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After the first hour of their interview was over, Ri “Well, Richard, you'll have these pictures, these chard began to talk of their life after marriage. "I am books, this house, and they must make up for my want come back with new views of my duty as a capitalist of interest in pots and pans.” and employer, and you must aid my views, dear Ger Richard laughed at this last expression, and this trude. From what I've seen, what I know, by what I laughter bringing back his good humour, the matter was have been taught, I have learnt that art will never spring presently forgotten. spontaneously, or become original, till we make our A week after this Richard Mason was married, and artizans enjoyers as well as producers, and therefore, pon his return with his bride from an excursion into love, you must assist me in my views. I intend to en-Wales, a fee was given at the hall to the working large my present humble drawing school, fabricate, eren people. As this place was not more than three miles if in coarse material, utensils of the chastest design, for distance from his works, Richard had now left his father my various workmen, and take such means as shall and come to live here, and the festive preparations were appear unintentional to them, for decorating their laid out on the broad lawn. There was a grand dinner homes, and placing form, where the cye of infancy may spread out on long tables, and after it, wlien fruit and grow by it, and the mature mind at last recognise in it a ale were sent round, Mr. and Mrs. Mason and their virisible, yet potent power, that can in nowise be long the sitors, came out upon the terrace to look on, and hear associate of coarseness and vulgarity. You will assist an address from the foremau of the works. All, by me, I know, my Gertrude.”
Richard's order had brought their little children, and “I scarcely think I can, Richard,” replied the proud when the health-giving and speeches were over, they young beauty; "I shall have so many visits to make, were allowed to run uncontroulled far and wide upon and so many to receive, after our marriage, that I shall the grassy sward. Amongst these was little Jean, and have little time. Besides, dear Papa used to say it is at having heard from Terence so much about la grande all times impolitic to meddle with the tastes of the vul- dame of the “ tres bon Monsieur,” he stopped in his gar; they have work, and are paid-is not that suffici- running beside the terrace, to look at her. She stood ent?” Richard looked at her rich dress, at the luxury there richly dressed, but without, as the child's quick of the quaint chamber, and the glorious book at her cye perceived, a boquet, pendent in her drooping hand, feet, and he turned away his face in bitterness, to think or at her girdle, and as in his country no one is in holithat here was everything to minister to the beautiful, day attire without, he went away and soon came back, and yet it was not, except as it existed a mere condition with three or four of the richest coloured Autumn of self. The peasant girl of Beauvais rose up a sublime flowers, so placed as to form a little cupola. He begged creature by the parallel. A few wild flowers, a vase a piece of paper from Terence's pocket book, and then upon the cathedral floor where the sun went west, these covering their stems, he went sideling up to Mrs. Mason, had been the rudimental teachers, and yet the beautiful and with much naivete placed them in her hand. existed.
“Not any thank you," and Mrs. Mason with a The stern averted glance, the bitter sigh, touched haughty wave of her hand repulsed the gift. In his Gertrude, and she took his hand. Well, Richard, you country, even in rustic Beauvais, it would have been know I cannot understand your neio notions by instinct. received with a smile and a thank, but he understood Can I, for you, too, used to say wages paid work." the proud repulse, though he could not the words. The
“Yes, but I know otherwise now. Money is but the tears started to his eyes, for his heart was warm and material part of that which is due to the worker, so now affectionate. He drew aside to the solitary shade of the long old, bnt as yet new truths are teaching unto some trees, and there sat down. But his little playmen. Individual capital perishes from hand 10 hand mates soon found him out, for though they could not because of this selfishness; manufacturers are driven understand his words, they liked to hear his voice and from our shores by the competitive part of this same sce his gesticulation. They played on awhile merrily in monstrous selfishness; art in all shapes is comparatively the sunshine, when they were called to tea, which inert and barren, because of this antagonistic principle, was placed for them on two round tables, with pyrathat sets apart beauty as solely a creation for the mids of cake and bread and