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abstain from any further expression of their feelings on the occasion. And to the members of the society, who must share in these feelings, they earnestly recommend the same forbearance in expressing them.
o Under these circumstances, the undersigned deem it to be their duty to call upon the friends of the Church Education Society to continue to use their best exertions to raise funds, by means of voluntary contributions, for the support of the numerous, useful, and well-regulated schools in connexion with the society-being persuaded that the maintenance of those schools is of essential service to the interests of true religion in Ireland.
66 While thus earnestly pressing upon the members of the society the importance of exerting themselves with unabated zeal to support its schools, the undersigned are anxious to express their trust'-as in the year 1832 it has been already expressed by them and by their predecessors in the episcopal office, on the occasion of the first establishment of the plan of national education that in withholding their concurrence from this system they will not be suspected of perverse opposition to the Government, in its endeavours to promote general instruction, and to heal the wounds occasioned by party and religious distinctions.'
"The undersigned are desirous now, as formerly, to give just credit to the intentions of Her Majesty's Government, in supporting the plan of National Education, although the resolution adopted on the part of her Majesty's Ministers will make it needful to persevere, in a temperate but not on this account less effectual, appeal to the friends of the Church Education Society to keep up its schools. At a time, therefore, when increased efforts to make known the claims of the Society throughout the country are rendered more necessary than ever, the undersigned wish to convey to all who are to be engaged in the discharge of this duty, their decided judgment that their advocacy of the society will be most in harmony with its principles and character, and will best promote its true interests when it is founded upon the objects of the Society and its necessities, without drawing aid from any of the exciting or irritating topics which the disappointment of the friends of the Society might suggest.
“ With this recommendation, the undersigned willingly leave it to the general committee, and the several diocesan societies, to take such measures as they may deem best calculated to advance the interest of the society; and they cannot but hope, that when the claims and wants of the society are thus calmly and dispassionately brought forward, under circumstances which make it entirely dependent upon the voluntary subscriptions of the members of the church, it will receive a measure of support more commensurate with the great work that it has to carry on, than it has hitherto obtained. But with whatever degree of success it may seem good to Almighty God that their efforts should be attended, the undersigned, and those whom they address through you, will still enjoy the happy assurance that they are acting according to His will in persevering steadily in their labours to maintain the honour of His holy word, and to train the children committed to their care in the principles of the church to which it is their privilege to belong.
" John G. ARMAGH,
DISPOSAL OF PARLIAMENTARY GRANT. — Of the sum entrusted to the Committee of Council during the last year, 27,6551. was assigned to the various applicants, and accepted by them, chiefly in aid of buildings which they proposed to erect. Of this sum, 1501. went to a Roman Catholic school; 1,1701. to schools connected with the British and Foreign Society; 9801. to schools in Scotland; and 25,3551. to schools connected with the Established Church. The large proportion of the total sum assigned, which thus appears to have been placed at the disposal of the Church, is a proof of the exertions now in progress among her members in this direction, and of the large amount of local contribution (much more than double that of the sum assigned from the public grant), which have been called forth towards the erection of new buildings for school purposes.- Journal of the Statistical Society for November. ON THE MORAL CONDITION OF THE WORKING CLASSES IN ST. GEORGE's, HANOVER SQUARE.-At the last meeting of the Statistical Society a paper was read by Mr. C.R. Weld, “On the Moral and Physical Condition of the Working Classes in the Inner Ward of the Parish of St. George, Hanover square.” The inquiry was originated by Lord Sandon, vice-president of the society, and conducted at his Lordship's expense, under the direction of Mr. Weld, who selected a trust-worthy agent to visit the classes under consideration. The portion of the parish chosen for the inquiry is bounded on the north by Oxford-street, on the south by Piccadilly, on the east by Regent-street, and on the west by Park-lane. The population of the parish was, according to the late census, 66,433. The number of houses visited was 690, and the number of families 1,465, which consisted of 2,804 children, 220 of whom were ill, 2,980 adults, and 161 aged and infirm persons; in all, 5,245 individuals. The greater part of the parish being occupied by the houses of the higher classes and of opulent tradesmen, this portion of the metropolis does not offer so wide a field for inquiry into the state of the working classes as most others; the latter are placed in a peculiar position, by their proximity to so large a number of their superiors in fortune.
