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a man ventures in the house to call upon them to touch it. of it as it deserves. The American poet is serious when he Where is this to end? What do we hope for; or wait for? If in saysthirty years of peace we have only drifted farther into the great
The infant that, in modest days of yore, ocean of debt, what hope for reform or the people ?
Was wont to lie and kick upon the floor, In the last fifteen years we have abolished one bad law-the
That found its happiness in peaceful nap Corn Law. But be it remembered that this law was only im
In mother's arms, or nurse's soothing lap, posed in 1815, and that therefore if we except, and it is hardly
That never scorned to vent its rage in squalls ; worth while, the humbug of the Reform Bill, we have not really
And try its little lungs in deafening bawls ;carried one great reform for the last half century into any of
Now, holding such small things its mind beneath, those regions of oppression and abuse which press on the ener
Learns Calisthenics ere it cuts its teeth, gies and comforts of the nation. We can conceive no more piti.
And while, in quiet, nurse or mother sleeps, ful and contemptible idea of a spiritless, grovelling, and das
In “ Baby-Jumper” takes elastic leaps. tardly nation. In England, after all our boasts of our love of
A PRETTY PARLIAMENT. liberty, we submit to the daily and unexampled plunder of the vultures of aristocracy with the tame baseness of slaves that de
Why do we hear such outcries from Ministers for the augserve to be trodden till they are roused into the spirit of men, ur mentation of our National Defences? Why do we pay Trenty crushed into the mire that they so much resemble.
In this Millions a year for naval and military establishments in time of country Reform is a Farce; and political agitation an amuse- peace, besides Twenty-eight Millions a year for interest of a War ment. Any one seeing the uproar of a public meeting would | Debt, and only six millions for all other Government charges ? look for a revolution the next day. But what occurs the next Why do we pay 17s.6d, in the pound for military expenses, day? The man who got drunk over night, and the man who was
and the nineteenth part of a farthing for education? Why have drunk at the public meeting with political enthusiasm, who we such distress in our manufacturing districts, and such a mass stood up, ranted, shouted, and waved his hat or his handker- of ignorant and brutal idlers in our streets, ready for plunder chief, are equally sober-and arc gone to work with the most and destruction? Behold the answer! And in the name of comasinine resolve to win a pound in the week, that the aristo. mon sense, people of England, reflect seriously upon it! crats may have 17s. 6d. of it in the shape of taxation. John The number of Military and Naval Men who have seats in the Bull, who once was a fellow of spirit, has been bewitched by the House of Commons is One Hundred and Forty-three, viz.
3 Admirals fairies, and stands forth Bottom the Wearer with the Ass's lead! The French Government was running the same career, and
3 Lieutenant-Generals from 1841 to 1847 increased the debt nearly four millions sterl
3 Major-Generals ing. What did the French do? The most remarkable Week's
28 Lieutenant-Colonels Work yet upon record Here it is A NATIONAL WEEK'S WORK.
16 Majors Abolition of Monarchy; anıl erpulsion of Royalty.
43 Captains in the Army and Mary Grant of Unirersal Suffrage.
Gitto Abolition of all Titles.
4 Cornets Abolition of Capital Punishment.
113 Separation of Church and State. Admission of the Claims of Labour.
Besides upuards of 100 Military and Narl Oficers in the House Admission of Workmen as Shareholders in Railorys of Lorils, and a large proportion of both Houses of Parliament, and other Works.
who, though not actually Officers themscires, hare Members of Admission of an Artizan to the Ministry.
their families in the Army or Nary. Abolition of all Corporal Punishment in the Nary.
Ought these men to sit in Parliament and vote the money of Abolition of Stamps on Newspapers.
the people into their own pockets? Is not the fact that they do Abolition of all Sinecores.
so, a sufficient explanation why our military expenditure is inAbolition of all Slavery.
creased upwards of Seven Millions in the course of the year 1847 Go to John Pull--Go to Bottom the Weaver with the Ass's over the year 1835-a sum greater than the produce of the In. Head, and if thou only do as much work in the next century, come Tax. our children will have a better opinion of thee than we have. ARRIVAL OF MR. SULLY, THE ICARIAN AGENT AT NEW There is scarcely a nation in Europe which has not won some
ORLEANS, extension of its liberties from the impulse of the French Revo. lution except this impoverished, declining, and besotted country.
