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precise amount of proficiency, as well in religious as in secular information, and such other particulars of the history and character of the prisoners as I might think useful to guide me in my subsequent intercourse with them.
On comparing my investigations under the latter head with their condition as reported in the printed calendars, I found, in one hundred cases taken indiscriminately, a coincidence only in forty-six ; and that in nearly four-fifths of the fifty-four cases wherein there existed a discrepancy, the degree of instruction was higher than reported.
My inquiries were confined, as I have said, to the convicted prisoners, nor did they embrace the whole of these. Of the 471 who have been sentenced to various periods of imprisonment, I have seen 300, and I may give the following as the result.
Females. I found that there were ignorant of the alphabet 18 or 12 pr. cent, 53 or 35% pr. cent. Could read elementary books of monosyllables,
but not write............ ............ 16 or 109 „ 26 or 17 „
20 , 13 ,
16 , 103,
15 , 10 Well educated
» Now if this table be adapted to the form of the usual official returns, it will stand thus :
Neither read nor write ..................... 18 or 12 pr. cent, 53 or 35% pr. cent.
.......... 32 , 211
63 „ 42 » Read and write imperfectly ............... 58 „ 38
19 „ 12 „ Read and write well ........................
39 „ 26 , 15 , 10 , Well educated .............................. 3 , 2
» » I have frequently felt it difficult to determine in which of the above divisions a prisoner should be placed ; a collation of the foregoing tables, however, will at once explain the principle which has guided me.
Another point of inquiry instituted amongst the same individuals, and to the result of which I wish to invite the attention of the Court, was the amount of religious information. This may be stated as follows, viz. :
Females. 1. Utterly ignorant-by which term I mean
those, who, in some instances, knew not even our Saviour's name; in others, were unacquainted with the nature of his office, or any of the circumstances of his
history, beyond his birth and death ...... 47 or 31} per cent. 75 or 50 per cent. 2. Imperfectly instructed—including those who
possessed a confused knowledge of the incidents of our Lord's history, and that he came into the world “to save sinners,”
but very little beyond ...................... 53 „ 35 „ 42 „ 28 3. Tolerably instructed—comprehending those
whom I found possessing a slight acquaintance with the scriptures, and who could give some account (although often but an approach to the truth,) of the scheme
of man's redemption ........................ 35 „ 234 , 20 „ 13} , 4. Intelligent-more or less versed in the leading doctrines of Scripture ...... 15 „ 10 „ 13 , 8 ,
150 Limited though this inquiry has necessarily been, I believe the above to exhibit a fair specimen of the whole ; that could the investigation have embraced, that is, the
entire commitments, the result would not have materially differed. At Preston, indeed, as appears by the published report of the chaplain of the prison there, both the secular and religious information of the prisoners summarily convicted, are rather better than they are found to be amongst those convicted at the sessions, and I have little doubt that such would prove to be the case here likewise.*- From the Report of the Rev. Thomas Carter, Chaplain of the Liverpool Borough Prison, 1843.
* Of 3,526 criminal prisoners of all ages committed between the 1st of January and 30th Sep. tember, 1842, of whom 2,156 were Males, and 1,370 Females, it appears by a statement for which I am indebted to the governor, that there have attended Day Schools, for one year and under . . 340 Males, 226 Females, or 566 Total. from one to two years .. 241
419 two to three years . . 231
372 four years and upwards 926
1,408 Never at School . . . 418
CLASS III. Baines, John, St. John's coll. Beckwith, Henry W., University coll. Boyle, John, Balliol coll. Cameron, George, Christ Church. Dart, Philip F., Exeter coll. Dewse, Thomas S., Queen's coll. Gidley, Lewis, Exeter coll.
Harrison, William, Queen's coll.
PIERS CALVELEY CLAUGHTON,
Society and the British and Foreign School Society.-Sir R. Peel said the government was not prepared to extend the principle on which it had hitherto acted in the matter.
University of Cambridge.-The Chancellor's gold medal for the best English ode or poem in heroic verse, subject “ Plato,” has been adjudged to William Johnson, Scholar of King's Coll.
The Camden gold medal, for the best exercise composed in Latin Hexameter verse, subject—"Defectus solis varii luneque labores,” has been adjudged to James Arthur Yonge, scholar of King's Coll.
Sir William Browne's three gold medals for the best Greek ode in imitation of Sappho, for the best Latin ode in imitation of Horace, and for the best Greek and Latin Epigrams, the former after the manner of the Anthologia, and the latter after the model of Martial,
Greek Ode, subject"Ai návd’ópboai Ejuavides," to W.G.Clarke, of Trin. Coll. · Latin Ode, subject—"Indus Fluvius,” and Greek and Latin Epigrams, subject -"Mía tehiowy čap óv moLET,” and “Una hirundo non facit ver," to H.J.S. Maine, of Pembroke Coll.
