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Earl Powis on this side, Prince Albert on that, Ieration. Lord Cochrane's was quite a

We cannot tell which we should fight for; reputation to win the sympathy of the Shall we vote for the man who invented the

young and daring. Napoleon called him hat,

" le Loup des Mers," and always ex. Or the man who defended the mitre ?

pressed astonishment at the treatment the Then why, oh collegiate dons, do you run great captain received. I remember Lord Into all this Senate-house bother?

Dundonald saying, in no boasting spirit, Can it be that the lad who invented the one for he was simplicity itself, “that he never

Has a share in dispensing the other ? * knew what fear was." A near relative of

Much-loved Augustus Stafford, that the great Marquis of Anglesey told me frank, cordial, friendly nature, so sadly

that the marquis always made the same

remark. and harshly treated by those who should have judged all his acts in a more gen: lege life; wine-parties, riding-parties, read

We were very cosmopolitan in our col. erous manner! Yes, he was somewhat vain, proud of his talents - and why not? ing-parties, we took part in all, and pleasWhy should a woman not appreciate her ant they all were. Many an early ride to beauty, and a man his intellectual supe.

Newmarket, not for racing but for breakriority? Men of heart like to see the feels fast, and boating excursions to Ely. We ings of success and the glory of the tri- were never tired of visiting the cathedral,

one of the most beautiful and oldest eccle. umph lightening the brow and brightening

siastical churches in the land. the eye, and one should sympathize with

I do not intend to afflict you with a the language of Rahel to Ranke on the death of Gentz: “Therefore you cannot but there occurred an incident indirectly

series of undergraduate reminiscences; know how I for that

very reason loved

my lost friend when he said that he was so

associated with the Bishop of Ely which happy to feel his superiority to many suggests an amusing and original mode of happy to feel his superiority to many raising money. There was a rather popothers, and this with a little laugh of triumph. Wise enough to be silent is every and well liked in all sets, whose popularity

ular, extravagant young fellow, well known transient distorted mind; but give me the self-betraying soul, the childlike simplicity He was the nephew of Mr. Mortlock, the

led him frequently into financial crises. of heart to speak it out.”

Maga. All your college set were not great Cambridge banker, and also of the given to politics, but I suppose you asso

Bishop of Ely. The relatives did all they ciated with men of all opinions and of all could-paid and paid until they would pursuits ?

pay no more, and at last desired bim to A. There was a great deal of 'sympa. refused to do, but adopted an unusual ex:

take his name off the boards. This he thetic sentiment at this date among the undergraduates. For instance, when the pedient to have his debts paid. He hired Earl of Dundonald (better known as Lord an apple-stall and a small tent, placed Cochrane, the hero of Basque Roads) paid bank, with the inscription in large letters

them exactly opposite Mr. Morilock's a visit to Cambridge, he dined in the Hall of Trinity College, and when he entered on the stall, “Fruit-stall kept by Mr. the hall all the fellows and students stood bankers, and of the Right Reverend the

Mortlock, nephew of Messrs. Mortlock, up. This was remarkable ; for the glori- Lord Bishop of Ely. No change given." ous exploit of Basque Roads occurred in He passed the day seated in the tent in a 1809, but it still interested the rising gen- magnificent, velvet-lined cloak, books on

Although it has no connection with this period, I the table; beside him there was a plate am tempted, while quoting graceful verse, to recall two to receive donations, which poured in stanzas by Cowper, written on the occasion of the fire sovereigns and half-sovereigns abounded.

, Justice Murray was entirely destroyed :

As there was room for two in the tent, “And Murray sighs o'er Pope, and Swift,

friends took it by turns to sit with him.

Mr. Mortlock, the banker, could not move The well-judged purchase, and the gift,

out or even appear at the windows without That graced his lettered store.

seeing a crowd, whose sympathies were Their pages mangled, burnt, and torn, all with the stall-keeper, and who enjoyed But ages yet to come shall mourn

the joke immensely. The result was inThe burning of his own."

evitable. He had to be bought off. HowMr. Pitt used to say that letters of Murray or Peter- ever, he did not remain at college; the borough were those which he would rather possess than authorities found an early excuse to get any other originals. The few specimens we have of Murray's compositions justify the high appreciation of rid of him.

