Luther, his vehemence, 328; efforts
for education, 347; view of the
permanence of Christianity, 379.

Lyranus Nicolaus, his Fostittce per-
IKtuce, 329.


Mahometanism, 26, 27 ; its present
. progress, 363, 372, 375.
Man, how superior to the animals,

Mansel, Dean, his view of Divine

interposition, 133.
Marathon, religious importance of

this victory, 135.
Marriage, Christian view of, 271.
Martyrs in Science as in Religion,


Materialism, its connection with
Positivism, 68; incompatible
with ignorance of physical causes,
91; its gloomy character, 222;
its present aspect, 244.

Matter, not eternal, 90; warrants in-
ference of the existence of God, 95.

Medieval Christianity, its corru p-
tions, 313, 355; inevitable, 314;
its military character, 315; cor-
ruptions of doctrine, 317; false
supports, 320; extravagance, 349;
suppression of criticism, 351; its
liberality, 360.

Melancthon, 323, 327, 347.

Method of Residues applicable to
History, 128.

Middle Ages, their religious charac-
ter, 173.

Miracles, classification of, 138.

Missions, whether incompatible with
Private Judgment, 361; prospects
of, 362, 370; early recognition of,
363; continuous, 364; their pro-
gress since the Reformation, 365,
366, 368.

Monnsticism, Christian, its origin,
297; a remedy to excessive indus-
trialism, 299; involved labour,
300; merits of, 301; its defects,
302; self-regenerative power, 303.

Monotheism, its relation to Christi-
anity, 85.

Morality truly progressive, 163,164;
advanced by Christianity, 165;
Christian morality the corollary of
its doctrines, 178; distinguished
from Religion, 258.

Mysteries, essential to Religion as re-
vealed, 141; economy of Christi-
anity in respect of, 141.

Mysticism, the correlative of Ration-
alism, 142; its relation to Mate-
rialism, 142.


Natural SciENCE,its prepossessions
as to Theology, 63; these histori-
cally justified, 66; present Mate-
rialistic tendencies of, 67, 76;
easily passes into dogmatism, 69.

Nature, uniformity of, tends to a First
Cause, 88; exhibits also variety
and irregularity, 130.

Neo-Platonism, its failure, 237.

Nescience, Philosophy of, often tends,
though not necessarily, to Mate-
rialism, 97, 117.

Newton, Sir Isaac, on the Nature of
God, 137.

Numbers no test of truth in Reli-
gion, 27.


Orioek, his view of planetary spirits,

Orphanages, when first founded,


Paganism, inefficient as a religion,
27 ; its reaction upon Christianity,

Pantheism, essence of, 96; its anti-
dote, ib.

Papacy, spiritual function of, as a
tribunal of appeal, 291; decline
of, 316; its moral dignity, 316.

Pascal, his view of Prophecy, 139.

Patriotism recognized by Jesus
Christ, 81; a Christian virtue,

Patteson, Bishop, his death, 370.
Penitentials, their influence as {art

of Christian Law, 291.
Permanence, a test of reality, 13.
Perpetuity, a testof religious truth, 6.

Persecution for belief, its origin,
184, 356.

Physical Studies not irreligious
where not exclusive, 116; ancient
cultivation of, 350; indebted to
Protestantism, 356.

Platonism, its share in the Reforma-
tion, 323.

Pliny, his view of Prayer, 267.

Positive, history of the term, 67.

Positivism assumes all religious be-
lief to be imaginary, 16; a belief
in Laws, 59; negative in its ten-
dencies, 66; defective as an ex-
planation of phenomena, 97; its
relation to Free-Will, 108; its
failure as a religion, 237; its his-
torical criticism of Christianity,
320; confounds Christianity with
Catholicism, 342; its view of the
Reformation, 340.

Prayer, its relation to human re-
sponsibility, 74.

Prescription, limits of argument
from, 2.

Priscillian, his execution, 184.

Progress not limited to advance in
knowledge, 168; standard of, 373.

Property Tax, when first imposed in
England, 306.

Prophecy, historical character of, as
evidence, 139; fulfilled in the
progress of Christianity, 140.

Protestant, origin of name, 334.

Protestantism, its defect, 200; its
true function, 200; asserted to
have made no converts, 201; its
duty of toleration, 202; a gua-
rantee of permanence, 354.

Providence, theory of, essential to
Christianity, 113; general and
s]H.'cial, 123; sphere of, 125; mis-
interpretations of, 132.


Rationalism views Religion as a
phase of morality, 256; this error
examined, 257 ; not a consequence
of the Reformation, 352; defined,

Reformation restored the individual
influence of Christianity, 11; and
of the Bible, 41; not a mere moral
protest, 168,326,327; its theology
inductive, 210; in itself a test
of the truth of Christianity, 321;
spontaneous, 322; not a result
of improved knowledge, 323; its
defects, 323; its practical changes
rested on renewed doctrines, 324;

. date of its commencement, 325;
not indefinite, 331; or negative,
332; restored the balance of doc-
trines, 333; its permanent effects,
334; how a protest, 334; Roman
and Positivist views of, 340; Ra-
tionalistic view of, 341; still in
progress, 343; introduced new
elements of progress, 345.

