Barbauld (Mrs., 1743–1825), her

poem entitled •1811,' cxxx, 533
Barberini, Maffei. See Urban VIII.
Barbican, the, a military post in

early London, cxxxi. 159; its me-

diæval history, 169
Barbosa (Augustin, Bishop of

Ugento,1590–1649), his plagiarism

of Cicero's De Officiis, cxxiv. 357
Barcelona, architectural interest of,

cxxii. 169
Bards, the, the professed descendants

of the Druids (see Druids), cxviii.
61 ; first mentioned by Lucan, ib.;
ranked among the Germans by
Tacitus, 62; the Bardic system in
Wales not supported by history,
63; obscurity of their place in

history, 70
Baree Doab Canal, the, cxvii. 21
Baretti (Joseph, 1716-1789), his

hostility to Mrs. Piozzi, cxiii. 522
Bareilly, Rohilla outbreak at, in

1816 promptly suppressed, cxxiv.

Barkly (Sir Henry, b. 1815), on gold-
mining in Victoria, cxvii, 115

his able administration at the
Cape, cxxxiv.433–448. See Africa,

Barlaam (d. 1348), his denunciation

of the 'Oupaloy uxou, cxxi. 490
Barnave (Antoine Pierre Joseph

Marie, 1761-1793), his remark on
the death of Foulon, cxxiv. 344;

his reparation thereof, ib.
Barneveldt (Johann van Olden, 1567

-1619), Mr. Motley's History of,
cxl. 107; claims to the Duchy of
Cleves, 108; his rival Prince
Maurice, 111; his personal ap-
pearance, 112 ; early life and edu-
cation, ib. ; Advocate of the pro-
vince of Ilolland, 113; his em-
bassy to Henry IV., ib.; barren
overtures to England, 119; his
zeal for the Protestant cause, ib.;
declares with the Remonstrants
against a Synod, 121; enmity of

the Stadtholder, 122; and of James
I., ib.; redeems the English mort-
gage, 125; beginning of the Thirty
Years' War, ib.; his hopes of an
English alliance, 127; hostility
with Maurice respecting the Sy-
nod,129; assailed by pamphleteers,
130; his letter of explanation to
the Prince, ib. ; interview with
him at Utrecht, 133; his arrest,
ib. : its illegal character, 136; his
trial, ib. ; sentence and execution,
140-142; punishment of his family,

Barnsbury (London), etymology and

early history of, cxxxi. 166 and

Baroni (Leonora), her singing ad-

mired by Milton, cxi. 345.
Barristers, origin and meaning of

the word, cxxxiv. 489; Inner and
Outer, 493; former course of pre-
paration for the bar, 498; Regula-
tions of 1869, 503; costume de-
rived from the clergy, 505 ; duties
of advocacy defined, ib. 506

precedency respecting briefs,
cxxxv. 527
Barros (de), his work on the sources

of the Nile, cxviii. 218 note
Barrow (Isaac, 1630–1677), enters

Cambridge at thirteen, cxxv, 59
" Barry Cornwall' (pseudonym for

Mr. Procter), his memories of
Charles Lamb, cxxiv. 261; his

personal reminiscences, 267
Barry (Sir Charles), his conception

of Gothic architecture, cxxxi. 410
Barry (Madame du, 1744-1793), her

advent to Court, cxxv. 509; her
low origin, 510; procures the dis-

missal of Choiseul, ib.
Bartlett (Mr.), his rock-piercing

apparatus, cxxii. 129
Bashan, Mr. Freshfield on the ‘Giant

Cities' of, cxxx. 338
Basque Country, the, cxix. 369; pe-

culiarities of its literature, ib.;
geographical limits of, 370; Lord

Carnarvon's admiration of the Bayley (Mr.), his History of the Spanish Basques, 371; grammati- Tower,' cxv. 303; his solution of cal system of their language, 372; the murder of Clarence, ib. fanciful derivations of certain Bayswater, etymology of, cxxxi. 161 words, 373; popular superstitions, Beach (Sir Michael Hicks, b. 1837), 374; pathetic tone of their litera- his Irish policy in 1874, cxl. 582 ture, 376; proverbs, 377; their Beacons, number of, on the British love of dramatic representations, coast, cxv. 183 378; their historical tragedies, Beale (Dr Lionel S.), his works on 380; their alleged discovery of Protoplasm and Disease-germs, America, 383; character of their cxxxvi. 216 humour, 385; their addiction to Beaton (David, Cardinal, 1494smuggling, 386 ; gipsy life in, 387; 1546), English complicity in his

