92 years.

on which occasion he was knighted. He 13. At London, John Anderson, Esq. was advanced to the dignity of Baron of Fermoy, in the County of Cork. Gwydir, County Caernarvon, May 28, 1796. At his Palace in Chelsea, after a long He is succeeded in his titles and estates by illness and general decay of nature, the his eldest son, Peter Robert Drummond, Hon. Brownlow North, D.C.L. Lord Bi. now Lord Gwydir, who was married, in shop of Winchester, Prelate of the Order November 1807, to Clementina, sole heiress of the Garter, Provincial Sub-Dean of to the late Lord Perth, in consequence of Canterbury, and Visitor of Magdalane, which he assumed the prefix of Drum- New, Trinity, St John's, and Corpus Col. mond to the family name of Burrell. leges, Oxford, F.A. and L.S. His Lord30. At Redpath, Mrs Neill, aged 81. ship was aged 79, having been nearly 40

At Dunbar, in the 74th year of his years Bishop of that Diocese. age, Mr John Goudie, late manufacturer 14. At Clay Hall, near Windsor, Mrs in Glasgow.

James Lindsay, wife of Captain Lindsay, At Edinburgh, Mr William Griffith, Grenadier Guards, aged 23. umbrella manufacturer, in his 56th year. 16. At Beith, William Fleming, Esq.

July 2.---At Barrock House, Caithness, writer, John Sinclair, Esq. of Barrock.

17. Mr Matthew Park, builder in Glas. At Brechin, Mr James Morris, gow. bookseller there.

20. At Montrose, Mrs Elizabeth Stra3. In London, the Right Hon. John ton, daughter of the deceased John Straton, Earl of Strathmore.

Esq. of Lauriston, in the 86th year of her 4. At his seat at Fulham, the Right age. Hon. Thomas Lord Viscount Ranelagh.

At Inverness, Mrs Susanna Macal. At Crombie Point, near Torryburn, ister, wife of Norman Macdonald, Esq. Mrs Mary Ogilvie, widow of the late James Scalpa. Anderson, Esq. Supervisor of Excise, At Edinburgh, in the 83d year of her Greenock.

age, Miss Graham, only remaining daughAt Govan, Mr Daniel Wardrop, aged. ter of the deceased James Graham of Bal.

quhapple, Esq. 5. At Wick, William Macleay, Esq. late 21. At Portobello, John Macintosh, Provost of that burgh, in the 80th year of Esq. late Accountant of the Royal Bank.

24. James Towers, Esq. Professor 7. At his house, Broomhill, near Lasse of Midwifery in the University of Glaswade, William Swanston, Esq. late of St gow. Kitt's.

25. At Edinburgh, Colonel Robert BailAt Montrose, Mr Alexander Pater- lie, of the Hon. East India Company's son, in the 59th year of his age.

service. At Pitliver, Robert Wellwood, Esq. Lately. At Paris, Count Volney, a of Garvock.

Member of the late Senate, a Peer of 8. At Green, Miss Elizabeth Pettigrew, France, and Member of the French Aca. of Green.

demy. - At Balgonie Cottage, Fifeshire, Major At Drumabin, Mrs M‘Donell, wife James Douglas, late of the 7th royal ye. of Captain R. M.Donell, late of the Glen. teran battalion.

garry Fencibles. At Parkhill, Stirlingshire, Mrs Ca. At Wickham, near Fareham, Vice. therine Miller, relict of Andrew Muirhead, Admiral Sir Richard Grindall, K. Ć. B. in Esq. Castle Ranken.

his 70th year. 9. At Kippenross House, Mrs Stirling, wi- At Horndean, in Hampshire, Ed. dow of the late John Stirling, Esq. of Kip ward Oliver Osborn, Esq. Vice-Admiral of pendavie.

his Majesty's Fleet. At Greenfield, near Alloa, Mrs Mor. In Edinburgh, aged 17 months, Alexrison, of Greenfield.

ander, only son of Alexander Davidson, 10. At Kilsyth Manse, the Rev. Robert Lecturer in Natural Philosophy. Rennie, D. D.

