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Carmel, in the finest vegetation in the earth, by the to despise mere poetic inactivity, and to aspire to social
side of Lilla, “ that beautiful daughter of Araby, whose labour for the advance of society.
long fair locks falling over her naked bosom, were At the same time that Lamartine thus met unaccus.
braided on her head in a thousand esses which rested tomed repulsions in the literary rld, he grew greater
on her bare shoulders amid a confused minglement of at the tribune. The Oriental question furnished him
flowers, of golden sequins, and of scattered pearls." | with an occasion for developing his ideas on the bases
All at once there came mounted on a swift charger, one of a new European system. A warm and eloquent atte.ck
of the most celebrated poets of Arabia. He had been on the punishment of death; some generous words in
apprized that he should meet there a western brother, favour of foundlings; a beautiful improvisation in
and he is come to joust with him. Our poet accepts which he contended for classical studies, against a rough
the defiance. The child of Asia, and the child of Eu- jouster, M. Arago, who combatted for science, made
rope collected themselves, and rivalled each other as to Lamartine known in the rank of a chief of a column,
who should find the most harmonious chaunts to cele- collected around him a little phalanx of choice men, and
brate the beauty of Lilla. The mean and shrill tongue this aggregation was decorated with the name of the
of our France entered into the lists with the supple and Social Party.
harmonious language which Job and Antar spoke, but What then is this social party? What moreover is
thanks to M. de Lamartine, France was not vanquished. the political idea of Lamartine ? Placed outside the

It is amid like enchantments that the poet leads us in times, the interests, and the men of yesterday, the pohis train, across Greece, Syria, Judea, Turkey and Ser- litical system of the poet it is difficult to succinctly and via. The eye is as if dazzled by all these faery passa- precisely analyze. To the eyes of Lamartine, in the ges, by all these scenes of war, of peace, of grief, of various commotions which had agitated France since joy, of repose, of love, which it sees on all sides flit'89, there was not only a political and local revolution, before it. The Itinerary of Chateaubriand is at the same but also a revolution, social and universal. These partime the book of a poet, of an historian, and of a philo- tial overturnings were nothing but the prelude to a sopher, in which he cxamines the ruins of centuries, general transformation, and the world appeared to him and enquires of them if they possess the secret of the to be soon called to a complete renovation in its ideas, times which live no more. That which is prominently in its manners, and its laws. Under this point of view, in relief in the book of Lamartine, in spite of Lamar- the doctrine of Lamartine approaches that of St. Simon. tine himself, is the poet. His work is pre-eminently He repudiates not this likeness. He had proclaimed it that of a religious and passionate artist, exploring the some while before. “St. Simonism” said he “has beautiful under all its forms, seeking in life all its splen- something in it of the true, of the grand, and of the fruit. dours, in art all its promises.

ful, the application of Christianism to political society, Soon the traveller thought of returning. The Dun- and the legislating in favour of human fraternity. In kirkers, had dispatched him, over the sea, a legislative this point of view I am a Saint Simonian. That which commission. He prepared himself for departure, sad was deficient in that eclipsed sect, was not the idea, was and broken hearted; for the same ship which had not the disciples : it wanted only a chief, a master, a borne his beloved Julia thither, racing, laughing, and regulator. The organizers of Saint Simonism deceived joyous on its deck, had to recross the ocean, carrying themselves in declaring

a deadly war, the poor child, cold and sleeping in a shroud. To save against family, against property, against religion...They himself and the mother of his daughter the grief of a could not conquer the world by the power of a word. contrast so heart-rending, Lamartine returned to France They converted, they agitated, they worked, and they in another vessel.

