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23. By direction of the War-office, the Park and Tower guns are fired to celebrate the receipt of the news from India and China. The same news was received at Liverpool with firing of guns and ringing of bells. In the manufacturing districts the intelligence gave a marked stimulus to trade.
Dec. 3. The bombardment of Barcelona from the fort of Montjuich commences, and after continuing for fifteen hours, is suspended, and the authorities are called upon to surrender. In the morning the inhabitants elect a new junta, the revolutionary factions are disarmed, and Van Halen is informed that his troops can enter the city.
5. Mr. Howard, the attorney, obtains a verdict, with 1007. damages, against Sir Wm. Gossett and other officers of the House of Commons, for a trespass committed in breaking open his house in search for him.
10. Death of Lord Hill, the commander-in-chief, aged 71.
20. The Moniteur' announces officially that Rear-Admiral DupetitThouars had taken possession of the Marquesas Islands in the name of the King of the French.
27. A meeting, at this time called "a great Repeal meeting," held at Ennis, although the number of persons present did not exceed seven or eight thousand. Resolutions were passed in favour of repeal, and fixity of tenure, and condemning the new poor law.
1843. Jan. 3. Espartero dissolves the Spanish Cortes, which are to meet in April.
9. At the weekly meeting of the Repeal Association Mr. O'Connell announces that "1843 is and shall be the great repeal year." In a letter to the people of Ireland he enumerates five great measures which are to combine all Irishmen in the struggle for accomplishing this prophecy-1. The total abolition of the tithe rent-charge. 2. Fixity of tenure for the occupying tenants. 3. The encouragement and perfecting of Irish manufactures. 4. Complete suffrage and vote by ballot. 5. Abolition of the present poor law and augmentation of well-regulated charitable institutions.
20. Mr. Edward Drummond, private secretary to Sir Robert Peel, shot at Charing-cross, about four o'clock in the afternoon, by a man named M'Naughten. The ball entered behind, near the inferior angle of the shoulder-blade. The assassin drew another pistol, when he was arrested. Mr. Drummond died on the following Wednesday, the 24th, at seven o'clock in the morning.
26. One of the largest non-political meetings ever held in Dublin, to consider the propriety of erecting a testimonial to Father Mathew, whose exertions in the cause of temperance are so well known. The Duke of Leinster in the chair.
Feb. 8. An earthquake in the West Indies, by which Point-à-Pitre, in the French island of Guadaloupe, was entirely destroyed. The shock was severely felt at Antigua and Martinique; but, with the exception of Antigua, the visitation passed lightly over other British islands.
17. A severe action between the British troops under Sir Charles Napier and the forces of the Ameers of Scinde, when the latter were defeated; and on the next day the Ameers surrendered themselves prisoners of war. The Ameers had signed a treaty with the British on the 14th, and on the following day they treacherously attacked the residence of the British Commissioners with a large force. On the 20th the British occupied Hyderabad, the capital. Subsequently the Governor-General annexed Scinde to the British empire.
22. At a general Court of the Proprietors of University College, it is stated that the number of pupils in the session of 1841-42 was 886; of whom 336 were students in medicine, 155 in the arts, and 395 were pupils in the
junior school. The receipts from students were 12,756., of which 36757. accrued to the college; and the year's income from other sources was 40397. 22. About the end of the month the newspapers 66 announce an insurrectionary movement," as it is called, in Wales. A leader appears in woman's clothes, surrounded however by others dressed as women, "Rebecca's daughters," with a number of men undisguised, and they break down the toll and turnpike gates. The leaders are well mounted; and their movements are so ubiquitous that neither troops, yeomanry, nor police, who have been on the alert, are able to arrest any of them.
Espartero, at the instance of the French Government, yielding to necessity, disavowed the charges against Lesseps, the French consul, who, it was alleged, took an active part in promoting the insurrection at Barcelona. A bill is introduced into the senate of the United States by Mr. Linn, to make provision for the occupation of the Oregon territory, which was carried.