the custom of the Couvade,' 388 murder, cxxvi. 258 Bastwick (Dr. John, b. 1593), works Beaulieu (Colonel Treuille de), lis

of, suppressed, cxxxiv. 184, 185 services to rifled ordnance in Bateman (Mr. J. F.), his Metro- France, cxix. 499 note; his report

polis Water Supply,' cxxiii. 384; on arms at the Great Exhibition, advocates introduction of water 528. and note from North Wales, 414, 415; de- Beaumont (M. Elie de), on the geotails of his scheme, ib.-418; his logical age of the Moulin-Quignon water supply of Glasgow, 420 beds, cxviii. 274, 275; on the

his survey of the river Plata, encroachment of river deltas into cxxxix. 467; his action against the sea, 288 M. Révy, ib. note

(Gustave de), his edition of Battersea, etymology of, cxxxi. 160 De Tocqueville's remains, cxiii. Bavaria, hop plantations in, cxvi. 427 497 ; mode of hop-picking, 498;

on the historical causes of annual consumption of beer in, Irish emigration, cxix. 281; mis499

taken as to proselytism in the Frederick the Great's cam- national schools in Ireland, 28.5 paign in, cxxiii. 507, 518

note; his views as to its populatobacco-monopoly imposed tion, 288; his misstatements as to by France, cxxv. 319; defection the competition for land, 290 from Bonaparte, 320

his complete edition of de Baxter (Richard, 1618-1619), his Tocqueville's works, cxxii. 456;

lines on Church Councils, cxxx. additional papers published by 299; on the authority of Popes him therein, ib. and Councils, 317

Beauty, Canon of, in Greek Art, cxl. Bayeux tapestry, the, historical im- 168; works thereon, ib.; ancient

portance of, cxxi. 14; earliest Greek statues, 169; difficulties of known heraldic arms on, 333

analysing their ideal, ib.; physiogBayle (Peter, 1647-1706), character nomy and pathognomy, 171, 172;

of his intellect, cxxi. 440; his laws of symmetry, 175, 178; hywork 'Contrains-les d'entrer,' 441 pothesis of Dr. Liharzik, 179;

St. Beure's criticism of, ethnological influences on proporсxxxii. 188

tion, 180; supposed harmonies of groundwork of his system of number in symmetry, 182, 183: religion, cxxxix. 420

Mr. Hay's analogy of the musical

chord, ib.; theory of Mr. Story,
184; canon of Polycletus, ib. ; Mr.
Gibson's method of determining
dimensions, 185; French writers
on human proportion, ib.; objec-
tions to making the head the unit
of measurement, 186; canon of
Phidias, 187; Egyptian canons,
189; want of a universal method,
190; division of the symmetric
base or modulus, ib.; the autome-
tric system recommended, 191;

proportions tabulated thereby, 193
Beauvais, gallant defence of, against

Charles of Burgundy, cxix. 563
Beauvoir (Marquis de), his “Voyage

autour du Monde,' cxxxviii. 65
Becket (Thomas à, 1117–1170), his
biographers, cxii. 141

patron saint of Arbroath
Abbey, cxx. 320; his name erased

from the Kalendar, ib.
Beckford (Mr.), his · Vathek’a work

of real genius, cxxxii. 122
Bede (the Venerable, 673-735), his

minute description of the Magi,

cxxiv, 350
Bedford (John Russell, Duke of, d.

1771), his insulting reprimands to
George III., cxxvi. 20; attack on

his house, ib.
Bedford family, early connexion of,

with London, cxxxi. 176
Beer, taxes on, in foreign countries,

cxxxv. 279
Beer Act, the, demoralising effects of,

cxxxvii. 403
Beethoven (Louis von, 1770—1827),

his opera ‘Fidelio'a failure, cxxii.
406; his interview with Weber,
415; his personal appearance, ib.

