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THE FILIPINO TEACHER
The inauguration took place on the llth of this month at the Malolos High School. The august hall of the building was full of selected people: Goveraient officials, American and Filipino teachers, the Superintendent of the province, the principal of the High, School. Mr. Pettit, the Dean of the Ladies, Dormitory of the Philippine Normal School, Miss Mary E. Coleman, numerous teachers, high school girls, and boys and many invited guests. As one's eyes wandered around the beautifully decorated hall, there was a thing beautiful to behold: the spacious hall seem like a garden doeorated with breathing flowers.
Bulakan has the right to claim that she is one of the "garden of the Philippines." And it is Nttture's law that where there are flowers there flock the butterflies.
At half past eight P. M. the program was begun. The following was the program.
2. Address Mr. Escoldstico Gatmaitan
3. Speech Mr. Benito Sunga
4. Speech Miss Petra Baltazar
5. Music Orchestra
6. Address Mr. H. A. Bordner
7. Music Orchestra
Before the program was closed the secretary of the Association of the central board, in the name of the teachers in Manila, delivered the message. He spoke of the present condition of the Association, of the cordial congratulations the memorial, and gave of their brethren in Manila.
After the address the people gave themselves to the sways of Music until one o'clock A. M. In the meantime those who rests from over-dancing or otherwise were invited into the eunch room where they were served with refreshments which were exhaustless. This bail was given in honor of Mr. H, A, Bordner, the Honorary President of the Philippine Teachers' Association of Bulakan. Enthusiasm was the ruler over all the hearts. All the teachers were enthusiastic; their zeal was at the highest pitch and every face seemed to radiate rays of joy. Nor was Mr. Bordner less enthusiastic than any other soul for be showed an earnest order both in dancing and in his deep interest in the Association. Teachers of Bulakan ought to be proud indeed of a superintendent like theirs and they ought to be congratulated too for this noble effort and, their grand success in bringing out into realization the incarnation of their Ideal.
One very interesting thing to note was the perfect harmony which prevailed between superintendent, supervisors and teachers. There you would seek in vain for a discontented teacher; there favoretism was a stranger; there the teacher's right was never viole
ted; it was the strictest of Mr. Bordner to all hi a1 supervisors and principals not to correct the teachers before their classes; there, in the province of Bulakan, no supervisor had the moral courage enough to shout, to his or her teacher, "1*11 break your neck" as if the neck to be broken was only that of a chicken. In the province of Bulakan, the superintendent, the supervisors and the principals do not act like little kings or despots: they are the true democratic leaders who are the right people able to lead their followers tow* anls the path to Succes; in short, there every body is in the same plane, and the same tone as every body else. As I meditated upon these there came to my fancy the question, "How many Mr. Bordners are there in the Philippines?" The sun alone can reveal this. Blessings on you teachers of Bulakan.—Observer.
The committee on Badge submitted their report and recommended excecution of the same. The symbol of the badge will consist of an open book behind which is a light torch towering the book; a wreath of laurel embraces the book. The initials, P. T. A.t will be placed in the following way, P. on left page of the book, A on the right page and T. in the middle part of the book between P. and A.
This symbol will be photo-litographed on white porcelain pins the size shape of which will be as large, as the new silver tencentavo piece,
—The Association took part in the great Rizal's parade, Misses Luz Aycardo, Mercedes B. Lucena, Pura Escurdia and with the banner rode on a carriage, to represent the Association,
—In the meeting of the Board of Directors Dec. 24th. 1907, it was resolved that the following members should look out for the corresponding commitees appointed for them:
Mr. Gregorio Villa, on committee on Decoration „ L. R.Gonzales, „ ,, ,, Library
,, A. Francisco ,, n „ Entertainment
., C. Ligot „ committees „ Badge and Booster*
„ A. Almoalla „ committee ,, Memorial ,, J. Faustino ,, ,, ,, Reliefs
,. J. Topacio „ ,. ., Lecture.
