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vations on, 239; Courts, cannot de fied by the governments of the States,
cide political questions, speaks un but by the people, 138; two or more
der the law and cannot make it, 431; peoples cannot be united for specific
Cousin, Lectures on the true, beau purposes, without becoming as to
tiful and good, 517; Cowper's works those purposes one people, 139; legis-
by Southey, notice of, 535; Crom latures bad not the power to ratify,
well, Oliver, by Guizot,

269

143 ; legislatures have no power to
D.

grant powers to the people, 144;
DEMOCRACY, much corrupted by foreign Political philosophy of, 37; Natural

additions to our population, 435; state of man, 38; must be different
DeQuincey's, Philosophical writer, for different people, 64; General
and other men of letters, character of, Government neither admits or ope-
243; Dietetics of the soul, 525; Di rates on the numerical principle, has
vorce, See marriage and divorce, 332; no right of suffrage, 394; General
Dorr, his case, 430; Dumas, Forres Government. See Government and
ter's notice of,

258 Political Elements, 383; Opinions as
E.

to sovereignty of the people, 392, 407;
ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT AND VICE Grace Greenwood-Haps and mishaps.

PRESIDENT to be appointed not elected Slight and fall of superlatives, and
by the States, 416; Elements, the sometimes ludicrous raptures, 242;
States constitute the elements of Guizot-his Cromwell,

269
which the Union is composed and

II.
legal voters constitute the elements of HARPER'S MAGAZINE. Inimical to the
the State governments; Negro's con South, 503 ; false in their profes-
stitute no element, 348, 415, 428 ; sions, 503 ; abusive terms of the
Eternal, dispute as to the word, 521; South, 509 ; Hentz, Mrs., Planter's
European, Reviews,

256 Northern Bride, 255; Gazetteer of
F.

the World, 534; Iligher Law. De-
FETICHES, of the Africans, 75; Fields, rived from the doctrine of the sover-

James, Poems of, 236; Footprints of eignty of the people, 413; same as
famous men, 524; Forsyth, William, Lynch law, ib. Hosmer's Poems, no-
Napoleon at St. Helena, 97; French tice of, 265. Hugenots, see history
Protestants, History of the Refugees of French refugees, 223; Human
by Charles Weiss, 233; Forrest, Wil race, unity denied and duenity con-
liam, Sketches of Norfolk and Ports tended for, 274. Hunter, Mr., speech
mouth, Virginia, 249; Frost, John, of, 260,
Heroic women of the west, 253;

I.
Florida, East, her lands and agricul- InguLPH'S CHRONICLES OF CROYLAND
tural productions, 304; Farmer's ABBEY, 515 ; India, Caffer's account
manual,

304 of, 241; their cotton decreasing, 241;
G.

Iron Corsair, by Mary Clarke, 528.
GIBBON'S ROME, Edition by Bohn, 254 ;

J.
Gervinus, Professor at Heidelburg, Johnson, Chem. of Common Life, 257
mistake as to American institutions,

K.
393; German Literature, Handbook Keith, Mr., Speech of, 261 ; Keps, Cat-
of, 257 ; Gliddon, George R., Types acombs of Rome, 536; Kennedy, Mr.,
of mankind, 274; Government, con his Rob of the Bowl, 269; Knout
stitutes sovereignty, 383; of the U. S. and the Russians, by Laguay, 535.
formed by the government of the

L.
States and represents the States and Law School, by Mr. Bellinger, Colum-
not a people, 411; Mr. Walker's Tract bia, S. C., 259 ; Legislature of the
on, 121;

Mr. Walker defended States. May do whatever is neces-
against Mr. Rhett, 122 ; Issues be sary for welfare or safety of the
tween them, 122; Doctrine of the States, 411; Les Savanes, par Adrien
general welfare discussed, 123; no Roquette de la Louisiane, 167; Lew-
remedy for construction amend es, G. K., exposition of Comte's
ment of the Constitution, 131 ; Con Philosophic Position, 240; London,
stitution gives the power, 136; not sauntering about, by Schlesaiger,
remitted to enumerated powers, 137 ; 251; Lockwood, Scenery, 259 ; Lowe,
government, partly federal, partly Sir Hudson, conduct of at St. IIele-
national, 137; Constitution not rati na, 97; Luther, life of, 250.

