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counsel and the presence of temptation. Amongst other governors who supported the measure was Mr. Joshua Watson, a very sincere friend of the institution, and one of its oldest governors. The proposed building is to consist of a large dining-room, as well as bed-rooms.

middle school will be taught Latin, and all such branches as may be required to fit young men for commerce or trade. Terms, ten guineas. The course in the lower school will embrace all the various requisites of a sound general religious education. Terms, three guineas. The exercises of these schools will be commenced and terminated with prayer, at which the attendance of every pupil will be required; and the reading and exposition of the Holy Scriptures will form a portion of the daily business. There will also be an evening school for the improvement of young men in the mechanical arts connected with their several employments.

Books for the Blind. - The London Society for teaching the blind to read, having tried Lucas's system nearly four years, is taking measures for its general adoption throughout the country.

Grammar School, Preston in Lancashire. This school has been lately rebuilt in the best and most healthy part of the town, and furnished with every requisite in an elegant and commodious manner at the expense of a few gentlemen in the neighbourhood. Mechanical and architectural drawing is taught as part of the system.

The Model Prison.—We are glad to find that provision is made for the education of the prisoners. There are two chaplains, whose duties will be entirely confined to the convicts, who will be required to attend divine service daily; the chapel is of a very singular construction, and so arranged that they cannot observe each other. Religious books, at the discretion of the chaplain, will be supplied to each cell. Secular instruction in various trades, among which may be mentioned shoemaking and weaying, will be given daily by the schoolmasters, of whom it is intended to appoint one for every hundred prisoners.

Boarding-house for Medical Students. -A meeting of the Governors of St. Bartholomew's Hospital was held lately, for the consideration of a report from the Treasurer and Almoners, recommend ing the appropriation of six houses, the property of the Hospital, and situate in its immediate neighbourhood, for the formation of an establishment for the accommodation of a certain number of the pupils. The report, which was a very interesting one, detailed the advantages likely to arise from providing accommodation, more particularly for pupils coming from distant places to make their way in the world by studious application to the great school of experience in the Hospital. It stated, that in many instances young men of great promise had been led into habits fatal to their education, character, and prospects in life, and destructive of their moral sense, by taking their chance in houses of which they knew nothing, remote from the protection of parents or friends; and it feelingly described the consequences of such exposure. In such an establishment as that proposed, the young men would be watched over by the authorities of the Hospital, who would prevent, by their advice and assistance to the inexperienced, a vast deal of the mischief which daily arose from the want of good

Bombay. Clerical Superintendent Wanted. The Bishop of Bombay has commissioned the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel to recommend a clergyman who may be willing to undertake the duty of superintending a school for the children of Europeans. The number of boys at present is about 130, chiefly the sons of soldiers. The Rev. G. Pigott, secretary to the Education Board, writes thus :-“I cannot say too much of the importance of the institution, even in a missionary point of view. The whole of these children are placed out in life in this country, and are brought into hourly contact with natives, much more than the higher class of Europeans. A large number enter government service. Some become serjeant-majors of the native corps, conductors, writers, engineers, overseers of publicworks, stationed often far away in the jungle, or travelling as clerks to the collectors through these districts.” The emoluments of the situation are about 1801. a year, together with apartments and medical advice.

College at Sydney, New South Wales. -" During the past week I have had a gratifying opportunity of accompanying my highly-valued friend and brother, the Bishop of New Zealand, to Liverpool, and of there explaining to him upon the the spot, my views as to the fulfilment of the design of good old Mr. Moore, conjointly with those of the Society, and of other friends to the cause of sound learning and religious education. His Lordship, whose great experience in such matters deservedly adds weight to his decision, expresses himself much in fa vour of the proposed situation of the college, and quite enters into my opinion that there is an extent of ground provided for the erection of a pile of buildings amply sufficient for the purposes of a collegiate establishment in this colony for probably a century to come. This will have been rendered manifest to the SOCIETY, I trust, by the ground plan of the property which I caused to be prepared and forwarded to you last year.”— Extract of a Letter from the Lord Bishop of Australia, to the S. P. C.K.

the mind of a native any idea of spiritual existence; they have not the slightest notion of a future state, nor is there a word in their entire vocabulary to express a spiritual overruling power. We first endeavour to teach the children the English language, at the same time amusing them with the letters of the alphabet, &c. Their memory is surprisingly quick, but they have not long retention; the knowledge they have acquired must be kept daily before them. Several of the little students spell dissyllables pretty correctly, and repeat the Lord's Prayer and the Evening Hymn; but as yet they do not understand what they learn by heart: but the Lord, who has opened their mouth, will, in His own good time, open their hearts to pray with the spirit and with the understanding also.”......" The native school is still in existence; but owing to the want of co-operation on the part of the people, and the inability of the local government to afford further support, we have been obliged to fold our arms around the few we at first received, whilst numbers around us are being brought up in the irreclaimable habits of their wretched fathers. The government have given 251. a year to the schoolmaster and guardian, together with a pound of bread each child a day. We have eleven children receiving instruction, and Mr. Browne assists me in giving the children a fish or a piece of coarse meat occasionally, and sugar to mix with water, as a substitute for 'white man's tea.'"-Extract of a Letter from the Rev. G. King.

