more than average moderation and sense of justice, who blackberry syrup, and a thousand similar

and dissimilar would willingly have prevented the act of malignant delicacies-wby she would be a perfect Syren and Da. cruelty and hypocrisy which was performed by the ru- lilah to all Teetotallers, and her house must be laid lers of the Jews, but who by no means conceived the under the ban. But amongst those headstrong mortals saving of a "just person,” belonging to the lower or- who, spite all warnings, will go on making and taking ders, of sufficient importance to endanger a popular tu- all sorts of creature comforts, Mr. Robinson's book is mult, or his own position.

sure to have a great run. His very preface is able to To those of our readers who have seen and compre- make a man dangerously knowing it all the arcana of hended the wonderful figure of Lazarus painted by Mi- fermentation, tonning, and filling up, racking-off, botchael Angelo, in Sebastian del Piombo's great picture in tling, and corking. The worst thing about his recipes the National Gallery, we may say, here, in this drama, is, in rur opinion, their eternal ingredient of ginger, that Lazarus moves and speaks. To those who do not which may be a very safe thing for the stomach, but is know it, we can convey no idea of the impression which not so agreeable in evərything to the palate. We do not they will receive in reading this profound scriptural believe that there is a race of it in genuine hock or tragedy.

champagne, nor in three-fourths of other wines. It It is not our purpose to give extracts. We have not seems to be our author's grand specific against crudespace, por, without giving the whole, could we convey ness—but those who don't like it can readily leave it the slightest adequate idea of any part. Every scene has out. its purpose, weighs its weight, and presents pictures and gives ideas to be stored up. From the first scene, wherein Judas communes with himself in his impatience of On Large and Small Farms and their Influence on the spirit, yet doubts and starts back in affright at the pur Social Economy, etc. By H. PassEY, Peer of France, pose he has conceived, while, to his terrified imagina Member of the Institute, etc. etc. London: Arthur tion, “pale forms slowly rise and gaze around,” every Hall and Co.; Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd; Glassucceeding scene would require to be enumerated. No gow : F. Orm and Sons ; Cupar-Fife: G. S. Tullis. one will ever forget, after once reading it, the dreadful 1848. picture of Judas, when he staggers into the Temple to fling down “ the price of blood”—and who shall venture to select a passage from the awful grandeur and intense The Aristocracy of Britain and the Laws of Primoagony of the last scene? The whole must be read. No geniture. London : Dyer, 24, Paternoster-sow; one who realizes the scene in reading it, can help feel Edinburgh: Tait; Glasgow: Rutherglen ; Cuparing appalled.

Fife: Tullis.
As to the miscellaneous Poems at the end of the vo-
lume, the collection is peculiarly rich. We regret that
we cannot now do more than mention the deeply pathe These two works the production of our French veigh.
tic monody entitled “The Uro;" and the grand bours, may be read with much profit at the present
" Thought' for Michael Angelo.” The poem entitled moment. It appears to us that M. Passey produces
“ An Irish Funeral,” some of our readers may recol. much sound argument, and as much sound fact, in ad-
lect, as it first appeared in Howitt's Journal, as also vocacy of the Small Farm system. He shows the real
did that entitled “Genius.” We must refer our results of small farms in France, Germany, Belgium,
readers to the volume for the rest, only mentioning as and other countries, and in our opinion, completely des-
one of our great favourites, “ The Plougb;" they will stroys the bug-bear of sub-division. It is work
find them as full of originality and power as of singular which should be read carefully by every one interested

in the great tendencies and necessities of the age.
Nothing can be plainer, that the progress of population

and of civilization assuredly will force out of their way, The Whole Art of Making British Wines, Cordials, and all conventional obstacles; the people at large will

Liqueurs in the greatest perfection ; 'as also Strong claim to have a more equal possession of the land, and
and Cordial Waters, with valuable Recipes for it will be for us to make ourselves practically acquainted
Brewing Fine and Strong Welsh Ales, etc. By JAMES with what is likely to be the result. The volume on the
ROBINSON, Author of " The Art of Curing, Pickling,

