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a furtive manner as a means of ascertaining what amount of sensation he is making. He generally finds, when he permits himself this relaxation, that a good-natured wench, who has been sent out to buy vegetables, is standing looking back at him, regardless of the knocks she gets from the passers-by; so his eyes quickly return once more to the pavement, and presently a penny is thrust into his hand, and the good. natured wench goes on her way with a purse just so much the lighter for her misdirected mercy.

Sometimes the silent beggar holds in his clasped hands a lucifer-match box, sometimes a very thin account book, and two sticks of sealing-wax, which objects are understood to be offered for public purchase, in case the tide of commercial enterprise should set in such directions. Sometimes, again, the silent beggar is seen with a desperately clean wife, and even occasionally a raw-looking little girl, by his side, all three quietly contemplating the pavement, except, indeed, when the infant mendicant, with the volatile habits of childhood, will sometimes look cheerfully about at the different objects in her neighbourhood, in which case, however, she is speedily brought to order by means of severe knuckle correction between the shoulderblades.

I have always regarded the silent beggar with immense dislike and suspicion, believing him to be a terrific savage in his family, and a wild and violent reveller in the dark slums of London, out of business hours. But what was the mendicant of this order formerly, to what he is ‘now? The silent beggar has always been in the habit of cultivating a neat and highly respectable exterior, and he has been also found at intervals with a written placard hung round his neck, or placed before him on the pavement, where he reads it upside down all the day long. But now the silent beggar has gone a step farther; and it was only the other day that, seeing a considerable group of persons assembled in Trafalgar Square,

sitive man should, I discovered that they were simply staring at a tall and stylishly-dressed gentleman, who was standing with his hat off, and his back against a wall, and a pasteboard inscription upon his breast, stating his claims to the consideration of the benevolent. Surely I was right in saying that it is only now that the silent beggar has reached the perfection of his development, for this gentleman was attired in a symmetrical and highly prosperouslooking suit of black, wore a pair of kid gloves, which fitted so perfectly, that it must have been a serious matter to get them on, and carried a jaunty Malacca cane in one of his hands. It really is scarcely too much to suppose after this, that we shall, in good time, have a silent beggar reining up his curricle by the side of the footway, and holding in a fiery “high-stepper” with one hand, while he stretches out a hat with the other. A beggar with gloves ! a beggar with a Malacca cane! Allah is good; but what shall we hear of next?

I suppose that it is to this school of the silent beggars that the Indian, who crouches on one knee, and hides his villanous face as well as he can with his hands, legitimately belongs; for he never speaks, though he will shiver and chatter with his teeth by the hour together. He, too, has his claims to our regard written out in large text, and, placed before him, an autobiographical notice, from which we may generally gather that he has been very ill-used, is himself immaculate, and is, as indeed are all his tribe, an eminently Christian character. So much is this the case with our Indian teeth-chatterer, that he is sometimes found with a collection of hymns, printed on single sheets of paper, trembling in his hands, and which, in his religious ardour, he is ready to supply to the public at the rate of one penny per sheet. This intolerable impostor, who, with his active, muscular figure, could get up and beat Deerfoot at a running-match if he chose, will crouch and shiver all day long for a livelihood, and a very good thing he makes of it; our

the great patron saint of mendicants, on my thinking to myself, that “there being rarely able to get past him with really is something remarkable about out contributing to his wants. It would this fellow," and then he imagines that not surprise us to learn that these trem I shall turn back and get into converbling gentlemen have a luxurious club- station with him. No, no, my friend, house of their own, where they all meet your smock-frock is too white, and your after shivering hours, and where they leather-leggings are too clean, and your pass the night in performing Nil Dar get up altogether is too intensely agriculpan, and cursing their British persecutors tural, for me to imagine that you are in a grateful and becoming manner. acquainted with any other fields than

From this servile, crawling, grovelling those of Spital, or of still more sinister wretch, we turn, by a natural transition, Tothill. to the cheerful and familiar beggar; a Perhaps, however, I should have fallen tremendous impostor, too, but of a dif- a victim to this honest fellow, if it had ferent sort.

