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go with the bridal procession, so you must for the procession are all waiting at the west put up with the loss of your wine. How do side-entrance, your worship. you like that? After having gone to such Mandarin (to a body Servant).—Tell them expense (to pay for the day's feasting), not within to send Miss Sharp to the west sideeven to receive a glass ! Spooney has the entrance, where she will enter her sedan. advantage of his poor dear father-in-law! Let the bearers go round there and wait. Do you, pray, look on at all the fun; and Send two policemen to see that everything when it is over, go home, and set about pre- is right, and to accompany the bride to paring for the wedding-party.* Possibly Spooney's, returning when she is safely left you may be able to ingratiate yourself into there. Let one of the policemen on duty the favor of your rich son-in-law.

see that More Sharp and Adam Sharp are Matchem, you have done your office. I with the procession. If not, let me know it will further trouble you to conduct Miss immediately. Sharp to Spooney's to the wedding. Be quick, and put on your dress suit.

A note in the original says : “ This case Matchem.-Certainly! certainly !

Your was obtained from a friend, who himself worship’s decision has not disappointed me. reported it from the Yamun. It is here Messenger.—The musicians and bearers inserted as an aid in learning the (Manda

rin) language, on account of its bearing on * A party of friends meet at the parents' home,

the influence of authority in improving the a day or two after the marriage, when the bride morals of society, and of its being, moreover, visits her family.

very amusing."

A GIGANTIC CEPHALOPODE.-At the meet- SOUNDS BY GALVANIC CURRENTS. - Mr. ing of the Institute of France on Monday week, Gore, F.R.S., has produced visible vibrations, M. Flourens read a communication from the and sounds of different intensity, by the passage commander of the corvette Alecton, transmitted of yoltaic currents through a solution of cyanide by Marshal Vaillant, giving a detailed account of mercury and potash in dilute hydrocyanic of a monster of the deep which the ship encoun- acid. When a small number of cells of a large tered about forty leagues north of Teneriffe. It size are employed, the vibrations are small, and appeared like an immense born, consisting of the sounds emitted high ; but when the cells are soft, red glutinous flesh, terminated by a great numerous and small, the vibrations of the mernumber of very strong arms or tentacula. It curial connections are large and the sounds promeasured from ten to fifteen mètres in length duced bass. The number and pitch of the viand more than two in diameter. M. Bauyer, the brations produced by the same current can be commander of the corvette, endeavored to get varied by transmitting it through primary or possession of it, and gave it battle; but his shot secondary coils of wire. The inference drawn went through its soft body without seeming to by Mr. Gore from these extremely interesting do it any harm, and his poons would not and valuable experiments is, that they prove hold. Ai last, however, he got a line round it, electricity, like light and heat, to consist essenand was proceeding to haul it up, when the cord tially of vibrations, which, under ordinary circut into its body, and the anterior part, bearing cumstances, are so minute as to be unappreciathe tentacula, escaped : the tail only-weighing ble; but that, under certain conditions, as in about half-hundred weight-being got on board. these experiments, may be so modified as to beThe crew begged that a boat might be let down come visible. that they might come to close quarters with the monster ; but the commander, apprehending that by its strong arms and suckers it might stave or sink the boat, refused, and left it in the abyss. The coinmunication was followed by some remarks from M. Moquin-Tandon, to the AMMONIA FROM THE WASTE GASES OF effect that he had received still more circumstan- | COAL.-A method of collecting ammonia from tial narratives of the same kind from M. Berthe- the waste gases produced in the combustion of lot, Consul at the Canaries. And the discussion coal has been patented by Mr. J. A. Manning. was closed by M. Milne-Edwards, who gave his A jet of steam is injected into the escaping gas, sanction, stating that he regarded these observa- when it combines with the ammonia, and the tions as verifications of similar narratives which vapor thus impregnated is condensed in suitaare as old as the time of Pliny, the monster be- ble refrigerators, and an ammoniacal liquid obing, no doubt, a cephalopode of the cuttle-fishtained, from which sulphate of ammonia may be kind

made by the ordinary processes.

