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ARRO-
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If a wise må wel warned, aduisedly will way the sentence, he equiponderant, that my impatience to try the event of my first ARRO shall find the hole boke nothing els, but falshed vnder pretext of performance will not suffer me to attend any longer to the trepi- GATE playnesse, crueltie vnder the cloke of pietie, sedicið vnder the dations of the balance.

Rambler, No. 1. colour of counsayl, proud arrogancie vnder ye name of suppli

Arrogance is always offersive; because in demanding more ARROW, cacion.

than its due (for this meaning appears in the etymology of the Sir Thos. More's Workes, fol. 290. c. 1.

word) it manifests a petulant and injurious disposition, that disArrogant is lie that thinketh that he hath those bountees in him,

dains to be controlled by good breeding or any other restraint.
that he hath not, or weneth that he shulde have hem by his de-

Beattie's Moral Science.
serving, or elles that demeth that he be that he is not.
Chaucer. T'he Persones Tale, v. ii. p. 312.

ARROO, or ARRAU ISLES. See ARRU.
Which for none other purpose exalt eche of the for their pare in the gallery of the great duke of Florence.

ARROTINO, L', in Sculpture, is a celebrated statue the dignitie of their own apostle, but because themselfes would be

It rehad in greater estimacion, indging in this enen as foolishly of presents an old man resting upon one knec, and theselt, as of them in whose behalfe they doe arroguntly bragge whetting a knife upon a stone, with his head in an atand crake.

titude of listening, as if cautious not to be observed. Udull. 1 Corin. c. 4.

The head and hair of this statue have been much To be assured of our saluation, S. Augustine saithe, it is no ar.

admired. rogante stoutenesse : it is our faith, it is no pride : it is deuotion,

A'RROW, it is no presumption : it is Goddes promisse.

A.S. arwe, from Ger. arwian, to preJewel's Defence of the Apologie. A'rrowy. Where shall the blood of those millions of souls, which mis- prepared for battle. Skinner. carried through this arrogant usurpation, be required, but at those Applied to any material. hands, who would rather chuse the world should perish, than Prepared, dressed, to be shot from a bow. their crest should fall ?

Bp. Hall's Peace Maker.

Myd arwen & myd quareles so muche folk first me slow,

And sebþe with speres smyton a doun, þat deol was ynow.
Pride liath no other glasse

R. Gloucester, p. 48.
To show itselfe, but pride : for supple knees

A shefe of peacock arwes bright and kene
Feede arrogance, and are the proud man's fees.

Under his belt he bare ful thriftily.
Shakespeare's Troylus and Cressida, fol. 92.

Wel coude he dresse his takel yemanly.
Had we not good warrant for so high a challenge, it could be

His arwes drouped not with fetheres lowe,
no less than a blasphemous arrogance, to lay claim to the royal

And in his hond be bare a mighty bowe.
blood of heaven.

Chaucer. The Prologue, vi. p. 5.
Bp. Hall's Christ Mystical.

And ten broad arrowes held he there
According to Chrysostome, the sequel of riches is pride, riot,

Of which fue in his hond were
intemperance, arrogancy, fury, and all irrational courses.

But they were shauen well and dight
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy.

Nocked and fethered a right.
To exclude all power of deniall, seemes an arrogancy, least of And this (bow) bent he close laid downe and bad lis souldiers

Id. Romant of the Rose, fol. 120. c. 3.
all becomming those who pretend to make their addresses in an

hold
humble and loyall way of petitioning.

Their shells before him ; lest the Greekes (discerning him)
Eikon Basilike.

shulde rise
Not seeing humility and self denyal, and acknowledgement of In tumults, ere the Spartan king could be his arrowes prize.
their own unworthiness of such things as they aimed at, nor mor-

Meane space, with all his care he chus’d, and from his quiver tification, not of the body (for that's sufficiently insisted upon) but

drew of the more spiritual arrogative life of the soul, that subtill ascrib

An arrow, fethered best for flight, and yet that never flew;
ing that to ourselves that is God's, for all is God's.

