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the island of Caprera, close to which we public school and college education. An-
passed about half way on our passage. other most interesting combination of
We saw it first mistily blue in the distance, college friends in the present century
but ever growing sharper in outline as we resulted in the Oxford movement, when
approached, and changing to a deep pur. we find, about the same period as Mr.
ple. When abreast of the island, the col. Gladstone's, a galaxy of brilliant talent
ors of the rocks were simply marvellous fraught with the most important destinies
in their variety and vividness of hue, grey, of the future. Newman, Manning, Faber,
yellow, and red, and here and there a Pusey, Ward, Moseley, all imbued with
deeper red where a landslip on the precip- the same earnestness of faith and sincerity
itous edge of the cliff showed the soil. of purpose. Cambridge was
There was no beach, and these glorious strong in literary sets or scholastic parties
rocks rose straight up into the sunshine as Oxford, notwithstanding the old verse :
out of a dark sapphire sea. For a brief
moment, one of our fellow passengers

The King to Oxford sent a troop of horse, thought that here at last he had found the For Oxford knows no argument but force; Eden he had longed for. Alas, his dreams In place of troops, to Cambridge books were

sent, were short-lived, for on rounding the first For Cambridge knows no force but argument. beadland we came abruptly on a convict settlement.

There was at Cambridge a small reunion Every prospect pleases and only man is vile, of men very highly esteemed, who prewe murmured, as the shadow of a cloud ceded the Young England party. They floated across the bright yellow grass on

were called the Apostles; Hallam, Tenny. the upper slopes of the island.

son, Doyle, Monteith (the same whom I CECIL F. PARR.

have already mentioned as so intimately connected with Mr. Urquhart). The Apostles set was succeeded by the Young England party; it originated, as I have

remarked, in early friendships and good: From Blackwood's Magazine. fellowship. Every one wbo has enjoyed

the advantage of a public school education BY LORD LAMINGTON.

knows how strong those friendships are. Mr. Disraeli says in “ Coningsby:

loves in after-life can never bring their THE YOUNG ENGLAND PARTY. rapture; no bliss is so absorbing, no pangs Publisher of Maga. You promised to of jealousy or despair so crushing or so tell me your early political experiences. keen. What tenderness, what devotion, Were you in Parliament with the Young what illimitable confidence, infinite reveEngland party?

lations of inmost thoughts, what hopes in Author. Yes; but I was an outsider. I the present, what romance in the future, joined them much later. Young England, and melting recollections are confined in so called, was a body of young men who the simple phrase -a schoolboy's friend. had grown up together from Eton days. ship! It is these recollections that make

It is remarkable how much the public gray-haired men mourn over the memory education of England influences the lives of their schoolboy days, and it is a spell of public men. The associations of public that can soften the acerbity of political schools, and then of college, survive even warfare.” There was something also of political rivalries; it would be curious to the romantic poetic sentiment which exstudy the influence of college friendships isted at that time, when the memories of on political life. The present century has Byron and Shelley were still fresh. The seen many parties which have had their air was still full of Byronism; the golden origin and gained their strength by the youth might be seen with their shirt.collars ties of college sympathies. Take our turned down, and living on biscuits and great political meteor, W. Gladstone; soda-water, à la Byron. This frame of what a phalanx of young future legislators mind quickened the susceptibilities and and statesmen were at college with him! sympathies. Young politicians felt kindly

Cardwell, Dalhousie, Canning, Sidney towards tbe poor and suffering, and strove Herbert, Lord Elgin, Lord Lincoln, cum to improve their condition, not by giving multis aliis. All these achieved eminence them votes, but by ministering to their in Parliamentary and official life. Minis- wants and their enjoyments. What Rus. ter after minister, pro-consul after pro-con- kin calls “the two essential instincts of sul, bear testimony to the merit of our | humanity, the love of order and the love

IN THE DAYS OF THE DANDIES.

