Arms kept his head and his title after of Guillim's “ Displaie of Heraldry," King Charles's head had fallen, after published in 1611, wherein the writer the

King's Bench ” had been observes : “ How difficult a thing it is changed, even after the word “king- to produce forme out of things shapedom” had been blotted out of the less and deformed, and to prescribe Republican dictionary. Cromwell, in- limits to things confused, there is deed, like most parvenus, loved pomp none but may easily perceive, if he and finery ; his pageants are said to shall take but a slight view of the have surpassed those of his royal pred- chaos-like contemplation of things, not ecessor in splendor and costliness, and only diverse but repugnant in nature, we doubt not that he kept the heralds hitherto incorporated in the generous hard at work.

profession of Heraldry : as the formes It was natural that in the days when of the pure celestial bodies, mixt with the shield was meant for use as well as grosse terrestrials ; earthly animals for ornament, when the crest was worn with watery ; savage beasts with tame; on the helwet instead of on the livery whole-footed beasts with divided ; repbuttons, and when the family motto tiles with things gressible ; fowles of was a war-cry, the study of heraldry prey with home-bred; these again should have been included in the edu- with river-fowles ; aery insecta with cational curriculum, and that a copious earthly; also things natural with artiliterature on the subject should have ficial ; arts liberal with mechanical, ariseu. In the sixteenth century a military with rustical, and rustic with curious little book called “The Acce- civil.” The author proceeds to inform dens of Armorywas published by his intending readers that he has done Gerard Legh. This purported to be a his best “ to dissolve this deformed dialogue between Gerard the Here- lump, distributing and digesting each haught and Legh the Caligat knight, particle thereof into his particular wherein, by the aid of roughly drawn rank." illustrations, the former explained to Legh, Guillim, and other early herthe latter the existing system of ar-alds waste a good deal of time and inmory. In the preface Legh divides the genuity in ascribing meanings to the ungeutle into three unequal parts, as colors, metals, and animals used in follows: “ The first whereof are gentle blazonry. Each color is supposed to ungentle. Such be they who will rather represent some more or less desirable swear arms than bear arms. Who of quality, such as or, wisdom, justice, negligence stop mustard-pots with their riches, and elevation of mind; argent, fathers? pedigrees. The second sort chastity, charity and a clear conare ungentle gentlemen, who being en- science; azure, a goodly disposition ; hanced to honors by their fathers, yet gules, strength; sable, constancy, cannot they keep so much money from divine doctrine, and sorrow for the the dice as to make worshipful obse- loss of friends ; vert, joy, love, aud quies for the said fathers, with any gladness; and purpure, jurisdiction. point of armory. ... Most of these It is curious that the poets should have desire the title of worship, but none adopted two of the heraldic colors to do work the deed that appertaineth the exclusion of the other five. They thereto. The third sort, and worst of sing of azure skies but not of gules all, are neither gentle, ungentle, nor sunsets, while their ladies' tresses are ungentle gentle, but very stubble curs, often sable but never or. Mr. Swinand be neither doers, sufferers, nor burne, if we remember right, once well-speakers of honors token."

clothed a heroine in a “ robe of vert.” Even as late as the seventeenth cen- The use of poetical figures, and similes tury the science of heraldry seems to drawn from the terms used in heraldry have been in a state of some confusion, has gone out of fashion to a great if we may judge from the address to extent with the decline of popular the courteous reader at the beginning interest in the subject. One fine ex


ample, however, occurs in the story of a horse for Trotter. In the reign of Euid in the “Idylls of the King,” Henry VIII. family arms began to where the poet describes how Enid and assume a more complicated and elabGeraint remained :

orate character, insomuch that some of

them have been compared to a garri. Apart by all the chamber's width and mute son well stocked with fish, flesh, and As creatures voiceless through a fault of fowl. The adoption of a Avrid style of

birth, Or two wild men, supporters of a shield,

armory was followed, as Bontell says,

by the substitution of pictorial reprePainted, who stare at open space, nor glance

sentations, often of a most frivolous The one at other, parted by the shield. and unintelligible description, for the

simple and dignified insignia of true The heraldic fauna is chiefly remark- heraldry. The same writer describes a able for the large number of chimerical grant of arms made to a family named animals that it contains. The preditec- Tetlow in 1760, which, with thirteen tiou of heralds for such creatures as other figures, included the representadragons, griffins, and unicorns may per- tion of a book duly clasped and ornabaps be explained by the fact that it mented, having on it a silver penny is sometimes convenient to be unable upon which was written the Lord's to compare portraits with originals. Prayer, while above the book hovered There is an old story of a provincial a dove with a crow-quill in its beak. heraldic paiuter who, on his first visit This was to commemorate one of the to London, was taken to see the lions family having written the Lord's Prayer in the Tower.