Strong beaded and most apt to pierce ; then tooke be up his bow,
Notes annexed to Mure's Poems.

And nockt his shaft; the ground whence all their future griefe
The particulars of this new arrogation of Rome are so many, that
they cannot be pent up in a strait room. I only instance in some

Chapman's Homer's Iliad, book is.
few. The Pope's infallibility of judgment.

This, by the Greeks unseen, the warrier bends,
Hall's Polemical Works. Screen'd by the shields of his surrounding friends,
-Till one shall rise

There meditates the mark; and couching low,
Of proud ambitious heart, who not content

Fits the sharp arrow to the well-strung bow.
With fair equalitie, fraternal state,

One from a hundred feather'd deaths he chose,
Will arrogate dominion undeserv'd

Fated to wound, and cause of future woes.
Over his brethren, and quite dispossess

Pope's Homer's Iliad, book ir.
Concord and law of nature from the earth.

-My arrowes
Milton's Par. Lost, book xii.

Too slightly timbred for so loud a winde,
These the common people of wit blow up with their breath of Would haue reuerted to my bow againe,
praise, and honour with the sacred name of poets : to which, as I

And not where I had aim'd them. beliere, they can never have any just claime, so shall I not dare

Shakespeare's Hamlet, fol. 275. by this essay to lay any title, since more sweate and oyle he must This county, in fashion, is like a bended bowe, the sea making spend who shall arrogate so excellent attribute.

the back, the rivers Wolland and Humber the two horns thereof, Habington, The Author. while Trent hangeth down from the latter like a broken string, as

being somewhat the shortest : such persecute the metaphor 100 It had perhaps been easie enough for me to have arrogated more

much, who compare the river Witham (whose currant is crooked) to myself than was my due in the writing of this play.

into the arrow crossing the middle thereof.
Dryden's Pref. to Tempest.

Fuller's Worthies. Lincolnshire.
The half-lettered are forward, and arrogate to themselres what

For this day will pour down,
a modest studious man dares not, tho' he knows more.

If I conjecture aught, no drizling show'r,
Wollaston's Religion of Nature.

But ratling storm of arrows barb'd with fire.
Is it not monstrous arrogance for us, in derogation to his will,

Milton's Par. Lost, book vi.
to pretend giving law, or picking a station to ourselves.

Mean time the virgin-huntress was not slow
Barrow's Sermons.

T' expel the shaft from her contracted bow :
Whether my expectations are most fixed on pardon or praise, Beneath his ear the fastned arrow stood,
I think it not necessary to discover : for having accurately weighed And from the wound appear'd the trickling blood.
the reasons for arrogance and submission, I find them so nearly

Dryden's Fables.

did grow.

-As the feath'ry snows

By thee entrusted with supreme command, ARROW,

ARSENIC.
Fall frequent, on some wint'ry day, when Jove

When thou art absent, to Phaleron's port,
Hath ris'n to shed them on the race of man,

Late arsenal of Athens.
ARSE-

ARSON.
NAL.
And show his arrowy stores.

Glover's Athenaid, book iv.
Cowper's Iliad, book xü.

ARSENIC, is one of the brittle metals, and it is so
Arrow, in Alcester division, in the hundred of brittle, that it may be reduced to powder under the
Barlichway, county of Warwick, in the parish of hammer ; when struck, it exhales a powerful odour
Arrow, a Rectory valued in the King's Books at resembling garlick. Its fresh fracture is bluish grey
£10. 10s. 74d.; Patron, the Marquis of Hertford. to silver white, and brilliant ; but by exposure to the
The resident population of this hamlet, in 1801, was air it speedily tarnishes, and becomes black.
245. The money raised by the parish rates in 1803, It occurs chiefly in primitive rocks, not forming
was £345. 12s. 14d., at 6s. in the pound. It is l veins, but frequently accompanying other substances,
mile S. W. from Alcester.

particularly the ores of silver, lead, antimony, nickel,
ARROW-GRASS.
See TRIGLOCHIN,

and cobalt.
ARROW-HEAD.
See SAGITTARIA.

