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EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT

Pattison, 435.' Dr. Wm. T. Harris Re-ap. July-Superintendent Waller, 35. Educational pointed, 436. National Association at Asbury CongressState Appropriation, 36. To Read Park, 437. Statistics of the United States — ers of The Pennsylvania School Journat, 36. “What Hath God Wrought," 439. Spring Lower Merion Township: Ex-State Supt. Arbor Day, 441. Colonial Times, 442. Darby Hickok, 37. University Extension : Summer Borough, 443. Farmer and the Farm: EduMeeting at University of Pennsylvania, 38.

cation of the Farmer's Sons and Daughters August-A Good Law-Exhibit by Dr. War

444. Sloyd in Pittsburg–Vaccination in the ren at the Fair- Not "the Oldest''- Recep

Public Schools, 447. Kansas Leads,” 448. tion to Prof. Robert M. Cargo, 86. Dr. Theo.

Business Methods, 449. The Right Man: B. Noss-Advice from a Lady at Chicago, 87.

Good Fortune of Phila. High School, 449. “Death's Crown,''-Now or Never: The Co

May-Editorial Notes, 488. Programme of lumbian Exposition-Auxiliary Supervision

State Teachers' Association, 492. High of Schools, 88. Township High Schools, 89.

School Commencements, 493. The Good September-Good on All Lines, 127. Promotion

Work Goes On, 494. Public Sehools, 495. Without Examination School Legislation, The Modest Hero, 496. Exhibition of School 129. Does the Superintendent Earn His Sal.

Work at State Meeting, 497. New Science ary? 130. House for the Teacher-Success in

Hall—"Fiat Money," 498. Nineteenth ArTeaching, 131. Elementary Instruction, 132.

bor Day at Lancaster : Addresses of Dr. J. T. Decency and Good Morals, 133. Upright

Rothrock and State Supt. Schaeffer, 499. Penmanship-Training of the Hand, 134.

JuneThe Human Eye-Summer Schools, 544. Dawn of a New Age, 135. Congress of Educa

Dr. Higbee's Teubner Classics- College Outtion, 136.

rages, 545. Delaware Boundary, 546. The October-Autumn Arbor Day: Official Circular, State Association, 547. A Country Education, 173. School Arbor Day, 174. Our Subscrip

548. National Meeting at Asbury Park, Protion List, 175. Class in Reading, 176. gramme, 549. New School Boards, 550. Good Wilkes-Barre, 177. Ends of Teaching, 178. News from Iowa, 551. Cultivate the Memory, Mercersburg College : Dr. E. E. Higbee, 179.

552. New Seminary Bnilding-Gettysburg, Teachers at the Fair, 180.

553. Committee of Ten : Suggestions, 554. November-Statistics of Public Schools of Educational Exhibit at the World's Fair, 51.

Pennsylvania, Erie, Titusville and Edinboro, Educational Interest of the Commonwealth.220. School Outhouses : Circular of Co. Supt. Sixtieth Annual Report of the Superintendent Taylor, 221. Educational Exhibits at World's of Public Instruction of the State of PennsylFair, 222. Prof. Josiah Jackson, 223. The vania: Certificates of College GraduatesGood Ship “Welcome,'' 224. Fall Arbor Day, Graduation in Public Schools-Free Text etc., 225.

Books—The Five Millions-State Normal December - The Study of Children-Teachers at Schools--Dying Teachers-Holidays-ContinWorld's Fair, 257. Two Venerable Men, 258. uous School Year-Nathan C. Schaeffer, 281. School Outhouses, 258. The County Institute, Educational Values, True Standard of, 327. 260. Should School Examinations be Abol. Education of Girls–M. V. E. Cabell, 210. ished ? 261. “By Their Fruits'': The Men Edward Thring, 169. Who Were Made Under the Old Regime, 262. Elections in School Houses, 307. Provisional Certificates, 263. Personal Inter Electrical Wonderland, 76. est-Growth of Children, 266. Commercial Electric Roads, 100. High School, 268.

