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the forms are arranged in parallel rows in the place occupied on Sun. days by the third and fourth classes of the girls; but the highest forms are placed next the table, and the lowest next the wall. All the children who like it are allowed to go. Those who choose to stay are arranged according to their heights. A large map of England, which hangs against the wall, is let down, and the children are taught by the mistress the Geography and History of England, while they are plaiting or working at the needle till 1, when they are dismissed.
At 2 they assemble again. The forms are placed as for the infants in the morning; but higher forms are placed behind the lower so as to have three rows of forms, except where the table prevents it. The children are placed according to their heights. The second teacher sits on a stool with her back to the wall, and gives a lesson on objects from Miss Mavor's book, and a box of objects to illustrate it; the mistress being employed in placing the children as they come in, and keeping order. At half-past 2 they are formed into classes in the same way as at 11 in the morning, the boys being employed in setting down their sums or writing copies; the first teacher having time to improve herself in needle-work, the fourth class read to the second teacher the first book, and the fifth class being instructed in Reading Disentangled by the third teacher.
At 3 the fourth and fifth classes are united as in the morning at halfpast 10, and again instructed by the third teacher in the Infant's Help. The third class read the second book to the second teacher, who questions them on it, and illustrates it with a map where it is required. The first and second classes of boys and second class of girls read Stillingfleet's Explanation of the Catechism to the first teacher, the mistress being employed in keeping order. At half-past 3 the infants are allowed to play, the elder children who are not in the first class are set to needle work, plaiting, or writing at the desk on slates; and, after ten minutes relaxation, the first class, including the teachers, read the New Testament to the mistress, who uses Phillipps' Questions, and a map hung up by the side of her. At a quarter past 4, or as soon after as the subject admits, the class is dismissed, and the forms arranged as at 2, the whole school is seated on them, and one of the Scripture Prints, published by Roake and Varty, is hung against the wall, and the mistress questions the whole school on it, according to Miss Mavor's Model Lessons. The first and second teachers write down the questions on slates, which are afterwards corrected if necessary. All the rest being employed in needle-work or plaiting, except a few boys whose parents do not wish them to plait. After the subject of the Print has been illustrated by questions, the children repeat the verses upon it from the dictation of the mistress, until about 5 minutes to 5 when prayers are read by one of the teachers. The attendance is marked in the afternoon as well as in the morning.
The same order is observed on Tuesday, except that needle-work is substituted for the plaiting of the girls, and the Scripture Print is substituted for the lesson on Geography and History, and the first and second teachers by turns take the place of their mistress, who is engaged in attending to the needle-work. On Wednesday the employment is
the same as on Monday, except Natural History or Botany is substituted for Geography and History of England in the morning, and the children arranged as for the Scripture Print, instead of which coloured prints of animals or vegetables are exhibited.
In the afternoon the children are divided into two classes at a quarter past 4; the first is instructed in Russell's English Grammar by the mistress; the second in the subject of the Scripture Print, and the meaning of the verses by the first or second teacher, which is continued through the week. In other respects the instruction on Thursday is the same as on Monday, and on Friday as on Wednesday. On Saturday there is school in the morning, and in the afternoon the school is cleaned by the mistress and three teachers, who also sweep it every day. The first and second teachers, after they have written the Collect, Epistle, and Gospel of the preceding Sunday, write the verses on the subject of the print, which they learn by teaching it to the other children on the succeeding days of the week, instead of the Religious Primer, which the children by constant repetition know. If they have any spare time they write from the Scripture copies.
Yours faithfully, Ickleford Rectory, near Hitchin.
J. W. THIRLWALL.
The Editor's Portfolio.