It is found in the metallic state, sometimes as an
ARROW-ROOT.
See MARANTA.

oxide, and frequently in combination with sulphur.
ARROWAUKS, ARUACS, or ARAUACS, are a This combination is known under the names of orpi-
distinct race of people who live on the Atlantic, be- ment and realgar.
tween the mouth of the Orinooko and Cape Nassau, Arsenic will combine with most of the metals, and
and are supposed to be the aborigines of the original communicates a white stain to copper when heated in
inhabitants of the West India islands. For an ac- contact with that metal; the oxide has an acrid taste,
count of their manners and institutions, see Edwards's and is highly poisonous. It is however sometimes
History of the West Indies, vol. i. 60. and Stedman's

used in medicine, in dying, and in the manufacture of
Narrative of a Voyage to Surinam.

glass.
ARRU, or ARRAU, (ARROO, Arou,) islands ; five Orpiment and realgar are used almost exclusively
small islands on the western coast of Papúa, or New as pigments; but in China, realgar is formed into ves-
Guinea. 7° S. lat. 135° E. long. They are principally sels for medical purposes : these are filled with some
remarkable as being the place where the birds of Pa-

vegetable acid, which, after remaining some time in
radise, (or mānuk dēwata's, i. e. divine birds,) are

them, is used as a remedy in certain diseases.
principally found. Some, if not all the species of Arsenic is capable of combining with oxygen in
that remarkable family, breed in Papúa, and migrate two different proportions; with the first it forms an
with the western monsoon to the Arrū Isles, where oxide, with the second an acid. In its acid state it
they remain during the whole of the dry season. Sago, combines with the metallic oxides, and produces arse-
the dried pulp of the Sagus, or Gomutus, Rumphii, niates; several of which occur naturally, and forin an
is the chief produce of these islands. The natives are interesting class of minerals. See CHEMISTRY and
negroes and quite uncivilized; they make frequent MINERALOGY.
incursions on their neighbours the Papúans. See For-

ARSENIC, in Pharmacy. The white oxide is directed
rest's Voyage to New Guinea. Valentyn's Oud en Nieuw by the London Pharmacopæia, to be sublimed, after
oost-Indiën. Buffon, Hist. des Oiseauč, ed. de Sonnini, which it is to be boiled with an equal weight of carbu-
p. 345, &c.

nate of potash, in order to form the liquor Arsenicalis, ARSACIDÆ, the name given to the kings of Par. Fowler's Solution, or the Tasteless Ague Drop. This thia, from Arsaces, the founder of the monarchy. solution, which contains one grain of arsenic in two Blair dates his death at 245 B. c. and his dynasty con- drams, is given in doses of a few drops in intermittent tinued till A. D. 229.

fevers, and in several eruptive diseases. Great caution
ARSANE, a town of Palestine, in which Asa king is necessary in the exhibition of so dangerous a remedy.
of Israel was buried, according to Josephus. Antiq. Arsenic has been used externally in cancer, lupus, &c.
viii. 6.

in form of an ointment. For an account of poison by
A'RSENAL, a word of unsettled etymology. Ju- arsenic, the reader is referred to art. Poison.
nius conjectures that it is contracted from the It. a

ARSHIN, the most common Russian measure of
navale. “ An armoury, a store-house of armour; artil- length=16 vershok=315 + Paris lines. It is also a
lery, shipping or ships.” Cotgrave.

Chinese measure, but 1 Chinese arshin=302 Paris
This L. Quintius, the only hope of the Romans, the man who lines. 3 arshins=l fathom, and 500 fathoms=1
was to set upright theire empire now distressed, occupied then a

verst.
piece of ground, to the quantitie of some foure acres, called to
this day Quintia prata, i. e. Quintius his meaddowes, on the other

A'RSON, saddle-bow, arçon de la selle. Fr. arci-
side of the Tyber, over against that very place where now the one. It. Barb. Lat. arcio. Thus traced by Menage,
arsenall and ship dockes are, and there was hee found digging a arcus, arcuus, arcuo, arcyo, arcio, arcione, arçon,
ditch, and bearing hard on his spade, or else a plowing the ground,
I wote not whether, but busie and earnest about some rusticall

Between the saddle and the arsoun,
worke, no doubt he was.