The following particulars we have selected from the report in the Athenæum, as having an immediate bearing upon the design of our Magazine.
“ The moral condition of the families, as represented by a return of religious books found in their dwellings, is far superior to that of the working classes in Westminster. In St. George's parish 999 families were found to possess a Bible, Testament, and Prayer-book; 50 a Bible and Prayer-book; 48 a Testament and Prayer-book; 92 a Bible; 48 a Testament, and 62 a Prayer-book; forming a total of 1,299 families possessing religious books; 166 did not possess any religious books. The religious professions of the families were as follows:- Church of England, 1,233; Roman Catholics, 77; Dissenters of other denominations, 124; no religious profession, 19; 1,360 families were in the habit of attending public worship, and 939 stated that they did not attend. In Westminster only one-half of the families visited attended public worship. 640 children attended day-schools; 519, Sunday-schools; and 449, infantschools, making a total of 1,608 attending schools; 1,196 children did not attend school; but of these 220 were too young to receive any education, and 31 were instructed by their parents. The weekly payments of the children attending schools were as follows: Id., and not exceeding 3d. a week, 216; 3d., and not exceeding 6d., 151; 6d., and not exceeding 9d., 30; 9d., and not exceeding 1s., 44; Is., and not exceeding Is. 6d., 54; Is. 6d., and not exceeding 3s., 18; making a total of 514 children paying for schooling, and 1,094 children did not pay any sum. The newspapers read by the different families were as follows: The Times read by 57 families ; Chronicle, 14; Morning Herald, ll; Morning Post, 9; Morning Advertiser, 83; Weekly Dispatch, 283; Sunday Times, 79; Bell's Life in London, 23; miscellaneous, 56; the Northern Star was read by one family. In all there were 616 families reading newspapers, and 883 not reading newspapers ; 84 rooms possessed pictures of a serious and religious nature; 56 theatrical and amatory; 768 miscellaneous, and 1,266 rooms were without any pictures.”
Church Education Society in Ireland.It is almost needless to remind the public, that of late years, not only have parliamentary grants been withdrawn from all Societies based upon Scriptural principles, but these grants have been applied to further a system of education essentially defective, or seriously objectionable. Under these circumstances, the population of the country being exposed to the evils consequent upon the absence of any provision for sound religious education, the Church felt herself called upon to put forth her best energies in this important cause, and to assert her legitimate right to be the guardian of the education of the people. The result has been the formation of the Church Edu. cation Society for Ireland, with the cordial sanction of the Lord Primate and a large majority of the Episcopal Bench.
The foundation of the system of the Society is, instruction in the Holy Scriptures, which, it provides, shall be taught daily to all children capable of reading them; and no teachers shall be appointed but members of the Church of England; and no interference allowed with the direction and control of the Parochial Clergyman. To him is also left the arrangement of the time and manner in which particular instruction in the formularies of the Church shall be given. While the most complete system of education is thus established, with especial reference to the wants of the children of the Church, the Society is desirous of extending its benefits to the children of other denominations. The primary object being to secure suitable instruction for the former, no modification can be allowed that would interfere with having it fully provided for them. But, this being attained, the Society is anxious that the latter should share, as much as possible, in the same advantages. It, therefore, invites all children to its schools ; and imposes no other condition, as to their religious education, upon the children of Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, and other dissenting parents, than requiring them to learn the Scriptures in the manner, and under the regulations that have been mentioned, without the catechism or the formularies of the Church.
To carry out the important ends above stated-1. The Society has connected
itself with all the Diocesan Societies at present existing in the country, and desires to promote the formation of others where none have been yet established. In connexion with these Societies are 1,189 Schools, and the number of pupils attending is 68,214, of whom 20,544 are Roman Catholics, 2,096 Dissenters, and 45,574 members of the Established Church. 2. With a view to improve the qualifications of teachers, by a suitable training, a Model and Training School has been established in Dublin. 3. Model Schools have been formed in connexion with the several Diocesan Societies in Ireland. 4. A large supply of books and school requisites has been obtained, and a depository for the sale of them opened at the Society's Office in Dublin. During the past year the supply has been greatly increased, and the selection of the books improved. The Society is deeply indebted to the venerable Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, for the munificent aid it has, upon various occasions, given to this department. 5. The Society has commenced a system of inspection of its Schools throughout the country, and is happy to have secured the valuable services of Messrs. Lewis Mills and Henry Wm. Purdon.