not happened that, only a day or two beIt is not long since that I was cross- fore I made his acquaintance, a middleing over the road not far from Lumbago- aged lady, with a reticule and a red nose, terrace, Regent's-park, when I saw stopped suddenly directly before me in advancing to meet me at the other end the street, and said, in a calm clear tone, of the crossing two persons, a man and “ Will you give me a penny, if you a woman, who wore so gay and joyous please ?”. an aspect at my approach, that I thought Before this accomplished artist, who they knew me. The man was dressed may be called the unexpected beggar, in a snowy smock-frock, and wore tan- I fell. She was too much for me, and, leather leggings ; the woman was arrayed doubtless, my weakness in this case in a clean cotton gown, and a neat straw helped to give me force in the other bonnet. I was beginning to think whe- instance. ther they were tenants of some country While mentioning this matter of the friend who remembered me, though I unexpected beggar, and the difficulty had forgotten them; for how else could of resisting her, I am reminded of another I account for their being apparently so kind of unexpected Beggar, without glad to see me? I was puzzling myself, mention of whom this category would I say, in this manner, when my friend, be incomplete. the model peasant, suddenly burst out You are upstairs in your study, on with these remarkable words :

the second floor. Your study is on “You haven't got,” he said, grinning that floor that you may be quiet, and, from ear to ear, and with a jovial roll of possibly, because you would be in the his head—“ you haven't got such a thing way on the dining-room, or drawingas a copper for a poor fellow, have room stages. You are engaged in study you ? we're in wants of as much as will no matter of what nature-how to make pay for a night's lodging."

both ends meet, perhaps. Presently, a After following me a short distance, handmaid taps at your door, and informs and entering into the details of an excur- you that Mr. Jarvis is below, and wishes sion into “Daarsetshire," which he had to speak with you. He will not detain in contemplation, and which he discussed you five minutes. You don't exactly in a loud and cheery tone, my agricul- remember the name, but no doubt it is tural friend gave me up, with a soft sigh somebody on business. You impress and a genial “thank’ee all the same, him by a brief delay, and descend. sir," of terrific power, and fell back to On entering your drawing-room, you his female accomplice. I have met this observe a gentleman seated with his couple about continually since, and the back towards you. He waits till you man always smiles and touches his hat are well into the room, and then rising, to me in a jaunty manner, without, how- discloses himself to your regard, as a

a furtive manner as a means of ascer- sitive man should, I discovered that taining what amount of sensation he is they were simply staring at a tall and making. He generally finds, when he stylishly-dressed gentleman, who was permits himself this relaxation, that a standing with his hat of, and his back good-natured wench, who has been sent against a wall, and a pasteboard inscripout to buy vegetables, is standing look- tion upon his breast, stating his claims ing back at him, regardless of the knocks to the consideration of the benevolent. she gets from the passers-by ; so his Surely I was right in saying that it is eyes quickly return once more to the only now that the silent beggar has pavement, and presently a penny is reached the perfection of his developthrust into his hand, and the good ment, for this gentleman was attired in natured wench goes on her way with a a symmetrical and highly prosperouspurse just so much the lighter for her looking suit of black, wore a pair of kid misdirected mercy.

gloves, which fitted so perfectly, that it Sometimes the silent beggar holds in his must have been a serious matter to get clasped hands a lucifer-match box, some them on, and carried a jaunty Malacca times a very thin account book, and two cane in one of his hands. It really is sticks of sealing-wax, which objects are scarcely too much to suppose after this, understood to be offered for public pur that we shall, in good time, have a silent chase, in case the tide of commercial beggar reining up his curricle by the enterprise should set in such directions. side of the footway, and holding in a Sometimes, again, the silent beggar is fiery “high-stepper” with one hand, seen with a desperately clean wife, and while he stretches out a hat with the even occasionally a raw-looking little other. A beggar with gloves ! a beggar girl, by his side, all three quietly con- with a Malacca cane! Allah is good ; templating the pavement, except, in- but what shall we hear of next? deed, when the infant mendicant, with I suppose that it is to this school of the volatile habits of childhood, will the silent beggars that the Indian, who sometimes look cheerfully about at the crouches on one knee, and hides his different objects in her neighbourhood, villanous face as well as he can with his in which case, however, she is speedily hands, legitimately belongs ; for he brought to order by means of severe never speaks, though he will shiver and knuckle correction between the shoulder- chatter with his teeth by the hour togeblades.

