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of the London mail. I was on the Ex change when it approached : the sound of the horn seemed to strike terror into every soul. A great crowd was collected, who then instantly rushed round the mail, inquiring of the guard if the news were true ? He replied, “Both are dead.'--'Both are dead,' was reverberated by the crowd, and the flash spread like lightning. Dejection marked every countenance; and, I think it is not too much to say, that “tears gushed into every eye.'"
Then came the wail of sorrow from a whole nation in bereavement: and the bulletins of a forgotten anguish appeared, as others have appeared this melancholy winter :
" CLAREMONT, Nov. 7. “ The Prince Leopold has had a bad “ night, but is more composed this “ morning.”
“CLAREMONT, Nov. 8. “ The Prince has had some sleep in “ the night, and is as well as can be “ expected this morning.”
;" CLAREMONT, Nov. 9. «The Prince Leopold had a calm 16 night and is this morning, rather “ better than yesterday."
On the twelfth, however, it was announced that His Serene Highness's indisposition hourly increased, that he refused consolation, and suffered no one to approach him. He passed all his time absorbed in thought, and seemed absent to everything, except such objects as recalled to memory his departed consort. The most inconsiderable ar ticles once possessed by her were endeared to him by recollection. The bonnet and cloak, which she wore in their last excursion, were kept constantly before his eyes. They were hung by her hands upon a screen in the sitting parlour, and there they remained ; the prince positively forbidding any person whatever either to remove or even to touch them. Her watch still hung where she herself had placed it, while yet time was measured to her by earthly
The savage and heathen ceremony of embalming, which was performed on the princess's body, greatly shocked and agitated the widowed husband, and was severely commented on by a portion of the press.
The time of the funeral was then fixed: the day “announced for the interment was one of most solemn and devout observance, not only throughout the vast Metropolis, and amongst all sects and denominations of Christians, but throughout the whole realm of Britain.
“No awful ceremony of this kind, on the demise of any of our rulers, or of any branches of their illustrious families, was ever, we believe, marked by so general and unequivocal a testimony of unfeigned sorrow and regret. The parochial churches and the different chapels, both of the Establishment and of Dissenters, covered their pulpits, desks, and galleries, with the emblems of mourning. The shops were shut, ordinary business suspended, and most private houses had their window shutters entirely closed. All that custom ordains as the signs of ez ordains as the signs of external sorrow, prevailed in the public streets, in the parks, and in the most retired and obscure parts of the Metropolis. Among the inferior classes, there were few who could find the means of procuring any black, that did not do so. The charity children wore signs of mourning. The Courts of Law, the Custom House, the Public Offices, the Royal Exchange, &c., were closed. Orders were sent to all the dockyards, to prohibit the usual transaction of business. British vessels, and those of all other nations, hoisted their colours only half-mast high ; and on the river Thames, and at the different sea-ports, minute-guns were fired all night. Even the gambling-houses, which were at that time a disgrace to our nobility and to the national legislature, thought it necessary to suspend their debasing work on the day of the funeral of the Princess Charlotte : the master of one of the most famous of these infamous houses of ruinous resort, issuing the
"Gentlemen are informed, that, in conse- every house was closed. The funeral quence of this being the day appointed for procession arrived at Windsor shortly the burial of Her Royal Highness the Prin
after midnight, at a slow foot-pace, cess Charlotte, as a proper mark of respect to her beloved memory, play will not begin till and without flambeaux, or any other to-morrow at ten o'clock.'
“ The corpse of the infant, and the " The tolling of the great bell of St. urn, were immediately conveyed to St. Paul's, accompanied by the bells of all George's Chapel, and there received by the other churches, excited much feel- the Hon. and Rev. Dr. Hobart. The ing in the evening, among the mourn- body and the urn were then gradually ing crowds assembled on Blackfriars- lowered by a windlass into the royal bridge; the solemn effect being increased cemetery ; where two of the yeomen by the stillness of the river, and by the descended to receive them. They were soft clearness of the moonlight. At the deposited temporarily on a shelf, previgay watering-places baths, libraries, and ously to their being placed on the coffin shops were shut, and the promenades of the Princess. No service took place; deserted. Ships of all nations, Ameri- and the most awful stillness was precan, French, Russian, Danish, Swedish, served throughout. The hearse then &c. joined in paying the last tribute proceeded into the front court of the of respect to departed greatness, by Lower Lodge, where the body of the having their flags in mourning. In Princess Charlotte was placed under a the evening, at the hour when it was canopy prepared for its reception. understood the body of our lamented “The rooms that the corpse passed Princess would be consigned to the ever- through were covered in every part, walls, lasting silence of the tomb, minute guns ceiling, and floor, with black cloth ; a were fired from the piers. The silence a large black velvet pall lay on the coffin, and beauty of the night, broken only by with a broad white border, reaching to that sound and the distant roll of the the ground. Over the coffin was placed waves breaking on the shore, added a canopy, with plumes, shadowing the sublimity, if possible, to the solemnity of Princess's coronet, and against the the occasion.