THE LIVING A G E. Τ

No. 930.-29 March, 1862.

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CONTENTS.

PAGE. 1. Discoveries–New or Old,

British Quarterly Review, 691 2. Reasonableness of Certain Words of Christ, A. K. H. B., in Good Words, 706 3. John Wesley's Love Passage,

Saturday Review,

711 4. Tyndale's Translation of Jonah,

Athenaeum,

717 5. The Future of British America,

The Press,

719 6. The New Thrones in the New World,

London Review,

722 7. Memoirs of Queen Hortense,

Athenæum,

725 8. Citizen Genet. By Geo. S. Hillard,

Boston Courier,

729 9. Conspiracy against the Rev. Dr. Breckenridge,

741 ** Title-page and Contents of Vol. 72.

Poetry. The Christmas Child, 690. Until the Day Break, 715. Franconia, 715. No Thanks to You! 715. The March of the Regiment, 743. The Cavalry Charge, 744. Our Victory, 744.

SHORT ARTICLES.-Color in the Moon, 706. Spectrum Analysis, 705. Icthyosaurus, 705. Books of the Old Testament in Rhyme, 710. Buonaparte Family at Rome, 715. Glazed Tiles for Buildings, 718. The Source of Life-Blood, 724. Sanscrit, Jesuits, 724. Macaulay's Conversation, 728. Waldenses, 728. Screwing on Nuts, 740. Coins of Cashmere, 740. Japanese Swords, 740. The Horse-Chestnut Tree, 742. Our Autumn Foliage, 742. First Missionaries, 742.

NEW BOOKS. Ay Only Son. Living Age Office. A. Williams & Co., Boston; A. D. F. Randolph, New York; T. B. Peterson & Brothers, Philadelphia.

THE OLDEST OF THE OLD World. By Sophia Mary Eckley. Walker, Wise, & Co., Boston.

The PuLPIT AND ROSTRUM. New York : E. D. Barker. Nos. 26 and 27. Three Unliko Speeches ; by William Lloyd Garrison, of Massachusetts, Garrett Davis, of Kentucky, Alcxander H. Stepliens, of Georgia. No. 28.' A Slave Union or a Free ? by Martin F. Conway.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY LIT TELL, SON, & CO., BOSTON.

For Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually for. warded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.

Asr volume may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to completo any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

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Praving the woman-soul to save

Hier babe: and to that peaceful hearth She saw the kiss that welcome gave,

And fled an outcast of the earth.

The housewife sits, with musing cyc,

Contemplating lier labors done; Her Christmas chcer, her own mince-pic,

Her ample store of cake and bun. She righed in fulness of content,

And then she gave another sigh,“ What's all the good of this,” it meant,

“ With none to eat but John and I ?" Frugal she was, nor much would take

Or give; what moved the worthy soul ? She rose and took hier largest cako,

And forth on gentlo errand stole.

The cautious dame had questioned still

The bounds of charity and right, Although her inmost soul would thrill

Above the babe that blessèd night.

But for a whisper in her ear,

That boundless love that hour had claim A Christmas gift, we'll keep it, dear,

It was to-night the Saviour came." - Good Words.

Isa Craig.

From The British Quarterly Review. points of history and literature are in most inLe Vicux-Neuf: Histoire ancienne des In- stances untrue ; and when true, that they are

ventions et Decouvertes modernes. Par rarely so, in the first place, if at all, concerning Edouard Fournier. Paris.