March 3. Five waggons and a cart, conveying Chinese silver to the value, it is said, of 1,000,0007. sterling, entered the Mint, escorted by troops and followed by a large crowd.
4. The trial of M'Naughten at the Central Criminal Court for shooting Mr. Drummond concluded, after having continued two days. The jury found him "Not Guilty, on the ground of insanity;" and in a few days afterwards he was removed to Bethlem Hospital.
15. The Anti-Corn Law League commence a series of weekly meetings at Drury Lane Theatre.
17. A comet, or supposed comet, become visible in our hemisphere. Sir John Herschel, writing on the 19th of March, gives the following account of this phenomenon:-"Its tail, for such I cannot doubt it to be, was conspicuously visible, both last night and the night before, as a vivid luminous streak, commencing close beneath the stars Kappa and Lambda Leporis, and thence stretching obliquely westwards and downwards, between Gamma and Delta Eridani, till lost in the vapours of the horizon. The direction of it, prolonged on a celestial globe, passes precisely through the place of the Sun in the Ecliptic at the present time; a circumstance which appears conclusive as to its cometic nature. As the portion of the tail actually visible on Friday evening was fully 30 degrees in length, and the head must have been beneath the horizon, which would add at least 25 degrees to the length, it is evident that, if really a comet, it is one of first-rate magnitude; and if it be not one, it is some phænomenon beyond the earth's atmosphere of a nature even yet more remarkable.-Eight P. M.: The tail of the comet, for such it must now assuredly be, is again visible, though much obscured by haze, and holding very nearly the same position." The comet was seen in the United States, the East Indies, New Zealand, &c.
22. A motion to abrogate the vote by ballot in the French Chamber of Deputies negatived by 201 to 193.
25. The Thames Tunnel opened throughout for foot-passengers.
April 3. The Spanish Cortes opened. The opposition, consisting of Carlists, Christinos, and republicans, disqualified the ministerial candidate for the presidentship, on the ground of illegal practices at his election for Badajoz, on which the ministry resigned. On the 10th of May the Lopez ministry was formed. In consequence of their insulting demands they were dismissed by the Regent; and on the 26th of May the Cortes was dissolved.
10. At the weekly meeting of the Repeal Association, Mr. Thomas Steel states that he has been appointed by the Liberator to go from one end of America to the other to agitate the question of repeal.
21. The Duke of Sussex died this day at noon, at Kensington Palace, in
his 74th year. On May 2nd and 3rd the body lay in state; and on the 4th the funeral took place at Kensal Green Cemetery, which his royal highness had chosen as his last resting-place.
25. Her Majesty gave birth to a princess at four o'clock this morning.
May 7. A great meeting of the Irish Repealers on the Curragh of Kildare is spoken of as the largest assembly in Ireland since the visit of George IV., and may be considered as the first of the "monster" meetings.
11. Sir William Heygate elected chamberlain of the City of London, after a contest with Sir John Pirie, who resigned.
13. Serious frauds discovered in the Custom-house department.
18. At the opening of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland the secession of the Non-intrusion members took place. The seceders are about four hundred in number, or one-third of the establishment.
Death of Sir Charles Bagot, late Governor-general of Canada, at Kingston.
25. Disturbances at Malaga in consequence of the dismissal of Lopez and his cabinet. In Catalonia symptoms of hostility to the government of the Regent appear. Early in June the insurrection begins to spread.
30. A deputation of eighty noblemen and gentlemen present an address to Lord Morpeth, bearing the signatures of 38,674 of his friends and supporters in the West-Riding of Yorkshire.
Towards the end of this month the crusade of "Rebecca and her daughters" against toll-gates in Wales increases in activity and audacity.
Numerous meetings are held during April and May to oppose the Factories Education Bill.
Natal is annexed to the colony of the Cape of Good Hope.