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of kindness," in their relations to the peo. On Palmerston Baillie makes attacks, ple, were the first principle of the Young But you must not thiuk him a lad of wax; England party. Radicals proposed to con- I'll tell you awhile if you'll hold your peace, sole the suffering by votes and speeches; For he's always a-faring up about Greece, – the Philosophic School gave them tracts

Fake, Young England, fake away. and essays. Young England desired to With Roncesvalles upon his banners, lighten their servitude and to add to their Comes prancing along my Lord John Man. enjoyments — in fact, to restore “Merrie England." People smiled at some of the He will play you a game of pitch-and-toss, panaceas suggested, but the smile was one From a Spanish bull-fight to Don Carlos, of kindness and approval.

Fake, Young England, fake away. Maga. Whom did the party consist of? Next Peter Borthwick comes, and who knows, A. Disraeli's novel of “Coningsby

Queen Christina might take him instead of gives a great many. There were Con- Munoz. ingsby, Lord Henry Sydney, Sir Charles And Benjamin Dizzy, our Jew d'esprit, Buckhurst, Oswald Millbank. A key to Who writes his novels in volumes three, “Coningsby" was published, which ex- Fake, Young England, fake away. plains that the above names were sup. We have Smythe, and Hope with his operaposed to represent respectively: Conings. by, Hon. George Smythe, afterwards Lord But they cannot get Dicky Milnes, that's Strangford; Lord Henry Sydney, Lord Alat John Manners, now Duke of Rutland ; Sir He is not yet tinctured with Puseyite leavenCharles Buckhurst, Mr. Baillie-Cochrane, ing, now Lord Lamington; Millbank, Mr. Wal. But he may drop in in the “cool of the eventer; Lord, Monmouth, the Marquis of ing,''* Hertford; Rigby, Mr. Croker; Sidonia,

Fake, Young England, fake away. Mr. Disraeli. There were a long list of

It may seem strange that I have only others, but there were many of the mem- slightly mentioned Mr. Disraeli, who was bers of Young England not included in supposed to be the head of the party; but “ Coningsby." Mr. Borthwick, Mr. Beres. this I understood was not so. He had ford Hope, Augustus Stafford, Mr. Rich- nothing to do with the original formation ard Monckton Milnes, afterwards Lord of this small but far from unimportant Houghton.

section. After it was fairly started he There were some amusing lines on took his seat on the Young England bench, Young England, by Serjeant Murphy, and by his genius attracted all the younger which were shown me by that popular members, when Grosvenor Gate became whip and favorite of the House of Com the centre where the political topics of mons, Colonel Taylor. They appeared at the day were discussed, and a generous the time of “Jack Sheppard,” when that hospitality was exercised. The politics admirable comedian, Paul Bedford, sang a of Young England may in part explain, if song with a refrain of “ Nix my dolly pals, it does not justify, Mr. Disraeli's Housefake away,” which was the popular air of hold Suffrage Bill, for one of the principal the barrel-organ and the ballad-singer for tenets of Young England was perfect conthe next season. I never had a copy of fidence in the people. There was an io. the verses, so quote from memory. tense conviction that the conservative

strata was to be found in the lower classes, In the city of Oxford I was born, At the time the moon was filling her horn,

and lately much had occurred to justify

this view. The great object of the party Of offspring I had divers rum ones,

was to relieve the working classes from And you will find them all in the House of the tyranny of the manufacturers and emCommons,

ployers. It was greatly by the energetic

action of young England that the Factory I'll tell you them all — there is Cochrane- Acts were passed. The effect which Mr. Baillie,

Busfeild Ferrand, one of the party, proAnd then we have Benjamin Disraeli,

duced in the House when he made his first Fake, Young England, fake away.

attack on the manufacturers, will live long Bridport's the seat that Baillie won,

in the Parliamentary memory. He bad From the veteran Purist Warburton;

only recently taken his seat, and had not And Mitchell's his colleague, with face so attracted much attention except for bis

yellow, A Russia merchant what deals in tallow, * Mr. Richard Milnes was known amongst his friends Fake, Young England, fake away.

“the cool of the evening."

