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worms.

THE WEEKLY RECORD.

thinking where they shall build the extensive alms-houses that will apparently soon be needed for discarded kings, and nim

ble-footed ministers. Probably, however, kings henceforth may THEIR MOST UNMAJESTIC MAJESTIES. THE ROYAL PANIO. be contented to be men and magistrates, and not a silly sort of

Since the foundation of the world never did Kingcraft receive gods, and then both they and the people may be the better for such a shock! Never were the solemn hums of royalty so it. We have no objection to them if they only would behave cruelly exposed. At a moment when the kings were sitting, as themselves like rational creatures, and remember that they are they thought, securely on their thrones, there came an the servants of the public, and not mischief-mongers. earthquake which shook them to their bases. It would seem as As a contrast to all these humiliating spectacles, let us notice if God himself had bared his arm for the freedom of the na one act of the people worthy to be set side by side with any tions ; had declared that the time of his decree had come, when fact of Grecian or of Roman history. all the rotten mchinery of monarchical government should be Hanau, a little town of Hesse Cassel, sent a deputation of torn down, and the course of civilization be left free for all its leading citizens to demand of their ruler a free constitumankind. The Almighty had protested in the most decisive tion. They were commanded to remain only three days; and terms against the intı oduction of Kingship amongst his chosen if their requests were not then granted, not to remain another people, and told them what kings were and would do. That hour at the peril of their heads. They were commanded also they would take their sons for servants and soldiers, and wea. to state that if their request was not granted, at the same pon-smiths; to reap their harvests and run before their cha- moment that this refusal was announced to the citizens, they riots. Their daughters for apothecaries, and cooks, and bakers. would go over to the adjoining state of Hesse Darmstadt. “And he will take your fields, your vineyards, and your best The embassy delivered its commission, and waited its time olive trees, and give them to his servants. And he will take in vain. The hour for return had arrived ; the carriages were your men-servants, and your women-servants, and your already drawn up in the square—the gentlemen of the emasses, and put them to his work. And he will take the bassy had taken their places, and they gave the word to drive tenth of your sheep, and ye shall be his servants. And

ye shall on. But the people of Cassel were assembled in crowds. They cry out at that day because of the king whom ye have chosen, held the horses' heads, and implored the gentlemen to wait and the Lord will not hear you at that day.--Samuel viii. while another appeal was made to the Dukem but their orders 12-18.

were too peremptory. They drove on, and had reached the Never was the world so severely punished for disobeying the city gate, when the gallop of horses and the acclamations of the will of the all-wise God as in the idolatry of Kingship. The crowd announced that the demand was conceded. multitude must have something to worship. First they wor Meantime-the women and children of the town had resolved shipped stocks and stones, and most hideously ugly bits of that should the military be called out to put down the multiwood as savage and half-savage nations do still. When they tude who were urgent for the concession of the demands of the got a little farther they worshipped the golden calf—and last Hanau deputation, and the people fired on, they would place and most fatal worship of all they worshipped their fellow themselves in the front rank to cover their sons, husbands, and

They set them up, and arrayed them with all sorts brothers, and to render the deed of the tyrant- an eternal ig. of gaudy paraphernalia, and surrounded them with a crowd of nominy! base adulators, and fumed them with servile flattery, and How noble is nature, how mean is artificial power whether styled them Your Most Gracious, and Most Christian, and Most in prosperity or adversity ! Illustrious Majesty—and pretty dearly they have paid for it. Instead of having their national business conducted in the CORPORATION OPPOSITION TO THE PUBLIC HEALTH BILL. simple, rational way of all other business, they have had these The corporate towns are now exerting themselves to oppose the unnaturally elevaed, and bedizened, be-worshipped individuals, extension of the Health of Towns' Bill to them. They talk everlastingly at the game of war, of taking their sons and their much of the danger of centralization in conferring the powers daughters, their fields and their cattle! and they have been at of the bill on Commissioners, and not on themselves. We are an everlasting strife with them for the little that was left them no friends to centralization in general, but in this case we see --for the simple functions of doing, and saying, as they pleased, a greater danger than that, which is that, if left to the corpoand of keeping their money in their own pockets for their own ration, no Health of Towns Bill will ever be carried out at all, decent purposes.