ther. He, too, has his claims to our I have always regarded the silent regard written out in large text, and, beggar with immense dislike and sus- placed before him, an autobiographical picion, believing him to be a terrific notice, from which we may generally savage in his family, and a wild and gather that he has been very ill-used, is violent reveller in the dark slums of himself immaculate, and is, as indeed London, out of business hours. But are all his tribe, an eminently Christian what was the mendicant of this order character. So much is this the case formerly, to what he is ‘now? The with our Indian teeth-chatterer, that he silent beggar has always been in the is sometimes found with a collection of habit of cultivating a neat and highly hymns, printed on single sheets of paper, respectable exterior, and he has been trembling in his hands, and which, in also found at intervals with a written his religious ardour, he is ready to supply placard hung round his neck, or placed to the public at the rate of one penny before him on the pavement, where he per sheet. This intolerable impostor, reads it upside down all the day long. who, with his active, muscular figure, But now the silent beggar has gone a could get up and beat Deerfoot at a runstep farther; and it was only the other ning-match if he chose, will crouch and day that, seeing a considerable group of shiver all day long for a livelihood, and persons assembled in Trafalgar Square, a very good thing he makes of it; our

Such youths cannot resist answering in street, holding a baby in his arms, and such French as they have at command, and followed by a woman and other chilfrom the moment when they thus consent dren, gives out his wrongs to the public to enter into conversation, they are lost. ear in a loud and oratorical manner,

Beware, again, how your sympathies beginning, “Hi ham a pore weaver,". are enlisted in behalf of a little innocent and interspersing his statement with looking boy who is crying bitterly over many asides of a threatening character, the fragments of a broken plate or jug, addressed in a husky whisper to his wife which has tumbled out of his hand. and children. This group will occasionHe has been sent to fetch something ally awaken the echoes of Charlottewhich the plate or jug was intended to street, Fitzroy-square, which is a contain; it has tumbled out of his hand favourite beggar-preserve, with the strain and been broken into many atoms. The of the Old Hundredth, which is comchild is in an agony of grief, and dilates monly interrupted with even more between his sobs upon the cruel conse- clinkings of halfpence on the pavement, quences that will ensue when he returns thrown from upper windows, than is home with the story of the broken elicited by the weaver's narration of his plate. Now this would be all very well, own wrongs and sufferings. This is the and you would be doing quite right in same man who, when unable to afford contributing towards a new plate, if the hire of a wife and family for choral only you were quite sure that this was psalm-singing and spouting purposes, the first and only occasion on which our lurks about our suburbs and lies in wait young friend has appeared with his for ladies who are obliged to go out knuckles screwed into his eyes, and a alone while their husbands are at busicollection of fragments of the willow ness, and makes their walk so unpleasant pattern at his feet. But what if all this to them with half-threatening, halfwhich happens to-day at the corner of whining importunities, that they are Baker-street, occurred yesterday oppo- glad enough to give him an alms to be site the Foundling, and will be repeated rid of him. He is an intimate ally too till further notice every day next week in of the man who does a mackerel, a moondivers parts of the metropolis ?

