, where he had been educated.
the threshold. It is from no disreuseful,' he said to a friend, his companion in that journey, how useful was that ad. spect to Mr Wordsworth that we vice of a holy monk, who persuaded his have selected this note in preference friend to perform his customary devotions to the poetry of his volume. That in a contant place, because in that place will be bepraised or bespattered we usually meet with those very thoughts sufficiently, according to people's difwhich possessed us at our last being there. ferent notions, without any aid from And I find it thus far experimentally true, us; and although, no doubt, it is sathat my now being in that school, and see. turated with " unprosaic loveliness, ing that very place where I sate when I was a boy, occasioned me to remember yet a piece of plain prose is more level
to our vulgar capacities, and may be those very thoughts of my youth which then possessed me: sweet thoughts, in- more generally acceptable to our reada deed, that promised my growing years nu. merous pleasures, without mixtures of “ In the year 1709, Robert Walker was cares ; and those to be enjoyed when time born at Under-crag, in Seathwaite; he was (which I therefore thought slow-paced) had the youngest of twelve children. His eldchanged my youth into manhood: but est brother, who inherited the small family age and experience have taught me, that estate, died at Under-crag, aged ninetythose were but empty hopes : for I have four, being twenty-four years older than always found it true, as my Saviour did the subject of this Memoir, who was born foretell, 6 sufficient for the day is the evil of the same mother. Robert was a sickly thereof. Nevertheless, I saw there a suc. infant; and, through his boyhood and cession of boys using the same recreations, youth continuing to be of delicate frame and questionless possessed with the same and tender health, it was deemed best, acthoughts that then possessed' me. Thus cording to the country phrase, to breed him one generation succeeds another, both in a scholar ; for it was not likely that he their lives, recreations, hopes, fears, and would be able to earn a livelihood by bodeath.'?
dily labour. At that period few of these
Dales were furnished with school-houses ; having heard a great deal of it related bethe children being taught to read and write fore. But I must confess myself astonishin the chapel ; and in the same consecrated with the alacrity and the good humour ed building, where he officiated for so many that appeared both in the clergyman and years both as preacher and schoolmaster, his wife, and more. so, at the sense and inhe himself received the rudiments of his genuity of the clergyman himself.'” education. In his youth he became school, master at Lowes-water ; not being called " Then follows a' letter, from another upon, probably, in that situation, to teach person, dated 1755, from which an extract more than reading, writing, and arithme- shall be given. tic. But, by the assistance of a “ Gentle- "6" By his frugality and good manageman" in the neighbourhood, he acquired, ment, he keeps the wolf from the door, as at leisure hours, a knowledge of the clas- we say; and if he advances a little in the sics, and became qualified for taking holy world, it is owing more to his own care, orders. Upon his ordination, he had the than to any thing else he has to rely upon. offerį of two curacies; the one, Torver, in I don't find his inclination is running after the vale of Conistong--the other, Seath. further preferment. He is settled among waite, in his native vale. The value of the people, that are happy among themeach was the same, viz. five pounds per selves ; and lives in the greatest unanimity annum : but the cure of Seathwaite having and friendship with them; and, I believe a cottage attached to it, as he wished to the minister and people are exceedingly marry, he chose it in preference. The satisfied with each other; and indeed how young person on whom his affections were should they be dissatisfied, when they have fixed, though in the condition of a domes- a person of so much worth and probity for tic servant, had given promise, by her se. their pastor ? A man, who, for his candour rious and modest deportment, and by her and meekness, his sober, chaste, and virvirtuous dispositions, that she was worthy tuous conversation, his soundness in printo become the help-mate of a man entering ciple and practice, is an ornament to his upon a plan of life such as he had marked profession, and an honour to the country out for himself. By her frugality she had he is in ; and bear with me if I say, the stored up a small sum of money, with plainness of his dress, the sanctity of his which they began housekeeping. In 1735 inanners, the simplicity of his doctrine, or 1736, he entered upon his curacy; and, and the vehemence of his expression, have nineteen years afterwards, his situation is a sort of resemblance to the pure practice thus described, in some letters to be found of primitive Christianity:? in the Annual Register for 1760, from • We will now give his own account of which the following is extracted :
himself, to be found in the same place. To Mr
« From the Rev. Robert Walker. 66 • Coniston, July 26, 1754. « « Sir,-Yours of the 26th instant wa's “SIR,- I was the other day upon a communicated to me by Mr C, and I party of pleasure, about five or six miles should have returned an immediate answer, from this place, where I met with a very but the hand of Providence then lying striking object, and of a nature not very heavy upon an amiable pledge of conjugal common. Going into a clergyman's house endearment, hath since taken from me a (of whom I had frequently heard) I found promising girl, which the disconsolate mohim sitting at the head of a long square ther too pensively laments the loss of; table, such as is commonly used in this though we have yet eight living, all health. country by the lower class of people, dres. ful, hopeful children, whose names and sed in a coarse blue frock, trimmed with ages are as follows: Zaccheus, aged almost black horn buttons ; a checked shirt, a eighteen years; Elizabeth, sixteen years leathern strap about his neck for a stock, a and ten months ; Mary, fifteen; Moses, coarse apron, and a pair of great wooden- thirteen years and three months ; Sarah, soled shoes, plated with iron to preserve ten years and three months ; Mabel, eight them, (what we call clogs in these parts,) years and three months : William Tyson, with a child upon his knee eating his three years and eight months; and Anne breakfast ; his wife, and the remainder of Esther, one year and three months: behis children, were some of them employed sides Anne who died two years and six in waiting on each other, the rest in teaz. months ago, and was then aged between ing and spinning wool, at which trade he nine and ten ; and Eleanor, who died the is a great proficient; and moreover, when 23d inst., January, aged six years and ten it is made ready for sale, will lay it by six months. Zaccheus, the eldest child, is teen, or thirty-two pounds weight, upon 'now learning the trade of tarner, and has his back, and on foot, seven or eight miles two years and a half of his apprenticeship will carry it to the market, even in the
The annual income of my chadepth of winter. I was not much sur. pel at present, as 'near as I can compute it, prised at all this, as you may possibly be, may amount to about L. 17, 10$. of which Esq. of P
is paid in cash, viz. L. 5 from the bounty obliged on account of the Ulpha affair ; if of Queen Anne, and L..5 from W. P. that curacy should lapse into your Lord.