Reformed Churches, their missionary
efforts, 369; and prospects, 372.

Religion, an clement in civilization,
149; its changes not due to in-
tellectual progress, 150; its true
function, 156; not a mode of pro-
claiming morality, 161; influences
tho advance of morals, 168; its
tacit force, 174; deals with spi-
ritual truth, 195; not reaction-
ary as to secular knowledge, 196;
how related to Natural Science,
225; independent of advances in
knowledge, 236; the Science of
the Soul, 223; a necessity of
human nature, 241; its vital
forces, 253; necessary elements,
255; a vehicle of Revelation, 256;
assumes Mysteries, 256; test of
its success, 258; how far a moral
one, 259; its periodicity of re-
vival, 344; foremost in political
reforms, 352.

Religion of Nature, its ambiguities,

Religions perishable, 2; historical

sequence of, 144.
Religious Disabilities, removal of,


Religious Wars, true character of,

Revelation, how far a natural pro-
cess, 47.

Eit.ual, its influence in conversion,

Roman Empire, its condition at the
coming of Christ, 264; why not
saved by Christianity, 278; effect
of its extinction on Christianity,

Roman Catholicism, its present
danger, 202, 354; its missionary
zeal, 367; and r>rospects, 372.

Royal Society founded partly by
Churchmen, 355.


Saikts, Intercession of, general in
Middle Ages, 319.

Salmasius, his defence of usury, 187.

Salvian, his estimate of Christian
declension, 279.

Sanctuary, Right of, its spiritual
character, 290.

Scepticism admissible as to religious
evidence, 209; not formidable
to Religion, 239; whether a re-
sult of the Reformation, 353; its
lHiril to the Church of Rome,

Scholasticism, its effects, 301.

Schools, how far due to Christianity,
271; and to the Reformation, 347.

Science, how far predictive, 130; in
what respects ineffectual to human
happiness, 154; theories as to its
relations to Religion, 191, 192;
their assumed incompatibility,
193; their meeting-roints, 243.

Scripture, its authority, 38; its ]x>wer
of prolonging personal influence,
39; this an element in the per-
petuity of the religion, 40; erro-
neous interpretations of, 186; its
relation to the Reformation, 41,

Secularization not necessarily un-
favourable to Christianity, 357,

Sensation, fallacies of, 102.

Serfdom, how far extinguished by
Christianity, 310.

Slavery, emancipation of, by Chris-
tianity, 72, 271.

Soul, proof of its existence induc-
tive, 226; its immortality, whe-
ther recognized at the coming of
Christ, 227.

Spinoza, his view of Providence,

Spirit, denial of its existence sub-
versive of all Religion, 225.

State, The, duty of, in propagating
truth, 358.

Statisties, defective as a means of
showing the operation of the Will,
103, 104.

Stoicism, its incapacity as a system
of religion, 237; its sources, 264.

Suicide advocated by heathen philo-
sophy, 377; its true remedy in
Christianity, ib.


Temporal Power clearly distin-
guished in medieval Christianity,

Teutonic character, 309, 312; Chris-
tianity, 372.

Theism, its relation to Christianity,

Theology a science of historical criti-
cism, 211; its method how far
deductive, 215, 216; whether
stationary, 218; or progressive,
219; rashly assumed to be op-
posed to induction and verifica-
tion, 207; and to science, 208;
includes both primary and in-
ferred truths, 210; commence-
ment of, as a science, 318.

Time, a test of truth, 17; in what
sense an agent, 18.

Toleration, its fundamental prin-
ciple, 203; neglected by the Re-
formers, 351, 355; not a cause of
Rationalism, 352, 354; advocated
by the Fathers before Constau-
tine, 356.

Tradition, Christian primitive, its
relation to Scripture, 38.

Truce of God distinguished from
"Peace of God," 190.

Truth progresses slowly but inevi-
tably, 9; how far an attribute of
institutions, 13.


Ulphilas, the missionary of the Goths, 286.

Unity, present need of, 12; the ultimate prospect of Christianity, 200.


Veddahs destitute of a belief in God, 68.

Verification admissible in religious experience, 214, 219.


War, increasing rarity of, due in part to Christianity, 190.

Wealth, increase of, no guarantee for real advance, 155.

Will of man essentially motive, 78; homogeneous with the Divine, 99; conditioned in action, 100; spiritual character of, 229.

Women, position of, in medieval society, 310; how far elevated by Christianity, 310.

Wonder, how an element in Religion, 321.


Xavier, his character and death, 368, 370.



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