Government Scheme in Ireland. The National Board has been obliged to cease extending its schools, the funds allocated for that purpose by act of Parliament being exhausted. It is a curious fact, that whilst Munster has but 482 schools in connexion with the board, Connaught but 208, and Leinster 642, Ulster, where the opposition to the system was considered to be strongest, has 1,005. The number of schools altogether amount to 2,337.
Church Schoolmasters' Association.Patron, The Lord Bishop of London.Between three and four years ago, about half a dozen of the Metropolitan Church Schoolmasters agreed to meet periodically at the house of one of their number, for the purpose of mutual improvement; each undertaking to read in his turn an original paper on some topic connected with schoolkeeping, which was to be followed up by a friendly discussion. They soon began to form classes for instruction in various branches of useful knowledge; the main design, however, being mutual support and brotherly counsel. “In this Society," it was said in an early prospectus, "the older masters may give the younger the benefit of their experience; and in return be stimulated by the zeal and energy of those, who, with all the freshness and ardour of novelty, are just entering upon their difficult though in. teresting course; and all may learn to think more deeply of their responsibility, and to provoke one another to love and good works.'”
The numbers have since gradually increased to above one hundred and fifty, and the Association has assumed a more definite form, having now a regular code of laws, and a full staff of officers. It has
National Society, and the London Diocesan Board, and of several of the most distinguished friends of “sound learning and religious education.”
Any gentleman wishing to join the Association, or to contribute towards its support, may learn further particulars by addressing, either the Rev. G. Moody, Gilston Rectory, near Harlow; or Mr. WINFIELD, Secretary, Church Schoolmasters' Association, Exeter Street, Strand. .
Lichfield Training and Commercial School. The annual examination of the pupils took place on Friday, December 16th. This school is of a mixed character, containing twelve pupils who are training to be masters, and about forty
home, containing a room large enough to seat 200 persons. The scheme, as now enlarged, comprises, among other advan. tages, the following:
1. A Monthly Conference according to the original design, begun and ended with prayer, and presided over by a clergyman.
2. A Reading Room with a small but increasing Library, consisting chiefly, but by no means exclusively, of educational works.
3. A Monthly Meeting of the Committee, for the general management of the affairs of the Society. The Committee consists, in addition to the President, Treasurer, Secretary, and Librarian, of twelve Members, ap. pointed at the Annual Meeting, and eligible for re-election.
4. Occasional Lectures, or Series of Lectures, of which there have been several of great value, that would have done honour to societies of much higher pretensions.
5. Regular Classes for Instruction, designed to serve the double purpose, of increasing the members' stock of knowledge, and of improving them in the art of teaching. In these classes stress is laid upon written exercises, and other methods of testing individual progress.
6. Small District Associations, subserving the various designs mentioned above. In some of these Associations, e. g., those connected with the Language Class, a leader is appointed, who hands in a monthly report to the President.
The Society has been honoured with the approbation and assistance of the
They are all educated together, under the superintendence of the Rev. J. Dainty ; the principal difference being, that those intended for masters are sent in rotation to teach at the National School. Several young men have been already sent out, as masters or assistants, to diferent parts of the diocese.
The examination was conducted by the Dean of Lichfield, and was highly creditable both to the master and scholars. Two classes were formed for examination in the doctrines of the Church, Scripture history, and the Prayer-book. Afterwards, the Latin class was examined in the two first books of Virgil's Æneid, the second class in Ovid's Fasti, the third in Phædrus, and the fourth in Delectus. These, as well as the historical and geographical classes, had got up their subjects very well. About twelve boys, and these chiefly the training pupils, went through some of the problems in Euclid with great accuracy. On the whole, the boys exhibited a degree of intelligence, unaccompanied by any pertness or flippancy, which spoke well both for their intellectual and moral training. The walls were hung about with maps, plans, and drawings, by the pupils, which evinced their industry and dexterity.