We are pleased to see in the Populaire, that M. Cabet has re
ceived a letter from Mr. Sully, dated New Orleans, 8th of FebruTHE BABY JUMPER.
ary, announcing his arrival in that city, in order to prepare for
the reception of the advance-guard of the Icarians, who left Ever since we have had any experience of children, and the
Havre on the second of the same.month. immense labour frequently required from nurses, especially la- with various gentlemen, amongst them M. Dominique Testa, M.
He had alrcady mct bour of the arms, we have wondered that no machinery had been Varasseur, M. Weitling, and others, who gave him the greatest invented, and called in to the aid of both mothers, nurses, and children. What would both mother and nurse give on some oc
encouragement regarding the choice of the location for the Icacasions, if they could hand a young child over to another per. co-operation and friendship. Nine different persons were anx
rian settlement, and its ultimate success. They promise erery son, to toss it and amuse it, when they themselves are quite ious to accompany Mr. Sully or the advance-guard to the settleworn out, or required to do something else at the moment that
ment. the child will not rest without active nursing. How often would the child itself be enjoying a healthy and charming exercise, is zealous in aiding the settlement of the Republican Govern
M. Cabet, at the head of the Central Fraternal Society in Paris when it otherwise is compelled to lie on the floor or in the cra
ment on a firm basis. dle, and become fretful because wanting that motion which nature indicates as the greatest requisite of all young creatures, next
CONTENTS. to food.
Facts from the Fields. The Depopulating Policy. By WilOur notions, however, always connected themselves with LIAM HOWITT. Extension of the English Manufacturing System, some piece of rather complex machinery—here is the object by which Men are worked up into Malefactors. No. I. The Melreached most completely by the simplest process in the world! drum Family. (Continued.)— Poets of the People. No. II. India rubber does it all ! India rubber supplies both springs and Beranger. By Dr. SMILES.— The Mission of Richard Cobden. impetus, and wipes out all the lines of care from the child's By J. PASSMORE EDWARDS.—Remarkable Dreams, Warnings and face as completely as it wipes out every soil from paper. A Providences.—Marseillaise Hymn, and Mourir pour la Patrie. cord partly of India-rubber--a circle of wire, a little jacket sus- Translated for Howitt's Journal.--Record. pended within it, and the child snugly buttoned into this jacket, and away it goes, all joy and laughter, and would not thank you for the best of living nurses. Once in the Baby-Jumper, and it is independent of nurses. It is at once nurse and nursed. Let PRINTED for the proprietor by WILLIAM LOVETT, of 16, South but its toes touch the floor, and all is right.
Row, New Road, in the Parish of St. Pancras, County of Having seen the success of this simple and invaluable Ame Middlesex, and published by him at 171, (corner of Surrey rican invention in the family of a friend, we are enabled to speak Street,) Strand, in the Parish of St. Clement Danes,
PRICE 1. STAMPED, 25d.
pared for the banquet. It was in vain they looked; the LETTERS FROM PARIS.
courage of the deputies had failed, and Guizot and Bar
rot were enveloped in the same reprobation by the de(For Howitt's Journal.)
serted people. Some of the crowd then directed their No. II.