Let the working classes be awake to this, and bestir themselves The farce of royalty has been grandly kept up. These poor by petitions to the House of Commons to defeat this interested people set up aloft have looked as solemn and as big as if really opposition. It concerns them nearly. Let them look at the brothers and sisters to the sun and moon, and their armies, and condition of their dwellings, undrained, ill-lighted, worse rentheir ministers all covered with stars and lace, and their am- tilated, built in dense masses and unwholesome spots—without bassadors have paraded about in a way to make the poor de- the conveniences often, most necessary to health, decency, and luded people imagine that really these were something very morality. If left to the towns themselves, when will the nehigh and adorable, and themselves as only too happy to be cessary improvements be made ? When will corporations voluntrodden on.

tarily put their hands into their own pockets for the benefit of If ever this delusion recovers itself after the present whole the working classes. How long have they neglected them alsale exposure, mankind may give up all claim to being anything ready? What have they done for them? And when will they but a better sort of apes. Never was there such an unweaving of do it? It is to be feared never until by act of parliament, enold enchantments. Never was there such a doffing of lions' forced by proper authorities, who have no interest but to effect skins, and scampering about of undisguised asses. Never was the necessary changes the most completely. If the labouring there such an undignified abandonment of all the old solemn classes ever hope to have wholesome and commodious dwellings, assumptions. Emperors and Kings at the first report of the with a constant supply of water at a cheap rate, they must at French Revolution, and the instantaneous erection of their sub- once oppose this corporate outcry, by petitions. If they will see jects' heads, lost as by the stroke of an enchanter's wand, all self what needs doing let them read such a report as that on the precommand, all decency of resistance. They who for a score sent condition of Sheffield. of years had been as deaf as posts to all the demands of their What is said by the report of the Statistical Society of Lon. people, who, with immense loftiness of language and demeanour, don just made, of the condition of Church-lane, St. Giles's, had declined to accede to the very rational request most humbly may be said of hundreds of localities, not only in London, but laid at the foot of their thrones, that people might open their in populous provincial towns. mouths without leave from a policeman, now in a terrible tre

"Your Committee have thus given a picture in detail of human pidation, flung freedom and constitutions at their heads. It wretchedness, filth, and brutal degradation, the chief features is laughable in what a hurry they were to be most obedient and of which are a disgrace to a civilized country, and which your obsequious. From France to Denmark extends the pitiful Committee have reason to fear, from letters that have appeared exhibition of trembling monarchs, and commanding peo

in the public journals, is but the type of the miserable condition ple. Metternich, the old manufacturer and arbiter of of masses of the community, whether located in the small, ill. kingdoms has lived to see all his system shattered to atoms. ventilated rooms of manufacturing towns, or in many of the Thank God for it! As for the King of Prussia, we heard one cottages of the agricultural peasantry, In these wretched of his subjects the other day say that “ if he had not ordered dwellings all ages and both sexes, fathers and daughters, mothe soldiers to fire upon the people, he meant to endeavour to thers and sons, grown-up brothers and sisters, stranger-adult get an omnibus conductor's place for him, --but now he would males and females, and swarms of children, the sick, the dying, not do it.” It is time, however, for the friends of the old su- and the dead, are horded together with a proximity and mutual perstition of royalty, to be putting together their funds, and pressure which brutes would resist; where it is physically im