Lives and Letters of,cxxxviii.
366 ; Mr. Thayer's exhaustive ac-
count of, 367; his uneventful life,
368; his mistake of his year of
birth, ib.; his dreary childhood,
369; early inusical career, 370;
his friend Graf Waldstein, ib. ;
quarrel with Haydn, 371; his

extraordinary power of playing,
372; anecdotes, ib.; his first com-
positions, 373; intimacy with
Prince Lichnowsky, ib.; his will,
375; origin of his deafness, 376;
capriciousness and ill-humour
ascribed thereto, 377; his sin-
cerity, 378; instances of irrita-
bility, ib.; his susceptibility to
love, 379; relations with the
Countess Guicciardi, ib. ; his new
order of pianoforte music, 380;
his "Mount of Olives,' 381; his
'Fidelio,' 382; inspiration derired
from natural scenery, 383; care-
lessness about money, 384; private
life, ib.; attacks of illness, 385;
his industry, ib. ; relations with
his brothers, 386; his brother
Carl, ib. ; his nephew, 387; days
of adversity, ib., 388; his death
and last words, 389; as a musician,
390; his intellectual tastes and
character, 391 ; his self-assertion,
392 ; republican sympathies, 393;
religious views, ib.; called an
atheist by Haydn, ib.; depth of

humanity in his music, 394
Beet-root sugar, cultivation of, in

France, cxiv. 358
Behar, land tenure in, before the

Mutiny, cxxiv. 313; absence of
disaffection in, ib.; exceptional
outbreaks at Arrah and Gyah,

Behistun, cuneiform inscription at,

cxi. 34; historical importance of

the discovery, 42
Belgium, separation of, from Hol-
land in 1830, cxi. 151, 152

hop-cultivation in, cxvi. 501

anti-Ultramontane movement
in, cxx. 460

humane treatment of the in-
sane in, cxxxi. 418, 438

postal telegraphy in, cxxxii.
224; treaty proposed by England
to guarantee her neutrality in
1870, 571

Belgium, land tenure in, cxxxiv. 454, 458

treaty of independence, cxxxvi. 387; accession of King Leopold, ib.; rupture with Hol

land, 389 Delgrade, victory of Eugene against

the Turks at, cxvi. 541 Belisarius (d. 565), his contest with

Totila, cxviii. 351; attempted

restoration of Rome, 352 Bell (Sir Charles, 1774-1842), Me

moirs and Letters of, cxxxv. 394 ; his father and brothers, ib.; his boyhood, 399; training at the Iligh School, 400; his System of Dissections, 401; early surgical studies at Edinburgh, ib.; his friends there, 406; first letters from London, 408; his transparent character, 409; latent weakness of fibre, ib. ; dinners with the Edinburgh Club, 410; first intercourse with Jeffrey, ib.; his London circle, 411; start in his profession, ib.; his Anatomy of Expression,' 412; difficulties of publication, 413; first lectures, it.; his marriage, ib.; removal from Leicester Square to Sobo Square, 414; his discoveries in the physiology of the nervous system, ib.; neglect of fortune for science, 418; discussion with Lord Cockburn thereon, ib.; his ‘Idea of a new Anatomy of the Brain,' 419; sudden fame, ib.; scientific welcome at Paris, ib.; lectures in Windmill Street, 420; professor of the College of Surgeons, ib.; his study of gunshot wounds, ib.; distinguished patients, ib.; at Waterloo, 421; impressions of Brussels, ib.; death of two brothers, 422; relations with Brougham, 423 ; his Bridgewater treatises, ib.; scientific characteristics, ib.; devotion to fly-fishing, 425; his friend Richardson, ib. ; returns to

Edinburgh, 426; visit to Rome, 428; his return and death, 429;

his noble character, ib. Bell (Sir Charles), his 'Anatomy

of Expression in connexion with the Fine Arts,' cxxxvii. 515; his study of Italian art, 516,

520 Bell (Mr.), Lord Kingsdown's sketch

of, at the Chancery Bar, cxxix.

49 Bell (Currer), her constant use of

French words in · Villette,' cxx. 49 Belleisle (Charles Louis Augustus

Fouquet, Comte de, 1684-1761), his anti-Austrian policy, cxxv.

486; his retreat from Prague, 487 Bellini (Jacopo), his Italian paint

ings, cxxxv. 144-148 Belsunce (M. de, Bishop of Mar

seilles), his belief in the apparition of the Sacred Heart, cxxxix.