—1 he following teachers were admitted ad mem* bers beginning this month: Mrs. Pra^edes Sanchez, Miss Vicenta Mata, Messers Severino Bijasa, Vicente Gonzales, Emilio Romero, Doroteo de Leon, Miss Adela Silva, Mr. Lazaro Pormarejo.
—The members of the Committee an Relief for Mr. Uaya, reported that they have now collected about f*25 and expect to collect more at the end of this month.
-• Seorefiary of Public Instruction, W. Morgan Shuster, in bis re^isnt trijp sontri, made several allotments of money for school purposes, and in each case, the provincial authorities have promised to raise the same amount alloted by the insular government.
Ti%hOfo were alloted for a girl's dormitory in Iloilo which is considered a necessity in that district owing to the great distance of the school from tho homes of the pupils. In Legaspi- an industrial school will be built on the school reservation there. T10,000 have been alloted and the province to raise the same amount first before they can receive the allotment,
The sum of P20,000 has been alloted for the construction of a high school at Nueva Caceres, A trade school will also be established in the same province for the construction of which ?8,000 have already been raised by the people. Marinduque has asked for an allotment of F10,000 for the erection of an additional story on the intermediate school at Boac in order to accommodate the increasing numbers of pupils there. This matters has been taken under consideration.
At Batangasthey are ftbout to start the construction of a trade school which will cost 1*14, 500, P10, 000 of which is already on hand and the province' has offered to advance, upon approval of the secretary of Public Instruction, from payment which they must make in the future from the special school fund of the province, to make up the sum of P14,500 for the construction of the industrial school.
The Secretary of Publio Instruction is indeed very active and takes great interest in the advancement of education in the islands.
. While he was visiting the different provinces, he Saw the great and earnest interest of the Filipinos to pregresi. In speaking of this he said, "It is wonderful haw even the poorer classes are willing to contribute their share towards the construction of public school houses, and the spirit shown throughout ail the pro▼incee, by the Filipino people towards educational work, wmia reflect greatest credit upon any people anywhere fix ttta World,
.*.. INDUSTRIAL EXHIBITION. - >.pm will be built temporarily a building on camp, WtUrtt, Where all the Industrial work of the Publio
School of the Islands will be exhibited to the public during the Carnival Days. Probably some of the things will be sold just after the exhibition. Another chance for the public to see the doings of their school.
COMMISSIONER SHUSTER'S LEAVE.
Commisioner Shuster is to rest from his wfcrk for about six ononths beginning the 6th of next February. We hope that when he comes back he will be again fit of health, energy and vigor.
THE PUPILS OF THE MEISIC PRIMARY SCHOOL GAVE A CHRITSMAS CANTATA AT RIZAL
THEATER. The Rizal Theater was crowded from boxes to galleries on the night of last December twentieth to hear the Christmast Cantata given by the pupils of the fourth school district of Manila. The entertainment pleased a large audience. It lasted an hour and a half and there was not a dull number in the Program.
The school could secure about three hundred pesos as a net profit. Now the industrial work will go forward with a boom in the district. The entertainment was a grand success and teachers and pupils deserve praise for their brightly shown work.
NEW CAVITE HIGH SCOOL Governor Osorio of Cavite has visited the Governor General and invited him to be present in the inaguratioh of the high school in Cavite to take place January 10. the The Governor General has promised to attend.
LIBRARY IN EVERY SCHOOL.
Superintendent Turner of Pampanga urges • his teachers to establish libraries in their respective school He has issued circular to his teachers recommending the foundation of a library in every school as soon at possible for benefiting the children.
(Continued on page 16)
SASTRERIA Y CAMISERIA .
Se recibea toda clase de tmbttjos coffownfentes at ramo.
Sta, Cm* No. 225, Dulumbayan.