changed, but when an idea is not practicable it is not On the 4th of January, 1834, he appeared for the presentable to the social world. first time, at the tribune in the discussion on the ad. There remains to be known, however, what is the dress. Which will he be ? said they. Will he be Legi- practical system which M. Lamartine presents to the timist or Radical ? Right-centre, or left-centre, third social world, that system he thus expresses : You say party, or juste-milieu ? He preferred to be Lamartine. that all is dead, that there no longer exists either faith Refusing himself all political classification, he spoke of or belief. There is a faith,—that faith is the general reajustice, morality, of tolerance, of humanity, in the spe- son, the word is its organ, the press is its apostle; it cial language which God has given to poets. The law- wishes to remake in its image, religious civilizations, soyers of the Chamber judged him a little vague, the mat- cieties, and laws. It desires in religion, God one and ter-of-fact men found him too diffuse, the statesmen perfect as the dogma : eternal morality as the symbol : declared him impalpable, but however all the world heard adoration and charity as the worship-in politics, huhim with that emotion which ever attends a noble and manity above nationalities-in legislation man equal to harmonious speech when it emanates from the heart of man, man brother of man, Christianity made law.” a good man.

Such is the political testament of Lamartine. That Since his entry to the Chamber, M. Lamartine, has which the poetic publicist desires, that is to say univernot abandoned the worship of his first, of his most glo- sal fraternity, and a terrestrial paradise, is truly what rious years. He has attempted to march in rank, the all the world wishes as well as himself. The question inspirations of the poet, and the duties of the deputy. is, to know by what practical means the world is to be In 1835 he published, the poem of "Jocelyn,” a mag- placed in this position. nificent picture of passion sacrificed to duty. For the In that which is connected with exterior politics, Lafirst time he invoked the aid of modern history and martine's thought is not more practicable, but it is more dramatic position, brilliant auxiliaries which served neat and precise. It may thus be reduced to its most him with kindness. Criticism has reproved him with simple expression.

Europe is gorged with incorrectness of style, and negligence in the texture of inactive capacities and powers, which imperiously dethis work, but the public again found its poet, whole as mand social employment; but at the same time when ever, in the beautiful pages which reflected the rugged the excess of life overflows among us, there is working and savage nature of the mountains of Dauphiny. in the East a crisis of an inverted order. A grand vacAfter Jocelyn, Lamartine gave us, the “Fall of an uum offers itself there for the overplus of European Angel,” the second episode of that vast epopeia, with faculty and population. What is to be done then is to which he was inspired by the east.

turn upon Asia the surplus of Europe. How is this idea This was followed by his poetic recollections. These to be actualized ? Lainartine says, that a European works were not so well received by the critics, and in congress should be assembled, 10 decree that immedithe introductiou to the latter, M. de Lamartine professed ately after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, (and he sees

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it already on the ground) each power should take pos- Chamber of Deputies the more he has seen cause to withsession of a part of the East, under the title of a protect- draw his confidence from the King and Guizot, to oporate; should found on its coasts model towns destined pose them, and warn the country of the necessity of a to relieve Europe of its exuberant population, should firm stand for liberty. For this his eloquence has ben lead thither the indigent by the attraction of a benevo- zealously and splendidly exerted in the Chamber ; for lent, equitable, and regular organization, and should this he established the Journal Bien Publique ; but appeal thus insensibly to Asia in the way of conversion. above all, for this has he written his great work the “In twenty years,

adds Lamartine, '" the measure history of the Girondists, which has unquestionably done which I propose would have created prosperous nations, more than any other cause to urge on the era of the Reand millions of men would be marching under the ægis volution. During the paroxysm of this great and won. of Europe to a new civilization.” But remark that this derful change, Lamartine has maintained all expectations theory presented here in the state of a skeleton, is formed of him. Wise, firm, benevolent, and disinteradorned with a magic of style so attractive, that the ested, he resisted the rash claims, while he has advo. spirit allows itself to be gently led towards the angelic cated the just ones of the people. To him, perhap dream of the candid soul of the poet. We nearly forget more than any other of the present leaders of France, that to realize this system, which unrolls itself in twenty it is owing that so stupendous a crisis has been passed pages, there would be required nothing less than

with so little outrage, and so much noble forbearance. change by a stroke of wand, minds and men, to over. His power upon the multitude in its most agitated mothrow empires, to make continents approach each other, ments reminds us of that of Cicero. From his true and to join by the bonds of mutual and durable sym- which he has derived from it, we look for the introduc