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possible to preserve the ordinary decencies of life; where all who were so ready to listen to this man's base and baseless assense of propriety and self-respect must be lost, to be replaced sertions, at the time when he was boasting of the vast success only by a recklessness of demeanour which necessarily results of the Journal, and advertising industriously for a partner, that from vitiated minds; and yet with many of the young, brought not a man of them would join him. If the man was so honest and up in such hot-beds of mental pestilence, the hopeless, but be estimable—if his periodical was so flourishing, what an oppornevolent, attempt is making to implant, by means of general tunity! Not a man, however, would prove his sympathy by gireducation, the seeds of religion, virtue, truth, order, industry, ing him that aid and countenance. No! in their hearts they and cleanliness; but which seeds, to fructify advantageously, did not believe him at all; they knew him to be all that we need, it is to be feared, a soil far less rank than can be found pronounced him—but they were delighted to have the shadow of in these wretched abodes. Tender minds, once vitiated, present a plea for maligning those whom they never could find an exalmost insuperable difficulties to reformation; bad habits and cuse for maligning before. There is a class of people who hate depraved feelings grow with the growth and strengthen with your Aristides, and are eager for an ostracism. Much good may the strength. It is not properly within the province of your it do them. With good consciences, spite of the way in which Committee to offer suggestions, but they cannot refrain from this knave has robbed us and our children, we still sleep sound expressing their belief, that the surest way to improve the phy- and trust in God and good men. sical and moral condition of the labouring classes, and to give The upshot of the sale was as might be expected. The stock education a fair field, is for wealthy and benevolent individuals sold at about 9d. per volume, and the copyright not at all-it throughout the country, to form local associations, and by the was bought in, and another attempt is made by another pubaid of Parliament, to possess themselves of all such buildings lisher now to continue this unfortunate speculation, as we have described, whether the house in the town, or the We are glad to have to announce that Douglas Jerrold has cottage in the country, to rebuild suitable roomy dwellings, repeatedly assured us and our friends that his note which was properly drained, ventilated, and supplied with water, and to published by Saunders, and of which so much was maderas rent them so CHEAP to the poor, that they shall have no excuse nerer meant by him to be printed—that it merely echoed for herding together like animals. In this way the great evils Mr. Howitt's own opinion of the squabble into which he bad of over-crowding may be remedied for that large class of our been dragged—that it was simply intended by him to withdraw labouring population which is prepared to adopt habits of clean- his name as contributor from both journals, and,-as he has liness and decency: but nothing short of compulsory legisla. written to a friend of ours—"that he never for a moment had tion can meet the case of the low lodging-houses and rooms sub- the most distant idea of setting himself up as a censor on Mr. let after the manner of those described in this Report.

Howitt’s conduct." Let others be as generously candid. There Nothing can be conceived more mischievous than the system are some who have great need of it; but if there be any who of sub-letting in almost universal operation in the houses in- have indulged in a petty malice from whatever cause, let them spected by your Committee. The owner of the property lets be satisfied, If we ever offended them, they have been amply his houses to a sub-landlord, this sub-landlord lets his rooms to avenged ; and they may enjoy the pleasing thought that our individual tenants, and these tenants let off the sides or corners children will suffer for the aid and countenance they gare to of the rooms to individuals or families. Cheap houses will go this adventurer, as well as ourselves. Can the most refined mafar to give the death-blow to this fatal system ; and to build lice desire more ? cheap houses, deserving of the name, appears to your Committee

FREE EXHIBITION OF BRITISH ART MANUFACTURES, a work of preventive charity worthy of all encouragement."

ST, JOHN STREET, ADELPHI,
SALE OF THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL.

St. Patrick's day, 17th March, 1848. It is due to ourselves to notice the upshot of this Journal,

Sir and Madam, which was declared about this time last year to be “ commer

The work-people of several large factories in the cially established and perfectly safe,” and to be circulating metropolis——being subscribers to your journal, beg to offer from 35,000 to 40,000 copies weekly. To those who were led through your columns, and by your favour, their acknowledg. to believe the charges of Mr. Saunders against us, it may be as

ments to the council and members of the Society of Arts, for well to consider how his assertions have proved in other re their exertions and attention to the interests of native talent, spects. This Journal was so “commercially established,” that by establishing an annual exhibition of British manufactures we have now been assured by the creditors who have inspected and decorative art, they respectively solicit your insertion of the books, that at no time did it ever circulate 17,000 per week, this in your next record, and earnestly entreat all your readers and the printer assures us that for a long time they have not within reach, to visit (with their friends) the exposition without printed more than 8,000, and about the end of the year 4,500, delay, of which the following are some particulars. while it required a circulation of 20,000 copies weekly to pay.