Elementary Instruction, 132.
January-Get Back to First Principles-Wed Emerson on Heroism, 465.

ding Bells, 304. Rural Schools - Classical England's Greatest Schoolmaster, 141.
Studies, 305. Young Teachefs-Hazleton Ends of Teaching - Bishop Keane, 178.
High School-Superannuated Teachers, 306. Examinations, Where They Fail, 171.
Elections in School Houses, 307. Convention Eye, The-George Wilson, 540.
of Superintendents, 308. Teachers' Institutes,

Fall Arbor Day, 225.
309. Alexander Ramsey, 310. Our Forestry
Interest, 311. “Article X.-Education :" Its

Famine of the Soul-George W. Briggs, 333.

Farmer and the Farm-Editorial, 444. Evolution in Our State Constitution of 1873,

Ferris Wheel, The, 8o. 313. Cigarette Smoking-School Boys'

“Fiat Money,” 498. League, 315.

First Ideas : Immense Stock in Early Years, 202. February-Editorial Notes, 347. College Grad.

Forest Fires in Pennsylvania, Destruction by : uates, 349. The Golden Egg, 351. The University of the State of New York, 352. “Over

Bulletin No. 22, Pennsylvania State College thrift,” 353. Directors' Institute, 354. Co

Agricultural Station- Wm. A. Buckhout, 419.

Forestry in United States, 251. lumbian Stamps, 356. Reading the Bible, 357.

Four Outlines: Better than Gold, 482. School Outhouses : Law of State of New York, 357. Modified Foot-Ball, 358. State School

From Fourteen to Twenty, 298. Funds: Proper Distribution of State Appro Girls, Education of-M. V. E. Cabell, 210. priation, 361.

Good Night (Music), 234. March-Our Free List-Philadelphia Schools Good Ship Welcome, 224.

and the Appropriation-Pennsylvania Ranks Grace and Truth-David Swing, 236. Thirteenth Among the States, 414. State Meet Grammar of Life-B. F. Taylor, 291. ingin July-Childhood Impressions, 415. Our Grammar School Course-). M. Coughlin, 409. Colleges—The Altoona Meeting, 416. The Ground Plan of a Rural School House (IllusGoddess Educa, etc., 417.

trated)-). W. Leech, 472. April- Arbor Day Proclamation of Governor | Growth of Children, 266.

Half an Hour with Plato, 206.
Hand, The-George Wilson, 97.
Happiest Life Spent for Others-Parochial

School Question--Color of School Room Walls

-Prizes for Spelling-A Little Science, 189.

Henry Ward Beecher on Heredity, 515.

Heroism-R. W. Emerson, 465.

High School Commencements, 493.

High Schools in Boroughs, 274.

High School, Place of-E. T. Jeffers, 393.

Holidays : Spiritual and Physical Benefit-M.

E. Sangster, 33.

Home Library, 527.

How Old is the Earth ? 474.

How to Read a Book, 165.

How the Young are Decoyed, 166.

Huxley, Thoughts from, 300.

Importance of the Class in Reading, 176.

"Inasmuch :" High School Helping Hand, 252.

Interesting Exercises, 98.

Items from Reports, 46, 138, 184, 229, 267, 321,

366, 434, 504, 558.

Jobo Milton as Educator- Phillips Brooks, 214.

Jolly Old Saint Nicholas (Song), 280.

Jones's Dream : “Record as Director," 331.

Josiah Jackson, 223.

Joy the Root of Morality-Edwin Arnold, 518.

Keeping up with Children, 157.

Lack of Education, 519.

Late at School, 255.

Latitude and Longitude, 289.

Lazy Boy, The, 250.

Lead Them to Think, 168.

Lesson on the Pansy, 99.

Lessons in Courtesy, 172.

Let Him First Be a Man-W. H. Venable, 533.