Lives of great men all remind us
And, departing, leave behind os #
—Longfellow. What a pity it is that so innumerable are they who febl and who still are falling from the ranks of the faithful? They are become like unto the goats on the left hand, while those who remain true and loyal to all are the sheep on the right. Yet passing iter cfharactef of such men through the prism of my intellect, like a scientist passes a streak of light through ft prism of cristal to detect its various colors, there fobtft one name that presents before my eyes, namely,— ft traitor. He, I repeat, who !otes not the patriots and martyrs of his country is but a traitor—traitor to his native land, traitor to his countrymen, and traitor to himself. In every respect he should be shunned like ft venomous viper. For he is a demon among angels, a fox among sheep, and a deadly snake among fowls. He should be bound with the strongest chains of steel and thrust into the darkest dun* gcons of shame. Perhaps it wad but a forgetting. Still it does not make him less than a traitor. In his cjres shines but treachery; mark his words and they breathe but treachery; detect his actions and they are full to the neck with but treachery. Look at him any where and any way he is but a notorious traitor. Let him be driven from our presence With the foul words, "There goes a traitor."
Woe tmto him who learns not to love the names of those who died and sacrificed their lives for his country, for his fellowmen and for himself, who now trans hie face backward, forgetting the sacred blood 4*f the martyrs! lie is become like sounding brass ftnd tinkling eymbal in the eyes of the faithfah Qttiet a8 he fir, he is* but a fearful serpent in this "forfeited Garden of Edeft", abominated and tord fty Hit kin*. Ingratitude feigns over his heart and gratitude etie* with ft htmefltabte tod qttfaerfag voice ItttftttMr e# sttth ungrateful deed of her Once faithftff
However, men who have ttewi sttHteb Mtf steadfast to rtre fioftee* gft^tog Aft* long wnigfrtfor Liberty *&£ fttra «* gfwr tffet sweet abject «*i torn f& their immUfmm *tat#tmAfe ft hwyAfJMrf, Thqr eftrif
receive the lands of the nations and the blessings from God. They who have been loyal to their native land and to his family shall be praised and adored bjh mankind till the Judgement Day when all things, grftik or small, will he revealed unto men. And the shouts of the nations shall resound from the four comers of the earth filling all and every nook of this word wHit the echoes of prai.se and glory, like the triumphant entiy of the Master into Jerusalem.
So far is but a heap of words. Yet place them iti the tongue and eloquence of the great orators of nntf* quity, as well as in modern days and they will teach men's hearts to weep, to cry and to wail over those who had so faithfully laid down their lives for tfitf freeing of the^e once so fertile lands abounding With all things that heart can desire, from the clutches of three-hundred-year slavery to more than one nation.
Our mother country ceases not even a moment to frhed her tears and wailing over her disloyal sons. And these sons feel ling the immense pleasure of Ltilt* ury heed not her ungent call, her voice of love and he* bribes of gold. Let these sons then be trampled under" foot by the faithful let thern die beneath the heat of the burning sun; let them die of starvation. O mothef let thy disloyal sons perish under the scourge of thy immeasurable power and then, mother, thy sorrow* shall be over!
Let them be tortured by the Inquisition! Let them* die such inglorious deaths. Fortune had not been hehf by men as a fitting reward for criminals. Yet if innocent men had been deprived of their Jives by such inglorious torture, how much more fitting would it b& to exercise this so-called cruel punishment on thdtife found disloyal? Thus on this occassion, and on thlfc occassion only, there is no other punishment on eatfth, which the minds of men could frame, more fftttBlfc to such men than torture.
And, Sir, having done so to those abominable cre&* tures of this world and no trade of tfceirs wha&oe*$r being left in the minds of iti#n, Xiberty^- 'ftiekid^ ^Bttft foothdld in our country tfhall tfoftrtih hi the ifiidfct"'$!-, ft crowdf of loyal hearts* Hiea shall aB iiBicna' fi©- ;'a9i*4|y^. equal—no difference of rank, ho difference ^t0Wlt' b«t*eeti fitftn ftfid the tnrtMui maxfffi that rfll to0n aro m^^\tt\mihtotea#dlr<k*<xv96b?*ft Tim
shall tltf wl*| of #ur heroes >e flailed and high.tbere;
voice singing a song of triumph and victory.
The Iftth^w irnd mo&eraof tfiis -wOuld-be i^a<^ independent ialmidtf have a silted duty kid upon them, namely.—that the iirst lesson they are to teach unto their isstte are the brilliant names of oar heroes; connetted With Ifcitse 1A Ifceir memorable service to their beloved, fatherland.