M.
M’DOUGALL, J. C., speech, 532; Mose-

ly, Joseph, political elements, 383 ;
Maritime Conference, held at Brus-
sells. Part of Lt. Maury in it, 240.
Martineau, Miss, retrospect of wes-
tern travel, 355 ; Marriage and Di-
vorce discussed, 332; Masantes, Se-
nor don Augustin, Farmer's Manual
or Compendium of East Florida, 304;
Maurice, Theological Essay, 256 ;
Mowatt, Mrs., Autobiography, 251;
Maury, Lieut., private worth and
public usefulness, 240 ; sailing di-
rections, 257; Merivale, Romans un-
der the empire, 1 ; history tedious
and unsatisfactory-an incompetent
man, 2 ; Mechanic Arts, influence of,
524; Meek, report on Education, 262;
Moore, Thomas, notes from letters to
Powers, 520 ; Menciuach, or life at
the Loom, 257; Melbourne, Islands,
264 ; Mudia, feathered tribes of Ba-
lisle Island, 519; Mormons, and
Utah, 525; Moore, memoirs of,
by Lord John Russell, 254; Message
and documents of prest. U. S, 528;
Military Academies of South Caro-
lina, account of, 191.

N.
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, treatment by

Sir Hudson Lowe. Forsyth's ac-
count of him at St. Helena reviewed ;
his treatment, 97; imprisonment ne-
cessary, but in many circumstances,
treatment impolitic, cruel and bitter,
104; Napoleon, Louis, and Augustus
Cæsar: their fortunes and conduct
compared, p. 1; acts the same; 6,
each had his uncle; 5 and 6, their
antecedents; 11, character of Au-
gustus; 11, character of Louis, 27.
Necessity, basis of all law, 394-413.
Navy, improvement of, speech of Mr.
Malloy, 528. Negro, different race
from white man, 273. Newton, Hon.
W., address of, 268. New Novels,
527. Norfolk, sketches of, 249.
Nott, Dr. Josiah C., Types of Man-
kind, 274. Norton, Mrs., Sorrows of
Rosalie, 550.

0.
ORATOR's touchstone, 516; Orr, Mr., re-

port on the Indians, 517; Otei, Har-
rison Grey, notice of his Barclay's of
Boston, 253.

P.
PERIODICALS, Northern against the

South, 503; Partington, Mrs., Carpet
Bag of Fun, 262; Passion Flowers,
180; Petrurch's Laura; real person,

459; birth place, 464; her character
considered, 467. Petersburg, Libra-
ry association, 271 ; Philippines, for-
ty years in, 518; Philosophy, posi-
tive of Comte, 240; Planter's North-
ern Bride, by Mrs. Hentz, 255; Poe-
try of Science, by Hunt, 574; Po-
lygamy, to what extent allowed in
Africa, 88. Political Elements : the
government sovereign and not the peo-
ple, 383; Rousseau first suggested
the idea of sovereignty of the peo-
ple, 385; the supreme power is the
sovereign, 384 ; lynch law and the
higher law, faults of the doctrine of
the sovereignty of the people, ib. ;
all men not equal, 385; general gov-
ernment by the State governments,
and is a confederacy, and not a con-
solidated government, 397, 43; alle-
giance what and to whom due, 401,
402; miserable theories of Rosseau,
385 ; control social, 383; Jeremy
Bautham's opinion, 385; Mr. Guizot's,
392, 407 ; mistake of Gervinus, 393;
power is derived from the people, but
sovereignty is in government, 384 ;
representatives, officers not servants,
401; servants should be in livery,
401 ; powers of State and general
government, 401 ; confederacy what,
403; Alexander Hamilton's opinion,
404-420 ; Federalist, 420 ; Judge
Tucker's mistakes, 405 ; we the peo-
ple, means the States, 404 ; sover-
eignty of the State above the sover-
eignty of the people, 406 ; danger of
majority principle, 407 ; Legislature
may do whatever is for the welfare
and safety of the State, 411; gener-
al government established by the go-
vernments of the States, and repre-
sents the States and not a people,
411; the people and State the same,
411; Convention in England and here
different, 413 ; Convention no more
the people than the legislature, 424;
must always be called by the legisla-
ture, 413; union does not mean con-
solidation, 421 ; Marshall's opinion,
424-429; Rhode Island case, 420 ;
courts cannot decide as to political
powers, but only cases under the law,
quo diare, non facere, 431 ; States ele-
ments of the Union, and voters ele-
ments of the State, 428. POLITICAL
PullOSOPHY OF SOUTH CAROLINA :
civil society, what ? 37-471 ; what is
the state of nature? 38; civilization
as natural as the savage state, 38;
whatever is natural may be said to