Letter of Pope Leo XIII., 219.

Letter Writing : Neglected in Schools, 474.

Lighting of School Rooms-A. P. Marble, 480.

Like a Dream : The White City, 124.

Lindley Murray, 290.

Little Things, 372.

Lonely Little Girl, 107.

Looking Upon the Unseen, 202.

Man and His Works, 64.

Man or Monkey, 519.

Medical Profession, The-David Swing, 337.

Memoranda of General Armstrong, 530.

Mercersburg College, 179.

Midway Plaisance, 15.

Minutes, The (Poem), 5 19.

Modified Foot Ball, 358.

Mollie Pitcher-Benj. M. Nead, 343.
Morning Exercises : “I Forgot It,' etc., 340.
MUSIC PAGES: “The Old Cottage Clock," and

"Up the Hills,” 48; “Speak Gently'W.V.
Wallace, 94 ;. “Do They Think of Me at
Home?'' --C.' W. Glover, 140; Robin Red-
breast: “Good-bye, Good-bye to Summer,
187; “Good Night,” and “The Better Wish,”
234; “Jolly Old Saint Nicholas," 280; “Beu-
lah Land," and "All Hail the Power,'' 32 6;

"Try, Try Again," and "Little Things," 372;

“Twickenham Ferry''-Theo. Marzials, 510;

“Pleasure Climbs to Every Mountain,” 562.
Music Well Taught: Training Colleges in Eng-

land and Wales, 330.
New Peril to Children, 159.
Nineteenth Arbor Day, 499.
Notes From My Journal-C. F. Menninger, 213.

OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT.-Recent Legislation :
Relating to County Superintendents-Free
Text-Books for Schools-Permanent Certifi-
cates to College Graduates-Salaries of County
Superintendents-Appropriations to the State
Normal Schools-Suitable and Convenient
Outhouses in Interest of Decency- Children
of Soldiers-Auditors in Independent Dis-
tricts—School Accommodations—Tax Col-
lectors-Compulsory Education : Text of Bill
and Veto Message-New Dog Tax Law-
Items from Reports, 39. Borough Superinten-
dents Elected-Questions and Answers : De-
cision as to Free Text-Books and School Sup-
plies-Labor Day-State Trustee-Superin-
tendents' Salaries : Opinion of Attorney Gen-
eral Hensel-Paying School Directors: Bill
Vetoed-Items from Reports, 90. Annual
Session of County Teachers' Institutes-Care
of Free Text-Books-Itenis from Monthly Re-
ports, 137. College Graduate Certificates-
State Appropriation--County Institutes- Chil-
dren of Soldiers-Items from Reports, 182.
Legal Half Holidays Not School Holidays
Certificates to College Graduates : Conditions
on Which Granted by the Department-Opin-
ion of Attorney-General Hensel - Items from
Reports, 227. Snperintendent Elected-Ques-
tions and Answers-High Schools, Borough-
Permanent Certificates-Items from Reports,
269. Superintendent Elected-College Grad-
uate Certificates- Legal Decision as to Water
Tax-Relation of the High School to the Col-
lege in Pennsylvania-Items from Reports,
316. Free Text-Books and Subscription
Schools-Suitable and Convenient Outhouses
on School Grounds-Soldiers' Orphans' In-
dustrial School-Items from Reports of Super-
intendents, 364. Certificates to College Grad-
uates--Duty of School Boards : Publishing
Annual Financial Statement-Vaccination :
Text of Decision by Judge Metzgar, of Wil-
liamsport-Items from Reports, 452. New
Blank Form for District Reports-Normal

School Examinations-Items from Reports-

Normal School Trustees, 504. To Superinten-

deuts-College graduates, 556. Course of

Study at Normal Schools, 557. Normal School

Trustees-Items from Reports, 558.

Old Land Measures, 98.
One Girl : What She Did, 116.
Our Call to Duty: Many Ages and Many Think-

ers, 345; Texts for Sermons; Substance of
Many Books, 475.
Our Hope: Gentlemen of School BoysM. W.