I am, for them and self, It was, in fact, at the time of this impostor's daring assertions,

Your obedient, sinking at the rate of £4,000 a-year, and more; in the two Bishop's Coffee House.

H. B. years of its continuance, it sunk upwards of £9,000. We were This is the second exhibition, containing seven hundred spealso assured, the other day by one of the creditors, who wrote a cimens of decorative art; and is now open without charge, note during the controversy to justify this man, that “the only every day except Saturday, between the hours of ten and five, thing that he was amazed at was, our ever stumbling into the by tickets, to be had from a member, or at the following parconnection with him, as his character was already so well known ties :-Ackerman and Co., Strand; J. Cundell, 12, Old Bondin the trade, that they would not have given him credit for £10, street; D. Colnaghi, 18, Pall Mall East ; Dean and Co., Lon-it was us to whom they gave it." Thus the man, it appears,

don Bridge; J. Hetley, Soho-square; J. Mortlack, 250, Oro not only traded on our literary influence and friends, but on our ford-street ; J. Tenant, 149, Strand ; Mr. I hillips, 358, and credit.

359, Oxford-street; R. Henson, 70, Strand; W. Mortlack, 18, The desperate exertions made by this most malignant man, Regent-street. on finding that we were resolved not to be tamely ruined, may

CONTENTS. be gleaned from what took place on the other side of the Atlan.

Letter from Paris. By GoodwyN BARMBY~-Banvard's Adventic.

ture-February Stanzas. By FERDINAND FREILIGRATH. WritThe Liberator of February 25th, the great organ of the Anti

ten in London, February 25th, 1848. Translated by MARY Slavery party in America, says " the attacks of Mr. Saunders HowITT-Facts from the Fields. The Depopulating Policy. By

WILLIAM HOWITT. were prodigally circulated in various forms on both sides of the

Extension of the English Manufacturing Atlantic.” And it adds, that from the moment they suw the System, by which Men are worked up into Malefactors. “ unfriendly, coarse, and unjust attack, they burned to protest The Meldrum Family. (Continued.)—Scenes and Characters against it, and to pay a richly merited tribute to the Anti-Sla- from the First French Revolution. Translated for "Howitt's very sagacity, zeal and fidelity of William and Mary Howitt.” Journal,' from Lamartine's Histoire des Girondins-Child's And they add this most expressive passage.

“ The result of Mr.

Corner. The Story of Little Cristal, by MARY HOWITT-GerSaunders's ruinous conduct in the People's Journal,' which Mr. many at the Present Moment-Sonnet. On Free Trade proHowitt predicted would be the case, and his leaving Mr. Howitt mised in 1849. By EBENEZER ELLIOTT—Record. to pay for all the attacks made upon him, vividly illustrates the story told by Dr. Franklin of not only having a red hot poker Printed for the proprietor by WILLIAM LOVETT, of 16, South thrust down the back, but being compelled to pay for heating it! Row, New Road, in the Parish of St. Pancras, County of This is monstrous indeed!”

Middlesex, and published by him at 291, Strand, in the It has always struck us as remarkable, that of all the people Parish of St. Clement Danes.

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Three years.

moralization to individuals to the present hour, when POETS OF THE PEOPLE.

they present an amount of public evil which demands No. III.

their utter abolition.