be a state of nature-society natural saunterings about London, 254; Sel-
to man, and when born in society, borne, natural history of, 256; Sem-
may be said to be born in a state of lam, poems by, 522; Servia, by
nature, 39; power of government ne Raube, 253; Smith's History of
cessary to existence of society, 39; Greece, 526 ; Shelford, Leonard, trea-
man cannot be left to his self-govern tise on marriage and divorce, 332;
ment, 40; Origin and use of govern Shelton's Crystalline, 524; Slaves,
ment, 40; must be progressive, 40; na proportion to the free in Africa, 83;
tional liberty, what ? 41; what liber Slave Trade, kept open by constitu-
ty consistent with society, 41 ; liber tion till 1808, by express contract,
ty must be earned, 42; depends on for a consideration, between North
the people, 43 ; civil liberty, what ? and South, 415; Socrates, Scholas-
44-45-48; natural inequality, 49 ; tious, comprising history of the
admitted by Jefferson, notwithstand Church, 251 ; South, prospects and
ing his Declaration of Independence, policy, 431; Why difference in pro-
49; governments must be different gress North and South, 435; Her ex-
for different people, 64; schools of istence depends on slavery, 436; Her
politics, 474; Aristotle's, 476; Hobbe's produce the great element of foreign
idea of social compact, 480; the peo commerce, 436; Sovereignty, what
ple and State, the same, 490 ; sover constitutes it, 383, 406, 411; Strick-
eignty, what ? 499; its divisibility, land, Queens of Scotland, &c., 519;
502. Pope, poetical works of, 249. Student of art in Munich, 261; Sum-
Porter, Hon. W. D., oration of 271. ner, Charles, with Wendell Philips,
Portsmouth, sketches of, 249. Put Theo. Parker, &c., constables under
nam's New Monthly : Inimical to the higher law, or Lynch law, 413.
South, 503 ; free soil, 505 ; abuse of

T.
the South, 509; self-respect not to TASTE, PHYSIOLOGY OF, 251; Temper-
take it, 510.

ance Convencion, World's, 530; Tho-
Q.

mas, Caroline, Farmingdale, 525 ;
QUEENS OF ENGLAND, romantic inci Thorpe, Ilive of the Bee Hunter, 525;
dents, 261.

Tranchere, narrative, 529; Trollope,
R.

Mrs., domestic manners of the Ameri-
REPORT of the Secretary of the Trea cans, 355 ; Turks, year with, 263;

sury for 1853, valuable for historical Types of Mankind, by Nott and Glid-
matter, and statement relative to the don, notice of, 270.
fisheries-historical facts collected by

U.
Mr. Sabine, authority not the best, UNITY OF THE HUMAN RACE contested,
239; Raube's account of Servia, 253; 273; Opinions of various writers, 275.
Representatives, officers or trustees,

V.
not servants, 401; Representative VIRGINIA, NOTES ON, by Jefferson, new
Government, essentially responsible, edition, notice of, 242; Vathek, by
409; Does not admit the doctrine of Beckford, 252.
the majority, but is governed by the