Such are the names of Mabini, Bonifacio, Evangelista, Luna, and a thousand others who looked not for their own comfort but for the welfare of the Filipinos as a nation.1 On the day of their ever-lasting departure1 they seemed to forsee that terrific but glorious death that clouded the horizon of their lives, when after a long sojourn in this world, living a life of sa* orifice and selfdenial they would depart from the midst of their beloved and loving countrymen. They forsaw that; with it they forsaw the limitless joys of Paradise and seemed to hear the angelic voices of the inmates of Heaven. A heart of steel he has, who sheds not ev£n a drop of tear as a final token of love to those innocent martyrs! The hardest heart will melt at the thought and remembrance of these Martyrs of Liberty.
And now in the center of these sacred names, there arose, as a beautiful flower rises from the center of a century plant, an immortal patriot and brother, Rizal. Truly he was Rizal-Kizal of the Philippines, Rizal of the Orient and Bizal of wjiole world.
While Jesus was the last prophet and sacrifice to Crod, Rizal was the last martyr and sacrifice to Liberty. Christ died for the whole world, Rizal died for a nation All the hope of the Philippines was lost amidst her disloyal sons, it was only regained through the blood of a single Rizal shed on the fields of Bagumbayan, and now, sir, while in a religions point of view you have Christ as the only pattern of a holy life you also have a Rizal to pattern your other life after. From the first moment I opened mine eyes and knew the world I have loved the numerous names of our numerous heroes who had long defended the Stars and Bars of our country.
Nay sir, if this love of our fellowmen be then revealed into the souls of these men, who now abide in the ample palaces of heaven, they, who still love us and the country for which they had bravely fought, would show to us their faces with a world of ecstasy and shall they pray for the final redemption of the land in whose bosom they were born and bred*
If, sir we are to pass ourselves for a moment into the realms of fancy we can say that the new enthusiasm and fervor now growing in the hearts of the Filipinos is extremely prophetic. For we oan rely on the fact that in the looi a»d ceaseless roll of years we shall find at last our beloved Philippines in the very pinacle of power and dignity and grandeur.
Yf|*J^tifc', w>*, PS1/ jMWimdad but. thoroughly oonvin<^4 that if the names of our patriots be forgotten,
"'strive T5 Find Thyself Farther Toast
"Time is gold."
This is the most common expression heard among the people from both old and young.
I think the public perhaps do not realize, i* thinking that the above expression is but a sentence merely meaning improve the time by doi ng something worthy or else, work in the living present while the world slides on, so that we may not be left behind the curtain of the dark epoch; and that they are cornmiting a great error.
During the last three or four years the distinctive features of the Philippines have wholly changed, and a new, much livelier movement of the Philippine society has begun, and if this movement should continue I am pretty sure that prosperity will soon dawn, and then we will reach the desired goal. At present, nevertheless, the grandeur of the statement above-mentioned is yet overshadowed by an obstacle.
Many do not yet comprehend the value of the words. Now let us take this matter up in. order to clearly understand it. This is the Industrial work. The industrial work of the public schools, in many respects is considered less important than any other subjects in the curriculum, and yet many trust that the local prosperity lies chiefly in encouraging the industrial developments of the Philippine products.
I observed as well that, despite the generosity of the Superintendent of schools to give an extra industrial work in the afternoon few consider it of value. If "time i& gold" why do they not act at this "living present'* to improve the hours? Why do they not compel their children to attend school and learn industrial work?
This problem is of vital importance and needs to be impressed upon the childre'n minds, that labor is not undignified and improper thing, even for those who are not absolutly compelled to perform manual labor in order to make their living.
Many of the parents neglept to urge their children to go to school, while the very few. oblige iheir rhtfdrrn to attend the private school, and be taught manual latac rw i*^. #oa|4 h%rdiy afford /.%*:*&**)*. Jaoa&ly tuittop. "tfiniji&tfcepwat* who fceaw ti# meaning <of the sentence; and the rest? Why ..do they not then improve the time by sending the children to the public Schools both in the morning and afternoon to be taught manual labor when they are free from pay?