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strenuous, bold, and burly appearance ;| Lord Lyndhurst; no one certainly posbut as soon as he rose, the House was sessed more brilliant qualities. He intaken by surprise by his Dantonesque vited me to hear his summing-up in the appearance and stentorian voice. The famous Begum Dyce-Sombre case. What great denunciator of all manufacturing an effort of memory that was! For three wrongs, of tyranny and fraud, had at last hours he went through the whole evidence appeared. It was a Danton, a Mirabeau, without even referring to a note, – dates, addressing the Convention — not a simple localities, interviews, – all were rememmember of Parliament, fresh from the bered; it was a grand exercitation. His hustings. When he spoke of the truck annual review of the session in the House system, and tore in shreds a piece of cloth, of Lords was always looked forward to full of what he styled "devil's dust,” the with the deepest interest. I remember a effect was electrical. Who,”

," each one curious incident. Dr. Paris told me of asked, was this man come to judgment, the influence of the imagination even on to strike the manufacturer root and branch so powerful a mind. He always had a with his terrible invective ?” — a York- small vial of some kind of pick-me-up shireman, who was master of the subject, compounded by Dr. Paris in his waistcoatand clearly well acquainted with all the pocket, to be ready in case of sudden secrets of the factory system. It was a faintness. On one of these occasions, at new revelation, and the Young England about the hour when the Lords met, Lord party followed up this speech by others in Lyndhurst drove up to the doctor's in a the country, which produced a great effect, state of great agitation, and said he had and interested every one in this small sec- felt for the bottle as he entered the Lords, tion of the House. So great was the in. missed it, and he must make up another terest they excited, that invariably the at once, for although he had never used first question asked by a stranger referred it for years, he did not venture to comto the Young England party. Well, this mence without knowing it was in his party, headed latterly by Mr. Disraeli, did pocket; he returned with his elixir, and exercise an important influence on social made a magnificent oration. His was a questions; and as has been stated in a grand old age, united alike with the old previous number," the boys," as they were and young ; but his dietary would not suit styled, were the favorites of society — for all palates or all purses, — pâtés de foie it was an event in society to find young gras and curaçoa are not panaceas that are men in Parliament with a new set of ideas, generally attainable, - but whatever the who spoke in the name of the people, and diet, it was well adapted to his grand na. combined the love of class privilege with ture. Happy days those were when we a deep sympathy for the masses.

were invited to George Street (Hanover called romantic, visionary, poetic; and Square), and made welcome by this Nesthere is even something in this, but there tor of hosts, the “old man eloquent," and was much more beyond. They had most by a hostess who in herself possessed all of them studied hard and thought deeply those qualities which such a mind as his on political questions, and there was a could appreciate, and which endeared her freshness of mind, an honesty of purpose, for herself, as well for the tie which united which was an agreeable change from the her to our affectionate friend and protechard, practical, dogmatic speeches of the tor. How gladly we learned from him

, old habitués, the red-tapist Parliamentari. the tales of his early life and splendid

As they were of good social posi- successes ! how he would hit off by word tion, it may well be imagined that the or action the nature of his colleagues ! interest the small party created was not “ I'll show you what Peel is,” and button confined to the House of Commons; the his coat up to his chin. “ There is Peel, old politicians on either side were very buttoned up with reserve.” Lord Lynd. kind to those who recalled to them their hurst quite realized Faber's notion of a own youth. If it is gratisying to see the grand old age:regard youth shows to age, the sympathy

Old age, what is it but a name of age for the young is not less touching,

For wilder joys departed ? and the verdict of the youth of the nation For we shall be forever young, is the anticipation of that of posterity:

If we are loyal-hearted. The new party found no warmer friend than Lord Lyndhurst, whose generous Lady Lyndhurst's pleasant dinners and qualities only became more expansive charming suppers we were always invited with advancing years. No public man of to. The great ladies mentioned in a for. the day commanded more respect than mer paper all welcomed us, and many

