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James I., Reign of, review of Mr. S. R. Gardiner's work on, 101-new
light thrown upon various incidents during the reigns of James I.
and his son Charles I., 102-the author's 'England under Charles I.
and the Duke of Buckingham,' 102-his 'Prince Charles and the
Spanish Marriage,' 102-his character of James I., 103-high
opinion formed of him by a writer in the Quarterly Review,' 104-
refuted by Mr. Gardiner's history, 105-his impartiality, 109-
Selden, Coke, and Cotton, 110-Sandys, Pym, and Eliot, 111-the
Divine Right of Bishops and the Divine Right of Kings, 113-Lord
Bacon's views on the matter, 115-the Judges' firm resistance to the
Court of High Commission, 116-Selden's History of Tithes,' 117
-Montague's answer thereto, 119--Charles I's. arbitrary proceed-
ings, 120-his Declaration of 1629, 121-the High Church Party
and the Calvinists, 122-the religious question the chief cause of
quarrel between Charles and the Commons, 125- the Petition of
Right, in 1628, and the line of argument assumed thereon by the
author, 126-meanings of the words Customs, Subsidies, Imposts,
Tax, 126-arguments pro and contra on the right of the King to
levy impositions, 130-true intent of the Petition of Right, 137.


Lindsay, Mr. W. S., review of his 'Merchant Shipping and Ancient
Commerce' and other works, 420-qualifications of the author, 421
-his researches, and strange neglect of good authorities, 421-
the Black Book of the Admiralty,' 421-the navy of Pontifical
Rome in the Middle Ages, 422-The Laws of Öleron,' 423-
the ancient and medieval galley, 426-configurations of ships on
ancient seals, 429-mode of ancient naval warfare, 431-Greek
fire, 432-the battle off Dover in 1217, 434-the battle of Sluys in
1340, 434-meaning of the expression dominion of the sea,' 435
-the Navigation Act of 1651, 436-rival claims of the Portuguese
and Spaniards as to the right to the Moluccas or 'Islands of Spicery,'
437-difficulties of early navigation, 438-the invention of the
compass, 440-the origin of technical naval expressions, 442-
superiority of English sailors compared with French and Spanish, 444
-Hawkins and Drake, 446-stringent edicts against wrecking, 450
-the Hanseatic League, 452.


Macaulay, Lord, the Life and Letters of, reviewed, 544-parallel and
contrast in the early lives of Lord Macaulay and Mr. John Stewart
Mill, 544-parentage and early connexions of Lord Macaulay, 546-
his strong attachment for Cambridge, 547-his friend and fellow-
student, Charles Austin, 548-Macaulay's hatred of mathematics, 550
-his low estimate of University honours, 551-his universal read-
ing, 552-is elected Fellow of Trinity, and called to the Bar, 552—
his contributions to 'Knight's Magazine,' 553-Lord Jeffrey's
admiration of his literary style in his articles for this Journal, 553-
his sisters and brothers, 555-complete and unbroken union between

him and his sister Hannah More (Lady Trevelyan, mother of his
biographer), 555-he is noticed by the Marquis of Lansdowne, who
offers him the borough of Calne, 557-excitement of the House at his
speech on the Reform Bill on March 2nd, 1831, 558-his new
social relations, especially with Holland House, where he meets
Talleyrand, 559-his description of the host and hostess, 560-sits
for Leeds, and is appointed to the Supreme Council at Calcutta as
its legislative member, 562-his return to England, 565—makes a
tour in Italy, 565-letter from Mr. Gladstone, 566-sits for Edin-
burgh, 567-begins his History of England, 568-supports Lord
Palmerston, 568-participates in social breakfasts, and regularly
attends the dinners at The Club,' 569-his strong memory, 570—
unfriendly review of his History in the Quarterly Review,' 572—
his sudden illness, 573-immense sale of his History, 577-his
gradual decline and death, 580.

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Mac Donald, Mr. G., 336. See Scotch Novels.

