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there should, when there is not a nation proves that the author of the book of Jo. in the world whose annals reach this æra shua believed the fact, and that the people by many hundred years? It happens, how- of Israel admitted the authority of the ever, that you are probably mistaken as to book of Jasher. An appeal to a fabulous the fact: á confused tradition concerning book would have been as senseless an inthis miracle, and a similar one in the time sult upon their understanding, as it would of Abaz, when the sun went back ten de- bave been upon ours, had Rapin appealed grees, bas been preserved amongst one to the Arabian Night's Entertainment, as a of the most ancient nations, as we are in proof of the battle of Hastings.” formed by one of the most ancient histo. Mr. J. recommends to his elevé, rians. Herodotus, in his Euterpe, speak. ing of the Egyptian priests, says=They throughout the article, a part only told me that the sun had four times devi. of which we have quoted, a spirit ated from his course, having twice risen of self sufficiency. To this most wbere he uniformly goes down, and twice youth are of themselves suffigone down where he uniformly rises. ciently prone ; it has ruined them tion in the climate of Egypt; the fruits of by thousands; and it far oftener the earth and the phenomena of the Nile needs a rein than a spur. On all had always been the same.'(Beloe's Tran.) subjects, he advises his pupil to The last part of this observation confirms bring the reasonings and concluthe conjecture, that this account of the sions of men of the first Egyptian priests bad a reference to the
powers two miracles respecting the sun mention. attainments to the bar of his own ed in scripture; for they were not of that judgment, to pronounce on them at kind which could introduce any change once, if we understand him, a senin climates or seasons. You would have tence of approbation or rejection, this miracle as a fine piece of poetical ima and to act accordingly. Do we then gery;—you may have seen some Jewish say that youth should not be encoudoctors, and some Christian commenta- raged and exhorted to endeavour to tors, who consider it as such; but impro- form decisions of their own? Far perly in my opinion. I think it idle at
from it-They ought to be earnestleast, if not impious, to undertake to explain how the miracle was performed; ly counselled to examine
every but one who is not able to explain the portant subject with closeness, care mode of doing a thing, argues ill if he and diligence, that in due time they thence infers that the thing was not done. may make up for themselves a sound We are perfectly ignorant how the sun was formed, how the planets were project.
and steadfast opinion; and in the ed at the creation, how they are still re
mean time to be modest and retained in their orbits by the power of gra- served; to yield to the advice of the vity; but we admit, notwithstanding, that virtuous and experienced; and althe sun was formed, that the planets were
ways to take the course which apthen projected, and that they are still re. tained in their orbits. The machine of pears to be the safest. Respect for the universe is in the band of God; he the judgment of those who have can stop the motion of any part, or of the lived longer, and seen, and inquirwbole of it, with less trouble and less dar- ed, and thought, a hundred fold ger of injuring it, than you can stop your
more than themselves, should be watch. In testimony of the reality of the
much inculcated. miracle, the author of the book says-Is
Often should not this written in the book of Jasher?" they be cautioned against being car, No author in his senses would have ap. ried away by first impressions and pealed, in proof of his veracity, to a book specious arguments; and reminded which did not exist, or in attestation of a that the time will probably come, fact which, though it did exist, was not recorded in it; we may safely, therefore,
many of their present notions conclude, that, at the time ihe book of will be renounced by themselves, Joshua was written, there was such a book as premature and utterly indefenas the book of Jasher, and that the mira. sible. In this way, we apprehend, cle of the sun's standing still was recorded in that book. But this observation, you
a truly amiable, manly, and digniwill say, does not prove the fact of the fied character is most likely to be sun's having stood still; I have not pro. formed, and just and virtuous prinduced it as a proof of that fact: but it ciples to be so radicated, that no
thing afterwards shall be able to them, we think he must have made blast or shake them. Mr. J. does a wonderful and most fortunate esnot tell us the titles or the authors cape. of the books, which he promises to We shall now proceed to notice send to his young friend; but he in detail Mr. J.'s avowed opinions, intimates that they were in ac as exhibited in this publication, on cordance with the advice that he some of the most important topicks gave; and if both together were not of religion and morals. productive of serious and lasting
(To be continued.) injury to the youth who received
Literary and Philosophical Intelligence, etc.