those to whom they are popularly attributed. ABOUT eight-and-twenty centuries ago a He has, in the volume before us, undertaken preacher of some eminence proclaimed the a similar task with regard to inventions, scidearth of invention, the world's exhaustion, entific and otherwise. His theory, if reduced and the lack of novelty, in forcible phrase, to a few words, would sound very like the “ The thing that hath been, it is that which old saying, that there is nothing true that is shall be; and that which is done, is that which new, and nothing new that is true. * But shall be done ; and there is no new thing un-odd and occasionally grotesque as it is in der the sun. Is there anything whereof it may some of its details, it is worthy of a more be said, See, this is new? It hath been full exposition than this. There is much inalready of old time, which was before us." genuity in the theory, and much learning in And since then, almost every age has had its the detailed support that it receives ; comcomplainant, or its “ laudator temporis acti,” bined with a most intensely French (and, who has reiterated the reproach upon the need we add, a most savage anti-English ?) existing time.

pecially was this the case spirit in the commentary. after the invention of printing. Very soon The nineteenth century (auct. loquent.) it became the fashion with a certain class to has no original ideas - no invention; in find all alleged novelties in the works of pre- fact, it came too late † for that ; all had been vious writers, actually or by inference; as thought before. It is, therefore, only an era Chaucer writes,

of maturation and utilization. Research and For out of th' olde fieldes, as men saith,

application are the chief glories of our age, Cometh all this new corn from year to year ; " Il a du moins l'honneur d'avoir tout entreAnd out of olde bookcs, in good faith, Cometh all this new science, that weve lere.”

pris.” 1 The nineteenth century has usually had But further than this, there is no individual the credit of having invented many new inventor. things; but we are told to correct our belief. It has improved upon, and utilized, many old

* M. Fournier's opinion itself is no exception;

in other words, is not a novelty. Witness the folideas; but as for invention, it is eminently lowing passage, which contains a summary of many barren and unprolific. Do we hesitate to modern investigations into the history of inven

tions: assent to this proposition ? Perhaps so.

“ Modern writers, by way of accounting for their Perhaps we think that the Argo was not a dulness, explain frankly that the ancients stole all “steam screw-propeller”--that Cæsar's no- their best ideas from them; and although modern

philosophers are slow to admit the same fact as retorious tri-verbal despatch was not conveyed gards themselves, they cannot hold out against by “ International Magnetic Telegraph,” in proof. One by one our new discoveries and orig

inal inventions have been shown to be thousands anticipation of the European Mail (limited) of years old. Telescopes must have been directed -that Armstrong guns were not used at the to the stars of the antique heavens, or its astronsiege of Troy,--and that the eighth edition omy could not have existed. The Emperor Shan,

2225 B.C., employing the movable tube which is of the Encyclopædia Britannica, with many used to observe the stars, put in order what regards “improvements and additions,” is something the seven planets.'-( Ancient Chinese Chronicle, more than an expansion of the inscriptions quoted in Thornton's Llistory of China.) Alexan

copy of the Iliad enclosed in a nutshell could upon the ancient obelisks. Perhaps we do ; not have been written without the microscope; the but before we commit ourselves to any posi- gem through which Nero looked at the distant tive opinion upon these or allied matters, it Slauliators, was nothing else than an opera-glass;

steam-railways - mesmerism — hydropathy – all apparently behooves us to know and exam- were familiar to the long bygone generations of the ine carefully what may be said for our an- trade; and Hobbs borrowed his lock from the tombs

earth; guano was an object of ancient Peruvian cestors' prior claims.

of Egypt! And we have much to do still in the M. Fournier has recently undertaken to way of rediscovery: The malleability of glass, for show * that the epigrams and melodramatic instance, the indellibility of colors, and filty other “ The first thought of all that man was to lity, yet, in order to an idea becoming pracdo and crcate, during the existence of this tically important, it must be some time earth, was created at the same time with enunciated, and the first enunciator has the himself; but under the formal condition that

things of importance, dropped by the ancients into * See L'Esprit des Auteurs, recueilli et raconté; the siream of time, we have to fish up anew.". Paris, 1857; and L'Esprit duns l'Histoire : Rech- See Chambers's Journal, for Sept. 2, 1854. erche's et Curiosités sur les Mots historiques ; Paris, | Le Vieux-Neuf, vol. i. p. 400. 1860.

