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clined to a smile, not drawn down with a sour look, as is the case with an overcharged digestion. There should be no fulness in the under lip, or uneasy sensation when pressed, which is a sure sign of derangement of the stomach. Most especially, the lower part of the nose should have a clear, healthy appearance, not thickened and full of dark dots and inflammatory impurities, as is so frequently to be observed. The difference between a pure state and that of irregular living is so great, as to produce in many persons an almost .complete change of appearance in expression of countenance and personal attraction; and attention to diet is of the first consequence to those who wish to improve or retain their looks, as well as to enjoy the perfect possession of their faculties.
As a proof of the efficiency of diet, I will here mention what I experienced from attention to it on a particular occasion. In the middle of August, 1822, I travelled in a private carriage from Stuttgard to Paris without stopping, except for an hour and a half each morning to breakfast, being on the road four days and three nights. The course my companion and myself pursued was this. We had a basket which we kept constantly replenished with poultry or game, and bread and fruit. We ate sparingly whenever we felt inclined. We never drank when we ate, but took a little fruit instead. About a couple of hours after a meal, if we felt at all thirsty, we took a little water at the first post-house we came too. By this plan the motion of the carriage did not at all disturb digestion; and notwithstanding the time of year we were entirely without fever or feverishness. We arrived at Paris perfectly fresh, and, after taking a warm bath, supped in the Palais Royal. I afterwards walked on the Boulevards till past midnight, and rose the next morning at six in as composed a state as I ever was in my
life. When we left England in the preceding November, my companion felt heated and much inconvenienced by travelling even so late as ten at night, and we were obliged to remain three days at Lyons to give him time to recover. Between Stuttgard and Paris he enjoyed perfect composure, and on our arrival I observed that, notwithstanding he wore a pair of tight boots all the way, his ankles were not in the least affected with swelling; whereas the courier, who did not understand passing through Champagne without tasting the wine, though he was comfortably seated behind the carriage, had his legs so much swelled that he had some difficulty in getting up stairs. By the same course I believe I could travel indefinitely as to time, not only without inconvenience but in high health.
The precaution of drinking little, and particularly at a sufficient interval after eating, I take to be essential. I also think it very beneficial to have the opportunity of taking food in moderation as soon as it is desired, by which the irritation of fasting too long is avoided, and the stomach is kept in perpetual good humour. The plan of eating and drinking beforehand, instead of carrying provisions in the carriage, is a very pernicious one, as the food becomes corrupted before it is wanted, and in the mean time produces the uncomforts of fermentation.
MOBS. I hate all mobs and tumultuary assemblies on one side or the other. They are the senseless instruments of party, the clumsy machinery by which imperfect government is carried on or opposed by imperfect politicians. They are in their very nature unlawful and unconstitutional, directly at variance with our free institutions, which are as much opposed to anarchy as to despotism. They are alternately encouraged from interest, or tolerated from fear. The following extract from a letter from Dr. Priestly to the people of Birmingham, after the riots of 1791, is strongly illustrative of what the mob spirit is capable; and that the progress of civilization has been able in no degree to assuage that spirit, Nottingham, Derby, and Bristol afford indisputable proofs in recent times. The Birmingham mob was on the Tory, the others on the Whig side.
“ You have destroyed the inost truly valuable and useful apparatus of philosophical instruments that perhaps any individual in this or any other country was ever possessed of, in my use of which I annually spent large sums, with no pecuniary view whatever, but only in the advancement of science for the benefit of my country and of mankind. You have destroyed a library corresponding to that apparatus which no money can re-purchase, except in a long course of time. But what I feel far more, you have destroyed manuscripts which have been the result of the laborious study of many years, and which I shall never be able to recompose ; and this has been done to one who never did or imagined any harm.”
MY MOTHER. In the article on the art of attaining high health, in my fourth number, I had occasion shortly to mention my mother. She was indeed in many particulars an example for her sex-an example 00 valuable to be altogether lost. I will sketch for study one
or two of the agreeable features in her character. When I was living alone with her, as already stated, I used occasionally to go out to dinner in the neighbourhood, and afterwards to walk home late, sometimes very late. By the way, I will remark, that I have never felt my mind so vigorous as frequently when walking home in the country after a dinner-party. The excitement of company and good cheer, heightened by exercise in the refreshing cool of the night, produces an effect on the spirits, according to my experience, unequalled at any other time; and it seems to be something the same with horses, which never go with such alacrity as when returning home after a good feed, and in company, at night. But to resume; at whatever hour I arrived, I always found my mother sitting up for me alone. Not a word of reproach—not a question. If it happened to be cold or damp I was greeted with a cheerful fire, by which she had been sitting, reading or netting, as her eyes would permit, and with a colour on her cheek at seventy, which would have done no discredit to a girl at eighteen. She had always the supper-tray ready, but not brought in, so as neither to tempt me if I did not want anything, nor to disappoint me if I did. When a man throws himself into a chair after the fatigues of the day, he generally feels for a period a strong propensity to silence, any interruption of which has rather a tendency to irritate. I observed that my mother had always great tact in discovering the first symptoms of revival, till which she would quietly go on with her own occupation, and then inquire if I had had an agreeable party, and put such questions as showed a gratifying interest, equally removed from worrying curiosity and disheartening indifference. I recommend the same course generally to female consideration and adoption. If, from any engagement, I wished to breakfast earlier than usual, however early, she was always ready, and without taking any credit for her readiness. If I was down before the hour I was almost sure to find her seated at table; or, if the morning was fine, walking composedly before the windows, with breakfast prepared. If I desired to have a particular dinner, it was served up just as I asked for it—no alteration—no additional dish, with the very unphilosophical remark, “ You have no occasion to eat it unless you like.” She seemed to be aware that needless variety causes a distraction destructive of perfect contentment, and that temptation resisted, as well as temptation yielded to, produces, though in an inferior degree, digestive derangement. I will mention only one other trait, and that is, that though she was unremitting in her care and attention when any of her family were ill, yet her own indispositions she always concealed as long as slie could,—for it seemed to give her pain to be the cause of the least interruption to the pleasure of those she loved.