with a crow-quill in the compass of a "What I tell me those are lions," he silver penny ! exclaimed indignantly. “Why, I've In the department of family mottoes painted lions rampant, passant, cou- there is, perhaps, more scope for the chant, and statant for ne last twenty exercise of heraldic humor than in any years, and I should hope I know better other branch of the art. Mottoes are than to believe that those are lions." believed to owe their origin either to

Oue of the humors of heraldry is to war or to religion, that is, to pious be found in the rule that a lion is only ejaculations or to battle-cries. Each a lion when he is rampant; in any country had its national war-cry, and other attitude he is a leopard. Most of cach leader urged on his forces by the the qualities represented by the aui- shout of his own house. The old Irish mals are obvious enough, such as war-whoop was “ A boo !” from which strength and courage by the lion, pa- arise the “ Crom a boo !” of the Earls tievce by the ass, and deliberation by of Leinster, and the “Butler a boo ! " the snail, but others are a trifle far of the Butler family. Possibly the fetched, as politeness by the crane, derivation of that mysterious reproach, policy by the goat, and skill in music “ He can't say boo to a goose," may bo by the hart. Some of the heraldic found in the Irish battle-cry. The monsters are monstrous indeed. Few earliest known instance of a motto is families would care to bear upon their the Crede Beronti on a seal of Sir John shield the Wonderful Pig of the Ocean, de Byron appended to a deed dated the or the Falcon-fish with a hound's ear, twenty-first year of the reign of Edstill less the Scarlet Beast of the Bot- ward I., but the use of mottoes did not tomless Pit.

become general until the reign of EdCanting arms, or, as they are some- ward III. Family mottoes have been times called, allusive arms, have al- divided into three classes, the sentiways been popular, and this is not mental, the enigmatical, and the emsurprising when they are so simple blematical. Examples of the first and appropriate as, for instance, three class, which may be subdivided into whelk-shells for Shelley, a rabbit for the religious and the patriotic, are to Warrender, three trumpets for Call, or be found in such irreproachable decla

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rations as Spes mea in Deo, " My hope the family arms, and Lord Cholmondeis in God," or Vincit amor patrice, ley's Cassis tutissima virtus,

“ Virtue "Love of country conquers.”. Of the the safest helmet,” to the helmets on enigmatical motto, the Duke of Bridge- his shield. The punning mottoes are water's Sic donec, “ Thus until,” and often as appropriate as they are epithe “Strike Dakyns; the Devil's in grammatic, witness the Templa quam the hempe," of the Dakyns family, dilecta, " How beloved are thy temmay be cited as fair specimens. ples,” of the Temple family, the Fare,

The emblematical mottoes usually fac, “Speak, act,” of the Fairfaxes, contain an allusion, punning or serious, the Quod dixi dixi, “What I have said, to the arms, crest, or name of the fam- I have said,” of the Dixies, the Je ily to which they belong. The Eger- .feray ce que je diray, of the Jefferays, tons' Leoni, non sagittis fido, I trust to the Qui s'estime petyt deviendra grand the lion, not to my arrows,” refers to of the Petyts, and many others of the lion between two arrowheads on varying degrees of aptness and merit.

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WOMAN'S TREATMENT OF WOMAN. - and the power that has been and will pres

Vera,” in the Lady's Pictorial, writes a ently be still further granted to us, will be strong indictment of the way in which good if it is to give us increased facilities women treat each other. “Experience,” for insulting and oppressing each other. she says, “often bitter enough, has taught It is rather terrible to think of the disus that when we are placed at the mercy of courtesy that might exist a couple or three our own sex we may expect but short decades hence, when we have it much shrift. Possibly there is a touch of the more our own way than at present. But feline in our natures after all, and we put we will not anticipate such a state of our backs up involuntarily in the presence affairs. Rather let us suppose that we of our own kind, and reserve our purrs for shall have all grown too sensibie to bother those of the other sex, for it seems to about such petty details as precedence, and

come natural' to a good many women to dress differences, and authority, and all scratch and snarl at each other. It is be- that sort of thing. We shall learn, let us cause the governess is so completely under hope, that it is unworthy of the high vocafeminine control that her lot is unenviable, tion to which we women have been called, and the shop girl will always declare that to snub each other, because we cannot all it is at the hands of forewomen they suffer dress with the same degree of richness, or most. Among professional workers the because we have not got husbands and same state of affairs exists, and, as we all brothers at our sides to fight for us and know, the famous proverbially combative take our parts. Until we learn to treat Kilkenny cats cannot outrival the royal each other with respect and deference and ladies who tear each other's clothes, pinch courtesy, we can hardly expect that we can and drag at, and even kick, each other on demand all this from men. However, Drawing Room days at Buckingham Pal- there is every reason to believe that we

