to your service. The general observation now made to me is, that my work is not sufficiently known, and that I do not take pains to puff it, as the phrase is. It is true, I have abstained from some of the usual channels of notoriety, and have given my publisher positive directions to do the same; being anxious, in the first instance, to deserve success from confidence, that in that case, if it comes slowly, it will come surely; and secondly, independently of personal feeling, I am actuated by what I consider a due regard to my station. I will tell you, however, that both in society and the streets, I am constantly gratified and encouraged by volunteered testimonies of approval-principally, as I have said before, as to the amusement I afford. At the hazard of being accused of vanity or quackery, (and by this time you will have found out that I hazard a good deal,) I will give you a few specimens of written opinions I have received from persons of very different characters. They have the merit of being honest, as they were perfectly unsought and unexpected ; and they may serve as a sort of review, not without interest to those who take any interest in my work. The first is from a country gentleman, not given to giving himself much trouble. He says characteristically, “I reproach myself with not having acknowledged • The Original,' but shall apply for mercy, from the fact of having read it twice over, a circumstance for which neither you nor any other author could ever be prepared.” The second is from a gentleman, celebrated for the wit and piquancy of his writings, and is expressed thus: “ I wish you all the success of the Spectator,' Tatler,' and “Guardian.' What does not society owe to the man, who, after protecting the laws for so many hours a day, gives up the residue of his time to the amelioration of politics and morals? The ladies return you their best thanks for your lucubrations; they would be much more happy to thank you here.” The third, which is from a lawyer and a scholar, has the following passage: “ I sincerely wish you may make an impression on the reading public. A friend of mine says you will soon be tired of writing so much good sense. I do not think so, if you find or make an appetite for such wholesome food.” The fourth, and only one asked for, is from an unpretending lady, who says amongst other praises, “I must compliment you upon the religious, moral, and benevolent feelings which go through your work.” The last is from a man of high connexions, to whom I gave the monthly part, containing the first six numbers, and is as follows: “ A great many thanks for your present. I could not stop till I had read it quite through. Sound sense and right feeling are, I may say, in every page of it, and excellent language. Go on. Your description of Italy is lovely. I am

all for your democratic principle. Your advice, too, about health is perfectly good. Go on, then, I say, and give us more instruction and amusement, and as well and agreeably told as you have done." The above are not formal, but familiar testimonials, and are the more satisfactory on that account.

With respect to the effect produced upon myself by my weekly undertaking, I find it has a tendency to increase three out of the four essentials to happiness enumerated by Dr. Paley in the sixth chapter of the first book of his Moral Philosophy,' which chapter ought to be familiar to every one. In the first place, it furnishes “ exercise to the faculties in the pursuit of an engaging end ; and this I think must be so evident as to need no illustration. Secondly, it contributes to a prudent constitution of habits," inasmuch as I am obliged to be more attentive to my diet, to exercise, and to early rising; otherwise I should often be unequal to the task I have imposed upon myself, and I find it easy or difficult, agreeable or irksome, just as I live. With a little more practice I expect to acquire a complete command of my habits. Then the search after, and contemplation of, what is excellent, greatly increase my love for it, and give me a distaste for everything unworthy; besides which, as occasion demands, I find stores in my mind long since dormant or forgotten, and I can scarcely take up a book or a newspaper, or go into society, or pass along the streets, that something worthy of note does not occur to me.

The third essential to happiness, according to Paley, is health, and that, as I have above observed, I am obliged to attend to. What he says upon the subject accords so much with my views, and with what I have laid down, that I will here subjoin it; I have already given the high medical authority of Dr. Gregory in support of my positions. The passage from Paley is as follows:

“ By health I understand, as well freedom from bodily distempers, as that tranquillity, firmness, and alacrity of mind, which we call good spirits; and which may properly enough be included in our notion of health, as depending commonly upon the same causes, and yielding to the same management, as our bodily constitution.

“ Health in this sense is the one thing needful. Therefore no pains, expense, self-denial, or restraint, to which we subject ourselves for the sake of health, is too much. Whether it requires us to relinquish lucrative situations, to abstain from favourite indulgences, to control intemperate passions, or undergo tedious regimen ; whatever difficulties it lays us under, a man, who pursues his happiness rationally and resolutely, will be content to submit.

When we are in perfect health and spirits, we feel in our. selves a happiness independent of any particular gratification whatever, and of which we can give no account. This is an enjoyment which the Deity has annexed to life; and it probably constitutes, in a great measure, the happiness of infants and brutes."

In conclusion, I have every reason so far to be satisfied with the result of my labours, having hitherto met with nothing but unqualified commendation; and I feel that the desire to increase the interest of my work will increase with its success. There is one testimonial in my favour, which affords me particular satisfaction; and that is, that so far from having no honour in my own country, I learn my numbers are eagerly desired in the village where I long lived, and where I commenced my study of the administration of the poor-laws.