Grammar School at Newcastle in Australia.-" There is another branch of my design for the extension of education, on which I shall, within a very short time, I trust, be enabled to forward to you a communication of a satisfactory nature, namely, concerning the property purchased at Newcastle to be the site of a seminary of a superior character, for the benefit of the Northern division of the colony. Towards that purchase I agreed to advance from the Society's grant, the sum of 500l.; on the same understand ing as in Sydney, that the amount should be gradually repaid, and appropriated finally towards the erection or endowment of a college. The deed of trust for the land is not yet completed, or it should have been forwarded to you by the present conveyance. But I am assured by my respected friend and constant supporter, Mr. Justice Burton, that it is in a forward state of preparation; and with the copy of it, which shall be sent to you, I purpose to transmit a Report which I have obtained on the worth of the land itself; which will prove that the purchase was a highly advantageous one, and may at no distant period supply the means of essentially serving the cause on behalf of which the SOCIETY has made so noble an exertion.-Ibid.

APPOINTMENTS. Esther, Rev. C., Master of Kirkby Ra. vensworth School.

Garvey, Rev. Rich., Principal of Proprietary School, Wakefield.

Hill, Rev. Herbert, Head-master of Warwick Free Grammar School.

Watkins, Mr. R., Master of Sir G. Monox's Grammar School, Walthamstow.

Whiston, Rev. R., Head-master of the Cathedral School at Rochester.

DEATHS. Andrews, Rev. G., Head-master of Grantham Grammar School.

Griffith, Rev. Evan, Head-master of Swansea Grammar School.

Sleath, Rev. W. Boultbee, D.D. Headmaster of Repton School.

Schoolkeeping in Western Australia. “I find it vain to attempt to convey to

A FEW WORDS TO SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHERS.

AMONG the various remarks upon our first number with which we have been favoured by friends and correspondents, the only one that has greatly disappointed or surprised us—and certainly we were not at all prepared to expect such an objection-was, that it contained nothing for Sunday School Teachers. “Strange indeed, if true,” was the immediate reply, “for no class of persons has been more in our thoughts in all that we have hitherto had to do with the Journal.” The mystery, however, was cleared up the next moment by the rejoinder of our friend, that he had scarcely observed the name of Sunday School Teacher, except upon the title page. Now, as it is by no means improbable that others may have formed the same judgment of us, and upon the same grounds, we take the earliest opportunity (just observing, as we pass on, if we may do so without irreverence, that the same argument would go to prove that the Holy Bible does not teach the doctrine of the Trinity, nor the Book of Esther the being of a God,) of stating, in few words, why we regard Sunday School Teachers with peculiar interest, and how the ENGLISH JOURNAL OF EDUCATION is intended to be of service to them.

There is no point upon which we are more anxious, than that education should always be a living thing—the bringing out, or bringing up, of a man; that the formation of character and habits should be regarded as the chief end, in every department of the work; that training, not teaching, should be the grand aim throughout. It is on this account that we object to the substitution of the modern term,“ training,” not being willing to acknowledge that the thing is new, or to take a part, even the best part, for the whole. The danger perhaps is, that our readers may be wearied by the repetition of these truisms; our principles, as mammas say of little children, “ should be seen and not heard.” At all events it is not necessary to dwell upon the point in addressing Sunday School Teachers. Their teaching is chiefly meant as training : they recognise practically the great principle so happily set forth the other day by Mr. Gladstone in his inaugural address at Liverpool :

- " That, although it is important to supply every man with the means of honourable pursuit of his earthly calling, yet that the paramount purpose of education is not so much to supply a man with tools and instruments whereby he may fashion all things to his pleasure, as to fashion and mould man himself; so to act upon and form his mind, so to cherish the seed of life eternal, that he may be con. scious of the utter ruin of his condition, that he may not bind his view to temporary and perishable objects, but that, recognising that which was the state of his first parents before their fall, he may constantly bear in mind, that to recover that state is the great end of his being upon earth; and to make him feel, that, whatever may be his position and his lot, whatever is about him and pertaining to him, constitutes part of the wonderful discipline devised by Divine wisdom for the renovation of human nature.”