Holland's Livy.

The stroke of that felon glode adown,
Thence to the famous orators repair,

Withouten wem or wound.
Those ancients, whose resistless cloquence

Guy of Warwick, in Ellis, v. ii. p. 81.
Wielded at will that fierce democratie,
Shook the arsenal and fulmin'd over Greece

Arson, in Law, from ardeo, I burn ; signifies the
To Macedon, and Artaxerxes' throne.

act of wilfully setting fire to a house or other pro-
Milton's Par. Reg. book iv.

perty, belonging to others. If the house be a man's
His wise providence hath made one country the granery, ano-
ther the cellar, another the orchard, another the arsenal of their own, the act is not felony, and punishable with death,
neighbours, yea, of the remotest parts.

but only a great misdemeanor, and punishable by fine,
Bp. Hall. Quo Vudis ? A Censure of Travel. imprisonment, or pillory.

ce

arzon.

ART.

ART.

ART,

some round, some square : that it was the rarest thing to behold
A'RTFUL,
Lat. ars. ano ons apetys. Apern that eye could discern, or that ever books could mention.

North's Plutarch.
A'RTFULLY, proprie sit fortitudo; manly
A'RTFULNESS,
strength or skill.

Studious they appear

Of arts that polish life, inventers rare,
A'rtisan,
Power, ability, skill, science,

Unmindful of their maker, though his Spirit
A'rtist,
cunning.

Taught thein, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none.
A'RTLESS,
ARTIFICE is now commonly

Millon's Par. Lost, book xi.
A'RTLESSLY, applied where deception is in-

And Plato, in his Theatetus, noteth weil, “ That particulars
ARTIFICE, tended. And

are infinite, and the higher generalities give no suficient direcARTI'FICER, ARTful where an evil design tion; and that the pith of all sciences, which maketh the artsmen ARTIFICIAL, is imputed.

differ from the inexpert, is in the middle propositions, which in Arti'fiCIALLY.

every particular knowledge are taken from tradition and expe

rience."
Of arte he had be maistrie, he mad a coruen kyng

Bacon. Of Learning.
In Cantebrige to be clergie, or his broßer were king.

This, my lord, is the duchess Bianca, a wond'rous sweet pic-
Siben was neuer non of arte so þat sped,

ture, if you will observe with what singularity the artsman hath Ne bifore bot on, þat in Cantebrigge red.

strove to set forth each limb in exquisitest proportion, not missing
R. Brunne, p. 336.
a hare.

Ford's Love's Sacriấce.
In felawship wel coude she laughe and carpe

In the unity of time you find them so scrupulous, that it yet
Of remedies of love she knew parchance,
For of that arte she coude the olde dance.

remains a dispute among their poets, whether the artificial day Chaucer. The Prologue, v. i. p. 20.

of twelve hours more or less, be not meant by Aristotle, rather

than the natural one of twenty-four.
Of hem that ben artificers,

Dryden's Essay on Dramatick Poesie.
Whiche vsen craftes and misters,
Whose arte is cleped mechanike.

But till some genius as universal as Aristotle, shall arise, who
Gower. Con. A. book vii. can penetrate into all arts and sciences, without the practice of

them, I shall think it reasonable that the judgment of an artificet And as ye see a tling made by artifice perishe, and a naturall

in his own art, should be preferrable to the opinion of another man. thing lost : I am in great feare, that after my death, he will tourne

Dryden's Pref. 10 All for Lore, that way that his mother hath childed him, and not as I haue nourished him.

The Golden Booke.

Though an author's natural parts may make his book abound

with wit, vet without the help of art, he will scarce make it free So that the capitayn named Zaunqun was slayne with many from faults. other, to the nombre of xviiiM. & aboue, as wytnessyth yo

Boyle's Occasional Reflections. Frenshe boke, ouer many whiche were there taken prysoners of

For though he were too artful a writer to set down events in poore men and artyficers, for the multitude of ye gentylmen were vpon the erlys partie.

