in England, 201; its present popu- |
larity, 202; white wines mixed
with sherry, 203; decreased con-
sumption of real port, ib.; revived
demand for foreign wines, 204
Wines, of Oporto, native quality of,
cxxxi. 468

-in France, taxes on, cxxxi. 386
Winget (Ninian), appointed Lord
Abbott of Ratisbon, cxix. 180
Winslow (Dr. Forbes), on
Diseases of the Brain,' cxii. 526;
on the symptoms of incipient in-
sanity, 528; on the diseases of
memory, 529; his theory of a co-
ordinating mental power during
insanity, 538

advocates asylums for habi-
tual drunkards, cxxxvii. 416
Winston (Charles), his memoirs of
glass-painting, cxxv. 154; his in-
consistent advocacy of Munich
glass, 155; on the evil effects of
oil-painting on glass-painters, 160;
his improvements in the quality of
glass, 163; defends the practice of
dulling, 171; his methods of glass-
painting, 173; analysis of ancient
glass, 175; specimen of his glass
at Windsor, 185; his contributions
to the art, ib.
Winthrop (John), Governor of the

Massachusetts Bay Company, edi-
tion of his Life and Letters,
cxxxviii. 25; early history of the
family, ib.

Wiseman (Cardinal), his pastoral
letter of 1864, cxx. 303; real ob-
ject of his attack, 304
Wissembourg, battle of (1870),
cxxxii. 508; moral effect of the
French defeat, 509
Witchcraft, historical belief in, cxxi.
432; trials in England for, 435

in America, cxxviii. 1 (see
Salem); exploded by modern sci-
ence, 47

Wodehouse (John, afterwards Lord
Kimberley, b. 1826), his prompt

suppression of Fenianism, cxxii.532
Wodehouse (John, afterwards Lord
Kimberley, b. 1826), his South
African policy as Colonial Minis-
ter, cxxxiv. 444
Wodehouse (Sir Philip, b. 1810), his
administration at the Cape, cxxxiv.
421, 433

Wodrow, his account of Claverhouse,
cxiv. 300

Woerth, battle of (1870), cxxxii. 510
Wolf (M.), on the influence of solar
spots on the weather, cxxiv. 53
Wollaston (William Hide, 1766-
1828), his discovery respecting
the nature of sunlight, cxvi. 298
Wollmann (Dr.), his resistance to
the dogma of Infallibility, cxxxix.
372; his suspension by the Bishop
of Ermland, ib.

Wolowski (M.), his able treatise on
Banks, cxxi. 247

Wolsey (Thomas, Cardinal, 1471-
1530), his cautious advice to
Princess Mary, cxxiii. 256; la-
ments her marriage with Suffolk,

his portrait in the National
Portrait Gallery, cxxiv. 350

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his Scottish policy, cxxvi. 257
Woltmann (Dr. Alfred), his Life of
Holbein,' cxxv. 410; appreciation
of English taste for art, ib.; com-
prehensive character of his work,
414; his theory as to Holbein's
grandfather, ib.; his limited sketch
of his life, 417; merits of his work,
ib.; his exuberant Protestantism,
ib.; his article in the Fortnightly
Review' on the last National Por-
trait Exhibition, 418; assumes his
visit to Italy, 423; on his Meyer
Madonnas, 426-430; on spurious
works assigned to Holbein, 431;
his criticisms of Holbein's pictures,

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'Woman's Work,' Essays on, edited
by Mrs. Butler, cxxx. 572; droll
suggestions, 593; Miss Wedge-

wood's theories, 600; list of learned
women in, 601
Women, Whately on their deficiency
of invention, cxx. 404

their qualifications for poli-
tics, cxxi. 409

vague discussions on their
moral and mental condition, cxxx.
573; legislative grievances of, 579;
the natural inferiors to men, 582;
question of relative intellects, ib.;
absurdity of alleged antagonism,
583; self-framed law of depend-
ence, 585; political power un-
suited to married women, 588;
absurd theories of the 'Saturday
Review,' 590; their influence felt
in married life, ib. ; class of highly-
cultivated unmarried women, 590;
essays on Woman's Work,' 593;
professional education for girls,
595; difficulties thereof with mar-
ried women, 596; alternative of
celibacy examined, 598; arguments
on learned women,' 601.
Mill, J.S.
Women, theories of their influence on
the character of their children,
cxxxii. 120, 122; employment of,
in postal telegraphy, 215, 220
Woodbury (Mr.), his process of pho-
tographic relief-painting, exxxiii.




'Woof of War,' the, poem of, cxiv.

