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otter along the banks of his favourite river, or the marten in his chosen haunt; by invading the house of the industrious and sagacious beaver, or pursuing the reindeer, the buffalo, or the moose, over the wintry snows: all the occupations of the red man are such as would be considered by the white man as painfully toilsome and disagreeable.
He quits his wigwam in the morning furnished with a blanket, a gun, and a kettle, depending altogether on his fortune in the hunt for something to appease the cravings of hunger; and not unfrequently may he be seen returning in the evening from a hunting expedition of several days with downcast look and tottering step, having no fruits of his toil to bring with him to his famishing children. And this happens now much more frequently than in former days, for then he was left in quiet undisturbed possession of the extensive hunting grounds of his fathers; no white man's track had as yet frightened the animals from their accustomed haunts, and no white man's fire-water had dimmed his eye for taking aim, or unnerved his arm for drawing the bow, which he then but seldom found altogether to fail him in the supply of his necessities. But the children of civilization having first appeared as suppliants on their shores, have abused the hospitality of the sons of nature, and are now gradually depriving them of the advantages which they formerly derived from their wellstocked hunting grounds; so that where formerly every hunter's wigwam was well adorned with festoons of valuable furs, now seldom does any one, even of the most skilful, succeed in satisfying the trader who has advanced him a supply of clothing for the year; and not unfrequently he and his family have to endure the pangs of unsatisfied hunger for days together when sojourning in the deep recesses of the forest, and far from the habitation of his fellow Indians.
The Indians dwelling or rather wandering along the shores of the great lakes, use different methods of supplying themselves with the finny inhabitants of those fresh water seas.
During the moonless nights in summer the calm surface of the extensive bays of Lake Huron sometimes presents to the stranger the appearance of the well-lighted streets of a city, from the number of bark canoes, each with its light of blazing pine or birch rind, by means of which the Indians pursue their prey. And when the icy touch of winter has bound up the waters of the lake, the Indian still continues the pursuit. At an early hour of the winter's morning the ice is seen dotted with what appears from a distance to be little hillocks
of a dark colour, but which, on nearer inspection, are found to be formed of something hidden from the view by a blanket thrown over it. This proves to be an Indian fisherman, who having cut a hole in the ice, and cleared away the snow for several feet round, has extended himself at full length over the hole, excluding the light with his blanket, and by means of a decoy fish made of wood, loaded with lead, he endeavours to draw his prey towards him; and woe to the inhabitant of the deep that ventures within reach of his spear. Large quantities of very fine fish are thus procured by the Indians during the short days of winter. But alas ! the white man is near to rob him of the fruits of his toil and exposure; with one hand extending the fire-water, and with the other laying hold of the poor Indian's fish, which the white trader finds to be a profitable article of commerce ; and thus what ought to bring plenty into the red man's wigwam becomes, through the iniquity of the white vender of fire-water, the cause of misery and wretchedness, and, as it often happens, of murder too.
Nothing can be conceived more filthy and wretched than the heathen Indian's wigwam. It often requires the Christian missionary to call to his aid the whole array of sacred motives with which he is influenced to enable him to endure the filth that he sees around him in the hovels into which he is called to bear the message of salvation, through the blood and righteousness of Christ. Indeed so overpowering has it been on some occasions, that the writer has, when his work has been done and the Indian family sunk in repose, called his sledge dogs together, yoked them to his sledge, and proceeded on his journey over the ice during the clear cold nights of these regions, rather than continue all night where his missionary duty had led him to spend the whole or part of the preceding day.
Great difficulty and increase of labour are experienced by the missionary in those parts, arising from the wandering habits of the tribes among whom he dwells. Often when perhaps he has travelled a great distance in search of a band of Indians, who, he has learned, have been for some time encamped on a particular island or point of land ; and when he imagines, as the place comes in sight, that his toil is about to be repaid by an opportunity of preaching to the poor heathen the glorious gospel of the blessed God, to his inexpressible disappointment he finds, on his arrival, nothing of the Indian encampment but the bare poles of the deserted wigwams, and
a few smouldering embers, which serve to fix the period of the departure of the band to some time since the last fall of snow; and the alternative is left him of following the Indians to their next encampment, or returning home without having accomplished the great and all important object for which he undertook the journey. But when he thinks of Him who knew by experience the infirmities and severest sufferings of our nature, in order that he might be the merciful High Priest of his people, the missionary learns to count it all joy when he is called to suffer hardness in the honourable work of calling many sons unto Him.
F. A. O'M.
BLESSING ON A TRACT. The following interesting case occurred in Sussex. Shortly after the distribution of tracts in the village of , and before the distributor was aware of any good having been effected, a missionary box was applied for, from a very respectable house in the village. On its first annual return it was found to contain upwards of five pounds. Everybody wondered, but no one knew what had set this machine in motion. Nearly similar results appeared at every missionary anniversary, until at length one of the sisters in the family broke through the restraints of a false shame, and declared that it was entirely owing to the blessing of God upon the tracts, which had been perseveringly left at their house, that they had become acquainted with the plague of their own hearts, and interested in the spread of the gospel.
HUMAN NATURE. WHEN some one was talking before that acute Scotsman, Doctor Cheyne, of the excellency of human nature, “ Hoot, hoot, mon," said he, “ human nature is a rogue and a scoundrel, or why should it perpetually stand in need of laws and of religion?”
THE LAST FLOWER OF THE HOUSEHOLD.
A FATHER from beyond the sea
Unto his home return'd,
Upon his hearthstone burn'd.
He called his little family,
Each by its own loved name;
To his embraces came.
The young rose of my heart?
Fast swelling tear-drops start.
By raging tempests driven,
“Our Anna is in heaven!”
But bowed beneath the rod,
His Father and his God.
u Children, our household here, Hath lost the little gladsome flower,
Which made its light so dear.
You on the earth may share,
With fond fraternal care. “ Your mother mourns her youngest born
As none but mothers mourn,
Who never can return.
His God alone can know:
But we to her may go.
We hand in hand will join ; Jesus will comfort us, and grant
His strength and light divine.
Our blessed Lord will come,
To his eternal home.
In heavenly joys away,
For what we feel this day.''
THE MOSQUE OF OMAR ON MOUNT MORIAH.
MOUNT MORIAH. The mountains of Palestine, embracing the lofty range of Lebanon down to the slightly elevated ground of Calvary, are connected with the peculiar manifestations of the glory, power, and love of God. Pisgah, Gerizim, and Carmel, of the Old Testament, and Tabor and Olivet, of the New, were the scenes of surpassing interest. Among others familiar to the Bible reader is Moriah, chosen as the seat of the empire and religion of Abraham's favoured race.
The name Moriah signifies 66 vision,” and “ the land of Moriah,” mentioned in the history of Abraham, was probably so called from being 66 seen afar off." All the hills on which the ancient Jerusalem stood were originally included under the term “ land of Moriah.” In the time of David the hill stood apart from the city, and was under cultivation ; for here was the threshing-floor of Araunah the Jebusite, bought by David, and on which he raised an altar to God, 2 Sam. xxiv. 15—25. On this spot Solomon afterwards built the temple, 2 Chron. iii. 1, at which time it was included within the walls of the city. Here also Abraham, more than eight hundred years before, was directed to offer his son Isaac in sacrifice, Gen. xxii. 1, 2.
There is perhaps nothing recorded in the Old Testament NOVEMEER, 1847.