butter. Jean had brought conventional and rich. But this must now be altered, his boquet to the table and now climbing on the bench THE MASTER MUST BECOME THE SPIRITUAL WORKMAN; he stretched across and raised the flowers within the manufacturers must not be expatriated from their several middle dish of cake. The little ones clapped their climates by a self-devouring selfishness; beauty, as a hands and were delighted and called out “ more, more.” part, as a sublime and grand part of our new religion, Mason was attracted by their voices, and came to our new humanities, our new philosophy, our new truths, look. “You're a good boy,” he said, seeing it was our tendency of fearless inquiry, and investigation, must Jean, “and as these flowers delight, you shall dress up be used to elerate the souls of all. With this sublimity all the dishes, Jean, and I give you leave to gather as of reason, this perception of truth, the new philosophy, many as you like from yonder bed." the eternal Shakspeare, the gorgeous mind of Milton, Jean ran off and soon came back with his hands full. foreshadow by faith and works the coming advent of a There were soon then enough to dress the dishes gaily, great Age of Art, great because of beauty existing as the and the child with fertile invention laid them as a wreath spiritual type of a severe yet vital souled morality, and round the table, so that they lay like a rib before each morality the effect of an appreciation of good as a con- little cup. The effect was marvellous on the children dition of the beautiful. Just as Plato and Homer were and Mason not only watched the scene with absorbed the creators of all that was sublime in Phidias and intent, but also now and then stepped away to the Praxiteles. This I have learnt, and whether I am aided other child's table in the distance to glance at the conor not, henceforth every cup I fabricate, every dish trast where no beauty was. moulded, shall serve double purpose if I have means “Oh, don't make crumbs,” cried many little voices and power.”
at the flower-table. “No, nor lay down a wet spoon. “But why be so grave, Richard; people about here -See, don't spill the tea.—Please do not brush away are not so wise as you, and care little whether you are my beautiful flowers as you lift the cake.--No, no, we called the new Wedgewood or not ?”
won't eat that piece, the leaves would fall.”—Mason "For this reason, those that have knowledge must was delighted, he stepped away and fetched his wife and work. And I am grave, because I hoped to find in you some of his designers. one that might have co-operated in my views.”
(To be continued.)
BY FREDERIC ROWTON.
he is mad, we consider our point proved, and punish CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.
Can anything be more absurd than this ? A madman
must become reasonable before he can prove that he is Secretary to the Society for the Abolition of Capital Punishment. mad; and thus-if we condemn a man for murder, we
presume upon the existence of the wickedness which
we affirm ; and if we acquit him, it is through reasonNo. VII.
able proof which we force him to produce, that he is The Subject Considered in its Moral Aspect.
not in his right mind.
I submit that unless ye can prove the perfect sanity We must now proceed to take a much loftier view of of the culprit, we ought never to punish on the ground our question than that on which we have thus far been of intrinsic demerit. We may restrain him, because the engaged.
interests of society demand it; but we may not adjudge Hitherto we have considered the subject merely in its the infliction of a penalty upon him for the wickedness political aspect : and although we have gained a clear of his motive. and unquestionable verdict, it is only a verdict on the It will be evident that this amounts to a virtual demeanest issue. We have simply proved that legal homi- nial of the principle of judging intrinsic evil altogether. cide is inexpedient; that it is an unwise punishment, inas- For who can prove the absolute sanity of any man ? much as, by increasing crime, it disturbs and inconve- Who can say how far circumstances which he could not niences the community. But there are far higher issues govern, may not have drawn the culprit within the fatal to be tried. Expediency, though a sound, is too incom- line where responsibility ends and fatuity commences ? plete and narrow a foundation to erect the fabric of Nay, who can draw that line? I assert, without fear of human conduct upon : there is no safe basis but the denial, that no man can possibly see how far another rock of immutable Truth. We must therefore test our
man is accountable or infatuated ; and I contend that conclusions by the eternal Laws of morality. We must therefore, man's measure of other men's responsibility inquire whether Gibbet-slaughter is right or wrong, in must ever be a faulty, dangerous, and improper principle itself.
