The Faroe Islands: Interpretations of History
University Press of Kentucky, 2015. jan. 13. - 280 oldal
Stranded in a stormy corner of the North Atlantic midway between Norway and Iceland, the Faroe Islands are part of "the unknown Western Europe" -- a region of recent economic development and subnational peoples facing uncertain futures. This book tells the remarkable story of the Faroes' cultural survival since their Viking settlement in the early ninth century.
At first an unruly little republic, the islands soon became tributary to Norway, dwindled into a Danish-Norwegian mercantilist fiefdom, and in 1816 were made a Danish province. Today, however, they are an internally self-governing Danish dependency, with a prosperous export fishery and a rich intellectual life carried out in the local language, Faroese.
Jonathan Wylie, an anthropologist who has done extensive field work in the Faroes, creates here a vivid picture of everyday life and affairs of state over the centuries, using sources ranging from folkloric texts to parliamentary minutes and from census data to travelers' tales. He argues that the Faroes' long economic stagnation preserved an archaic way of life that was seriously threatened by their economic renaissance in the nineteenth century, especially as this was accompanied by a closer political incorporation into Denmark.
The Faroese accommodated increasingly profound social change by selectively restating their literary and historical heritage. Their success depended on domesticating a Danish ideology glorifying "folkish" ways and so claiming a nationality separate from Denmark's. The book concludes by comparing the Faroes' nationality-without-nationhood to the contrasting situations of their closest neighbors, Iceland and Shetland.
The Faroe Islands is an important contribution to Scandinavian as well as regional and ethnic studies and to the growing literature combining the insights and techniques of anthropology and history. Engagingly written and richly illustrated, it will also appeal to scholars in other fields and to anyone intrigued by the lands and peoples of the North.
1 - 5 találat összesen 5 találatból.
surely come by honestly enough, as lands were piously bequeathed to it or were
given over in lieu of the tithe, but other acquisitions were not so proper. The
rapaciousness of a certain priest named Kálvur is legendary: “He was villainously
In 1617, a good fishing year, for once, the Løgting complained to Christian IV that
for the past two or three years, “a great crowd of Scottish ships” had gathered “
under Your Grace's land and islands and with their small ships sail or row
His negotiations were successful; in 1618 James forbade his subjects “to fische
within sight of land of the Ile of Fara” (P. Petersen 1968:89). “Within sight of land”
came to be defined as four miles, or sixteen sea miles as we now reckon it.
The king obliged them by increasing the priests' land to 151% merkur, which
gave them average livings of about 22 merkur. Priests were very rich men by
local standards. Like other prosperous farmers, they kept large establishments
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