Aristocracy of Britain'' will form a very fitting comand Preserving." London: Longmans and Co.

panion for “ Hampden's History of the English Aris-
tocracy.” In that work we have the actual story of the

deeds and misdeeds of the aristocracy, and the portraiWhat a treasure would this book have been to our great- ture of their present ominous position in this country ; grandmothers. It quite transports one back into old in this volume we have the opinion of some of the most country houses, and into times when substantial ladies, enlightened and celebrated men of France, amongst knou ing nothing of the London season, thought only of them, those now figuring in its provisional Government, the seasons for pickling, preserving, distilling rose and on the influence of this aristocracy on the fortunes of lavender water, and storing the cellar with all sorts of this country, and their assertions of its necessary downwines and cordials. For those who are lucky enough fall. The names of H. Passey, De Beaumont, Sismon. to be living now-a-days, and not in the days of our di, Buret, Guizot, B. Constant, Dupin, Say, Blanqui, great-grandmothers, we do not know a more tempting Miguet, etc., sufficiently testify the universality of this table of contents than Mr. Robinson's book furnishes, opinion of the disastrous influence of our aristocracy on What a treasure must a wise be who should delight in the interests of our country in men of the highest its mysteries. What charming home-made wines, cor- genius, and of all political schools amongst our quickdials, and other luxuries, might all about her calculate sighted neighbours.

What a cup of glowing elder wine her husband We have read both volumes with much satisfaction, may safely calculate on as he drives homeward on a win- and cordially commend them to general perusal at this ter's evening. What visions he must have of her rich moment. cinnamon and clove cordial, her rich mulberry and incomparable cowolip liqueurs.

Her hock and champagne and sherry would not be made of sou gooseberries or malt, lut of real grapes ; and then her beautiful summer beverages and iced punches and burnt claret, and sherbets; her famous


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one. Believing, however, that it may be in my power to give THE WEEKLY RECORD, what you may consider both useful and interesting informa

tion respecting the hosiery trade, I venture to address you,

from a conviction that you have both the ability and the disCONDITION OF THE COUNTRY. AWAKING OF THE position to make a good use of any really useful information.

MIDDLE CLASSES. REMARKABLE LETTER FROM A I have read with unabated interest your admirable papers NOTTINGHAM HOSIER.

entitled “ Facts from the Fields,” and have been particularly As Galileo said when condemned by the Inquisition for say struck with the graphic skill and perfect truthfulness of poor ing-that the world moved—“It does move though!" People Bates's narrative, whose case, as regards his sufferings, is that have thought of late that the political world in this country of thousands of this most unfortunate class of workmen. There was at a stand still, or if it moved at all, it moved backwards. is, unfortunately, something in the entire organization of this While the people of the Continent have been making rapid branch of trade which seems necessarily to convert the hosiers strides in political and social regeneration, a wretched faction and bag-men into petty tyrants (a worse class, I take it, than at home having climbed into the seat of power on pretence great ones, paradoxical as it may appear), while it converts of reform, has been destroying the constitution by wholesale, the workmen into slaves, scarcely, if at all, less to be pitied, and suppressing those liberties for which Englishmen have and oft-times more to be pitied, than the slaves in the United toiled, fought, and died for ages. But this treachery, this states. This, I think you will allow, is a pretty broad admisbase attempt on a generous but deeply wronged nation, has sion, to come from the pen of a hosier, who has been connected had its usual effect. It has roused its resentment, and quick with the trade for more than thirty years, during which time, ened the pulse of reform. The world does more. In our large with one or two rather brief exceptions, the condition of the towns, meetings are everywhere holding to determine on a frame-work knitters has been gradually becoming worse and brisker and bolder course of action, on a closer union of and worse, until, at last, many of them appear more like walking with the people. The newspapers throughout the country skeletons than any other class of men that could be found on breathe once more the true British tone. Even The Times, the habitable globe. As far as we can at present judge, we see commenting on the unparalleled distress of the manufacturing not the least prospect of any amelioration of their wretched districts, confesses that something must be done. Yes, some condition, but rather the contrary; because our free trade thing must be done. Luckily the pressure of accumulated measures do necessarily tend to bring the manufactures of debt has reached a point from which there is no likelihood of our continental rivals into closer competition with our own, further intervals of ease, till the weight itself is thrown off. of which, only on Saturday, an American gentleman, who is Such wretched navvies as Lord John Russell may, attempt to now here on a trading visit, gave me a striking example, so, dam up the waters of taxation, but the river is coming in at striking indeed, that if I did not know him to be a person of the other end with a perpetual momentum that will bear the strictest veracity, I should have been staggered by such a down all barriers. The crisis must and will come, whether statement, and have questioned its truth. He assured me that our infatuated aristocracy see it or not.