Fabyan

exact historical order, for which Lucan is justly blam'd; yet are

all the most considerable affairs and persons of Rome compriz'd The mindes of the faithful shal be more refreshed, & filled we

in this poem.

Dryden's Life of Virgil. this holsome foode, thus ministred by a simple person, then if yo stipersticiouse Pharisey, the arrogant philosophier, or eloquent his colours, as exactly to imitate or counterfeit the native ones of

The art of the most skilful painter cannot so mingle and temper rhetorician, would for the aduauncyng and setting forthe of the

the flowers of vegetables.
selfes make vnto the people an artificial oracion or sermon, whicle
they had diligently studied, & long time prouided for aforehand.

Ray on the Creation.
Udall. Mark, c. 6. These, and such as these, are the hopes of hypocrites, which
The sayde authour sayth also that the aforesaide Rosamond had

Job elegantly compares to the spider's web, finely and artificially a little coffer scarcely two foote long, merueylous artificially

wrought, but miserably thin and weak. wrought, which is yet (sayth he) to be seene there, wherein

T'illotson's Sermons. gyauntes seeme to fight, beastes do startle and stirre, and fowles If workmen become scarce, the manufacturer gives higher wages, fiyng in the ayre, and fishes swim in the water, without any but at first requires an encrease of labour; and this is willingly mannes mouyng or helpe.

Grafton, v. i.

submitted to by the artisan, who can now eat and drink better, I maruelle mutche, that M. Harding being so great an artificer to compensate his additional toil and fatigue. in so small cases, had no better eie to his owne entrie.

Hume's Essays. Of Money. Jewel's Defence of the Apologie. An artful pope would certainly be glad to furnish a young king Adrine, the emperor, mortally envied poets, and painters, and with artists who would encourage him in raising shrines and artificers in works, wherein he had a vein to excel.

temples.
Bacon's Essay on Envy.

Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting.
-The broad circumference

No: we are polish'd now! the rural lass,
Hung on his shoulders like the moon, whose orb

Whom once her virgin modesty and grace,
Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views

Her artless manners, and her neat attire,
At ev'ning froin the top of Fesole,

So dignified, that she was hardly less
Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,

Then the fair shepherdess of old romance,
Rivers, or mountains, in her spotty globe.'

Is seen no more.

Cowper's Task.
Milton's Par. Lost, book i. Another vice of age, by which the rising generation may be
Standing on slippers, which his nimble haste

alienated from it, is severity and censoriousness, that gives no
Had falsely thrust vpon contrary feete,

allowance to the failings of early life, that expects artfulness from Told of a many thousand warlike French,

childhood, and constancy from youth, that is peremptory in every That were embattiled, and rank'd in Kent.

command, and inexorable to every failure.
Another leane, vnwash'd artificer

The Rambler.
Cuts off his tale, and talks of Arthur's death.

Who, satisfied with only pencil'd scenes,
Shakespeare's King John, fol. 16.

Prefer to the performance of a God
For the Ergane (that is to say, Minerva,) all artisans and arti-

Th' inferior wonders of an artist's hand ? ficers acknowledge and honour their patronesse, and not fortune.

Cowper's Poems.
Holland's Plutarch's Morals, fol. 191.

They were plain artless men, without the least appearance of But amongst all other things, he most wondered at the infinite enthusiasm or credulity about them, and rather slow than forward number of lights and torches hanged on the top of the house, giy- to believe any thing extraordinary and out of the common course ing light in every place, so artificially set and ordered by devices, of nature.

Porteus's Lectures.

ART. The seducer flattered himself that our Saviour, indignant at the of Nero. Its ruins are shewn at a place called Ard- ARTE.

doubts which he artfully expressed of his being the son of God, achat. ARTAX- would be eager to give him, and all the multitude that beheld

ARTERY.

ARTE, the adjective artus, says Vossius, denotes ATA. them, a most convincing proof that he was so.