The institution, though yet in its infancy, promises to be of the greatest value to the diocese, by sending out a continual supply of well qualified and right principled masters to undertake the superintendence of the various parochial and commercial schools. Its importance is scarcely yet duly estimated, or, instead of only twelve training pupils, there would be from twenty to thirty. It is particularly requested, that the clergy and masters of schools will recommend clever boys in their respective parishes or schools. Particulars may be had, by applying to the Secretary, the Rev. W. GRESLEY, Lichfield, or to the head-master, the Rev. J.Dainty. The charge for board and lodging is £25 per annum at the head-master's house; and £15 per annum at the second master's. There are also three exhibitions of £10 each, given by Lord Harrowby and Lord Sandon.
Lincoln Diocesan Board.—The Diocesan School is now full, as far as boarders are concerned ; the house containing 40, the number for which it is calculated. The day-boys have increased to 35; so that altogether the attendance amounts to 75. A third master has just been appointed. We regret to say, that the training school has yet made little progress. This is, however, too easily accounted for in the report which has just appeared. “So long as the pay of the village schoolmaster is less than that of the labourer, and such it is in most of the villages in this diocese, so long we cannot reasonably hope that parents will educate their children for teachers.”
aware how utterly insufficient the religious instruction of the Sunday must be, even in an intellectual point of view, when compared with the more engrossing topics which for six days occupy their attention. In consequence of this, the local board have communicated with the masters of all the schools in Portsmouth and Portsea, to ascertain if they were willing to adopt the Church of England system of instruction. In default of this, it has been deemed essential to found a new Middle School in the borough. The principal of the school, Mr. Andrews, has been one of Dr. Burney's assistants, and besides the ordinary branches of education, is fully competent to instruct youths in navigation (practically), and to prepare them for the Royal Military Colleges, &c. All the clergy of the two parishes approve of the school, and it will be under their immediate supervision. Terms, by the year :-Boarders, 28 guineas; Day Scholars, 6 guineas; Washing, 15s.
Salisbury Diocesan Board.--Ata meeting of the Standing Committee, held December 17th, in the Board-room in the Close, it was determined to provide Wareham and Blandford with specimens of the new school apparatus adopted by the Christian Knowledge Society. Specimens will be kept at Sarum, Devizes, Dorchester, Wareham, and Blandford, that the Clergy of the Diocese may see the improvements made in this very important branch of school business, and also ascertain the prices for which they may be purchased.
Worcester Diocesan Training and Commercial School.-On Monday week the exhibitioners connected with the Training School, and the pupils of the Commercial School, under the tuition of the Rev. George Elton, S.C.L., of Caius College, Cambridge, were examined in Scripture history, chronology, Church history, English history, ancient and modern history, geography, and the classics. They underwent a long and thorough examination, and exhibited considerable proficiency, some of them, indeed, answering questions which would, for the moment, have puzzled many much older students. Prizes were distributed by the Lord Bishop of the diocese in the chapter room of the cathedral, in the presence of many of the cathedral and city clergy.
Portsmouth. - The Winchester Diocesan Board of Education have recently directed their attention to the state of religious education in this town and neighbourhood, for the children of the middle classes. With the exception of Portsmouth Grammar School, St. Paul's, St. George's, Mr. Frost's, Mr. Prince's, and Mr.Bradley's Schools, there are none professing to give a Church of England education, while some of the masters openly avow, that they give no religious instruction whatever; they deem the matter quite foreign to their particular duty. Those, however, who are at all accustomed to children, are
Liverpool Collegiate Institution.—Pa. tron, The Right Hon. Lord Stanley, M.P.; Visitor, the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Chester.—The Rev. W. J. Conybeare, M. A., has been appointed principal, and the schools will be opened immediately after the Christmas vacation. The course of education in the upper school will include the usual instruction in a grammar school; the modern languages, Hebrew, drawing, and music, will be taught to all who require them. Terms, per annum, payable quarterly in advance, twenty guineas. In the