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have shed the blood of saints and prophets; and thou hast given them blood to drink, for they are worthy.” The third trumpet was executed on the rivers and fountains of water, and made them bitter. This vial turns them to blood This vial was fulfilled in the wars that raged in Europe in and after the latter part of the sixteenth century; - wars with the house of Austria;—wars relative to the Pregmatic Sanction;—and other furious wars and contests. Atter the wars in Italy were closed, other wars were kindled and raged in Europe. Says the historian, relative to the middle of the sixteenth century, “From this period Italy ceased to be the great theatre on which the monarchs of Spain, France, and Germany, contended for power and for fame. Their contentions and hostilities, though as frequent and violent as ever, were excited by new ob. jects, and stained other regions of Europe with blood, and rendered them miserable in turn, by the devastation of war." (Dr. Robinson.) See treatise on the third vial.
Vial Fourth. “And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire: And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, who had power over these plagues; and they repented not to give him glory." The fourth trumpet darkened a third part of the sun.
The fourth vial gives it power to scorch men with heat. This was probably fulfilled in the operations of the civil government in Christendom, against the interests of the Papal see. Many of them, instead of being obsequious to the Pope, to carry his laws and dogmas into execution, as before, wholly revolied from him, and established and defended the Protestant religion. And the other governments generally, that did not become Protestant, curtailed and withstood many of the usurpations of the Papal see; till that system became as it were scorched, and withered. The order of the Jesuits, those most efficacious defend: ers of the interests of the bierarchy, was finally subverted by the great governments of Europe. And the votaries of the Beast were so far from repenting, that
they blasphemed God, by introducing the new and most abominable systein of Illuminism. This soon prepared the way for the fifth vial, the first of the three capital vials; and has opened the flood gates of terror and devastation to the world. See treatise on the fourth vial.
Vial Fifth. “And the fifth Angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the Beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, and blasphemed the God of hiaven because of iheir pains, and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.” The fifth trumpet opened the bottomless pit, darkened the world with a smoke from thence, and spread terror and devastation, far and wide, by its furi. ous locusts. The fifth vial fills the Papal kingdom with darkness, by the rise of the Beast from the bot. tomless pit; and by the terrors of his armies, and violent measures. This vial has been fulfilled by the rise and measures of the French Empire. The Papal throne has indeed been subverted; his kingdom filled with darkness. Till the rise of the French Empire, the Papal Beast had a throne, and a kingdom Since that he has had none. Sve treatise on the fifth vial.
Vial Sixth. “And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.” The sixth trumpet gave rise to the Turkish empire, by freeing and uniting the four Turkish sultanies, near the river Euphraies...nd the sixth vial overturns this empire, to prepare the way for the restoration of God's ancient people; and perhaps for the conversion of the great eastern nations to Christ. See treatise on the sixth vial.
Vial Seventh. “And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. And there were voices, and thunders, and light. nings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighly an earthquake and so great. And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell; and
but the fifth, poured upon the throne of the Papal Beast, and filling his kingdom with darkness? For the evidence of this, see the treatise on vial fifth in the sec. ond edition of the dissertation. And for the explanation of this chapter, see section 6th, chapter i, on the Ro. man, Papal, and Antichristian Beasts. The period of this scene, is from the revolution in France, A. D. 1789; -till the battle of the great day of God.
12th. The eighteenth chapter belongs to the same period with the scene just noted. It it a more full illus. tration of the descent of the angel of the covenant, in chapter tenth, before noted in the first general division. To enlarge upon the same event, in this second general division, the Angel is again represented as descend. ing from heaven, and announcing, that Papal Babylon has indeed fallen; and has become the hold of every foul spirit, and the cage of every unclean and hateful bird. The preceding scene presents the terrible insirument of the execution oi Papal Babylon; and presents her on the way to execution. In this scene a description of the terrible event, as fulfilled is given. See explanation of this chapter, section 7th, chapter i, of the dissertation.