In England, previous to the passing of the late Act,
THOMAS COOPER,

1 and 2 William IV. cap. 32, no person could legally Author of The Purgatory of Suicides.possess game unless qualified by an income from land Thomas Cooper is one of those Poets of the People who or an equipollent. On the passing of that statute, the have embodied their poetry in their lives, and their possession of game was legalised on payment of an anlives in their poetry. He has acted, suffered, written, nual duty of £4 10s. By the same statute any person, and through the medium of endurance or performance in the day time committing a trespass in search of game, become what he is, or rather shewn what he is. We may is liable to be tried in a summary manner before one or here repeat what we have said on another occasion in two justices, and fined in sums from £2 to £5, and speaking of him and of the true poets of his school. The failing payment, imprisonment from two to three months, true vocation of the poet unquestionably is to animate either with or without hard labour, at the discretion of the human race in its progress from barbarism towards the justices trying the cause; and, by a later statute, virtue and greatness.

He is appointed by Providence to half of the penalty is made payable to the informer. By aronse to generous exertion, and to console in distress. the 9th George IV., cap. 69, any person, by night, unThere is nothing so full of the elements of poetry as the lawfully taking and destroying game or rabbits in any fortunes, and aspirations, and achievements of ihe vast land, whether open or enclosed; or who shall by night enhuman family. Its endeavours to escape from the sen

ter or be in any land open or enclosed with any gun, etc. sual into the intellectual life : its errors, its failures, its for the purpose of taking or destroying game, may be sorrows, and its crimes, are all prolific of poetry and dra- taken before two justices, and, for the first offence, immatic matter of the intensest interest, To guide and prisoned for any period not exceeding three months with encourage humanity in its arduous, but ever onward hard labour, and at the expiration thereof to find surecareer; to assist it to tread down despotism and op-ties, himself in £10 and two sureties in £5 each, for pression; to give effect to the tears and groans of the not so offending again for a year; failing these sureties suffering ; to trumpet abroad wrong in all its shapes; to being found, an additional imprisonment of six months. whisper into the fainting soul the glorious hopes of a

For the second offence, the penalty and sureties are still higher existence-these are and have ever been the doubled ; and for the third offence, transportation for godlike tasks of the true poet, and therefore he has been seven years, or imprisonment with hard labour not exstyled a prophet and a priest,

ceeding two years at the discretion of the judge. If By the very force of circumstance the working man three or more persons commit the trespass, transportaof England has been enrolled in this sacred prophetic tion not exceeding fourteen years nor less than seven band. The very light which is poured upon us only lays years, or imprisonment with hard labour not exceeding more bare to our astonishment the social evils that have long walked about in darkness. We see the multitude

In Scotland the law is different. The qualification for thronged together in misery, and the few only “fare killing game is the having in property a ploughgate of sumptuously every day.”. From factories and pits and land in Scotland. The above Acts 1 and 2 William IV., dense alleys, the weak and young cry out of oppressions cap, 32, and 9th George IV., cap. 69, have counterparts that destroy body and soul, and they are the poets with applying to Scotland, in so far as relates to the offences the words of fire and feeling, at the head of preachers, and mode of conviction and punishment; but these Scots literary and public men, who must be the great prophets Acts do not license the sale of game as in England. In of social sympathy, the heralds of justice and christian the present state of the law, it is understood that a quakindness between man and man, if they do not desert lified person only may buy or sell game; and such a their heaven-appointed post. One true word from them person by his qualification may communicate to an ungoes like an clectric flash through all the joints and qualified purchaser a right to buy game; but he cannot sinews of society. It is on the subject of human right authorise an unqualified person to dispose of it to him. and christian love, that they are great only to their pos- would appear that if he have a right from a qualified

Hence in the case of an unqualified seller of game it sible extent. It is not the particular evil which they strike at and destroy which measures the limits of their person to buy his game, he may purchase that, and he benefaction. They propagate a spirit which goes on may sell it to any other qualified person; but he may

operating the same moral changes from age to age. This neither buy from nor sell to any unqualified person. | spirit has now infused itself deeply amongst the people,

The state of the law being this in the two kingdoms, whole field of busy and struggling humanity, and pour the other natural fruits of the farm, and he may destroy and the poets which arise out of it will gaze over the nakes farmers occupy very different positions. In Eng.

