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The following Noblemen and Gentlemen have promised their support to the proposed conference, or have expressed in general terms their approval of it :His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury The Rev. E. Chapman, M.A. The most Noble the Marquis of Lans The Rev. George Craik, D.D. The Earl Ducie
[downe, K.G. The Rev. Dr. Craik, Glasgow The Earl Granville
The Rev. J. H. Hinton, M.A.
The Rev. Norman M‘Léod, Glasgow
The Rev. Nash Stephenson
The Rev. W. T. Morrison, M.A. The Bishop of Winchester
The Rev. W. Whitehead The Bishop of Lichfield
The Rev. Henry Wilkinson The Bishop of Oxford
Joseph Allen, Esq. The Bishop of Bath and Wells
Edward Baines, Esq. Leeds The Bishop of Lincoln
J. F. Bunce, Esq. The Bishop of Salisbury
Richard Cobden, Esq.
J. C. Colquhoun, Esq.
Henry Dunn, Esq.
William Ellis, Esq. The Right Hon. Sidney Herbert, M.P. Robert Foster, Esq. The Right Hon. Wm. Cowper, M.P.
Rowland Hill, Esq. The Right Hon. Sir John Packington, Frederick Hill, Esq. Bart. M.P.
Alfred Hill, Esq. The Honourable and Rev. S. Best
Julian Hill, Esq. The Honourable and Rev. G. M. Yorke Joseph Kay, Esq. Sir Stafford Northcote, Bart.
Horace Mann, Esq. Sir J. P. Kay Shuttleworth, Bart.
J. H. Markland, Esq. D.C.L. The Dean of Westminster
John Martin, Esq. The Dean of Bristol
William Miall, Esq. The Dean of Hereford
William Miles, Esq. The Dean of Salisbury
Samuel Morley, Esq. The Venerable Archdeacon Sinclair
Professor Pillans The Venerable Archdeacon Allen
Windham Postal, Esq. The Rev. Chancellor Harrington
Charles Ratcliff, Esq. Mr. Commissioner Hill, Q.C.
Alexander Redgrave, Esq. Sir Erskine Perry
John Reynolds, Esq, Sir Thomas Phillips
Jelinger Symons, Esq. The Rev. Canon Anderson
Hugh Seymour Tremenheere, Esq. The Rev. Canon Fry
Mr. Sheriff Watson, Aberdeen The Rev. Canon Girdlestone
E. C. Tufnell, Esq. The Rev. Canon Lonsdale
E. D. Wilks, Esq. The Rev. Canon Moseley
William Wells, Esq. The Rev. Canon Richson
James Wilson, Esq. The Rev. Prebendary Guthrie
George Wilson, Esq.
EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATION PRIZE SCHEME.—The following is an excellent Prize Scheme as agreed to at the committee meeting of the Birmingham School Association, held on the 31st March.
QUALIFICATION OF CANDIDATES
Third Class (Lowest) Prize. 1.-Boys or girls (not being pupil teachers or paid monitors) who can produce certificates that they have attended for one year, and are still attending any public elementary school within the borough of Birmingham, and who can also produce certificates of good conduct and character.
2.-These prizes being intended for the children of the industrial classes, the committee reserve to themselves the right of defining what schools shall be eligible to send candidates,
Second Class (Middle) Prize. 3.--Candidates for the second class must produce certificates that they are attending school, and have attended for two years; and they must produce the same certificate of conduct as the third class.
First Class (Highest) Prize. 4.-Candidates for the first class must produce certificates that they are attending school, and have attended for three years, and must produce the same certificate of conduct as in the former classes.
5.-In the case of girls, certificates of a knowledge of needlework (sewing) will, in each class, be required in addition to the other qualifications.
6.-No child can compete for the second (or middle) prize, without having previously obtained the third (or lowest) prize, or a certificate of commendation; nor can any child compete for the first (or highest) prize, without having previously obtained the second and third prizes, or corresponding certificates. The third prize will be confined to children under eleven years old, the second prize to children under thirteen years old, and the first prize to children under sixteen years old.
7.- For the present and next year (1857-8,) the preceding clause will be modified, so as to allow properly qualified candidates to compete for prizes in the three classes.
8.-A year's attendance at school will, throughout this scheme, be understood to mean that the scholar has attended not less than 176 days in the year. In computing the 176 days, two half days, whether morning or afternoon, may be reckoned as a day, but Sunday attendances will not be counted in.
9.-The certificates of attendance and moral character must be signed by the teacher of the school, and countersigned by the minister of religion to whose place of worship the school is attached, or by the managers of the school.
10.-If a child moves from one school to another, certificates must be produced from each school attended during the period for which attendance is required. In cases of change of school, the aggregate attendance will be counted as attendance within this rule, provided the committee are satisfied that sufficient reason is shown for such change.