Dr. Pusey's sermon, charged with containing opinions contrary to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England, condemned by a University Board without reason assigned. The Vice-chancellor refuses to comply with an address, signed by resident members of convocation and bachelors of civil law, requesting him to make known the ground of the sentence on Dr. Pusey.
June 1. The new Post-office arrangements between this country and France come into operation.
4. The Rhadamanthus steamer, with four companies of the 61st, suddenly arrives at Waterford, having been dispatched from Dublin under the impression that an insurrection had broken out. The Repeal rent this week. amounted to 9047., a larger sum than any yet received. In the week following the rent reached 17171.
11. Through the corruption of some of the troops the revolutionary junta is re-established at Barcelona; but the citadel, which commands the town, is held by Colonel Echabeau for the Regent's government. The example of Barcelona in " pronouncing" against the Regent is followed between the 18th and 25th of the present month by Corunna, Seville, Burgos, Santiago, Cadiz, and a number of other places. Espartero left Madrid with 8000 men for the scene of insurrection.
19. The completion of a memorial to Hampden, erected on Chalgrove field where he fell, on the 18th June, 1643, was celebrated this day (Monday). 27. Mr. Murray, the eminent publisher of Albemarle-street, died, in his 65th year.
28. The Oxford Convocation, amid a scene of the utmost tumult, conferred the degree of Doctor of Civil Law on Mr. Everett, the American ambassador; the dissentients alleging that Mr. Everett was at one time a Unitarian minister.
July 1. The Repeal rent amounted to 24957.
3. The prizes offered by the Royal Commission for Cartoons for the deco
`rations of the new Houses of Parliament having been awarded, Westminster Hall, where they had been placed, is opened to the public, for the first week at a small charge, and afterwards gratuitously.
23. The insurrection in Spain completely successful. On the 15th Narvaez arrived in the neighbourhood of the capital, which he summoned to surrender. On the 17th he withdrew to meet and attack the troops of the government under Zurbano and Seoane; and on the 22nd they engaged for about a quarter of an hour, when both armies" fraternized," that is, the government troops deserted in a body. On this the municipality of Madrid determined to surrender the capital, and Narvaez marched in on the 23rd. The Lopez ministry was immediately re-constituted. Nothing was known at the time of the movements of the Regent; but it afterwards appeared that he was making his way to Cadiz, and on the 21st he was bombarding Seville. The siege was raised on the night of the 27th; and on the previous night, with an escort of 300 or 400 cavalry, Espartero started for Cadiz, where he embarked on board Her Majesty's ship Malabar. Before the Malabar sailed for Lisbon he issued an address to the Spanish nation. On reaching Lisbon the Portuguese government refused him permission to land. On the 16th of August the new Spanish government deprived Espartero, and those who signed his protest, of their titles, ranks, orders, and decorations.
25. Mr. Bright, one of the Society of Friends, and a leading member of the Anti-Corn Law League, returned for Durham. At the close of the poll the numbers were, for Mr. Bright 488, Mr. Purvis 410.
Carmarthenshire, and the southern mining and manufacturing districts, become the seat of disorders, which were at first confined to the rural dis tricts on the borders of Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire. The followers of" Rebecca" are still more active in destroying turnpike-gates, and more skilful in eluding the vigilance of the military and police, appearing in large bodies at given signals, the flight of a rocket, or bonfires on the hills, and disappearing with singular alacrity.
Aug. 22. One of the greatest Repeal meetings yet held, took place on the hill of Tara, the traditionary abode of Irish royalty.
23. Espartero and a number of Spanish noblemen and gentlemen arrive in London. The reception of the ex-regent by the English Government was marked by great sympathy and respect: the Duke of Wellington, the Earl of Aberdeen, Sir R. Peel, Lord Palmerston, and a number of persons of distinction called upon him the day after his arrival. On the 26th he paid his respects to her Majesty at Windsor.
26. Great fire at Kingston, Jamaica; four hundred houses burned down, and the loss of property is roughly estimated at 250,000l.