Sutherland, 244.

Over Exercise, 248.

Pansy, Lesson on the, 99.

Parental Responsibility, 241.

Parliament of Religions, 108.

Pay Attention, 230.

Paying School Directors, 92.

Pennsylvania at the World's Fair, 70.

Permanent Certificates Granted, 277.

Personality of Teachers, 160.

Personal Influence-Henry Drummond, 144.

Personal Religion-Lyman Abbott, 518.

Pleasure Climbs to Every Mountain (Song), 562.

Poems and Stories-Sarah L. Arnold, 521.

Points or No Points-W. W. Deatrick, 114.

Plato, Half an Hour With-H. M. King, 206.

Pollution of Pennsylvania Waters-Henry C. , Teaching Spelling, 100.
Ford, 486.

Tennyson's Death Bed, 299.
Praise as a Stimulus to Effort-Louise Foster, 31. That New Scholar, 538.
Primary Spelling Lesson, 529.

The Better Wish (Song), 234. Prince Bismarck in Berlin-Edwin B.Chubb, 425. The Christian Shadow, 104. Professor's Awakening, 117.

The Eye-George Wilson, 540. Professor Blackie and His Pupil, 515.

The Golden Egg, 351. Promotion of Pupils, 150.

The Home Library, 524. Provisional Certificates, 263.

The Hand-George Wilson, 97. Psychology as a Fad, 162.

The Model Hero, 496. Public Schools, 496.

The Old Cottage Clock (Song), 48. Purifying the Air of School Rooms—W. W. The Poetic in Children, 158. Frantz, 122.

The Professor's Awakening, 117.
Purity of Heart Strengthens the Mind, 152. The Schools and the Appropriation-David Mc-
Queen's School at Burano, 160.

Mullen, 253.
Questions and Answers, 183, 227, 269, 316. The Spelling Problem, 256.

The Spirit Stays : "The Bonny Face of Lucy Rapid Reckoning, 165.

Stone,” 335. Reading--G. P. Brown, 293.

The Swallow : An Egyptian and a Circassian Reading Books Discarded at Springfield-Thos.

Tale, 216. M. Balliet, 162.

The Teachers' Institute: What a Good Institute Reading the Bible, 357.

Does, etc., 154. Reading, Method in, 164.

The Training of the Boy: Address to Pittsburg Relation of High and Normal Schools, 379.

Teachers-W. F. Oldham, 425. Relation of High School to College, 318.

The Vanishing State Forest: Work of Forestry Relation of Mind and Brain-T. M. Balliet, 34.

Commission, 432. Remember in Speaking, 212.

Thomas Arnold: England's Typical and GreatResponsibility of Parent-K. T. Wiggin, 241. Right Kind of Recreation: Outing Club for the

est Schoolniaster, 141.

Those Deep Words, Grace and Truth: The PhysSeason, 431.

ical and Moral Worlds are Full of the CreaRobin Redbreast (Music), 187.

tor's Goodness-David Swing, 235. Rote Teaching: "Words Without Meaning,” 341.

Thoughts from Huxley, 300. Routes of Travel, 126.

Tobacco and Color Blindness, 516. Rural Public Schools-H. N. Jarchow, 485.

Township High Schools, 89. Rural School, The, 119.

Training of the Hand, 134. School Arbor Day, 175.

Triumph for Women, 68. School Legislation, 129.

Truancy and Irregular Attendance-S. A. Baer, School Music-David M. Kelsey, 324.

401. School Outhouses, 357.

True Standard of Educational Values, 327. Scolding Habit-R. H. Holbrook, 472.

Try, Try Again (Song), 372. Short Sightedness, 106.

Tyndall's Influence on the Teaching of Natural Showing the Spectrum-W. W. Deatrick, 158. Science, 422. Six Thousand Square MilesJ.T. Rothrock, 422. Twickenham Ferry (Music), 510. Slate Blackboards, 255.