of judgment. Indeed, such an investigation is absolutely forced For myself, I firmly believe that no sane man can upon us. Our opponents, driven out of the fortress of commit a murder. So tremendous a crime seems impolicy, demand to fight us on the open field of Justice. possible to a being in his right mind. The awfulness of It is in the nature of things right, they say, that a mur- the deed proves the insanity of the doer. I believe that derer should be destroyed : he ought to suffer death. infatuation of some sort exists in every such case : no
Ought to suffer death : that is the point now in ques- matter how reasonable it may seem. Sometimes it is tion. The doctrine is too plain to be misunderstood. It the infatuation of the sweetness of revenge:-sometimes clearly means—that the satisfaction of Justice requires the infatuation of the hope of impunity :--sometimes blood for blood : and that man, in his capacity of civil the infatuation of the belief that the deed'is intrinsically ruler, has a right to assume the office of Vindicator.
right:-sometimes it is the infatuation of the desire of The course of our present inquiry, then, will evidently plunder:--sometimes it is the infatuation of a morbid be, First, to examine the assertion that a murderer de- | desire to stand well with the world—as in Tawell's case serves death; and, Secondly, to see whether man has (where the culprit thought that his one great crime any right to inflict the punishment. These questions would clear him at once of all his smaller offences):—nay, will necessarily involve some abstruse considerations, sometimes it is even the infatuation of morbid affection. but it does the mind good to investigate first principles. In my solemn opinion, there is no recorded case of mur. It is only by reference to the Abstract, that we can ever der that is not easily traceable, if carefully investigated, satisfactorily arrive at the Practical.
to some mental delusion. The act may have been rationThe assertion that the murderer deserves death is of ally performed, but it cannot have been reasonably concourse founded upon the assertor's judgment of the in-ceived. The plain fact is, that madness is a disease not trinsic demerit of the crime of murder. It cannot be on at all understood by our physicians. It is not a quarter account of its consequences; for the consequences of of a century since it was considered a disorder of the manslaughter are equally disastrous: and manslaughter soul !-now the very idea is scouted. But we are as yet is not held to deserve the same penalty. The intrinsic infants in the diagnosis of the malady. demerit of the crime is the principle on which the de Now I'must not be understood to say that because fence of the penalty is founded. Nay, it is not crime. crime is the result of delusion, the criminal is therefore but sin, that such a judge would punish.
not accountable to Justice. I only maintain that he is Now, it must be plain, even to the simplest under- responsible to God, and not to man :--that although all standing, that the intrinsic demerit of an act of crime crime may be madness, madness itself may be accountdepends entirely upon the moral accountability of the able to Úim who judgeth the secret thoughts of the perpetrator. If an idiot purloin an article from another heart. person, we never think of treating him as a Thief; if a When it is said that murder intrinsically deserves known maniac kill a fellow-creature, we never dream of death, a point is touched on which man has no right to punishing him as a Murderer. Before, therefore, we in dogmatise. What man can show wherein murder is flict a penalty upon a murderer for the intrinsic wick- more essentially sinful than covetousness ?
Who can edness of his offence, we must be absolutely sure, and prove that assassination is inherently more wicked we must prove, that he was in his perfect mind when he than falsehood? Who can demonstrate that it is in the committed the crime. If we assert his moral wicked nature of things worse to break the Sixth Commandness, we must be prepared to show his moral responsi- ment than the Fourth ? I would rather agree with bility.
Draco that all crime deserves death, than with him who But with a stupidity which is really wonderful, we do would pretend that only one crime does. Any infracnot enter into an examination of the murderer's sanity tion of the moral law is sin, and murder is no more. at all, until his plea of insanity compels us to do so. We It seems to me that he who offends in the smallest point presume him to be sane, while everything tends to prove is guilty of breaking all: and just as the thief of a that he is not so; and call upon him to prove his in- penny is as morally guilty as the thief of a pound, so the sanity, if he is not sane. We plead that he is morally Thief of Life may be no more intrinsically
wicked, than punishable, and unless he can satisfactorily argue that the Thief of Property, or the Thief of Reputation.