| land it seems that the game passes to the tenant with forth their song of defiance to the banded tyrannies of social convention. Foremost amongst these is Thomas the landlord reserves the game in the agreement : while

it at pleasure if possessed of a game certificate, unless Cooper. The two great facts of his life which stand out in Scotland a tenant cannot kill the game on his farm conspicuously beyond all others are his imprisonment and vigorous self-defence on his trial at Stafford in 1842. without the authority of his landlord ; and he cannot and the publication in 1815 of his “ Purgatory of Sui: hinder his landlord, or those having the latter's leave, cides,” his great poem written during that impri

from shooting or hunting over his farm, at least if they sonment. Froin his defence on the first trial for it do not go through standing corn, or where injury may appears that he had two on the same charges, we draw be anticipated, but he has a claim for actual damages his own account of his life up to that time.

done to his property.

The most prominent evil accruing from these laws
(To be continue:l.)

is the destruction caused to the crops and natural fruits
of the earth by the preservation of game. By evidence

taken before a Committee of the House of Commons, in
THE EVILS OF THE GAME LAWS.

the course of 1846, it appears that game is strictly preBY A LAWYER.

served in almost every part of England : and, although These laws, which have descended from the Saxon every one conversant with rural affairs, must admit that

the evidence does not apply so particularly to Scotland, times, and which were increased in severity by the Vor- it is of general application. If there is any distinction, man conquerors, have continued to be a source of mis- the farmer in the latter country is worse off, because he chief to the country, and of augmenting injury and de- cannot in any case destroy game without leaye of the

proprietor. A landowner in Scotland with his friends same county, and where was within its bounds a cover and gamekeepers may scour every field and dale of the of only 3} acres, a field of 15 acres of wheat was injured farm without any agreement with or leave from the to the extent of £102 3s. In the cover alluded to it tenant. It is true, that in particular localities, in both was stated 70 hares had been killed. In the county of countries, there are many noble-minded men who have Norfolk, on 3,000 acres, the damages amounted to an given up the preservation of game, because it interferes average of £1,000 per annum. It was stated, that in with the crops and prospects of the farmer; but still some years 2,500 hares were killed on the land. A rabthere can be no doubt that in both kingdoms a great ma- bit warren required to be stocked with 12,000 rabbits : jority of the landowners are strict game preservers, and in winter the stock amounted to 28,000, and the averwill continue so till the privilege be wrested from them age killed in the year amounted to 20,000. In the by the Legislature.