in Manchester, one wholesale house (Messrs. Wood and WestA gentleman, a master manufacturer, writing from one of heads) are now regular importers of Saxony gloves, and that the manufacturing districts, saysı"To my great surprise, I they sell Saxon-made cotton gloves, of very fair quality, for thirfind we have no Tories now to thwart us, for those who last teen pence a dozen, while the very lowest rubbish, in the shape year were Tories, are now become hearty Reformers, “zealous of a cotton glove, that we can produce, costs us nearly double of good works,' and filled with a most lively faith that some that money! Yet, strange as it may appear, there is, I believe, thing must be done, and that quickly, or the State vessel will yet a small duty on all such goods when imported from Saxony. founder! I am not speaking of poor Tories, but of men in Now it is well known there are no "hosiers" (strictly so really affluent circumstances, who now speak in a new tongue, called) nor any “bagmen” in Saxony! Consequently, in that and like men inspired with a new spirit, and if these are not happy land, there are no tyrannical hosiers, nor tyrannical signs of actual political reg neration, where must we look for “bag-men,” to “grind men's bones to make them bread.” such signs p"

There, I am assured, every frame-work knitter finds his own But we refer our readers most earnestly to the striking letter frame, (consequently, has no frame-rent to pay) buys his from a Nottingham hosier which we give below. On Saturday, bundle by bundle, of factors, and when he has manufactured April 30th, The Times gave a most startling article on the con. this yarn into stockings, gloves, or other articles, he sallies dition of that town. It described one parish as having upwards forth to sell them to other factors, who may be dealers in of 3,000 poor on its books: the poor-rates amounting to 10s. hosiery, for the best price he can get. You probably know and 15s. in the pound; and the country people still flocking in all these facts already, having yourself lived in Germany, and to aggravate the distress. Can anything so forcibly prove the I mention them merely to point your attention to the vast melancholy truths that we hare been for weeks preaching in the economy of this system, which at once annihilates two classes of “Meldrum Family !" Will this nation wait patiently till the “tyrants” and one class of “slaves," thereby saving an incalaristocracy has utterly depopulated and desolated the country! culable amount of ill-blood, so necessarily created by our

What a crying fact is that which the Nottingham hosier men more crooked, complex, and beggarly system of conducting tions of the Americans now sending their cotton fabrics into this unfortuuate business. The Americans tell us that, as our own East Indies ! India, the mother country of cotton, we regards stockings and gloves, we not stand the least chance in have suffered to be crushed by the monopolies of the traders competition with the factors of Saxony, who buy such goods of Leadenhall-street, and have gone to America for that cotton so amazingly cheap; on remarking to one of the former, that which we might have raised there in any quantity, and at a the frame-work knitters of Saxony can live at a much cheaper fifth of the price, and have supplied America with our money rate than our operatives can, “yes !" said he, “and I honestly to such an extent, that she not only now manufactures for tell you their habits are such, that I would rather maintain herself, but invades our very colonies, and drives us from our twelve Saxony frame-work knitters than one English one !" territories with her manufactures ! How long are the greed Of the sincerity of this declaration I cannot pretend to be a and the imbecility of aristocrats to go on ruining and destroy- judge, unless he alluded to extreme cases in both countries. ing? When will this stupid nation choose a ministry that has One thing is plain, that, by sticking to our infamous Corn been brought up to and understands real business! But we Laws so long, we have really compelled our former customers cease our queries, and leave the facts of our correspondent to to manufacture for themselves, and for each other, leaving us speak some most home truths.