Porteus's Lectures. the same as angustus, i. e. narrow.

To narrow, to constrain, to force.
He who works from imagination--that is, he who culls from
nature the most beautiful parts of her productions-a distance

And ouer all this, full mokel more he thought
here, and there a fore ground, combines them artificially.

What for to speke, and what to holden inne
Gilpin's T'our to the Lakes.

And what to arten, her to loue he sought
Thus dream they, and contrive to save a God

And on a song anune right to beginne.
Th’incumbrance of his own concerns, and spare

Chaucer. Troilus, book i. fol. 154. c. 2.
The great artificer of all that moves,

When I was yong at XVIII year of age
The stress of a continual act, the pain

Lusty and light desirous of pleaseaunce
Of unremitted vigilance and care,

Approaching on full sad and ripe courage
As too laborious and severe a task.

Loue arted mee to doe my obseruaunce
Cowper's Task.

To his estate.

Id. The Court of Loue, fol. 348 c. 4.
Oft to the beech's deep-embowering shade
Pensive and sad this hapless shepherd stray'd;

ARTEDIA, in Botany, a genus of umbelliferous
There told in artless verse his tender pain

plants, consisting of a single species, a native of the
To echoing hills and groves, but all in vain.

Levant.
Beattie's Virgil, past. ii.

ARTEMISIA, in Botany, a genus of plants, class
Rise, sons of harmony, and hail the morn,

Syngenesia, order Polygamia Superflua.
While warbling larks on russet pinions float.
Or seek at noon the woodland scenes remote,

Generic character. Receptacle naked or subvillous;
Where the gay linnets carol from the hill.

pappus none; calyx imbricate, with rounded connivent
O let them ne'er with artificial note,

scales; florets of the ray wanting.
To please a tyrant, strain the little bill,

The following are the most important species of
But sing what Heaven inspires, and wonder where they will.

Beattie's Minstrel.

this genus: Most arts require long study and application; but the most

A. Absinthium, Common Wormwood, leaves multiuseful art of all, that of pleasing, requires only the desire.

partite, hoary; flowers hemispherical, pendulous; re

Chesterfield's Marims. ceptacle hairy. Art can never give the rules that make an art. This is, I be- This well known plant has been employed in medilieve, the reason why artists in general, and poets principally, cine for its bitter qualities, which reside chiefly in its have been confined in so narrow a circle.

essential oil. The subcarbonate of potash was forBurke, on the Sublime and Beautiful.

merly obtained from its ashes, whence the old name If I was a philosopher, says Montaigne, I would naturalise art,

of salt of wormwood. instead of artilising nature. The expression is odd, but the sense is good.

A. Abrotanum, or Southernwood, is commonly cul

Bolingbroke's Works. tivated in gardens ; it is a native of the south of ARTAor Lartatown of European Turkey, in Europe. The A. Maritima, and A. Gallica, (Sea Albania ; the see of a Greek archbishop, near a gulph Wormwood,) were formerly

used for the same purto which it gives its name. The inhabitants, who are

poses as the A. Absinthium. The seeds of the A. Sanmostly Christians, are supposed to be about 7000. N. tonica, or Wormseed, have long been a popular remedy

for worms. Lat. 39° 28'. E. Long. 21° 20'. This town is remarkable for its cathedral, built by Michael Ducas Com

This plant is a native of Tartary and Siberia, and neno, Emperor of Constantinople, which is said to

the seeds are brought from the Levant. have as many windows as there are days in the year ; tory of Eubea, on the northern side of the island,

ARTEMISIUM, in Ancient Geography, a promonit is supported by above 200 marble pillars.

Arta, a district of Albania, of which the chief which is famous for the great naval victory gained by town is on the shore of the lonian sea. It is the the Grecians over Xerxes. site of the ancient Ambracia. Its population has been

Αρτηρια, spiritus semita ; απο τα τον

ARTERIAL. estimated at 20,000 souls. It is placed near a river

αερα τηρείν. . of the same name, anciently Arachtus, in a fine and

-Vniuersall plodding, poysons vp fertile country. Its trade consists principally in grain,

The nimble spirits in the arteries : wood, oil, tobacco, wool, and cotton. Vaudoncourt.