Bear in minds dear countrymen that, in this, -depend* the life of our progress, and is judged whether the country shall be a means of growth and development or a source of unworthy incitement*
Then urge the children to love manual labor. Send xhem to school while the blessings are in hand, and do not wait for tomorrow. Impress upon them, that Japan became the most progressive and powerful* country in Asia, because its people are thrifty, industrious and f>atient laborers. And, then give a brief idea about "the value of our imports, while the articles imported can be also manufactured in the Philippines. "Taking for instance the "Panama" and "palm" hats -for which we spend a great deal of money, while we have also local materials which are not inferior in •quality and they can be also woven into hats and exported to foreign countries. Embroideries done in the primary schools of the Islands can be also compared* to these worthy embroideries from India which :&re done by skillful well-trained hands. But, why -are Philippine articles, which are as fine in quality ^s any other makes, not considered as good as those «of other countries? It can be properly replied that it is not due to the lack of our business talent, but simply to the fact that we do not care much to profit the present moment; we do not utilize every opportunity
setting forth efforts in finding out how to manu
iacture our own materials like those of other countries. Doing these, it will be a guide by which we will always find ourselves farther than yesterday in every respect. So it is my brotherly adyise to those parents -who having their business nerves asleep to stimulate Tthem up and send their little ones in any of the schools where they can find the best way which will bring them *etter results from life.
"Time is money, there is no doubt, if every pa-* irent of our children will take interest in the develop* :ment of our prosperity."
Before concluding I beg to call the attention of my -dear readers who are interested in the prosperity of the Philippines, especially those who are dreaming that time is gold ajtd.yet are sound asleep in the cradle of Procrastination.
Strive to find thyself farther than to-day.
With a heart for#any fate, . t \
Mm&ade ft A
It Is a fact that the condition of a country depend* so much upon the education of its people.
A few years ago we have very few schools but ttfrW we have them even in the unknown, corners of the Islands. It is a suprise to every one what are taught la our school to-day. Even they have clubs which will giffr experience and will make the young souls accustomed ill the hard work of life. These clubs vill undoubtedly, give mighty help to the young students to be, not ait timid bashful creatures as before, but as persons having , self-respect, self-confidence in themselves and besides these clubs will train them to depend upon themselves
One of these useful clubs is in one of the classes of the Intramuros Primary School, The name "Union Society" is chosen by its^members among lots oi suggested names. Members of this club, or society as you chooee to call it, are of both sexes. The girls are obliged to do the same work as are obliged to the boys.
This class (IV A) before was III A. but according to the new course of study it was called IV B and now IV JL
Its constitution is followed as closely as possible* It also gives a literary program once or twice a weplt and its entertainments are always attended by many invited friends. Its other purposes are to study civi<& and to learn English faster by the help of the discussion* during the meetings and also to make its members res# upon their power and to see how much they can do and can say when there are many people to 1)9 addressed*
Its officers, who are elected by voles, except the director, are a president, a vice-president, sacretary, a treasurer, a,sergeant-at-arms, and the committees on program and decoration. The committee on program has to look after the program of the week and that on decoration has to see about the decorations, and cleanliaeei of the room and books. # ,M
The actual officers, not including the Director who is the teacher of the class, are Mr. Julian Valeriano, Presujent; Mr. Daniel Maranan, Vice-president; jJtikPedro Alvarez, Secretary; Miss Felisberta Felfcio, Treasurer;Miss Pacita Aspillera, s^geant-at-armi^l3|p Epifanio Imperial and Miss Ambroqia committee on program; Miss Maria Garcia and Santiago, Alfredo Gonzales, and Mareelo de committee on Decoration. Officers hold their offi^|^Ij^ month and then another election is held. The club a|tij| ded itself into sections each with a chairman and * gtergeant. This has been done for the purpose of'Kp which section will give the best deportment, class attendance and recitations. This club is just one of othersj^w^mxzed in numerous scj^ois i& th$ olfMamla especially > an<£l! n^pe that those ye t to A