Mayo, Earl of, review of Mr. Hunter's Life of, 387-his character as
an Indian administrator, 388 et seqq.-his experience in the Irish
Secretariat, 388-previous Viceroys of India, 389-proper position
and functions of an Indian Viceroy, 393-Lord Lawrence's view
thereon, 395-his exertions to maintain due authority, 396-imposing
appearance of Lord Mayo, 397-he adopts the policy and foreign
administration of his predecessor, 399-his reply to the chiefs of
Rajpootana, 403-the subject of Indian Finance, 404-the income-
tax and the salt duties, 409-his reductions in the military expendi-
ture, 410-his interest in agricultural improvements, 412-his plans
for irrigation and railway extensions, 414-his method of finding
ways and means to meet local requirements, 416.

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Railways-their profits and losses, review of works treating of, 352—
results of Watt's discovery of the mechanical uses and appliances of
steam, 352-more especially as regards railways, 355-speedy
travelling, 356-Captain Tyler's General Report, 358-passenger
and merchandise traffic on our railways, 358-canal and coasting
traffic, 361-carriage of minerals on railways, 361-total receipts
from the working of railways of the United Kingdom, 362-statisti-
cal returns as to passenger traffic, 362-weights of carriages, 365—is
the mineral traffic a loss or a gain? 367-relative cost of fast and
slow traffic, 371-M. de Franqueville's report on the system of public
works in England, 374-relative cost of locomotive and stationary
power, 376-Stephenson and Brunel, 377-the rapid increase in
weight and stoutness of engines, carriages, and rails, 378-considera-
tions offered for promoting economy and ensuring increased profits,
380-the French railways, 383-conclusion, 384.


Scotch Novels, recent, review of, 317-the Scotch character, 317-the
Waverley Novels, 320-Sir Walter Scott, 320-Lockhart, Wilson,
and Galt, 321-Mrs. Oliphant and her novels, 323 et seqq.-her






'Mrs. Margaret Maitland,' 323-her' Merkland,' and 'Harry Muir,'
327-her Katie Stewart,' 330-her Minister's Wife,' 331-her
'Valentine and his Brother,' 334-Mr. George Mac Donald's works,
336 et seqq.-his 'David Elginbrod,' 336-his' Alec Forbes of How-
'glen,' 339-his 'Robert Falconer,' 344-his 'Malcolm,' 347-Mr.
W. Black's novels, 349 et seqq.-his Princess of Thule,' 350-his
'Daughter of Heth,' 350.

Scotland, secondary education in, review of books treating of, 511-
Reports of the Royal Commissioners, 512-sang schools,' 514-
burgh or grammar schools, 514-schools attached to monasteries, 515
-educational condition of Scotland at the Reformation, 517-the
Grammar School of Perth, 518--classics not sufficiently studied
thereat, 521-the Ayr Academy, 523-the University of Glasgow,
525-the Aberdeen Grammar School, 526-the Dick Bequest, 528
-poverty of the secondary schools, 532-mode of obtaining increased
salaries for their masters, 535-'wasted endowments' might be so
applied, 538-income of Heriot's Hospital, 539-Professor Sellar's
Address, 541-suggestions by the Rev. John Stark, 542.
Stair, Earls of, review of Mr. Mackay's work on, and other works, 1
-Mr. Graham's work, 3-Mr. Story's, 3-education and early
career of the first Earl of Stair, 4-signs the Declaration in 1662,
but refuses to sign the Test in 1681, 7-his dismissal by James II.
and retirement to Holland, 8-accompanies the Prince of Orange to
England in 1688, 8-and is re-appointed President of the Court of
Session, 9-his son, Sir John Dalrymple, 10-is imprisoned in the
castle of Edinburgh, 11-is made Lord Advocate, 12-disgust of
the Presbyterians at his accession to office, 14-important services
rendered by him to William III. in establishing Presbyterianism in
Scotland, 16-the massacre of Glencoe, 20-how far Sir John Dal-
rymple was implicated in it, 21-dismissed from office by the King,
24 special letters of remission, 24-Lord Macaulay's view of his
guilt, 25-assists in the Treaty of Union of England and Scotland
in the reign of Queen Anne, 27-Mr. Mackay's strictures on parts
of Lord Macaulay's history, 28-the Earl of Stair as an author, 32
-superior to his son in legal acquirements, but not so great or so
remarkable a man, 33.