Maga. I dare say you could fill a vol.

66

And many a treasure more,

The loss was his alone;

Mr. Pitt.

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ume with anecdotes of college life; but I must bring to its study qualities to which feel more interest in the conduct of Young I have no pretension, industry, philosoEngland in the House of Commons. phy, deep thought, perfect habits of busiWhere did you sit? For there are no ness, upremitting self-denial. When my cross-benches in the Commons as in the name shall be forgotten, or remembered Lords, where it is understood peers have only as a household word beloved by my places assigned for what Lord Rosebery children or descendants, you, sir, will be called “ cross-bench minds."

remembered, for you belong to history; A. No; but sitting below the gangway, you will ever be spoken of as the statesman it is understood you are open to convic- of unsurpassed ability, as the consummate tions, and are not out-and-out ministerial. orator, the unrivalled debator, as one who ist. The Young Englanders were not achieved successes in a field of intense supposed to adopt a factious line; they competition. Will you not demand somesimply expressed in bright and vigorous thing more, standing as you do on the language fresh political views, which they summit of fame, with, as 'I may say, all hoped to see adopted by the government, nations and languages at your feet, — will so they sat on the bench exactly behind you not use your power, like the prophet the ministerial or leader of the opposition. of old, to bless and not to curse the peo. It was not without anxiety Sir Robert ple? Peel heard the voices of the new party, A similar appeal was made to Sir Robwho clearly intended to be independent ofert Peel as to the use of his great power, the Tapers and Tadpoles of the govern- in the following verses :ment, and would not at word of command Oh thou to whose plebeian brow cheer his glowing utterances. They were The noblest lords are forced to bow, the more important because the Times, as And e'en thy sovereign must avow, represented by Mr. Walter, adopted them, Thy plenitude of power ; and honored their speeches with leading So high indeed thy name doth rise, articles and panegyrics. The fact is, Sir That men who love thee not nor prize, Robert Peel was not popular in the House, Can with thy feelings sympathize and not even with the nation, for whom he In this triumphant hour. made the greatest sacrifice, even that of When high-born fools who would think it consistency. When he arrived from Rome shame in 1835, he was at the zenith of his popu- To bear thy father's honest name, larity and fame; it was something to have Now humbly beg to share the fame a whole nation hanging in suspense on the

And trophies of the war; movements of one man, while the Duke When ’neath the spur hot Stanley frets, of Wellington really filled ad interim And, thankful for the post he gets, every office in the State. It was then Sir The last of the Plantagenets

Walks fettered to thy car. Robert had that remarkable reception at Glasgow, when he was installed as lord Ohl if thou couldst but understand, rector of the university, and made two How great to rule the noblest land speeches, one as lord rector, and the other That mortal eye has ever scanned in reply to his health at the banquet, Thou wouldst not stoop their aid to ask,

Since time its course began; which have never been equalled, certainly But doff the actor's hollow mask, never surpassed, by any succeeding lord Rise equal to the mighty task, rector. But if his speech was frank, free,

Proclaim yourself a man. and open, his manner was not so, and the result was that the great divisions in the Then thou wilt only place retain lobbies

To rid our commerce of its chain,

The bigot's folly to restrain,
Knit votes which served with hearts abhorring And give the poor man bread;
Peel.

And then perchance, content and free,

The people will thy guardians be, And all this arose from his shyness, for And in their gratitude decree he was a kind friend, a true and honorable

A laurel for thy head. man, of whom Mr. Raikes Currie (in one of those admirable speeches frequently But if with low and factious aim, delivered at the dinner-hour, which have Thou playest the landlord's degenerate game, therefore won no applause, either within No power on earth shall shield thy fame

From Britain's darkest frown. or without the walls of the House) so No craft nor speech nor haughty pride greatly and nobly expressed himself, when Shall turn the vengeful shaft aside, he said, turning to Sir Robert,“ He who The curse of talent misapplied would enter on a great political career Alone shall drag thee down.