Christian faith, and the high and generous principles pathy, races formed upon centuries of mortal enmiiies. But M. Lamartine accomplishes all these things in twen- tion not only of greater stability into the new governty years, and with a stroke of the pen. Another ten ment, but for a higher policy boih domestic and foreign centuries, and perhaps this audacious Utopia will be than has yet distinguished state morality. come a manorial right. Thus goes the world! While the crowd is painfully forced to enlarge the wheel-rut deepened by the generations passed, expecting that it will leave to the generations to come the continuation of its work, the poet, intrepid, and indefatigable enlightener! raises himself to his height above the times, and

SONNET, cries to the crowd, “Come to me.” “I have not thy wings," answers the crowd. The poet, uncomprehended lakes his flight, and the crowd which could not com

On the Third French Revolution, prehend, returns to its work. In a later analysis, there is in the exceptional position

By EBENEZER ELLIOTT. of Lamartine, amid the parties and ambitions which di. vide the country and the chamber, a character of dignity Cold sneerers, dead to pity, lost to shame! and grandeur, which well becomes the poet. Notwith It came, it cometh, “the tremendous gloom” standing his speech is vague, indecisive, and ill at ease,

That hurl'd the sire-dethroner to his doom : in the narrow and ephemeral questions, which each ses God whispers-hark! he names “The dreaded Name sion sees born and die, yet that speech enlarges, fortifies, Of Demogorgon!” * Still your wolfish laws and unrolls itself harmoniously coloured and imposing, Bare chain'd Prometheus to your vulture-claws; whenever it has to vindicate the rights of intelligence, or And hope ye to escape the torturer's fate ? to defend the eternal principles of honour, of morality, Though long delay'd, it cometh, as it came; and of charity, on which rest all human society. We It cometh! and will find you“ taught too late,” recall that stormy day when a late minister had io resist Soul-chaining, chain'd in soul, repentant never, nearly alone the united efforts of the most powerful Darkest, yet darkening. Then, the fated frown orators of the chamber. The minister succumbed. La Will cast ye deep beneath all darkness down; martine believed he saw in the energy of the attack, a And brighten’d by your infamous renown, spirit of systematic hostility, of covetousness, or of

All other infamy look bright for ever. rancour. His poet's heart was indignant; he descended into the arena, re-established the combat, and made an appeal to the country to decide the victory. That influence which Lamartine sometimes exercises in the debales of the chamber, is less due to the eminent oratorical facilities which he possesses, than to the morality of his life, to the elevated instincts of his nature, and

A WORD IN SEASON, TO WHIGS IN OFFICE. above all to the calın, disinterested, independant, and noble attitude, which he has ever preserved since his entry into the political career.

The poet of Elvira has in his general appearance a something which recalls Byron. There is the same

Blush ! faithless Whigs—your opposition crybeauty of face and look, there are the same habits of

“ Reform !-Retrenchment”-stands, a posted lie; elegance and of dandyism, the same tournure, a little

Since Power has brought your craven nature out, trimmed, a little English, perhaps, but perfectly noble

While for new taxes, and old cheats, you shout. and distinguished! If you join to this to complete the resemblance, the train of a great lord, a sumptuous hotel,

or Tories sick, but sickening more of you, horses of pure race, a magnificent chateau, you can then

State quacks alike-ve bid you both adieu ; conclude that since Tasso and Camoens, the times are a

And caring nought for names, however great, little changed, and that one is permitted in our days to

Seek honeST MEN, to rule, and save, the state. be a great poet without dying in an hospital.

Feb 26, 1848.

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BY E. W.

With the late political position of M. de Lamartine the public is familiar. The longer he has sate in the

* See Shelley's Prometheus Unbound,

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He ne'er on the Danube had looked for a bride
SCENE NEAR THE HOTEL DES INVALIDES IN

He ne'er had sunk down from his zenith of pride-
PARIS.

His days had been closed where their glory began,

And we had received the last sigh of the Man!
Written in September 1847.

BY WILLIAM KENNEDY.
A GREY musketeer met a carbineer-

Literary Notice.
“Halt, comrade-hot weather--a word in your ear!
Let's talk of old times o'er a can of March beer!
I've got a broad piece of the year Ninety-three-

Medical Reform. The article on Medical Reform which
We'll teach it to dance, for the honour of France-

appeared in No. XXI of the British and Foreign or A signal to any stray brother you see!