Woollen manufacture, increase of
exports from France since the
Commercial Treaty, cxx. 570 and

Woolwich Royal Military Academy,
the competitive system at, cxxxix.
334; evil monopoly of' crammers,'
351; Report of the Royal Com-
mission of 1869, ib.
Words, expression of 'general ideas'
in, cxv. 100

Wordsworth (William, 1770-1850),

his remark on Landor, cxxx. 248;
his friendship with Mr. Crabb

Robinson, 523, 526; his later
High Church opinions, 527
Wordsworth (William, 1770-1850),
his poem 'The Triad' criticised by
Sara Coleridge, cxxxix. 50; his
death, 65; consoling influence of
his poetry on J. S. Mill, 133

his appearance and manners
described by Mr. Greville, cxl.

Wordsworth (Dr., archdeacon of
Westminster), on the Grammar
of Inspiration,' cxxii. 106; on the
received text of the Apocalypse,
111 note

'Work and Wages,' Mr. Brassey's
work on, cxxxviii. See Labour
Workhouses, evils of infant educa-
tion in, cxxii. 344


earliest Acts respecting, cxxv.

Working-classes, taxation of, com-
pared with that of the propertied
classes, cxi. 263, 267

effect of depreciation of gold

on, cxii. 26

dangers of unlimited suffrage
with, cxxii. 274, 276; proper limits
to their representation, 281

changes in their condition
since 1832, exxiii. 283; working
men in Parliament, 289

proposed admission of, to the
franchise in 1866, cxxv. 273

their ignorance of political
economy shown in trades' union
rules, cxxvi. 448. See Trades'

their expenditure on drink
and tobacco, cxxxi. 385; cxxxvii.
400, 401

condition of, in the time of
Anne, cxxxii. 538, 540

their high rate of wages,
compared with those in foreign
countries, cxxxviii. 96; their dis
inclination to save, 97; extension
of investments to, 113; value of
co-operation in investment, 115;

amount of saving within their
reach, 117
Working-classes, their alleged Con-
servatism, cxxxix. 274; their sup-
posed alienation from the Liberal
party, 227; their view of the land
question, 283
Wornum (Mr. R. N.), his 'Life and
Works of Hans Holbein,' cxxv.
410; on Holbein's brothers, 415,
416; on his Meyer Madonnas,
426-430; his criticisms of Hol-
bein's pictures, passim
Worsaac (Professor), on the 'Three
ages of Man,' cxvi. 155
Worsley (P. Stanhope), his transla-

tion of the Odyssey, cxvii. 353
Wotton (Sir Henry, 1568-1639), his
provostship of Eton, cxiii. 394
Wreck-Register, the, statistics of,
cxv. 154

Wren (Sir Christopher, 1632-1723),
his original design of St. Paul's,
cxviii. 85

his Report on Old St. Paul's,
cxxix. 191

his Cathedral of St. Paul's,
cxxxviii. 453, 482
Wright (Thomas), his 'Celt, Roman,
and Saxon,' cxi. 356; his interest-
ing work on Uriconium, 365 note

his theory of bronze weapons
rej e cted, cxxxii. 471

XAVIER (ST. FRANÇOIS, 1506-1552),
his missionary efforts in Japan,
cxvii. 525

his independent system of
missionary enterprise, cxviii. 560
and note

his arrival in Japan, cxxxvi.

Xeno, ancient Homeric critic, cxxxiii.
358, 360

Xenophanes (b. B.C. 620), his theory
of the stars, cxvi. 91
Xenophon (about B.C. 450-360),


Wright (Mr.), his translation of the
Iliad, cxxi. 143

Writing, art of, question of its anti-
quity among the Hindus, cxii. 378

questions as to its introduc-
tion into Egypt, cxix. 141 note
Wrong, considered as a violation of
rights, cxviii. 455; defective legal
interpretation of, 456
Würtemberg (King of, d. 1864), his
encouragement of horse-breeding,
cxxxviii. 444

Würzburg, meeting of German
bishops at, cxxxix. 367

Wykeham (William of, 1324-1404),
his statutes for Winchester Col-
lege, cxiii. 401

Wynn (Miss Williams), the authoress

of 'Diaries of a Deceased Lady of
Quality,' cxix. 305; her desultory
mode of writing, 306; her criti-
cisms of the leading actresses, 313;
her account of the last moments
of Louis XVI., 338
Wyse (Sir Thomas), his 'Excursion
in the Peloponnesus,' cxxii. 533;
his qualifications for the work,
535; his pleasant style, 537; his
niece's excellent edition, 538; on
the typical nature of Spartan
scenery, 541; his strictures on
Government apathy, 554; his
popularity at Athens, 565

his treatise on economics, exvi.

Xenophon, his country-house at Skil-
lus, cxxii. 544

Xerxes (d. B.c. 465), question of his
identity with the Ahasuerus of
Scripture, cxxi. 67

Ximenes de Cisneros (Francisco,
Cardinal, 1437-1517), Viceroy of
Castile, cxxxi. 358; treatment of
Doña Juana, ib.
Xochicalco, ancient pyramid of,
CXXV. 360

YAKOOB KHAN (son of Shere Ali),
his detection of Dr. Vambéry's
disguise, cxxv. 30 note


- his mission to Persia, cxxxviii.
256; his rebellion, 288.