to digest the bitter fruits of our selfishness and pride, and, Nottingham, May 1st, 1848.

unless our load of taxation be quickly reduced to a LOWER MR. W. Howitt.

scale than that of any of our foreign competitors, I maintain Dear Sir-Knowing, as I do, how valuable every there can be no help for us, either abroad or at home, and we moment of time is to you, who 50 well know how to make a must rapidly sink in the scale of nations, both as regards our valuable use of those moments, I should indeed feel ashamed physical and moral condition, and he who, with even half an to test your kind patience by troubling you with a mere de- eye cannot see this, must bo—what politeness will restrain me sultory correspondence on subjects either not interesting to from calling him ! And now, my dear Sir, allow me to advert you, or respecting which you need no information from any a little to what brother Jonathan is doing, because those who


take Jonathan to be a stupid dolt, do most egregiously mistake that may be convened upon this subject, the parties present their man, who will waik nine times round us while we are hereby express their willingness to enter into the discussion stupidly guessing what he is about.

and consideration of the points involved in the People's Char. The Ainericans have for several years past made it their ter, and other documents intended to secure the free exercise boast that they can not only manufacture as good shirting- of the franchise.” calicoes as any produced in this country, but also that they can A great number of influential and known Reformers from send them to the East Indies and to China at lower prices than various parts of the country attended. A deputation was ours, thereby insuring them a decided preference in those appointed to confer with the Liberal members of Parliament, majsets. Now I have been informed by a gentleman who, I so as to obtain, if possible, their co-operation. A plan ot orhave reasons to believe, is pretty conversant with these mat-ganization has been since agreed to, and a portion of a Geters, that the Americans do not produce cheaper cotton fabrics neral Council elected. A Provisional Committee has also been than we do, but that, nevertheless, they can afford, and do appointed to attend to the printing of the rules, and objects, actually sell their fabrics at a lower price than we can ours, and the issuing an address to the country. in consequence of the very liberal profits they realise on the various sorts of produce they import from the East, in ex HUDDERSFIELD COMMONWEALTH BROTHERHOOD change for their New England manufactures, because such produce, imported in American vessels, is admitted into the

SOCIETY United States duty free, which it is obvious must give their merchants an immense advantage over ours, whose imports from

In May, 1847, this Society was formed in consequence of two the same regions are severely taxed on entering our ports. articles by Silverpen, which appeared in this Journal. It was Meantime "Jonathan," who knows well that, even when not resolved to rent land and employ their members who were out visited with potato blights, we cannot get an adequate supply of work in cultivating it, at half a crown a day for ten hours of grain and flour for our manufacturing population, unless

la bour. Such was the low state of their funds when this bold we import pretty largely from his great granary of the West,

resolve was come to, owing to the wretched state of trade, that -knowing this, Jonathan sticks fast to his tariff, and, if we they could only, in the first place, raise a couple of barrels of pout the lip, and remind him that, having now repealed our

flour, which they sold to any of the poor, whether members or Corn Laws, we think ourselves entitled to a reciprocity of not. This succeeded so well, that they were soon enabled to liberal measures. “Was it reciprocity you were talking of ?

take a front shop and employ a man constantly. They sold he will say, “why then, John Bull, reciprocity thou shalt hare,

as good an article as any shop in the town at a lower price. to thy heart's content, if that will satisfy thee, and as you breaking up and cultivating sixteen acres of wood and land,

They now return £50 per week, and the profits gu tuwards kept your Corn Laws in operation for more than thirty years, -to the alınost total exclusion of our grain and flour,-in

which they have taken two and a half miles from the town. about thirty years from this time, John, we will talk to you