European Quarterly Review for July, 1840; Letters That lancer bring here, and that bluff cuirassier- on Medical Subjects, published in the Lancet, etc., Hussar and chasseur, and the light voltigeur-

and evidence given before the Metropolitan Sanitary of yon limping gunner of Drouot's make sure

Commission. By W. SIMPsox, Esq., Surgeon. They're all of 'em welcome to you and to me!

2nd edition ; enlarged. London: Renshaw, Strand. "No flinchers were we, at the baptism of fire !

What institution is there in this country which does Good fellows-close ranks—to the old table nigher not need the hand of a thorough and searching reform ? This father of flagons is all we desire !

It is clear from the able pamphlet of Mr. Simpson that Now each to his can, and follow my plan

the system of granting Medical Diplomas in Great BriOf pledging the absent-(a heavy tear ran

tain is a disgrace to the country. We are glad that Down a hoary moustache) - Friends I drink to the there is a Committee of enlightened medical men enMan!'

deavouring to bring this state of things before ParBottom up are the cups- Not a word more is spoken- liament and the country. * They will be sur'Twas long ere the soldierly silence was broken. prised” says Mr. Simpson, “ to learn that there are A man among men! What a pitiful pass

nineteen graduating bodies, differing widely from each That he should go mate with the Austrian lass!

other in their requirements of qualitications for canToo early ashamed of the people who made him, didates, as well as in their power of conferring titles, Awakened too late to the ties which betrayed him! not one having the power to give authority to practice in Hoche, Kleber, Dessaix, and the gentle Marceau all the branches of medicine, or to protect the public Would they have joined hands with the race of our foe? from the danger and loss of life consequent on reckless Beneath the bright folds of our own Tri-color,

ignorance and empiricism. Instead of being beneficial Were beauties in plenty-What wanted he more ? to the public or the profession, they have a directly opIf he longed of a Hero to keep up the line,

posite effect. They are marts for the sale of diplomas, The Army håd daughters--rare gems of our mine! pieces of machinery subservient to the purposes of selfWell crash went the Empire-a castle of cards— interest, usurped by the few to the injury of the many. For us, and for ours--my faith! what rewards ! If such corrupt bodies cannot be abolished, we would The best of us bundled aside, like old shoes

insist at least, as a protection for the public, that the exFill up, and drink gaily—' Confusion to Jews,

amination in each should embrace the whole range of And all who fair play and promotion refuse!"

medical practice; that the license should be uniform, " These times (over peaceful) are better for France, and confer an equal right in every part of the British But somehow our country is slow to advance;

Empire: that the poor as well as the rich should be proYet the King of her choice has a heart for a friend, vided with competent advice in the hour of suffering.' And for us the poor soldiers his crown that defend Certainly, a diploma granted by a competent authority A health to the King ? and good luck to his sons, ought to enable a man to practice anywhere. If he be Who do the rough work ’midst the thunder of guns ! not fit to practice anywhere, he is fit to practice nowhere. Those sons serve him freely, in limb and in life, The remedy for the gross abuses and monopolies that at If he'll only remember that France is his wife--- present exist is proposed to be effected by the establishAnd that, of her children, the best are alone

ment of one responsible and competent tribunal in each Entitled to garnish the steps of the Throne;

of the three kingdoms, without whose license and enNo favour to title, or fortune, or kin,

rolment no person shall be legally acknowledged as a For all a fair start, let the worthiest win!

medical man ; that such license shall be granted in Should he leave this undone,

every case upon precisely similar exercises, examinaYou'll find, when I'm gone,

tions, and fees, to be specified by law, and that it shall An unfinished job France again will begin !

confer equal privileges throughout the British dominions, “ A sorry mistake did our Corporal make

care being taken, of course, to remunerate the members No niggards were we of our blood for his sake -- of the licensing board by salaries, and not by any direct Thy heart, Josephine, it did bitterly ache!

interest in the number of persons licensed." I swore-silly ass!