At Eye, in Suffolk, in the 89th year At Largs, James, only son of George of his age, the Rev. Robert Malyn, who Stirling, Esq. Glasgow.

his age.

was Chaplain on board the Prince Frederick 11. In Queen Street, Edinburgh, Miss man of war, at the taking of Louisburgh, Elizabeth Keay, sen.

and was present at the death of General In George's Square, Glasgow, Dame Wolfe and the taking of Quebec in 1759. Robina Crawfurd Pollok of Pollok, aged For the last 59 years this venerable clergy83 years, relict of Sir Hew Crawfurd, Bart. man had been Rector of Kirkton in Suf. of Jordanhill.


Printed by George Ramsay and Company, Edinburgh.






The Scots Magazine.


CONTENTS. An Account of the Life, Writings, and The Bystander. No. VI. caravancom 245

Character of William Richardson, Remarks on "The Abbot"arcoma 248 Esq. late Professor of Humanity in

the University of Glasgowoman.com 195 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC On the Connection between Poetry and



Lithography_Engraving--Agriculture Correspondence of the De Coverley Fa

Corsicaurum-French Theatres mily. No. IV.


Succedaneum for Leeches-MilkRemarks on Hunt's Translation of Tas

Vinegar- The Classics in Arabic, so's Amyntas


&c. &c. &c. Journal of a Visit to Holland. Letter


Works Preparing for Pablication comma 260 XI.

amw218 Greek Prize Poem ; one, of four, that

Monthly List of New Publications....... 262 obtained Prizes last Session in the

University of Edinburghmasamanoma222
Extracts of Letters from Buenos Ayres...223 Foreign Intelligence

264 Remarks on the Memoirs of Richard Parliamentary Intelligence

266 Lovel Edgeworth, Esq.macaronsamma. 226 British Chronicle

-274 Dialogues on Natural and Revealed Appointments, Promotions, &c. sc.com...

6279 Religion cam228 Meteorological Table

281 Account of Mr Fraser's Journey through Agricultural Report

ibo the Himala Mountains, and to the Commercial Report

283 Sources of the Jumna and Ganges...236 Births, Marriages, and Deaths..imerasom...285


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The subject of this

memoir was,

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE, WRIT- Glasgow, he received a present of a

INGS, AND CHARACTER OF WIL- Bible from some Protestant AssociaLIAM RICHARDSON, ESQ. LATE PRO- tion in Dublin, expressive of their FESSOR OF HUMANITY IN THE UNI- sense of the ability and courage which VERSITY OR GLASGOW,

he on that oecasion exhibited. William RICHARDSON, HEsq. of the University of Glasgow, and author that time successfully taught by a Croy, late Professor of Humanity in chia schody of this postinto the paro: of several esteemed works in the de- Mr Joseph Balfour, for whom Mr partments of poetry and criticism, was Richardson ever entertained feelings born at Aberfoyle, Stirlingshire, about of grateful regard. It is related of the year 1741. He was the only him, that, even at this period of his child of the Rev. James Richardson, life, he gave evidence of a poetical minister of that parish, and of Jane turn, having written one day, with Burrel, a native of Northumberland.

a bit of chalk, on his master's furHis father, though necessarily much niture, a few verses of some merit, excluded

from the sources of intellec- which delighted his preceptor, and tual improvement, was possessed of procured him considerable" applause superior talent and information, or which sermons in MS. left by of these sermons, against

popery, which structions in the English and Latin he preached in the College church in languages, and acquiring some know

to ou im. ledge of Greek, he was sent to Glas-
matricular therem-

Uni, This sketch is taken, with little varia. versity there, on tion, from a periodical work which, under ber 1757, having then entered in the the name of The Student, was published in fourteenth year of his age.