131h. The nineteenth chapter goes to a still later period;-the balıle of the great day, and the introduction of the Millennium. The latter (as though to relieve the mind of the reader) is given first, under the emblem of the marriage of the Lamb. The battle, which precedes this blessed marriage of the Lamb, is thus described, in the last half of the chapter. An explanation is given of it in sec. 3d, chap. i, of this second edition; and in other parts of the dissertation. In describing the same events, in the close of the first general division, chap. xi, 15-19, the same method is adopted, of first noting the Millennium; and then the battle that precedes it.
141h. The twentieth chapter proceeds to describe the Millennium, under the view of the confinement of the devil to the bottomless pit, that he shall deceive the nations no more for a thousand years; and all the people of God, for this term, reigning
on the earth. The dead, both martyrs, and all who escape the second death, are mystically represented as rising, and reigning.
This is fulfilled, in the coming forward of bold, and zealous successors; as the resurrection of Elijah was fulfilled in John the Baptist. Christians are raised up in the spirit, zeal, and power of the martyrs, and deceased followers of Christ. The cause, in which the hearts of the mar. tyrs and saints of past ages, were bound up, and in which they lived and died, revives and fills the world. The saints in heaven will see this event, and feel ad. ditional joy and glory. This is their mystical resurrection in this twentieth chapter, and their addi. tional rewards noted in the corresponding passage in the first division, or in chap. xi, 18; “And that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants, the prophets; and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small
.” This twentieth chapter advances to events not noted in the preceding chapter; nor in the first gen. eral division. It predicts a second mystical resurrection, a resurrection of the wicked, in an apostacy toward the close of the thousand years. Gog and Magog (names under which Antichrist goes into perdition, in the battle preceding the Millennium) are raised again. * The last and a terrible scene of persecution follows. Christ. then comes to judgment. The dead are literally raised. All men are arraigned before him, judged, and awarded to bliss or woe.
15th. In the two last chapters, the scene unfolds the heavenly state, under the emblem of a vast city, the New Jerusalem. And the book closes with most sol. emn warnings to the world.
16th. In favor of the two general divisions of the prophetic part of the book, does any thing more need be said? The view of the contents of the chapters on the chart, evinces that the subject is thrown into these two grand divisions. The first division begins with the first century; and moves regularly on, through nearly two millenaries; and closes in the seventh trum. pet or third woc, introductory to the Millennium,
* See 11. page 300 of this book,
This first general division has various subdivisions; as the seven seals; the seven trumpets; and the three
It moves forward through these, and closes in the battle of the great day, and the Millennium. These internal arrangements are such, as are, for the most part, peculiar to this first division; and show, that it is a part by itself. The first division admits of no reversion back to the period where it begins. It moves directly forward, (only with two collateral scenes) to its close in the Millennium.
The second division then commences, on a new scale of internal arrangement. It reverts to the period where the first division commences; and traverses the same ground, with subdivisions wholly new, excepting where the first division begins, and closes. It gives events, which were either hinted, or implied in the first division, in more circumstantial description. Its uniform dualities of scenes, relating to the same periods, and the gradual advance of these scenes toward the end of the world, and into the future eterni. ty, show it to be a new division, with arrangements peculiar to itself. This second division has five periods, with two synchronical scenes appropriated to each; as is seen upon the chart. And, with the first division, it has its septenary, or series of seven, the seven vials. These are on a new scale, and different from any septenary of the first division. I shall rhen rest on the evidence that these two divisions of the prophetic part of the Revelation, are founded in reality. And much aid is. hence furnished in explaining this enigmatical book.
17th. The following things appear evident, relative to periods, in these two general divisions. The first division has its septenary of trumpets, which closes in the decisive judgments introductory to the Millennium. The second division has its septenary of vials, which closes in the same judgment. The first division has its septenary of seals; the last of which contains the seven trumpets. And beside these septenaries, both divisions unitedly contain a septenary of notable periods,