Arrangement of Water Pipes in Streets. upon the ordinary mode of proceeding, -The effect of temperature upon iron may, from henceforth be avoided.- Le pipes, used for the conveyance of water, Globe. and also some other circumstances, have
African Expedition.-Messrs. Richard been investigated by M. Girard, who has and John Lander, the young men who are arrived at the following conclusions:-1. engaged by the British Government to According to the effect produced by explore the course of the long-sought and change of season and temperature upon long-talked of Niger, and trace that mys. pipes of this metal placed in subterrane- terious river to its source, arrived at ous galleries, they altered in length for Portsmouth from the metropolis yestereach centesimal degree, (1-8 degrees of dry, to embark on board the Alert merFahr.) 0.0000985, a quantity of about 1.9th
chant brig, for the Western Coast of Afriless than it would bave been if they had
Mr. Richard Lander, who, it will be not been confined on their supports by recollected, is the only survivor of all the friction. 2. Although this effect is less
missions of discovery of late years into when the pipes are put in the ground, it Africa, and whose conduct under the lais still sufficient to occasion rupture, leak.
mented Captain Clapperton, has elicited ages, and other unpleasant accidents. 3.
such general and deserved applause, is if'the joints are not made by bolts, but about twenty five years of age, and al. one end of a pipe is inserted into the though rather below than above the midmouth of the next pipe, then the space dle stature, is strongly formed, and looks for the interposed substance should be as
as healthy and vigorous as if he had never small as possible, and the substance one quitted his native shores. Mr. Lander's which swells when in contact with water. brother, who is to be his sole companion 4. The length of the joints should be con in this difficult undertaking, is three years siderable, both to prevent the escape of younger than himself, and is the compiler water and the flexure of the system of of his late “Wanderings in Africa,” which tubes. 5. To insure tightness, the stuff
are on the eve of publication; he is raing should be confined between a ring ther taller than his elder brother, but pos. fixed to the end of the pipe, and a movea
sesses a similar robust frame, and sound ble ring sliding on the tubes. 6. That constitution. Both young men, we have this precaution may be dispensed with by heard, have great resolution, and are anilaying the pipes down in the coldest part mated but by one principle, viz: to enof the season. 7. That pipes put into the deavour to accomplish their arduous task, ground should be supported, at intervals, or perish in the attempt. We sincerely by firm props of masonry, to prevent those wish these enterprising young men that inflexions which otherwise occur, and good fortune which they themselves hope form ruptures. 8. That in large towns it for; and we shall not only take great inis advantageous to place these pipes in terest in their proceedings, but feel cor:subterraneous galleries, either such as are
siderable pleasure in welcoming their safe made on purpose, or else in the sewers.
return to their native shores. 9. That galleries have been tried advantageously for twenty years, and therefore Twenty Arab boys have lately arrived should be resorted to, that those derange at the Central Schools of the British and ments of the pavement and inundations Foreign School Society, Borough road. from broken pipes, which are consequent They were sent over by the Pacha of
Egypt, and are to be educated in the writing; the codicil, on the contrary, English language, and trained as schools written shortly before his death, exbibits masters for opening schools in Egypt. the then weak state of his body.
It is stated in Le Globe, that though the Infant Schools.-We are informed by Mediterranean is constantly receiving the American Sunday School Magazine, from the Atlantick, by the Straits of Gibral. that the Controllers of the publick schools tar, an enormous quantity of salt water, of the city and county of Philadelphia, yet the composition of that sea does not have resolved to adopt Infant Schools as in the least vary, and that it remains appa. a part of the system of publick instrucrently the same as that of the ocean. It is tion. This single act will form a new era supposed that the excess of salt is con- in the history of the publick schools in stantly carried away by a lower counter our country. It is an example worthy to current, which contains much more salt be followed in every other city, and town, than an equal volume of the upper cur. and village, wherever publick provision rent. Some investigations have been is made for elementary schools. We canmade which favour this supposition. Dr. not doubt it will be followed extensively Wollaston having obtained three speci- in New England, as soon as a little more mens of water taken at the greatest depths information is diffused, and the practical to which it was practicable to reach, found benefit is further witnessed. The change that the first two did not exhibit in their should not be so suddenly effected, as to composition any difference from the water introduce unqualified teachers. of the common sea; but the third, taken
Mighty Effects of Steam.-It was men. from a greater depth, (670 fathoms) con
tioned by Professor Renwick, in his lectained a quantity
of salt four times greater ture, in the city of New York, that durthan the water of the surface.
ing the great European struggle, England Gold, for the last 250 years, says Bell's employed about 400,000 persons in and London Messenger, has been continually about steam engines, and that these enrising in value, as compared with silver. gines turned out finished work, equal in An ounce of gold, which was worth only quantity to what the labour of two hunten ounces of silver in the reign of Eliza- dred millions of human beings could have beth, is now worth 164 ounces, at the effected; that is, equal to the sum of the present market price of silver bullion. industry of all the active population of the
It is said that gold is not the sole legal whole globe. tender, at a fixed rate, in any country ex It was through the migbty agency and cept England.