wall was a large escutcheon of Her “The removal of the bodies of the Royal Highness's arms, emblazoned on Princess and the Royal Infant from satin. Claremont was fixed for six o'clock on “During the whole route from Esher, Tuesday evening, the 18th. At the it had been a fine night, and the moon appointed time, the coffin, containing shone brightly all the way from Clarethe corpse of the infant, and the urn, mont till the procession reached the were brought out and placed in a mourn- town of Windsor ; when, in a most ing coach ; which Sir Robert Gardiner remarkable manner, the sky became and Colonel Addenbroke entered. The overcast, the moon was hidden with hearse then drove up; and the state clouds, and darkness ensued :—this coffin, containing the remains of the sudden change visibly affected thouPrincess, borne by ten men, was brought sands of spectators, and seemed to out and placed within it. Before half- spread an additional and unexpected past six o'clock the procession began to gloom over the scene of sorrow. move, preceded by upwards of thirty “Shortly after eight o'clock, on Wedhorsemen, three a-breast, in full mourn- nesday evening, the mournful cavalcade ing; the whole attended by a party of proceeded to the last abode of departed the 10th dragoons. Great numbers of Royalty. When the procession arrived in horsemen and pedestrians followed, and the choir, a solemn and mournful silence the bells of the churches in the towns prevailed. The choristers began to chant and villages through which it passed the solemn service of “I know that my tolled incessantly. The roads were Redeemer liveth :" the canopy followed,
was the Royal coffin, enveloped by the mournful ceremonial ; but it is certain magnificent pall, which was supported by that, an hour after the other mourners four Baronesses. Prince Leopold follow- were withdrawn, His Serene Highness ed the corpse as chief mourner ; his ap- was found in the vault of death, weeppearance created the utmost interest, ing over the dear remains of his beloved he made evident efforts to preserve calm- Charlotte ; and that it was only by a ness and fortitude, but frequently burst friendly violence that he could be reinto a flood of tears. His Serene moved. When removed from the vault, Highness walked along with unsteady and requested to pass the rest of the steps, and took the seat provided for night at Windsor, His Serene Highness him at the head of the coffin. During declared his determination of immedithe whole time of the funeral service, ately setting out for Claremont, saying. he preserved one fixed but down- 'I must return to-night, or I shall cast look towards the coffin of his never return !'" beloved wife ; and never once raised Deep was the sympathy felt for him. his eyes to the congregation. The Deep the compassion bestowed on that Royal Dukes, who sat or stood beside object of a royal woman's love, sumhim, watched with much solicitude, as if moned from a foreign land by love itself they were afraid he would sink under to a destiny as bright as earth could his affliction. His distress, however, offer; and when from every pulpit in the was tolerably subdued till the moment kingdom came solemn and affecting when the coffin was gradually lowered words, such as have lately been preached into the grave; at this awful crisis he to us, and men and women wept alike was alarmingly moved, though by a for the dead, that Chief Mourner was strong effort he seemed almost to con- not forgotten. Eloquently was it shown quer even this emotion.