way to Guizot's hotel, and to other points, but were dis- !! persed by the soldiers. At noon three barricades were formed in the Champs Elysées, and the troops of the line 1
sent to destroy them, fraternized with the people. MeanDEAR FRIENDS,
while numerous collisions had occurred in other parts In Paris itself, let us take a review of with the soldiers and the populace, and the Chambers the most external part of the movement of February. were alarmed. At five o'clock the rappel beat in every Let us glance at the ruins it has made. Let us note street for the National Guard, who united to maintain the monuments it has erected. This will prepare the order, but still shouted “Reform for ever!” The sol. way for a deeper consideration of the events of the Re- diers were mustered in all their strength. In vain! for volution of '48. This will form a fit preface to an account the “Marseillaise" and the “Chant des Girondins” fillof the parties and theories, which have been active since ed the air with thunder. In vain, for the people had in that grand change. My materials may wholly be de- various parts of the town been ruthlessly slaughtered. pended upon, and they will be new, as they are selec- In vain, for the workmen had arms or seized them. tions from the pamphlets; and not compilations from The night, however, closed in; and the fatigued people the journals. The personality of the recital is, however, retired as human beings to arise as heroes. sometimes preserved, as I pass through the streets of On the morning of the 23rd, about sixty workmen in Paris, book in hand, or accompanied by a friend. blouses made their appearance by the Fish-market, pre
My first sight was the Tuileries and the Palais Royal. ceded by a tambour, and led by a man with a long beard, Royalty was fled. The simple inscription—"Proprieté who waved in his hands a small tri-coloured flag. Here Nationale!”—National Property-placed upon its walls, they attempted to construct barricades, but were preproclaimed the Republic, and constituted its safeguard. vented by the approach of a body of infantry. These There were still, however, some remains of royalty to latter, however, were met by power of another nature, be seen. Piled in a rude and ragged heap, in the en- by the market-women, who with a poetry which their closed part of the Place du Carrousel, was a mixed mass appearance would not imply, cried to them, “Friends, of rubbish, which had once been used by used-up Roy- spare our husbands, our sons, our brothers !" and dealty. There it rotted, a confusion of papers from pa-layed them with presents of provisions. The brave litlace walls; of crockery, not delph, but china, of jelly tle band, meanwhile, continued its way without a cry or shapes; of hair-brushes; of all comprehensible conve- singing-with a wondrous silence, and stopped at niences; of all rascally rags. There it rotted; a hashed length without interruption in the Rue Poissonniere. heap of regal rubbish, which the people of Paris had Here they overturned carriages, pulled up the pavement, thrown out of the windows of the Palace of the Nation. and soon formed a barricade. A second was made in the It has since stunk and is removed. The Tuileries is in- Rue Clery, a third in the Rue Neuve Saint Eustache, tended to have an entire new order of inhabitants. It and a fourth in the Rue Thevenot. The position was is to become the palace of the soldiers of industry, of all admirable; and I am informed that the four barricades those valiant strugglers who return disabled or mutilated were all made in three quarters of an hour; and that from the manufactories, the mines, or the workshops. At not a musket was pointed against the soldiers until the least this is the view of the Provisional Government, Municipal Guards had fired on the people. Other barwhich will most probably be ratified by the National As- ricades' wherever there was a coigne of vantage were sembly. It is a grand idea this, that the palace of king- erected. We would instance only those in connexion craft should become the asylum of industry! Before the with which, we believe, we have some information, unRevolution, which has originated this idea, let us not known to the English public. A troop of soldiers of the forget that there were no political rights, no association line approached to attack the barricade in the Rue St.
allowed for demanding them, a parliament which repre- Martin. A young man of fifteen, almost enveloped by a 1 sented not the country, a budget with a deficit of six flag which he held in his hand, went upon his knees in
hundred millions, and a diplomatic body which had re- the most exposed position, and exclaimed with a reso1 ceived an express mission to sustain the absolute powers lute voice-" It is your flag, fire if you have the cou
in their attempts upon lesser nationalities. Then who rage!” The example of this intrepid youth was fol. will not exult to see France as she is, and not as she lowed by the other citizens. As if by common accord, was?
they rushed upon the barricade, and placing themselves Let us joyfully then make the tour of Paris in the before the muskets, and pointing to their hearts, cried route of the events of the Revolution. Early in the out, “Strike if you dare, the citizens without arms!” morning of the 22nd of February, large bodies of people The soldiers, who had taken aim, resumed their musof all classes, but chiefly workmen, were seen moving kets and refused to use them. The act of the brave to the west of Paris. They were proceeding to the ban- youth is already preserved in an engraving. Another quet of the 12th Arrondissement, which had been, con- young man had been arrested on the Boulevard Bonnetrary to all law and liberty, forbidden by the Govern- Nouvelle. His comrades collected around the guard. ment. At ten o'clock the students of law and medicine, house shouting for his release. The soldiers menaced met together on the Place of the Pantheon. There about them with firing. “Never mind,” they answered. Do eighteen hundred of them formed in two files, appa- your duty and we will do ours.” In despite of the bay, rently under the direction of a young man of colossal onets, they scaled the wall of the guard-house, entered stature, and commenced their march.