It is proposed, moreover, to admit courses of studies It could ne'er come to pass

at foreign schools of medicine of high repute as valid in What; he woo the hand of the Austrian lass!

examinations, as these schools do to courses of studies “ 'Twere well if our chiefs, when prosperity shines, made in ours. These propositions are too rational, lib. Would hear the old grumblers who growl in the lines eral, just, and necessary, not to make their way with If leaders were led by the voice of the ranks.

the public, and with government, spite of the interests Parbleu! they would sport fewer mischievous pranks! of close corporations who now make a trade in medical “ A sweetheart I had when I heard the sad news, licenses. And sobbed a farewell in the Court of Adieus ! *

For a mass of varied information on this and other And I thought, when the sun of our triumphs was set, subjects in immediate connection with it, we refer the Had he only loved France as I loved my Annette, reader to the pamphlet itself. We are glad, amongst

other things, to see Mr. Simpson testifying to the im

portance of the public labours of Mr. Walker, as regards * The Court of Adieus—formerly the Court of the White our burying-grounds and modes of interment, a subject Horse, at Fontainblean—a scene of painful leave-taking be- which the pressure of many matters has hitherto pretween Napoleon and part of his devoted followers.

vented us giving the attention to that we have desired.

1

great French Revolution--we have all the moral and immoral

elements of a terrific explosion under our very feet, without THE WEEKLY RECORD.

any safe-guard but an army, which, from its very origin and constitution—the off-scouring and scavenger scrapings of the nation--not the conscript draught from the very heart of the people is no safe-guard but an aggravation of our evilsma

preparation of brute butchery and national calamity. THE PRESENT MOMENT,

l'nder these circumstances what are the facts which indi. The French Revolution has produced throughout Europe might anticipate. The better and more enlightened portion

cate the effect on the working population. Exactly such as we the effect of a miracle; it has passed through it like the instant destitute of leaders in whom they have a well-grounded confithrill of the electric telegraph. The slumbering fires of dis- dence lie still, while the imbruted portion comes forth and gives content at once blaze up, and a ferment is commenced which will work more wonders than we yet can fore-see. Italy already its tail and not its head—the destructive and plundering fea

us an imbruted imitation of the French outbreak. We have on the high march of reform, is elated by the news. The King of Naples--hanging back in the fulfilment of his promised souled with a sublime national purpose is missing

tures, not the patriotic. All that is great, generous, and en. constitution--moves on. The north of Italy looks to France only the revolting and the base.

- we have for aid, and to Austria with defiance.

But who shall say whether The universities raise the song of young-blooded patriotism. Spain is agitated to the gains strength on the continent, it shall not also grow here,

it will stop here? Who shall say that as the reform fermentation centre ; Germany arouses itself to seize the crisis it has long and bring into its sphere all the oppressed masses of the kingwaited for, in order to wrest its rights from its tyrants. The

dom. King of Prussia at once declares that he will not interfere with France. He is wise--for he knows that this alone can save against it-we can contemplate nothing more tremendous,

In such a moment, however the beiter portion might strive from France his Rhenish Provinces on which it has long cast nothing more terrible and ghastly than a universal outbreak of a desiring eye. He is wise--for he knows that far more at home is demanded than his mock constitution.

the masses in this country The contempt with which they

He is wisefor the Poles are in his rear keenly recollecting their wrongs. been left to suffer; the immense mass of wealth exposed to

have hitherto been treated; the miseries they have so long The gambling old duke of Hesse Cassell is chased away ; and it is laughable with what haste the Grand Duke of Baden flings to enlistment-raised, and barrack-moulded soldiery, present a pic

their hands, and the brute resistance to be expected from the his people that freedom of the press and the trial by jury which

ture to the imagination, too horrible to dwell upon. they have for a dozen years endeavoured in vain to obtain from him. Hesse Darmstadt, Nassau raise the ominous flag ; even

But it rests with the middle classes, with the property and

educated classes to determine whether this tableau of horrors the so-called free city of Hamburgh is agitated, and talks of re

On them lies the form. Behind Austria peep up the keen expectant heads of and devastation shall present itself or not. Hungary and Bohemia, and Poland once more lifts hers, and responsibility of neglected millions and deferred opportunities waits to lend a hand. Millions of men aro eagerly discussing of redress. On their heads will be the blood, when blood shall the question of the great and decisive moment to snatch the

be shed, if they do not with timely prudence, come forth and long denied rights from the hands of dastard despotism through solve to prerent Rerolution by Reform.

make common cause with the people, if they do not reout the continent—what do we here? The question is the most momentous one that can be started; it demands our most

That man is not the wise man who says,--". Hush! be still !" serious contemplation.