how the distinctions of rank and wealth “The music was the same as is usually vanish in these seasons of overwhelming performed at public funerals in St. Paul's sorrow, till there rises in the darkness Cathedral and Westminster Abbey, with and desolation of human grandeur, that the addition of Dr. Blake's favourite meek angelic visitant, the pity of the anthem, from the 16th Psalm : 'I have poor; and the words then spoken of set God always before me.' The body Prince Leopold may take their place by being lowered into the vault, and the recent inquiries from lowly lips, how mourners standing around, the burial our Queen was bearing her sorrow. service was completed. Sir Isaac Heard, “There is not," said the preacher, “a Knight-Garter, Principal King of Arms, " peasant in our land who is not touched then proclaimed the style of Her late to the very heart when he thinks of the Royal Highness in the usual form. In “unhappy stranger who is now spend. delivering this, Sir Isaac was deeply “ing his days in grief and his nights affected. His voice faltered, and he “in sleeplessness; as he mourns alone wept; at that moment there was not, “in his darkened chamber, and refuses perhaps, a dry eye in the Chapel “ to be comforted; as he turns in vain for
“The melancholy solemnity was ter- “rest to his troubled feelings, and cannot minated about eleven o'clock, but the “find it; as he gazes on the memorials of Chapel and the avenues were not "an affection that blessed the brightest, completely cleared until after twelve. “happiest, shortest year of his existence.” The whole town of Windsor was full We have given in appendix, for the of bustle and confusion. The car- curious in such matters, the texts of riage-ways were all blocked up with some of the numberless sermons to which vehicles of every description, and the the occasion gave birth : nor were there. footpaths were impassable for the mul- wanting discourses similar to some that titude of spectators. Prince Leopold have lately been vehemently criticised, was supposed to have returned to Clare- arguing that this Royal death was a
one of which was boldly published with a titlepage with a black-edged border, “ The REAL, or MORAL CAUSE of the Princess Charlotte's Death!”
Lastly came the discussion who should fill the gap; and lists were published of probable and possible successors in their legal order of succession-in which, strange to say, the wife of Jerome Bonaparte and his son Jerome Napoleon stand twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth in a list of 123; and a jealous commentator discussed whether the English people or Parliament would ever suffer any of the family of Bonaparte to ascend the English throne, "even if they had not the young Princes of Brunswick to look to," —and stated the watchful expectation with which the whole nation “looked to the result of the marriage of the Duke of Cambridge with a princess of the house of Hesse Darmstadt.”
And then the sorrow lessened—as God has decreed all sorrow shall do, or human hearts would break under their burdensand new marriages were made, and new hopes sprung up-amongst them the brightest and best in the person of our present gracious Monarch ; leaving only of that other day of bitter weeping the memory of the purity of a royal home,
1; which men beheld shining beyond the atmosphere of a vicious court, as revellers staggering home from a hot drunken carouse see the cold calm stars looking out of a serene heaven. Those who in piety or philosophy muse on God's mystery in the “taking away from the evil to come,” may be struck by the picture of
f the blind, mad, good old king, unconscious of the sorrow that shook the land he ruled over like an earthquake. But doubly struck must they be with the image hidden, in the death-vault of Windsor, from the frivolous splendour and the fierce warfare of the Regent's court. Princess Charlotte died in November, 1817. In three short years from that time, the mother she had loved, sate vainly braving degradation in presence of the assembled peers of England : on her “trial ” for a love intrigue with her courier. In three
only child, and her child, go suddenly down into the grave, unawed and unchanged by that stroke, was spending 238,0001. on the fopperies of his coronation, and paying ten per cent, interest for the loan of additional jewels to make the crown of an hour sufficiently smart for him to wear. The pure young heart that had loved Leopold could not ache for a mother's disgrace. The simple and truly royal mind that found in the tranquil gardens of Claremont enough of beauty and glory
“To lead from nature up to nature's God,” was no longer witness to a father's folly. She died, and all England bemoaned her. She had no “Party" in the State ; for party implies division, and the love she inspired was unanimous. The « Star of Brunswick " was lamented by Southey (then Poet Laureate), in touching verses ; and she was bitterly lamented by a bereaved nation, not then so happy as to foresee that in another Princess of the same royal line, daughter to the Duke of Kent, and in another Coburg, the nation would grow to consider à faithful sense of duty, & fervent love for home ties, and a wise regard for the interests of a loyal people, the familiar and accustomed qualities of their rulers.
APPENDIX. Texts of the most remarkable discourses preached on the occasion of the Princess Charlotte's death :
In the new Gravel Pit Meeting-House, Hackney - Isaiah xl. 6, 7, 8.
At the Cathedral Church of Chester :- Job i. 21.
At the Church of Allhallows, Barking :Job ix. 12.
At Bishop's Stortford, Herts :- 1 Peter i. 24.
At the Church of St. Mary-le-bone :—Heb. iii 14 At Limehouse :—Isaiah xxvi. 9.
At Bethnal Green :-Job xxxiv. 19, 20.