When they ar- by a window, delivered the prisoner, disarmed the sol. rived at the quays, they met and fraternized with a pro- diers, fired their muskets into the air, and then returned cession of two thousand workmen, descending from the them, crying out “The Line for ever!” amid the plauFaubourgs. Half-past eleven was the hour fixed for the dits of the crowd, astonished by this act of chivalrous general meeting at the Madeleine. Before that temple valour and generosity. At noon, barricades appeared of a church, an immense multitude united from all everywhere. There is scarcely a street in Paris, cerquarters of Paris. All eyes were turned to the Cafe tainly not a place of any military importance, in which where the Radical Deputies were accustomed to meet, there are not indications of where they were formed. At and were to have given the signal for the march to the four o'clock the fight was general. The ground was disChamps Elysées, where a covered place had been pre- puted step by step. The barricades were raised, were
destroyed, and arose again. Then a lull was caused by instituted and the Republic proclaimed. The 22nd was the report of M. Guizot's resignation, and for a while to have been a banquet, the 24th was a victory. the soldiers and the people absolutely fraternized at The most perfect order now reigns in Paris, although their late mortal rendezvous. The illusion was soon, Paris is entirely under the controul of the people. What however, dissipated. At ten o'clock one of the popular strikes you most in the Paris of the Revolution is this. columns, specially composed of the workmen of the The population is no longer, as with Louis Philippe Faubourgs, were seen to march along the Boulevard of awed by soldiery. You see the sentinels of the Garde the Opera. Their movements were marked by a certain Nationale Mobile, as it is called, at the usual posts, in harmony and order, even by a kind of discipline which the simple dress of citizens, distinguished only by an distinguished them from the other workmen. At their inscription on pasteboard fixed to their hats. Thus you head advanced, arranged in a line, seven or eight young will see a lad in a blouse, shouldering his musket, and working men, bearing torches and three coloured flags. pacing to and fro at his post, with a most military air About four feet behind these, marched singly an officer during the cold night. Of course a uniform will be inof the City Legions, in his full uniform, and sword in troduced as soon as possible; but the want of it at prehand. To him belonged the command of the column sent shows in whose hands Paris is placed, and that the After him came a strong body of National Guards, and people know how to preserve order. Otherwise Paris then a long orderly array of workmen. From street to is as it was, except that everywhere you see where the street, this patriot procession proceeded, now saluting barricades have been, by the loosened stones, by the smoke the house of some worthy citizen, and now singing the - blackened, and sometimes destroyed houses in their hymns of the people, until it reached the end of the neighbourhood. Except moreover, and this is a great Boulevard des Capucines, where it found formed before exception, that its inward life, its intellectual existence, it, an impenetrable wall of soldiers. They were two is most vividly quickened by the events of February, companies of the 69th Regiment of the line. The pro- that Paris is papered with placards, that the rage for cession continued its way not the less, until they found news is almost ridiculous, that new songs, new music, their torch-bearers in contact with the front rank of the new engravings, new costumes celebrate the Repubinfantry, when the order to halt was given, and their lic, that new journals are jerked rather than born into chief advanced to the commander of the soldiers, and existence, and that finally, clubs have become common requesting a passage, stated that the manifestation was everywhere, and everywhere are over-crowded. Of only a pacific one in favour of Reform, and promised to these things I shall give more particulars in my future preserve order. The request was refused, and after letters. some struggling between the nearest of the adversaries,
Yours very faithfully, the command was given for the soldiers to fire. Two
GOODWYN BARMRY. hundred muskets were thus discharged upon the unarmed and compact crowd. The murderous consequence was horrible. The terrible intelligence passed electri cally from street to street. The rest of the night was passed in solemn silence. It was the calm before the
A STORY ABOUT BANVARD. storm. The men burnished their arms for the morning's battle. The women prepared bandages for those whose Every one, or, at least every American, has heard of duty it was to be wounded on the morrow.