SUBJECTS OF EXAMINATION. 11.--3rd Class, (lowest :) Candidates must read fluently; write from dictation ; spell correctly; work the first four rules of arithmetic, simple and eompound; answer questions on the map of England.
12.-2nd Class, (middle :) Candidates must read fluently; write from dictation; work the four first rules of arithmetic, and reduction, proportion, and practice; answer questions on the map of Europe ; parse an easy sentence.
13.-1st Class, (highest:) Candidates must answer questions in arithmetic generally; in geography, (general outline;) in English grammar; and on the outlines of English history.
14.- Religious Knowledge : Candidates will be examined in various portions of the Holy Scriptures to be fixed from year to year by the Board of Examiners. This part of the examination will be conducted (if required) by an examiner or examiners of the denomination to which the school belongs.
SPECIAL PRIZES. 15—Individuals will be allowed to offer special prizes for the following subjects, subject to regulation by the committee : Boys and girls-arithmetic, grammar, geography, mechanics, English history, composition, drawing. Girls only-cutting out, sewing, knitting, darning, marking, &c. 16.- No candidate can compete for more than one of the special prizes.
NATURE OF THE PRIZES. 17.-Prizes of books or money will be given to each candidate who shall obtain such a proportion of the whole number of marks as shall be fixed from year to year by the committee. Certificates will be given to each candidate who shall obtain a certain lower proportion of marks, to be similarly fixed.
MACHINERY OF ADMINISTRATION. 18.Prize Fund to be raised and kept distinct from the General Fund of the Association.
19.- A Board of Examiners, to be appointed yearly by the General Committee of the Association; of these a certain number to be appointed to act as examiners, and the questions framed by them to be submitted to and approved by the whole Board, but this regulation shall not apply to the questions included in clause 14.
20.--Examinations to be conducted entirely on paper.
LIVERPOOL FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY AND MUSEUM.-Mr. Brown, M.P. for South Lancashire, has presented to the the world a spectacle of which the present and future generations of our citizens may well be proud, by the donation of an immense sum for the erection of a new Museum and Public Library, which will be a magnificent monument of that gentleman's munificence and patriotism. Mr. Brown will bear the whole expense of the undertaking: and we know of no instance in which wealth has been more usefully or more wisely employed. Mr. Brown, no less by his philanthrophic deeds than by his high mercantile reputation and world famed enterprise, richly deserved the ovation with which he was honoured on the 15th ult. by his fellow townsmen; and Lord Stanley and Sir John Pakington attended and may fairly be regarded as the representatives of the country generally. The business of the day commenced as early as 10 30 a. m., by the presentation of an address to Mr. Brown at the Town-hall by the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, the Nonconformist ministers of various denominations (represented by Dr. Raffles), the Liverpool Sunday School Institute, (represented by Mr. C. R. Hall,) the Liverpool Queen's College (represented by Mr. Thornley. M.P.) the Liverpool Literary Institute and School of Art (represented by Mr. W. Rathbone,) the Liverpool Literary and Dramatic Society (represented by Mr. Lowton,) and the Liverpool Medical Institute (represented by Dr. Voce.)
The address was read by the President, Major General the Hon. Sir Edward Cust. After the presentation of the addresses a procession was formed to the site of the new building. Among the distinguished persons present in the vicinity of the stone were Lord Stanley, M.P., Sir John Pakington, Lieutenant-General Sir Harry Smith, the Bishop of the diocese, Major-General Sir Edward Cust, Mr. Monckton Milnes, M.P. Mr. W. Ewart, M.P., Mr. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mr. J. Cheetham, M.P., Mr. T. B. Horsefall, M.P., Mr. Joseph Christopher Ewart, M.P., &c.
LIST OF NEW BOOKS.
Question and Answer. Asses' SKIN.—How to get the writing rubbed out?
Answer.-If india rubber fails, try milk. But it is ill adapted for writing on.
Porcelain tablets are best. To Correspondents.—Will our correspondent at Great Yarmouth please to ,
send us his name and address.
ertisement iter, from stranger if under 40 was half-page, or
REDUCED CHARGE FOR ADVERTISEMENTS. Orders and Advertisements must be sent ONLY to MESSRS. GROOMBRIDGE, 6, Paternoster Row; the latter, from strangers, must be accompanied by a remittance, according to the following scale : If under 40 words, 38. 6d. ; for every additional ten words, 6d. ; a whole page, £2, 28.; a half-page, or one column, £1, 58. Ten per cent. discount on all Advertisements inserted more than twice.
The JOURNAL will be sent, free of postage, for half a year, on receipt of 38. in advance.
VERILY we live, if not in a moving, yet in a movement age. Twenty
years ago, horresco referens, it would have been treason to doubt the orthodoxy of our bishops and the infallibility of our church.