Let it be borne in mind that we are discussing a posi- as this! In the second place, man is too weak to comtively abstract question now, and must not shrink from ab- pensate the claims of justice. He is incompetent to stract considerations. Well, then, I defy any man to prove judge. He cannot tell the intrinsic demerit of crime. that murder should be punished with death, because He cannot see the motive which he undertakes to puit is intrinsically a worse crime than any other. I own nish. The real evil is always in the Thought, not in the that its consequences are more frightful than those which act at all; and Thought is invisible to man. The enorresult from other crimes, but consequences cannot be mity of crime depends entirely upon circumstances made the rule of judgment. Besides, that is not the which man has no power to estimate :-hereditary presubject before us. We have here to do only with the disposition, neglected education, force of temptation, abstract evil of the deed.
pressure of excitement, and so forth. What a preposEven granting however, for the sake of argument, terous doctrine, I repeat, then, is that which would comthat murder is the worst of crimes, why is death to be mit the satisfaction of Eternal Justice to a being thus the penalty ? Will our opponents plead the fitness of blind, feeble, erring, and depraved! No! no! let not things? I fancy that even the most daring of metaphy: the ermine of the judge hide from us the tattered garsicians would hesitate to assert that the only fit and ment of his frailty! Let us not believe that the criminatural remedy for moral wickedness, is a rope made nal on the bench has a commission from Eternal Justice tight round the unoffending neck. Will they say that to compensate her claims upon the criminal at the bar ! the punishment should be like the crime? Why, if it But the presumption of the claim is even more striking is like the crime, it is the crime : and it would take a than its folly. The satisfaction of Justice is the sole prevast amount of logic to prove that because one crime has rogative of Him who is Justice. It is his law that is been coinmitted, the eternal balance of morality can infringed when sin is committed : it is His penalty that only be kept even, by the committal of another. Who is incurred by the sinner. For man, therefore, to ardoes not see that to inurder a murderer is simply to put raign motive, and award the punishment, is for the creamore evil into the scale ? Punishment should not ag- ture to mount the Throne of the Creator ;-to gravate, but compensate the crime.
The assertion, then, that murder deserves death, is “ Snatch from His hand the balance and the rod, plainly a sentence which man cannot properly pro And judge His Justice, as the God of God.” nounce. In the first place, as the real criminality of murder consists the motive, and man can never ab. Such conduct is in effect an assertion of the belief that solutely see motive, no person can positively tell whether crime will go unpunished if man does not inflict a peany given crime is certainly wilful, or not. And in the nalty upon it; which, to my thinking, is no better than second place, there is no reason whatever, in morals, for flat Atheism. Brethren! God will punish every mortal saying that Death is the appropriate penalty for murder, crime, we may be sure; and we have no need to trouble even when it is determined to be wilful.
our poor heads with any fears on that account. His JusBut even if it were possible for a human tribunal to tice is quite strong enough to satisfy itself without man's determine the precise amount of moral guilt which is blundering help. chargeable upon a murderer; and even if it could fur. We have seen enough, I fancy, in our investigation of ther be proved that death is the appropriate penalty for the political portion of our subject, to lead us to say :the offence, it would yet have to be shown that man has Deliver us from being the victims of man's moral judgthe right to inflict the punishment.
ment! Our Neros, Dracos, Caligulas, Henry-the-Eighths, It seems to me unquestionable that He only who gives Queen Marys, George the Thirds, Robespierres, Holy life can have the right to take it. Existence is bestowed Inquisitionists, Hudson-worshippers, Hood-neglectors, for a God-appointed purpose. Every man comes into Witchburners, Crusaders, St. Bartholomew Assassins, the world to accomplish some design of the Almighty, War-defenders, Exeter Hall Religionists, Poverty Puand is withdrawn when that purpose is accomplished nishers, and such like, are quite enough, I should say, He, therelore, who kills another, interferes with the to sicken us of man's manner of swaying the sceptre of plans of God, and destroys an agent appointed to a par- Justice. Even those who have not read history, can find ticular sphere. For this reason, man can have no right enough in their own experience to cause them to desire over human life.