This undertaking is divided into £5 shares, and the society emabout abolishing our tariff, which, should the wind be favour- ! ploying men who are without other work, pay them half their able, we will then reduce as gradually and as prudently as you earnings in money, and the other half goes to pay for their are now preparing to abolish your darling Corn Laws; will share. Such efforts as these are most meritorious, and show that do for you, John ?"

what the Working Classes are capable of, if those who have Very similar to this will be the reply of our neighbours on

the means would but assist and encourage them. the European continen Is it not plain, then, that our only hope of salvation from as complete prostration and ruin as

THE STANDARD OF FREEDOM. ever yet were inflicted on any nation, depends on a sweeping reduction of our national expenditure, and of our taxes, buth

The times demand every honest man to speak out; ard we national and local! The great bug-bear is the Debt,-che

are glad to see that there are sundry preparations, by the right "blessed Debt," as Cobbett used to call it, which, in my view; Cassell announces The Standard of Freedom, a weekly news. ,

sort of men, making for this purpose. Amongst others, Joho ought to be ni bug-bear at all, because, as it was contracted solely to uphold the Church and the ARISTOCRACY, it is very paper of thorough advocacy of Political, Commercial, and Reobvious the CHURCH

and the ARISTOCRACY ought to pay it, and ligimus Liberty. Prom what we know of the projector and have must be made to pay it, even if it should require the full half, or

learned of the arrangements and proposed staff for this jourmore, of their ill-gotten wealth to liquidate it; this, in my

nal, we confidently anticipate in it a most vigorous and valopinion, will be the only honest way of dealing with the Debt, uable instrument of public reform. which has proved to be the very “ugliest" customer John Bull hus had to deal with! Indeed, as both Church and Aris

PLAIN ADVICE FOR THE POOR WHEN SUMMONED tocracy pretend to be so very“ loyal" in their feelings, I think the sooner her Majesty calls upon them to do this act

IN THE COUNTY COURT. of justice, the better; in which case," lo king at the amiable lineage whence they sprang,--who, Sir, can doubt their “ho.

Friends, try d keep out of debt, by industry care, and nourable" feelings ? Repudiate !"-No Sir,-impossible! above all, temperanre. If you cannot aud are summoned, Such “honourable" and "right honourable" beings as our try and pay the debt before the trial day, and you will save parsons and aristocrats, could never REPUDIATE, --believe me: much expense. Should you be unable, go to the Court on the pas repudiation” being now considered

a low. vulgar, repubin deserve

it; he will

give you indulgence by fixing a very small

day of trial, and you will find a friend in the judge, it you lican vice, and quite unworthy of the pure blood of the men whose ancestors" came in with the Conqueror!” Judge you, instalment (a workmau need not lose his day as his wife or then, Sir, whether such “high-blooded” beings would disgrace daughter may answer for him). If you do not appear, you themselves by "repudiating" a Debt which they have alwais

will be ordered to pay it all immediately, and your goods spoken of as being of the most sacred character, scarcely less seized at once for it, with great expense. Keep your instalso, in their estimation, I will warrant, than the tithes they are ments paid and you cannot be hurt; if you neglect once they so tenacious in exacting! Ah, my dear Sir, there are hopes may send an execution in your house. Join the Temperance for us yet, if we only continue loyal to our Queen, and faithful Society, go to the tea parties, and keep the pledge. and you to each other! That we shall be loyal to the last degree, I can will then

save money and be free from DEBT, which is misery. not doubt; whether we shall become a united people and dis.

A RIED. charge faithfully the duties we owe to ourselves and our chil. dren remains to be proved.

I remain, dear Sir,
Yours very faithfully,

The Tangled Skein-A Knotty Question-Facts from the

Fields. The Meldrum Family. By WILLIAM HOWITT. (Cod.

tinued)-Ida and Zarah. By Miss H. M. RATHBONE - The THE PEOPLE'S LEAGUE.