-, out of the annual rents, he ship's hands, I would beg leave rather to being lord of the manor, and L. 3 from the decline than embrace it ; for the chapels of several inhabitants of L-settled upon Seathwhite and Ulpha annexed together, the tenements as rent-charge ; the house would be apt to cause a general discontent and gardens I value at L. 4 yearly, and among the inhabitants of both places; by not worth more ; and, I believe the sur- either thinking themselves slighted, being plice fees and voluntary contributions, one only served alternately, or neglected in the year with another, may be worth L.3; duty, or attributing it to covetousness in but, as the inhabitants are few in number, me ; all which occasions of murmuring I and the fees very low, this last-mentioned would willingly avoid.' And in concludsum consists merely in free-will offerings. ing his former letter, he expresses a simi
666 I am -situated greatly to my satisé lar sentiment upon the same occasion, defaction with regard to the conduct and be- siring, if it be possible, however, as much haviour of my auditory, who not only live as in me lieth, to live peaceably with all in the happy ignorance of the follies and vices of the age, but in mutual peace and 66 The year following, the curacy of good-will with one another, and are seem- Seathwaite was again augmented ; and ingly (I hope really too) sincere Christians, to effect this augmentation, fifty pounds and sound members of the established had been advanced by himself; and in church, not one dissenter of any denomi- 1760, lands were purchased with eight nation being amongst them all. I got to hundred pounds. Scanty as was his in. the value of L. 40 for my wife's fortune, come, the frequent offer of much better bebut had no real estate of my own, being nefices could not tempt Mr W. to quit a the youngest son of twelve children, born situation where he had been so long hapof obscure parents; and though my in- py, with a consciousness of being useful. come has been but small, and my family Among his papers I find the following large, yet, by a providential blessing upon copy of a letter, dated 1775, twenty years my own diligent endeavours, the kindness after his refusal of the curacy of 'Vipha, of friends, and a cheap country to live in, which will show what exertions had been we have always had the necessaries of life. made for one of his sons. By what I have written (which is a true
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE, and exact account to the best of my know
666 Our remote situation here makes it dif. ledge) I hope you will not think your fa. ficult to get the necessary information for vour to me, out of the late worthy Dr transacting business regularly : such is Stratford's effects, quite misbestowed, for the reason of my giving your Grace the which I must ever gratefully own myself,
present trouble. Sir, your much obliged and most obedient
“6 • The bearer (my son) is desirous of humble Servant,
offering himself candidate for deacon's or"! R. W., Curate of S.
ders, at your Grace's ensuing ordination; ko To Mr C., of Lancaster."