the very smallest possible quantity of their fellow-creaThe gibbet-defender will, perhaps, plead that as Jus- tures' moral judgment on their motives and actions. tice demands the punishment of the criminal, man, who has not found his thoughts misread, his feelings through his representative, the civil governor, has the misconstrued, his endeavours misunderstood, his good right to satisfy her claim; but such a plea is at once desires mocked, his whole conduct, misinterpreted by foolish and presumptuous in the highest degree. Doubt the self-appointed judges of his social circle? I do less Justice requires satisfaction ; but I have yet to learn verily believe that more than half the suffering we all that she expects to receive it through the weak and fu- endure, is caused by the uncalled-for judgments of others tile agency of man. The compensation of Justice belongs, upon our motives and conduct. Affection is thus blunted, not to Earth, but to Heaven. It is not man that holds friendship terminated, revenge aroused, and pride enher scales, but God.
gendered; whilst misanthropy is promoted, and symLet us consider, for a moment, the doctrine that it is pathy destroyed. Many a man has been made evil, by man's province to satisfy the claims of justice, In the being thought evil. Many a man has been made a misfirst place, man is, to a great extent, morally Blind: he anthrope by the world's misjudgment of his philan. cannot yet rightly distinguish crime from virtue. He thropy. And many a woman has been driven into the hangs up the destroyer of a human unit, and falls down snare of ruin by the malicious scandal of her friends. and worships the slayer of thousands! He cringes like We have never yet tried moral judgment in the world, & slave to the fortunate possessor of rank or wealth, and from the Throne to the Tea-table, without lamentable burns his fellow-man in Smithfield, or curses him in and lasting results of evil. Man's truest wisdom in his Exeter Hall, because he dares to differ from him in reli- conduct towards his fellow-beings is, to “ Judge not." gious belief! Nay, frequently he arraigns, judges, and It becomes us better to pull out the beam from our own punishes the entirely innocent, and only finds out his eye, than to demonstrate that there is a mote in our mistake when his victim is beyond the reach of repara- | brother's. The malefactor who, whilst being exhorted tion; The claims of Justice have but a poor chance, one
on the scaffold, cried bitterly—“Look to your own sins fears, with such a blundering, wrong-sighted Vindicator gentlemen ; you have enough to answer for, "--put the
right of man to punish man for crime in its truest and To drink his spirit in? Ilave we not watched strongest light.
His looks of tenderness to the despised, The Plea, then, that we ought to put the murderer to And loved them for his sake ?-And shall we now death for the satisfaction or compensation of the Justice Be silent, when we see our sisters bound in chains, which has been outraged by his crime, fails in every Heaven's holiest ties polluted,--their souls sunk point of view. In the first place, Justice is not meant In ignorance,--degraded to the brutes ?to be satisfied here, for provision is made for its full Shall we behold them on the hated block, compensation hereafter; nor by man, for it is the pro- Sold to the highest bidder,--and not speak ? vince of God alone. In the second place, we cannot see America! Thy country, --glorious, great, into the heart, and therefore cannot ascertain the amount As ever it should be,-is sinking down of real wickedness in any given crime. And in the third To be the scorn of nations.-All thy gold place, we are too weak to punish the crime properly, Is tainted as the price of human blood; even could we ascertain its exact enormity. The highest Too foul of old, not nou, for sacred use. penalty we can inflict is a momentary pang upon the Thy churches raise their Babel fronts on high, scaffold :---and that this is a satisfaction or compensation Avd call down heaven to sanction this foul sin,of the moral justice which has been infringed by the And wilt thou still endure the mockery? crime of murder, no moralist, I presume, will pretend. Land of our Pilgrim Fathers! Hear! O, hear; If crime could be expiated on carth, where would be the Grieve not their ashes by thy children's chains, need of a future judgment ?
Let not the slave-block shame the sacred soil
Their prayers have hallowed! Wipe the Cain-mark of (To be continued.)
From thy degraded brow,-and then stand forth
The abore excellent poem accompanied the contributions sont OFFERINGS FROM THE OLD WORLD TO THE from Bristol to the Anti-Slavery Bazaar now holding in Boston.
NEW, BY ENGLISHWOMEN. “Inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me."