As motion and long during action tyres

The sinnowy vigour of the trauailer.
Dr. Holland's Trav. in Albania.

Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost, fol. 135.
ARTABA, an ancient measure of capacity, used by

As for the bone, or rather induration of the roots of the arterial
the Egyptians and Persians. The Persian artaba, ac- vein, and great artery, which is thought to be found onely in the
cording to Herodotus, was bigger than the Athenian heart of an old deer, and therefore becomes more precious in its
medimnus, by three chenixes; from which it would rarity, it is often found in deer, much under thirty.
appear to have contained about 166lbs. of wine or

Brown's Vulgar Errors. water, and 126lbs. of wheat. The Egyptian artaba

He struggles, and he tears my aged trunk was less than the Attic medimnus, and held about

With holy fury, my old arteries burst.

Dryden's Edipus. 133 pounds of water, and about 100lbs. of wheat.

The purple mazes of the veins display'd, ARTAXATA, in Ancient Geography, the capital of And all th' arterial pipes in order laid; Armenia, and the residence of the Armenian kings. What gave the bounding current to the blood, It was situated on an elbow of the river Araxes, and And to and fro convey'd the restless flood.

Blackmore's Creation, was considered so strong, that Lucullus, after the defeat of Tigranes, thought it useless to besiege it. At For further explanation of this word, see Anaa subsequent period it was called Neronia, in honour TOMY.

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AR- ARTHINGWORTH, in the hundred of Rothwell, Lady Kent articled with Sir Edward Herbert, that he shonld

ARTICL THING

county of Northampton ; a Rectory valued in the come to her when she sent for him, and stay with her as long as WORTH.

she would have him, to which he set his hand; then he articled King's Books at £12. 2s. d.; Patron, T. Rokeby, with her, that he should go away when he pleased, and stay away ARTICLE. Esq. The resident population of this parish in 1801, as long as he pleased, to which she set her hand. was 207. The money raised by the parish rates in

Sclden's Table Talk.
1803, was £235. 188. 4d., at 38. 2d. in the pound. It A minister should preach according to the articles of religion
is 8 miles W.N. W. from Kettering, and 41 miles S. established in the church where he is.
by E. from Market Harborough, in the county of

Selden's Table Talk.
Leicester.

Of whom (excepting Antiochus himselfe, with whom Scipio had
ARTHRITICAL. Apopitis, pain or disease in the articled peace and alliance, and yee also had expressely given order

therfore) they all were our enemies no doubt, who had born arms joints ; from apopov, a joint.

against us in the quarrell and behalfe of the said Antiochus. Tho' some want bones, and all extended articulations, yet have

Holland's Liry. they arthritical analogies; and by the motion of fibrous and mus- The hint and ground of this opinion might be the gross and culous parts, are able to make progression.

somewhat cylindrical composure of the legs, the equality, and less

Brown's Vulgar Errors. perceptible disposure of the joints, especially in the former legs of Oh may I live exempted (while I live

this animal (the elephant) they apearing when he standeth, like Guiltless of pamper'd appetite obscene)

pillars of flesh, without any evidence of articulation.
From pangs arthritic, that infest the toe

Brown's Vulgar Errors.
Of libertine excess.

Cowper's T'ask.

The first at least of these I thought deni'd
Unhappy! whom to beds of pain,

To beasts, whom God on their creation-day
Arthritic tyranny consigns ;

Created mute to all articulat sound.
Whom smiling nature courts in vain,

Milton's Par. Lost, book is.
Though rapture sings and beauty shines.

If a man only speak articulately words of voluntary formation

Johnson's Ode un Spring. and arbitary imposition ; yet even brutes have such natural lan-
ARTHRITIS, in Physic, a name of the gout. In guage, as whereby each of the same kind do mutually understand

Bp. Hall. St. Paul's Combat.
the Materia Medica, medicines that are useful in the
gout, or other diseases in the joints, are called arth- got a lease of 90 years for his life, and so has his articulate lady,

This (Sir George Villers) predecessor the Earl of Somerset hath
ritical.

called so, for articling against the frigidity and impotence of hier ARTHRODYNIA, (from äpopov, a joint, and bôúvn, former lord.