Now such canons are consigned to the fire with trials for witch& craft or touching for the king's evil. We have exchanged Com
morantes in marisco for Habitantes in sicco. But to be serious. •
Men are now asking to be fed with well sifted food. They do not wish to doubt the capacities of the pioneers that be, whether in church or state, but as certain vast evils have grown up, and are increasing on us, in spite of the one, and we have lately encountered a series of deadlocks, notwithstanding the paternal care of the other, it is really worth while to examine things a little more closely. And surely there can be nothing which calls on us for more wary inspection than the training of young children. Poetry tells us the child is father to the man-school books, of the reverence due to childhood. It will surely then be admitted that we cannot begin training too early. What that training shall be is another question. Whether of mind or body, or both combined-an open-air training, by the eye, the memory, or the affections we are not now concerned to inquire. We are about to say a few words on religious training. It is a subject of vast importance, for the memories of our youth not seldom chasten, comfort, and impress ineffaceably the whole life. As we hear a man strangely tempted say, “Ah! I would do what you want, but something my old mother taught me won't let me.” We have not time, our subject will not allow us to say why this is, although the inquiry is most interesting. We are simply to say a few words about sermons and services, that is, in more pompous phrase, “The public teaching of religion suited for the young.”
Now, in limine, we think something is gained by the mere circumstance that children are brought in large numbers to places of public worship. We do not deny that the mass of working men are irreligious, cespite their early attendance at church or chapel. For this the wretched system of teaching religion in our schools is in its degree answerable; still more the irreligion of their homes, with the host of evil influences, which surround these homes, the low state of public opinion among working men, imperfect education, bad lodging, precarious work, polluted atmosphere, as creating a craving for strong drink. Still, in spite of all these drawbacks, the public teaching of the young in church or chapel is something gained. There must be some words uttered, or prayers learnt, which the memory keeps firm hold of. There must be some food here for future inquiry; some questions which the mind asks, and for which, when the intellect is developed or the affections awakened, it demands an answer; and thus, perhaps, because when the business of life is nearly done there is more leisure for such considerations, we see the aged poor in larger numbers at church than those in middle life. We believe too that the influence of public
VOL. XI. NO. 126, N.S.
services often ripens when men have ceased to be church goers; nay, when they have seemingly become quite indifferent, even when they profess infidelity. Society may be very far from what we could wish it in England. It is not nearly so immoral as on the Continent. Men are not so reckless of the marriage tie, of human life itself, as among our neighbours; and we cannot but think that the public worship of our childhood has something to do with this. But having conceded thus much, we confess that the influence of this weekly attendance of our children, whether poor or rich, at church is not what it ought to be, what it might be, what we hope in the brighter day that is opening on us, it will be. What is the present system of teaching children on the Sunday to be Christians ? Among the poor it is usual to send children to the National School, (or Sunday School, where there is no weekly school,) where, under the direction of the clergyman, certain amateurs assemble, and either from their own stores, or from a book supplied, instruct the boys and girls before them in the leading truths of religion. After about an hour thus spent, the children are taken to church, where they are confined for two hours more. The same process, or nearly the same process, is repeated in the afternoon. And then we suppose that a certain number of patent Christians will, under such a process, issue yearly from our doors. Let us then, in the first place, shut our eyes to facts, and take for granted that our Sunday School quite fulfils all we wish; that our teachers, instead of being hunted up with great difficulty, so that we are glad to catch at the least share of earnestness and information, are picked from a number of candidates, carefully trained, and after having made full proof of their power to teach, drafted into our Sunday classes. Let us suppose that instead of doctrinal controversial catechisms, you have introduced pleasing tales, humble imitations of the parables; that these have been wisely and lovingly ingrafted in the children's minds, so that they crave in the week for the loan of the books which was their Sunday's delight. Suppose some attempt made to get up pleasing hymns, and to bring into play the vocal powers around you, under the control of a wise, eventempered, sincere master.
You take these children, who have already got nearly sufficient material for a day's thought, to the parish church. You take them to a service which occupies generally about two hours. We are not going to discuss the question whether in our present Liturgy three services are not compressed into one; but obviously our morning form of prayer is too long even for the aspirations of the most devout worshipper, and rare indeed must his power of fixing his attention be, who is not overtasked by it; certain prayers are repeated totidem verbis, still more in substance; broken, it is true, in some large churches by good music ;-but, alas ! how many churches want this wholesome interruption; and then, when men's minds are wearied out, comes a written sermon, which, from the very nature of such addresses, must be an essay rather than an appeal—the reasoning of the closet, not the fervid exhortation which is begotten by the presence of living, breathing men, representing almost every type of human character, each with his features telling somewhat of the inner life, each with his own distinct history, each an immortal soul.
Now suppose, for the sake of argument, that a written sermon satisfied better than any thing else the intellectual and spiritual wants of the adults in the congregation; that from some peculiarity of the national mind, close and systematic reasoning prevailed where appeal was condemned as savouring of enthusiasm-can children follow a chain of argument ? Does not