light, a mutton chop, and a head from This last-mentioned little mendicant Carlo Dolci on the pavement in crayons, is very difficult to harden oneself and is well known to the sailor with no against. The same may be said of the legs, who unrolls a painting of a shipwoful elderly beggar, who addresses you wreck and stretches it out by his side, only for a moment, on a wet night, just close to that blank-wall on the wrong turning half round as you pass, and side of Oxford-street, which communiuttering one or two spiritless and broken cates by gates with Hanover-square. words, abandoning his suit directly if it From these particular and distinct is not encouraged. Are there any who classifications of the different tribes of read these words, who have gone back beggars, we turn naturally to a considera hundred or two of yards to relieve, ation of the subject in its broader and not so much the beggar himself, as that more general aspects. more importunate mendicant who was In England, a beggar is always pulling and dragging at the softer fibres religious, and nearly always clean. of their hearts, pleading the cause of Besides the hymns which we have seen that drenched and lonely old man that our Indian beggar is fond of Somehow I cannot class this sort of retailing, there are little tracts which beggar with the rest, nor steel myself such personages commonly have on sale, entirely against his claims.

and which, purporting to interest you in But, in revenge, against the spouting a dramatic story, soon make a digression beggar I can harden myself with ease. into more theological matters, revealing This is he who, advancing with slow how wonderfully a certain innocent a furtive manner as a means of ascer- sitive man should, I discovered that taining what amount of sensation he is they were simply staring at a tall and making. He generally finds, when he stylishly-dressed gentleman, who was permits himself this relaxation, that a standing with his hat of, and his back good-natured wench, who has been sent against a wall, and a pasteboard inscripout to buy vegetables, is standing look. tion upon his breast, stating his claims ing back at him, regardless of the knocks to the consideration of the benevolent. she gets from the passers-by ; so his Surely I was right in saying that it is eyes quickly return once more to the only now that the silent beggar has pavement, and presently a penny is reached the perfection of his developthrust into his hand, and the good- ment, for this gentleman was attired in natured wench goes on her way with a a symmetrical and highly prosperouspurse just so much the lighter for her looking suit of black, wore a pair of kid misdirected mercy.

gloves, which fitted so perfectly, that it Sometimes the silent beggar holds in his must have been a serious matter to get clasped hands a lucifer-match box, some them on, and carried a jaunty Malacca times a very thin account book, and two cane in one of his hands. It really is sticks of sealing-wax, which objects are scarcely too much to suppose after this, understood to be offered for public pur- that we shall, in good time, have a silent chase, in case the tide of commercial beggar reining up his curricle by the enterprise should set in such directions. side of the footway, and holding in a Sometimes, again, the silent beggar is fiery “high-stepper” with one hand, seen with a desperately clean wife, and while he stretches out a hat with the even occasionally a raw-looking little other. A beggar with gloves ! a beggar girl, by his side, all three quietly con- with a Malacca cane! Allah is good ; templating the pavement, except, in- but what shall we hear of next? deed, when the infant mendicant, with I suppose that it is to this school of the volatile habits of childhood, will the silent beggars that the Indian, who sometimes look cheerfully about at the crouches on one knee, and hides his different objects in her neighbourhood, villanous face as well as he can with his in which case, however, she is speedily hands, legitimately belongs ; for he brought to order by means of severe never speaks, though he will shiver and knuckle correction between the shoulder- chatter with his teeth by the hour togeblades.

ther. He, too, has his claims to our I have always regarded the silent regard written out in large text, and, beggar with immense dislike and sus- placed before him, an autobiographical picion, believing him to be a terrific notice, from which we may generally savage in his family, and a wild and gather that he has been very ill-used, is violent reveller in the dark slums of himself immaculate, and is, as indeed London, out of business hours. But are all his tribe, an eminently Christian what was the mendicant of this order character. So much is this the case formerly, to what he is ‘now? The with our Indian teeth-chatterer, that he silent beggar has always been in the is sometimes found with a collection of habit of cultivating a neat and highly hymns, printed on single sheets of paper, respectable exterior, and he has been trembling in his hands, and which, in also found at intervals with a written his religious ardour, he is ready to supply placard hung round his neck, or placed to the public at the rate of one penny before him on the pavement, where he per sheet. This intolerable impostor, reads it upside down all the day long. who, with his active, muscular figure, But now the silent beggar has gone a could get up and beat Deerfoot at a runstep farther; and it was only the other ning-match if he chose, will crouch and day that, seeing a considerable group of shiver all day long for a livelihood, and persons assembled in Trafalgar Square, a very good thing he makes of it; our

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