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others not mentioned there crowned us were invited to the Château Eleanor at with their sympathy and good wishes. Cannes, which place, now grown into a We were never tired of hearing Mr. Town- great city, owes its existence as a winter ley, who with Lady Caroline added so residence to Lord Brougham. At the time much to the charm of society, speak of when he first settled at Cannes the town the days of the French Revolution when consisted of one street and one small he was the frequent guest of Robespierre, house, hardly worthy of the name of a whom he described as a very pleasant com hotel, kept by a man called Pinchinet, panion and admirable raconteur. Mr. whom Lord Brougham called Pinch-'emTownley was in Paris during a part of the hard. It was quite by accident that Lord Reign of Terror, and was well known to Brougham ever purchased land aod built the members of the Committee of Public at Cannes. He was on his road to Italy. Safety. When in a merry mood, Robes. When he arrived at the Italian frontier on pierre was in the habit of pulling him by the Var, he was told if he passed on to the ears while he called him, " Ah, polis- Nice he would have to perform quarantine son! mauvais garçon !” This seems a on his return to France, the cholera being peculiar habit of French rulers, for we in Italy; so he returned to Canues, and read that Napoleon treated his favorite was compensated for the inconvenience courtiers in the same caressing manner. of the delay by the beauty of the surround

Lord Brougham was another of the ing country. There was the wide, richly ultimi Romanorum who welcomed the cultivated plain bounded on one side by youth of the time with kindly greeting: the rippling waters of the dark-blue sea; Many a lesson of political life we learned on the land side by the long waving line of from him. I recall that on one occasion the blue Estérel, or by hills covered with he laid down as the principle of the first the orange-tree, the vine, and olive; the element !of success the power of concen. ground carpeted with fragrant wild flowtrating the mind on one subject. We had ers; and the pine and the palm were not been talking of the French Revolution. wanting for the perfection of scenes such

“Do you mean, Lord Brougham," I as Claude loved to paint. Lord Brougham asked, “ that if you had been sentenced to decided to make an immediate purchase be guillotined at ten o'clock you would of land, which the country people were have forgotten it till the hour arrived ?” only too anxious to dispose of. He bought

• If I were sentenced to be guillotined several hundred acres, and built the Chaat ten o'clock I would not think of it until teau Eleanor; and later Mr. Leader the eight o'clock,” he replied. “On the occa Château Leader. To these were soon sion of my speech on the queen's trial, added Château St. George and a house when all my reputation depended upon it, built by Mr. Woolfield, the clergyman. I determined to banish it from my mind. At the present time, instead of four cha. I slept so sound the night before, I only teaux, may be seen forty or fifty monster awoke in the morning in time to go to the hotels, three or four hundred villas, intercourt."

minable boulevards, and endless streets. A keen sense of the ridiculous he con. No more rides in olive and orange glades, sidered a proof of genius. He possessed no wanderings through pine forests and an amusing sense of his own importance palm grove, and his popular estimation. One day I

Qua pinus ingens albaque populus, went with him to dine at the Trafalgar, at Greenwich. We were a party of six; it used to invite the wanderer to a charmwas a picnic dinner, and we each of using retirement and peaceful repose ; there paid our share. Lord Brougham called are now hideous stuccoed houses or vul. for writing materials and wrote a cheque. gar æsthetic villas, while the publican, One of us suggested that if he had not dealer, and trader have supplanted the any money we could lend it. “No, no," simple, kind Provençal. said Lord Brougham, “I have plenty of Maga. You mentioned Mr. Leader, money; but, don't you see, the host may member for Westminster, was he the same prefer my signature to the money.” Lord Mr. Leader who played a not inconsider. Brougham's kind interest in us was not able part in Parliament at one time? limited to London; it extended to his A. Yes. Talking of parties in the charminy residence, Brougham Hall, House, I wonder I omitted himn and Sir which is admirably restored, and a perfect William Molesworth. He aod Sir William specimen of Gothic architecture. There Molesworth did form a party and used are few places commanding such wide and to give Parliamentary dinners, inviting beautiful prospects. The most favored | the members in their joint names. What