La Fontaino.

proper title to the merit of its discovery. the muturity of the one should not precede Now, the third part of M. Fournier’s theory the maturity of the other. What could the man of carlier ages, with his unskilled hand, contains the doctrine that this inventor has his cramped and limited capacities, have generally been a Frenchman, in those pardone with those things which were to be the ticulars which are the most prominent feaglory of his emancipated thought and edu- tures of our age; and that the ideas have cated faculties ? What could he have done almost invariably been subsequently stolen with steam? What with printing or gun- by an inhabitant of perfidious Albion. Plapowder ? Nothing. If he knew of these things, it is not as we know of them; they giarism, forgery, robbery-all are laid to the were but playthings; he had them in a rudi- charge of our countrymen with a lavish pen. mentary state."

We stole our ideas of macadamized roads,

of iron bridges, of gas and steam, of iron The human race is the only true inventor; ships and nautical almanacs, of a thousand and that not by chance, but at the proper inventions from the French. * They were hour, and according to its needs. Man is ever inventing, and neglecting their own little, but humanity is great. “When the inventions; we were always (says the Abbé modern era draws nigh, when thought re- Prevost) reading the reports of the proceedquires stronger wings, then printing is in- ings of their Academy, and seizing upon all vented, and gives it them. When feudality available ideas to claim them changed or has had its day, and the people, crushed by unchanged, as our own. iron armor, are prepared for freedom, artil

These allegations may or may not be true, lery gives them that equality in fight that is in whole or in part; but it can scarcely be necessary for their liberation.” + And so contested, that he who first points out the for all other discoveries ; each one arose practical application of an idea, may fairly only for and on its occasion; or if a germ claim it as his own. It is none the less of the idea had been known before, it per- honor to the discoverer of the art of printished for lack of appreciation, and its pro- ing, that some germ of the principle had mulgator was laughed to scorn or persecuted. been known and in use from almost immeAs has been often observed, woe to him who morial time. Nor is the merit of the disis before his generation ! | Thus, " as if to covery of gunpowder as a means of warfare unite all generations, and to show that we lessened by the fact that some inflammable can only act efficiently by association with or explosive composition had been used by others, it has been ordained that each in- perhaps both Romans and Chinese, to make ventor shall only interpret the first word of fireworks of, for many centuries. the problem which he solves, and that each

Leaving out of M. Fournier's comprehengreat idea shall be the resumé of the past, sive volumes the Anglo-Gallican contest, and the germ of the future.”

which certainly occupies a considerable But although on this theory no one indi- space, and overlooking some other minor vidual should lay claim to absolute original points of speculation, we find a very consid* Le Vieux-Neuf, vol. i. p. 5.

erable mass of information connected with † lbid. vol. i. p. 38.

the early development of ideas which have According to M. Fournier, printing only be- afterwards assumed important positions in came what it is, because it came exactly at the time when thonglit required the expansion that the world's history. It is interesting to see this could furnish. Had it been discovered carlier, how frequently it has occurred that vien it would have doubtless perished. Disraeli believes that the Romans were acquainted with the the fulness of scientific time had come, a secret of movablo tvpes, but would not let it be discovery would be announced from various known, for fear of the spread of knowledge and the consequent loss of aristocratic monopoly of en- * “Tant il est vrai que la liste de ces contrelightened thought. De Quincey holds that print- façons de l'Angleterre pourrait être interminailig was long known to the ancients, but that it blc."--(Le ficux- Veuf, vol. i. p. 278.) We inay mude no progress for want of p:per! Gunpowder add that we have stolen our so-calles national dish had very long been a pyrotechnic plaything, be- or plum-pudding-not in this case from thic French, fore it was clevated to its present sad pre-eminence, but from the ancient Greeks. The same is alleged in obedience to the increasing wants of the world.' l of our bifteack."

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