GOOD FEELING. Soon after the battle of Waterloo, when so many maimed and wounded officers were to be seen in the streets, a gentleman passing along Bond-street was somewhat forcibly pushed against the wall by a porter. In the irritation of the moment he raised a small cane he had in his hand, and gave the porter a smart cut across the shoulders. The man instantly turned round and threw himself into an attitude of attack; but perceiving his adversary had lost his right arm he took off his hat, and, without saying a word, passed on his way.
66 Of all
SAYINGS. Many people have a great horror of the purse-proud. I cannot say that I have; for I am always perfectly at my ease with them. It is the purse empty that I dread. “ Poverty is no crime,” is a common saying in the mouths of the indolent and the improvident; nine times out of ten, I believe, it approaches very near. But poverty proper is a disease nearly worn out in this country, and its place is supplied by pauperism, or the spirit of dependence, on which I have remarked in a former publication. taxes upon means—of all clogs to self-advancement—of all drawbacks upon enjoyment, assuredly the dependence of those who ought to depend upon themselves, is the heaviest and most irksome. No station in life is too high-none too low—to escape this scourge. The peer of princely fortune, the frugal tradesman, and the industrious labourer,— each in his degree, is haunted, threatened, importuned, and preyed upon. To avoid this fate, how many are afraid to accumulate ! how many give up in despair !-how many, seeing ruin inevitable, prefer to ruin, themselves, and plunge into that state it would have been the labour of their lives to avoid ! The most accurate description of English poverty I ever heard, was from a beggar-boy in Italy, who accosted me at the door of a post-house, whilst I was waiting for horses. He made some observations, which led me to ask him if he thought there were no poor in England: to which he replied, “Oh! yes, yes; but in England they are all rich poor - in Italy we are poor poor.
Complaining of adverse fortune, keeps fortune adverse. A happy disposition to improve opportunities, sooner or later, I believe, never fails of success.
True courage is that which is not afraid of being thought afraid ; the rest is counterfeit.-Such for the most part is duelling courage,
No. IX.-WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1835.
ADDRESS TO THE READER. DEAR READER, whether gentle or simple, male or female, young or old—for I am happy to say I have of all sorts,
I do not know whether you find yourself in any degree wiser, or better, or happier for my labours so far as they have gone, but I am sure I do. At least, from the very frequent testimonies I meet with, I cannot doubt but that I have contributed to your amusement; and I consider that to be a great point gained, if I can maintain it; because with amusement, you cannot fail in the end, considering the sources I draw from, to derive considerable profit. In my first address I told you it was an alterative diet of sound and comfortable doctrines, blended with innoxious amusement, that I proposed to set before you, and I hope so far I have kept my word. Like all alteratives, it is only by perseverance that mine can produce much effect, and you must learn from my desultory writings, what is to be learnt, as you would from other people's conversation, by habitual attention.
I have been much amused with the progress of opinion as to my undertaking. When I first mentioned it, I was told I should never begin, or that I should never go on, or that I should involve myself in dangerous expense, or that there was something startling and improper in a man in a public situation like mine, conducting a periodical, and that to put my name to it was out of all question. Well, I did begin, and I feel no diffidence of being able to go on, but the contrary. I am in no danger from expense, and, so far as I can judge, the balance will turn in my favour. After my earlier numbers appeared, the idea of any impropriety in my being the avowed author of them, was deemed quite ridiculous; but still objections were made, though all of the most complimentary kind, as that my writings were too good to last, that it was impossible an individual could alone sustain such a weight, and that, considering my other avocations, I was tasking my time beyond all bounds. Whether these objections are valid, time will show. As to the first, that my writings have been too good to last, I beg, gentle reader to inform you, that the reception they have met with will induce me to redouble my efforts and attention to prevent any deterioration ; and that, after this number, I shall dedicate myself with additional earnestness