Banvard, and many have read his adventures, as pubThe morning of the 24th arose. I have no occasion lished in the descriptive pamphlets of his great Picture to give all its details. I would merely note those pla- of the Mississippi. "But he is the hero of an adventure ces which I have visited which have been consecrated which is not published, and which is rather too good to by heroic acts; or made remarkable by their occurren-be lost. It is generally known that he speculated in a ces. Such was the site of the barricade in the Quartier variety of ways on the treacherous Mississippi, to get St. Martin, now only recognizable by the loosened stones money to help him through his object. of its pavement. As it was being formed, a battalion One of these speculations consisted in fitting up a of the line marched up to the insurgents, and prepared flat-boat as a museum of paintings, which he floated to fire. A workman advanced to the soldiery, and cal- from town to town, exhibiting these paintings to the inled out, -"Observe, Commander, that our barricade is habitants thereof. He stopped" for one night only” at not finished, and we are not yet prepared to defend it; the little, and almost deserted town of Commerce, Misbut come and meet us here in an hour.” The officer sissippi, and which can be seen in the panorama, a looked at him, smiled, and defiled his troop, but never short distance below Memphis. During the exhibition, returned. In the barricade of the Rue Mauconseil, a there was one man who appeared very consequential, still more astonishing event occurred. While it was and wanted to know if the proprietor had a license for attacked by the military, from time to time, a young exhibiting his painting? He also said as the “Squire" man appeared at the very top of the intrenchment, en was out of town, he would assume the responsibility, tirely exposed himself, calmly charged his musket, ad- and collect the license-money himself. Mr. Banvard objusted it with sang froid to his shoulder, and each time served that the exhibition was not in the town, but on shot a soldier. The detachment fired upon him, but the river, and that he had a State license, which gave him not a ball wounded him. Ten times did he perform the the privilege of exhibiting where he pleased within the same gallant action. The commander of the troops jurisdiction of the State. then ordered his soldiers not to fire on him again, and “I can't help that,” said the self-appointed magiswhen the young man perceived this determination, he trate, with all the consequence of a
real genuine ceased to load his gun, and retired from the fight, to squire.” “We calculate to have a large town here some appear no more, either for fight or fame. A most glo- of these days, and we want money in our treasury, and rious refutation was this young man, of Burke's asser as you is making a small sprinklin' off the place, you tion, that the age of chivalry had passed away. Oc- might as well leave a little on it behind ; so fork over currences like this stand out like statues of the Gods the license money." amid the groupings of the Revolution. No wonder that Banvard found he had an ugly customer to deal with, the people conquered, when, as in the old epics, the and was so well acquainted with the people of the wild heroes of heaven descended as their leaders. The King region, that he knew it was best to get off as easy fled. The people marched to the Tuileries, and found as possible; for, at a word, this fellow could have it evacuated. Finally, the Provisional Government was the whole town at his back, who would be delighted
with the 'spree' of dornicking' the boat, and the fel. bow of the boat, " for, as I take it, we are now about low appeared to be the leader amongst them.
one and a half mile below.” “How much is your license?” said the exhibitor. Why didn't you let me know you were going ?”
“I don't zackly know, but I suppose I will make it said Consequence, his ardour a little cooled, when he ten dollars."
found the boat afloat, and himself trapped. “Ten dollars ! why, my dear sir, I have only taken “Why didn't we let you know? why, for a very good about six or eight dollars."
reason--we didn't know ourselves. One of your good “Can't help that; I want the ten dollars, or we good citizens, as you call them, cut our line loose before we citizens will 'odfisticate' this boat for you.”
knew it,” replied the man. “But some other 'good citizen' may demand another “What line ?” inquired Banvard—“the new one I ten dollars on the same plea,” observed Banvard. bought in Memphis last week?"
“I will ’sume the responsibilities of my fellow citi Yes, sir," replied several of the hands at once. zens, as I am the only responsible person in the town of "Put me ashore,” shouted the would-be dignitary. Commerce."
“Not until you pay me damages for my line, which “Well, sir, since you assume the responsibility, just some of your good citizens cut for me,” answered Bansit down and view the painting, and after the exhi- vard. “You said you would be responsible for their bition is over, I will pay your demand ; my busi- acts, and you were the only responsible person in town. ness calls me at present.
