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good ones, when, as in 1859 and '60, I wish, in conclusion, to guard the the most enormous profits are made. public against the ill-considered remarks Such circumstances, of course, must which are too frequently written about severely try the stability of co-operative co-operation. For instance, in a prosocieties. When the co-operative cotton spectus of the Manchester co-operative mill was commenced at Rochdale, the manufactory, I find the following prosperous condition of the trade en passage : “ The working classes will couraged the working classes to sub- “ultimately secure by co-operation all scribe their capital freely; and it is “the fruits of their labour.” Upon a heavy disappointment that, almost this, Mr. Commissioner Hill most justly directly their mill is opened, the remarks: “I conscientiously believe that American crisis arises, and the cotton “ they have hitherto secured the fruits trade is thrown into a state of the most “ of their own labour; but that, by deplorable stagnation. Time can only “ means of co-operation, they will add to show whether the shareholders of the “ labour the wealth-producing elements Rochdale manufactory will bear the “ of capital and management." The trial. I learn from Mr. Ashworth, production of wealth requires the applithe intelligent manager of the mill, cation both of capital and labour. If that, at the present time, the mill is the labourers supply the capital, then, working only four days a-week. He of course, they have a claim to all the also says that, up to the present time, wealth which they produce; but hitherto the shareholders have shown great for- the labouring classes in our own country bearance; that they seem prepared to have been either too poor or too imcontend with the difficulty. At any provident to save. Capital, therefore, rate, their confidence in the ultimate has been necessarily supplied by others, success of the principle seems unabated, and the remuneration which the capitalist for the erection of the second mill is being receives is termed his profit. Let it not vigorously prosecuted. The co-operatives be supposed that, when the wealth promay learn a valuable lesson from the duced is shared between profits and experience which this time of trial wages, the division can be adjusted by affords; for it should impress them with any other than the most definite laws. the importance of forming a large reserve- Wages are and must ever be regulated fund when trade is good, in order to by the ratio which the capital of the meet the difficulties of bad times. If country bears to the number of the the co-operative cotton manufactories population. How wrong is it then for can survive the cotton crisis, the future men to speak as if there was an ansuccess of the movement may be re- tagonism between capital and labour ! garded as guaranteed, for these societies Labour is, in fact, supported and fed by can never have to undergo a more capital; and, if the capital of a country severe trial. If, however, on the other increases, the wages paid to the labourer hand, the co-operative manufactories must increase. The extension of coshould succumb to these difficulties, it operation will, no doubt, tend more than would be most unfair to condemn the any other cause to enrich the labouring co-operative principle. The failure of a class. It offers them an inducement to co-operative cotton manufactory ought save, such as they never had before ; to have no influence in diminishing our and, directly they save sufficient to proconfidence in co-operative stores. Such vide themselves with the capital which a failure would only prove that the their labour requires, they will be able principle of co-operation had been, to appropriate to themselves those profits perhaps, too hastily applied to a branch which others receive because the workof trade which is subject to great ing classes have not yet acquired the GONE!
BY THE HON. MRS. NORTON.
Gone! gone! the bells toll on,
Gone! Even now, to wintry gales
These come :—He schemed their meeting here: To Him that rivalry was dear : His tourney of the arts of peace, , The world's production and increase.
These come .—and, with them, many a man
Gone! A murmur thrills the deep; The earth lies in perturbed sleep; Hot tumults fill the lands afar With restless chance of coming war; And England's gallant sons departBrief preface to their hurried start; Marchings and gatherings to and fro, And sobs repressed, of woman's woe, With lingering watch of crowded decks Till white sails fade to cloud-like specks; And shouts that, following with the brave, Roll in dim echoes o'er the wave. Where's He who took such proud delight In his adopted country's might, Who bade“God speed !” with kind farewell To those who fought, and those who fell, When, bound for Balaclava's shore, They marshalled by the palace door ? His loyal heart no more shall hear The readying word—the martial cheer; The boasting of a people free, “ Victoria and victory," No more shall thrill that clay-cold breast; Nor bugle-call shall break his rest; Nor steel-ciad horseman's measured clank ; Gone! gone! fill up the blank !
Gone! The light new-fallen snow
Nor spring make glad that lone lake's bank,
Gone! gone! With trembling moan
But in the highest home of all
The Widow's wintry coif is there!
i Leslie's picture of the Coronation represents an actual fact, in the management of the light which streams down on the Coronation group. The morning, which had been fitful and cloudy, suddenly brightened at that moment, and the Queen's fair hair Bowed is that head !bowed low once more ! But not as in the days of yore; Not with the future opening bright A dream of splendour to her sight; Not where the shouting lieges crowd ; Alone-in grief-her head is bowed. Her sad eyes watch the fire-light gleams; Her weary soul hath humbler dreams; Roaming from Osborne's seagirt bowers, By royal Windsor's moated towers, To vaults where flowers lie, dark and dank :Gone ! gone ! fill up the blank !
She kneels. The God who sent the gain,
That aspect of sweet life must change;
i Her Majesty and the young Princesses sent wreaths of flowers from Osborne, to place on the coffin of the lamented Prince