Such being the very aim of Sunday School Teachers, in volunteering to devote a considerable portion of the weekly festival to the instruction of the children of their poorer neighbours, we cannot but regard them with affectionate interest as fellow-labourers in the good cause to which

VOL. I., NO. 2. FEBRUARY, 1843.

this Journal is devoted ; and our strong feeling that the Sunday school would be but a poor substitute for the week-day school, rather increases than diminishes this interest, since in many instances the former is the only chance of education within the poor child's reach. Most happy, therefore, shall we be, if our pages should be found a comfort and a help to them in their important and self-denying exertions; and we are not without hope, that this may be the case, and perhaps to the best purpose where little or no allusion is made to Sunday schools in particular. Certainly, we shall not aim at getting into their good graces by idle flattery, or gossiping news, or doctrinal essays, or controversial excitement, or preaching addresses, or indeed by speaking of them or to them in any way as an isolated class of educators. Nevertheless, we do expect to be of service to them; and, we repeat it, the more so in proportion as we treat them as fellow-labourers with others, and particularly with the Clergy, in the work of “sound learning and religious education.” And this we hope to do in a manner that will at the same time supply the greatest, though not perhaps the most strongly felt defect in their whole system.

There can be no doubt, that they generally bring to their work a considerable portion of religious feeling; and their zeal is sufficiently proved by their disinterestedness. And though they often complain themselves of their want of knowledge, yet, if we may judge of the teacher's information from the progress of the pupils, (for it is surprising how much the children often learn, considering the shortness of the time they are actually under instruction, and that only one day in the week, Sunday School Teachers are not much hindered in their work by any defect of this sort; indeed the amount of information required is but small. The only considerable drawback to their success, humanly speaking, (how far they look up in faith to Him who alone can prosper their undertaking, must be left to each man's conscience to determine,) seems to arise from their small acquaintance with the general principles of education; with the practical art of governing children in classes ; with the most effectual methods of keeping up the attention of numbers, and of teaching as applicable to all subjects; with the art of rapid and varied questioning: and, in short, with what we may term the professional part of schoolkeeping. It is lamentable to see what liberties, so to speak, many a little urchin takes with his teacher, even in Church, and how much trouble and annoyance he gives him in a hundred ways, not one of which would he ever think of with a well-trained master. The latter, too, finds far less difficulty in keeping up the most lively attention in a class of fifty, than the former often does with a tenth of the number. Now it is in these ways, especially, that we hope to make this Journal of service to those lay-helpers to the Clergy in our populous parishes, but for whose diligence and self-denial many a poor child would grow up in utter ignorance of Him whom to know is life eternal. There is in the world a vast fund of what we have ventured to term professional knowledge in educational matters, which has never yet, to any extent worth mentioning, been brought to bear upon our Sunday schools. Our readers will not misunderstand us, as if we were about to propose any new system : nothing is farther from our thoughts. We had almost said, the less of system in a Sunday school the better; but there we should have justly laid ourselves open to misconception. We will say, however, that the Sunday school should be as unlike the dayschool as possible. Still, in a thousand ways the experience of those who have devoted their lives, whether professionally or otherwise, to the improvement of education, at home or abroad, may be turned to the account of Sunday School Teachers in the remotest corner of our land ; it may be made to increase their success as much as it lightens their toil. Of course, much of this will apply to parents and private teachers, whom we shall often be thinking of most, when we name them least. In point of fact, the principles of education, and the arts of governing children, and of unfolding their minds, and of training them to good habits, are one and the same-in the family or in the school-room; on the week-day or on the Sunday; whether the pupils be of high or of low degree; and whether they be instructed singly or by hundreds. And every one practically engaged in the work, especially Sunday School Teachers whose object is so completely identified with our own, will find, that by studying the whole question, and making themselves acquainted with the labours and writings of the most distinguished educationists, they will advance with more ease and pleasure, as well as with more success, in what we trust is their grand aim as well as ours, namely, to make the school a nursery for the Church.

ON ATTACHING THE MIDDLE AND LOWER

ORDERS TO THE CHURCH. GRAMMAR SCHOOLSTHE ANCIENT MEANS OF EFFECTING TIIS.

My Dear Sir, I send you a few lines on one of the problems which is now engaging the attention of earnest-minded men, and which may, I hope, be appropriately treated of in your Magazine. The problem I mean, is how to raise feelings of affection and sympathy towards the Church in the minds of her humbler members, and thus to enlist in her direct service those intellectual and moral gifts, which are bestowed as largely on the poor as on the rich.

The great and rapid improvement of the character of the Clergy, the powerful way in which this is operating on the country at large, and the increasing respect daily accruing to the sacred profession, is indeed most cheering. We have all read or heard of the state of things during the last century, when the entrance of young men of high worldly rank or connexions into the Church was limited to cases where, through the means of family patronage, or some such channel, the certain and imme. diate prospect of a secular provision was open to them; but the clergy, as a body, were considered an inferior caste, and not unfrequently finding their access to the houses of the aristocracy limited to the housekeeper's room, were led, from choice or necessity, to consort chiefly with the farmers of their own parish. This state of things, except perhaps in one or two remote corners of the North of England, has become a

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