Fire of Driftwood. By PROFESSOR LONGFELLOW-Scenes and

Characters from the First French Revolution--By LAMARTINE. At a friendly conference of Radical Reformers, called at Herbert's Hotel, Palace Yard, May 3rd, for the purpose of

Madaine Roland - Extract from the Diary of La Mayeux. ascertaining whether the middle and working classes can The Deformed Needlewoman. By EUGENE SUE-Children in unite on a common principle in relation to an amended re

Exile. By James T. FIELDS-LITERARY NOTICES : Judas Is. presentation of the people in Parliament, the following resolution was unanimously agreed to and adopted, as the de-cariot, By R. H. HORNE, Author of " Orion”—The whole Art

-On clared basis of a new organization, to be henceforth denomi- of making British Wines, etc. By JAMES ROBINSON nated “ The People's League."

Large and Small Farms. By M. PassI— The Aristocracy of “ Believing that the Iouse of Commons must truly and Great Britain and the Laws of Primogeniture-RECORD : justly represent the whole people before it can become effective Awakening of the Middle Classes. Remarkable Letter from for lessening our burthens, removing restrictions and inono. polies, or for helping onward the intellectual, moral, and a Nottingham Hosier-People's League, etc., etc. truly religious progress of our people, it is resolved that the foundation of the League about to be formed, shall be based on the principle of Universal Suffrage, or the right of voting PRINTED for the Proprietor by WILLIAM LOVETT, of 16, South for Members of Parliament to every man of twenty-one years Row, New Road, in the Parish of St. Pancras, County of of age unconvicted of crime, together with such details as are Middlesex, and published by him at 291, (corner of Surrey essential to its exercise. And that in any future conterence Street,) Strand, in the Parish of St. Clement Danes.

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celebrated citizen, and Franklin himself longed for his THE SEPULCHRE.-FREE EXHIBITION. native land. He could never free himself from the fear

of being kept in France by ill health, and probably dyAs we promised in a former number in our notice of ing there, whilst the earnest wish of his soul was that it this exhibition, we again advert to it, our former opinion might be permitted to him to end his days in the midst being rather strengthened than otherwise, on a second of his fellow citizens, surrounded by his grand-chilvisit to this collection. We feel assured such an outlet dren, was wanted for the rising talent of this country-and A deal of intercourse was always taking place between although from the nature of this institution, many in- Passy and Auteuil; Madame Helvetius dined once aferior pictures are likely to find their way to the walls, weok in company with the Abbe de Laroche and the we think on the whole, it bids fair to be ihe best expo- physician Cabanis, who resided with her, together with nent of native talent in the country. Mr. R. S. Lauder Norellet, a dear friend but not a frequent guest, at the has a large space well filled with good pictures ; among house of Franklin ; and Franklin on the other hand, ! the most prominent may be mentioned 400 “ The Tomb | very often dined with Madame Helvetius, by which of Shakspeare," and 401, “ The Evening Star," So has means he spent whole evenings with her, without even Mr. George Harvey, and Messrs. Mc.Culloch, Mc.Ian, paying her a morning visit. This intercourse with FrankNiemann, Kidd, and a host of other names, equally cele- lin was of the most charming kind, and Morellet, who brated. We think exhibitions of this kind, calculated has so excellently told us of the great philosopher's reto operate as a very powerful lever in elevating the markable goud humour, simplicity of manners; sense masses in their onward progress; whose taste must of propriely and duty which exhibited itself in the become refined by such works of high art, as our en merest triflos; affability, purity of soul, cheerfulness, graving of this week presents to our readers from Mr. and various other gifis, cannot say enough in its praise. Claxton's picture of "The Sepulchre;" one of several Such was, at that time, the society, frequented by the very fine pictures by the same artist.