Here Glasgow a few years ago. The facts, we are his assiduous application to the study assured by the author, are from the most au- of Latin and Greek, under the care of thentic sources, and we have a satisfaction in Professors Muirhead and Moor, his inserting it in our Journal, as we do not find rapid proficiency in classical learning, an account of Mr Richardson's life in any and the evidences which he gave of carlier Number of the Scots Magazine. His name is too considerable an one to be superior taste, soon attracted the nopassed over, in a work that has more esper those eminent men.

tice, and procured the approbation, of

Some poems, cially in view the literature of Scotland, and it cannot but be agreeably and grate which he wrote at this time, and fully associated with the early recollections afterwards when he was studying of many of our readers, no less than with philosophy, served to gain him addiour own.--Editor.

tional reputation and applause. These

him furnish decided proces her to be After completing his initiatory in

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effusions were on such subjects as to the charge of superintending the Spring and the First of May, a day education of the present Lord Čathon which the students gathered flowers cart and his brother, then about to go for the fire-places in the College, and, to England, his designs as to the though not prescribed by the Profes- church were given up for the time, sors, were occasionally read by them and never afterwards accomplished. to their pupils. Dr Moor was highly These young noblemen he accompapleased with one of those performan- ' nied to Eton, where he remained for ces, and, if we may judge from the two or three years, being distinguishfollowing very elegant tribute to the ed at that place, in the capacity of merits of Mr Richardson, held in no private tutor, by classical erudition inconsiderable estimation his general and elegant accomplishments. When proficiency and talents. s)

in England, he had the honour of Elegantioris ingenii

being frequently invited to the table

of the illustrious Lord Chatham, who Puer, et ingenuae verecundiae,

paid him much attention. GULIELMUS RICHARDSON, In the year 1768, Lord Cathcart, Low Filius unicus Reverendi viri Jacobi 2 father of the present nobleman of that Frifin Pastoris Parochiae de Aberfoil, name, was appointed ambassador ex'

Annos natus quindecim, Academiae traordinary and plenipotentiary to the

este nwina Glasguensis, !!! Empress of Russia, and accordingly, * In classibus literarum Graece et Lata in the August of that year, he went ui Altero anno alumntis;

to St Petersburgh, accompanied by his 67 Ad musarum, interea, patrio sermone, family and their tutor. As they re

Cultum, haud infeliciter aspirans,
varia nascentis indolis specimina,

sided four years in that capital, Mr 5.11 Proemium hoc academicum,

Richardson must have enjoyed admiPublice tulit;

rable opportunities of enlarging his By: Pridie Calendas Junii, MDCCLIX.

knowledge of the world, at the same J. M. Litt. Gr. P.

time that he could prosecute, with

eminent advantages, his private stu10. In this way Mr Richardson recom- dies. Having easy and frequent 8C

mended himself to the notice of the cess to the society of the learned, to 1. Professors, and particularly to the late the circles of fashion, and to the means Yiwenerable Principal Leechman, who of becoming acquainted with the cus*s became his early patron and friend, toms and politics of the nation, the ad and who procured for him the situa- must have both added to his infor

tion of private tutor in the family of mation, and cultivated his manners - Cunningham of Craigends. The ce- and taste; and that such were the

lebrated printers, Messrs Foulis, also effects of his stay in Russia, was sufwere useful to him in various ways ficiently shewn by the improvement, w while he attended College ; and their observable at his return, both in bis

1 acquaintance, accidentally acquired by mind and in his deportment. meeld ..Mr Richardson happening one even- Mr Richardson filled the important

ing in their sale-room to bid very office of private secretary to Lord Yo keenly for a copy of Marcus Anton- Cathcart, as well as that of tutor in -inus, was soon improved into a friend- his Lordship’s family. But these si

ship which was cemented by simi- tuations not entitling him to admis

larity of pursuit, and which was ter- sion into the 'court circles, he was oli minated only by the death of one of under the necessity of procuring from - the parties.

the Empress a special appointment to 121 When he had finished the usual the military rank of a Major in the for course of languages and philosophy, Russian service. 1, and had taken the degree of Master of 4. While in Russia, he carried on a If Arts, Mr Richardson began the study correspondence with his literary friends - ; of theology, intending to be a clergy, in Glasgow. That part of it which It man. With this view, he attended passed between his class-fellow, Proby the lectures of Dr Trail for nearly fessor Arthur, and himself, was afterotthree sessions, and is said to have wards published in the shape of Es

made considerable progress in divi- säys, in a small work to which they nity. But at the end of this period, contributed, in order to promote cerþeing recommended by Dr Lechman tain designs of the publisher, Mr

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