county of Suffolk, five shillings per acre is calculated We think that we cannot show more conclusively as the damages sustained by game on a farm of 740 the nature of the game preservation than by direct- acres: the average of four years had amounted to £150. ing attention to the manner and extent of the in-On the estate of the Duke of Rutland, in Derbyshire, danjury done to the fruits of the earth. It is not pos- mages were sustained to the amount of £916 on 389 sible to preserve game and at the same time reap full acres of arable land, out of a farm of 3,773 acres of crops or preserve the natural fruits. During the whole arable, meadow, and pasture land. On the estate of course of their growth, the white crops, especially bar- Captain Wemyss, M.P., Fifeshire, it was found that the ley and wheat, are subjected to the ravages of game, damages amounted in 1844 to within a trifle of £1,000 : particularly of hares and rabbits. With an ordinary the number of acres being about 1,059. In Tiviotdale, quantity of game the loss sustained is great; but when a field of 41 acres was sown with oats, and the produce the crop adjoins a preserve, it often happens that the expected was 180 quarters, but the farmer reaped only farmer has not a sheaf left. It is thought by some that | 22 quarters, the rest having been destroyed by the the plant when young sustains no harm from being eaten; game. The turnip and other green crops also suffer but this is obviously an error. If the blade of the plant greatly from the ravages of hares and rabbits. Where be eaten by the hares or rabbits in its infancy, the growth the crop happens to grow in the vicinity of preserves, is retarded, and the plant is weakened and subjected the loss becomes very serious. This is more especially to mildew ; while at the same time the quality is in the case in districts where a great breadth of Swedes is jured by the introduction of chicken-weed among the grown. The injury is not so much from what the hares good grain. As the plant gets onward towards perfection, and rabbits eat; but wherever the turnip is broken by the game eats it through at the first joint, with the view, them, and a frost succeeds, the rot takes place and the no doubt, of enjoying the saccharine matter it contains. root becomes in a very short time unfit for food. In If this happen in a dry season the plant has no chance following out their destructive habits, they shew the of getting up to a good crop. As the crop advances to same taste as when dealing with the stalk of wheat. maturity roads are eaten among the wheat, nearly two They invariably open the turnip at the side exposed to feet wide, in such a way as leads an observer to con- the rays of the sun, and which contains the most nutriclude that it is done for amusement. * The capability of ment. Under no circumstances is it possible for the these animals to do mischief may be imagined from the cultivator of the soil to preserve the turnip crop entirely fact of four hares being equal to one sheep in the con- free from the ravages of hares and rabbits; in any losumption of food while in a domestic state. But then cality he is a grievous sufferer; but, if he has tļie misit is not the actual amount of food which they consume fortune to be placed in the immediate neighbourhood of that causes the serious loss: the greatest injury is caused preserves, his crop will run the risk of being ruined. Of by the animals running at large in the fields nibbling in this kind of crop, and especially in dry lands where litsport at the growing plants in every direction. A sheep tle rain has fallen during the season, the hares and raballowed to roam at large would not from its nature com- bits are particularly fond. The latter from its habits mit such devastation to the crops; but certainly the will not wander far from cover, but the hare has been damage would be much greater than the consumption known to travel several miles to a field of swede turnips of food while confined. For this reason it is not possi- during the night. The erratic habits of this animal shew ble to calculate with certainty the actual damage sus- the impracticability of a farmer protecting his crops by tained by the game; still, by comparing one part of a being allowed to kill game on his own farm. It will be field with another, something near the probable amount both interesting and instructive to adduce a few examof loss may be ascertained. By this process, part of the ples of the damages sustained by the turnip crops from witness examined before the Committee estimated the hares and rabbits. amount of damage.

On a farm in Dorsetshire of 320 acres, rented at 30s. A witness stated that the damages to one field of per acre, 90 acres were in turnips; and, although no wheat, between thirty and forty acres, in the county covers, excepting a small one on the farm, were in the of Hereford, amounted to £150. He also stated it immediate vicinity, the damages were laid at 50s. per to be his opinion, that the game preserves in that acre. In the county of Hereford the loss to the crop county were equal to an additional £200 on every has been estimated at £4 per acre. In Norfolk, in £800 of rent. Other witnesses from the same county which a great breadth of turnips is grown, it is a trite assessed the damages at from £2 to £6 per acre. In matter to lose half the value of the crop by the hare and the shire of Sussex the damage to a farm of 200 acres rabbit. Throughout the turnip districts of Scotland, was valued at £105; of these 200 acres, 110 only were great loss is sustained from the crop being injured by arable; and in the year referred to there were 30 acres the game. Take the lowest estimate of the loss in the of the farm in fallow. On a farm in Wiltshire of 1,100 latter kingdom, and it will far exceed the rent paid by acres, belonging to Lord Folkestone, the wheat crop in the farmer and all the public burdens. In many dis1845 was damaged to the extent of £172, or an annual tricts of England tares were formerly grown as a winter average of £115. In the same district on a farm of 900 crop; but, from the extent of game preservation, that acres and a rent of £610, the game valuators stated the kind of crop has been given up. The hares and rabbits damage at £416 8s. In Hampshire, on a farm of 750 are particularly destructive to this tender plant: if acres of light land, it was calculated that the half of the once bilten, it will never fiourish and become a good whole crop was destroyed by the game on the estate. On crop. In Herefordshire the farmer is often forced to a farm in Dorsetshire, of 364 acres, for which the tenant plough it down on account of the destruction by game. paid a rent of £230, the damages in some years reached Carrots cannot be grown without being at a consider£200, or an average of £150. On another farm, in the able distance from cover, and even then fenced so as to

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