At the Unitarian Chapel, Norfolk Street, Sheffield :-Ezek. xxiv. 16.
At Kettering :—Psalm lxxxii. 6,7.
At the Old Chapel, Cliff, Lewes, Sussex :Isaiah xl. 6, 7, 8.
At Monkwearmouth :-Matt. xxv. 13.
At the Church of Blandford Forum, Dorset shire :-Psalm xxxix. 9.
At the Parish Church of Cople, Bedfordshire :- Isaiah xl. 6, 7.
At Aston Sandford, Bucks :-Micah vi. 9.
At Peckham Chapel, Surrey :-Jeremiah viii. 14, 15, 16.
At St. Martin's Church, Leicester :- 1 Cor. xv. 53.
Preached before the University of Cambridge :-1 Cor. vii. 29, 30.
Preached at Henone Chapel, Peckham, and at Salters' Hall, London :-Lam. v. 14, 15.
In the Church of St. Swithin and St. Mary Bothen :-Psalm cxlvi. 3, 4, 5.
At the Baptist Chapel, Bradford, Yorkshire :-Isaiah xxii. 12.
At Acre Lane Chapel, Clapham :-Isaiah xi. 6, 7, 8.
At the Octagon Chapel, Taunton :-1 Thess. v. 2, 3, 4.
At the New_Road Meeting House, St. George's-in-the-East :- Jeremiah ix. 21.
In the Church of Bredon, Worcester :Isaiah xxvi. 9.
At the Unitarian Chapel, Hackney :Isaiah xl. 6, 7, 8.
At the Church of Kingstone, Kent:—Isaiah xl. 6, 7, 8.
At New Brentford :-Job xxx. 23.
At the Independent Meeting House, St. Neot's :- Jeremiah ix. 21.
At the Church of St. Mary-le-Strand, Westminster :- Matthew xxv. 13.
At the Independent Chapel, Blackburn :1 Cor. vii. 29, 30, 31.
At the Gravel-Pit Meeting House, Hackney :-Jeremiah ix. 20, 21.
In the Parish Church of Chiswick, Middlesex - Amos viii. 9, 10.
In the Baptist Meeting House, at Bow,
By the Vicar of Cressing and Curate of Risenhall, Essex :James iv. 13, 14.
At Worship Street, Finsbury Square :Eccles i 1.2
At Walworth :—Isaiah xl. 6.
At the Baptist Meeting, Egle Street, Senden :-Eccles. viii. 8.
In Albion Chapel, Moorgate :-Daniel iv. 35.
At the New Meeting House, Birmingham :Jer. xv. 9.
At the Church of Harrow-on-the-Hill :2 Samuel xiv, 14.
At St. George's Church, Hanover Square :1 Samuel xx. Ž.
At the Meeting House, Monkwell Street :Psalm xxxix. 5.
At Salters' Hall, London, and at Plaistow, Essex :-Jer. xv. 9.
At Walthamstow, Essex :-2 Samuel i. 27.
At the Chapel, near Church Row, Hampstead :- Eccles. xii. 5.
At Baker Street Meeting, Enfield :-Jer. xv. 9.
At the Parish Church of Newbury :—Gen. xxx. 1.
At the Old Jewry Chapel in Jewry Street:Jer. ix. 23.
In Wesley Chapel, Meadow Lane, Leeds :1 Tim. vi. 15, 16.
At Fulneck :- Ezekiel vii. 27.
At the Synagogue, Denmark Court, Strand : Eccles. vii. 1, 2.
At the Chapel, Wallingford, Berks :Ezekiel xxiv. 16.
At Hassey-Lane, Leicester :-Jer. xv. 9. By the Rev. M. R. Whish :-Micah vi. 9. * At Orange Street Chapel, Leicester Square :Gen. xviii. 25.
At St. Mary's Church, Cambridge :—Psalm cxix. 71.
At the Parish Church of Haughton-le-Skerne, Durham :-Job xxxiv. 18, 19, 20.
In the Parish Church of Clembury, Salop :Eccles. ix. 8.
At the Chapel of the East India College :1 Tim. ï. 1, 2, 3.
At the Old Meeting-House, Birmingham :Psalm v. 15, 16.
In the Garrison Chapel, Woolwich, and afterwards at Hilsea Barracks:-Psalm xc. 16.
At Bishop-Wearmouth :- Jer. iv. 10.