A DAY AND NIGHT AT THE GENERAL POSTOFFERINGS we bring to thee, America !
BY GEORGE REYNOLDS.
(Continuei from p. 12.)
forwarded every morning to two hundred and forty With incense of full many a loving heart,
towns in the United Kingdom, for delivery the same
evening, besides letters, etc., which are sent to the And rich in patient striving, to bestow
whole of Scotland and Ireland, to be delivered as soon An earnest of its sympathy. These webs Were framed by dying hands; the spirit longed
as possible after the arrival of the mails at each post
town. Ere summoned to its home, to leave a pledge
THE LONDON DISTRICT POST-OFFICE. Of how she loved her Lord, and spent long hours, Weak, fainting, suffering hours, in weaving them ; This department is entirely distinct from that of the The young have offered up their time of sport,
General Post, and separately managed, both as to its Their cherished playthings, and their infant hearts
controul, and its officers. All of them, though of Have glowed with purest joy in bringing them, -
course subject to the Post-Master-General, act indeThe old have given their days of restful ease,
pendently of the officers employed in that section of the And hallowed their small offerings by their prayers.
establishinent. This office was originated many years The rich have brought their gold in humble love;
subsequently to the General Post, its object, as its The poor their toil, with warm and ardent zeal.
present name imports, being the circulation of local The pencil's art has traced its fairest lines,
letters merely in the metropolis and its environs.
Mr. William Dockwra of London, merchant, was the To figure forth, in nature's loveliest scenes, The deep thoughts of the heart that prompted it
originator of this Post, he having set it up as a private And last, not least, this lowly little one
speculation. Its operation, however, being thought Has craved a humble place for her poor gift,
to interfere with the power given by Parliament to the The work of her small hands,--'tis all she has.
“Chief Post-Master" a suit was commenced against - These bring we, as to our dear Saviour's feet,
Dockwra, by order of the late King James, then Duke Each one what best we could ; - he loves the gifts
of York, when a verdict was given against Dockwra, and Made to his meanest brethren,--heirs with him
damages found. Dockwra afterwards, upon petition
to the Government, was allowed compensation to the Of all the glories of immortal life.
amount of £500 per annum, and afterwards lie was And we would help to set the bondsman free, made Comptroller of the District Post-office. EventuTo heal the wounded heart,-10 raise thy sons,
ally, he was dismissed the service for alleged irregulaThy sons of darkened hue, whose souls are fair, larities and abuses in the discharge of the duties of his And kindled like thine own with God's pure breath, office. To their first noble heritage,-as men !
The original rate of postage in this office was one O hear the prayers of woman! Blame us not penny; and the payment in advance was compulsory. That from our homes we lift our earnest voice;
In 1801, the "penny” post became a "two-penny" Say not we trouble thee with these our cries. post; and in 1805 the postage ou letters delivered Have we not listened to our Saviour's words,
beyond the limits of the city of London, Westminster, And sat with loving reverence at his feet,
and Southwark, was advanced to three-pence ; but in
MISCELLANEOUS DUTIES AT THE POST-OFFICE DURING
1831, in accordance with the recommendation of the is threc miles from the Post-office only. Most of the Commissioners of Post-office enquiry, the boundaries of mid-day and foreign arrivals, and many of the ship the Twopenny Post, were extended to include all places letters are got out," and distributed by them, after the within three miles of the General Post-office; and in General-post letter carriers have returned home from the 1833 to places not exceeding twelve miles. By the early duty. " Penny Postage Act” all distinction as to distance was
The business in this office is, of course, continuous
from an early hour in the morning until nine in the The part of the building in St. Martin's-le-grand, in evening: Upon an average there are upwards of six which the duty of the district post is carried on, is hundred " officers and persons” employed in this branch situate on the northern side of the vestibule or great of the service, daily. hall, and by an improvement just effected under the direction of J. Fortune, Esq., and Mr. Rice, of the Board of Works, Woods and Forests, a large addition is made to the original apartments occupied for the purpose of the duty, by the addition of the spacious pre
As it is our intention to give an outline of the mode mises recently occupied by the Money order depart- in which the services of the several officers in the Postment. This work required the greatest skill and care, office are rendered during the day in the auxiliary offices, as it was necessary in order to effect it, to remove one we shall, for brevity's sake, notice the routine in the of the main walls of the building upon which the su case of enquiries, complaints, &c., which cause such perincumbent structure, on that side, rested. By the attendance necessary from the time of the morning deaid of immense iron girders, however, and pillars of the livery to the commencement of the evening duty. same metal, the opening was made and both offices are All complaints or enquiries sent to the Secretary are now turned into one, and the new rooms fitted accor at once forwarded to the proper department, where only dingly.