ISCARIOTISM. A single and apt expression for an important combination of ideas has great convenience and efficacy. It prevents confusion, and tends to establish truth and right. It furnishes a distinctive mark for what is good or bad, for what is worthy of honour or dishonour. A pretended zeal for the welfare of others, for the purpose of basely promoting one's own, I term Iscariotism. Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair. Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? This he said, not that he cared for the poor ; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

It was Iscariotism that Dr. Johnson meant, when he said, in allusion, I believe, to Wilkes, that patriotism was the last resource of a scoundrel. Patriotism is pure gold; Iscariotism its base counterfeit.' The prevalence of Iscariotism is a reflection upon the constitution or administration of any government, because it cannot exist but where there is weakness or corruption. Vigour and purity are quite fatal to it. It thrives under the oligarchic and ochlocratic principles, but withers to nothing under the democratic, in the sense I use that term in my first number. It lives by being paid by the many, or bought by the few, and its course is determined by the highest bidding. Its real character is

gross selfishness; its assumed, disinterested zeal ; its means of succeeding, falsehood and impudence. Besides political, there are charitable Iscariots, who serve their own ends by a busy interference in public institutions. Their real character is

selfishness also ; their assumed, extraordinary philanthropy and liberality; their means of success, plausibility, and cunning. Besides selfishness, Iscariots, political and charitable, have this in common, that they aim to keep those they affect to befriend, in a constant state of dependence.

THE ART OF ATTAINING HIGH HEALTH-(continued.) Before I resume my remarks on diet, I have a few desultory observations to make. I have frequently had occasion to remark on the very different state of my feet, that sometimes they were not at all inconvenienced by exercise, and at others liable to blister, or to a sensation of fulness or heat-that at one time I was annoyed by corns, at another perfectly free from them—that the same shoes would be sometimes easy, and at others much too tight—that at some seasons I walked with perfect freedom and alacrity, at others with a difficulty amounting almost to lameness. All these variations, I have long since ascertained, depend entirely upon the state of the digestion, though I have heard my remarks to that effect turned into ridicule by the unthinking: I have now a pair of shoes rather smaller than usual, which have given me an opportunity of making my observations with great accuracy, and I find that by excess of diet, which I have purposely tried, they become so painful that I am obliged to take them off, and even that does not afford instant relief; whilst they are perfectly easy as long as I take only the requisite quantity of food, and at proper times,-for I have proved that so soon as I have fasted too long, uneasiness commences, not to the same extent as from excess, but still that there arises a certain degree of irritability upon which the pressure acts. Eating moderately, I find, affords instant relief,—that is, Content the stomach, and every other part will be content. Moreover, provided the digestion is in a perfect state, any inconvenience from external causes, such as from the pressure of shoes actually too small, only lasts as long as the external cause acts. The moment the cause is removed, the effect ceases ; but it is otherwise where the frame is out of order from deranged digestion. Then it takes some time for the part affected to recover its tone, or it may be that actual disease is the consequence, according to the force of the cause acting, or the tendency to disease. People die from a wound in the foot, or a cut finger, on account of their previously improper living, which has disposed their bodies to disease, and the wound or cut is the exciting cause; but with those in perfect health, cure commences immediately after the injury, whether the injury be great or small, provided it is not in a vital part. Hence, in

accidents, it is necessery with most people that they should submit to the influence of diet and medicine before a cure can be effected ; and the same course is generally pursued before an operation, the only reason being, that there are very few who live as they ought to do. The difference in the state of health is so great, that the same blow which would cause death in one man, would not even produce discoloration in another.

Once, when I was riding at Rome, my horse suddenly ran up a steep bank, and threw me off behind with great force on my head upon a hard road. I felt a violent shake and a very un. pleasant sensation for the moment, but experienced no bad consequences whatever. For some time previously I had been living very carefully as to diet, and had taken a great deal of exercise ; otherwise I am confident I should have suffered greatly, if not fatally : : as it was, I had no occasion even to take any precaution, and I felt nothing beyond the one shock. Had my vessels been overcharged, the effect must have been very different.

But to return to tight shoes. Everybody must have observed that they are more inconvenient at the end of the day than at the beginning, and most of all after a full dinner, though they may not have been aware that over-fasting will produce something of the same effect, and that consequently the whole is referable to the state of the digestion ; for even the fatigue of the day does not act directly upon the limbs, but first upon the powers of the stomach. Restore them, and the sensasion of fatigue disappears. Labour and exercise, when the stomach is too full or too empty, especially the former, cause great uneasiness; and as soon as the stomach is relieved the weariness is relieved also. Even that fatigue of the limbs, which seems only removable by rest or sleep, I believe equally depends upon the same cause, and that it is the stomach which first requires repose. Where it only requires food, as I have just remarked, the fatigue of the limbs will disappear without rest ; when it has received too much food, the fatigue will in like manner be relieved as digestion proceeds. I recollect once, when walking a long distance before breakfast, I became at length so wearied as only to be prevented by my companion from lying down in the road; and when I had breakfasted I was immediately fresher than when I started. After eating too heartily, I have experienced still more distressing weariness, which has gradually disappeared, without any cessation of exercise, as digestion has proceeded. This is something the same as what is called second wind in boxing or running. It may be said, that when the feet are inconveniently affected by exercise, they are relieved by placing them in a horizontal position; but I apprehend that position is

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