My line cost me fifteen dollars; you say I owe you ten; Mr. Consequence then walked into the large room now pay me five, and we will be even; and then I will where the exhibition was going on, and Mr. Banvard have you put ashore." turned to his hands, and giving them directions to have ' But, sir," rejoined the man, “ do not take me off! all the lines on board, except the 'bow line,' and to un- I have a suit pending, and I will lose it if I am not swing the oar, with poles set ready for starting at a mo- there to see it. Put me ashore, and I'll say nothing ment's warning, suspecting the fellow would raise a about the license.” row. After the exhibition was over, and the good citizens “Not until you pay me five dollars damages, for havbegan to make tracks for home, the 'collector' remained ing my line cut; and if you do not, I will take you to behind and demanded his money.
Vicksburg, and have you committed to prison, for en. “Certainly,” said the proprietor; “just step back into deavouring to rob a man under false pretences." the cabin with me, and you shall have it;” and back “Well, sir, step towards the light, and get the five he walked as one of the hands was extinguishing the dollars;” and taking out his pocket-book, Consequence lights used for the paintings. Just as he and Banvard stepped to the light, and gave the five dollars, when B. reached the little cabin, by some accident Mr. B. con- gave orders to have him set ashore. The hands then told trived to extinguish the only remaining light, and both him they would not risk themselves in a small boat at were shut in utter darkness. In the meantime all the night, among the snags, without being well paid for it; spectators had left the boat, and she swung back and and Mr. Consequence was forced to give them each a forth, being held only by the one line at the bow, and dollar, for which they set him ashore in a thick canethe current was rushing furiously by her. It was the break, on the opposite side of the river, about three intention of Banvard to cast the line loose as soon as miles below the town. How he got home that night is the last spectator got on shore. But this last spectator best known to himself. We venture to say he never saved him the trouble, for seeing the situation of the meddled with business that did not concern him after boat he thought it would be a fine joke to tell that he passing that night among the musquitoes and alligators. cut her loose. This fellow, not aware that the would - Boston Bee. be magistrate was on board, out with his bowie knife, severed the line and ran off. The hands on the bow perceiving the boat dropping astern, suspected what was done, and taking hold of the line found it cut. They
FEBRUARY STANZAS. immediately drew what remained of it on board, poled the boat off noiselessly into the current, and all on board
By FERDINAND FREILIGRATH. were rapidly floating off on the dark bosom of the Missis
Written in London, February 25, 1848. sippi, at the rate of six miles an hour. “ Come, make haste," said Consequence, after Mr. B.
Translated by Mary Howitt. had succeeded in re-lighting the lamp,—“I want them are ten dollars in a hurry.'
Among the Alps the first shot rang“Certainly, sir, as soon as I find the key of my trunk. 'Gainst priests was vengeance seething ! You see, sir, my receipts are only eight dollars to-night, They fell-no bosom felt a pang, and I must get from my trunk the balance of the money. The mighty avalanche onward sprangCan you change a twenty-dollar bill ?"
Three realms their swords unsheathing! “Well, I can hoss. I got to go to court to-morrow, Green laurels wreath the Schweitzer's brow; and I just put that sum into my pocket-hand over The ancient granite mountains now
For joy shake to their centre ! “Yes, sir, as soon as I find the key to my trunk.”
Hang it, have I got to wait here till morning for the Through Italy the storm careeredmoney ?” said Consequence, who began to smell a little
The Scyllas and Charybdis' of the rat.
Vesuvius called ; old Etna cheered; Certainly, unless I find the key before that time.” On every side bold fronts appeared ! “ Never mind the key; just hand me over the eight -Most ominous, ye princes ! dollars you have, and let the balance go, we will not To gay Vienna shouts Berlin, quarrel about trifles. Do you hear? or I will have the Vienna echoes back the din, town about your ears."
Even Nicholas is affrighted !, “Yes, I hear,” said Banvard, as he reached over the head of his berth, and coolly took down a pair of revolv And now again, as heretofore ing pistols. The fellow seeing this retreated towards That pavement is upriven, the door, shouting out, “Hullo, ashore there!”
Where freedom's arm a falchion bore “ You'll have to call a little louder than that to be And from the royal palace-door heard at town,” responded one of Mr. B.'s men, on the Two kings ere now hath driven;