Two, Too, To, 151. Sloyd in Pittsburgh, 447.

Uncle Tom's Cabin: Epoch-Making-Book, 205. Soldiers' Orphans' Industrial School, 365.

Unequal Distribution of State Aid, 390. Solemn Words of Truth and Soberness-David

University Extension, 39, 148. Swing, 95.

| University of the State of New York, 352. Some Needed Legislation-R. K. Buehrle, 388.

Upright Penmanship, 134. Song of the Brook, 470.

Up the Hills (Music) - Rossini, 48.
Sowing and Reaping, 104.

Urgent Needs of the Schools, 374.
Speak Gently (Music), 94.
Spelling and Writing Problems—T. B. Noss, 303.

Vaccination in Schools, 447.
Spring Arbor Day, 441.

Voting for a School Motto, 517.
State Appropriation, 182.

What is Staff? 23.
State Board of Health, Circular to Directors, 477. What One Girl Did, 116.
State Buildings at Chicago, 85.

What We Know of the Sun, 196.
State School Funds, 361.

Where Examinations Fail-E E. Hale, 171. Stories for the School, 527.

Where They Read Most: The Homes in the Study of English High and Graded Schools, 405. Country, 333. Success in Teaching, 131.

Who Can Tell?-Alfred Bayliss, 335. “Sum-Books :'' Reminiscences of School Days, Wilkes-Barre Schools, 178. T. J. Chapman, 297.

Wise Decision, a, 256. Supt. w. A. Derremer: In Memoriam-Lelia E. Words to be Avoided, 517. Patridge, 423.

Work: Its Perennial Nobleness and Sacredness Talking--Carrie Norton, 532.

- Thomas Carlyle, 32. Teach Children to Work, 247.

World's Fairs, 84. Teachers at the World's Fair, 180.

Your Head to the Engine, 481.

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A LITTLE over two years ago the site department, and millions of dollars will A of the World's Columbian Fair at be spent in the entertainment of visitors Chicago was practically a wild marsh. and in formal banquets. Going southTo-day it contains several hundred build | ward are to be found three-quarters of a ings, and Director-General Davis esti- | mile of structures, representing manufacmates the wealth represented by the tures, machinery, electricity, mining, buildings and exhibits as something like agriculture, horticulture, forestry and $150,000,000. Fifty nations and thirty | minor material interests, with buildings seven colonies are represented. Added here and there representing woman, music, to these are the United States Govern and the government of the grounds. The ment and the various states and territories third division is the Midway Plaisance, of the Union.

dedicated to Oriental villages, Ferris Roughly speaking, the grounds con-| wheel, balloons, bear pits, glass blowers, tain six hundred acres. They are over a panoramas, barbaric theatres, and everymile long and more than half a mile broad thing that goes to make up the side-show at the widest part. The distance from the life of an international exposition. Here middle of Chicago is seven miles. One alone will the visitor be forced to pay side of the grounds runs along the great extra. Outside of the Midway Plaisance lake and the other side faces hundreds of everything is free after the general adhotels and stores hurriedly erected at the mission fee is paid, with the sole excepsmallest possible cost. There is a stription of the Esquimau Village and the of land six hundred feet wide and a mile i Cave of the Cliff Dwellers. long, extending from the main grounds It was the genius of Frederick L. Olmeastward, and this is the Midway Plais stead that turned the waters of Lake ance which contains the side-shows and Michigan into lagoons, ponds, basins and private enterprises. The whole Exposition canals, with bridges and terraces to beauwill be open from an early hour in the tify the place. Every main building can morning until ten o'clock at night, and be reached by water. There are fifty the price of admission is fifty cents. electric launches and scores of gondolas