66

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And thou wilt leave to after-times

large contiguous country districts — in.. Dark records of blood and crimes,

deed, in not rare instances, the agricultural And bards will tell in future rhymes,

element predominated; but up to the last Of one who, raised by fate

moment there was perfect confidence in From out the people's ranks to be

the staunchness of Sir Robert to protecThe lord of England's sovereignty, Fell far below his destiny,

tion, and the voters had been gladdened And did not dare be great.

with eloquent descriptions of golden crops

and remunerative harvests, " of the bold The orator and the poet were satisfied peasantry, the country's pride.” Nothing when in 1846 Sir Robert Peel proposed had been wanting to complete the picture the repeal of the Corn Laws. It is need of agricultural prosperity; now these vis. less to say what a blow this was to all his ions had melted into air, and hereafter party. The consequence of this sudden England was to depend on other countries change of policy extended far beyond the for her food supplies. Those of our party measure itself, for it was the commence- who cared for men more than measures, ment of the sad loss of confidence in pub- resolved to consult the great man himself. lic men.

It was not, however, until six Interviews with prime ministers are almonths afterwards that the division on the ways solemn events, and it was not withIrish Coercion Bill hurled the great min. out nervousness that we went to Whiteister from power. However much he was hall_Gardens. But if we were nervous, convinced of his own integrity of purpose, Sir Robert Peel was much more so. No it cannot have been without deep emotion schoolboy could be more anxious than the that on this memorable evening he saw great minister. While with one band he the great country party pass into the op- fidgeted with his watch.chain and seals, position lobby. It was well said at the with the other he played with papers which time that those who voted against him on were lying on the table. Still, when once that occasion “were men of honor, breed. he began to explain the position, no words ing, and refinement, of great weight and could be heartier, no expression of feeling station in the country." They had been nobler. He said his brother, Colonel not only his followers but his friends, had Peel, found himself in the same difficulty. joined in the same pastimes, drunk from When Sir Robert was told that in some the same cup, and in the pleasantness of instances it was impossible conscienprivate life had often forgotten together tiously to retain the seat without re-elec. the cares and strife of politics. He must tion, he made tempting offers to vacate have felt the bitterness of fate, while the on taking office, which were invariably de. Manners, the Lowthers, the Bentincks, clined. One of the elections consequent the Somersets, passed before him. Yes ; on these events was remarkable. The these were the country gentlemen, the rival candidates were exactly equal the gentlemen of England, with whose cheers, whole day. The poll was published every but five years before, the very same build-hour after eight o'clock, and on each occa. ing had been ringing whenever he rose; sion it was a tie. The poll should have they were proud at having him for their closed at four o'clock, but at a quarter to Jeader. So they marched out, all the men four an excited mob made an attack on the of high character, and large-acred squires, polling-booth. It was carried away, towhose spirit he bad so often quickened, gether with the returning officers and polland whose council he had so often solic-clerks, the Liberal candidate, as it was ited in his eloquent speeches.

supposed, being in a majority of one. The This occasion was the first difference return was to be declared at the town hall, of opinion in the Young England party. whither the Conservative candidate went To some it seemed more desirable rather to protest against the return as illegal, the to continue to support a Conservative poll not having been kept open until four, ministry, than to turn out Sir Robert Peel As he commenced a very energetic prot. and let in the Whigs for the sake of a estation, the returning officer beckoned great principle, more especially when he him to draw near, and whispered, "It is a could only be put into a minority by vot- mistake, you have a majority of one."