miraculous effects of the steam engine, Sir Humphrey Davy left an estate of that England was enabled to sustain her about 30,000l. In the closing sentence of self triumphantly in that long and terrible his will, in relation to the place of his struggle against the power of Napoleonburial, he expresses his disregard of a par. and that she found the means of stirring ticular spot by these words Natura up and subsidising other nations, until, in curat suas reliquias.”
the language of the lecturer, " the greatThe Wills of Shakspeare, Milton, and ted and overthrown, was obliged to bow
est Captain the world ever saw, discomfit. Napoleon Bonaparte.--It is a singular cir. before the genius of Watt.” cumstance, that the last wills and testaments of the three greatest men of mo
Some idea of the amount of intercourse dern ages are tied up in one sheet of fools- existing between the United States and cap, and may be seen together at Doc. Great Britain, may be formed from the tor's Commons. In the will of the bard of fact, that the sbips Charlemagne and wil. Avon is an interlineation in his own hand. liam Thomson, recently arrived at New writing-"! give unto my wife my brown York from Liverpool, brought over no less best bed, with the furniture.” It is proved than 4,000 letters. by William Byrd, 22d July, 2616. The Captain Croker, of the packet ship Paci. will of the minstrel of Paradise is a nun. fick, has now completed one hundred and cupative one, taken by his daughter, the fifty two passages across the Atlantick, great poet being blind. The will of Na- without having ever met with a serious ac. poleon is signed in a bold style of band. 'cident at sea.
We have heretofore published of missionaries sent to the Sandsome communications from Miss wich Islands. The following letter Ogden, one of the last reinforcement is from her, and we have the pro
mise of more of ler correspondence. berty. On the 11th January, in connexWe give it a place in our pages ion with Amelia, with whom you are by with pleasure, because we think it Sabbath school, which I attend twice, becalculated to give pleasure to all sides going twice to church, about three the friends of missions. It commu- quarters of a mile. There are about thirty nicates not only facts but feelings who attend. The exercises are reading, -the feelings-enviable we think reciting scripture, catechism, and hymns, -of missionaries, amidst all their which are printed in the language. I have
lately introduced Bible questions, comarduous labours and numerous pri- mencing with the creation. I find my vations. It shows us, too, what are friend Amelia a valuable assistant: she their domestick arrangements, and really talks to them very faithfully. There their every day employments; and is a manifest improvement in their out
ward appearance, and I trust that there is this it is gratifying to their friends
one among them who is a serious inquirer to know, and not without use as after truth. A few Sabbaths since, on my well as interest, to the religious return to the afternoon school, I found publick.
this woman in an obscure corner of the house weeping. On inquiring the cause of her sorrow, she told me “that she was
weeping for her sins; that her heart was Waimea Kauai, May 1st, 1829. hewa loa,”(very bad). Her anxious looks
and streaming eyes seemed to say, "What My beloved friends
shall I do to be saved?” and left me no
doubt of her sincerity. I endeavoured, as In my former communication I gave a far as my limited knowledge of the lanparticular account of my situation and guage would admit, to direct her to the prospects, and then expressed myself as Lamb of God, who taketh away the sins perfectly contented, and as happy as I of the world. She expresses much affeccould ask this side of beaven. My dear tion for me, has been one of my week day sister, I wish I could say it with as grateful scholars, and also a constant attendant at a heart as the occasion demands, this is the Sabbath school. still the case. Yes, goodness and mercy The state of things here is assuming a do still follow me, and I have the delight more encouraging aspect. The attend. ful hope that I am not altogether useless. ance at church has generally been good : With the exception of the four weeks on the Sabbath, the house is crowded to mentioned in my last, that I was confined overflowing by attentive hearers.
The at home on account of Mrs. Gulick's ill. Wednesday evening lectures, which were ness, the greatest proportion of my time' thinly attended, except when there was a has been employed in teaching the natives. company to be married, are now also My health is excellent; I have not had any crowded. There is a prayer meeting, thing that could be called sickness since conducted by native members, attended I landed on these shores. Instead of the by what would be called a large congreclimate having a debilitating effect on my gation, on a week day, at home. Mr. system, I think it rather invigorates me. Whitney has lately opened a meeting for I certainly do not feel even that degree of inquiry, which I think will be productive languor which I have frequently expe. of good-considerable feeling is already rienced in our hottest weather in Ame. manifest in it. We have also revived a rica.