For there will, beyond a certain point, be no hushing, no keepIn no country is sound and extensive reform more necessary. ing still. That man is a wise man who says to all * seize the Under the delusive show of freedom in speech and press, the moment of enthusiasm ; unite in public meetings ; gather tomost genuine despotism is maintained. We are ground by gether your leaders; your tried and prudent, though deter

mined men. debts and taxes, and the very political sect that came into of.

Invite your wealthy neighbours ; your masters, fice nearly three years ago as the avowed champions of reform shopkeepers and manufacturers, to join you and lead you to and retrenchment, sits comfortably on the national coffers, and success.

Invite them to make head, backed by the huge body entertains no thought but how to fill them for its own benefit.

of the people, and force from without on your ministry and Through thirty years of peace the English nation with a patient parliament, a thorough Reform. Do this, and the thing is accomstolidity unexampled in any other people, has sate with

plished. 'The Government of England could not withstand

open mouth expecting the hypocrites of reform to drop some grain such a demonstration for a day. Be content with nothing short of it into it. Is this to go on for ever? Can it go on for of all the great reforms which the Whigs pledged themselves to ever? Look at the present condition of things. Taxation in twenty years ago; and first and foremost, the suffrage to creased and increasing instead of diminishing; trade dwin- every man of sound mind and twenty years of age, as the dling; manufacture paralyzed; the people starving; Ireland foundation and the guarantee of all other reforms. perishing of famine.

France has granted this already-England cannot refuse it, if

demanded in a manner which becomes a great people. Under these circumstances what is the effect of the French Revolution ? Has it woke us up as it has the continental na

For our part we shall listen to neither the counsels of the timid tions, to seize the moment, and demand the long promised re

nor the rash. We shall excite our readers as vehemently as posforms! No. A burst of parliamentary discontent with the pro

sible for thorough Reform as the safeguard against Revolution. posed addition to the Income Tax, has, for a moment, scared the

We shall continue to say to the people-demand your rights--be

To the middle classes-- lead the minister, and made him lift his harpy talons temporarily from the careful not to commit wrongs. spoil he was about to snatch --but where is the general demonstra- people to their just claims, or blame yourselves if they act tion on behalf of those reforms which all have so long agreed without your counsel and sympathy, and commit in their exare necessary to our very existence as a nation ? We look for asperation, wounds on the body politic and in the cause of li. it in vain.

We have in this kingWhere are the leaders of the people united to ani- berty, which may require ages to heal. mate, organize, and guide them on to their just and legitimate dence, we want only one thing, and that is, a spirit of prompt

dom vast wealth, vast intelligence, a strong spirit of indepenobject? We look for them in vain.

We should march to imme. parliament which dreads reform as it dreads death, thinly in- resolve and of generous cohesion. termingled with a number of avowed reform members who do diate and most safe victory if we could only lift our feet high not intermingle with each other. There is a body without a enough to cross over the innumerable gutters of sects and head, a spirit without concentration or purpose. Without, parties, and fixed onr eyes steadily on the great goal of Public there is a large and wealthy middle class, dead to the spirit of

Good. a genuine reform, as they are blind to the dangers that its neg. lect will one day bring upon them.