As ing with the opposition. It was a very be spoke the band was heard approachdifficult position for young politicians to ing, playing “ See the Conquering Hero be placed in, the more so as not a few had comes !" They were chairing the supvery recently been speaking at agricultural posed successful candidate. When the meetings, and advocated the principle of triumphal procession reached the town. protection in magniloquent periods. Many hall, they were told of the mistake, when of the boroughs at that time embraced (as was commonly reported) the occupant

of the chair descended from his rickety more popular ever filled the post. He and most uncomfortable elevation, for the was given two rooms, and one of these he bearers were in very bigh spirits, and the invited his friends to smoke in. There Conservative, then member, took his place. were the pleasant reunions. Within these Again “ See the Conquering Hero was walls no party feeling entered; it was played by the same band, the same mob of " lasciate ogni asperitate voi ch'entrate.” thirsty souls cheered, and the same amount Each of the invited brought his own cigars of beer flowed, although from a different and wbiskey - that is, all who frequently source. Alas! the result of all this was enjoyed this society used to send a present the break up of the great country party, of whiskey, and there was no ligbt conand, wbat was more, the loss of confidence sumption of the old Glenlivet and poteen. in the consistency of public men.

On one occasion Mr. Gladstone was asked It was very remarkable that a states: what he imagined was the consumption man who had seen and lived so much in all during the session. He put it at three societies, and with so great self-command hundred and fifty bottles, and he was right in public, was so shy in private life. I within half-a-dozen. I very much question remember on one occasion going rather whether the new smoking-rooms ever will early to dinner — a large Parliamentary see such a genial society as the small re. dinner -- in Whitehall Gardens, and meet-treat where the walls were covered with ing a member who was leaving. “I must the photographs of the visitors, and where be very late," I said to him.

the pleasant talk until “Who goes home?" “No; you are early," he replied; “ but was heard, was only interrupted by the I am sure there is a mistake in the day. division bell. I must have been invited for next Satur. Few deaths ever produced such a sense day, for I have been in the picture gallery of loss to the nation as the death of Sir with Sir Robert for a quarter of an hour, Robert Peel, which occurred in 1850 in and he has never spoken a word to me.” consequence of a fall from his horse, on

This was a new member, and not ac. Constitution Hill. The people seemed quainted with Sir Robert's manner. I stunned. Right or wrong in his politics, advised him to return. He did so, and he had occupied a large place in the nawas warmly greeted by Sir Robert, who tional mind. It was hard to realize the gained confidence with the increase in the loss of that great intellect. It was a mournnumber of his guests.

ful day in the House of Commons when Sir Robert was not less remarkable for Mr. Gladstone rose to move the adjournhis physical than for bis mental power. ment of the House; there were tears in He was an excellent shot and a good the eyes of all present. “Now,” said the walker. I have heard one who was learned great orator :in all manner of sports say he had met few

Is the stately column broke, better walkers and better shots ; but both

The beacon-light all quenched in smoke, as a walker and a shot, he never met any

The trumpet's silver note is still, one to equal Sir Robert.

The warder silent on the hill. He dined frequently at the House of Commons. The catering was at that time And then in thrilling voice and in noble in the hands of Bellamy. There was a language the speaker expressed in no exgreat difference between the dinner ar. aggerated terms the deep loss the nation rangements at that time and the present. had sustained. There is no assembly Then, members dined in the kitchen, and more sympathetic than the House of Comthe dinner was cooked before them. There mons, or more generous in its instincts. was little besides beef-steaks and mutton. It is easy to talk of the deterioration of the chops; but they were grilled at a roaring House. I believe that there is

very

little fire, and never were mutton-chops better deterioration, and that it still remains the served. Now, there is an elaborate menu first assemblage of gentlemen in Europe. of entrées and joints; but the change is This was an occasion to which Mr. Glad. not for the better, and the old members stone was equal, for it appealed to all the regret the simple cuisine of forty years deepest feelings of our nature. Had Mr. since. What would they have thought of Gladstone been a great prelate, his futhe new innovation of ladies dining within neral orations would have rivalled Bos. the sacred precincts? Never was change suet’s. Mr. Gladstone's great power arises greater than this, except in the smoking from the intensity of his conviction. It is arrangements. Formerly, the only place of no moment to him that the opinion of for smoking was Gossett's room. Captain Tuesday may not be the opinion of MonGossett was sergeant-at-arms, and no one day; but whatever his opinion at the time,