The Vice-Chancellor has issued the following notice :-"Order of merit of the Candidates for the Hebrew Scholarships who have passed the examination with credit:
“Mynors Bright, Incepting M.A. Magd. Coll., First Scholar; Henry Lovell, B.A. St. John's Coll., Second Scholar; Wil. liam Castlehow, B.A. Emmanuel Coll.”
Royal Naval School.-Prince Albert has sent 100 guineas in aid of the fund for erecting this national edifice, the foun. dation-stone of which was laid by his Royal Highness on the 1st ult. Her Majesty had previously given the same amount, in addition to her munificent subscription of £100 annually. Her Majesty Queen Adelaide, and his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, have also subscribed most liberally. The ob. ject of the institution is to enable the less affluent naval and marine officers to give their sons a sound general education at the least possible expense, and also to afford the same advantage, gratuitously, to a limited number in very necessitous circumstances, giving a preference to the orphans of those who have fallen in the service of their country. The school establishment consists of a head-master (being a clergyman of the established church), and several assistant masters. It should likewise be stated, that out of the large number of the sons of naval and marine officers who have been educated at this school, many have since entered the navy and marines, several having been present at the bombardment of Acre, and taken an active part in the late war on the coast of Syria. The Lords of the Admiralty have consented to grant two nominations annually (to be selected from merit in the school), as volunteers of the first class in her Majesty's navy, of which it is hoped that the Royal Naval School will eventually become an important and valuable nursery. All the distinguished flag-officers in the navy have come forward in furtherance of this object, be. sides several munificent individuals unconnected with the service; and it is worthy of remark, as evidencing the estimation in which this laudable project is held by the most influential classes of the public, that every banker in London has offered to receive subscriptions in aid of the Royal Naval School. It is to be built in the Elizabethan style, and will be capable of accommodating upwards of 200 scholars; the frontage of the edifice will be 120 feet long, and the depth 280 feet. The architect has principally taken his idea from the design of
Parliamentary Grants for Education. House of Commons, June 19.--Mr. Wyse was anxious to renew a question put to the First Lord of the Treasury on a former evening, and which, from circumstances that had since occurred, was now of much more importance. He begged to inquire whether, now that the government had given up the educational clauses in the Factory Bill, it was their intention to propose any supplementary vote for the purposes of education ? Sir R. PEEL was understood to say, that the supplementary vote for this year was greater in amount than that of the two or three years preceding. It was the general wish of the government to adhere as closely as possible to the plan of the Committee of Privy Council on education. If they should find the demands on the funds at the disposal of the committee much increased this year, of which at present they saw no indication, the government might consent to an increase of the grant.-Mr. EWART wished to know whether the grants would be extended beyond the National School
Chelsea Hospital. A play-ground of four or five acres will be attached, and the dormitories are to be constructed in such a manner as to secure every comfort and afford every convenience to the naval scholars. The elevation of the sleeping-rooms will be about 14 or 15 feet, and thus the most complete ventilation will be readily obtained.
Anniversary Meeting of Charity Children at St. Paul's Cathedral. This interesting ceremony was attended by a very numerous congregation. At an early hour troops of children, whose healthy appearance and neat and cleanly garb could scarcely be exceeded, began to flock towards the gathering spot. So complete were the arrangements, that ingress and egress were freely obtained, and the respective bands were marshalled to their locations without the least bustle or disturbance. The children from the various parochial and district schools amounted to about 5,000, and we understand the number would have been larger had there been sufficient space. Those who have not witnessed this pleasing scene could scarcely conceive the effect of such a multitude of voices, when the great chorus burst upon the ear in the simple but solemn music selected for performance. The services of the gentlemen of the choir were employed in the Te Deum, the Jubilate Deo, and the Co. ronation Anthem. We noticed an improvement in the management of the voices of the children, probably attributable to the better mode of teaching introduced in several of the schools. An appropriate and impressive sermon was preached by the Bishop of Salisbury, from the 13th verse of the 54th chapter of Isaiah. Among the visiters we noticed his Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, the Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburgh Strelitz, Lord Ashley, Lord Ashburton, Lord Prudhoe, &c.
sary, from their very birth, sustaining all the responsibilities of the parent, until they become eligible for those asylums which are open to the orphan at a more advanced age. Many charities exist for the reception of the fatherless after seven years of age; but this only is open to them until that age is attained; and, while intended more immediately for such as are respectably descended, it rejects none whose connections have maintained themselves by their own honest industry, independent of parochial aid ; -it is confined to no locality as regards the objects of its care, but wherever the legitimacy of the child can be clearly proved, and its fitness in other respects established, it is eligible for admission come from whence it may. Infants only, six weeks old, both fatherless and motherless, have been received into this Asylum. The election of the children is vested in the subscribers, and the elections are held half-yearly, viz. on the last Mondays in April and October. Should a child prove unsuccessful on one occasion, the votes recorded on its behalf are carried forward in its favour for the succeeding election; so that no case, however comparatively friendless, can fail of success where a reasonable effort is made in its favour. One hundred and Eightyseven Orphans are now on the Foundation : among them are children of clergymen, of officers in the army and navy, of merchants, and other respectable classes. The next election will be held on Monday, the 30th day of October. Forms for nominating candidates, together with any further particulars on the subject of the charity, may be obtained on addressing the Secretaries, at the office, Great Winchester Street, London.