female prayer meeting, which, before our That you may have some idea of my la- arrival, bad been given up, but is now inbours, I will give you the regular routine creased to at least 200 persons. The of duties. My school-house is about a members appear to be aroused, and enquarter of a mile from our dwelling. At dued with a spirit of prayer, which we eight in the morning I set out, call at Mr. consider a token for good. At the last Whitney's, and take the children with meeting 70 were admitted, and 48 new me; spend about an hour and a half in names propounded as candidates for ad. giving instruction, then dismiss them, and mission. The manner of proceeding is the horn is blown for my native scholars, this: those who wish to be admitted send who immediately collect, and to whom in their names, which are read over, and the remainder of the morning is devoted. those who are acquainted with the person The morning school is for writing only. answer,“ dole au ike i koua huoa,” (I do In the afternoon I attend to a class in not know any evil of her). If there is no arithmetick, three of whom are chief objection, the person is admitted at the women; this employs my time from two next meeting. The candidates assemble, to half past four, or five, when I am at li. and seat themselves on the outside of the
house, sometimes long before the hour of cover my parasol, which now needs it, meeting, and there wait in the hot sun and is a real favour, as it is an article which with the greatest patience, not presuming cannot well be dispensed with in this to enter until their names are called, when, hot climate. Kaikeowa also supplies us one at a time, they go in and take their with many things nécessary to our comseats, the old members holding up their fort. The Board, too, have it in their bands in token of approbation and cordial power to furnish the mission better than welcome. There are five native females formerly; so that, in temporal things, we who lead in the exercises: they are also shall not suffer as many privations as the faithful in reproving and admonishing sin- first missionaries-still, we are destitute ners. I would not wish to convey the of many things which we once thought idea that all these are anxious inquirers— necessary to our comfort. The want of their attention, however, appears to be society is a privation which every affecawakened to use the means, and we are tionate heart must deeply feel, and we do hoping and praying that they will prove a not enjoy as much of that in each other lasting benefit to their souls. Interesting as you might imagine : eoch one has their accounts have been received from Kaava. own separate occupations which employ loa; the Lord is reviving his work there, their time, and leave but little for social and there is an increasing attention at all intercourse. In this retired station, the the stations. My heart rejoices at the de- arrival of a vessel is almost the only thing lightful prospect. I do think that the that varies the sameness of our life, spirit of God is about to descend in rege Every thing around, too, is barren and nerating influences on these islands. I desolate; particularly so at this time, durfeel a confidence that the many prayers ing the dry season. While you are enjoy. which are ascending for us in our native ing the beauties of reviving nature, we land, will not all be lost. You will proba. have nothing before us but a dry and bly wish to know what progress I am parched plain, varied only by the native making in the language. Though my im- huts, which look more like hay stacks than provement does not keep pace with my any thing else--the ocean on one side, desires, yet I have some reason to be en and a ridge of barren rocks on the otlier, couraged. I have for some time con But it is not in outward circumstances maducted the business of the school with terially to affect our happiness. The ease, and can now understand the preach- Lord's presence can cheer this barren deing tolerably well, and, by making a little sart; and revived and animated by the preparation beforehand, can sometimes hope of doing something to promote his assist in the meetings. I can understand blessed cause, I can be happy even here. the most that is printed in the language, I think of many dear friends, whom I wish but, when I attempt to converse, find it to assure of unabated affection, but it very difficult to get hold of the idiom and would be in vain to undertake to mention pronunciation. To form a sentence, ac
You know whom I love and recording to the idiom of our language, spect-tell them all that I still remember would convey a meaning so entirely dif- them with tenderness and love. Dear, ferent from that intended, and perhaps dear triends, farewell. an erroneous one, that it is necessary to proceed with great caution, on religious subjects. Mr. Gulick has preached seve. ral times, but does not attempt to say much without preparation; and it is
(Continued from page 93.) thought that he is gaining fast. I do not Extract from a Monthly Report of the Rev. feel in the least discouraged. I do not
J. D. Hughes, dated Greensburgh, Beathink the Lord has sent me here without
ver County, Pa. Oct. 27, 1829. designing to render me useful in some “From the date of my last report, Auway; and though my progress may be gust 15th, until the 6th of October, I conslow, yet I trust the time will come, when tinued to labour statedly in the congregamy stammering tongue shall be loosed, tion of Springfield. This report, there. and I shall be enabled to speak freely in fore, embraces a period of one month and the language of this people, " of the won three weeks. During that time, a good derful works of God.” In the mean time, degree of harmony prevailed in the conO blessed privilege! the Throne of Grace gregation, publick worship was well atis accessible, and I can there pour out my tended, and at times there appeared to be desires for the salvation of these precious evidence that the Spirit of the Lord acimmortal souls.
companied the messages of the gospel.
The Sabbath Schools received good at. Amelia continues her kindness : she has tendance from most of the children in the lately presented me with a mourning cali- congregation, and it is believed, were beco dress, a green veil, and silk enough to neficial both to pupils and teachers. ReVol. VIII.-Ch. Adv.