252 Benbow (John, Admiral, 1650-1702),

his mission to the West Indies,

cxv. 12

Bendigo (Australia), system of gold

mining at, cxvii. 111; quartz-reefs

at, 113

Benedek (Austrian general), his

conduct in the war of 1866, cxxiv. 590, 592

commander-in-chief in the war of 1866, cxxv. 365; withdraws from Silesia into Bohemia, ib. ; his change of front, ib.; reinforces Gablentz, 375; his movements before Sadowa, 379, 380; kept in check at Chlum, 382; his conduct at Sadowa vindicated, 385

his study of Prussian tactics before 1866, cxxxiii. 549 Benedetti (M.), his negotiations in

1866 with Bismarck, cxxx. 453 Benedict (St., b. 480), circumstances

of his rise, cxiv, 330; character of his rule, 331 ; his despotic organisation, 332 ; his emissaries, 333; objects of his institution, 345

Benedictines, literary character of

the order, cxir. 250
Benefit clubs, cxxxviii. 102. See

Friendly Societies
Benefit societies, unsoundness of, in

1864, cxx. 417, 418
Bengal, physical features of, cxxix.

205; establishment of British
Authority in, 206; policy of Clive
in 1765, ib.; evils of double go-
vernment, 207, 208; the famine of
1769-70, ib.; rural distress and
mortality, 211; report of Warren
Hastings, 212; social disorganisa-
tion, 213; Mr. Keating's reforms
at Beerbhoom, 214; aboriginal
tribes, ib.; Iryan invasions of,
215; tenacity of Brahminical in-
fluence, ib.; Hindu demon-wor-
ship, 216; worship of the 'Gram-
Deotas,' or village gods, ib. ; his-
tory of the Santals, 218, 224;
administration of Lord Cornwallis,

225; the judicial system, 226
Bennett (Rev. Mr.), vicar of Frome,

Selwood ; prosecution of, for here-
sy respecting the “Real Presence,'
cxxxvi. 270; nature of the con-
troversy, 271; evidence of the
New Testament, ib. (see Eu-
charist); ground of his acquittal
by the Privy Council, 289; the
prosecution injudicious, 291 ; his
Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist
declared lawful, 292; decision of
the Court of Arches compared,
293 ; impartial judgment of the

Privy Council, ib.
Benson (Thomas), his mill for flint-

grinding, cxxvi. 213
Bentham (Jeremy, 1748-1832), his

unsatisfactory account of the ef-
fects of legislation and morals on
happiness, cxiv. 485

his peculiar talent for legis-
lation, cxviii. 440, 441

enters Oxford at twelve,
cxxv. 59; his criticism of the
private business of Parliament, 86

Bentham (Jeremy), his utilitarian

system of morals condemned,
CXXX. 41

his daily life in London,
cxxxviii. 225; bis influence on
Mr. Grote, ib.; his Westminster
School,' ib. 229

his passion for gymnastics,
cxxxix. 99; establishes the West-
minster Review, 106; transient

influence of his school, 117
Bentley (Richard, 1662-1742), value

of his . Dissertation on Phalaris,'
cxiv. 142

Warburton's hostility to,
cxxii. 28; his classical emenda-
tions, 240; his peculiar English
style, 243

on the long concealment of
classical MSS., cxxxvii. 60
Bentley (Thomas, 1730-1780), his

partnership with Wedgwood,
cxxvi. 222–227; his life in Lon-

don, ib.
Benzol, Faraday's discovery of,

cxxxii. 190
Berar, progress of cotton culture in,
cxv. 499

scheme for irrigation of,
cxix. 126

official publications respect-
ing, cxxxvii. 225; its ancient
name Vaidarbha, 226; boundaries,
ib.; population and climate, ib.;
the Ajunta hills, 227; the plain of
Berar, ib.; objects of natural
beauty, 228; salt-wells of Akola,
ib.; early history, 229; Moghul
rule, 230; Akbar's survey, ib.;
Mahratta oppression, 232; the Ni-
zam's government, 233; British oc-
cupation of, in 1853,235; low state
of, at that time, 236, 237 ; divi-
sions of, ib.; British administra-
tion, 238; revenue returns, ib.
239; Ryotwar system of land,
240; adventitious elements of pros-
perity, 242; discovery of coal-
fields, 243; statistics of cotton

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