Yakoob Kooshbegee, ruler of Kash-
gar, cxxvii. 390; his victory over
the Toonganees, 391, 392; policy
of Sir John Lawrence, 393; rule
of, in Altyshahr, 394; his Russian
policy, 395

Yakoob Beg, ruler of Kashgar, career
of, cxxxix. 299; contests with the
Toonganees, 300; his conduct to
Hubeeboollah, 302; assumes the
title of Atalik Ghazee, 303; his
campaign of 1870 against the
Toonganees, 304; austere char-
acter of his rule, 305; his sys-
tem of taxation, 306; his inde-
pendence of the Chinese Govern-
ment, 307, 309; relations with
Russia, ib. 312; commercial
treaty with Russia, ib.; his over-
to England and Turkey,

Yarkund, anarchical state of, in 1867,
CXXV. 35

Mr. Forsyth's mission to,
cxxxix. 314
Yavanas, the, their place in ancient
Indian history, cxxx. 504; con-
quest of Cuttack, 507

Yeddo, bird's-eye view of, cxiii.
46; its defences, 47; picturesque
suburbs, 50

Yeh (Governor of Canton), his Re-
port to the Chinese Emperor on
Indian Mutiny, exi. 98,




Yeomanry, rise of the class, cxxvi.
See Peasant Proprietorship
Yetholm (Roxburghshire), gipsy
colony at, cxii. 512

York (Eboracum), condition of,
under the Romans, cxi. 364
York (Frederick, Duke of, 1763-
1827), inquiry into his conduct
as commander-in-chief, cxi. 411;
his relations with Mrs. Clarke,
412; proceedings in Parliament,
413; letters of the Duke of Wel-
lington thereon, 415; Sir A. Ali-
son's defence of, 420

Young (Arthur, 1741-1820), his
sketch of agriculture in France,
cxiv. 349

his experiences of travel in
England, cxxxviii. 490
Young (Brigham, b. 1801), proclaims
the doctrine of polygamy, cxv. 202

his appearance described by
Baron Hübner, cxxxviii. 71
Young (Edward, 1679-1765), Lan-
dor's remark on his poetry,cxxx.246
Young (Dr.), his hieroglyphical re-
searches, cxi. 33

first professor of natural
philosophy at the Royal Insti-
tution, cxxxv. 331

Yule (Colonel H.), his translation of
Marco Polo, cxxxv. 1; his lively
introduction, 2; his eclectic text,
4; his notes on oriental jugglery,
28; and mediæval legends, 30; his
modest estimate of his oriental
scholarship, 31; etymologies cri-
ticised, ib.; his geographical merits,

Yverdun (Eburodunum), vestiges of
lake-village at, cxvi. 170

1714-1795), his treatise 'On the
Use of Ancient Christian Inscrip-
tions in Theology,' cxx. 224;
his project continued, with altera-
tions, by Marini, ib.

Zamora (Spain), aspect of the town,
cxxii. 154; Gothic architecture at,

Zany, early use of the noun and

verb, cxxx. 116, 117
Zarxo and Vaz, Portuguese adven-
turers, their expedition to Madeira,
cxxviii. 214

Zechariah, Book of, divided author-
ship of, cxiii. 482

Zeid ben Amr, his religious verses,
cxxiv. 16; interest of his career,
21; his meeting with Mahomet, ib.
Zena (of Elea, b. about в.c. 500), his
method of dialectics, cxxiii. 302;
his argument against the reality of
motion, ib.

Zenta, Turkish defeat at, cxvi. 509
Zoological Gardens (London), death
of monkeys in, from consumption,
cxi. 22

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Zoological Gardens (London) their
value to physiologists, cxi. 162;
primary object of the Society,
163; capacity of animals for
acclimatisation shown in, 164
(see Animals, Acclimatisation of);
varieties of deer in, 166; Sir Jung
Bahadoor's offer, ib. ; Lord Derby's
gift of elands, 167; vicissitudes of
the Society's career, 173; their
fortunes revived by the hippopota-
mus, 174; anecdote of the Senegal
chimpanzee, 177; proper treatment
of monkeys, 179; bisons presented
by the Emperor of Russia, 180
Zoology, the Protozoa described,
cxxx. 158; family of the Actino-
phrys, 159; deep-sea Foramifera,
the Eozöon of William Logan,
160; modern microscopic discover-
ies, 161

Züllichau (Prussia), attack on, in
1740, cxvi. 184

Zurich, lake of, discovery of lake-
dwellings in, cxvi. 159

Zwingli (Ulric, 1484-1531), his doc-

trine of the Eucharist, cxxxvi. 286




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