Suez Canal, the, review of books treating of, 250-probable motives
leading to the purchase of the Khedive's shares therein, 251-mode
of the purchase, 251-its precipitancy, 253-Parliament should have
been called together, 253-impolicy of Government holding shares
in any joint-stock company or commercial enterprise, especially a
foreign one, 254-signal service rendered to the French shareholders
by the purchase, 256-how the shares therein were distributed on
July 1st, 1875, 257-leading features in the original Act of Conces-
sion of the Suez Canal, 258-cost of its construction down to the
end of 1874, 259-the 'consolidation of interest,' 259 note-ruinous
terms enforced on the Khedive, 260-annual charges on the Com-
pany for 1874, 261-the statutes of the Company, 262-as to the
division of profits, 263-as to the management, 264-amount of
shipping using the Canal, and the flags under which they sailed, 265
note-enormous expense of keeping the Canal in a working state,

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265-the system of measuring a ship's tonnage, 266-high hand
with which M. de Lesseps carried out his views, 268—our newly-
purchased shares give us very small voice in the management, 269—
and an uncertain hold on the Khedive, 270-the political advantages
gained by the purchase of small account, 272-what use could we
make of the Canal in time of war? 277.


Telegraphs, Post-Office, review of Reports treating of, 177-necessity of
inquiry into the Government system of purchasing and working the
telegraphs, 177-the Act of 1868, 178-recklessness in the conduct
of the negotiations for purchase of Telegraphs by Government, 180
--untrustworthy estimates of working expenses and profits, 181-the
Post-Office scandal of 1873, 182-inaccuracy of the Telegraph
accounts, 183-suggestions of the Committee of Inquiry, 185-unfair
concession made to the Newspaper Press, 186-Mr. Weaver and his
propositions, 187.

Thirlwall, Connop, D.D., Bishop of St. David's, review of his 'Charges,'
1842 to 1872, 281-his early life, 283-his career at Cambridge, 286
-his translation of the Introduction to Schleiermacher's St. Luke,'
287-his views on Inspiration of the Scriptures, 290-his connexion
with Mr. John Stuart Mill, 291-his translation of Niebuhr's 'History
' of Rome,' 292-his 'History of Greece,' 294-his theological labours,
298 his preferment to the Bishopric of St. David's, 300-his Epis
copal Charges, 301-his views respecting the Tractarian party, 305
-on the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 306-the Public Worship
Bill, 307-Ritualism, 307-the Gorham controversy, 309-the Atha-
nasian Creed, 310-his action with regard to 'Essays and Reviews,'
Dr. Williams, and Bishop Colenso, 311- Supernatural Religion'
wrongly attributed to his pen, 315-his views on the Broad Church,
the High Church, and the Low Church, 315.


Wagner Richard, Herr, and the modern theory of music, review of
books treating of, 141-music now almost more a science than an
art, 143-Herr Wagner formerly depreciated, 143-Ritter's lectures
on the History of Music,' 146-Gluck the direct precursor of Wag-
ner, 147—what Wagner essays to represent, 149-his ideal theory as
worked out in his 'Tannhäuser,' 'Lohengrin,' and 'Tristan und Isolde,'
154 his contempt for rhythm, 158-sketch of his Tristan und
'Isolde,' 160-his libretto mere doggerel, 163-his projected opera
'Der Ring des Nibelungen,' 165-his mannerism and trick, 166
-Beethoven and his detractors, 169-his symphonics, 171-his
superiority as a composer to Wagner, 175.

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