AWFUL CONDITION OF THE WEST OF IRELAND. This is the frightful condition of things in England. We

Ballycastle, county of Mayo, call it frightful, because such is the huge mass of want, unem

February 29, 1848. ployed strength, disappointed hopes darkening into despair,

My dear Friend, patience rapidly changing into desperation; and such is the

Here I am in a miserable little town on want too of that education amongst millions which France, the north-east coast of this wretched country. I am just now Germany, and even Austria have been receiving at the bands of engaged in a tour of inspection for the Friends' Central Relief their governments—that in the contagiou sneighbourhood of the Committee, and as I have a spare evening before me, I think I

W.H,

may as well spend a part of it in setting your readers right on a Poor Law and the British Association, are confining their own point on which the American lady, Asenath Nicholson, has misin- efforts chiefly, though not wholly, to the encouragement of formed them in a late number of your Journal. I allude to her fisheries, domestic manufactures, and other means of perma. statement, that whilst the people around Belmullet (in the ba- nent industrial support. This is a very important object. Until rony of Erris, in this county) are starving, the Friends' Relief the people are taught to help themselves, they cannot be as. Association have a quantity of food rotting in the Commissariat sisted or sed to any purpose. They knew almost nothing here. Stores of that town. This is not correct. The Friends have not tofore, except how to plant, dig, and eat potatoes and oats. A had any food in stores of their own in that town since the 12th more unskilled race was not to be found than they were and of last June, Since that time, and for some time before it, the are. I speak of the west coast chiefly. cargoes consigned to their care from America have been given What a dreadful blow to such a country and such a people was up by them to the Commissariat Stores nearest the place of land- the loss of crops in one year to the value of at least 24,000,000 ing, the Department making itself indebted to the Friends' Re sterling. Much has been done for our relief by the munificence lief Committee for an equal value of provisions in any part of of England and other countries—but certainly not to one-half Ireland. By this arrangement, all expense and responsibility the extent of the loss. There has been no potato-rot this year, of storage and conveyance was saved, and the operations of the but in the poorer districts there has been a famine almost as Association greatly facilitated. They were enabled to substi- fatal, in consequence of most of the soil having remained un. tute rice, of which little or none was directly consigned to their sown for want of seed in 1847. If seed be not supplied from disposal, for other kinds of provisions that did not answer so some quarter in 1818, 1819 will be no better. And if the land well for distribution to the sick or convalescent. In short, they be not planted by some external assistance the people must had all the Commissariat Stores in Ireland at their command, perish, for they cannot do it themselves, and the landlords, who 80 that they were enabled to select the kind of provision for dis- receive no rent, and are in many cases as poor as their tenants tribution which best suited the necessities of the locality requir- cannot help them. Such is the poverty of all classes that the ing relief. The Committee of the Friends' Relief Association Poor Law with its enormous requisitions is rapidly bringing have been indefatigable in their labours since the famine com- all classes down to the same level of irretrievable poverty and menced. To my own knowledge, some of the largest donors degradation. have been the hardest workers, and have given an amount of

Your's truly, time and attention to its affairs, that ten times all the money

RICHARD D. WEBB, they contributed could not have purchased from them. Know

DESTITUTION IN THE METROPOLIS. ing this Committec as I do (I am not one of their number,) I The great events which have taken place in a neighbouring feel somewhat indignant that their zeal and fidelity should be country seem to absorb the attention of all parties, and none impeached from mere hearsay, and on very insufficient enquiry. hare felt the effects of the excitement more deeply than the cha

To no part of Ireland has the attention of Friends been di- ritable institutions of the metropolis. The last week has alrected more unceasingly; nor has any part reaped so largely of most made bankrupt many of them, and we hear that the Lei. the bounty placed at their disposal as this. And yet it is quite

cester-square Soup Kitchen, which affords relief in good noutrue that the people are starving. Scattered in their miserable risbing soup and bread to about a thousand destitute creatures villages (not to be exceeded in aboriginal wretchedness in any | daily, will be compelled, unless more uctively supported immepart of the globe, climate and latitude being considered,) over a diately by the benevolent public, to suspend operations. Where vast wilderness of barren and boggy mountain and moorland, they will these poor creatures scek their solitary mcal if such an are too numerous and too far apart for any machinery of charic event should take place? They cannot live on public excite. table associations or Poor Law Acts to reach them. The villagers, ment; and there is no room for ihem in the work houses. Starin a circuit of thirty miles of the wettest and most wretched ration, begging, or theft, are their only resources; but a country you can imagine, are convered once a week for their al- glance at the characters of the general recipients of the above lowance of a pound of meal per day for each adult. Many can- charity will show that their education and moral integrity make not come-many are not present when the roll is cailed over