Infant Orphan School. The public attention having been recently called to this charitable institution by the opening of their new buildings at Wanstead, in the presence of Prince Albert, the following brief account of the design of the charity will be interesting to many of our readers. It was instituted in the year 1827; its purpose is to board, clothe, nurse, and educate, destitute children who are fatherless and motherless, or father. less only; and it receives them, if neces
Rugby Speech Day.-On Friday, 9th June, the annual recitation of the compositions which have obtained prizes took place in the large school room. The following is a list of the subjects of the prizes, and of the successful competitors :-Latin Essay.-Conington, maj.Quisnam inter veteres historiarum scriptores, seu Græcos, seu Romanos, præstantissimus habendus sit? Latin verse. Sanders-Arabes. English prose.-Day
On the causes which led to the rise of the power of the Commons of England. Greek lambics.--Hon. F. C. Lawley.Eliooa. English Verse.-Hardy, maj. -Australia. Fifth Form Verses.-Cholmondely, maj.-Thebæ Ægyptiacæ.
King's College, London.--Mr. Charles Browne, who was placed in the first class, and Messrs. R. S. Hutchings and C. Lowder, who were placed in the second class, " in literis humanioribus," at the late Oxford examination for degrees, were students of this college, and previously pupils in the college school.
cation to the Roman Catholic as well as to the Protestant poor; and feels that English churchmen are especially called upon to assist her in a work so excellent in itself, and so important to the interests of true religion in every part of the kingdom." "3. That the thanks of this meeting be presented to the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, and the other bishops who have already consented to become vice-patrons of the society.”
Charterhouse School. The second of the three open Scholarships at Trinity College, Oxford, was adjudged to Wm. Gifford Palgrave, son of Sir Francis Palgrave, from this school.
Libraries for Policemen.--It has been agreed by the S. P.C. K. that the Commissioners of Police be informed that books may be supplied to the Police force, upon application through the Inspectors, at cost prices.
School for the Sons of Clergymen and others.—The arrangements for the opening of the school at Marlborough, are proceeding most satisfactorily; and at the next monthly meeting of the council the name of every pupil to be received will be recorded in the register of admissions. Not more than 200 can be admitted in the first instance : but from the numerous applications that are made, there can be no doubt of an increase in the whole establishment within a very short period. The number of life governors is 118, and of donors 60.
The London Hibernian Society.-At the 37th annual meeting of this society, the chair, in the absence of the Marquis of Cholmondeley (president of the society), was taken by Viscount Sandon, M.P. The principal object of the meeting was to effect an union with the Irish Church Education Society, with which the Hi. bernian Society has long been intimately connected. The report having been read and adopted, the meeting was addressed by Lord Teignmouth, the Rev. C. Bernard, Mr. Hamilton, M.P., the Rev. Mortimer O'Sullivan, Lord Kenyon, Mr. Colquhoun, M.P., the Dean of St. Patrick's, and Lord Radstock. The following resolutions were unanimously agreed to:“1. That it is highly desirable that efforts should be made to establish in Ireland a system of education based upon the Holy Scriptures, and sufficiently extensive to embrace the whole poor population of the country, as essential to the elevation of the character and the improvement of the condition of the people.” “2. That this meeting deeply sympathizes with the Church of Ireland in the difficult position in which she is placed, whilst she is endeavouring, without the aid of any public grant, to fulfil the arduous duty of affording the blessings of Scriptural edu.
Brackenbury, Rev. J. M., formerly scholar of St. John's College, Cambridge, to be an Assistant-Master in the Marlborough School for sons of clergymen and others.
Fenwick, Rev. John, B.A., of Cor. pus Christi College, Head-master of the Grammar School, Ipswich
Goodchild, Rev. W. G., Principal Assistant-Master of King Edward VI.'s Free Grammar School, Macclesfield, to the Head Mastership of the Free Grammar School of Audlem.
Hughes, Rev. John Bickley, Demy of Magdalene College, to be Assistant-Master in Marlborough School for the sons of clergymen and others.
Penrose, Rev. C. T., formerly of Trinity College, to be Head Master of Grosvenor College, Bath.
Pitman, Rev. E. R., Scholar of Christ's College, Cambridge, to be an AssistantMaster in the Marlborough School for the sons of clergymen and others.
Wallace, Rev. Allan, curate of West Hackney, Middlesex, to the Head-Mastership of the Free Grammar School, Newport, Isle of Wight.
Weidemann, Rev. C. F. S., B. A., of Christ Church, Oxford, principal of the Huddersfield Collegiate School, in the place of the Rev. F. Hessey, promoted principal of the Kensington Proprietary School.
Willan, Rev. James H., formerly of St. John's College, Cambridge, to be Head Master of the Grammar School, Gainsborough.