corrupt Christianity, and set up a spiritual tyrant is the Church. He lay dead therefore from the year 313 to the year 606. The propriety of this interpre· tation of the death and revival of the beast established.

p. 212. i. Bp. Newton's interpretation of it shewn to be untenablc.


p. 220.


ii. The scheme of Mr. Whitaker shewn to be still more ob

jectionable. p. 222. (4.) Aư historical statement of the events, which took place

during the time that the beast lay dead, and after his

revival. p. 225. (5.) An application of those events to prophecy. The last

head of the beast' consists jointly of his seventh and eighth heads; whence it may be termed his septimo. octave head. This head can only be sought for among the following powers: the line of the Western Empetors after the division of the empire; the three kingdoms of the Heruli, the Ostrogoths, and the Lombards; the Exarchate of Ravenna ; the Popedom;

and the Carlovingian empire. p. 232. i. It cannot be the line of the Western Emperors and the Papaty, as Mr. Mede supposes. p. 235.

2 ii. Neither can it be the three Gothic kingdoms in Italy and

the Papacy, as Mr. Sharpe supposes. p. 236. ii. Nor can it be the Exarchâte of Ravenna' and the Papacy,

as Bp. Newton' supposes. pi 237. iv. Nor the Papacy considered as existing in a two-fold ca

pacity, as Mr. Brightman, Mr. Mann, and others,

have supposed. p. 240. ř. But the Patriciate of Rome merging into the Carlovin

gian Emperorship. While Charlemagne was Patrician of Rome, he was the seventh head: when he became Emperor, he was the eighth head; the seventh and eighth heads being then, in his person, amalgamated, as it were, so as to form one septimo-octave head. p.



3. Three 1. The beast : his seven heads: his ten horns : 'his little horn:

p. 250



3. Three objections to this scheme of interpretation answered.

7 (1.) How à king of France can be a head of the beast, when

France itself is one of the beast's ten horns. p. 251. (2.) How the Carlovingian emperors can be esteemed a head

of the beast, when their temperat supremacy has. No more been acknowledged since the days of Charle

magne than that of the Pope. p. 253. (3.) That the Carlovingian emperorship is only the Augustan

emperorship revived. p. 257. 4. No power has arisen within the limits of the Old Roman

empire, which at all answers to the prophetic character of the double or septimo-octave head, except the

Carlovingian monarchy alone : because, p. 263. (1.) The Carlovingian monarchy was the Patriciate merging

into the fetidal Emperorship: P 263. .. (2.) Was the whole beast, as comprehending the whole Western empire; p. 263. }

C.1471 (3.). And was the beast, that was, and is not, and yet. is. ,BT. p. 263.313 43 2 te l'ois1916.!! 5. The ten horns of the beast appeared to the prophet to be

growing on the sixth head, i not on the lást, as Mr.

Mede and Bp. Newton think. p. 264. . )". III. Various points of resemblance between the beast, and thic

revived or papal Roman empire. p.265... 1. How the beast blasphemed the trame of God. p. 266. Il -2. How the world is said to worship the dragon, the beast,

and his imago. p. 267. ". 3. How power was given to the beast over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. p. 268.

P IV. Recapitulation of the preceding scheme of interpretation.

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his three eradicated þorns. p. 270. 2. The apocalyptic ten-horned beast is not represented with

a little horn, like Daniel's ten-horned beast, because the place of the little horn is occupied in the Revelation by a different symbol, the two-horned beast or false prophet. p. 271.

V. Accom

V. Accomplishment of the last part of the prophecy. p. 271. 1. The secular beast will not be fully punished until the

battle of Armageddon at the close of the 1260 years.

p. 271.

2. Yet his punishment seems, in an inchoate manner, to have

already commenced, p. 272. 3. The infidel king is nevertheless not allowed to prosper for.

his own sake. p. 274,

$ ECT. IV.

Concerning the two-horned beast of the earth.