THE CHURCH AND THE SCHOOL IN THEIR RECIPROCAL BEARING. The advantages resulting from this grant of the Society (For Promoting the Employment of Additional Curates,] now solicited to be renewed, are peculiar, and appear to be important. Through the medium of a large body of children (above 900) chiefly employed in manufacture on the week-days, the influence of the Church, and the benefits of her scriptural liturgy and ministry, are promoted in an important and effective manner-at once among the children themselves, and indirectly in part, and directly by the visits of the Curate at their houses, to the parents also. One decided advantage has been gained, and will continue to be gained, amongst a continually changing set of children in the large and important Sunday schools of this parish church, namely, a distinctive Church character to the system of education of these schools. Heretofore, whatever was done of a sacred character was of a necessity left to the lay superintendents ; now the Curate, at the proper times, is in his place, as the spiritual instructor and minister of both children and teachers. Besides, the uncharacteristic system of instruction, which used to be too prevalent, has now become characteristic, in every way, of a Church education. And this advantage in a parish where the Church has heretofore been very low in influence and wretchedly deficient in the means (by reason of the fewness of the Clergy and schools) of competing with the power and extent of dissent,—where probably four-fifths, or more, of the manufacturers or spinners are dissenters is of no small consideration.—Letter to the Secretary in Last Report.
A HINT TO TEACHERS. Quintilian, writing of perspicuity in a speaker, sbserves, “ By it care is to be taken, not that the hearer may understand if he will, but that he must understand whether he will or not.”
EDUCATION BETTER THAN LAWS. If any check can be given to the Corruption of a State, increasing in Riches and declining in Morals, it must be given, not by Laws enacted to alter the inveterate habits of men, but by Education adapted to form the hearts of children to a proper sense of moral and religious excellence.—Dr. Watson, late Bishop of Landaff:
HAYDN'S CHILDHOOD. The father of this great man was a wheelwright, in a sequestered Austrian village; and exercised besides, the functions of sexton and organist to the village church. “He had a fine tenor voice, was fond of his organ, and of music in general. On one of those journeys, which the artizans of Germany often undertake, being at Frankfort-on-the-Maine, he learned to play a little on the harp; and on holydays, after church, he used to take his instrument while his wife sang. The birth of Joseph did not alter the habits of this peaceful family. The little domestic concerts came round every week; and the child, standing before his parents with two pieces of wood in his hands, one of which served him as a violin, and the other as a bow, constantly accompanied his mother's voice. Haydn, when loaded with years and with glory, often recalled the simple airs which he had sung—so deep and indelible an impression had those first melodies made on his soul.” It would not be difficult to find, in Yorkshire, such families as those of the good wheelwright, and such domestic concerts as those which awoke the genius of his illustrious son. Out of some family of this sort, too, an English Haydn might have sprung, were a musical education as generally accessible in England as it is in Germany.-G. Hogarth.
ÆOLIAN PITCH PIPE. This instrument, which has lately been brought into use, is a little metal tube, about an inch and a half long, and weighing a quarter of an ounce, which, with its morocco case, can be carried in a corner of the waistcoat pocket. When gently blown into, it produces the note to which it is pitched (for they are made of slightly different sizes, producing the notes G or A or C) in a sweet vocal tone, which can be sustained as long as requisite, forming a guide to the most unpractised ear.
A CHILD's ANSWER.
Two names of higher note," Father” and “ Heaven.” [From “ CHURCH Poetry,” an excellent little volume worthy of the title, just pub. lished by Burns.-ED).
À CHILD'S EVENING PRAYER.
By Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The following simple and beautiful lines were composed by the great poet above named, for the use of his daughter when a child. A very little ingenuity will be sufficient to make such alterations as may be necessary to suit the prayer to the circumstances of every fire-side.
Ere on my bed my limbs I lay,
Training Schools—Rules and Regulations.
WINCHESTER TRAINING SCHOOL FOR SCHOOLMASTERS. I. The Training School is founded upon the Cathedral Chorister School, which consists of day scholars.
II. The training scholars board and lodge in the house of the principal, the Rev. D. I. Waugh, M.A., who superintends and directs the management of the whole school.