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he is thoroughly convinced that it is These were pretty near the words in the right. To attack him, then, on the ground funeral oration of the maréchal, in which of inconsistency is idle ; he will reply that the expression, "le silence de son cabi. he is the one consistent man that

net was curiously translated by Mr. DisNel mondo mutabile e leggiero

raeli “in the recess of the Cabinet; Costanza e spesso il variar pensiero.

if I remember right, it was this which at

tracted attention. Had Mr. Disraeli taken It was well said by some one, “When the trouble, he could have spoken imperMr. Gladstone brings forward a question ishable words on that occasion. Only two it is with a majestic authority, as if he years had passed since the invasion of the came down from the mountain with the Houses of Parliament by Feargus O'Con. Ten Commandments in his despatch-box nor and his Chartist hordes had been for private reference.” I have always felt averted by the genius and determination that if Mr. Gladstone, from his place in of the great captain. When the queen the House, chose to accuse me of any went to Osborne, and the duke accepted crime, not only would he at once persuade the command of all the forces, it was un. the House that I had committed it, but derstood that he was to possess undivided would persuade even myself that I had responsibility and authority. It was truly done it.

a momentous day when in the very early Mr. Gladstone's sympathetic utterance dawn a large force was concentrated in on the death of Sir Robert Peel reminds the metropolis, and yet not a soldier to be me that two years later his great rival seen the whole day; not a carriage was moved the funeral honors of the Duke of seen in the streets, which were only paWellington. The highest expectations trolled by special constables. At four were aroused; never was such a grand o'clock, when the House was sitting, occasion more favorable for a noble Feargus O'Connor asked permission for orator than the death of Sir Robert Peel the Chartist delegates from the mass on

- for in the case of the great duke there the other side of Westminster Bridge to could be but one unanimous sentiment. introduce the monster petition. The an. If I remember right, there was a national swer was, that the petition of the people mourning. Over the untimely grave of would, of course, be received by the House, the eminent statesman, passions were but no deputation. Then Feargus O'Conhushed for a time; but party animosity nor's heart sank. On the Vauxhall side only slumbered, for there were many who of the bridge, there were the tens of thou. loved him not and deplored him not. The sands he had collected from all parts in great captain's death was felt throughout the hope of the plunder of the metropolis; the length and breadth, not alone of Great but O'Connor well knew that although no Britain, but of the civilized world. Well soldier was seen, they occupied every was it written at the time, “ It is the last house in the vicinity ; that the great duke stone torn from the ancient foundations had said, if one of his soldiers was struck of the European monarchies, and the pres- with a stone, or a man put his foot on the ent generation, leaning breathless over bridge, the leaders of the movement and the dark gulf of the future, and listening their followers must take the consequences to its fall in the unfathomable deep.” The of their deeds. The cannon knew no dis. great minister, the powerful orator, ad- tinction of persons, so Feargus O'Connor dressed the House of Commons on this took the most prudent course, and with memorable occasion. Strange to say, be great difficulty induced his forces to disfell far short of the hopes and wishes of perse, and so ended the eventful revolu. all the expectant hearers. It was very iion of 1848. remarkable, and more remarkable that Some of the Chartist songs, though very he who possessed in their fulness “the profane, possessed a good deal of vigor. thoughts that breathe and words that burn," I remember the first stanza of one which should ever have adopted the words which was popular with this socialist party :had been spoken over the grave of the marshal Gouvion de Saint Cyr.

" Doubt. Crucified, crucified every morn, less," said Mr. Disraeli, “to think with Beaten with stripes and crowned with thorn; vigor, with clearness, and with depth in the Spurned and spat on, and drenched with recess of the Cabinet, is a fine intellectual Brothers, how long will ye bear this thrall ?

gall demonstration ; but to think with equal Mary of Magdalene, Peter, and John, vigor, clearness, and depth among bullets, Answer the question and pass it on. appears the loftiest exercise and the most complete triumph of the human faculties.” In Mr. Disraeli's graceful dedication of

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