1. OPINIONS respecting the two-horned beast. p. 277. 1. The two-horned beast and the image are not Infidelity

and Democratic Tyranny, as Mr. Kett thinks. p. 278, 7. Neither are they the French republic and the prostitute

goddess of reason and liberty, as Mr. Galloway thainks, p. 283

.. 3. Nor is this beast the Roman church as contradistinguished

from the Papacy, as Bp. Newton thinks. p. 289. II. Inquiry into his real character. He is the catholic spiri

tual empire of the Church of Rome, considered as including both the Pope his head, and the regular and secular papal clergy his two børns or distinct ecclesiastical kingdoms. This spiritual empire, which at its first rise was only a small spiritual kingdom, is represented by Daniel under the symbol of a little horn springing up among the ten horns of the Roman beast: but, when the saints were given into the hand of the little horn by the Pope being constituted bishep of bishops and supreme head of the universal Church, the little horn became a catholic spiritual empire, and as such is represented by St. John under the symbol of a second beast co-operating with the ten-horned or


secular Roman beast. Points of resemblance between

the two-horned beast and the papal empire. p. 290. 1. He springs up out of the earth, and is distinct from the

first beast. p. 293. 2. He has two horas like a lamb. p. 296, (1.) His first horn symbolizes the regular clergy. p. 300, (2.) His second horn symbolizes the secular clergy. p. 303. 3. He speaks like a dragon. p. 311. 4. He exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him.

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p. 314.

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5. He causeth all the inhabitants of the earth to worship the

first beast. p. 314. 6. He doeth great wonders in order to bring down fire from

hcaven, p. 316. 7. He causeth an image to be made for the first beast.

r. 319. (1.) The making an image for the beast denotes the setting

up an image for use and worship. P: 320. (2.) This image was set up through the instrumentality of

false miracles. p. 321, (3.) The manner in which the inhabitants of the earth were

induced to espouse the cause of image-worship,

p. 327: (4.) The manner in which the second beast gave life to the

image. p. 331. (5.) The image cannot be the Pope, as Bp. Newton supposes.


p. 335.

(6.) Neither can it be the Carlovingian empire, or the In.

quisition. For the making an image to or for the beast cannot mean the making a representation of him.

p. 339.

8. He causeth all to receive a man; and suffers none to buy

or sell but those that had the mark or the name of the

sccular beast or the number of his name. p. 340. (1.) The prophetic description of the name of the beast must

be carefully attended to, in order to discover what that name is: for it is not sufficient merely to dis. cover a name that comprehends the number 666, and


beast alluded to be

thence to infer that that name is the name of the

John. Upon this point the opinion of Irèneus is perfectly just. The name of the beast is Latinus. That name is the only one which will be found throughout to answer to the prophetic description : 1. it is the name of the empire symbo

lized by the ten-horned beast; 2. it is the name of an i individual man; 3. it is the gentile name of every

individual in the empire, borne by each on the ground of his being in spiritual communion with the Latin

Church; 4. and it contains the number 666. p. 340. (2.) The mark of the beast is the cross, as abused by the secu.

lar Latin empire to the purposes of cruelty and super

stition. p. 349. (3.) How none are suffered to buy or sell, except those who bear the mark or the name of the beast.


354. 9. The two apocalyptic beasts in short are the two contem1999 porary Latin empires, secular and spiritual. p. 356.

. III. To show their close connection with each other yet further, 2. St. John afterwards represents them jointly under one

great compound symbol, a harlot or apostate Church, Infiding upon a seven-headed and ten-horned temporal bir


beast. p. 357 1. The harlot sits upon many symbolical waters. p. 358. 2. She commits 'fornication with the kings of the earth, and

intoxicates their subjects with her cup. p 359, 3. Her place is the mystic-wilderness. p. 359. 4. Her character is a mystery, p. 360.,



The history of the true Church during the period of the great Apos

tasy--The hardest and vintage of God's wrath.

I. UNDER the image of 144,000 sealed servants of God stand1. ing and exulting on the mount Zion, is represented the


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