W.
constitution and laws, 409; Rhode WALKER, Mr., his tract on government
Island, case of Dorr; no convention to and peculiar opinions, 122 to 139;
alter constitution can be held in a State Ward, Matthew F., trial of, 520;
without the consent of the State gov Washington, H. A., Virginia consti-
ernment, 430; no change can be con tution, 524; Wiess, Charles, history
stitutionally made in a State govern of French refugees, 233; We the
ment without the consent of the gov people, meaning of, in U. S. constitu-
ernment, 430; political question, and tion, 401; White's historical collec-
not one for the courts, 430; Report on tion of Georgia, 272 ; Wilkinson, Sir
Schools, 527; Rob of the Bowl, by S. Gardner, ancient Egyptians, 535 ;
Kennedy, 269; Rousseau, absurd and Willis' Home Journal, 355; Women,
mischievous theories, 385; Russia as heroic, of the West, 253; Working
it is, by Gurowski, 268.

man's way in the World, notice of, 248.
S.

Y.
SABINE, LORENZO, his prejudices and YOUNG VOYAGEURS, attractive to youth,

local bigotry, 239; Savanie, physi 243.
ology of taste, 251; Schlescugio,

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ART. 1.-NAPOLEON III. AND AUGUSTUS CÆSAR. 1. Napoleon III. sein Leben und Wirken nach authentischen

Quellen dargestellt. Von L. WESCHE. 1854. 2. History of the Romans under the Empire. By Ch.

MERIVALE, B.D., late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge. Vol. III. London: Longman, Brown, Green & Longman. 1851.

Candour compels us to commence this article with the unusual declaration that we have not seen the work which is placed first in our rubric. It is not yet published, while we are writing these lines. It has only been announced as about to appear in Germany towards the close of January; and, if it were necessary for our purpose to wait till its publication, a month or six weeks might elapse before it could reach our hands; and some time longer before we could appropriate and appreciate its contents. The favourable report which heralds its issue may render us anxious to see, and perhaps to notice it, at some future time; but, at present, we have sufficient materials for our contemplated purpose of instituting a loose comparison between the second Emperor of the house of Napoleon, who has actually occupied the French throne, and the second Imperial Cæsar. All the service that we require from M. Wesche's book is limited to the convenient use of its title.

1

VOL. IX-NO. XIX.

We shall not avail ourselves to a much larger extent of Mr. Merivale's history, whose third volume, devoted to the earlier biography of Augustus, was published, by a happy coincidence, almost contemporaneously with Louis Napoleon's successful manœuvres to convert his presidency into an imperial crown. We are no great admirers of Mr. Merivale's labours ; they are the pains-taking, tedious and unsatisfactory production of an incompetent man; and it is greatly to be regretted that a magnificent subject should have been engrossed by one who had little conception of its magnitude, and less of the requirements essential to its proper treatment. His book may, therefore, stand at the portal to symbolize, but scarcely to aid or direct the investigation on which we propose to enter.

Historical parallels are never either exact or complete. In their application they require a large and liberal discernment, a careful appreciation of important differences, and a cautious elimination of purely accidental similarities, before any solid instruction can be derived from their use. The characteristic principle of Leibnitz, relative to the identity of indiscernibles, is much more appropriate to the problems of history, than to the recondite mysteries of physical and metaphysical research. There may be atoms and monads which have a separate existence, while their essence is undistinguishably the same; but it is highly probable, if not altogether certain, that no two periods of the world's progress-no two phases of humanity--exactly correspond in all respects; and that no two individuals have ever lived, who were the perfect counterfeits of each other in all their characteristics, physical, mental, moral and accidental. There may be Dromios so closely assimilated to each other in external appearance, as to deceive the eyes of those noi accustomed, by daily intercourse, to discriminate between them. Of such we have five pair, at least, in the Comedy of Greece, Rome, France and England, though they seem to be merely the successive avatars of the same original twins. We have ourselves met with three pair of the kind in life. But, even in such instances as these, the similars will invariably pre

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