man who had raised his native land to freedom, and to NÍr. Claxton has represented the figure of Christ in the whom the world is indebted for some of its most imporSepulchre that was " roughly hewn out of the rock.” tant discoveries. The body is slightly draped and so disposed, that the One morning Franklin left his room much earlier head is resting on a rather high stone, which supports than was his custom, and calling to Richard, his the upper part of the body, with the face turned towards American servant, ordered him to atttend him to Authe spectator. The face has a beautifully benignant ex. teuil, pression over it--and the figure is admirably drawn. In This Richard, or Dick, as his master called him,

had the left corner of the picture, two angels are represented fought in the war of Independence under Wasllingfloating in the air, the one whose face we see, is looking ton, and had thereby distinguished himself, and when he down upon the scene with a sorrowful expression of was compelled to lay down his arms and leave his genecountenance, the other whose head is foreshortened, ral, he attached himself to Benjamin Franklin, from and the face hidderi, denoting acute anguish. The hands whom he never afterwards would separate himself. of both are tightly compressed together : while in the Richard was no servant of the ordinary kind; he was bottom left hand corner of the picture are introduced the faithful, devoted, and as good an American as Christian, Crown of Thorns, The Nails, Sponge, etc. The composi- and read industriously in the Bible, or made the necestion as a whole, is very chaste and refined, while the gen-sary preparations for Franklin's experiments in natural eral effect is a bold chiar oscuro, the light catching por- philosophy, tions of the principal figure, and the face and arm of one Full of enthusiasm as youth is accustomed to be, or of the angels; all the rest of the subject being in deep rather as a man who is sincerely convinced of the recshadow. It is one of that class of subjects which entitude of his intentions, he allowed no opportunity to gender deep thought, carrying that mind back into cen- escape of praising to the very skies, either Franklin or iuries gone by—and recalling events which have had his native country. In his leisure hours he occupied such an important influence on the world's history. We himself in making known to the other domestics, the are glad to observe that a beautiful lithographic print operations of electricity, or in explaining to the peaby Mr. Bell Smith, has just been published by Gambard, sants of Auteuil, the advantages of Franklin's newly disfrom this fine picture of Mr. Claxton's.

covered lightning-conductor.

None but a person like Franklin, who was in the highest degree unapprehensive in matters of sentiment,

would have failed to observe what delight the idea THE LITTLE VILLAGE AND GREAT AMERICA.

of a visit to Madame Helvetius occasioned to Dick.

He was always ready immediately when they had to In the year 1786, Benjamin Franklin was in Paris, go from Passy fo Autouil, and was often extremely he lived at Passy, not far from Auteuil, and at Auteuil fertile in discovering reasons why they should go. lived the widow of Helvetius who was such an excellent, As soon therefore as Franklin gave his orders on this amiable, and delightful woman, that her friends, and particular morning, Dick was ready as if by magic; the among these might be reckoned the profoundest stick, hat, and gloves of the philosopher were instantly thinkers of the time, were accustomed to speak of her at land, and without one moment's delay, they set in no other manner than as “our good lady of Autonil." | out. She was no longer young, although in the highest degree The June sun almost scorched up the fields, and the fascinating and amiable, and besides this, the gentleness, two therefore took a narrow footpath shaded by trees. intellectuality and decision of character which had been Franklin walked on with a slow step, and nothing in his peculiar to her through the whole of her much-tried, but appearance betrayed any desire to reach the end of his always blameless life, made a union with her, a very journey, more rapidly than usual, whilst his servant bedesirable thing to the American philosopher, although at hind was quite in an agitation of impatience. Madame first it might appear somewhat startling.

IIelvetius was sitting in the room where she usually The dear lady herself had not the most remote idea received visitors when they arrived; the window of this of such a scheme; she received Franklin as a friend room looked out into a shady garden, where grew a who entertained no other feelings than what he expres- linden tree, the thick leafy branches of which extended sed, and whose acquaintance she would have esteened to the very window-sill. herself happy in possessing to the end of her days. “I hope my dear Mr. Franklin," said she, as he enPhiladelphia in the meantime desired the return of her tered, “ that some unpleasant news which you wish to

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