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were the exact tenets and opinions of their All the Young Englanders were in some party (I think they numbered twenty or degree poetic. A few of them were poets, thirty) I am ignorant, but they were known and wrote very graceful verses. Among by the general designation of “ philo- them Monckton Milnes was most known sophical Radicals." You are aware that and admired. Some of his poems will Molesworth was afterwards colonial sec. live as long as the English language. The retary, and gained great credit in the post. “ Brookside ” and “They seemed to those Mr. Leader subsequently sold the Château who saw them meet” are dear to many a Leader and settled in Florence.

sympathizing heart. Mr. Beresford Hope Maga. Is he still there?

is not so well known, but he wrote lines A. Yes; he resides there at the present well worthy of record. time. He has made extensive purchases But our great master of epigram and of land round Florence, especially at impromptu verse was one not exactly a Fiesole, where a remarkable Castle Vin- member of Young England, but who alcigliata has been rebuilt by him, repre. ways gave them his support, and was besenting precisely the old one which was loved by men of all parties and opinions. nearly destroyed during the wars of the Augustus Stafford – the very name rerepublic. He made a good exchange from calls all that is genial, kind, and true — at the benches of the House of Commons to college or after college, in the House of the City of the Lily, seated in all her Commons or in the lobby, he was a unibeauty by the Arno.

versal favorite. I think he was the author Maga. This brings me back to Young of the lines on the master of Trinity – England, from which we have wandered. Whewell, whom they were irreverently

A. True, the memory is very discursive. wont to call Billy Whistle. The master Lord Brougham recalled the Riviera, the of Trinity had published the profoundest Riviera suggested Leader, Leader Flor works on the deepest and most abstruse ence; but I return to Young England, subjects; one of these was the “Plurality who may be said to have come to light at of Worlds.” One morning he received Cambridge. The Union of Cambridge the following: was the vestibule of St. Stephen's. Young Through the realm of invention wherever you England brought to the House of Com

travel, mons the fervid declamation which was And the secrets of worlds and of nature unthe characteristic of undergraduate ora- ravel, tory, and which used to call forth the You will find when you've mastered the works cheers of the Pitt and Canning Clubs. of infinity, The young party started with one great | The greatest of all is the Master of Trinity. advantage : they believed in themselves The master of Trinity had a very exalted and in the power of sympathy. For them opinion of his own importance, because youth was rich in possibilities. Mr. Dis the master's residence had been once a raeli writes, “ I do not say that youth is palace. He considered himself entitled genius, only it is divine.” The history of to royal observances, and undergraduates heroes is the history of youth. The age were not permitted to sit in his presence. thirty-seven the old age of intellect. I have heard that some amusing incidents Byron died at thirty-seven; Raphael, occurred when the queen visited Cam. Richelieu, died at that age. Was not Mr. bridge and resided at the master's house. Lord Henry Petty, chancellor of the ex. occasion of Prince Albert's installation as chequer at twenty-one ? Did not Napoleon, chancellor of the university, to that col. a sub-lieutenant, without any influence to legiate throne where aid him, command the armies of Italy at twenty-seven? Was he not first consulat Villiers, grace of old, and Cecil's grandeur

shone thirty-one; emperor at thirty-three; had kings for his sentinels when he was thirty. when the famous contest took place befive ? All his marshals, Kleber, Massena, tween the prince and the Earl of Powis. Jourdan, Hoche, were under thirty. Don It was at the time when Lord Powis had John of Austria fought Lepanto at twenty- been the defender of the Welsh bishoprics, four. Thus, to Young England all life lay and Prince Albert had just invented a new mapped out before them. It was not, like infantry, uniform hat, which had not obColumbus, the Old World seeking the tained the approbation of the army. This New; it was the New World of ideas was too tempting an opportunity for Austarting forth to influence, if not to renew, gustus Stafford, and the following verses the Old.

were widely circulated : 3587

Pitt prime minister at twenty-three ? - "The queen's visit I allude to was on the

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LIVING AGE.

VOL. LXIX.

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