28. The King of the French with several members of his family (ten in number), including the young Count de Paris, were threatened with a fatal accident while taking an airing in a char-à-banc. A feu-de-joie from the villagers of Tréport frightened the horses, which plunged while passing a draw-bridge, and the leaders sprung over the bridge, breaking the chains in their course and dragging a third horse after them, while the wheels of the carriage were within two or three inches of the edge of the bridge.
The Queen and Prince Albert embarked at Southampton on board the royal yacht, on a marine excursion. After landing at the Isle of Wight, Devonport, and passing round Falmouth harbour in a barge, the party returned to the royal yacht, and, accompanied by a fleet of war-steamers, struck off for the opposite coast of France, to fulfil the promised visit to the King of the French at the Château d'Eu. Her Majesty and the Prince landed on Saturday the 2nd of September, and were received in the most friendly and affectionate manner by the Orleans family; his majesty Louis
Philippe being especially cordial in his reception of his illustrious guests. Sunday was passed in quietness, but the three following days were occupied by fêtes in the forest, concerts, and other entertainments; and on Thursday morning, September 7, her Majesty re-embarked, and landed at Brighton on the same afternoon.
29. A re-action against the new government at Madrid burst out into overt acts. The regiment del Principe revolted, the complaint being that Narvaez, who had gained the army by promising to grant discharges to those who had served a certain period, and to advance the non-commissioned officers a grade, had not fulfilled the obligation. He prevailed upon the regiment to lay down their arms, and being supported by a large force, the disarmed soldiers were locked up in separate divisions. After this he was about to draw out every fifth man to be immediately shot, but was prevailed upon to select twelve ringleaders instead, eight of whom were shot.
Sicily, Naples, Piedmont, and the States of the Church agitated by the serious and extensive spread of an insurgent spirit, which, in a few cases,
broke out into overt acts.
The first Irish court of Repeal Arbitrators was opened at Blackrock. Father Mathew, the great promoter of temperance, during a visit of a few weeks in the metropolis, administered the temperance pledge to 74,000 persons.
Sept. 1. The Court of Common Council vote an address to Espartero, which was presented at a banquet given to him by the Lord Mayor at the
3. Barcelona declares itself against the new government, and is fired upon from the citadel of Montjuich.
6. Captain J. C. Ross returns from his expedition to the South Pole. 7. A meeting held at the Crown and Anchor, for the purpose of raising a subscription to send out the Rev. Dr. Wolff to Bokhara, to ascertain the fate of Colonel Stoddart and Captain Conolly.
10. The Rebecca outrages have degenerated into incendiarism, and a poor old woman, the keeper of a toll-gate, has been murdered.
At a great Repeal meeting, Mr. O'Connell promised he would have his Protection Society of Three Hundred sitting before Christmas, and "I hope," he said, " to be able to give you, as a New Year's Gift, a parliament in College Green."
13. Her Majesty and Prince Albert left Brighton in the royal yacht for Ostend, on a visit to the King of the Belgians. After visiting Bruges, Ghent, Ostend, Brussels, and Antwerp, the royal party re-embarked on Wednesday, and landed at Woolwich on the 21st.
14. A bloodless revolution happily consummated at Athens, the object being the convocation of a national convention, in order to a final arrangement of the constitution, to secure ministerial responsibility and national representation.
15. The Maharajah Shere Singh, ruler of the Punjab, his sons, and their wives and children, assassinated at the instigation of Dhyan Singh, the prime minister, who was himself afterwards murdered. This revolutionary movement is expected to lead to British intervention.
28. The Anti-Corn Law League resumed its metropolitan agitation, by commencing the first of a series of monthly meetings in Covent Garden Theatre. A report of the past year's proceedings was read, from which it appeared that the receipts had been 50,2907., and the expenditure 47,814. The League had distributed 9,826,000 tracts, weighing upwards of 100 tons, to 237,000 electors in 24 counties, and 259,226 electors in 187 boroughs; in all, to 496,226 electors. During the year deputations from the League had visited betwixt twenty and thirty counties, and