One might instance a dozen cases of shall come to this complexion in good woman's incivility to woman, in the home, time. We have had much to learn and in society, in the street, the train or omni- much to unlearn, but we are patient, and bus, in offices or at places of amusement. clear-sighted, and tactful, and in due course But what would be the use ? We know we shall overcome all our follies, and learn them all We see them for ourselves each to take that wider view of life which day. It is of far more importance to ask has hitherto been blocked from our sight ourselves, Why should these things be? by old-fashioned prejudices. Meantime, I Women are treated everywhere nowadays would fain think that even now in really with extreme patience, if not with absolute great questions, when the treatment of our courtesy, by men, and each year finds sex generally is at stake, sex-piety' is them farther and farther within the fields not wholly unknown to us, and women whence they were once altogether ex- even to-day will stand shoulder to shoulder cluded. But we may well pause and con- for the righting of the real wrongs' of sider if the freedom and tolerance shown, ) their sex.



Sixth Series,
Volume IV.


No. 2629,- November 24, 1894.

S From Beginning,


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OF MOROCCO. By Walter B. Harris, Blackwood's Magazine,

Macmillan's Magazine,
By Madame Belloc,

Contemporary Review,

Temple Bar,
Saintsbury. Conclusion,

Macmillan's Magazine,

Spectator, .

Chambers' Journal, .

Spectator, ·

Public Opinion,

495 503



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And the ranks of the runners are strag(By our Dyspeptic Poet.)

gling thin

When the road grows steep and the pathWHEN the doctor's stern decree Rings the knell of lîbertée,

way rough ; And dismisses from my sight

And each will find there is room enough, All the dishes that delight ;

As he nears the goal where the race

comes in.
When my temperature is high -
When to pastry and to pie

Yet not to all is the lot assigned
Duty bids me say farewell,

To win the laurel and wear the crown ;
Then I hail thy fragrant smell !

For Fate is fickle and Fortune blind, When the doctor shakes his head, And sheds upseeing her smile or frown. Banning wine or white or red,

And the foremost runner is smitten And at all my well-loved joints

down, Disapproving finger points ;

When the bay-clad summit is well-nigh When my poultry too he stops,

scaled ; Then, reduced to taking “slops,” What then? Of a truth to have striven I, for solace and relief,

and failed Fly to thee, O Tea of Beef !

Is a nobler thing than unearned renown ! But — if simple truth I tell —

For the deafening roar of the cheering I can brook thee none too well ;

Thy delights, O Bovine Tea,

Falls sweet on vanity's eager ear,
Have no special charm for me !

And the fool is flattered if praise be loud ; Though thou comest piping hot,

And discerns not the true from the inOh, believe I love thee not !

sincere. Weary of thy gentle reign

But the still, small voice that the wise Give me oysters and champagne !

holds dear, Punch

Is the voice that whispers within the

breast, “Thou hast fought thy battle and done

thy best, HONOR, NOT HONORS.1

When thy captain calls, thou hast nought [And so you do not yet attain,

to fear."
Your brows are not yet crowned,
There is a summit still to gain

Then work while the blood in your veins
Before success is found ?

runs strong,
Yet should you fail - as all indeed

While limbs are supple, and hearts are
Have failed that went before
Be comforted ; if to succeed

While life is summer, and days are long,
Be much, to strive is more.]-H. J.

Ere winter comes with its sunless night, DENSER and mightier hour by hour

What tho' the deed that is done be Swells the throng upon life's highway ;

slight Fiercer the struggle for place and power, Feebly wrought and with lack of skill ! Till the giants of old were as babes to- Not the work itself, but the worker's will day,

Availeth aught in the Master's sight. And the heart of the novice with chill dismay

False and hollow the voice of Fame, Grows faint at the sight of the hopeless Fades the gilt on her glittering scroll ; race ;

Nor hails she any with full acclaim, For how shall he soar, if there be not space Till she hears the knell of his passing For the strong, swift beat of his wings to toll. play?

Then seek not a place on the heroes' roll ;

But take for your guide, in the world's True, there may be many that throng the start,


Not “What shall it profit?” but “God And eagerly jostle a place to win ;

and Right, But only the patient and stout of heart

Honor, not Honors,” shall be your Go on as bravely as they begin.

goal. 1 Motto of Sir Richard Burton.


C. E. J.

light ;

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