III. The charge for every training scholar is £23 for his board, including washing instruction and lodging being gratuitous), to be paid on the quarter days in advance.
IV. Ten exhibitions of £10 a year each have been founded in the trainingschool, and are tenable for a term not exceeding three years.
V. Every training scholar must produce, before he can be admitted into the establishment, his certificate of baptism, and of good character and conduct from his late schoolmaster, or the clergyman of his parish.
VI. In addition to the above certificates, every candidate for an exhibition must produce—.
1. A recommendation from some Local Board, or member of the Diocesan Board, certifying his fitness for training, the inability of his friends to undertake the whole expense without aid from the Board, and giving a guarantee for payment of the remaining £14.
2. A written statement, signed by the parent or guardian of the boy, the persons recommending him, and the boy himself, that in the event of his obtaining an exhibition) it is intended that he shall pursue the profession of a schoolmaster within the diocese.
VII. No one will be eligible to an exhibition, unless he shall have attained the age of 15, and be able to read, write, and spell correctly; be versed in the first four rules of arithmetic, know the Church Catechism, and have a general knowledge of the contents of the Old and New Testaments.
VIII. The training scholar will be subject, in all matters of discipline and of a domestic nature, wholly to the control of the principal, except as regards the punishment of expulsion, which will not be resorted to without the sanction of the Training School Committee.
IX. The training scholars attend the service at the Cathedral every morning at ten, and at the usual times on Sundays.
X. The holidays are, six weeks at Midsummer, and four at Christmas. Wednesdays and Saturdays are half holidays.
XI. Before a scholar leaves the Training School (on his appointment to any school), he shall undergo an examination, and receive a testimonial according to his attainments, to be laid before the Bishop, in order that he may receive a licence to teach, according to the 77th Canon. No certificate will be given unless a person has resided in the house for six months at least.
XII. Persons already engaged in tuition, or intending to be so, on their producing certificates of their baptism and of good conduct, will be permitted to attend portions of the course, without residing in the house, upon payment of £1 per quarter.
XIII. Boys of good and eligible character, on leaving the junior school, may be received at once, though under age, as boarders.
ŠIV. These arrangements are to be considered provisional, as it is hoped that the school may ultimately be made to support itself.
SALISBURY TRAINING SCHOOL FOR SCHOOLMISTRESSES.
The Management of the School is intrusted to a Sub-Committee and Secretary, appointed annually by the Board.
The Pupils board and lodge in a house in the Close, with the governess, who has the sole control as to all matters of ordinary discipline and domestic arrangements; but no pupil can be dismissed without the sanction of the Committee.
All pupils are required to remain at the school at least six months.
Instruction and lodging are provided gratuitously for all the pupils. For their board, each Pupil pays £15 for the first year, and £14 for the second and subsequent years. The £15 for the first year is thus divided, viz.-£8 for the first half year, and £7 for the second half year. The payments are to be made quarterly in advance. The £15 is exclusive of washing.
All pupils are to bring with them two pairs of sheets and six towels.
All the pupils are to assist in doing the work of the house, as the Governess shall direct.
The pupils are not to be visited by any persons but near relations, and by those only at a fixed time, and with the sanction of the Governess.
The pupils are examined before they quit the school, and a certificate is given to those with whose good conduct and attainments the Committee are satisfied.
An examination of the pupils is held before the Training School Committee twice a year.
The dress of the pupils is to be most plain and economical.
All the pupils are to bring with them a small Bible and Book of Common Prayer.
The pupils attend the Cathedral every day once, and twice on Sundays.
The holidays are six weeks in the summer. There is also a week's holiday at Christmas ; but the pupils are not at this vacation required to leave the school. Every Saturday is a half-holiday.
The times of admission to the school are, Christmas, Ladyday, after the Midsummer holidays, and Michaelmas. Pupils are not admitted at any other seasons.
No pupils are a:lmitted under sixteen years of age.