the first, on the 25th inst. so that his pa6 About the time when this letter was pers could not be transmitted in due time. written, the Bishop of Chester recommend. As he is now fully at age, and I have afed the scheme of joining the curacy of Ul. forded him education to the utmost of my pha to the contiguous one of Seathwaite, ability, it would give me great satisfaction and the nomination was offered to Mr (if your Grace would take him, and find Walker ; but an nexpected difficulty a. him qualified) to have him ordained. His rising, Mr W. in a letter to the Bishop, (a constitution has been tender for some
copy of which, in his own beautiful hand. years ; he entered the college of Dublin, writing, now lies before me,) thus expres- but his health would not permit him to ses himself : “ If he,' meaning the person continue there, or I would have supported in whom the difficulty originated, had him much longer. He has been with me suggested any such objection before, I at home above a year, in which time he should utterly have declined any attempt has gained great strength of body, sufto the curacy of Ulpha ; indeed, I was al. ficient, I hope, to enable him for performways apprehensive it might be disagreeable ing the function. Divine Providence, asto my auditory at Seath waitę, as they have sisted by liberal benefactors, has blest my
been always accustomed to double duty, endeavours, from a small income, to rear a and the inhabitants of Ulpha despair of numerous family, and as my time of life being able to support a schoolmaster who renders me now unfit for much future exis not curate there also ; which suppressed pectancy from this world, I should be glad all thoughts in me of serving them both. to see my son settled in a promising way And in a second letter to the Bishop he to acquire an honest livelihood for himself. writes :
His behaviour, so far in life, has been ir. “6MY LORD-I have the favour of reproachable; and I hope he will not deyours of the 1st inst., and am exceedingly generate, in principles or practice, from
the precepts and pattern of an indulgent declined, as we have seen, to add the proparent. Your Grace's favourable recep- fits of another small benefice to his own, tion of this from a distant corner of the lest he should be suspected of cupidity... diocese, and an obscure hand, will excite From this vicc he was utterly free ; he filial gratitude, and a due use shall be made no charge for teaching school ; such made of the obligation vouchsafed thereby as could afford to pay, gave him what they to your Grace's very dutiful and most obe pleased. When very young, having kept dient son and servant,
a diary of his expences, however trifling, 6. ROBERT WALKER.' the large amount, at the end of the year, « The same man, who was thus liberal surprised him; and from that time the in the education of his numerous family, rule of his life was to be economical, not was even munificent in hospitality as a avaricious. At his decease he left bebind parish priest. Every Sunday were served, him no less a sum than L. 2000, and such upon the long table, at which he has been a sense of his various excellencies was pre. described sitting with a child upon his valent in the country, that the epithet of knee, messes of broth, for the refreshment WONDERFUL is to this day attached to his of those of his congregation who came from name. a distancc, and usually took their seats as " There is in the above sketch some. parts of his own household. It seems thing so extraordinary as to require further scarcely possible that this custom could explanatory details. And to begin with have commenced before the augmentation his industry; eight hours in each day, of his cure ; and, what would to many during five days in the week, and half of have been a high price of self-denial, was Saturday, except when the labours of hus. paid, by the pastor and his family, for this bandry were urgent, he was occupied in gratification; as the treat could only be teaching. His seat was within the rails of provided by dressing at one time the whole, the altar; the communion table was his perhaps, of their weekly allowance of fresh desk; and, like Shenstone's school-mistress, animal food; consequently, for a succes- the master employed himself at the spin. sion of days, the table was covered with ning-wheel, while the children were repeatcold victuals only. His generosity in old ing their lessons by his side. Every even. age may be still further illustrated by a ing, after school hours, if not more profit. little circumstance relating to an orphan ably engaged, he continued the same kind grandson, then ten years of age, which I of labour, exchanging, for the benefit of find in a copy of a letter to one of his sons; exercise, the small wheel, at which he had he requests that half-a-guinea may be left sate, for the large one on which wool is for little Robert's pocket-money, who w. s spun, the spinner stepping to and fro. then at school ; entrusting it to the care of Thus, was the wheel constantly in readi. a lady, who, as he says, may sometimes ness to prevent the waste of a moment's frustrate his squandering it away foolishly,' time. Ñor was his industry with the pen, and promising to send him an equal allow. when occasion called for it, less eager. En. ance annually for the same purpose. The trusted with extensive management of conclusion of the same letter is so charac. public and private affairs, he acted in his teristic, that I cannot forbear to transcribe rustic neighbourhood as scrivener, writing it . • We,' meaning his wife and himself, out petitions, deeds of conveyance, wills,
are in our wonted state of health, allow. covenants, &c. with pecuniary gain to himing for the hasty strides of old age knock- self, and to the great benefit of his eming daily at our door, and threateningly ployers. These labours (at all times con. telling us, we are not only nortal, but siderable) at one period of the year, viz. must expect ere long to take our leave of between Christmas and Candlemas, when our ancient cottage, and lie down in our money transactions are settled in this coun. last dormitory. Pray pardon my neglect try, were often so intense, that he passed to answer yours : let us hear sooner from great part of the night, and sometimes you, to augment the mirth of the Christ. whole nights, at his desk. His garden also mas holidays. Wishing you all the plea- was tilled by his own hand; he had a right sures of the approaching season, I am, of pasturage upon the mountains for a few dear son, with lasting sincerity, yours af- sheep and a couple of cows, which require fectionately,
ed his attendance; with this pastoral occu. 666 ROBERT WALKER.' pation, he joined the labours of husbandry “ He loved old customs and usages, upon a small scale, renting two or three and in some instances stuck to them to his acres in addition to his own less than one own loss ; for, having had a sum of money acre of glebe ; and the humblest drudgery lodged in the hands of a neighbouring which the cultivation of these fields requir. tradesman, when long course of time had ed was performed by himself. raised the rate of interest ; and more was “ He also assisted his neighbours in offered, he refused to accept it; an act not hay-making, and shearing their flocks, and difficult to onc, who, while he was drawing in the performance of this latter service he seventeen pounds a-year from his curacy, was eminently dexterous. They, in their