The Exposition is marked off into three oared by picturesque Venetians. It costs great divisions. At the north end is the twenty-five cents a trip on the launches, Art Palace, surrounded by the separate and the gondolas can be employed at so buildings of the States, Territories and much an hour. foreigu Governments. This is the social ! An intermural elevated electric railway penetrates to all parts of the grounds, and / of 100,000. There are well organized and visitors can make tlieir rounds with great equipped police and fire departments. rapidity if they do not care to walk. The Columbian Guard is an independent

Around the great basin is grouped the body of police numbering in the neighborformal architecture. At one end is the hood of two thousand men, largely made noble peristyle with its Corinthian col up of ex-soldiers. This body is comumus, pierced in the middle by the great manded by Colonel Edmund Price, of the Columbian portal, on the top of which is United States Army, and all of its supera magnificent group representing a char ior officers are detailed from the ariny. iot drawn by four horses abreast. Flank The inen are uniformed like soldiers, wear ing this quadriga are statues representing short swords and are under strict military the States and Territories. The peristyle discipline. They present a fine appearçonnects the Music Hall and Casino. ance scattered about the grounds. Police where a grand orchestra will storm the and fire stations are placed at strategic gates of heaven with harmony. On points, and the floors of all the buildings either side of the basin are the facades of are patrolled night and day as a protection the Agricultural Building and the Mari- against fire. ufactures and Liberal Arts Building. Standing at the foot of the AdministraThe principal corners of the Electricity tion Building the visitor is thrilled by his Building and Machinery Hall are pro- surroundings. Beside him, in the main jected into this grand court of honor. entrance, is St. Gauden's fine statue of

Between them is the Administration Columbus. In front of him is the wonderBuilding, which serves as a vast vestibule. ful McMonies fountain, and on either side The pomp and splendor of this structure of it the big fountains that throw up masses are beyond description. It is in the form of electric-lighted water in thousands of of four massive pavilions, united and tints at night. Beyond is the smooth crowned by a mighty golden dome that basin which is crowded with gondolas flashes 250 feet above the ground. Each of the pavilions is eighty-four feet square, Farther on is the huge figure of the and the dome is 120 feet in diameter. Republic rising out of the water on a The colossal entrances are rich in sculp- pedestal with the peristyle as a backture, and the piers of the pavilions are ground. To the left are the towers and crested with statuary. At every point recessed pilasters of Machinery Hall, the the eye meets with some striking group. obelisk, and the small peristyle. The The interior of the dome is lit by an water that flows in front of Machinery opening of fifty feet, the light disclosing Hall divides it from the Agricultural. panels enriched with sculpture and vast Building, whose florid capitals, masses of paintings representing the arts and statuary and gilded dome, surniounted by sciences. Mr. Dodge's great fresco oc Diana, add an indescribable richness to cupies the upper rim of the dome.

the general effect. On the north side is This is the seat of government. In the the grand facade of the largest building in four pavilions are the headquarters of the world, whose thirty acres are devoted the Director-General, the Foreign Depart to manufactures and liberal arts. The ment, and the Department of Publicity walls of this edifice measure almost a and Promotion. Here the purely execu- | mile, and the stupendous hinged arch tive work is carried on, the construction spans the main floor at a height of headquarters being in the Service Build 150 feet. Yet its fluted columus, triing. During the construction period | umphal arches and vast loggia have conDirector-General Davis has commanded verted this architectural leviathan into a more than fifteen thousand at a time, and thing of beauty. Major Handy, of the Bureau of Publicity, From the roof of this huge building has supplied a list of 70,000 correspond beams the biggest electric search light ents. From this building messages are ever constructed. It has reflectors six going out constantly to the most remote feet in diameter, and gives a light of 194,corners of the world.

000,000 candle power. It is asserted by It must be understood that the Exposi those in charge of this light that people tion is a city, with a complete govern sixty miles away can read by the reflected ment. There are over fifty thousand ex- | illumination at night. hibitors, and two persons for each interest Following the canal, which is spanned represented would give a fixed population by graceful bridges on which are life

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