they can be answered. Consequently, it is far better The system of stamping is, in principle, the same as in for all parties who have such complaints or enquiries to the inland office. In this department the modus operandi make, to prefer them, at once at the office where they is altered so as to suit the peculiarity of the despatch and may be effectively and speedily met. Suppose an endelivery, so that the sorting and other duties are neces- quiry is made for a letter expected in London, but sarily of a different description, though essentially the which has not arrived. The party disappointed writes same. The detail is, probably, hardly so prolix as that to the Secretary. That evening the case, as it is called, of the general sorting.
is sent to the office of the Inspector of Letter-carriers, From the latest instructions as to posting and despatch where it is entered in the application-book, and on the in this very useful section of the service, we gather the following morning the letter-carrier is asked if he re fact, that in London there are daily ten deliveries of members anything of it. If his reply is found to be letters, packets, and newspapers, within a circle of three correct, the answer given forms the " endorsement” on miles from the chief office in St. Martin's-le-grand the case, which is usually written by the AssistantWithin six miles tive deliveries; and within twelve Inspector, and signed by the Inspector. This endorsemiles three deliveries daily and one delivery, and an
ment is counter-signed by the Superintending-President, evening collection, on the Sabbath day. For the con
as principal of the Inland Department, and thence venience of our readers, and as a maiter of reference transferred to the Secretary's office, where the case is for present and future purposes, we furnish below a
written off, and an answer, in accordance with the entable of particulars of the hours of posting, and the time dorsement, is sent to the applicant.
More serious cases, such as letters not delivered, when correspondence so posted ought to be delivered. *
Though this office bears a name which imports that stated to contain coin, or articles of value, either “ inthe parties employed in it are only engaged iu the distri- wards” or “outwards” are sent to a special office, bution of local correspondence it should be remembered called the “ Missing Letter-office.” From this departthat these men are employed in distributing General ment communications are sent to the Deputy Post-MasPost letters, also beyond the limit of that oflice which ters, where it is stated the letters missing were posted,
the applicant having been furnished with a blank form
to fill in every particular. It will be readily seen that Letters for Delirery Three miles from Post-office.
such an claborate mode of doing business must occupy When posted. Should be delivered about the time of many officers according to the shape any
inquiry may take. If any dishonest proceedings are
discovered during the search, the matter is referred to the 0 (up to)
Solicitor who, at once, institutes farther investigation, and whose duty it is to take care that no infringement of the Post-office enactments takes place. To find a single letter, it frequently happens that several departments are troubled. The Inspector of Letter-carriers, or his Assistants, must look for it; the clerks in the Su
perintending President's-office must say it is not in the next morning aft. & a.m.
Inland-office; the Dead-letter clerks, that it cannot be Six miles from the Post-office.
found there; and the “ Missing letter” officers must dePosted before 8 a.m. delivered about 11 a.m.
clare that “ no trace of it appears in that office.” Frequently, however, it happens on enquiry, that the writer himself was to blame. The letter when found was out of course to the party for whom it was intended,
but in the proper course of the practice. Probably it Twelve miles from the Post-office.
was mis-directed, or the party had gone away and left
no address, or it had been refused in ignorance of the Posted before 9 45 a.m. delivered 6 p.m.
party living at the house; or wrongly numbered or ad11 next day. dressed “ John-street, London;
“ London” only; 6 p.m.
or-as in one case we remember to have met with it
H. 11 1 2 3
5 7 8
7 45 p.m.