then prefer silent suffering, even to starvation, rather than many cannot succeed in establishing their claims-many are commit a crime. The following may be relied on as correct :shut out, as they say, “ by favour and faction"--that is to say, D. E., a clergyman, a native of Wales, educated at Christ Church, by the partiality of the relieving officers' subordinates or vice- has officiated as a curate for several years, was engaged at a Welch gerents, who are often of necessity natives of the locality, and church in London, also at Cooling, in Kent, for twelve months, at therefore the very worst that could be selected. The upshot of a mere nominal salary---the rector's living became sequestrated... the whole matter is, that there is, an amount of ragged, squa- gratefully acknowledges the timely relief of bread and soup on se

veral occasions. lid, haggard poverty, starvation, and death, in this part of

A. A., a widow, mother of four children, is very ill; the relief Ireland, that I solemnly believe could not be parallelled in any afforded her by the Soup Kitchen prevents her selling off the fe* part of the globe,-such as could not be conceived by one who household things she has, and going to the union. had not seen it.

S. M., another widow, with four children; her husband was a Yesterday I walked twenty miles in The Mullet, on the west- printer, died of consumption, and left her and her family quite ern coast of this county, and the sights I saw would make your destitute; gets Gs. per week by her needle; her children are taken

care of at a ragged school---the Soup Kitchen keeps her from beblood curdle. I saw a woman who had been found starved on coming chargeable to the parish. the road-side carried to her grave by four men. The body lay Such is a specimen of the recipients of the “ solitary mcal" in an abominable black filthy sheet, the bare legs hanging down at the Leicester-square Soup Kitchen, which, it is to be hoped, before and the head behind. The face was hideous, -as you will meet with the generous support of the benevolent public. might imagine a corpse would look after a month's burial.

I It softens down the misery of thousands, and is fully entitled to followed the procession, which consisted of the four bearers the credit of preventing fever, mortality, and crime. A guinea and a woman, over the sandy bill of Tarmon to the burial-ground subscription will enable the benevolent donor to prevent one near the village of Fallmore, at the extremity of The Mullet and hundred persons from dying from starvation. Ilis Royal Highopposite to the mountainous Island of Acbill. There the poor ness the Duke of Cambridge has just sent £10 to the charity. corpse was laid, wrapped up in the black sheet for a shroud, in

CONTENTS. a grave not more than two feet deep in the sandy soil. Some

Facts from the fields, The Depopulating Policy. By tvil. men who gathered round asked me more than once, “ Ah then,

LIAM Howitt. Extension of the English Manufacturing System, sir, is'nt it a poor case to see a christian buried in this way with by which Men are worked up into Malefactors. No. I. The Melout a coffin?” There is no people among whom the rites of se

drum Family. (Continued.)-Memoir of Anna Cora Mowatt. pulture were more highly thought of than the Irish peasantry. In the villages of Lurgevierd and Fallmore I saw an infinity of the French of M. de Cormenin. By GoodwYN BARMBY—Son.

By Mary HOWITT. (Concluded.)-Lamartine, translated from the sorest distress—such as no pen could paint. If all the net on the Third French Revolution. By EBENEZER ELLI01Tfunds remaining in the hands of the Friends' Relief Committee were employed in fully feeding the population of the barony of A Word in Season. By E. W.-Scene near the Hotel des Inva

lides in Paris. By WILLIAM KENNEDY-Literary Notice : MeErris alone, to the exclusion of the claims of the rest of Ireland,

dical Reform. By W. SIMPSON, Esq., Surgeon-Record. I don't believe they would last a month. It is a matter of ex. cessive difficulty to support an enormous, helpless, unproductive, semi-civilized, population like that which, in the midst PRINTkd for the proprietor by WILLIAM LOVETT, of 16, South of the greatest physical and moral destitution, swarms on the Row, New Road, in the Parish of St. Pancras, County of western coast of Ireland. The Friends' Association leaving Middlesex, and published by him at 171, (corner of Surrey this to be effected, as best it may, by the superior means of the Street,) Strand, in the Parish of St. Clement Danes,

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