Howell's Letters. pain,) in Medicine, chronic pains in the joints, without Since au echo will speak without any mouth at all articulately pyresia, chronic rheumatism, or chronic gout.

returning the voice of man, by only ordering the vocal spirit in ARTHROPODIUM, in Botany, a genus of lilia

concave and hollow places; whether the musculous and motire

parts about the hollow mouths of beasts, may not dispose the passceous plants, inhabiting New South Wales.

ing spirit into some articulale notes, seems a querie of no great
ARTHURET, or Arthur's HEAD, in Eskdale doubt.

Brown's Vulgar Errurs.
Ward, county of Cumberland, in the parish of Ar-

If a good man be passing by an infirm building, just in the
thuret; a Rectory valued in the King's Books at article of falling, can it be expected, that God should suspend the
£2. ; Patron, Sir James Graham, Bart. It is li mile force of gravitation till he is gone by, in order to his deliverance ?

Wollaston's Religion of Nature.
S. from Longtown. The Vicarage of Arthuret is
valued in the King's Books at £i. 2s. Id. This Some again have searched, and obtained satisfaction, they say,
parish includes the English part of the Debatable concerning every article of morals ; but will not concern them-

selves about religion.

Secker's Sermons.
Lands.
ARTICHOKE. See CYNARA.

Another indenture of 1338, for glazing some of the west win

dows, articles, that the workmen should have six-pence a foot for ARTICHOKE, JERUSALEM. See HELIANTHUS.

white glass, and twelve-pence for coloured.
A'RTICLE, v. Articulus, a small joint, from

Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting.
ARTICLE, n. artus, a joint. As artus is ap-

They must be put into his (the catechist's) hands the moment
Arti'CULATE, v. plied to greater members, as the they are capable of articulating their vords, and their instruction
ARTICULATE, adj. arms ; so articulus, to the less, as must be pursued with unremitting diligence.
ARTICULATELY, the fingers.

Porteus on the Civilization of Negro Slares.
ARTICULA'Tion. To set forth the separate par-

For the general history of the article, the reader
ticulars of a whole ; to state separately the terms or may refer to the Treatise upon GRAMMAR.
conditions.

ARTICLE, (Lat. Articulus. Gr. úpopov, ' a joint.') A
To articulate, is to utter or emit distinctly, disjoined, part of speech which has been the subject of much discus-
separate sounds.

sion, amongst those who have written on the construcSo that for these iniuryes and many moo, whiche at the tyme of tion of the Greek language, of which alone we shall his deposynge, were ariyculed agayne hymn in .xxxviii. sundry here treat. The Stoics defined the article to be “a artycles, with also the rumour that ranne vpon hym that he had part of speech, distinguishing the genders and numletten to ferme the reuenuse of ye crowne to Busshey, Bogot, &

bers of nouns,” the futility of which definition is Grene, whiche cawsyd as well ye noblemen of y® realme to grudge exposed by Apollonius Dyscolus, who has written the agayn hym as other of the comon people.

Fabyan.

first of his four books qepi ouvtáčews on the nature and To make new articles of our faith contrary to God's worde (and

use of the ar

le. The definition which Aristotle has
to set them in their prophane seculare actes of politik parlements given (A. P. 20.), is not very intelligible, even with
armed withe swerde and fier) is not els then to be exalted aboue Mr. Hermann's explanation. The most philosophical
God himself.

The Exposycions of Daniel by Joye. and probable account is that, which has been so ably
She her throne makes reason climbe,

illustrated by the learned Bishop Middleton ; viz. that
While wild passions captive lie :
And, each article of time,

the Greek article is neither more nor less than the
Her pure thoughts to heaven flie.

demonstrative or relative pronoun (for both were origiHabington. Description of Castara. nally the same). The article, together with its

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